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Multiple Sclerosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis is a disease that affects the central nervous system namely the spinal cord and the brain. It has the potential to disable a person.If a person has multiple sclerosis, the immune system goes on the offense against myelin the sheath that protects nerve fibers. This results in problems in communication between the brain and the rest of the body. In course of time, the disease causes deterioration of the nerves. The nerves may also get damaged forever.The cure for multiple sclerosis still eludes medical science. But, treatment is available that hastens the recovery of patients from attacks, keep the symptoms within manageable limits and modify how the disease plays out in the patient’s life.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

Like its cure, the cause of multiple sclerosis is yet to be determined. It is an autoimmune disease in which the myelin comes under threat from the body’s own immune system. Myelin is analogous to a coat of insulation on wires that conduct electricity. Myelin damage results in nerves vulnerable to damage and dysfunction.The exact reason why multiple sclerosis develop in some while others are spared of the ordeal is not clear. Scientists suspect a combination of genes and the environment to be the culprit behind the disease.

Risk Factors of Multiple Sclerosis

  • Age- though multiple sclerosis has been found to occur in people of all ages those between 16-60 are particularly vulnerable.
  • Gender- Women are two times more likely to be affected by the disease than men.
  • Genetics- If a sibling or a parent has multiple sclerosis the risks of developing the disease are higher.
  • Medical Conditions- Certain infectious viruses have been found to have links with multiple sclerosis. Some autoimmune diseases like type 1 diabetes, thyroid or inflammatory bowel disease increase the risk of having the disease.
  • Race of a person- White individuals particularly those who have descended from Northern Europe have the highest risks of having the disease. African, Asian and native Americans are least likely to develop the disease.
  • Climate- A temperate climate encourages the development of the disease.
  • Smoking- Smokers are more prone to relapse-remitting multiple sclerosis.

Complications

People with multiple sclerosis are at risk of developing the following complications:

type diabetes
Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Weakness and numbness on one or both the limbs Complete or partial loss of vision Continuous double vision Pain on the whole body Tingling sensation on the body Slurred speech Fatigue

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Multiple Sclerosis - Know Its Effects!

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Popular Questions & Answers

Is it normal to marry a person who hvin medication of benign multiple sclerosis frm last 5 year, want to known what it is actually and its consequences.

Multiple sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disease where myline covering around brain axons gets damaged. It's a progressive disorder which can affect body functions at various levels and degrees.
3 people found this helpful

I am 51 years old house wife and suffering from multiple sclerosis. I am unable to make balance while walking and feel weaknesses in legs.

Wall calf stretchStand about two feet away from a wall. Place the ball of your right foot against the wall while your heel remains on the ground. Slowly and gently lean into the wall while keeping your knee straight. Hold this for the 10 sec with ...
1 person found this helpful

Is multiple sclerosis is a curable disease provided the autoimmune reports are negative. Yes it's true I have plaques in my spine and the brain too. Had the first attack some 5 years back which I got to know now that it was an Ms. attack as such post the MRI. Kindly suggest.

MS AN AUTO IMMUNE DISEASE WHERIN THE SHEATH OF NERVES ARE DESTROYED LEADING TO VARIOUS NEUROLOGICAL MANIFESTATIONS , MOSTLY IN WOMEN YOURS IS PROBABLY RELAPSING REMITTING TYPE WITH GOOD PROGNOSIS.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

Risk Factors of Multiple Sclerosis

Complications

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