Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Paralysis - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Paralysis occurs because of improper muscle function, which generally results in a sensory loss in the part of the body that is affected. Paralysis is mostly a result of damage to the spinal cord; that affects the central nervous system of the body.

As per global research, 1 out of 50 persons has to deal with some kind of paralysis during his lifetime. An individual may either suffer from partial paralysis or full paralysis because of a number of causes which include- trauma, polio, nerve damage, multiple sclerosis, stroke, cerebral palsy as well as other medical issues.

Paralysis is the complete muscle function loss in the affected area, thus it should not be mistaken for muscle weakness or numbness. Paralysis may be accompanied by other symptoms like- fainting spells, confusion, headaches, drooling and behavioral changes, problems with speaking or writing, nausea or vision loss. If any of the above symptoms accompanied with muscle numbness is felt, a doctor should be immediately consulted.

Although there is no permanent cure for paralysis, it can be controlled through proper treatment. Treatment for paralysis is very similar even if the causes of the condition vary. Doctors generally offer paralysis treatment that aids in the restoration of the brain’s connection to the body. Medications and drugs along with physiotherapy are suggested in case of partial and periodic paralysis. Functional Electrical stimulation is another form of treatment which is also recommended for some individuals.

How is the treatment done?

Paralysis treatment is generally done to deal with symptoms and help regain muscle movement. Medicines and drugs are generally prescribed for a specific type of paralysis. The medicines mostly help patients with paralysis symptoms. For instance, muscle relaxants like baclofen and dantrolene are prescribed to help with spasms and excessive muscle pain.

Physiotherapy also helps paralysis patients to a great extent. Depending on the kind of paralysis, patients undergo physiotherapy therapy sessions where they are made to do different exercises to help regain muscle movement. This type of treatment is slow and requires a lot of effort and strong will. But its results are most effective.

Functional Electrical Stimulation is known to help patients who are suffering from lower leg as well as feet paralysis. This form of treatment uses electrical impulses to restore muscle function. Thus, the affected muscles are stimulated with electric pulses along with a vigorous exercise regime for a stated period of time. Research has shown that this type of treatment is very effective. In fact, patients with zero movements have been able to regain considerable control of their legs after undergoing this treatment, thus allowing them to lead a considerably normal lifestyle.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The eligibility criteria include:

  • In the case of Functional Electrical Stimulation treatment, patients with lower leg paralysis are eligible.
  • Patients with partial and periodic paralysis may be given medications to help with symptoms.
  • Physiotherapy is only recommended for individuals who are willing to bear the pain and long sessions of exercise.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

There are no such non-eligibility criteria in case of paralysis treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Pain is a major side effect of paralysis treatment through physiotherapy. Because the physiotherapy session is long and extensive, it can leave a patient exhausted. Undergoing physiotherapy to treat paralysis can be quite laborious and one needs strong will and determination along with support from family and friends to undergo treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

During the paralysis treatment and even after it is done a certain type of diet needs to be followed. B complex Vitamins such as niacin, Vitamin B12, and others should be a part of the diet of a paralytic patient. These vitamins improve the functioning of the nervous system. Fatty acids should also be a part of the diet as such food helps reduce inflammation. If the patient is undergoing physiotherapy, the exercises should also be continued as per the doctor’s guidance.

Foods that should be consumed include- beans, bananas, lentils, walnuts, potatoes, oil from pumpkin seeds and flaxseeds.

How long does it take to recover?

Paralysis is a condition that is not curable. Thus, the patient may improve but will not be fully cured.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of paralysis treatment can range from anywhere between Rs 7000 to Rs 1 lakh.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

No. The results of the treatment are not permanent because the patient may suffer from a relapse even after showing considerable improvement. This is primarily because paralysis is a nervous system problem, the cure, and treatment for which is hard to find.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Ayurvedic and natural treatments for paralysis are available. For instance, Akarkara root mixed with mahau oil and massaged on the affected area can help relax muscles to a great extent.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Low Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: Very Low Price Range: Rs. 7000 - Rs. 1,00,000

Popular Health Tips

2 Physiotherapy Exercises for Spinal Cord Injury

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 91% (18099 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
2 Physiotherapy Exercises for Spinal Cord Injury
A.STRENGTHENING EXERCISES: These consist of exercises to strengthen the lower limb muscles in case of lower motor neuron type of palsy. Strengthening of the upper limb is essential as this will help the patient to enable efficiency in activities like transferring,use of walking aids like crutch, and also helps in over all functional rehabilitation. Strengthening of trunk muscles is essential for better trunk control and stability which will help in better balancing in sitting or standing. Quadratus lumborum is the most important trunk muscle in case of spinal cord injury that has got no hip flexors because it enables the patient to hike the pelvis. Use of tilt table: In the initial stages when there is no trunk stability patient can be trained for weight bearing on lower limbs by using tilt table.In this the patient s trunk and the lower limbs are strapped to the tilt table and then the table is tilted such that the patient is in erect position.Moreover tilt table can also be used in the initial stage to prevent the chances of orthostatic hypotension. For preventing hypotension in the initial stages the patient is made to lie on the tilt table and the table is gradually tilted everyday at increasing range so that the autonomous nervous system is made to get conditioned as a result the reflex vasoconstriction can bestimulate d in erect position. This will help in preventing or treating orthostatic hypotension. Transfer activities: To make the patient independent in ADL, it is necessary to train him to use the wheelchair. Easy ways of transfer from bed to wheelchair from wheelchair to low stool and from low stool to floor and back to wheel chair should be taught to patient. The patient also should be trained for balance in sitting position if his trunk muscles are also affected. Patient should also be taught various ways of locomotion in emergency situation like shuffling in sitting position, semi crawling in prone position with the help of weight bearing on the forearm. B.GAIT TRAINING: Spinal cord injury can be made to ambulate with the help of crutches and calipers. There are various types of gait that can be taught with the assistance of axillary crutches like shuffling gait, dragging gait and swing gait. However walking should be trained in a gradual manner. The lower limbs are supported with appropriate orthosis and the patient is made to sand in the parallel bar. The patient is advised to do hyperextension at the hips and trunk to maintain erect posture and balance. Hyperextension of the hip locks the hip with the help of ischio-femoral ligament and thus provides stability. Once the patient is confident in standing gait training is started by instructing the patient to lift one leg and take weight on other extremity. Stepping forward is taught next and the physiotherapist progresses to walking in parallel bars.After this patient is made to walkout of the parallel bar with the help of walker.Depending on the trunk stability and confidence of the patient progression can be made to axillary crutches. Elbow crutches or canes can be given only if the upper limb musculature becomes quite strong to weight bear efficiently and within the safely limit of the patient. Even if the patient is not going to be a community walker, it is important to give him gait training so that can achieve some independency in activities of daily living and to maintain his self-esteem. Weight bearing on the lower limbs in erect posture also acts to slowdown the process of osteoporosis and prevent tightness. Use of orthosis or appliances: lower limb orthosis or gaiter may be used depending on the muscular status in the lower limbs.

Keep Your Spine Safe - Spinal Cord Injury Has Lot Many Complications

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 91% (18099 ratings)
MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Keep Your Spine Safe - Spinal Cord Injury Has Lot Many Complications
SPINAL CORD INJURY Mechanism of the injury that can cause damage to the vertebrae with a resultant damage to the cord is usually a hyper flexion with rotation is less likely to cause damage to the cord.Injuries to the spinal cord can be caused by: Fracture or fracture with dislocation Sports injuries Industrial injuries Stab injury Gunshot injuries Surgical procedures: surgeries done in and around the spinal cord can cause damage to it.Fracture or fracture dislocation can be caused either due to collision of a heavy object over the head or directly over the spine. COMPLICATION OF SPINAL CORD INJURIES Pressure sores: In case of chronic illness with spinal cord injury, the patient is bed-ridden for a long time. If proper care is not taken patient develops pressure sores which becomes a major complication if infected. Tightness and contractures: because of inability of the patient to move the lower limbs, patients lower limbs are positioned under the effect of gravity or under the influence of spasticity. The patient suffers from tightness, contractures and loss of ROM. If these are not treated in time it will lead to fixed mal alignment of joints which eventually will lead to deformity. Osteoporosis: without adequate weight bearing imposed on the lower limb bones more and more calcium is released from bones which causes osteoporotic and fragile bones that is prone to have fractures even with trivial trauma. Urinary Tract infection and urinary calculi: due to urinary retention in the spinal cord injury patient there is growth of bacteria primarily due to the presence of an indwelling catheter which acts as a main source of entrance for the bacteria. Pain syndrome: the source of pain can be traumatic, spinal cord pain and musculoskeletal. PHYSIOTHERAPY MANAGEMENT The aims of the physiotherapy management consist of: Prevention of all secondary complications as a result of being bedridden. Restoration of functional independency to the maximum possible limit. Psychological counseling. Social and vocational rehabilitation. Family education Home adaptation.

Paralysis: Symptoms and Treatment

Dr. Amin A. Khan 87% (266 ratings)
MDT(Mc Kenzie) , P.G-Dietitian, N.D.T-( Neuro Development Technic ), Physiotherapist
Physiotherapist, Mumbai
Paralysis: Symptoms and Treatment
Paralysis can be concluded as the state when the muscles lose functioning in any part of the body. Any kind of disruption in our nerve system can be responsible enough to cause paralysis. Our central nervous system and peripheral nervous system communicate and control our senses of movement. But interruption in nerve impulses can cause weakness in muscles which leads to muscle paralysis. Symptoms A paralysed patient will encounter symptoms like: Decreasing the motor power Decreasing vasomotor control Loss of sensation Decreasing bowel and bladder control Losing the ability of sexual function. When it comes to treating a paralysis patient, physiotherapy is proven to be the best remedy. Physiotherapy has thoroughly helped patients with paralysis in getting to feel confident and independent. Physiotherapy includes various exercises and techniques which are developed with time in order to provide a complete rehabilitation to the patients. Types of paralysis: There are mainly four types of paralysis Monoplegia: when one limb gets paralysed Hemiplegia: when arm and leg of a single side get paralysed Paraplegia: when legs get paralysed Quadriplegia: when both sides get paralysed Treating paralysis with physiotherapy Physiotherapy is advised to patients with any type of paralysis. It should be started soon in order to improve blood circulation in the muscles. It also helps in relaxing the stiff muscles. This treatment improves the overall health condition of the patient. Physiotherapy is also responsible for reducing any kind of swelling which takes place due to external brain injury. Physiotherapy is helpful in making the patient stable and independent. It also helps in maintaining the blood pressure. It helps to improve the respiratory system. Physiotherapy maintains the affected muscles and nerves. It provides strength to the affected muscles and works to prevent the limbs from getting deformed. One major symptom of paralysis is a loss of bladder and bowel function. Physiotherapy helps in managing the paralysed bowel and bladder. Physiotherapy involves different techniques which can be learnt from a physiotherapist in order to transfer a paralysed patient. Othorsis, canes, braces, splints are the equipment that are advised to the patient by a professional physiotherapist. Physiotherapy helps in resolving problems such as anxiety, anger, depression, denial which takes place after post-paralysis mental trauma. Physiotherapist provides safeguarding tips to the patient and his or her family in order to avoid accidents. Physiotherapy has a big role in creating the motivation in patient's mind. These are the benefits of physiotherapy which help the paralyzed limbs getting stronger and better. But it is always advised to be done under a professional physiotherapist.
2 people found this helpful

Paralysis - How Physiotherapy Can Help You?

Dr. Anuradha Sharma 88% (14321 ratings)
MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Paralysis - How Physiotherapy Can Help You?
Paralysis can be concluded as the state when the muscles lose functioning in any part of the body. Any kind of disruption in our nerve system can be responsible enough to cause paralysis. Our central nervous system and peripheral nervous system communicate and control our senses of movement. But interruption in nerve impulses can cause weakness in muscles which leads to muscle paralysis. Symptoms A paralysed patient will encounter symptoms like: Decreasing the motor power Decreasing vasomotor control Loss of sensation Decreasing bowel and bladder control Losing the ability of sexual function. When it comes to treating a paralysis patient, physiotherapy is proven to be the best remedy. Physiotherapy has thoroughly helped patients with paralysis in getting to feel confident and independent. Physiotherapy includes various exercises and techniques which are developed with time in order to provide a complete rehabilitation to the patients. Types of paralysis: There are mainly four types of paralysis Monoplegia: when one limb gets paralysed Hemiplegia: when arm and leg of a single side get paralysed Paraplegia: when legs get paralysed Quadriplegia: when both sides get paralysed Treating paralysis with physiotherapy Physiotherapy is advised to patients with any type of paralysis. It should be started soon in order to improve blood circulation in the muscles. It also helps in relaxing the stiff muscles. This treatment improves the overall health condition of the patient. Physiotherapy is also responsible for reducing any kind of swelling which takes place due to external brain injury. Physiotherapy is helpful in making the patient stable and independent. It also helps in maintaining the blood pressure. It helps to improve the respiratory system. Physiotherapy maintains the affected muscles and nerves. It provides strength to the affected muscles and works to prevent the limbs from getting deformed. One major symptom of paralysis is a loss of bladder and bowel function. Physiotherapy helps in managing the paralysed bowel and bladder. Physiotherapy involves different techniques which can be learnt from a physiotherapist in order to transfer a paralysed patient. Othorsis, canes, braces, splints are the equipment that are advised to the patient by a professional physiotherapist. Physiotherapy helps in resolving problems such as anxiety, anger, depression, denial which takes place after post-paralysis mental trauma. Physiotherapist provides safeguarding tips to the patient and his or her family in order to avoid accidents. Physiotherapy has a big role in creating the motivation in patient's mind. These are the benefits of physiotherapy which help the paralyzed limbs getting stronger and better. But it is always advised to be done under a professional physiotherapist.
1 person found this helpful

Facial Paralysis

Dr. Priyanka Saini (P.T.) 92% (77 ratings)
Bachelor of Physiotherapy, Advanced Dry Needling Therapist
Physiotherapist, Noida
Bell's palsy is a type of facial paralysis that results in an inability to control the facial muscles on the affected side. This condition causes inflammation of the facial nerve, which commonly causes the muscles on one side of the face to droop. No one knows exactly why bell s palsy occurs. Most common cause could be a viral infection of the facial nerve. Symptoms can vary from mild to severe. They may include muscle twitching, weakness, or total loss of the ability to move one side of the face. Other symptoms include drooping of the eyelid, a change in taste, pain around the ear, and increased sensitivity to sound. Symptoms of bell s palsy can include a combination of: 1. Facial paralysis on one side. 2. Loss of blinking control on the affected side 3. Drooping of the mouth to the affected side 4. Altered sense of taste 5. Slurred speech 6. Drooling (difficulty in eating and drinking) 7. Pain in or behind the ear 8. Sound hypersensitivity on the affected side Physiotherapy remedies may include; laser therapy, electrical stimulation, facial muscles exercises (assisted) followed by mild facial massage. Home remedies include; A) opening and closing of the eye. B) pursing 0f lips while trying to blow air. C) inflating balloon. D) making bubbles on water. E) dilating nostril.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 31 years old and had brain tumour operation also radiotherapy for astrocytoma grade 2 and left side of body is paralysed. So astrocytoma is curable or not. And how long will it take.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (6881 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Hi Puneet... It is very difficult to predict the curability of it... As every individual reacts to treatment differently... I can say that you should try multiple approaches.. Like Homoeopathy with Pranayama... They have chances of doing wonders... How long is not possible to answer without looking at the full case...

My wife has struck in oct 2017 resulting right side paralysis hand and leg. With the help of physiotherapy exercise recovering. What are remedies in ayurvedic / message for recovery of leg movement.

Dr. Shiva Kumar R 90% (32 ratings)
Fellowship in epilepsy, DM - Neurology, DNB (General Medicine), MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Neurologist, Bangalore
Hello, Thanks for choosing Lybrate. Once a stroke there is always risk of another stroke. So she requires stroke prevention and continuous physiotherapy. See a Neurologist for further advise. You can continue on ayurvedic massage or any kind of leg strengthening exercises. Everything work the same. I hope this helps you.
1 person found this helpful

My both legs are not working. Means I am not able to move my legs. So what should I do. I need medicine or ayurveda Or massage. Please answer.

Dr. Julie Mercy J David Raja 89% (4897 ratings)
Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Leg Pain If you have leg pain then you have to rule out the casues for having leg pain. First of all check your weight and your haemoglobin levels, as Anaemia always leads to the symptoms of being tired and also having leg pain though there are no issues with the knee joint or back pain. If not if the pain radiates down the back of thigh and legs then it might be due to sciatica. Kindly consult the nearby physiotherapist. Hope you recover soon from the leg pain.

Health Quizzes

Signs That Warn You Are Having A Stroke!

Dr. Siddhant Jain Cardiologist 84% (13 ratings)
DM - Cardiology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Cardiologist, Indore
A severe headache can be a warning sign that you might have the stroke. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz
1278 people took this quiz

Popular Health Packages

ENQUIRE
180 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹9999
ENQUIRE
15 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹4000
ENQUIRE
10 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹5500
ENQUIRE
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹9500
ENQUIRE
₹250
14 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹500
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice