Paralysis occurs because of improper muscle function, which generally results in a sensory loss in the part of the body that is affected. Paralysis is mostly a result of damage to the spinal cord; that affects the central nervous system of the body.
As per global research, 1 out of 50 persons has to deal with some kind of paralysis during his lifetime. An individual may either suffer from partial paralysis or full paralysis because of a number of causes which include- trauma, polio, nerve damage, multiple sclerosis, stroke, cerebral palsy as well as other medical issues.
Paralysis is the complete muscle function loss in the affected area, thus it should not be mistaken for muscle weakness or numbness. Paralysis may be accompanied by other symptoms like- fainting spells, confusion, headaches, drooling and behavioral changes, problems with speaking or writing, nausea or vision loss. If any of the above symptoms accompanied with muscle numbness is felt, a doctor should be immediately consulted.
Although there is no permanent cure for paralysis, it can be controlled through proper treatment. Treatment for paralysis is very similar even if the causes of the condition vary. Doctors generally offer paralysis treatment that aids in the restoration of the brain’s connection to the body. Medications and drugs along with physiotherapy are suggested in case of partial and periodic paralysis. Functional Electrical stimulation is another form of treatment which is also recommended for some individuals.
Paralysis treatment is generally done to deal with symptoms and help regain muscle movement. Medicines and drugs are generally prescribed for a specific type of paralysis. The medicines mostly help patients with paralysis symptoms. For instance, muscle relaxants like baclofen and dantrolene are prescribed to help with spasms and excessive muscle pain.
Physiotherapy also helps paralysis patients to a great extent. Depending on the kind of paralysis, patients undergo physiotherapy therapy sessions where they are made to do different exercises to help regain muscle movement. This type of treatment is slow and requires a lot of effort and strong will. But its results are most effective.
Functional Electrical Stimulation is known to help patients who are suffering from lower leg as well as feet paralysis. This form of treatment uses electrical impulses to restore muscle function. Thus, the affected muscles are stimulated with electric pulses along with a vigorous exercise regime for a stated period of time. Research has shown that this type of treatment is very effective. In fact, patients with zero movements have been able to regain considerable control of their legs after undergoing this treatment, thus allowing them to lead a considerably normal lifestyle.
The eligibility criteria include:
There are no such non-eligibility criteria in case of paralysis treatment.
Pain is a major side effect of paralysis treatment through physiotherapy. Because the physiotherapy session is long and extensive, it can leave a patient exhausted. Undergoing physiotherapy to treat paralysis can be quite laborious and one needs strong will and determination along with support from family and friends to undergo treatment.
During the paralysis treatment and even after it is done a certain type of diet needs to be followed. B complex Vitamins such as niacin, Vitamin B12, and others should be a part of the diet of a paralytic patient. These vitamins improve the functioning of the nervous system. Fatty acids should also be a part of the diet as such food helps reduce inflammation. If the patient is undergoing physiotherapy, the exercises should also be continued as per the doctor’s guidance.
Foods that should be consumed include- beans, bananas, lentils, walnuts, potatoes, oil from pumpkin seeds and flaxseeds.
Paralysis is a condition that is not curable. Thus, the patient may improve but will not be fully cured.
The cost of paralysis treatment can range from anywhere between Rs 7000 to Rs 1 lakh.
No. The results of the treatment are not permanent because the patient may suffer from a relapse even after showing considerable improvement. This is primarily because paralysis is a nervous system problem, the cure, and treatment for which is hard to find.
Ayurvedic and natural treatments for paralysis are available. For instance, Akarkara root mixed with mahau oil and massaged on the affected area can help relax muscles to a great extent.