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Paralysis Tips

Stroke - Its Treatment With Physiotherapy!

Dr. Aparna Pradhan 90% (111 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, MPT
Physiotherapist, Pune
Stroke - Its Treatment With Physiotherapy!

If the stroke has affected the part of your brain that controls movement, one may have weakness or paralysis on one side of your body or problems with moving and doing your everyday activities.

The process of physiotherapy should resume as soon as the patient is stabilized

Symptoms like muscle spasms, balance problems, and joint pain. This guide explains some of the ways that physiotherapy can helps recovery. 

Treatment techniques:

Strength training - There is evidence that strength training improves function without increasing tone or pain in individuals with stroke.

Voluntary control development terms (" voluntary" and" involuntary" apply to the human nervous system and its control over muscles) is the major work of a physiotherapist and its done through different techniques of neuro physiotherapy

Orthotics - Basic splinting at night time to prevent contracture in initial stage helps.
 Long-term use of static orthoses requires complimentary appropriate treatment, to prevent clenched fist.

Gaming - Goal orientated computer gaming has proven to significantly reduce upper limb impairment in stroke patients. 

Virtual reality - Virtual reality training has been shown to be effective in restoring motor impairments and motor-related functional abilities

Mirror therapy - Mirror therapy has been shown to have a beneficial effect on motor control and function compared with conventional therapy

Robot-assisted therapy - Has been shown to have a beneficial effect on motor recovery.

Top Physiotherapists in Gurgaon

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri

Today’s lifestyle is full of stress, long commuting hours, staying back in office to meet that deadline. All this can lead to musculoskeletal problems. These top physiotherapist in Gurgaon, can help you with determining any kind of musculoskeletal problems as well as treatment. They can help you with the simplest of thing like posture correction to post surgery physio like in case of knee or hip replacement. They also help in treating as well as the training required for sports. Below is the list of Top 10 Physiotherapist in Gurgaon, you can refer in case you are suffering from any kind of muscle or joint injury, pain or discomfort. 

1. Dr. Deep Arya

BPT

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr. Deep has 21 years of practice and runs his own clinic as Arya Physiotherapy Clinic, Gurgaon. His clinics are very well equipped with high facilities and world class technology. His areas of specialization are general, orthopedic, neurology, geriatric, sports injuries and joint pain.

2. Dr. Rajesh Pal (PT)

BPTh/BPT, MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy, Post Graduate Diploma In Ergonomics (PGDHSC - Ergonomics), MBA - Hospital Management

Consultation fees: ₹500-600

Dr. Rajesh Pal has 18 years of experience at  PAL Physiotherapy and GNH Hospital, Gurgaon. He is a trusted physiotherapist and a trusted name in Gurgaon. His areas of specialisation are backache related disorders and sport injuries. 

3. Dr. Ranjana Arora

B.P.T, M.P.T(ORTHO), Certification In Gym Instructor & Prenatal & Post Natal

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr. Ranjana is known for her hardwork and dedication for her patients. She has 16 years of experience and currently practices at Physioslimfit Wellness Centre.. Her areas of expertise are trauma injury, paralytic care, parkinson's disease and treating rheumatoid arthritis. She also specializes in Pain management, Aerobics,  Gym Instruction and pre- post natal exercise.

4. Dr. Sachin Singh

BPT, Master of Hospital Administration

Consultation fees: ₹400-500

Dr. Sachin has 20 years of experience and is amongst the leading physiotherapist in Gurgaon. He is currently associated with Neurortho Physiotherapy Clinic, Gurgaon. He actively participates in various medical camps and specialises in dealing with back pain related issues like-  slip disc and cervical spondylosis. He also take sessions on postural training and frozen shoulder in different corporate offices.

5. Dr. Gaurav Tyagi

BPT, MPT- Ortho

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr. Tyagi has around 9 years of experience in treating various types of musculoskeletal pain, orthopaedic and neurological conditions. He also treats sports injuries, geriatric care and rehabilitation. He is currently working as a HOD of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation in Anahat Multispeciality Hospital, Gurgaon and was previously associated with some of the reputed hospitals like Brij Medical Center, Nu Tech Mediworld and Qi Spine.

6. Dr. Pallavi Jain

BPTh/BPT, MPT - Physiotherapy

Consultation fees: ₹900

Dr. Pallavi Jain has 7 years of experience as a physiotherapist in Gurgaon. She currently practices at W Pratiksha Hospital. Other than being a physiotherapist, she is a certified Mat Pilates Level 1 Instructor. Sh also has hands on experiment on treating cases of  trauma injury, paralytic care, parkinson's disease and rheumatoid arthritis.

7. Dr. Yogyata Gandhi (PT)

Antenatal and Postnatal Fitness Instructor, CSPT, BPTh/BPT, Certification in Lactation

Consultation fees: ₹400 - 600

Dr. Yogyata Gandhi is a consultant physiotherapist who is associated with paras hospital Gurgaon. She has 10 years of experience in this field and specialises as sports and musculoskeletal physiotherapist and antenatal physiotherapist.  She is a certified pregnancy yoga and fitness expert and runs her own prenatal yoga classes in association with gynecologists.

8. Dr. Geyata Shrivastava

BPTh/BPT

Consultation fees: ₹200

Dr. Geyata is a well known physiotherapist, with  9 years of experience and practices at Dr. Geyata Shrivastava clinic. Her clinic is known for using the best and latest technology in machines for treating any pain and bone related ailments. Areas of specialization are general, orthopedic, neurology, geriatric, sports injuries and joint pain.

9. Dr. Neha Mittal

MPTh/MPT

Consultation fees: ₹600

Dr. Neha is currently affiliated with Mayom Hospital, Gurgaon. She has 11 years of experience as  physiotherapist. She is expert in treating some very rare critical and challenging cases. She is a certified Kinesio Taping Therapist, qualified Mulligan mobilization practitioner and Thera Band Trainer. Her rares of experiment are treatment of Orthopedic, Post-Surgical, Neurological, Pediatric, Gynecological, Cardiopulmonary, Sports Physiotherapy, Lifestyle and Obesity conditions.

10. Dr. Neetu Rathi (PT)

MPTh/MPT - Neurological Physiotherapy, BPTh/BPT

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr. Neetu other than being a physiotherapist, she is a certified in different procedures like clinical dry needling, workplace ergonomics, kinesio taping (CKTT), mulligans manual mobilization therapist, cupping and manual therapy and pilates. Her areas of interest are treating cases with low back pain, knee pain and neck pain, antenatal and postnatal cases, ACL Reconstruction Rehabilitation, Paralysis, Neuro Physiotherapy and Sports Injury.

Paralysis - The Ayurvedic Approach For It!

Dr. Jaiminikumar S Rasane 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Diploma in Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS)
Ayurveda, Pune
Paralysis - The Ayurvedic Approach For It!

The temporary inability to move one’s own limbs or speak is known as paralysis. Paralysis is triggered by problems with the body’s nervous system and affects the functioning of muscles all over the body. This condition can affect a single limb, the right or left side of the body, or the complete body. A paralytic attack is often caused by a stroke or damage in the nervous system. It can also be caused by exposure to radiation or toxins, autoimmune diseases, tumours and spinal cord trauma. Recovery from a paralytic attack depends on the causes and the extent of the injury that triggered it. With some types of paralysis, partial or even complete, recovery is possible.

Symptoms-
The main symptom of paralysis is the inability to move part of your body, or not being able to move at all. It can start suddenly or gradually. Sometimes it comes and goes. Paralysis can affect any part of the body, including:

  • the face
  • the hands
  • one arm or leg (monoplegia)
  • one side of the body (hemiplegia)
  • both legs (paraplegia)
  • both arms and legs (tetraplegia or quadriplegia)

The affected part of the your body may also be:

  • stiff (spastic paralysis), with occasional muscle spasms
  • floppy (flaccid paralysis)
  • numb, painful or tingly

Ayurveda is an alternative system of medicine that can be quite effective when it comes to treating paralysis. Ayurveda has negligible side effects and hence can be used to treat adults and children alike. This system of medication does not look only at the physical symptoms but also the mental and spiritual well-being of the patient as well.

Some ways to treat paralysis with Ayurveda are as follows:

  1. Vata-pacifying dietEat light meals that are easily digestible and pick warm foods over cold food. Avoid barley, rye and millet and include plenty of vegetables like asparagus, beets, okra and carrots in your diet. Also avoid bitter and pungent flavours, but pick food that is sweet, sour or salty to balance the body’s vata.
  2. Ayurvedic massageWarm herbal oils are sued for Ayurvedic massages. These oils and the action of massaging them into the skin have a number of health benefits associated with it, including the treatment of paralytic attacks. Some Ayurvedic massages that could be beneficial to paralysed patients are abhyanga Ayurvedic massages, padabhyanga and pizhichil.
  3. Medication: Along with lifestyle changes, Ayurvedic medication also plays a role in the treatment of paralysis. Some popular Ayurvedic remedies for paralysis are rasnadi quath, medicated castor oil, pippali mula, vatavidhwamsana rasa, chopcheeni churna, ashwagandha churna, brihat vatachintamani rasa, ashwagandha churna and rasaraja. While some of these medicines are to be taken orally, others may need to be administered through the nostrils as part of nasyam Ayurvedic treatments and others via an enema as part of sneha vasti. Drinking 20–40 ml of radish oil twice a day and a mixture of black pepper powder, sunti and honey is also said to be beneficial in treating paralysis. However, one must keep in mind that recovery from paralysis is very slow and hence patience is a must.
3299 people found this helpful

Paralysis - How Physiotherapy Can Be Helpful?

Dr. Adithya 88% (17 ratings)
MPTH/MPT - Sports Physiotherapy, BPTH/BPT
Physiotherapist, Hyderabad
Paralysis - How Physiotherapy Can Be Helpful?

Paralysis is a chronic medical disease characterized by a loss of muscle function in the body accompanied by sensory loss. The patient is unable to control the paralysed muscle consciously. Most common causes of injury are stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury and head injury.  There are 4 types of paralysis and the effect may be complete or partial. The effect may be confined to only one space or multiple areas; and it may affect one or both sides of the body. Paralysis, on one hand, can be brief and may last for a short time; if not, it can be long term or permanent too. 

Physiotherapy is a health care profession wherein diseases are assessed, diagnosed and treated via exercise. It is also used to prevent a particular disability or disease. Science has yet to discover a cure for paralysis but the aim of physiotherapy is to make the patient as independent as possible. Depending on the affected area and the extent of paralysis, physiotherapy is started. Doctors recommend physiotherapy for paralysis for the following reasons

  1. Physiotherapy should be started immediately because it improves blood circulation and relaxes the affected muscles. It can also inhibit the advancement of paralysis and develop muscle tone and the general well-being of the patient.
  2. If the brain has suffered a severe external injury, physiotherapy assists in reducing the swelling and fastens the recovery process.
  3. It aims at making the patient mobile and fully functioning.
  4. Physiotherapy focuses on the maintenance of respiratory function.
  5. Prevents pressure sores and contracture.
  6. The physiotherapist sometimes works on unaffected muscles to compensate for the paralysed ones. Physiotherapy maintains and builds muscular strength in the affected areas. This action prevents deformation of limbs.
  7. Physiotherapy training helps in managing paralyzed bladder and bowel movements.
  8. Physiotherapy helps in building the morale of the patient and motivates the patient to be independent.
  9. A side effect of Paralysis is post-traumatic depression that includes anxiety, denial hostility. The patient is often angry which may worsen his condition. Physiotherapy helps in controlling these feelings and gives the patient hope.
  10. A physiotherapist suggests adaptive and modern equipment such as a splint, orthosis, braces as well as a cane for the disabled person depending on severity of the condition.

Food Categories Which Should Be Avoided By Patients Suffering From A Spinal Cord Injury!

Dr. Sankalp Mohan 89% (98 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellow In Pain Management, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Delhi
Food Categories Which Should Be Avoided By Patients Suffering From A Spinal Cord Injury!

A spinal cord is a narrow, tubular bundle of nerves which starts from the medulla oblongata and runs down the middle of your back. It protrudes from the brain and helps support the entire body. Any injury to the spinal cord should be treated with a lot of care and patience. Spinal cord injuries often change the person’s metabolism significantly. You need to be very careful of the calories you take in after a spinal injury, in order to make sure that your eating habits don’t give way to more serious medical conditions. Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for individuals who have a spinal cord injury.

High Sodium containing Foods
A person who is suffering from paraplegia or quadriplegia should restrict their sodium intake to 500 to 1,000 mg daily, as suggested by experts. Intake of excess sodium can raise your blood pressure level which may eventually result in a heart disease or a stroke. Keeping a check on your daily sodium intake, therefore, becomes a must for patients who suffer from the aforementioned spinal cord injuries.

Foods and Beverages with Sugar

Any food item which contains a large amount of sugar in it is an absolute no for patients who have a spinal cord injury. Any individual with SCI should avoid food items which have a large amount of sugar in it. Sugary beverages are also to be avoided. Sodas, candies, cookies among other sugary food items should be consumed only once in a while as they do not have any benefits and nutritional value.

Alcohol
Alcohol is that one vice which should be strictly avoided. This empty calorie beverage has a number of side effects which can be a setback for recovering patients. The consumption of alcohol should be limited, as the intake for women should stick to one beverage and for men, it can be two drinks a day, as suggested by doctors.

Fast Foods
A person who is a patient of a spinal cord injury has to be extra careful about his/her calorie intake. This is why patients cannot afford to eat fast foods as these food items usually have around 1200 calories in a single meal, according to the Spinal Cord Injury Network. An SCI patient needs to consume at least 10% lesser calories than an average healthy person. Patients need to avoid food with excess fat, cholesterol, and sodium in order to recover faster.

3170 people found this helpful

Paralysis - How Physiotherapy Is Ideal For Treating It?

Dr. Kapilchand Narra 90% (21 ratings)
B.P.T, M.P.T
Physiotherapist, Hyderabad
Paralysis - How Physiotherapy Is Ideal For Treating It?

Physiotherapy can greatly help a patient of paralysis by making him/her independent to the maximum extent. Physiotherapy also plays an important role in negating potential complications after a paralysis. Although the process of rehabilitation can take time, it produces significantly encouraging result for a patient to continue with it until full recovery. The recovery depends on the type of paralysis a person has undergone. Notably, there are four types of paralysis:

  1. Hemiplegia

  2. Quadriplegia

  3. Paraplegia

  4. Monoplegia

Role of Physiotherapy-

The process of physiotherapy should resume as soon as the patient is stabilized. It not only helps in relaxing muscles, but also helps in smooth blood circulation. Long-term therapy can ensure muscle tone and overall well-being of an individual.

In the case of an external injury related to the brain, physiotherapy can speed up the recovery and reduce swelling to a significant extent. Some of the benefits are-

  1. Physiotherapy can help a person regain the highest possible mobility.

  2. Physiotherapy can increase the respiratory function of a person.

  3. It helps the person in bringing down blood pressure and contracture.

  4. A physiotherapist also focuses on unaffected area and works on them to ensure that the unaffected part of the body, in no way, loses mobility and retains the natural strength.

  5. Physiotherapy also helps to manage a paralyzed bladder.

  6. A physiotherapist suggests proper wheelchair, splint, braces, orthosis etc. These help a person to reintegrate quickly after the paralysis.

  7. Physiotherapy lifts the morale and motivation of a patient by addressing post-traumatic experiences such as denial, anxiety, hostility, depression and anger.

  8. It also serves as a perfect guide for the family of the patient.

Exercises that a Physiotherapist Suggests-

  1. Aerobic Exercise: This is a set of physical exercises that lets the muscle tissues exchange oxygen at a rapid rate. The goal is to enhance the function of the motor neuron and the aerobic capacity of a patient. Support straps and gain belts might be required for a patient to stand on feet. A handrail helps to walk during this phase.

  2. Physical Conditioning: Balance, stability, and coordination is the motive of any physical program for a paralyzed individual. Passive or active motion exercises help an individual to regain function of the limbs. Passive exercise also helps to regain strength. A physiotherapist rotates the thumb of a patient in such a way that the back of his hand faces forward.

  3. Leg Rotations: One common exercise that is tried by a physiotherapist is to make the patient lie down on a mat with his/her legs straightened. Supporting the knee joint and the ankle, the right leg is moved outward and pulled backward. This is again repeated with the other leg.
4908 people found this helpful

How Physiotherapy Can Help Manage Facial Paralysis?

Dr. Varun Shanbhag 86% (10 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, Bachelor In TCM, DTCM
Physiotherapist, Mumbai
How Physiotherapy Can Help Manage Facial Paralysis?

Facial paralysis can happen due to many factors. Sometimes inflammation develops around the facial nerve as it passes through the skull from the brain. This presses on the nerve and makes it stop functioning. As the nerve stops functioning, so does the muscle it controls.

This is what happens in Bell’s palsy, the most common cause of facial paralysis.

Bell’s palsy can happen to anyone and its cause is, hold your breath, a viral infection. Herpes zoster, Varicella zoster and HIV viruses can cause Bell’s palsy.

Bell's palsy is a common cause of a facial paralysis but there are many others too that affect or damage facial nerve. These include head injury, sarcoidosis, lyme disease, growths in the ear, tumours in the parotid gland, brain tumours and stroke.

The weakness of the face usually one-sided is a symptom of Bell’s palsy. The face may droop to one side, chewing food is also tough, drooling, dry eyes and difficulty wrinkling forehead and speech are other symptoms of Bell’s palsy, the most common reason for facial paralysis.

Treatment:

The type of therapy you receive for facial paralysis will depend on its cause. It will also develop on how long you’ve suffered from facial paralysis and the extent of damage to the facial nerve.

Your physiotherapist can help and so can speech and language therapists to deal with the issue.

In physiotherapy, a treatment called 'facial retraining' with facial exercises helps with facial palsy. It is important that you seek help from a therapist who specialises in facial rehabilitation only.

This is what you can expect from facial rehabilitation therapy-

  1. Exercises for eye care

  2. Exercises for dry mouth management

  3. Exercises to make drinking and eating easier

  4. Speech therapy

Your physiotherapist will educate you on how the facial nerve works and how it recovers. This is important to make you recover. A home therapy programme plays an important role too. It includes massages to keep face muscles mobile and healthy, stretches to lengthen muscles, exercises to help re-learn balanced facial movements and relaxation of your facial nerve and muscles.

The physiotherapist will work on your facial movement to make muscles fit. The basic idea is to slowly rewire the brain-to-nerve-to-muscle pathway. The physiotherapist’s first step is to retrain you to do correct movements voluntarily, while mentally focusing on the movement.

Physiotherapy may take months but keep at it to recover completely, especially the home exercises.

Injections of botulinum toxin or Botox also help especially if you suffer from spasms in facial muscles. Surgery is also an option for chronic cases.

Remember that exercises should be done gently as well as daily to reap benefits. Always do these exercises with the help of a therapist only. Doing exercises by yourself can be counter- productive.

5594 people found this helpful

Cerebral Palsy - Know Its Symptoms and Effects!

Dr. Atul Kumar Garg 85% (12 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty, Advanced Life trauma Support, Diploma In Sports Injuries
Orthopedist, Delhi
Cerebral Palsy - Know Its Symptoms and Effects!

Lack of oxygen to the brain that occurs during, before or shortly after the birth of a child results in the disorder of movement, which is referred to as cerebral palsy. It is regarded as a common childhood disability that makes the movement of certain parts of the body very difficult. There are different categories of cerebral palsy and each of them has different characteristics and symptoms. The disorder of movement includes jerky and stiff movements such as spastic cerebral palsy. It may also lead to movements that are uncoordinated such as athetoid cerebral palsy. These include athetoid-dyskinetic, hypotonic, spastic and ataxic.

Effects of Cerebral palsy
In some, the disorder of movement is very severe and the patient is restrained to a wheelchair. In cases where movement is limited, it could be a slight limp in the arms or hands. The disorder cannot be considered as lack of intelligence or mental disability. The condition requires the medical diagnosis for treatment, but it cannot be cured. The involuntary and voluntary movements of the body are affected to a great extent due to the damage to the brain. The condition is not contagious and it also does not affect the cognitive ability of a child. In some cases the symptoms reduce over time. Further, since it is not progressive, it does not worsen with an increase in age. The lifespan of these individuals is also normal. The damage to the cerebrum can be caused during the birth of the infant or within 5 years of their birth.

Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy
The main symptoms that an infant with cerebral palsy can have include movement and muscular problems. The muscles of the child are underdeveloped, which leads to floppy and stiff movements. The child suffers from poor coordination and his movements of writing are also very slow. The stiff muscles of the body contract abnormally and this condition is also referred to as spastic paralysis.

The other signs are the infant would crawl in an unusual way and would lie down in awkward positions. The range of movements in these children is very limited and they often they suffer from eyesight and hearing problems. They have problems controlling their bladder and bowel movements, in swallowing food and even in walking.

Reasons Behind Its Occurrence
The three possible reasons behind the occurrence of Cerebral palsy include PVL or Periventricular leukomalacia, abnormal development of the brain and due to intracranial damage. The Periventricular leukomalacia mainly affects the white matter of the brain due to lack of oxygen in the womb. Mothers who suffer from low blood pressure, use illegal drugs or contract infections such as German measles are prone to this condition of lack of oxygen. Lack of oxygen to the brain can also be caused because of preterm delivery. There is also a higher risk of cerebral palsy due to a damaged placenta and multiple births. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4551 people found this helpful

Why Physiotherapy Is Good For Facial Paralysis?

Dr. Ranjana Arora 87% (217 ratings)
B.P.T, M.P.T(ORTHO), Certification In Gym Instructor & Prenatal & Post Natal
Physiotherapist, Gurgaon
Why Physiotherapy Is Good For Facial Paralysis?

Facial paralysis can happen due to many factors. Sometimes inflammation develops around the facial nerve as it passes through the skull from the brain. This presses on the nerve and makes it stop functioning. As the nerve stops functioning, so does the muscle it controls.

This is what happens in Bell’s palsy, the most common cause of facial paralysis. Bell’s palsy can happen to anyone and its cause is, hold your breath, a viral infection. Herpes zoster, Varicella zoster and HIV viruses can cause Bell’s palsy. Bell's palsy is a common cause of a facial paralysis but there are many others too that affect or damage facial nerve. These include head injury, sarcoidosis, lyme disease, growths in the ear, tumours in the parotid gland, brain tumours and stroke.

The weakness of the face usually one-sided is a symptom of Bell’s palsy. The face may droop to one side, chewing food is also tough, drooling, dry eyes and difficulty wrinkling forehead and speech are other symptoms of Bell’s palsy, the most common reason for facial paralysis.

Treatment:

The type of therapy you receive for facial paralysis will depend on its cause. It will also develop on how long you’ve suffered from facial paralysis and the extent of damage to the facial nerve.

Your physiotherapist can help and so can speech and language therapists to deal with the issue.

In physiotherapy, a treatment called 'facial retraining' with facial exercises helps with facial palsy. It is important that you seek help from a therapist who specialises in facial rehabilitation only.

This is what you can expect from facial rehabilitation therapy-

  1. Exercises for eye care

  2. Exercises for dry mouth management

  3. Exercises to make drinking and eating easier

  4. Speech therapy

Your physiotherapist will educate you on how the facial nerve works and how it recovers. This is important to make you recover. A home therapy programme plays an important role too. It includes massages to keep face muscles mobile and healthy, stretches to lengthen muscles, exercises to help re-learn balanced facial movements and relaxation of your facial nerve and muscles.

The physiotherapist will work on your facial movement to make muscles fit. The basic idea is to slowly rewire the brain-to-nerve-to-muscle pathway. The physiotherapist’s first step is to retrain you to do correct movements voluntarily, while mentally focusing on the movement.

Physiotherapy may take months but keep at it to recover completely, especially the home exercises.

Injections of botulinum toxin or Botox also help especially if you suffer from spasms in facial muscles. Surgery is also an option for chronic cases.

Remember that exercises should be done gently as well as daily to reap benefits. Always do these exercises with the help of a therapist only. Doing exercises by yourself can be counter- productive.

3014 people found this helpful

How Physiotherapy Can Help You In Case Of Facial Paralysis?

Dr. Hemant Gaur 89% (46 ratings)
MPT, Mphill
Physiotherapist, Delhi
How Physiotherapy Can Help You In Case Of Facial Paralysis?

Facial paralysis can happen due to many factors. Sometimes inflammation develops around the facial nerve as it passes through the skull from the brain. This presses on the nerve and makes it stop functioning. As the nerve stops functioning, so does the muscle it controls.

This is what happens in Bell’s palsy, the most common cause of facial paralysis.

Bell’s palsy can happen to anyone and its cause is, hold your breath, a viral infection. Herpes zoster, Varicella zoster and HIV viruses can cause Bell’s palsy. It is a common cause of a facial paralysis but there are many others too that affect or damage facial nerve. These include head injury, sarcoidosis, lyme disease, growths in the ear, tumours in the parotid gland, brain tumours and stroke.

The weakness of the face usually one-sided is a symptom of Bell’s palsy. The face may droop to one side, chewing food is also tough, drooling, dry eyes and difficulty wrinkling forehead and speech are other symptoms of Bell’s palsy, the most common reason for facial paralysis.

Treatment:

The type of therapy you receive for facial paralysis will depend on its cause. It will also develop on how long you’ve suffered from facial paralysis and the extent of damage to the facial nerve. Your physiotherapist can help and so can speech and language therapists to deal with the issue. In physiotherapy, a treatment called 'facial retraining' with facial exercises helps with facial palsy. It is important that you seek help from a therapist who specialises in facial rehabilitation only.

This is what you can expect from facial rehabilitation therapy

  1. Exercises for eye care

  2. Exercises for dry mouth management

  3. Exercises to make drinking and eating easier

  4. Speech therapy

Your physiotherapist will educate you on how the facial nerve works and how it recovers. This is important to make you recover. A home therapy programme plays an important role too. It includes massages to keep face muscles mobile and healthy, stretches to lengthen muscles, exercises to help re-learn balanced facial movements and relaxation of your facial nerve and muscles.

The physiotherapist will work on your facial movement to make muscles fit. The basic idea is to slowly rewire the brain-to-nerve-to-muscle pathway. The physiotherapist’s first step is to retrain you to do correct movements voluntarily, while mentally focusing on the movement.

  • Physiotherapy may take months but keep at it to recover completely, especially the home exercises. 
  • Injections of botulinum toxin or Botox also help especially if you suffer from spasms in facial muscles. Surgery is also an option for chronic cases.
  • Remember that exercises should be done gently as well as daily to reap benefits. Always do these exercises with the help of a therapist only. Doing exercises by yourself can be counter- productive.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2941 people found this helpful
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