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Hair Transplant - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hair Transplantation is a surgical treatment where hair follicles are removed from other parts of the body and are planted on the bald parts, mostly the head. The body part from where the hair is obtained is called the ‘donor site’ and the part of the body where the hair is transplanted is called the ‘recipient side’.

Hair transplantation is mostly used to treat male pattern baldness. Hair follicles which are genetically resistant to balding are typically used in this surgery. One can also opt for hair transplantation for restoring the beard, eyelashes etc.

There are mainly two methods through which the surgery is performed –

  • Follicular Unit Transplantation Method - In this method the individual follicular units are obtained from the back of the head under local anesthesia. The follicular units are cut by using tiny micro-blades. This is a time-consuming process and may take several sittings.
  • Follicular Unit Extraction Method – In this method, skin strips with superior quality hair are removed from the back of the head and are planted on the hairless site or the balding area. This method doesn’t take much time and is also cost efficient.

How is the treatment done?

The treatment includes the following steps:

  • The initial step includes obtaining hair follicles from the back of the hair and relocating them on the hairless area.
  • Prior to the surgery, the donor area is trimmed.
  • Once the hair present in the donor site are trimmed, local anesthesia is applied.
  • Thereafter the tissues containing the bald resistant hair follicles are surgically removed from the donor area.
  • The donor area is sutured. These stiches are removed approximately ten days after the surgery.
  • The surgeon then dissect the donor tissue by viewing it through high powered microscopes. Accordingly they prepare the hair grafts.
  • The recipient site is then prepared with the help of local anesthesia. Trimming or removal of hair is not required to be performed at the recipient area.
  • Tiny incisions are made in the recipient area following an irregular pattern. Thereafter the follicular unit grafts are planted in these incisions.
  • The smaller follicular unit grafts are planted in the frontal part of the hairline and the denser one are planted behind.
  • Post the surgery, the incision marks heal on their own and you would see short hair in that operated area. The redness of the recipient area also disappears within few days.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A person who is suffering from baldness or hair thinning can opt for this treatment after considering the following criteria –

  • The person should have sufficient donor hair.
  • A person who follows a healthy lifestyle so that the immune system is in good condition.
  • In case the person suffers from a chronic disease like diabetes, etc. he/she may or may not be eligible for hair transplant. Therefore it’s wise to discuss the matter with the surgeon.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who faces extensive hair loss is not eligible for hair transplantation as the person will lack sufficient donor follicles. Also people who in spite of suffering from hair thinning have considerably dense hair are not considered suitable for a transplantation surgery. The reason being there won’t be enough place in the recipient area to plant the hair follicles.

People should also avoid this surgery when they are in their early 20s and 30s. It may happen at a later age that they have lost most of their hair and is only left with the surgically implanted hair follicles. Having only few hair follicles in irregular patterns will certainly not make their appearance impressive.

If the person is suffering from hair loss due to any particular medication like chemotherapy, he/she is not eligible for the surgery.

People who have a tendency to form keloid scars after any surgery or injury should also avoid hair transplantation surgery.

Are there any side effects?

Hair transplant does not have any major side effects except for unnatural looking clusters of hair. The minor side effects include infection, bleeding, itching, swelling of the operated area, inflammation, temporary loss of the newly transplanted hair among others. However these side effects disappear within few weeks.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines are –

  • Eat a balanced diet and consume plenty of fluids.
  • Avoid alcohol consumptions and cigarettes.

How long does it take to recover?

The time of recovery varies from person to person. Once the surgery is over; most of the people usually take 10 days to few weeks to recover. However, for some people it may take longer.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price may vary from Rs. 30/- to Rs. 179/- per graft depending on the technology used and the reputation of the clinic.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Hair transplantation surgery provides one with a permanent cure. Along with this the surgery may also boosts the overall hair growth of the operated area. However, one has to wait for at least 6 months to 9 months to witness the results.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are alternatives to this surgery. However whether they provide a permanent solution or not is still not clear. The treatments include oral and topical medications, various herbal hair solutions, low level laser therapy, etc.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: High Price Range: Rs. 30 - Rs. 179 per graft

Popular Health Tips

Hair Transplant - 10 Facts You Must Be Aware Of!

Dr. Ashish Khare 86% (10 ratings)
MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship Reconstructive Microsurgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Gurgaon
Hair Transplant - 10 Facts You Must Be Aware Of!
If you are thinking about undergoing hair transplantation, it is important for you to know about the procedure in detail, and the various steps it involves. Hair transplantation is a surgical technique in which hair follicles from the donor site of the body are moved to a bald or balding part called the recipient site. The procedure is commonly used for treating Male Pattern Baldness. This is a minimally invasive procedure in which grafts containing hair follicles are transplanted to the bald scalp. Here are some facts about hair transplantation you should know about: This is a surgical procedure which yields permanent results. You should undertake proper research before undertaking hair transplantation. Choosing the right surgeon is very important. Several factors are considered to assess a person s donor supply. These include the examination of your scalp by means of a Densitometer. The scalp laxity of the patient is another important factor. It is recommended not to move a large amount of hair during a single transplantation session. Extra long sessions are associated with the risk of sub optimal growth. There are limitations on the blood supply of the scalp for sustaining the growth of newly transplanted grafts. In case of very large grafts, overwhelming blood supply results in poor hair growth. The chances of a successful hair transplant are more in patients who are older. Hair loss starting at an early age is unpredictable and increases the chances of extensive hair loss in the future. Hair transplants take almost one full year to mature completely. The hair grows at a slow rate that is hard to notice. In spite of technological advances in hair restoration, doctors are dependent on a person s donor supply which is limited. In many cases, the donor area is too thin to aid hair transplantation. The density depends on the amount of hair that is transplanted to a certain area, and not on the size of the grafts. In case of a scalp reduction, the size of a bald area is decreased by cutting it out. For closing the gap, the scalp has to be advanced from the sides and back of the scalp. Many people think that laser hair transplant is a modern procedure, when actually it was introduced about twelve years ago. It is usually not employed by the best hair transplant surgeons. Lasers are not an integral part of hair transplantation as they are only used for making the recipient sites during the surgery.
4 people found this helpful

Robotic Hair Transplant - Major Benefits!

Dermatologist, Bangalore
Robotic Hair Transplant - Major Benefits!
Whether you re a man or a woman, losing hair can be a nightmare. Hair loss affects a person s confidence and self-image. There are many factors that can trigger hair loss. This includes genetic predisposition to baldness, stress, nutrient deficiency etc. Whatever the cause, you do not have to simply live with balding spots. Hair transplant surgery is now commonly performed to combat hair loss. Today, this procedure can also be performed with the help of robotics. There are a number of advantages to this procedure. These include: Faster Results: The first step of a hair transplant surgery is to harvest hair follicles from the donor site. When performed manually, this is a tedious process that can take a long time. It also requires great skill as each hair follicle must be harvested without damaging the root. In comparison, robotics makes this process much negates human error. Better Site Creation: When it comes to hair transplants it isn t enough to simply put a number of hair follicles in the bald area. Aesthetics plays a key role here. Some of the factors that need to be kept in mind include average spacing between hair follicles, depth if hair follicle roots, hair direction, and elevation. It can be quite difficult to match these factors when transplanting hair manually. Hence, though the baldness may be hidden, your hair may not look as natural as it should. However, with robotics, it is easy to have full control over these parameters. When the hair follicles are being transplanted, each of these measures can be set so as to match the natural look. Robotics also allows the doctor to specify the number of follicular units required and select the ones with the most hair strands. Thus, it also reduces door site wounding. Higher Survival Rate: After a hair transplant surgery, you may notice the newly transplanted hair strands falling off. This is normal and most of the hair will grow back. However, a certain amount of hair strands are lost and hence your hair may not be as dense as you imagined. With robot-aided transplants, there is a higher survival rate for follicular units. Thus, your hair will be denser. In short, robotic hair transplant surgery is more efficient and effective as compared to manually performed hair transplants. They also provide a more satisfying result and reduce scarring.
2 people found this helpful

Hair Transplant - Know Everything About It!

Dr. Pk Talwar 87% (150 ratings)
FAPS (Cosmetic Surgery)-USA,, M.Ch - Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Hair Transplant - Know Everything About It!
Hair loss due to androgenetic alopecia or pattern baldness is a condition that affects both men and women. Surgical hair transplantation is the only solution for restoring the lost hair in pattern baldness when medical hair restoration does not offer you a good hair re-growth. If you have well-defined and clearly established areas or patterns of baldness on the crown with healthy dense coverage of hair at the sides and the back of the head, you are probably suitable for a hair transplant surgery. Hair that is transplanted in the frontal region of the skull generally offers the best results. However, a hair transplant procedure can also be carried out on any other area of your head if you have some bald patch there. It is best to have detailed information about the hair transplant procedure before you make plans to undergo a surgery. It is only after you have read through all the information that you can understand and appreciate the significance of surgical hair restoration. The information will also help you decide whether you are the right candidate for the hair transplant surgery. Receiving a hair transplant can improve your appearance and self-confidence. Good candidates for a hair transplant include: men with male-pattern baldness women with thinning hair anyone who has lost some hair from a burn or scalp injury Hair replacement isn t a good option for: women with a wide-spread pattern of hair loss throughout the scalp people who don t have enough donor hair sites from which to remove hair for transplant people who form keloid scars (thick, fibrous scars) after injury or surgery people whose hair loss is due to medication like chemotherapy The Two Types of Procedures- It's worth noting that there are new surgical techniques involved in hair transplants: FUE - Follicular Unit Extraction: The hairs are individually extracted from the back of the head and re-planted across the area. This is a lengthy, pain-staking process but the result is minimal scarring and a very natural-looking hairline. FUT - Follicular Unit Transplantation: This technique involves taking a larger area or 'strip' of hair from the back of the head, dividing it into smaller units and then re-planting those units in the desired area of hair loss. Scarring can be slightly more conspicuous at the back of the head as a larger area has been removed but an expert surgeon will minimise incision marks to ensure rapid healing. Hair transplants do, of course, utilise your own natural hair and re-growth can be expected within 4 weeks of surgery. Great care must be taken during your recovery period to protect the newly-transplanted hair. However, once it is deemed safe to resume normal activities, the results can be life-transforming. A successful hair transplant is permanent and can restore confidence and self-esteem.

Eyelid Surgery: How It Works!

Dr. Prashantha Kesari 86% (10 ratings)
MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, DNB, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Eyelid Surgery: How It Works!
Like good health and youth, most of us take our locks for granted, until they're gone. For many people, a hair transplant can help bring back what looks like a full - or at least a fuller - head of hair. A hair transplant is a procedure in which a dermatological surgeon moves hair to a bald area of the head. The surgeon usually moves hair from the back or side of the head to the front or top of the head. Hair transplants typically occur in a medical office under local anesthesia. Receiving a hair transplant can improve your appearance and self-confidence. Good candidates for a hair transplant are: men with male-pattern baldness women with thinning hair anyone who has lost some hair from a burn or scalp injury Hair replacement isn't a good option for: women with a wide-spread pattern of hair loss throughout the scalp people who don't have enough 'donor' hair sites from which to remove hair for transplant people who form keloid scars (thick, fibrous scars) after injury or surgery people whose hair loss is due to medication like chemotherapy PROCEDURE- Planning and Assessment before the Operation. Harvesting Methods: The patient is sedated using mild sedation and local anaesthesia after which the transplantation is performed. Common hair transplant methods to choose from are: Follicular unit transplant (FUT) Follicular unit extraction (FUE) Strip Harvesting Robotic hair restoration Care Post Operation: After the surgery, your scalp may be very tender. You may need to take pain medications for several days. You will be prescribed an antibiotic or an anti-inflammatory drug to take for several days. Most people are able to return to work 2 to 5 days after the operation. The treated area should be protected from the sun.
2 people found this helpful

The Surprising Benefits of Hair Transplants!

Dr. Priyal Singhal 93% (128 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology, Venerology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mohali
The Surprising Benefits of Hair Transplants!
A receding hairline and premature hair loss is a major cause of concern for most people. The affected person suffers a major loss to his appearance, self-esteem and confidence level. With one of the biggest causes for hair loss being the increased stress levels across all genders and age groups, premature hair loss is seen more and more in younger ages, as early as the late 20s. That being the case, hair transplant, which comes as a rescue to the affected people is gaining significant popularity. There are two main techniques of hair transplantation and both involve replacing the lost hair follicles from one part of the body to another part. While the scalp is the most commonly used donor site, the chest and back also can be used as donor sites if there is adequate hair growth. In the recent years, advanced techniques are in place that yield more natural results, are less invasive, and enable a quicker recovery. Read on to know some of the common benefits of hair transplantation. Natural process: When compared to the wigs that were used earlier to mask the bald pate, the hair transplant is a more natural way to replace lost hair. It is healthier, has no chemicals, and does not have any harmful or allergic reactions. Improved esthetics: The person s own hair is transplanted and so the new hair growth that covers the bald pate resembles the rest of the hair, producing quite a natural appearance. Of course, there is the initial stage where the donor site requires some healing before the transplanted follicles are completely absorbed and begin to yield results. Also, this is far better than the wigs that give away the fact that the person has had hair loss and is using artificial hair. Relatively permanent solution: Hair transplant is more or less a permanent solution to hair loss and receding hair loss. There are very few people who have had transplants and have again experienced baldness. Though the newly growing hair might be thinner, it is not that obvious for the others as it is for you. It is more often than not a permanent solution to the bald spots that you once experienced. Psychological effects: Restoring lost hair improves confidence and self-esteem and improves self-worth too. The personality of a person changes drastically, and anybody who has gone through hair loss and had successful transplant surgery can vouch for it. Low maintenance: There is actually no ongoing maintenance that is required after the hair transplant. Routine hair care suffices, making it easy for the person without multiple follow-up visits. Go ahead with hair transplant, if you have a receding hairline. You will see the benefits for yourself.
2614 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi I have very less facial hair and want to go through the transplant. Which is the best place to get it done in Bangalore and please let me know the best consultant and ways in bangalore.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (7857 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Hi Manjunath... you will need to search it online... even lybrate search engine is good... You can also start homoeopathic treatment to avoid costly treatment..

Can hair be transplanted of scar that I have for almost 6 years from an accident, it is a thick scar on my mustache area and hair does not grow there.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (3243 ratings)
Homeopath, Hooghly
Scar tissue like our nail,,so there must not be any kind of hair buds,,Soo there will not be any hair

I am having less hair and gaps on scalp. Can I opt for partial hair transplant. Will the transplanted hair effect my existing natural hair after the surgery? I have tried prp, meso and every therapy.

Dr. Rekha Choudhary 90% (106 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Dietitian For Obesity Management, Diploma in Clinical Dermatology, Trichology & Hair Transplant
Trichologist, Thane
Hi lybrate-user yes you need to go for is hair transplant that is the only option and that won't effect your existing hairs.
4 people found this helpful

Please suggest What is PRP treatment for hair fall? What may be the possible side effects.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (7857 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
It is injecting platelet in your scalp... It has no apparent side effects... But not much helpful also...

Which transplant technique method is good for hair FUE, FUT, DHI which one is safe? Please advice

Dr. Navanit Manna 89% (88 ratings)
Certificate Programme In Aesthetic Medcine
Trichologist, Kolkata
There are basically two techniques FUT and FUE. DHI is just another form of FUE. FUE is much more safe, less painful, less downtime and results are comparatively better and faster if done from a proper place.
2 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Hair Transplant - What To Know

Dr. M Rajkumar 87% (69 ratings)
M.Ch (Plastic)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Chennai
Will the outcome of a hair transplant be as natural as you think? Take the quiz to know now.
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Hair Transplant - Is It Worth It?

Dr. Sumit Agrawal 90% (64 ratings)
MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
Will the outcome of a hair transplant be as natural as you think? Take the quiz to know now.
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Hair Transplant - Who Can Go For It?

Dr. Sunil Arora 88% (79 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Jaipur
Hair transplant surgery is only for men. True or false? Take the quiz to know now.
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What Do You Need To Know About Hair transplant

Dr. R.Brahmananda Reddy 86% (11 ratings)
Diploma In Dermatology, Fellowship In Aesthetic Medicine
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
There is no substantial side-effect of hair transplant. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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65 people took this quiz

Hair Transplant & Important Facts!

Dr. Ramakant Bembde 89% (106 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, DNB (Plastic Surgery)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Aurangabad
Hair transplant surgery is only for men. True or false? Take the quiz to know now.
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