Many health conscious individuals are turning towards a Ketogenic diet, in order to lose fat. Also known as a Keto diet, it is extremely low in carbs, thus allowing the body to turn into a machine that burns fat. It is great for individuals trying to lose weight and regain health and activeness.
This type of diet has been in existence for a number of years and was first introduced in 1924. Initially the diet was known to effectively treat epilepsy. But as alternative medication became more effective, the diet has since been known to help reduce weight and increase body performance.
This kind of diet is similar to the Atkins diet as well as the low carb high fat diet, but the main difference lies in the fact that while protein restrictions are practiced in case of the Keto diet, protein intake is allowed in case of the other two types.
This type of diet helps in Ketosis. Thus, as an individual adapts to the ketogenic diet, his body tends to reach the required ketone level (tiny fuel molecules produced in the body), which will then help lose weight and improve physical as well as mental health.
Ketones are known to be alternative forms of fuel, which are used by the body when the levels of blood sugar are less. Produced in the liver, these molecules are made from fat. Thus, the body starts using fat to run, resulting in excess fat loss and the consequent weight loss as well.
The Ketogenic diet aids in ‘Ketosis’ that is the production of ketones in the body, which act as an alternative fuel source. As a result of low glucose level, the body uses these ketones to run effectively, in turn burning fat and resulting in weight loss.
In order to begin a Keto diet, it is best that a doctor or a dietician is consulted first. On the basis of various inputs offered by you, your dietician will first calculate the quantity of food that you need to intake. Thus, information like height, weight, gender, age, fat percentage of the body, daily lifestyle, physical activity and reasons for adopting this specific diet are essential before any recommendations are made.
Once the above information is established the dietician will come up with a diet plant that will have to be followed. Depending on the given personal information, your dietician may recommend any of the following 3 types of Keto diet-
Most individuals can opt for this type of diet in order to lose weight. It is especially beneficial for body builders.
This type of diet is great for individuals who have diabetes, especially those diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. But before starting the diet, one has to ensure that he is not on any diabetes medication and is taking in low doses of insulin.
The diet is great for those with blood pressure issues too, but one should consult the doctor before starting the diet.
The diet should be avoided during the period of breast feeding
A Ketogenic diet can lead to dehydration and lower vitamins in the body. Thus, it may lead to side effects like-
A number of individuals want to go back to their normal diet once they have lost considerable weight. One can do so, but weight gain is sure to follow. A Ketogenic diet does not really have any fixed time span. It is a type of diet on which a person can live his entire life.
If one chooses to go back to his normal diet, a dietician should be consulted and a balanced diet should be adopted in order to live a healthy lifestyle.
The effects of the Ketogenic diet may be experienced within a month. If followed properly, it helps in quick weight loss.
Consultation prices for Ketogenic diet plan range from Rs 500- Rs 2500. The cost of the diet generally depends on the type of Keto plan that is recommended.
The diet has to be maintained properly in order to stay healthy and active. If it is not followed properly or discontinue prematurely, weight gain becomes a possibility.
The Atkins Diet and the low-carb high-fat diet (LCHF) may be considered as alternatives. These diets allow more protein intake but have the same results as the Keto diet.type diabetes
June is known as the Brain Tumour Month worldwide. It’s worthwhile to raise public awareness and educate people about brain tumour, a disease which, though is rare is but can be really deadly. More than 500 new cases are diagnosed with brain tumour every day worldwide. The number of patients with secondary tumours are even higher than 500. However, it is common across all ages. A primary brain tumour is a tumour that begins in the brain. It can be either malignant, which means it contains cancer cells or benign i.e. does not contain cancer cells. A secondary or metastatic brain tumour is usually cancerous. It starts elsewhere in the body and sends cancerous cells which grow in the brain.
Here are a few facts that each one of us should know about this dangerous disease
The symptoms of brain tumour depend on the size, type, and location of the brain tumour. Some common symptoms which should not be ignored are-
Brain tumours are diagnosed by the doctor based on the medical history and physical examination along with a slew of specialized tests of the brain and nervous system.
How can you safeguard yourself?
The primary tool to prevent brain tumours is by controlling your lifestyle. This means eating healthy, exercising, avoiding known carcinogens in your environment, and reducing stress.
Talking about the pros first:
From biblical times, it was known that fasting controls seizures. In a study conducted, it was found that 54% of the patients had complete control over seizures and 26% showed a marked decrease in seizures while on a ketogenic diet.
2) Ketosis helps in weight loss:
In one study of over 400 individuals over a period of a year, it was found that low-carbs diet was as effective as low-fat diets in weight loss. In the short term of six months, the individuals on a low carb diet had even lost on a average of 3.3 kgs greater than those on a low fat diet.
Thus, the low carb diet seems to be a good option for weight loss in the short term.
3) For the diabetes and prediabetes treatment:
As discussed before, the ketogenic diet reduces the blood sugar and thus it is an effective option in treatment and control of diabetes.
From one study on type 2 diabetes patients, after following a low-carbs diet, it was found that the insulin sensitivity improved by about 75%.
In another study the patients even reduced or discontinued their diabetes medication. They found that their glucose came under control after following the low carb ketogenic diet.
4) The ketogenic diet protects the brain:
Most of our brain can use ketones as fuel in times of starvation or low carb diet. This can take place as early as after 3 days of a starvation state.
Also, as discussed before, some children can have a condition where the glucose receptors in the brain are disrupted. Thus, getting energy from glucose might become an issue. Here they might go into seizures. Ketogenic diets bypass this mechanism and prevent this condition.
A lot of research also has given rise to possibility of treatment of alzheimer’s and dementia, by inculcating a ketogenic diet.
5) Protecting the heart, to an extent:
As seen earlier, on a high carb diet, excess glucose is stored in the muscles and liver. Additional glucose is stored in the blood. High blood glucose along with inflammation has also been known to damage proteins in arterial cell walls and cause thickening. This escalates plague build up.
Low carb diet like keto diets have been known to reduce the blood glucose levels and thus protect the heart, to a certain extent. This being said, please read the cons part of this article for the full picture on this subject.
6) Prevention of certain types of cancer:
The ketogenic diet has been used in the treatment of certain types of cancer.
Ketocal, which is a new nutritionally balanced high fat/low carbohydrate ketogenic diet was used to study malignant brain tumors. It was found that, in the experimental mouse and human brain tumors, ketocal was effective against the tumors.
7) Help treat acne:
As per one study a ketose diet might even help treat acne.
Where there is good there has to be evil:
So, lets look at the cons:
1) Heart failure is severe ketogenic state:
There are two cases of sudden death due to heart failure, in children on ketogenic diets for the control of seizures. Both cases showed selenium deficiency. Thus, the hearts condition on prolonged keto diet needs to be monitored closely.
In another study, thirteen patients with congestive heart failure (chf) and cardiac patients without chf took part in a study. It was found that in a ketosis-prone state severe chf occurs.
So, basically in patients with a heart condition, the ketogenic diet should be undertaken after consultation with your doctor. Thus, it can be monitored for adverse symptoms.
2) Deficiency in macronutrients:
Now, ketosis can cause macronutrients deficiency if not monitored properly.
3) Various side effects:
When used in the treatment of children with epilepsy, it was found that the side effects include “dehydration, kidney stones and constipation”.
Other side effects that might be apparent with the ketogenic diet are too much water intake, dizziness, nausea, headaches, etc.
If you are on a mission to lose weight, the ketogenic diet or the keto diet is what most nutritionist will recommend. It is a diet that is low in carbohydrates. The idea behind this diet is to deprive the body of carbohydrates so that it produces ketones. The body enters a metabolic pathway, whereby fats stored in the liver are broken down to produce ketone bodies. This process of ketone synthesis is known as Ketogenesis. Thus, in the absence of carbohydrates, the body's energy requirements are met using the ketone bodies, a state referred to as Ketosis.
A person on a ketogenic diet should consume more of;
On a ketogenic diet, one should avoid;
One needs to drink water at regular intervals of time. Physical activities like exercise, jogging, morning walks are a must.
The ketogenic diet should be low in carbohydrates, moderate in proteins and contain high amounts of fats.
Benefits of a Ketogenic diet:
Low in carbohydrates, the ketogenic diet takes care of many ailments and medical conditions.
Weight management: The diet is a blessing for those who are struggling to get rid of the stubborn fats. Deprived of carbohydrates, particularly blood glucose, the fats (in the liver), are broken down to provide the body with ketones (an alternate source of fuel) so that the body can function normally. In doing so, it helps the body get rid of the unwanted fats.
The ketogenic diet is a blessing, but only when recommended by your physician (nutritionist or a dietician).
The word epilepsy brings to mind visions of people frothing at the mouth and rolling on the ground. However, epilepsy affects each patient in a different way. This can make it hard to recognize at times. In the more serious cases of epilepsy, an epileptic attack can make a patient injure himself or develop other life threatening conditions. In rare cases, epilepsy can even cause death. Thus it becomes imperative to understand how to deal with epilepsy.
Treatment options for epilepsy can be categorized as medication, surgical procedures and dietary changes.
1. Medication: Medication for epilepsy is prescribed on the basis of the symptoms presented and the type of epilepsy the patient is suffering from. In most cases, seizures can be controlled with a single type of medication, but in others, the doctor may need to prescribe a combination of medicines to control epilepsy. These forms of medication do have side effects and hence any reactions to the medication must be immediately brought to the doctor's notice. The dosage for epilepsy medication may need to be varied with time. An epileptic patient should never discontinue medication on their own.
2. Surgery: Depending on the type of seizures and the area of the brain affected, a doctor may advise surgery in cases of severe epilepsy. Surgery can help reduce the number of seizures experienced or completely stop them. Surgery to treat epilepsy is of many types. Some of the common procedures are:
3. Dietary changes: A diet rich in fats and low in carbohydrates can help reduce seizures. This is known as a ketogenic diet and aims at making the body break down fats instead of carbohydrates. It can cause a buildup of uric acid in the body and thus should be practiced only under the guidance of a dietician. In cases where epileptic attacks are triggered by malnutrition and birth defects, taking vitamin supplements can help lower the frequency of seizures. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a neurosurgeon.