What is Paralysis?
Paralysis occurs because of improper muscle function, which generally results in a sensory loss in the part of the body that is affected. It is mostly a result of damage to the spinal cord; that affects the central nervous system of the body. As per global research, 1 out of 50 persons has to deal with some kind of paralysis during his lifetime.
An individual may either suffer from partial or full paralysis because of a number of causes which include- trauma, polio, nerve damage, multiple sclerosis, stroke, cerebral palsy as well as other medical issues. It is the complete muscle function loss in the affected area, thus it should not be mistaken for muscle weakness or numbness. It may be accompanied by other symptoms like- fainting spells, confusion, headaches, drooling and behavioural changes, problems with speaking or writing, nausea or vision loss.
What are the different types of paralysis?
This is the condition in which you unable to move certain body parts. It happens when something goes wrong between the condition of your brain and muscles. It can be complete or partial. It can occur on both sides of your body, lower half of the legs, or one side of the body.
The following are the various types of paralysis:
1. Complete Paralysis: In this condition, you do not feel any sensation in your muscles neither you can move or control your muscles.
2. Partial Paralysis: It is a condition in which you can feel some sensation in your muscles. The other terms for this type are ‘paresis’ and incomplete paralysis.
3. Localised paralysis: It affects in a particular area. This could be your face, feet, hands or vocal cords.
4. Generalised paralysis: This type can affect more than one body part at a time. This includes:
- Monoplegia: It affects only one arm or a leg
- Diplegia: This type of generalised, affects both the arms or legs or both sides of the face
- Hemiplegia: This type affects just one side of the human body. This condition occurs due to a stroke.
- Quadriplegia: Also known as tetraplegia, it affects both the arms and the legs are paralysed along with some organs.
- Paraplegia: The body below the waist portion is paralysed in such type.
5. Locked-in syndrome: It is the rarest form of paralysis. In this type, a person loses control over every part of the body except the muscles which control their eye movements.
What are the symptoms of paralysis?
The symptoms are understandable. You would lose control over the particular or entire body part of your body. Before it traps your body, you will feel a numbing or tingling sensation in the body. You will also not be able to keep control over your muscles completely or partially if you suffer from paralysis.
What causes paralysis?
Many of the human beings are paralysed by birth and few come across the attack due to medical issue or accident. Few other causes because of which you can suffer from it are:
- Cerebral Palsy
- Post-polio syndrome
- Spinal cord injury
- Traumatic brain injury
- Parkinson’s Disease
How to diagnose paralysis?
Many times it is often easy to diagnose it as you will lose control over your muscles completely or partially. To identify it for the internal body part, the medical professionals use X-rays, MRI scans, CT scans, myelography, electromyography other imaging studies.
How is paralysis treated?
The treatment will depend on the type of paralysis you suffered from as well as the symptoms you faced. According to your paralytic condition, your doctor will prescribe the treatment. Doctors generally offer treatment that aids in the restoration of the brain’s connection to the body.
Medicines and drugs are generally prescribed for a specific type. The medicines mostly help patients suffering from symptoms. For instance, muscle relaxants like baclofen and dantrolene are prescribed to help with spasms and excessive muscle pain.
Physiotherapy for paralysis: Physiotherapy also helps patients to a great extent. Depending on the kind, patients undergo physiotherapy sessions where they are made to do different exercises to help regain muscle movement. This type of treatment is slow and requires a lot of effort and strong will. But its results are most effective.
Functional Electrical Stimulation: It is known to help patients who are suffering from the lower leg as well as feet paralysis. This form of treatment uses electrical impulses to restore muscle function. Thus, the affected muscles are stimulated with electric pulses along with a vigorous exercise regime for a stated period of time. Research has shown that this type of treatment is very effective. In fact, patients with zero movements have been able to regain considerable control of their legs after undergoing this treatment, thus allowing them to lead a considerably normal lifestyle.
Who needs paralysis treatment?
The eligibility criteria include:
- In the case of Functional Electrical Stimulation treatment, patients with lower leg paralysis are eligible.
- Patients with partial and periodic paralysis may be given medications to help with symptoms.
- Physiotherapy is only recommended for individuals who are willing to bear the pain and long sessions of exercise.
What are the side effects of paralysis treatment?
Pain is a major side effect of paralysis treatment through physiotherapy. Because the physiotherapy session is long and extensive, it can leave a patient exhausted. Undergoing physiotherapy can be quite laborious and one needs strong will and determination along with support from family and friends to undergo treatment.
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
During the paralysis treatment and even after it is done a certain type of diet needs to be followed. B complex Vitamins such as niacin, Vitamin B12, and others should be a part of the diet of a paralytic patient. These vitamins improve the functioning of the nervous system. Fatty acids should also be a part of the diet as such food helps reduce inflammation. If the patient is undergoing physiotherapy, the exercises should also be continued as per the doctor’s guidance.
Is it possible to recover from paralysis?
Yes, there are possibilities to overcome your paralytic conditions. All you need is to have your medications on your right time. Please follow the doctor's instructions carefully. If he asks you to perform any kind of therapies or exercises, do not ignore it and perform it timely.
How to cure paralysis?
Paralysis is a type of condition which requires immediate medical help. You can cure it through surgical procedures, medications, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and others. You can also try yoga and other home remedies like mustard oil, acupressure, exercises, Kalonji oil etc.
How to prevent paralysis?
- One of the reasons to suffer from paralysis is an accident. You can save yourself from the accident by using seat belts, airbags and wearing helmets.
- Premature birth is also a big reason for getting your child paralysed. Giving him good prenatal care can help in preventing premature birth.
- Environmental factors sometimes lead to stroke. Paying careful attention to it can help you prevent it.
- Perform exercises on a regular basis. Keeping yourself fit will get you away from the stroke.
What is the cost of paralysis treatment in India?
The cost of paralysis treatment can range from anywhere between Rs 7000 to Rs 1 lakh.
What are the home remedies for paralysis?
Below are some of the home remedies which are very effective:
- Yoga: Anulom Vilom Asana is one of the best ways to cure paralysis. You should perform it for at least 1 hour regularly. It has a very positive result and if you perform it on a daily basis for 2 weeks, then you will start seeing the results. Along with Anulom Vilom Pranayama, you can also try Kapalbhati and Ujjayi Pranayama.
- Mustard Oil: Take two spoons of mustard oil and apply on the affected part. This will be very effective. If there is no mustard oil available then you may also use ghee.
- Acupressure: To get relief from it, press the ring finger on the upper part of the body. If your body is paralysed on the left side, then press left ring finger on the area.
- Garlic: Grind 5-6 pieces of garlic pieces and add 2 tablespoons of honey. It is advised to consume the mixture for the 2 months daily. Within this period of time, you will get relief from it. You can also boil 5-6 garlic pieces in the milk and take them regularly. This will help you to bring your affected part alive and will normalise your blood pressure.
- Black pepper: Cook 50 grams of black pepper in 250ml of mustard oil. Lukewarm the cooking oil and apply it on the affected part. This will give you relief within a short period of time.
- Kalonji Oil: It is advised to massage lukewarm kalonji oil gently on the affected body part. Take two to three kalonji oil on a daily basis and within a month you will see a good change in your condition.
What is the best diet for paralysis person?
Basic lifestyle changing factors include stopping smoking, getting regular exercise and having an improved diet.
Best foods to prevent stroke:
- Citrus fruits
- Whole grains
- Coffee and green tea
Best foods that help stroke recovery:
- Oil from pumpkin seeds
What are the alternatives to the treatment?