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Overview

Hair Transplant - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hair Transplantation is a surgical treatment where hair follicles are removed from other parts of the body and are planted on the bald parts, mostly the head. The body part from where the hair is obtained is called the ‘donor site’ and the part of the body where the hair is transplanted is called the ‘recipient side’.

Hair transplantation is mostly used to treat male pattern baldness. Hair follicles which are genetically resistant to balding are typically used in this surgery. One can also opt for hair transplantation for restoring the beard, eyelashes etc.

There are mainly two methods through which the surgery is performed –

  • Follicular Unit Transplantation Method - In this method the individual follicular units are obtained from the back of the head under local anesthesia. The follicular units are cut by using tiny micro-blades. This is a time-consuming process and may take several sittings.
  • Follicular Unit Extraction Method – In this method, skin strips with superior quality hair are removed from the back of the head and are planted on the hairless site or the balding area. This method doesn’t take much time and is also cost efficient.

How is the treatment done?

The treatment includes the following steps:

  • The initial step includes obtaining hair follicles from the back of the hair and relocating them on the hairless area.
  • Prior to the surgery, the donor area is trimmed.
  • Once the hair present in the donor site are trimmed, local anesthesia is applied.
  • Thereafter the tissues containing the bald resistant hair follicles are surgically removed from the donor area.
  • The donor area is sutured. These stiches are removed approximately ten days after the surgery.
  • The surgeon then dissect the donor tissue by viewing it through high powered microscopes. Accordingly they prepare the hair grafts.
  • The recipient site is then prepared with the help of local anesthesia. Trimming or removal of hair is not required to be performed at the recipient area.
  • Tiny incisions are made in the recipient area following an irregular pattern. Thereafter the follicular unit grafts are planted in these incisions.
  • The smaller follicular unit grafts are planted in the frontal part of the hairline and the denser one are planted behind.
  • Post the surgery, the incision marks heal on their own and you would see short hair in that operated area. The redness of the recipient area also disappears within few days.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A person who is suffering from baldness or hair thinning can opt for this treatment after considering the following criteria –

  • The person should have sufficient donor hair.
  • A person who follows a healthy lifestyle so that the immune system is in good condition.
  • In case the person suffers from a chronic disease like diabetes, etc. he/she may or may not be eligible for hair transplant. Therefore it’s wise to discuss the matter with the surgeon.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who faces extensive hair loss is not eligible for hair transplantation as the person will lack sufficient donor follicles. Also people who in spite of suffering from hair thinning have considerably dense hair are not considered suitable for a transplantation surgery. The reason being there won’t be enough place in the recipient area to plant the hair follicles.

People should also avoid this surgery when they are in their early 20s and 30s. It may happen at a later age that they have lost most of their hair and is only left with the surgically implanted hair follicles. Having only few hair follicles in irregular patterns will certainly not make their appearance impressive.

If the person is suffering from hair loss due to any particular medication like chemotherapy, he/she is not eligible for the surgery.

People who have a tendency to form keloid scars after any surgery or injury should also avoid hair transplantation surgery.

Are there any side effects?

Hair transplant does not have any major side effects except for unnatural looking clusters of hair. The minor side effects include infection, bleeding, itching, swelling of the operated area, inflammation, temporary loss of the newly transplanted hair among others. However these side effects disappear within few weeks.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines are –

  • Eat a balanced diet and consume plenty of fluids.
  • Avoid alcohol consumptions and cigarettes.

How long does it take to recover?

The time of recovery varies from person to person. Once the surgery is over; most of the people usually take 10 days to few weeks to recover. However, for some people it may take longer.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price may vary from Rs. 30/- to Rs. 179/- per graft depending on the technology used and the reputation of the clinic.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Hair transplantation surgery provides one with a permanent cure. Along with this the surgery may also boosts the overall hair growth of the operated area. However, one has to wait for at least 6 months to 9 months to witness the results.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are alternatives to this surgery. However whether they provide a permanent solution or not is still not clear. The treatments include oral and topical medications, various herbal hair solutions, low level laser therapy, etc.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: High Price Range: Rs. 30 - Rs. 179 per graft

Popular Health Tips

FUT or FUE Hair Transplant - Which one is right for you?

Dr. Priya Mohod (Shirsat) 90% (374 ratings)
CIDESCO, DGA, DBT, DBC, MBBS
Trichologist, Mumbai
FUT or FUE Hair Transplant - Which one is right for you?
Hair transplant procedures are preferred when opting for hair-loss solutions as they are not only a permanent solution to hair-loss but with the advent of modern technology, it also looks very natural. Today surgeons are capable of transplanting and extracting large number of hair follicles. Currently there are two major methods via which hair transplant procedure is performed. They are known as FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) and FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation). Read on more to find which one you should opt for. Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) Follicular Unit Extraction is a hair transplant procedure in which the hair transplant physicians extract each hair follicle directly from the scalp. It is done randomly and it results in lower density of hair in the donor area which is not noticeable in most cases. Pain Management: In FUE, stitches are unnecessary and there is no existence of any linear scar, so healing time is short and there is almost non-existent post procedural discomfort. Scarring: There is no linear scarring as such in FUE but there are 1mm in diameter or less puncture marks which heal by themselves within 3 to 7 days. Follicular Unit Transplant Follicular Unit Transplant or FUT is the procedure of transplanting your hair by removal of a small strip of tissue from the back of your head. Hair follicles are extracted from there for further use. FUT is recommended in cases of advanced hair loss. FUT also recommended as in most cases, your physician will be able to deliver results which meet your expectations. Pain Management: FUT procedure can cause some pain as swelling may occur in the region from where the tissue has been extracted. Suitable medication can be prescribed by your physician in case the pain persists. Scarring: Opting for a FUT procedure results in a very thin linear scar in the donor region. The scar is very much concealable as it is visible only if you opt for the shortest haircut styles.
4 people found this helpful

Facial Hair - 6 Ways That Can Help You Manage It!

Dr. K Venkata Chalam Chalam 92% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Visakhapatnam
Facial Hair - 6 Ways That Can Help You Manage It!
Facial hair in women can be an embarrassing and touchy subject. While people may notice it and avoid speaking about it, the stare that lasts for just a second longer on your face will be uneasy. It is time you get rid of it and stop grabbing more attention than you need: 1. Hide it: some of the most common methods to hide facial hair are bleaching, threading, waxing, depilation or electrolysis. Each of these methods have their advantages and disadvantages. Bleaching, for example, masks the hair for a while and gives it a golden tinge which still makes it less visible. Threading or waxing has to be undertaken at periodic intervals and both may result in thicker hair growth in the surrounding areas. Women who are regular with their body care regimen can try these methods. 2. Destroy it: use a tweezers to pull it out: this one mostly works on the instinct that you get when you see the hair. It works if you don't have too much hair and just a couple here and there that can be easily pulled out. Sterilize the tweezers with alcohol to avoid infection. You will have to grip near the root and give a firm pull to get rid of the whole thing. It is painful but if done right it can last 3-8 weeks before its replacement shows up. 3. Shave it: yes, women do it too. Apply a shaving gel or foam and use a disposable razor to clip the hair. Though this is relatively less painful, hair growth afterwards is quite fast so you'll have to be careful to add it to your schedule often enough. 4. Try natural methods: it is slow but cheap and reliable. The visible effects of using natural ingredients for hair removal happens only over a period of time but the results are well worth the wait. Turmeric powder is an ancient remedy for facial and body hair - so much so that indian brides follow a traditional'haldi' routine before their wedding. Other natural ingredients you can try include gram flour (besan) and sugar was. You can also give a good rub with a pumice stone. 5. Try electrolysis: it is the only permanent method but is tedious and requires multiple sessions. It is usually recommended if there are few thick hair limited to one part of body. In this method hair root is destroyed with the help of thin metallic probe connected to a machine through which electricity is delivered to hair roots. 6. Try a laser treatment: laser is one of the most effective treatments for unwanted body hair. The bright beams of heat and light from the laser directly reaches the roots of the hair, removing it and preventing re-growth for a fair period of time. The downside is that it'll take a few months and prove to be expensive but the results can be well worth the wait as it can permanently remove hair. You may also need multiple sittings to destroy the hair growth completely. If peace of mind is your criteria, then go for it. If excessive hair is stopping you from living and enjoying your life, consult a professional who can help you find a way.

Hair Transplant FUE Technique - Know Everything About It!

Dr. Deepak Kothari 92% (1329 ratings)
M Ch. Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Durg
Hair Transplant FUE Technique - Know Everything About It!
Hair transplant is a surgical procedure that is used to move hair follicles from one location in the body to another. The part from which the hair follicles are taken is known as the donor site and the location where it is moved to is called the recipient site . Patients who undergo hair transplants often come across the terms FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction). Follicular Unit Extraction is a procedure which involves the singular extraction of each hair follicle without any removal of strip of tissue. Random removal of hair follicle takes place which causes minimal and unnoticeable changes in the donor area. Fewer amounts of hair are transplanted as the follicles are removed one at a time which makes it beneficial for the removal of lesser hair as compared to the traditional FUT procedure. The Procedure In FUE, singular removal of hair follicles is done using specialized equipment that generally consists of a needle which has a diameter less than one mm. The needle is targeted at the base of the hair follicles. At this spot, a circular incision is made. Another instrument, similar to tweezers, is used to dislodge the hair follicle from the scalp. Post- Surgery Management: Stretches are not needed in Follicular Unit Extraction. Additionally, there is almost no post procedural discomfort. Since the occurrence of any scar is absent, healing time is generally less. However, puncture marks which have a diameter of 1 mm or less are common. These marks heal by themselves within 3 to 7 days. It takes three to six months for the hair to look natural once again. The initial scars heal quickly and daily activities can be resumed the very next day. Advantages: Perspective of the surgeon: Lesser manpower, when compared to FUT, is needed i.e. a single doctor with a maximum of two assistants can run a clinic. Lesser equipment is needed. Graft preparation is minimal. Perspective of the Patient: Can sport short hair. Less post-operative recovery time. Microscopic scars in the donor site are nearly invisible. Body hair can be used for added density only in this technique. Can be used to cover pre-existing scar of surgery. Hair transplant is a surgical procedure that is used to move hair follicles from one location in the body to another. The part from which the hair follicles are taken is known as the donor site and the location where it is moved to is called the recipient site . Patients who undergo hair transplants often come across the terms FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction). Follicular Unit Extraction is a procedure which involves the singular extraction of each hair follicle without any removal of strip of tissue. Random removal of hair follicle takes place which causes minimal and unnoticeable changes in the donor area. Fewer amounts of hair are transplanted as the follicles are removed one at a time which makes it beneficial for the removal of lesser hair as compared to the traditional FUT procedure. The Procedure In FUE, singular removal of hair follicles is done using specialized equipment that generally consists of a needle which has a diameter less than one mm. The needle is targeted at the base of the hair follicles. At this spot, a circular incision is made. Another instrument, similar to tweezers, is used to dislodge the hair follicle from the scalp. Post- Surgery Management: Stretches are not needed in Follicular Unit Extraction. Additionally, there is almost no post-procedural discomfort. Since the occurrence of any scar is absent, healing time is generally less. However, puncture marks which have a diameter of 1 mm or less are common. These marks heal by themselves within 3 to 7 days. It takes three to six months for the hair to look natural once again. The initial scars heal quickly and daily activities can be resumed the very next day. Advantages: Perspective of the surgeon: Lesser manpower, when compared to FUT, is needed i.e. a single doctor with a maximum of two assistants can run a clinic. Lesser equipment is needed. Perspective of the Patient: Can sport short hair. Less post-operative recovery time. Microscopic scars in the donor site are nearly invisible. Body hair can be used for added density only in this technique. Can be used to cover pre-existing scar of surgery. Graft preparation is minimal.

Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): What Should You Know?

Dr. Sasikumar Muthu 84% (65 ratings)
MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Chennai
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): What Should You Know?
What is FUE Hair transplant? Follicular Unit Extraction is most widely used and the most reliable method of hair transplant being utilized for the permanent and scar-less restoration of hair. FUE is so effective surgical method that it is impossible to distinguish transplanted hair from natural hair. Results are natural and undetectable. How is FUE done? The procedure is performed in the OPD under Local Anaesthesia. Anaesthesia is given to prevent any discomfort to the patient during the procedure. FUE is the method of extraction donor hair directly from donor site in a follicular unit hair transplant procedure. An instrument is used to make small circular incisions in the skin around a follicular unit while separating it from the surrounding tissue. The follicular unit is directly extracted from the scalp leaving a small open hole. This process continues until the surgeon accumulates large number of follicular units for the planned hair restoration. For single session, this procedure can take two to three hours whereas for long session, it may be accomplished over two consecutive days. The donor scars are approximately 1mm in size which completely heals within ten days. Before the grafts are harvested, tiny 'recipient sites'; are made in the balding area of the scalp using a fine needle-point instrument. The follicular units are then placed into the recipient sites where they will grow into healthy hair-producing follicles. The creation of recipient sites and the placing of follicular unit grafts are essentially the same in both FUE and FUT procedures. The difference lies in the appearance of the donor area and in the quality and quantity of grafts obtained with each technique. How is the healing phase after an FUE? The donor wounds, approximately 1-mm in size, completely heal over the course of seven to ten days, leaving tiny white scars buried in the hair in the back and sides of the scalp. When does the hair begin growing? The transplanted hair generally shed within 2 to 6 weeks after the surgery as roots enter in resting phase. Within three to eight months, transplanted roots start sprouting hair. It takes ten to twelve months to have denser hair as hair continue to mature and thicken gradually. Once transplanted hair begin to grow, it will continue to do so for lifetime. What is biostimulated FUE? It comprises of hair transplantation by FUE along with 3 sessions of Platelet rich plasma therapy which simultaneously enhance residual hairs as well as transplanted hairs by presence of high concentration of growth factors directly near the hair roots and stimulation of STEM CELLS. In this hair follicles to be transplanted are preserved in a special solution enriched with patient's own growth factors and at the end of surgery this concentrated solution of growth factors is injected into the whole affected area. With biostimulation, a good proportion of transplanted hairs remain in growth phase (ANAGEN) and directly start growing after transplantation.
1 person found this helpful

Hair Transplant Surgery- Know Its After Care!

Dr. Sasikumar Muthu 84% (65 ratings)
MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Chennai
Hair Transplant Surgery- Know Its After Care!
Immediately after hair transplantation, you need to exercise little extra care to derive the best benefits. This includes immediate postoperative care, some common with most other surgeries and some very specific to hair transplantation. The following things will happen immediately after transplant, throughout the first week: Immediately after surgery, like any other surgery requiring anesthesia, there will be slight drowsiness and so it is advisable to arrange for a drive. Expect some mild swelling and soreness that can be managed with rest and anti-inflammatories. There will also be a tight and itchy feeling in areas where transplant has been done. Spray water or saline every half an hour to keep the scalp moist in both the recipient and the donor sites. This promotes healing and also reduces the itchy feeling in these sites. Thermal shock would be applied to areas to damage the existing follicles and new stem cells would be transplanted. This can also produce a warm feeling, sometimes referred to as 'thermal shock'. In some people, there could be scab formation which occurs due to fall of the topmost transplanted hair follicles. If you have undergone a micrograft, then you will have a compression bandage around your head. This should be in place for a day and will cause a tight feeling. Sleep with your head elevated with a couple of pillows. The first day after surgery, hair needs to be washed under the supervision of a physician or a nurse. Use a shampoo, which contains tea tree oil. It is recommended to shampoo your hair regularly from day 2, as it is required to remove the dirt, blood, and oil that often accumulates at the recipient's site. This also helps to controlling infection, which is common post surgery. Wait for at least 14 days before you resume coloring your hair, use of hair sprays, gels, and other hair care products. All transplant surgeries require stitches. If the suture material is absorbable, there is no need to follow-up for removal. If it is not of absorbable material, they need to be removed after 2 weeks' time. Please do not get into a regular exercise routine for up to 6 weeks. Cycling, gymming, swimming, golfing, etc., are to be avoided until the scalp is completely dry and to avoid stretching of the scar. Everyone's body is unique and responds differently to hair transplantation. Go for periodic review with your doctor to understand how your body is responding.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Which transplant technique method is good for hair FUE, FUT, DHI which one is safe? Please advice

Dr. Navanit Manna 91% (73 ratings)
Certificate Programme In Aesthetic Medcine
Trichologist, Kolkata
There are basically two techniques FUT and FUE. DHI is just another form of FUE. FUE is much more safe, less painful, less downtime and results are comparatively better and faster if done from a proper place.
1 person found this helpful

I am hepatitis B positive. Can I take prp therapy after hair transplant. I have done hair transplant in this november.

Dr. Archana Agarwal 92% (229 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Hello. Prp therapy will not be a problem for you. But as hepatitis B can be easily spread with any direct bl. Contact, so the physicial who is giving therapy will be at high risk.
1 person found this helpful

Sir I'm Done my hair transplant in Delhi 10 Oct 2017 now I complete 3 months of my hair transplant can I take alcohol or not?

Dr. K V Anand 94% (21542 ratings)
BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate-user. Thanks for the question. I can understand. Because alcohol thins the blood and can interfere with anesthesia (though this is less of a concern in modern hair restoration surgery), your surgeon probably does not want you to drink before the procedure because of potential bleeding. Talk to your doctor regarding the doubt. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

Tell me about prp treatment and suggest some best hospitals for PRP treatment in Hyderabad.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 92% (22549 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Platelet-rich plasma ( PRP ) injections bathe troubled cells in a concentrated mixture of platelets from your own blood. Platelets are involved in clotting and wound healing, and so the more-is-better hope is that they'll stimulate healing “naturally” — regenerative medicine, supposedly.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Hair Transplant & Important Facts!

Dr. Ramakant Bembde 90% (104 ratings)
MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, DNB (Plastic Surgery)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Aurangabad
Hair transplant surgery is only for men. True or false? Take the quiz to know now.
Start Quiz

Hair Transplant - Facts and Myths

Dr. Yv Rao 84% (333 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M.Ch - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Visakhapatnam
Will the outcome of a hair transplant be as natural as you think? Take the quiz to know now.
Start Quiz

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