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Overview

Heat Stroke: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Heat exhaustion, sunstroke, heat prostration, heat hyperpyrexia and insolation.

How is the treatment done?

Heatstroke is a condition where your body gets overheated due to prolonged exposure in high temperatures or physical exertion. Serious heat strokes can occur if the body temperature shoots up to 40 degrees C (104 F) or higher. This condition is very common during the summer season. If you experience a heat stroke, it is important to get an emergency treatment as soon as possible. Heatstroke that goes untreated can damage your muscles, kidneys, heart and brain. The damage can worsen if the treatment is delayed. In severe cases, heat strokes can also lead to death or serious medical conditions. Heat stroke can have symptoms such as, a high body temperature, altered behaviour or mental state, alteration in sweating, vomiting, nausea, flushed skin, rapid breathing, racing heart rate and headache. Heat strokes can have a variety of causes such as exposure to a very hot environment, wearing too much clothing, drinking alcohol, not staying hydrated, etc. Heat strokes are also caused due to extremely strenuous activity. This is because during excessive physical exertion, there is an increase in body temperature.

There are plenty of ways to prevent a heat stroke, some of which include, wearing lightweight clothes (preferably cotton), protecting your skin from a sunburn, drinking a lot of fluids, staying hydrated, avoiding staying outdoors for long hours during summers and preventing excessive strenuous physical activity. If a person experiences a heat stroke, then rehydration is the best treatment to cure it.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

During a heat stroke, our body becomes dehydrated due to a sudden increase in the body temperature. Fluids and electrolytes are loss, so during a heat stroke, lost fluids and electrolytes should be administered in the patient’s body. For children and infants who are dehydrated, heat stroke can be prevented by giving them oral rehydration solutions which contain water and salts. Before the treatment, heat stroke is diagnosed by the doctor on the basis of your physical symptoms. If you are dehydrated, then you will have a low blood pressure, a faster heart rate and a reduced blood flow. Blood tests will be taken to see the level of electrolytes especially potassium and sodium. A urinalysis is also performed to test the degree of dehydration that has affected you. This test is also done to check any symptoms of kidney damage or bladder infection.

For extremely young children, rehydration can be done with the help of a syringe, older children can consume diluted drinks which has more amount of water. Adults who experience moderate dehydration can be given lots of liquids and soft drinks. During a heat stroke, aerated drinks should be avoided as they don’t help much for rehydration, instead coconut water is beneficial. Patients who are severely dehydrated and unconscious should be cured immediately by admitting them to a hospital. In such cases, fluids and salts have to be administered intravenously (through the vein) with the help of an IV drip.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Rehydration is usually done when people suffer from mild to severe heat strokes. A high body temperature, headache, racing heart, rapid breathing, nausea are signs that rehydration is necessary. This form of treatment is suitable for both children as well as adults. If the heat stroke is extremely serious and the patient is unconscious then it is advisable to admit him/her in the hospital where they will be given fluids intravenously.

Are there any side effects?

Rehydration is the best option to treat a heat stroke, however a person might not have to consume fluids directly during a heat stroke. Putting the person in a tub of cool water, wetting a towel and putting it on the person’s head, fanning the person or spraying them with a garden hose is also different forms of rehydration techniques that can be used for mild forms of heat strokes.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

People suffering from a heat stroke are also given oral rehydration therapy which includes giving oral solution to replenish and rehydrate their system. However, you should consult a doctor before this treatment to test for any allergic reaction. This solution should also be avoided if you have any perforation (tear) in the bowel region or any blockage in the intestines. Other than these there are no harmful side effects or complications of rehydration therapy. It is the safest way to treat and prevent heat strokes.

How long does it take to recover?

All organs and cells in the human body need water for normal functioning, however too much rehydration is not healthy. After rehydrating your body by consuming water, your symptoms of a heat stroke will gradually lessen as your body temperature starts to decrease. It is not recommended to drink too much water without proper intervals as it can cause nausea and you might even vomit. So after a heat stroke, you should still use evaporation cooling techniques to bring your body temperature to normal.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

When a person experiences a heat stroke, it is important to give him/her immediate medical attention. After receiving rehydration, the person however comes back to consciousness in a few minutes or hours. It takes very little time for recovery as rehydration is the easiest and fastest way to treat heat strokes.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The price of the treatment is anywhere between Rs.2.75 to Rs.10,000.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The results of this treatment are more or less permanent. However, after rehydration there is no guarantee that one will be immune to the future probability of heat strokes. It is important to take preventive measures to keep your body temperature balanced to avoid heat strokes.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Rs.2.75 - Rs.10,000

Popular Health Tips

High Blood Pressure - 8 Ways You Can Control it At Home!

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
High Blood Pressure - 8 Ways You Can Control it At Home!

Blood pressure readings above 140/90 are classified as hypertension or high blood pressure. Hypertension causes straining of blood vessels and an interruption in the blood flow. There are no specific symptoms, but prolonged hypertension can lead to a heart stroke.

Listed below are a few ways to reduce high blood pressure:

  1. Limit your salt intake: The sodium content in salt disrupts the balance of fluids in your body, leading to high blood pressure. To avert hypertension, cut down on your daily salt intake to a maximum of one tablespoon.
  2. Indulge in physical exercise: If you are suffering from pre-hypertension (mild hypertension), it can be avoided or controlled by engaging in physical exercise such as brisk walk, swimming or playing a sport. Exercising regularly can lower blood pressure levels by 5 mmHg (millimetres of mercury).
  3. Bask in the sun: Exposure to sunlight alters the nitric oxide levels in your blood which leads to reduction in blood pressure. Thus, soaking up the sun can prove to be a great way to avoid a stroke in future.
  4. Add ginger and cardamom to your dietThe two spices, ginger and cardamom, provide required warmth to your body and help in stabilising the circulation of blood in your body and help in bringing down blood pressure levels.
  5. Add more green vegetables to your diet: Green vegetables, preferably the leafy ones, are rich in nutrients such as magnesium, iron and folate which help in maintaining the blood circulation that is essential for combating high blood pressure.
  6. Switch to decaf coffeeIf you can’t give up coffee entirely, switch to decaf beverages as caffeine is responsible for tightening your blood vessels which leads to increased stress and blood pressure levels.
  7. Start drinking teaHerbals teas such as chamomile, ginger, green tea and hibiscus tea contain herbal properties which soothe your blood vessels and nourish the blood flow. Herbal teas also help in hydration and rejuvenation of fluids in your body.
  8. Update your playlist: Music is proven to be therapeutic and updating your playlist with soothing Sufi, Celtic or Instrumental tunes can help you relax your mind and combat stress related blood pressure spikes. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a cardiologist.
3997 people found this helpful

How To Avoid Sun Stroke?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Jaipur

Heat stroke or sun stroke: When we go outside without covering our head in noon time we can get heat stroke.

Symptoms-

Treatment-

  • lie down patient in cool air
  • remove tight clothing
  • cover head with a cotton cloth and soak it with cold water.
  • if patient is unconsious shift to a nearby hospital.

Things to remember:

  • always cover your head with cotton cloth while going out in daytime
  • drink plenty of liquid 
  • if heat stroke then drink onion ras or carry half cut onion in your pocket

Sun Stroke Symptoms and Treatment in Hindi - लू लगने के लक्षण, उपचार

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Sun Stroke Symptoms and Treatment in Hindi - लू लगने के लक्षण, उपचार

गर्मियों में लू लगने की समस्या आम है. अंग्रेजी में इसे हीट स्ट्रोक और सनस्ट्रोक के नाम से जाना जाता है. जब तापमान चरम पर होता है और गर्म हवा के झोंके चलते हैं तब लू लग सकती है. इसमें हमारे शरीर के द्रव सूखने जाते हैं जिससे पानी और नमक की कमी हो जाती है और लू लगने का खतरा उत्पन्न हो जाता है. लू लगने पर शरीर में गर्मी, खुश्की और थकावट महसूस होने लगती है. लू लगने के कारण कई और मामूली बीमारियां जैसे कि हीट एडेमा (शरीर का सूजना), हीट रैश, हीट क्रैम्प्स (शरीर में अकड़न) और हीट साइनकॉप (बेहोशी) आदि भी हो सकती हैं. चिकित्सकिय भाषा में शरीर के तापमान को 105 डिग्री फारेनहाइट से अधिक रहने पर और शरीर के सेंट्रल नर्वस सिस्टम में जटिलताओं के पेश आने पर लू लगना कहते हैं.

लू लगना के लक्षण
* लू लगने पर शरीर में गर्मी, खुश्की, सिरदर्द, कमजोरी, शरीर टूटना, बार-बार मुंह सूखना, उलटी, चक्कर, सांस लेने में तकलीफ, दस्त और कई बार निढाल या बेहोशी जैसे लक्षण नजर आते हैं. ध्यान रहे कि लू लगने पर पसीना नहीं आता है.
* लू लगने पर आँखों में जलन भी होती है.
* लू लगने के कारण अचानक बेहोशी व अंततः रोगी की मौत तक हो सकती है.
* इसमें निम्न रक्तचाप और लिवर-किडनी में सोडियम पोटैशियम का संतुलन बिगड़ जाता है. इसलिए बेहोशी भी आ सकती है. इसके अलावा ब्रेन या हार्ट स्ट्रोक की स्थिति भी बन सकती है.
* इस दौरान शरीर का तापमान एकदम से बढ़ जाता है. अक्सर बुखार बहुत ज्यादा मसलन 105 या 106 डिग्री फॉरनहाइट तक पहुंच जाता है.
* हाथ और पैरों के तलुओं में जलन-सी होती रहती है

सामान्य उपचार

लू लगने वाले व्यक्ति को आसानी से कुछ सामान्य उपचार के जरिए भी बचाया जा सकता है. कुछ छोटे-मोटे आसन उपायों पर नजर डालिए-
* जब भी बाहर गर्मी चरम पर हो तो कम से कम बाहर निकलकर लू से बचा जा सकता है. लेकिन यदि बाहर जाना आवश्यक हो तो अधिक से अधिक पानी पीकर निकलें. ध्यान रहे कि खाली पेट न निकलें.
* पीड़ित व्यक्ति को सबसे पहले छांव में लायें. फिर उसके लिए हवा का इंतजाम करें. गर्मी के कारण शरीर का तापमान हुई वृद्धि, छाया में लाने से तापमान सामान्य आना शुरु हो जाता है.
* उसव्यक्ति को नमक शक्कर और पानी का घोल मुँह से पिलायें, उसके कपड़े निकालकर सिर्फ अंदरूनी वस्त्र रखें. बेहतरी के लिए शरीर पर हल्का सा गर्म पानी भी छिड़क सकते हैं.
* आप चाहें तो गीली चादर में लपेटकर भी तापमान को कम करने का प्रयास कर सकते हैं.
* हाथ पैर की मालिश करें जिससे रक्त संचरण प्रभावित होता है.
* संभव हो तो बर्फ के टुकड़े कपड़े में लपेटकर गर्दन, बगलों और जांघों पर रखे. इससे गर्मी जल्दी निकलती है.
* धूप में घर से बाहर निकलें तो छतरी का इस्तेमाल करें. नंगे बदन और नंगे पैर धूप में ना खड़े हों.
* तरल पदार्थों के रूप में आप नींबू पानी, आम पना, छाछ, लस्सी, नारियल पानी, बेल या नींबू का शर्बत, खस का शर्बत जैसे तरल पदार्थों का उपयोग करते रहें.
* ढीले और सूती कपड़े पहनना ज्यादा उचित होता है.
* अचानक से गर्मी से एकदम ठंडे कमरे में ना जाएं.
* जितना ज्यादा हो सके हरी सब्जियों का सेवन करें. खीरा, ककड़ी, लौकी, तौरी आदि का भरपूर सेवन करें.
* यदि आपके पास सुविधा हो तो ठंडे वातानुकूलित कमरे में रहें.
* इमली के गूदे को हाथ पैरों पर मलें.
* शरीर का तापमान तेज होने पर सिर पर ठंडी पट्टी रखें.
* घर से बाहर निकलते समय जेब में कटा प्याज रखें.

3 people found this helpful

8 Home Remedies for Managing High Blood Pressure!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Jaipur
8 Home Remedies for Managing High Blood Pressure!

Blood pressure readings above 140/90 are classified as hypertension or high blood pressure. There are no specific symptoms, but prolonged hypertension can lead to a heart stroke.

Listed below are a few ways to reduce high blood pressure:

  1. Limit your salt intake: The sodium content in salt disrupts the balance of fluids in your body, leading to high blood pressure. To avert hypertension, cut down on your daily salt intake to a maximum of one tablespoon.
  2. Indulge in physical exercise: If you are suffering from pre-hypertension (mild hypertension), it can be avoided or controlled by engaging in physical exercise such as brisk walk, swimming or playing a sport. Exercising regularly can lower blood pressure levels by 5 mmHg (millimetres of mercury).
  3. Bask in the sun: Exposure to sunlight alters the nitric oxide levels in your blood which leads to the reduction in blood pressure. Thus, soaking up the sun can prove to be a great way to avoid a stroke in future.
  4. Add ginger and cardamom to your dietThe two spices, ginger and cardamom, provide required warmth to your body and help in stabilising the circulation of blood in your body and help in bringing down blood pressure levels.
  5. Add more green vegetables to your diet: Green vegetables, preferably the leafy ones, are rich in nutrients such as magnesium, iron and folate which help in maintaining the blood circulation that is essential for combating high blood pressure.
  6. Switch to decaf coffeeIf you can’t give up coffee entirely, switch to decaf beverages as caffeine is responsible for tightening your blood vessels which leads to increased stress and blood pressure levels.
  7. Start drinking teaHerbals teas such as chamomile, ginger, green tea and hibiscus tea contain herbal properties which soothe your blood vessels and nourish the blood flow. Herbal teas also help in hydration and rejuvenation of fluids in your body.
  8. Update your playlist: Music is proven to be therapeutic and updating your playlist with soothing Sufi, Celtic or Instrumental tunes can help you relax your mind and combat stress related blood pressure spikes.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3020 people found this helpful

8 Tips For Your Dog This Summer!

MVSc (Ph.D pursuing)
Veterinarian, Hyderabad

1. Make sure your dog has unlimited access to fresh water all the time.

2. Make sure your dog has access to shade when outside.

3. Take walks during the cooler hours of the day. Avoid 5-7 pm evening as the steam emitting from the road can kill your pet with heat stroke!

4. When walking, try to stay off of hot surfaces (like coal tar roads) because it can burn your dog's paws.

5. If you feel it's hot outside, it's even hotter for your pet - make sure your pet has a means of cooling off.


6. Keep your dog free of external insects (fleas, ticks) - consult your veterinarian about the best product for your pet.

7. Consider clipping or shaving dogs with long coats (talk to your veterinarian first to see if it's appropriate for your pet).

8. If you have a short nose breed like pugs or bulldogs, keep a Turkish towel with you whenever traveling. Whenever you notice he/she is panting heavily, you can soak the towel in water and wrap it around his body to have a local cooling effect.

6 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My wife (42 years old) suffering difficulties even sleeping due to body heat and sweating. The heat condition in body is severe even in the other times (day) also. She had a surgery of ovary + uterus removal due to fibroid three months before, but still, the heat condition continues. Is it happen due to this such surgery? Is it common? Please advice.

DGO, Diploma In Family planning (UK), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
This condition is known as surgical menopause as her ovaries have been removed. She could be started on some basic menopausal medications. If they do not help the only option left is to start on HRT (hormone replacement therapy)
1 person found this helpful

I have the problem of hot flashes I can't tolerate the heat when I go outside every time I feel so hot even I don't like to eat hot foods too especially in summers. I have this problem from many long but now this goes to be worsen. Any treatment for that? And how to reduce it naturally? Thanks in advance.

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.), M.D Obsterics and Gynaecology, Diploma in Reproductive Medicine (Germany)
Gynaecologist, Nagpur
Menopause is something which is very natural. Don't worry. Take more of isoflavens, soy protein, reduce fatty foods, take more fresh fruits veggies. Do meditation or yoga pranaya. Also pursue your hobbies which vl divert your mind.
3 people found this helpful

I am 23 years and have excess of body heat which causes me allergy and puss formation in my body. And even I have asthma how can I control my body high temperature.

MD,DNB
Pulmonologist,
You need to exercise regularly and remember doing a warm up before doing exercise and cool down after your exercise. This will help you drain excess energy and controlling your asthma symptoms also.
1 person found this helpful

HI, I'm 30 years old female and have heating sensation in lower back area but no ache from last 2 weeks. Now this burning sensation is increasing day by day. I want to know the what's happening in my body Nd treatment for this.

BHMS
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
burning in back can be due to strain , injury to muscle or ligaments, stress , joint dysfunction , long term poor posture, overuse ,sudden twisting motion etc..it's curable by homoeopathy completely without side effects. you can consult me online for homoeopathic treatment.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, I am 32 years old. Anytime I feel my body internal and external remains hot. What can I do? All blood test is normal.

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Causes: Hyperthyroidism occurs when your thyroid produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. ... An excess of this hormone can cause your body's metabolism to increase, which leads to a rising body temperature. Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. Suggestion: Drink plenty of fluids. ... DO NOT drink alcohol, caffeine, or drinks with a lot of sugar, such as soda. ... Water is your best choice for less-intense workouts. ... Make sure the water or sports drinks are cool, but not too cold. ... Limit your training on very hot days.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Stroke: What You Need To Know?
Greetings!

I am Dr. Devesh and I would like to speak to you about waist pain. Waist pain is a very common disease these days. Earlier, we used to come across cases of waist pain in patients aged 40+ but these days, even 20 years old are affected by this problem. There are multiple causes of this disease and one of the major reason for the increment in such cases is our unhealthy lifestyle. It is the major cause of waist pain among the youngsters. Talking about multiple causes - one of the biggest reason is distorted daily routine, causing the imbalance in your circadian rhythm. Also, the usual posture of sleeping and sitting is hugely distorted and prolonged sitting sessions even in the correct posture is damaging to your body. An accidental damage to your bone due to some previous injury, you can also face waist pain in that case. In case, your cancer has reached to your spine, or the bones of your waist which has formed any tumour/lump in the neurons concerning the lower portion of your body, you can also face waist pain in such cases. Your waist pain is not a disease but a full syndrome. There are so many health issues related to this syndrome that it needs proper diagnosis and clinical evaluation with the help of MRI. It was impossible to manage your waist pain without a proper evaluation of the symptoms.

Waist pain related with the distorted lifestyle is mostly treated with a change to proper lifestyle, rest and improvements in the sitting, lying and walking posture, which leads to full recovery in 80% of the cases. But the remaining 20% cases are mostly treated with drug therapy and in severe cases, we opt for surgical treatments. In the routine degenerative disease of the spine, what we refer to as Spondylitis - in which the spinal vertebrae - wait, I'll show you - in this model, the middle disc gets distorted outwards which leads to the increase in pressure of nearby neurons and veins. This pressure in the vein supplying to the lower portion also transfers pain to that portion and that is referred to as Referred Pain . It is very important to know about the presentation in the case of waist pain - the presentation is concerned with the pain in the waist and the portion of the referred pain. The referred pain is transferred in the fixed dermatomal pattern, hence dermato-neurological pattern examination is mandatory for all the spine patients.

This confirms our clinical diagnosis which gets double assured on the basis of CT and MRI scans, according to which further treatment is given to the patients. If we take a sample of 100 patients, then, 80 patients recover with normal symptomatic treatment in which the discs get inwards within 3-4 weeks and patients feel better with reduced pressure in their veins. The rest of the 20 cases are treated with the discectomy, in which the disc is surgically removed by cutting of through this vertebra. There is a classical pattern where this bone is cut through to remove the disc. Another pattern is the endoscopic pattern where the lamina and pedicle are cut through to remove the disc. Even after so many treatments available, prevention is always better than cure. You can easily prevent your waist pain with a healthy lifestyle, regulated weight in accordance to your height. Always go for a morning walk or any physical exercise which suits you - e.g. Yoga, aerobics, or even a visit to the gym where you're not doing any heaving weight exercise or any power requiring activity. Anything which doesn't exert weight on your spine and waist and is increasing your mobility is good for your body.

If you'll take care of all these important points along with the right posture of sitting, you'll hopefully delay your problem of waist pain. Eventually, it's normal to get affected with waist pain as it is a degenerative disease with age. The more you are accustomed to prevention, the longer your spine will stay protected.
Play video
Stroke: Causes, Symptoms

Hi this is Dr. Amit. I am MPT in neuro. I have my clinic physio-health plus. So today I am going to discuss about Stroke. Today, these days the stroke patients are more common. For stroke what is the main cause, is stress. Because of hypertension patients got stroke. They have blood clot in their brain. It closes the blood brain barrier and reach to the brain and they damage the part of the brain. So most of the people get paralysis attacks, right hemi, left hemi, and for these patients we have a complete rehabilitation center here.

So for the hand rehabilitation, leg is recovered earlier and arm is not recovered. Because the main reason for that why arm is not recovering? Because we people, the patient mostly, they are not using their arm while working. They just concentrate on their working. The first need of the patient is the working. They need to go to the bathroom, they need to go to the other area, and they need to work first, then everybody is going working on the arm rehabilitation. So what are the limitations on the arm? There is an internal rotation of the shoulder, flexion of the elbow, the wrist is going in the flexion, so need to correct that posture. So if the patient is not first involved in the movement we won t get any better treatment. So first of all the patient should need to involve in the treatment, involve in the therapy then only we can cure that. So first of all there is a movement of the shoulder. Shoulder movements? What are the lacking movements?

There is shoulder flexion first of all. There is lack of shoulder flexion in the movement. The patient, if we ask the patient to flex the shoulder they will raise outside. There is more abduction on the shoulder. Second is elbow extension. So elbow extension won t be there. Most of the cases there are elbow extension but mostly their elbow is in the flexion portion. Then wrist extension is lacking, finger extension is lacking and thumb abduction is lacking. So we are working on these movements only. There are some misconceptions that the patients of hemi they are not recovered mainly the arm is not recovered completely. But it is not like that, so we can recover the patient with the arm, hand rehabilitation also, we are working on that.

So please contact me on lybrate.com. You can contact at any time.
Play video
Stroke: Causes & Symptoms
Strokes are brain attacks. They occur when the blood supply to the brain becomes blocked. Its actually a medical emergency that requires immediate attention , as the brain does not get enough oxygen or nutrients, and brain cells start to die.
Play video
Stroke Warning Signs And Symptoms
Hello!

I am Dr. Vivek Kumar, working as director neurology at Max Hospital Parparganj and Vaishali. Friends, today I want to discuss some important facts of about brain stroke. Do you know that brain stroke is the second leading cause of death in India and the most common cause of lifelong disability. Every 6 seconds, someone died due to brain stroke. In India, more than 15 lakh people suffered from brain stroke and almost as high as 6 lakh do not survive or develop lifelong disability. But the good thing is that the treatment options are there and we can treat the patient, we can save life and salvage or prevent disability, So, it is important to know what is brain stroke. Brain stroke are of 2 types.

Number: 1 is known as ischemic stroke which is due to blockage of an artery supplying to an area of brain. As a result, the area of brain doesn't receive any oxygen or nutrients. And starts to die. And ultimately develops an infa. 85% of brains strokes because of ischemic stroke. The second commonest cause is brain hemorrhage in which the artery supplying to an area of brain gets ruptured. It is known as brain hemorrhage and it affects around 15% of patients. But how to identify stroke. What are the symptoms of brain stroke? There are 5 ways in which a brain stroke patient can present. Number: 1, sudden weakness or numbness on one part of the body. Sudden weakness or numbness of face, arms or leg of one side.

Number: 2, sudden speech disturbance. Sudden inability to speak, sudden difficulty in word generation. Sudden inability to understand. So, a person may appear confused and he will not be able to speak or understand what has been asked to him. So, this is the second commonest representation.

Third, sudden inability to see from one or both the eyes.

Number: 4, sudden disturbance in balance. Sudden walking difficulty. Acahanak kisiko chalne me dikkat ho jana. Balance banne me dikkat hojana. Ye bhi brain stroke ka symptom ho skta hai. What is the fifth commonest presentation? That is sudden unexplained headache. Achanak sir dard ho jiska koi bhi karan pehle kbhi koi sir dard na hua ho. Vo bhi brain stroke ki vjha se ho skta hai. To ye 5 main symptoms hote hain jis trha se brain stroke present kr skta hai, jisko identify krna chaiye. Agar kisiko brain stroke hua ye 5 symptoms me se kisi ek symptom hota hai to hume kya krna chaiye? Now stroke is an emergency. If an artery gets blocked, every minute millions of cells died. And later the treatment started, the more cell death happen. Therefore, it is an emergency. Time is brain. So earlier the treatment, better the is the outcome. So, what are the treatment options? Now there is the treatment known as clot busting treatment which is know as thrombolytic therapy. which can be started in the first four and a half hours.

Kisiko abhi agar brain stroke hua hai, agar pehle saade chaar ghante k andar vo hospital phuchta hai, aise center me jhan pe stroke care ki facility available hai, to vhan pe CT krane k baad agar brain me koi leakage of blood nhi hai, brain hemorrhage nhi hai to aise patients me jisko hum ischemic stroke kehte hain, aise patients ko thrombolytic treatment se thik kia ja skta hai. Ye treatment hum 4.5 hours ke andar dete hain. Or jitna jldi ye dia ja ske, aisa nhi hai ki 4.5 ghante ka cut off hai to vo 4.5 ghante me jisko bhi hum ye treatment denge, usko fayda jyada hoga. Jitni jldi ye treatment dia jayega, utne kum cells dead honge. Or utna better outcome hoga.

To ye ek sabse aasaan or acha treatment available hai or hum isko de skte hain. Dusra treatment hai jisko hum mechanical thrombectomy kehte hain, joki 6 ghante k andar dia ja skta hai. Jiske taar dwara pehle angiography kia jata hai. Konsi artery kis jgha pe blockage hai, vo dekha jata hai. Or us jgha se clot ko extract kr lia jata hai ek retrievable stand dwara. Isko hum mechanical thrombectomy kehte hain. Jisme best result jitni jldi kia ja ske us se better response ata hai. Pehle 6 ghante k andar sabse acha response aata hai. Lekin kuch selected patients ko MRI ya CT profusion dwara select kr ke hum 24 ghante k andar ye illaj kr skte hain. Now if you want to know in detail, what is brain stroke, what is the best way in which we can treat patients of brain stroke. You can come over and discuss in detail about what is brain stroke, how we can fight successfully with this life threatening disease.

Thank You.
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