Lybrate Logo
Get the App
For Doctors
Login/Sign-up
Consult Online
Book Appointment
Treatment
Ask a Question
Plan my Surgery
GoodKart
Health Feed
tab_logos
About
tab_logos
Health Feed
tab_logos
Find Doctors

Multiple Sclerosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Last Updated: Nov 30, 2023

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis is a disease that affects the central nervous system namely the spinal cord and the brain. It has the potential to disable a person.If a person has multiple sclerosis, the immune system goes on the offense against myelin the sheath that protects nerve fibers. This results in problems in communication between the brain and the rest of the body. In course of time, the disease causes deterioration of the nerves. The nerves may also get damaged forever.The cure for multiple sclerosis still eludes medical science. But, treatment is available that hastens the recovery of patients from attacks, keep the symptoms within manageable limits and modify how the disease plays out in the patient’s life.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

Like its cure, the cause of multiple sclerosis is yet to be determined. It is an autoimmune disease in which the myelin comes under threat from the body’s own immune system. Myelin is analogous to a coat of insulation on wires that conduct electricity. Myelin damage results in nerves vulnerable to damage and dysfunction.The exact reason why multiple sclerosis develop in some while others are spared of the ordeal is not clear. Scientists suspect a combination of genes and the environment to be the culprit behind the disease.

Risk Factors of Multiple Sclerosis

  • Age- though multiple sclerosis has been found to occur in people of all ages those between 16-60 are particularly vulnerable.
  • Gender- Women are two times more likely to be affected by the disease than men.
  • Genetics- If a sibling or a parent has multiple sclerosis the risks of developing the disease are higher.
  • Medical Conditions- Certain infectious viruses have been found to have links with multiple sclerosis. Some autoimmune diseases like type 1 diabetes, thyroid or inflammatory bowel disease increase the risk of having the disease.
  • Race of a person- White individuals particularly those who have descended from Northern Europe have the highest risks of having the disease. African, Asian and native Americans are least likely to develop the disease.
  • Climate- A temperate climate encourages the development of the disease.
  • Smoking- Smokers are more prone to relapse-remitting multiple sclerosis.

Complications

People with multiple sclerosis are at risk of developing the following complications:

type diabetes

References

Popular Questions & Answers

View All

My name is parvez khan .i. Am 21 year old .i ha...

related_content_doctor

Dr. Jaideep Gaver

Orthopedic Doctor

Sir, there is no permanent cure ,but you have to control it any how which is possible by medicine...

I am a 21 years old girl and I experience chest...

related_content_doctor

Dr. Owais Ahmed Wani

Cardiologist

After reading you story I think there is a strong possibility of rheumatic fever with rheumatic h...

Hi, it started by an occasional pain in hands a...

related_content_doctor

Dr. Anuj Nigam

Orthopedic Doctor

Hello Mr. lybrate-user. Rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis belong to inflammatory ar...

I am 21 years old, i'm having a back pain and l...

related_content_doctor

Dr. Rajendran Thiagarajan

Orthopedic Doctor

I believe that you may have a severe slipped disc, or more likely some form of rheumatoid arthrit...

From last 2 weeks. I am facing server pain in m...

related_content_doctor

Dr. Rajesh Gayakwad

Orthopedic Doctor

Hi, based on your information, it appears you are having inflammatory polyarthritis, most probabl...

Table of content

Content Details
Profile Image
Written ByDr. Rlv Phani Kumar Diploma in Diabetes,MD,MBBSInternal Medicine
Need more help 

15+ Years of Surgical Experience

All Insurances Accepted

EMI Facility Available at 0% Rate

Find Internal Medicine Specialist near me

pms_banner
chat_icon

Ask a free question

Get FREE multiple opinions from Doctors

posted anonymously
lybrate_youtube
lybrate_youtube
lybrate_youtube
lybrate_youtube
lybrate_youtube

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice