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Overview

Hair Transplant - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hair Transplantation is a surgical treatment where hair follicles are removed from other parts of the body and are planted on the bald parts, mostly the head. The body part from where the hair is obtained is called the ‘donor site’ and the part of the body where the hair is transplanted is called the ‘recipient side’.

Hair transplantation is mostly used to treat male pattern baldness. Hair follicles which are genetically resistant to balding are typically used in this surgery. One can also opt for hair transplantation for restoring the beard, eyelashes etc.

There are mainly two methods through which the surgery is performed –

  • Follicular Unit Transplantation Method - In this method the individual follicular units are obtained from the back of the head under local anesthesia. The follicular units are cut by using tiny micro-blades. This is a time-consuming process and may take several sittings.
  • Follicular Unit Extraction Method – In this method, skin strips with superior quality hair are removed from the back of the head and are planted on the hairless site or the balding area. This method doesn’t take much time and is also cost efficient.

How is the treatment done?

The treatment includes the following steps:

  • The initial step includes obtaining hair follicles from the back of the hair and relocating them on the hairless area.
  • Prior to the surgery, the donor area is trimmed.
  • Once the hair present in the donor site are trimmed, local anesthesia is applied.
  • Thereafter the tissues containing the bald resistant hair follicles are surgically removed from the donor area.
  • The donor area is sutured. These stiches are removed approximately ten days after the surgery.
  • The surgeon then dissect the donor tissue by viewing it through high powered microscopes. Accordingly they prepare the hair grafts.
  • The recipient site is then prepared with the help of local anesthesia. Trimming or removal of hair is not required to be performed at the recipient area.
  • Tiny incisions are made in the recipient area following an irregular pattern. Thereafter the follicular unit grafts are planted in these incisions.
  • The smaller follicular unit grafts are planted in the frontal part of the hairline and the denser one are planted behind.
  • Post the surgery, the incision marks heal on their own and you would see short hair in that operated area. The redness of the recipient area also disappears within few days.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A person who is suffering from baldness or hair thinning can opt for this treatment after considering the following criteria –

  • The person should have sufficient donor hair.
  • A person who follows a healthy lifestyle so that the immune system is in good condition.
  • In case the person suffers from a chronic disease like diabetes, etc. he/she may or may not be eligible for hair transplant. Therefore it’s wise to discuss the matter with the surgeon.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who faces extensive hair loss is not eligible for hair transplantation as the person will lack sufficient donor follicles. Also people who in spite of suffering from hair thinning have considerably dense hair are not considered suitable for a transplantation surgery. The reason being there won’t be enough place in the recipient area to plant the hair follicles.

People should also avoid this surgery when they are in their early 20s and 30s. It may happen at a later age that they have lost most of their hair and is only left with the surgically implanted hair follicles. Having only few hair follicles in irregular patterns will certainly not make their appearance impressive.

If the person is suffering from hair loss due to any particular medication like chemotherapy, he/she is not eligible for the surgery.

People who have a tendency to form keloid scars after any surgery or injury should also avoid hair transplantation surgery.

Are there any side effects?

Hair transplant does not have any major side effects except for unnatural looking clusters of hair. The minor side effects include infection, bleeding, itching, swelling of the operated area, inflammation, temporary loss of the newly transplanted hair among others. However these side effects disappear within few weeks.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines are –

  • Eat a balanced diet and consume plenty of fluids.
  • Avoid alcohol consumptions and cigarettes.

How long does it take to recover?

The time of recovery varies from person to person. Once the surgery is over; most of the people usually take 10 days to few weeks to recover. However, for some people it may take longer.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price may vary from Rs. 30/- to Rs. 179/- per graft depending on the technology used and the reputation of the clinic.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Hair transplantation surgery provides one with a permanent cure. Along with this the surgery may also boosts the overall hair growth of the operated area. However, one has to wait for at least 6 months to 9 months to witness the results.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are alternatives to this surgery. However whether they provide a permanent solution or not is still not clear. The treatments include oral and topical medications, various herbal hair solutions, low level laser therapy, etc.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: High Price Range: Rs. 30 - Rs. 179 per graft

Popular Health Tips

Things You Need To Learn About Hair Transplant Procedure!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Trichologist, Delhi
Things You Need To Learn About Hair Transplant Procedure!

David Beckham’s recent discussion with his wife Victoria Beckham was only on one unpredictable question: ’Can David look so good even after undergoing a hair transplant procedure?’ This could have only been about their much-awaited reunion. The one who has not witnessed hair transplant, they all say that ‘he has not undergone any hair transplant procedure ever.' He has been very frank in his interviews about hair transplant. Chances of Beckham doing the hair transplant are high, as his teammate Wayne Rooney has also done that and got fabulous results.

Here are the things which you will learn after undergoing the procedure:

  • Hair transplant has become very popular nowadays but nobody knows exactly what it is; not even our so-called intelligent friends.
  • They often misunderstand it as plucking hair from someone’s head and glueing it on the affected area of your head or cutting hair from your head and placing on the area where it is needed or plucking hair from any other body part and placing it on the affected area of your head.
  • Basically, it is not like this fantasies.it simply involves plucking of hairs from your head where the hair growth is good and inserting them on the affected area of your head where you need them the most.

There are 3 different techniques of hair transplant, namely

  • Direct Hair Implantation (DHI)
  • Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
  • Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT).

Let us know some details about these techniques.

  1. DHI: It is the most advanced technology which gives you a natural hairline because it needs multiple sessions and in this, single hair strand is plucked and placed where they are needed. The instruments which are used in DHI are of single-use which gives a better control over angle and depth. DHI hair transplants work.
  2. FUT: It is no longer in existence.
  3. FUE: It needs only 1 session thus the results are not that good.

After undergoing hair transplant you will start noticing people and their hair, this is the drastic behavioral change you will notice in yourself with boosted self-confidence. As it is a basic human nature. You start paying attention to other’s hair and start comparing with yours. You start thinking over many minute things. DHI does transform your life

Consider DHI if you are in a way to get bald soon because getting your crown back is what makes you more confident. In every field, men who had undergone hair transplant scored high than their pre-transplant selves.
Last but not the least, one important thing you’ll learn after undergoing DHI is that it’s a journey of transformation. ‘Invest in your hair; as it’s the crown you never take off’.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

18 people found this helpful

Right Time To Get A Hair Transplant!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Right Time To Get A Hair Transplant!

Premature hair thinning, receding hairline, increased hair fall and other problems related to your scalp are directly proportional to your psychological health. Being overly concerned about one's physical appearance does not always result from vanity. It could be the plain and simple desire of being acceptable to oneself. Today surgeons are capable of transplanting and extracting large number of hair follicles.

The reasons when one may opt for a hair transplant are:

  1. Traction alopecia: This type of hair loss occurs due to exertion of external pressure on the hair which may cause it to fall. If the hair does not grow back then it would result in a bald patch. Thus you may opt for a hair transplant procedure if you suffer from this disorder and experience loss of hair.
  2. Involutional alopecia: It is a form of alopecia where the hair growth tends to decrease due to ageing resulting in thinning and shorter hair. The follicles remain in the telogen phase (resting phase) for an extended amount of time. You may opt for a hair transplant surgery to correct this disorder.
  3. Trichotillomania: This is a psychological condition where a person pulls out his/her hair. If excessive hair is lost, resulting in bald spots, then you may opt for hair transplant surgery.

Hair transplant surgery is naturally a lasting and safe treatment for hair loss, as the chances for your body to reject the intervention in the form of implanted hair is minimal. This is because the technique that is used involves taking your own hair out from the follicle roots, (mostly from areas like the neck or the back and sides of your head) where they are not needed so much and place them in specially designed holes in the bald areas. Since no external factors are involved, the body does not tend to reject the transplant.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4671 people found this helpful

Hair Transplant - 10 Facts You Must Be Aware Of!

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship Reconstructive Microsurgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Gurgaon
Hair Transplant - 10 Facts You Must Be Aware Of!

If you are thinking about undergoing hair transplantation, it is important for you to know about the procedure in detail, and the various steps it involves. Hair transplantation is a surgical technique in which hair follicles from the donor site are moved to a bald or balding part called the recipient site. The procedure is commonly used for treating male pattern baldness.

This is a minimally invasive procedure in which grafts containing hair follicles are transplanted to the bald scalp. Here are some facts about hair transplantation you should know about: 

  1. This is a surgical procedure which yields permanent results. You should undertake proper research before going for hair transplantation. Choosing the right surgeon is very important.
  2. Several factors are considered to assess a person’s donor supply. These include the examination of your scalp by means of a Densitometer. The scalp laxity of the patient is another important factor.
  3. It is recommended not to move a large amount of hair during a single transplantation session. Extra long sessions are associated with the risk of sub-optimal growth.
  4. There are limitations on the blood supply of the scalp for sustaining the growth of newly transplanted grafts. In case of very large grafts, overwhelming blood supply results in poor hair growth.
  5. The chances of a successful hair transplant are more in patients who are older. Hair loss starting at an early age is unpredictable and increases the chances of extensive hair loss in the future.
  6. A hair transplant takes almost one full year to mature completely. The hair grows at a slow rate that is hard to notice.
  7. In spite of technological advances in hair restoration, doctors are dependent on a person’s donor supply which is limited. In many cases, the donor area is too thin to aid hair transplantation.
  8. The density depends on the amount of hair that is transplanted to a certain area, and not on the size of the grafts.
  9. In case of a scalp reduction, the size of a bald area is decreased by cutting it out. For closing the gap, the scalp has to be advanced from the sides and back of the scalp.
  10. Many people think that laser hair transplant is a modern procedure, while actually it was introduced about twelve years ago. It is usually not employed by the best hair transplant surgeons. Lasers are not an integral part of hair transplantation as they are only used for making the recipient sites during the surgery

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3438 people found this helpful

Hair Transplant - Do's & Don'ts You Must Be Aware Of!

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Surat
Hair Transplant - Do's & Don'ts You Must Be Aware Of!

Are you planning on undergoing hair transplantation because of extensive hair loss? A hair transplantation surgery is effective in making up your lost hair, but there are several facts you should know before undergoing the procedure. There are certain strict do’s and don’ts associated with hair transplantation, both before and after the process.

Before hair transplantation
Do's

  • Wash your hair well before the surgery day on the morning of the surgery.
  • Wear clothes which do not need to be pulled off over your head after the surgery.
  • Arrange for transportation for going back home.

Don’ts

  • Do not take aspirin or other anti-inflammatory medicines for seven days before the procedure.
  • Do not consume alcohol, take vitamin B, E supplements for seven days before the surgery.
  • Do not smoke for three days before, and on the day of the surgery.

After hair transplantation

Do’s

  • Remember all instructions given by the surgeon for care after the procedure. Although there are general guides for care, you should listen to your surgeon and his guidelines.
  • Try keeping your scalp dry on the first day after transplantation, which enables your skin to heal.
  • Keep your scalp clean during the recovery process. Soreness and numbness may be felt, and you should not put anything on your scalp that may cause side effects.
  • Take proper care of your scar. Scarring and itching are likely and you should deal with these using topical creams prescribed by your surgeon.
  • You may take painkiller medications to ease discomfort and pain, three to four hours after the procedure.

Don’ts

  • Avoid exposure to direct sunlight immediately after the hair transplantation, and also for the next few days.
  • Avoid touching or fidgeting with your grafted scalp. Picking and rubbing your sore scalp may cause the new grafts to fall out before getting the chance to grow.
  • Do not take alcohol for the first five days after the hair transplantation procedure.
  • Abstain from smoking for one month after the procedure as it disrupts the flow of blood to your hair follicles.
  • Do not involve yourself in any form of sports activity or exercise right after the procedure. You may resume working out after a period of ten days, and you must wait for one month to get back to other physical activities and sports.
  • Avoid engaging in activities which result in intense sweating. Sweating enhances the risk of infections to your grafted scalp. You should also avoid steam baths or sauna treatments for one month after the procedure.

In case you are a diabetic, you need to talk to your surgeon about ways of handling your diet and insulin management, before and on the day of the hair transplantation procedure.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3964 people found this helpful

Understanding About FUE & FUT Technique!

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship Reconstructive Microsurgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Gurgaon
Understanding About FUE & FUT Technique!

Hair loss is one of the major cosmetic concerns, and this could be due to multiple causes, including heredity, stress, environmental pollutants, thyroid disease, chemotherapy and vitamin deficiency. However, with advancements in surgical procedures, hair loss can be treated effectively with hair transplantation. With premature hair loss becoming extremely common, the number of women and men going for hair transplantation is constantly on the rise.

There are two main types of hair transplantation techniques i.e. follicular unit extraction and follicular unit transplantation abbreviated as FUE and FUT respectively. The hair has a root portion called the follicle, which is essential for hair growth. In both the hair transplant procedures, the follicles are replaced in the area of hair loss, allowing for regrowth of the hair. The results can vary depending on the type and quality of hair and other environmental and dietary factors.

FUE: This involves the extraction of the hair follicles from the back of the head (or other donor sites like chest or back) using a small circular instrument. Over the next few days, this is then harvested and then placed back into the recipient area. This gets ‘accepted’ in the new area and then new hair begins to grow after a few days. This entire procedure may need to be repeated until the desired results are achieved. There would be multiple, tiny, non-pigmented dots in the donor site, which may not be a significant cosmetic concern. FUE is often indicated in younger people who have shorter hair styles and have not previous hair transplants without very good results.

 

FUT: Also known as follicular unit strip surgery, this involves removing areas of the scalp which have dense hair growth. A thin layer of the scalp of about 6 to 10 inches is removed and the scalp closed. This is then divided into multiple graft strips which are then transplanted into the recipient area. The surgeon creates holes through needles or a scalpel and then plants the grafts. Another sitting might be required to increase the density of the hair. This is a simple procedure where the hair from one part of the scalp is removed and transferred to the area where there is no hair. FUT is preferred by people who prefer a better quality of hair and slightly longer hair. In both cases, it is always advisable to talk to your doctor about what to expect and have realistic expectations about the results to expect.

Response to the treatment can widely vary across people, and some may require more than one sitting if the desired results are not achieved. Seeing hair grow not just improves appearance but also improves self-image and confidence for a person.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2922 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi this is jaswanth, aged 21, I am suffering from hair fall I had used different types of sprays given by physician, but results was not satisfactory, I am getting baldness at temple side and back area becoming thinning which one is better for me hair transplant are PRP.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please send photos of your head, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, Sir I am 29 years old, I am suffering from androgenic alopecia my front side hair has been lost and crown area is about to get bald, I asked alopathic Dr. He advised me minoxidil suspension, finasteride tabs and ketoconazole shampoo he also told me for hair transplant in front side and to use minoxidil lifelong. Now I don't want to use alopathic because they are harmful for long time, is there any ayurvedic treatment for male pattern baldness? And how much it costs? Is it cost more than hair transplant cost?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please send photos of your head, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I have a 8 cm high forehead since born, it look so bad. Can I go for hair transplant to reduce the 8 cm high forehead to 5 cm forehead? I do not have any hair problem but since born this curse is with me. Please help me.

MCh Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello, Forehead reduction with hair transplant is a good option but may require two session to get natural density. The session will be spread with 6-9 months gap. Consult a hair transplant surgeon.
1 person found this helpful

Hello, I have undergone hair transplant 2 times in 2010 and 2013. First was FUT technique which didn't give me any result as it was done at the crown, I would call it a failure and waste of money. 2nd time in 2013 was FUE (2300 grafts) and it has given me very good results at the front. After this the density at the back of my head has reduced, I want to know what is the probability of under going another hair transplant. I am 34 years old. Thank you.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Hi. Even after undergoing hair transplantation, you need to continue on finasteride and minoxidil for maintenance of hair growth. Donor area should be assessed for hair density, then only can the call be taken. If the donor area hair density is good, you can undergo one more hair transplantation. But remember to apply minoxidil continuously.
5 people found this helpful

Hello, I have hair loss issue since last 4 years. I have lost the considerable volume of hair on my frontal and crown area. I am planning to go for Hair transplant but would only go if the remaining hair won't fall? Is it possible?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please send photos of your head for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?