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Multiple Sclerosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Multiple Sclerosis? Causes of Multiple Sclerosis Risk Factors of Multiple Sclerosis Complications

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis is a disease that affects the central nervous system namely the spinal cord and the brain. It has the potential to disable a person.If a person has multiple sclerosis, the immune system goes on the offense against myelin the sheath that protects nerve fibers. This results in problems in communication between the brain and the rest of the body. In course of time, the disease causes deterioration of the nerves. The nerves may also get damaged forever.The cure for multiple sclerosis still eludes medical science. But, treatment is available that hastens the recovery of patients from attacks, keep the symptoms within manageable limits and modify how the disease plays out in the patient’s life.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

Like its cure, the cause of multiple sclerosis is yet to be determined. It is an autoimmune disease in which the myelin comes under threat from the body’s own immune system. Myelin is analogous to a coat of insulation on wires that conduct electricity. Myelin damage results in nerves vulnerable to damage and dysfunction.The exact reason why multiple sclerosis develop in some while others are spared of the ordeal is not clear. Scientists suspect a combination of genes and the environment to be the culprit behind the disease.

Risk Factors of Multiple Sclerosis

  • Age- though multiple sclerosis has been found to occur in people of all ages those between 16-60 are particularly vulnerable.
  • Gender- Women are two times more likely to be affected by the disease than men.
  • Genetics- If a sibling or a parent has multiple sclerosis the risks of developing the disease are higher.
  • Medical Conditions- Certain infectious viruses have been found to have links with multiple sclerosis. Some autoimmune diseases like type 1 diabetes, thyroid or inflammatory bowel disease increase the risk of having the disease.
  • Race of a person- White individuals particularly those who have descended from Northern Europe have the highest risks of having the disease. African, Asian and native Americans are least likely to develop the disease.
  • Climate- A temperate climate encourages the development of the disease.
  • Smoking- Smokers are more prone to relapse-remitting multiple sclerosis.

Complications

People with multiple sclerosis are at risk of developing the following complications:

type diabetes

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 21 years old, i'm having a back pain and low hip pain from 2 years and also recently 4 months it's very tough. For that i'm taking daily pain killers like aceclofenac and diclofenac tablets from 1 year. What to do please give me suggestions and now i'm worried about my kidneys because I am taking daily painkillers .please provide useful thing and also tell me tips not to get kidney issues and this pain. Thank you.

Fellowship in Joint Replacement, DNB (Orthopedics), MBBS
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I believe that you may have a severe slipped disc, or more likely some form of rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis. Pain killers mask the pain, they do not cure you. You need thorough investigations to find the cause of pain. Treatment ...

From last 2 weeks. I am facing server pain in my ankles.(with swelling) elbows and wrists and few fingers. It gets worse if pressed or moved. I have to take 1 pain killer (fenac plus) twice a day (1/2 each) to survive a day. I am not sure who is the specialist for it and I really don't have money to visit a Dr. to hear who can actually help. Please help with possible root cause and right type of specialist to go to get this cured please help as this is getting worse everyday.

DNB (Orthopedics), MNAMS (Orthopedic Surgery), MBBS
Orthopedic Doctor, Mumbai
Hi, based on your information, it appears you are having inflammatory polyarthritis, most probably rheumatoid arthritis. A consultation with a rheumatologist would be quite helpful to you at this stage of symptoms. Hope this is helpful to you. Wis...
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from ra taking treatment from specs since 2010 as prescribe taking folitrax 12.5 mg folvite 5 mg now on right knee lot of pain advise.

MBBS, DNB orthopaedics, MCH , PGD, ATLS
Orthopedic Doctor, Srinagar
Seems presently you have a cute excarebation of ra. You might need a short course of nsaids but keep on continuing the medicines you are taking. Better to consult an orthopaedicians who will see your knee. And decide whether nsaids will suffice or...

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