Hair Transplantation is a surgical treatment where hair follicles are removed from other parts of the body and are planted on the bald parts, mostly the head. The body part from where the hair is obtained is called the ‘donor site’ and the part of the body where the hair is transplanted is called the ‘recipient side’.
Hair transplantation is mostly used to treat male pattern baldness. Hair follicles which are genetically resistant to balding are typically used in this surgery. One can also opt for hair transplantation for restoring the beard, eyelashes etc.
There are mainly two methods through which the surgery is performed –
The treatment includes the following steps:
A person who is suffering from baldness or hair thinning can opt for this treatment after considering the following criteria –
A person who faces extensive hair loss is not eligible for hair transplantation as the person will lack sufficient donor follicles. Also people who in spite of suffering from hair thinning have considerably dense hair are not considered suitable for a transplantation surgery. The reason being there won’t be enough place in the recipient area to plant the hair follicles.
People should also avoid this surgery when they are in their early 20s and 30s. It may happen at a later age that they have lost most of their hair and is only left with the surgically implanted hair follicles. Having only few hair follicles in irregular patterns will certainly not make their appearance impressive.
If the person is suffering from hair loss due to any particular medication like chemotherapy, he/she is not eligible for the surgery.
People who have a tendency to form keloid scars after any surgery or injury should also avoid hair transplantation surgery.
Hair transplant does not have any major side effects except for unnatural looking clusters of hair. The minor side effects include infection, bleeding, itching, swelling of the operated area, inflammation, temporary loss of the newly transplanted hair among others. However these side effects disappear within few weeks.
The post treatment guidelines are –
The time of recovery varies from person to person. Once the surgery is over; most of the people usually take 10 days to few weeks to recover. However, for some people it may take longer.
The price may vary from Rs. 30/- to Rs. 179/- per graft depending on the technology used and the reputation of the clinic.
Hair transplantation surgery provides one with a permanent cure. Along with this the surgery may also boosts the overall hair growth of the operated area. However, one has to wait for at least 6 months to 9 months to witness the results.
There are alternatives to this surgery. However whether they provide a permanent solution or not is still not clear. The treatments include oral and topical medications, various herbal hair solutions, low level laser therapy, etc.