A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point of time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements
What are the different types of strokes?
There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic attacks. The The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supplyof of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have travelled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen. The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burstor or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage.
What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke?
The symptoms of the brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body.
Who is likely to have a stroke?
Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although ageing is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke.
There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pills, smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.
Treatment for stroke:
What is TPA?
TPA is a thrombolytic or a “Clot Buster” drug. This clot buster is used to break-up the clot that is causing a blockage or disruption in the flow of blood to the brain and helps restore the blood flow to the area of the brain. It is given by intravenous (IV). This can be given only within 45.5 hrs of the onset of symptoms
Time is brain
Remember Every second Loss means brain cells die.
Rush to the nearest Stroke Centre whenever you experience such symptoms.
You can save the brain cells dying if you reach within 45.5 hrs by the CLOT BUSTER.
Another treatment option is an endovascular procedure called mechanical thrombectomy, strongly recommended, in whichtrained trained doctors try removing a large blood clot bysending sending a wired-caged device called a stentretriever, to the site of the blocked blood vessel in the brain
The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It startswith with managing keyrisk risk factors, including
More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control.
The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehabilitation ("rehab"). In stroke rehab, a team of health professionals works with you to regain skills you lost as the result of a stroke.
Paralysis refers to the loss of muscle function in a part of the body. It happens due to an error in the messages passage between the brain and the muscles. Paralysis can be complete or partial in nature and might occur on one or both sides of the body. Most of the times, paralysis occurs due to stroke or an injury but it might also take place as a result of diseases related to nerve, autoimmune diseases or even polio. Now let us briefly look into symptoms and causes of paralysis after which, we will take see how sound therapy can be effective in treating the problem.
Symptoms of Paralysis
The major symptom of paralysis is the inability of a person to move part of his or her body or even being not able to move at all. It can occur suddenly or over a period of time. The problem can even be stop-start in nature. The problem of Paralysis can affect any part of the body, which includes:
1. One arm or leg
2. The hands
3. The face
4. One particular side of the body
5. Both the legs
6. Both arms and legs
Tips on How Sound Therapy Can Help Treat This Problem
Paralysis usually occurs after one has suffered a stroke, which results in the brain getting badly damaged. The brain faces the challenge to develop new paths or re-routing of information to compensate for the damaged area. Under this situation, sound therapy can come to good effect.
1. It is an extremely effective and easy way to help create new paths in the brain and thus re-form vital connections between more distant regions of the brain.
2. The complex, multiple layers of harmonic and melodic information within the classical music helps to stimulate many parts of the brain.
3. Thus sound helps to create a form as well as structure to assist with the different forms of sensory processing.
4. Sound Therapy also helps in improving the integration of the cerebellum, which is an area near the stem of the brain and controls a number of automatic functions along with overall sensory and motor integration.
5. The filtering which results in the sudden burst of high-frequency sound assists in stimulating increased firing of neurons.
6. When neuron fires, it sends a message to other neurons in chemical as well as in electrical form. The process of firing off a message also creates new inter-neuronal connections known as dendrites.
7. This goes to show that Sound Therapy can build new brain connections, thus increase the neural network.
Paralysis can be concluded as the state when the muscles lose functioning in any part of the body. Any kind of disruption in our nerve system can be responsible enough to cause paralysis. Our central nervous system and peripheral nervous system communicate and control our senses of movement. But interruption in nerve impulses can cause weakness in muscles which leads to muscle paralysis.
A paralysed patient will encounter symptoms like:
When it comes to treating a paralysis patient, physiotherapy is proven to be the best remedy. Physiotherapy has thoroughly helped patients with paralysis in getting to feel confident and independent. Physiotherapy includes various exercises and techniques which are developed with time in order to provide a complete rehabilitation to the patients.
Types of paralysis:
There are mainly four types of paralysis
These are the benefits of physiotherapy which help the paralyzed limbs getting stronger and better. But it is always advised to be done under a professional physiotherapist.
As children, you have probably learnt that paralysis is complete inability to move, sense, touch or control other bodily sensations. But little did we know that paralysis comes in many forms depending on the extent to which a person is immobilized. So, what is the difference between partial and total paralysis?
What is Total Paralysis?
Whether temporary or permanent, paralysis is the inability to move part of the body due to nerve damage. However it does not mean that people with total paralysis cannot move any parts of the body – they can still use their faces and necks. The extensive form of paralysis is typically referred to as quadriplegia, which involves diminished or absence of movement in the trunk, arms, legs, hands and feet. Some common symptoms of total paralysis are as follows:
What is partial paralysis?
A smaller portion of the body is affected by partial paralysis. One of the most common types of partial paralysis is Paraplegia that occurs below the waist. If affects both the legs, hips and other functions. Other forms of partial paralysis can be Monoplegia where a single area like one limb gets affected and Hemiplegia where parts of the body on the same side get affected. Some common symptoms of partial paralysis are as follows:
How to Predict the type of paralysis?
The location of the injury or site of nerve damage will usually determine the type of paralysis. Damages in the cervical spinal cord almost inevitably lead to total paralysis associated with quadriplegia. The higher the injury is located, the more extensive the paralysis will be. Lower injuries commonly lead to partial paralysis. The prognosis is generally much better with this type of paralysis. With proper care and therapy, individuals may experience intermittent difficulties with movement and can regain.
Can paralysis be treated?
Whether it is total paralysis or partial paralysis, the positive prognosis is certainly possible, given the condition of the patient and other factors. Physical therapy involves teaching the brain and spinal cord to work around the damage and also aid neuron healing over time. Paralysis can be classified under a number of ways and the most basic classification is that of partial or complete paralysis. Talk to your doctor to understand what type of paralysis you have and adopt a positive outlook to help you towards recovery.
A spinal cord injury is a damage to the spinal cord. It’s an extremely serious type of physical trauma that’s likely to have a lasting and significant impact on most aspects of daily life.
The spinal cord is responsible for sending messages from the brain to all parts of the body. It also sends messages from the body to the brain. We are able to perceive pain and move our limbs because of messages sent through the spinal cord.
If the spinal cord sustains an injury, some or all of these impulses may not be able to ‘get through’. The result is a complete or total loss of sensation and mobility below the injury. A spinal cord injury closer to the neck will typically cause paralysis throughout a larger part of the body than one in the lower back area.
A spinal cord injury is often the result of an unpredictable accident or violent event. The following can all result in damage to the spinal cord:
Some symptoms of a spinal cord injury include:
If you suspect that someone has a back or neck injury:
Because spinal cord injuries are often due to unpredictable events, the best you can do is reduce your risk.
Some risk-reducing measures include:
If the stroke has affected the part of your brain that controls movement, one may have weakness or paralysis on one side of your body or problems with moving and doing your everyday activities.
The process of physiotherapy should resume as soon as the patient is stabilized
Symptoms like muscle spasms, balance problems, and joint pain. This guide explains some of the ways that physiotherapy can helps recovery.
Strength training - There is evidence that strength training improves function without increasing tone or pain in individuals with stroke.
Voluntary control development terms (" voluntary" and" involuntary" apply to the human nervous system and its control over muscles) is the major work of a physiotherapist and its done through different techniques of neuro physiotherapy
Orthotics - Basic splinting at night time to prevent contracture in initial stage helps.
Long-term use of static orthoses requires complimentary appropriate treatment, to prevent clenched fist.
Gaming - Goal orientated computer gaming has proven to significantly reduce upper limb impairment in stroke patients.
Virtual reality - Virtual reality training has been shown to be effective in restoring motor impairments and motor-related functional abilities
Mirror therapy - Mirror therapy has been shown to have a beneficial effect on motor control and function compared with conventional therapy
Robot-assisted therapy - Has been shown to have a beneficial effect on motor recovery.
Today’s lifestyle is full of stress, long commuting hours, staying back in office to meet that deadline. All this can lead to musculoskeletal problems. These top physiotherapist in Gurgaon, can help you with determining any kind of musculoskeletal problems as well as treatment. They can help you with the simplest of thing like posture correction to post surgery physio like in case of knee or hip replacement. They also help in treating as well as the training required for sports. Below is the list of Top 10 Physiotherapist in Gurgaon, you can refer in case you are suffering from any kind of muscle or joint injury, pain or discomfort.
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. Deep has 21 years of practice and runs his own clinic as Arya Physiotherapy Clinic, Gurgaon. His clinics are very well equipped with high facilities and world class technology. His areas of specialization are general, orthopedic, neurology, geriatric, sports injuries and joint pain.
BPTh/BPT, MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, Post Graduate Diploma In Ergonomics (PGDHSC - Ergonomics), MBA - Hospital Management
Consultation fees: ₹500-600
Dr. Rajesh Pal has 18 years of experience at PAL Physiotherapy and GNH Hospital, Gurgaon. He is a trusted physiotherapist and a trusted name in Gurgaon. His areas of specialisation are backache related disorders and sport injuries.
B.P.T, M.P.T(ORTHO), Certification In Gym Instructor & Prenatal & Post Natal
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. Ranjana is known for her hardwork and dedication for her patients. She has 16 years of experience and currently practices at Physioslimfit Wellness Centre.. Her areas of expertise are trauma injury, paralytic care, parkinson's disease and treating rheumatoid arthritis. She also specializes in Pain management, Aerobics, Gym Instruction and pre- post natal exercise.
BPT, Master of Hospital Administration
Consultation fees: ₹400-500
Dr. Sachin has 20 years of experience and is amongst the leading physiotherapist in Gurgaon. He is currently associated with Neurortho Physiotherapy Clinic, Gurgaon. He actively participates in various medical camps and specialises in dealing with back pain related issues like- slip disc and cervical spondylosis. He also take sessions on postural training and frozen shoulder in different corporate offices.
BPT, MPT- Ortho
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. Tyagi has around 9 years of experience in treating various types of musculoskeletal pain, orthopaedic and neurological conditions. He also treats sports injuries, geriatric care and rehabilitation. He is currently working as a HOD of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation in Anahat Multispeciality Hospital, Gurgaon and was previously associated with some of the reputed hospitals like Brij Medical Center, Nu Tech Mediworld and Qi Spine.
BPTh/BPT, MPT - Physiotherapy
Consultation fees: ₹900
Dr. Pallavi Jain has 7 years of experience as a physiotherapist in Gurgaon. She currently practices at W Pratiksha Hospital. Other than being a physiotherapist, she is a certified Mat Pilates Level 1 Instructor. Sh also has hands on experiment on treating cases of trauma injury, paralytic care, parkinson's disease and rheumatoid arthritis.
Antenatal and Postnatal Fitness Instructor, CSPT, BPTh/BPT, Certification in Lactation
Consultation fees: ₹400 - 600
Dr. Yogyata Gandhi is a consultant physiotherapist who is associated with paras hospital Gurgaon. She has 10 years of experience in this field and specialises as sports and musculoskeletal physiotherapist and antenatal physiotherapist. She is a certified pregnancy yoga and fitness expert and runs her own prenatal yoga classes in association with gynecologists.
Consultation fees: ₹200
Dr. Geyata is a well known physiotherapist, with 9 years of experience and practices at Dr. Geyata Shrivastava clinic. Her clinic is known for using the best and latest technology in machines for treating any pain and bone related ailments. Areas of specialization are general, orthopedic, neurology, geriatric, sports injuries and joint pain.
Consultation fees: ₹600
Dr. Neha is currently affiliated with Mayom Hospital, Gurgaon. She has 11 years of experience as physiotherapist. She is expert in treating some very rare critical and challenging cases. She is a certified Kinesio Taping Therapist, qualified Mulligan mobilization practitioner and Thera Band Trainer. Her rares of experiment are treatment of Orthopedic, Post-Surgical, Neurological, Pediatric, Gynecological, Cardiopulmonary, Sports Physiotherapy, Lifestyle and Obesity conditions.
MPTh/MPT - Neurological Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT
Consultation fees: ₹500
Dr. Neetu other than being a physiotherapist, she is a certified in different procedures like clinical dry needling, workplace ergonomics, kinesio taping (CKTT), mulligans manual mobilization therapist, cupping and manual therapy and pilates. Her areas of interest are treating cases with low back pain, knee pain and neck pain, antenatal and postnatal cases, ACL Reconstruction Rehabilitation, Paralysis, Neuro Physiotherapy and Sports Injury.
The temporary inability to move one’s own limbs or speak is known as paralysis. Paralysis is triggered by problems with the body’s nervous system and affects the functioning of muscles all over the body. This condition can affect a single limb, the right or left side of the body, or the complete body. A paralytic attack is often caused by a stroke or damage in the nervous system. It can also be caused by exposure to radiation or toxins, autoimmune diseases, tumours and spinal cord trauma. Recovery from a paralytic attack depends on the causes and the extent of the injury that triggered it. With some types of paralysis, partial or even complete, recovery is possible.
The main symptom of paralysis is the inability to move part of your body, or not being able to move at all. It can start suddenly or gradually. Sometimes it comes and goes. Paralysis can affect any part of the body, including:
The affected part of the your body may also be:
Ayurveda is an alternative system of medicine that can be quite effective when it comes to treating paralysis. Ayurveda has negligible side effects and hence can be used to treat adults and children alike. This system of medication does not look only at the physical symptoms but also the mental and spiritual well-being of the patient as well.
Some ways to treat paralysis with Ayurveda are as follows:
Paralysis is a chronic medical disease characterized by a loss of muscle function in the body accompanied by sensory loss. The patient is unable to control the paralysed muscle consciously. Most common causes of injury are stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury and head injury. There are 4 types of paralysis and the effect may be complete or partial. The effect may be confined to only one space or multiple areas; and it may affect one or both sides of the body. Paralysis, on one hand, can be brief and may last for a short time; if not, it can be long term or permanent too.
Physiotherapy is a health care profession wherein diseases are assessed, diagnosed and treated via exercise. It is also used to prevent a particular disability or disease. Science has yet to discover a cure for paralysis but the aim of physiotherapy is to make the patient as independent as possible. Depending on the affected area and the extent of paralysis, physiotherapy is started. Doctors recommend physiotherapy for paralysis for the following reasons
A spinal cord is a narrow, tubular bundle of nerves which starts from the medulla oblongata and runs down the middle of your back. It protrudes from the brain and helps support the entire body. Any injury to the spinal cord should be treated with a lot of care and patience. Spinal cord injuries often change the person’s metabolism significantly. You need to be very careful of the calories you take in after a spinal injury, in order to make sure that your eating habits don’t give way to more serious medical conditions. Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for individuals who have a spinal cord injury.
High Sodium containing Foods
A person who is suffering from paraplegia or quadriplegia should restrict their sodium intake to 500 to 1,000 mg daily, as suggested by experts. Intake of excess sodium can raise your blood pressure level which may eventually result in a heart disease or a stroke. Keeping a check on your daily sodium intake, therefore, becomes a must for patients who suffer from the aforementioned spinal cord injuries.
Foods and Beverages with Sugar
Any food item which contains a large amount of sugar in it is an absolute no for patients who have a spinal cord injury. Any individual with SCI should avoid food items which have a large amount of sugar in it. Sugary beverages are also to be avoided. Sodas, candies, cookies among other sugary food items should be consumed only once in a while as they do not have any benefits and nutritional value.
Alcohol is that one vice which should be strictly avoided. This empty calorie beverage has a number of side effects which can be a setback for recovering patients. The consumption of alcohol should be limited, as the intake for women should stick to one beverage and for men, it can be two drinks a day, as suggested by doctors.
A person who is a patient of a spinal cord injury has to be extra careful about his/her calorie intake. This is why patients cannot afford to eat fast foods as these food items usually have around 1200 calories in a single meal, according to the Spinal Cord Injury Network. An SCI patient needs to consume at least 10% lesser calories than an average healthy person. Patients need to avoid food with excess fat, cholesterol, and sodium in order to recover faster.