Epidemiology, Incidence, and Prevalence
The reported prevalence of Meniere disease varies widely, from 15 per 100,000 in the United States to 157 per 100,000 in the United Kingdom.
The cause of Meniere’s disease is elevated endolymphatic pressure. Causes of elevated endolymphatic pressure include:
Signs and Symptoms
Complications of Meniere’s disease may include the following:
Laboratory studies - No blood test is specific for Meniere’s disease but to exclude obvious metabolic disturbances, infections, or hormonal imbalances:
MRI of the brain - Should be done to rule out abnormal anatomy or mass lesions. Specifically, acoustic neuromas or other cerebellopontine angle lesions, multiple sclerosis, or Arnold-Chiari malformations, also can be ruled out. Note that mass lesions rarely are found but are important to exclude.
CT scan of the brain - They are done to detect possible dehiscence of the semicircular canals, congenital abnormalities, widened cochlear and vestibular aqueducts, and subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Audiometry - It is particularly helpful for documenting present hearing acuity and detecting future change.
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