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Overview

Hair Transplant - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hair Transplantation is a surgical treatment where hair follicles are removed from other parts of the body and are planted on the bald parts, mostly the head. The body part from where the hair is obtained is called the ‘donor site’ and the part of the body where the hair is transplanted is called the ‘recipient side’.

Hair transplantation is mostly used to treat male pattern baldness. Hair follicles which are genetically resistant to balding are typically used in this surgery. One can also opt for hair transplantation for restoring the beard, eyelashes etc.

There are mainly two methods through which the surgery is performed –

  • Follicular Unit Transplantation Method - In this method the individual follicular units are obtained from the back of the head under local anesthesia. The follicular units are cut by using tiny micro-blades. This is a time-consuming process and may take several sittings.
  • Follicular Unit Extraction Method – In this method, skin strips with superior quality hair are removed from the back of the head and are planted on the hairless site or the balding area. This method doesn’t take much time and is also cost efficient.

How is the treatment done?

The treatment includes the following steps:

  • The initial step includes obtaining hair follicles from the back of the hair and relocating them on the hairless area.
  • Prior to the surgery, the donor area is trimmed.
  • Once the hair present in the donor site are trimmed, local anesthesia is applied.
  • Thereafter the tissues containing the bald resistant hair follicles are surgically removed from the donor area.
  • The donor area is sutured. These stiches are removed approximately ten days after the surgery.
  • The surgeon then dissect the donor tissue by viewing it through high powered microscopes. Accordingly they prepare the hair grafts.
  • The recipient site is then prepared with the help of local anesthesia. Trimming or removal of hair is not required to be performed at the recipient area.
  • Tiny incisions are made in the recipient area following an irregular pattern. Thereafter the follicular unit grafts are planted in these incisions.
  • The smaller follicular unit grafts are planted in the frontal part of the hairline and the denser one are planted behind.
  • Post the surgery, the incision marks heal on their own and you would see short hair in that operated area. The redness of the recipient area also disappears within few days.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A person who is suffering from baldness or hair thinning can opt for this treatment after considering the following criteria –

  • The person should have sufficient donor hair.
  • A person who follows a healthy lifestyle so that the immune system is in good condition.
  • In case the person suffers from a chronic disease like diabetes, etc. he/she may or may not be eligible for hair transplant. Therefore it’s wise to discuss the matter with the surgeon.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who faces extensive hair loss is not eligible for hair transplantation as the person will lack sufficient donor follicles. Also people who in spite of suffering from hair thinning have considerably dense hair are not considered suitable for a transplantation surgery. The reason being there won’t be enough place in the recipient area to plant the hair follicles.

People should also avoid this surgery when they are in their early 20s and 30s. It may happen at a later age that they have lost most of their hair and is only left with the surgically implanted hair follicles. Having only few hair follicles in irregular patterns will certainly not make their appearance impressive.

If the person is suffering from hair loss due to any particular medication like chemotherapy, he/she is not eligible for the surgery.

People who have a tendency to form keloid scars after any surgery or injury should also avoid hair transplantation surgery.

Are there any side effects?

Hair transplant does not have any major side effects except for unnatural looking clusters of hair. The minor side effects include infection, bleeding, itching, swelling of the operated area, inflammation, temporary loss of the newly transplanted hair among others. However these side effects disappear within few weeks.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines are –

  • Eat a balanced diet and consume plenty of fluids.
  • Avoid alcohol consumptions and cigarettes.

How long does it take to recover?

The time of recovery varies from person to person. Once the surgery is over; most of the people usually take 10 days to few weeks to recover. However, for some people it may take longer.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price may vary from Rs. 30/- to Rs. 179/- per graft depending on the technology used and the reputation of the clinic.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Hair transplantation surgery provides one with a permanent cure. Along with this the surgery may also boosts the overall hair growth of the operated area. However, one has to wait for at least 6 months to 9 months to witness the results.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are alternatives to this surgery. However whether they provide a permanent solution or not is still not clear. The treatments include oral and topical medications, various herbal hair solutions, low level laser therapy, etc.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: High Price Range: Rs. 30 - Rs. 179 per graft

Popular Health Tips

FUE Hair Transplant - Reasons To Opt For This Technique

DVDL, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
FUE Hair Transplant - Reasons To Opt For This Technique

Hair transplant is a surgical procedure that is used to move hair follicles from one location in the body to another. The part from which the hair follicles are taken is known as the “donor site” and the location where it is moved to is called the “recipient site”. Patients who undergo hair transplants often come across the terms FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction).

Follicular Unit Extraction is a procedure which involves the singular extraction of each hair follicle without any removal of strip of tissue. Random removal of hair follicle takes place which causes minimal and unnoticeable changes in the donor area. Fewer amounts of hair are transplanted as the follicles are removed one at a time which makes it beneficial for the removal of lesser hair as compared to the traditional FUT procedure.

The Procedure

In FUE, singular removal of hair follicles is done using specialized equipment that generally consists of a needle which has a diameter less than one mm. The needle is targeted at the base of the hair follicles. At this spot, a circular incision is made. Another instrument, similar to tweezers, is used to dislodge the hair follicle from the scalp.

Post- Surgery Management:

Stretches are not needed in Follicular Unit Extraction. Additionally, there is almost no post procedural discomfort. Since the occurrence of any scar is absent, healing time is generally less. However, puncture marks which have a diameter of 1 mm or less are common. These marks heal by themselves within 3 to 7 days. It takes three to six months for the hair to look natural once again. The initial scars heal quickly and daily activities can be resumed the very next day.

Advantages:

Perspective of the surgeon:

  1. Lesser manpower, when compared to FUT, is needed i.e. a single doctor with a maximum of two assistants can run a clinic.

  2. Lesser equipment is needed.

  3. Graft preparation is minimal.

Perspective of the Patient:

  1. Can sport short hair.

  2. Less post-operative recovery time.

  3. Microscopic scars in the donor site are nearly invisible.

  4. Body hair can be used for added density only in this technique.

  5. Can be used to cover pre-existing scar of surgery.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3825 people found this helpful

Things You Need To Learn About Hair Transplant Procedure!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Trichologist, Delhi
Things You Need To Learn About Hair Transplant Procedure!

David Beckham’s recent discussion with his wife Victoria Beckham was only on one unpredictable question: ’Can David look so good even after undergoing a hair transplant procedure?’ This could have only been about their much-awaited reunion. The one who has not witnessed hair transplant, they all say that ‘he has not undergone any hair transplant procedure ever.' He has been very frank in his interviews about hair transplant. Chances of Beckham doing the hair transplant are high, as his teammate Wayne Rooney has also done that and got fabulous results.

Here are the things which you will learn after undergoing the procedure:

  • Hair transplant has become very popular nowadays but nobody knows exactly what it is; not even our so-called intelligent friends.
  • They often misunderstand it as plucking hair from someone’s head and glueing it on the affected area of your head or cutting hair from your head and placing on the area where it is needed or plucking hair from any other body part and placing it on the affected area of your head.
  • Basically, it is not like this fantasies.it simply involves plucking of hairs from your head where the hair growth is good and inserting them on the affected area of your head where you need them the most.

There are 3 different techniques of hair transplant, namely

  • Direct Hair Implantation (DHI)
  • Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
  • Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT).

Let us know some details about these techniques.

  1. DHI: It is the most advanced technology which gives you a natural hairline because it needs multiple sessions and in this, single hair strand is plucked and placed where they are needed. The instruments which are used in DHI are of single-use which gives a better control over angle and depth. DHI hair transplants work.
  2. FUT: It is no longer in existence.
  3. FUE: It needs only 1 session thus the results are not that good.

After undergoing hair transplant you will start noticing people and their hair, this is the drastic behavioral change you will notice in yourself with boosted self-confidence. As it is a basic human nature. You start paying attention to other’s hair and start comparing with yours. You start thinking over many minute things. DHI does transform your life

Consider DHI if you are in a way to get bald soon because getting your crown back is what makes you more confident. In every field, men who had undergone hair transplant scored high than their pre-transplant selves.
Last but not the least, one important thing you’ll learn after undergoing DHI is that it’s a journey of transformation. ‘Invest in your hair; as it’s the crown you never take off’.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

16 people found this helpful

Right Time To Get A Hair Transplant!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Right Time To Get A Hair Transplant!

Premature hair thinning, receding hairline, increased hair fall and other problems related to your scalp are directly proportional to your psychological health. Being overly concerned about one's physical appearance does not always result from vanity. It could be the plain and simple desire of being acceptable to oneself. Today surgeons are capable of transplanting and extracting large number of hair follicles.

The reasons when one may opt for a hair transplant are:

  1. Traction alopecia: This type of hair loss occurs due to exertion of external pressure on the hair which may cause it to fall. If the hair does not grow back then it would result in a bald patch. Thus you may opt for a hair transplant procedure if you suffer from this disorder and experience loss of hair.
  2. Involutional alopecia: It is a form of alopecia where the hair growth tends to decrease due to ageing resulting in thinning and shorter hair. The follicles remain in the telogen phase (resting phase) for an extended amount of time. You may opt for a hair transplant surgery to correct this disorder.
  3. Trichotillomania: This is a psychological condition where a person pulls out his/her hair. If excessive hair is lost, resulting in bald spots, then you may opt for hair transplant surgery.

Hair transplant surgery is naturally a lasting and safe treatment for hair loss, as the chances for your body to reject the intervention in the form of implanted hair is minimal. This is because the technique that is used involves taking your own hair out from the follicle roots, (mostly from areas like the neck or the back and sides of your head) where they are not needed so much and place them in specially designed holes in the bald areas. Since no external factors are involved, the body does not tend to reject the transplant.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4670 people found this helpful

Hair Transplant - 10 Facts You Must Be Aware Of!

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship Reconstructive Microsurgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Gurgaon
Hair Transplant - 10 Facts You Must Be Aware Of!

If you are thinking about undergoing hair transplantation, it is important for you to know about the procedure in detail, and the various steps it involves. Hair transplantation is a surgical technique in which hair follicles from the donor site are moved to a bald or balding part called the recipient site. The procedure is commonly used for treating male pattern baldness.

This is a minimally invasive procedure in which grafts containing hair follicles are transplanted to the bald scalp. Here are some facts about hair transplantation you should know about: 

  1. This is a surgical procedure which yields permanent results. You should undertake proper research before going for hair transplantation. Choosing the right surgeon is very important.
  2. Several factors are considered to assess a person’s donor supply. These include the examination of your scalp by means of a Densitometer. The scalp laxity of the patient is another important factor.
  3. It is recommended not to move a large amount of hair during a single transplantation session. Extra long sessions are associated with the risk of sub-optimal growth.
  4. There are limitations on the blood supply of the scalp for sustaining the growth of newly transplanted grafts. In case of very large grafts, overwhelming blood supply results in poor hair growth.
  5. The chances of a successful hair transplant are more in patients who are older. Hair loss starting at an early age is unpredictable and increases the chances of extensive hair loss in the future.
  6. A hair transplant takes almost one full year to mature completely. The hair grows at a slow rate that is hard to notice.
  7. In spite of technological advances in hair restoration, doctors are dependent on a person’s donor supply which is limited. In many cases, the donor area is too thin to aid hair transplantation.
  8. The density depends on the amount of hair that is transplanted to a certain area, and not on the size of the grafts.
  9. In case of a scalp reduction, the size of a bald area is decreased by cutting it out. For closing the gap, the scalp has to be advanced from the sides and back of the scalp.
  10. Many people think that laser hair transplant is a modern procedure, while actually it was introduced about twelve years ago. It is usually not employed by the best hair transplant surgeons. Lasers are not an integral part of hair transplantation as they are only used for making the recipient sites during the surgery. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3438 people found this helpful

Hair Transplant - Do's & Don'ts You Must Be Aware Of!

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Surat
Hair Transplant - Do's & Don'ts You Must Be Aware Of!

Are you planning on undergoing hair transplantation because of extensive hair loss? A hair transplantation surgery is effective in making up your lost hair, but there are several facts you should know before undergoing the procedure. There are certain strict do’s and don’ts associated with hair transplantation, both before and after the process.

Before hair transplantation
Do's

  • Wash your hair well before the surgery day on the morning of the surgery.
  • Wear clothes which do not need to be pulled off over your head after the surgery.
  • Arrange for transportation for going back home.

Don’ts

  • Do not take aspirin or other anti-inflammatory medicines for seven days before the procedure.
  • Do not consume alcohol, take vitamin B, E supplements for seven days before the surgery.
  • Do not smoke for three days before, and on the day of the surgery.

After hair transplantation

Do’s

  • Remember all instructions given by the surgeon for care after the procedure. Although there are general guides for care, you should listen to your surgeon and his guidelines.
  • Try keeping your scalp dry on the first day after transplantation, which enables your skin to heal.
  • Keep your scalp clean during the recovery process. Soreness and numbness may be felt, and you should not put anything on your scalp that may cause side effects.
  • Take proper care of your scar. Scarring and itching are likely and you should deal with these using topical creams prescribed by your surgeon.
  • You may take painkiller medications to ease discomfort and pain, three to four hours after the procedure.

Don’ts

  • Avoid exposure to direct sunlight immediately after the hair transplantation, and also for the next few days.
  • Avoid touching or fidgeting with your grafted scalp. Picking and rubbing your sore scalp may cause the new grafts to fall out before getting the chance to grow.
  • Do not take alcohol for the first five days after the hair transplantation procedure.
  • Abstain from smoking for one month after the procedure as it disrupts the flow of blood to your hair follicles.
  • Do not involve yourself in any form of sports activity or exercise right after the procedure. You may resume working out after a period of ten days, and you must wait for one month to get back to other physical activities and sports.
  • Avoid engaging in activities which result in intense sweating. Sweating enhances the risk of infections to your grafted scalp. You should also avoid steam baths or sauna treatments for one month after the procedure.

In case you are a diabetic, you need to talk to your surgeon about ways of handling your diet and insulin management, before and on the day of the hair transplantation procedure.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3961 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have continuous hair fall. Thinking for hair transplant. Is there any serious issue related to hair transplants. And also suggest any budget range hospital for the same in Delhi with good reputation in related department.

MBBS, MD (Skin & V.D. MAMC) - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Health Tips For Control Of Hair Fall Hair fall is experienced by most individuals in their lifetime. Most of the time hair fall goes unnoticed if the density of hair is good. Patients experience the hair fall though they are taking good diet and infact water intake is normal and even if they do not have any significant systemic disease. 1.Don't go for hair straightening and vigrous heat treatments if you are having hair fall. Its a myth that straightening would prevent hair fall. 2.Cover your hair when you are taking steam, sauana,or hot water bath 3.Treat your hair as a baby and pamper them. Do not use harsh shampoos and soap instead use a mild medicated shampoo and conditioner and infact wash your hair minimum twice in a week 4. Do not comb the hair when they are wet, let them dry a bit before you comb 5. You can oil the hair 1 hr. Before shampooing or washing, no neec to apply oil overnight. 6.Males And females have different pattern of hair loss and needs seperate consideration and treatment. 7. Wash your hair preferrably with luke warm water, avoid using hard water or underground water for washing them. 8.Hair Fall May expose some areas if your scalp, try to change combing pattern and do not tie your hair very tight. 9. Anti hair fall shampoos and serums may be applied after consultation with the dermatologist Hair fall or loss is a multifactorial problem where hereditary along with environmental factors and diet play an important role. Iron deficiency along with essential things like biotin, vitamin A along with other nutrients have a major role to play. Serums,tablets along with specified shampoos and conditioners can also help. Most of the time, this loss is progressive and may take 4-6 months to respond to treatment. Sooner the treatment is started better are the results. Though it's important to understand that some alopecia problems may not respond to best of the treatment modalities .So it's important to consult a good dermatologist on time .Mesotherapy and Prp are promising therapies which can be tried. All these treatment definitely need maintenance sessions along with local lotions application under the supervision of dermatologist. Patients need multiple sessions for better outcome along with medical analysis .One can take biotin tablets along with Vitamin A rich diet and lots of red wine grapes with seeds. For hair loss treatment PRP is a good option. Prp is a very technique sensitive procedure and ideally should be done by an experienced doctor for best possible results. Ideally the concentration of injected Prp in the scalp should be 5-7 times of your blood level platelets. We follow an international protocol along with Mesotherapy, microneedling and laser therapy along with other options. If you can share your mobile no we can send you few Pre and post patients photographs.
6 people found this helpful

I am suffering from hair loss since last 7 years and now I have baldness. Can baldness be cured by medicines or only hair transplant is the solution?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Yes. You are suffering from hormonal changes causing Androgenetic alopecia causing hair fall. It's completely stoppable even regrowth of hair is possible with certain medications without any side effects. Treatment depends on the grade of hair loss. So, it's a must for diagnosing which grade, you are in for an effective treatment. Please meet me in my clinic or do direct personal online consultation by sending photos for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.
4 people found this helpful

Sir I'm Done my hair transplant in Delhi 10 Oct 2017 now I complete 3 months of my hair transplant can I take alcohol or not?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate-user. Thanks for the question. I can understand. Because alcohol thins the blood and can interfere with anesthesia (though this is less of a concern in modern hair restoration surgery), your surgeon probably does not want you to drink before the procedure because of potential bleeding. Talk to your doctor regarding the doubt. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

I am 24 years old. I am currently working in UAE. I have hair loss problem. I already loss 40% hair in my front sidside. I want to go hair transplant. Hair transplant is good or not. I need your advice.

Certificate Programme In Aesthetic Medcine
Trichologist, Kolkata
Hair Transplant is really good if you get it done from a proper place, who knows the job. Along with Transplant you need to maintain your existing hairs also.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?