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Overview

Forgetfulness: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Forgetfulness has anumber of common synonyms such as inattention, absentmindedness, heedlessness and memory loss. However, forgetfulness may be associated with diseases like amnesia, dementia and Alzheimer’s.

How is the treatment done?

Treatment of forgetfulness mainly depends on the cause of it. If forgetfulness is a result of amnesia or PTSD, it can be treated with therapy and is not irreversible. However, if forgetfulness is a symptom of Alzheimer’s or dementia, it cannot be reversed. There are still ways to help the patient and family cope, but there is no treatment available for this sort of forgetfulness. This condition is also often associated with a probability of memory loss. The memory loss might be short term and long term as well. The condition of forgetfulness may occur due to some past trauma or accident and people who suffer from this condition only remember parts and portions of the memory. The ones who are suffering from this disease often go through a lot of stress when they try to recall a certain incident and it often hurts certain nerves in their brain. Due to this condition one might also face difficulty in carrying out day to day activities and forget what they have learned. In a severe condition of memory loss, one might forget who they are and might not recognize anyone around him/her, not even their family members. The treatment should begin from an early stage otherwise it can lead to complete memory impairment.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A doctor may recommend physical, neurological and psychiatric tests to determine the real cause of forgetfulness. Urine and blood tests may be conducted by the doctor to find any related problems. Mental abilities may also be tested through tests of memory, problem solving, language and counting. A CT scan may help the doctor rule out a curable disorder and a scan also helps reveal what ar the normal age related changes in the brain. Progressive scans can reveal the changes in the brain over time. It is extremely important for persons with irreversible conditions like dementia to control high blood pressure, monitor and treat high blood cholesterol and diabetes, and to totally avoid smoking to prevent further complications. A person with dementia, though it is incurable, should be under a doctor's care, and may see a neurologist, psychiatrist, family doctor, or geriatrician. The doctor can treat the physical and behavioral problems of the patient and answer the numerous questions that the person or family may have. Doctors may prescribe various medications to reduce or cure depression, agitation, anxiety or sleeping problems. These are commonly noticed in people suffering from dementia. Though there is no special dietary requirement or diet that can prevent dementia, it is important to maintain good health by having a balanced diet. This can prevent many further health problems.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Those suffering from curable conditions like PTSD and amnesia can receive treatment. However, there is no treatment for Alzheimer’s and dementia. In case of early onset, therapy may help the patient and the family cope, but there is no treatment for the later stages of the aforementioned diseases.

Are there any side effects?

Treatment may help people in whom these conditions have set in early. Early therapy and treatment may greatly help the patient and the patient’s family adjust and cope with the condition. Those who have progressed too far into the condition will unfortunately not find any help from treatment though, therapy can help the patient and their family cope.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Treatment for forgetfulness involves treatment of the condition causing it , which may vary from dementia to Alzheimer’s to global amnesia to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Patients may suffer side effects from medications prescribed for various related problems. There are no medicines for forgetfulness as such. Most medicines given are to control and counter problems like depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, behavioural problems and associated physical problems. Patients must notify doctors about all allergies and intolerances prior to treatment. This will ensure that there are no side effects.

How long does it take to recover?

Post prescribing the medicines, the doctor must ensure that the patient follows guidelines and consumes the medicines according to his instructions. It is also important for people suffering from Alzheimer’s and dementia to maintain a balanced diet. This will keep them in overall good health which is absolutely vital in order to ensure that the condition does not escalate or worsen. It is also important for patients to receive a lot of love, care and attention from their caregivers.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

In case of amnesia and PTSD, speedy recovery may happen due to proper therapy and medical attention. It is however, more permanent in case of Alzheimer’s and dementia. Therapy may make it easier to cope with the condition but there is no full recovery in this case.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Treatment depends on what the doctor prescribes, which may include neurological, physical and psychiatric aspects. A CT scan may cost anywhere between 6000 to 12000 rupees depending on the quality. The doctor is likely to prescribe antidepressants and other medications to cope with behavioural problems like anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, etc. These are rather expensive. So is therapy which is often recommended to cope with the condition, especially for the family.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

It is likely that once amnesia is treated, forgetfulness will not occur again, unless there is an accident which causes amnesia. PTSD, once treated through therapy, may recur. Dementia and Alzheimer’s cannot be treated and therefore, there is no question of their treatment being permanent.

Safety: Symptom Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Very Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Rs. 6,000 to Rs. 15,000

Popular Health Tips

What Is Dissociative Amnesia? How Can It Be Treated?

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DPM Psychological Medicine
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
What Is Dissociative Amnesia? How Can It Be Treated?

While it is common nature to forget some things at some times, if there is a pattern to one’s forgetfulness, it is a cause for concern. Caused by trauma or stress, dissociative amnesia is a condition where the person cannot recall important personal information. In cases of abuse or war, the person dissociates himself/herself from that period in his life and therefore tends to forget information relating to that period of life. The memory, awareness, identity and perception of the person are affected. The work life, social life, and relationships could be affected adversely.

Causes: This is generally seen in people who have had bad experiences in terms of war, sexual abuse, accidents and natural disasters. The memories associated with these incidents get buried deeply and are not recalled by the person. This leads to memory loss and on further probing, it is usually noted that there is a genetic connection, with some other close relative also having this condition. It is also more common in women than in men.

Types: The person would have memory loss with forgetfulness. This memory loss can be localised, generalised, or selective.

  1. Localised amnesia: Very closely linked to trauma or stress, there is an inability to recall a specific event or happenings during a specific period of time. For example, forgetting the year or month of sexual abuse or time spent in war. The memory loss is detected long after the actual event and the period of memory loss could vary from days to months.
  2. Selective amnesia: People with selective amnesia forget only some portion of the event from a certain period in their lives.
  3. Generalised amnesia: These people forget their identity and complete life history – their identity, where they are, people they interact with, and also their conversations. The onset is usually sudden in these people. Systematised amnesia is when information in a specific category (about a particular person or place) is completely forgotten.

Treatment:

Psychotherapy and supportive treatment as a combination work effectively in managing dissociative amnesia. Supportive treatment usually is sufficient in cases of localised memory loss. Often, hypnosis and psychotherapy are also required. The patients also need to be talked into believing that they were not at fault (especially in sexual abuse cases) and that they should move on with life. These people may have problems arising out of that period, which also needs to be resolved. For instance, a person involved in serious combat may think how he has let down his family, a sexually abused person may feel ashamed of the event.
Talking to a psychotherapist about the episode is the only way to identify the exact cause and come to terms with the condition. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4635 people found this helpful

Concentration Issue - How Can It Be Managed?

M.A. Clinical Psychology, Diploma In Counselling, Diploma In Mental Illness
Psychologist, Kolkata
Concentration Issue - How Can It Be Managed?

ADHD, CDD, short-term memory loss, forgetfulness, insomnia and so many more terminologies we would have come across very often. They all seem to have evolved from a common origin and that is concentration issues. Have you pondered on these questions!! Why can’t it be easy to concentrate? Why can’t it be easy to remember everything? If yes, then read on to know more.

Concentrate! Focus! Pay attention! These are not just words but one huge and complicated process in itself. Many children and as well as adults often develop this issue wherein they find extremely difficult to concentrate.

Science behind concentration issues: When an individual performs a single task; for example reading a book, the image of what he is seeing hits the retina. From the retina, the nerve fibres carry the image to the brain which stimulates the brain cells to fire an action potential. The signal from here moves to the thalamus and proceeds to the visual cortex. This signal activates locus coeruleus which is a brain stimulant. It targets the particular area of the brain becoming the deciding factor as to how one responds to a stimulus, which in this case is an image. When there is deregulation of the locus coeruleus, it is then that a person develops disorders like ADHA, anxiety, depression, insomnia and others.

Factors influencing concentration:
Concentration is a skill that requires you to prioritize your senses while doing any work. It is an ability to block out distractions.

  • Dedication to the task
  • Interest in the task
  • One’s ability to complete the task
  • Physical and emotional state
  • Conducive environment with few distractions.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and concentration deficit disorder (CDD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and concentration deficit disorder (CDD) are the two predominant concentration issues. The first one is more common among the children while the latter is observed in mostly the adults. Any individual with ADHD or CDD can show abnormalities in their behavior and social life.

ADHD individuals tend to be forgetful and face problems sticking to one task and may even display excessive fidgeting. CDD individuals tend to be lethargic, move slowly and have trouble in staying alert. Adults may become socially withdrawn and exhibit slow information processing.

Solutions for concentration issues:
Concentration issues require a lot of time to be overcome. You can try to figure out what causes the distractions and avoid them as much as possible by refocusing your mind only on what you are doing. You can give yourself timers which comprise of “distraction time” and “focus time”. This strategy helps if one’s mind is actively processing other things. You may also create subtasks by listing the things you need to do and then ruling out one by one once you accomplish them. Always breathe better and try for long inhalation and exhalation. This helps to bring down your anxiety levels which hinder the concentration.

Though the above-mentioned strategies are just to help you improve your concentration they are not the ultimate cure for any of the issues. Every individual is unique and sometimes accepting oneself can solve many complications as it reduces the need for unnecessary thinking. Always bear positive thoughts in your mind as it will act as a driving source.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3978 people found this helpful

9 Early Symptoms of Dementia!

DPM Psychiatrist
Psychiatrist, Lucknow
9 Early Symptoms of Dementia!

With age, just like other body functions, the mind too begins to slow down. This could lead to problems in communication, focus, recall, reasoning, and thinking. So with dementia, the person faces problems which are a combination of above-mentioned activities. Dementia is a symptom associated with many diseases and is not a disease on its own.

Alzheimer’s is the main cause of dementia, followed by stroke or brain injury, Huntington’s disease, and Lewy body disease. However, there are some symptoms that can be indicative that a person is gradually progressing into dementia. Watching out for these symptoms can help one seek help at an early stage, thereby helping the affected person, and slowing down its progress.

  1. Short term memory loss: With age, people tend to forget what happened recently, and this can even be something as recent as the previous day. However, they can very clearly recollect events from the past. They might forget things like where they have placed their glasses, where the television remote control is, etc. They may also ask for the same information repeatedly, even after it is answered.
  2. Mood changes: Rapid mood swings is observed in a person suffering from dementia. Their emotions keep changing within a matter of seconds, and they may show also less emotion than what they used to show previously.
  3. Personality changes: Since dementia affects reasoning and judgment, someone who was earlier shy could suddenly become outgoing. Their inhibitions which led to a shy personality are lost, making them more outgoing.
  4. Difficulty in performing regular tasks: Be it forgetting things like laying out tables, keeping things back in their places, or organising medical kits, with dementia setting in, these tasks slowly become more difficult to do. Also, learning new tasks, even simple ones, seem tough and are often not accomplished.
  5. Losing storylines: The elderly would usually be good with telling and appreciating stories like telling tales to their grandchildren or following television soaps and stories. However, as dementia begins to set in, they tend to lose storylines, both when observing and telling.
  6. Repeating actions: As they are not able to register things, they tend to repeat things, both in words and in actions.
  7. Feeling lost: Things like heading out to a store to buy something and then wondering why they came there are common. Short-term memory loss can cause such situations. This confusion, especially with regard to time and things, is very common.
  8. Spatial and time orientation: There could be problems relating to space and time, seasons, and they may often ask questions like what time it is, etc. Routine tasks like paying bills, cooking using recipe books, which were easily managed, suddenly begin to look difficult.
  9. Apathy: Losing interest in people, hobbies, or other things like puzzles, which they once enjoyed, become boring and unenjoyable. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.
2581 people found this helpful

Can Dementia Be Treated?

DNB (Psychiatry), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Can Dementia Be Treated?

Ageing is a natural process, and as much as we don’t like it, it is inevitable. The effect of ageing is different from different organs, and with regard to the brain, dementia is one of the main effects. Dementia is not an isolated condition, but a set of symptoms that includes decreased memory and reduced thinking ability, making it difficult for the person to perform daily activities efficiently. Ageing is one of the main causes of dementia. Dementia is usually progressive, with a person beginning to forget his/her purse, taking pills, etc., and then progressing to forget more important things like close family members’ names or finding one’s way back home.

Though dementia is not reversible, it is possible to control the rate of progression and arrest symptoms if detected in the early stages. There are various reasons for dementia, with senility or ageing being one of the main reasons. Alzheimer’s, vascular dementia, hypothyroidism, depression, etc., are some of the other reasons and treating these can help control the symptoms of dementia. Treatment for dementia would include a combination of medications aimed at treating the underlying reason for dementia and supportive palliative care, which forms a huge component of the treatment, which includes the following:

  1. Vitamin B12 replacement in people with vitamin deficiency
  2. Treat hypothyroidism with thyroid replacement
  3. Manage depression with antidepressants
  4. Change or substitute medications leading to memory loss
  5. Mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease can be controlled with acetylcholine esterase inhibitors like rivastigmine and galantamine; more severe forms with memantine hydrochloride.
  6. Manage behavioural changes with antipsychotics
  7. Recommend surgical removal if there are brain tumours that cause increased pressure
  8. Treat brain infections like encephalitis, if present.
  9. Manage risk factors by managing high blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes, and quitting smoking

In addition to the above, supportive palliative care is also very essential. The intention is not to cure, but to improve patient care by including the following:

  1. Help the affected person become independent and manage daily activities on their own.
  2. Include cognitive stimulation with activities and games to improve memory and cognitive functioning.
  3. Validation therapy and behaviour therapy are also used, depending on the symptoms.
  4. The affected person would usually feel mixed feelings of anger, fear, anxiety, and sadness. To address this, use medications that improve the mood, control the behaviour, and improve cognitive functions. Support and counselling from friends and family are very helpful.
  5. As much as it might be uncomfortable, decisions such as caretaker, type of care, financial planning, etc., should be discussed and decided.

As dementia is irreversible, the key is to detect the symptoms in their early stages. This will help in effective management by arresting the symptoms from progressing, thereby improving the quality of life. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.

2883 people found this helpful

Phobia of Heights - How To Control It?

B.A.(H)Psychology, M.A.Psychology, Ph. D - Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
Phobia of Heights - How To Control It?

Fear of heights is known as acrophobia and affects one in every 20 individuals. Here are a few ways with which you can overcome that fear:

One step at a time

  1. There is a system utilized by a few analysts called 'flooding'. This concept believes that if you try to face your fear head on, in a single blow, then your fear system will be overpowered to the point that when you try to calm yourself down, the fear will be no more.
  2. Techniques that used throwing the person into the water to make them overcome their fear of the same, are of no use. They only traumatize the person further.
  3. One should slowly and carefully work on going to one level of a building and gradually go further on top as they climb a certain level of height.

Lower the fear as you get higher

  1. Terror, fear, and nervousness feel like they simply 'transpire'. We do not portray it, say it, or freeze it as something we 'do', yet as something that "attacks" us. Likewise, there are things you can do regardless of whether you are up high (or going to be) or down low and can take control.
  2. Take deep breaths until you calm down. When people are terrified, they either forget to breathe (for brief timeframes, clearly) or simply breathe in rapidly and forget to breathe out. To improve this, stop and relax for five seconds, then take a very deep breath in and breathe out gradually.
  3. Scale your fear in numbers. Since your mind has a tendency to be overwhelmed by the brain when you are scared, you can really lessen the fear by calming down your brain and its thinking process. Try to number the fear, imagine that something worse could have happened and that you are still in a safer situation.

Forgetting the past

  1. All things considered, do not really overlook the past. However, figure out how to feel better about old memories situated with height. In case you find that you can feel fear just by thinking about past circumstances, keep thinking about them until you start feeling a little comfortable about them.

Prepare your psyche

  1. It will start to feel quiet and calm before you go up somewhere high. So, sit or rest somewhere.
  2. Close your eyes and calm yourself down.
  3. Begin to concentrate on your breathing, with specific thoughts while you breathe out.
  4. Start to imagine other situations where you might be sitting in your room or watching the TV.

Get some perspective

  1. One approach to get a perspective on this is to consistently recall the huge number of people who used to be afraid of heights, but are not anymore scared.
  2. Furthermore, for a more prominent perspective, envision seeing the Earth from a couple of thousand miles away and seeing that even the most beautiful spots look totally flat from that viewpoint. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.
2792 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir, I am suffering from depression and anxiety since last 3 years. I am unable to forget past memories. I am taking clonazepam 2 mg. Please suggest best homeopathy medicine.

MBBS, D.P.M, MD, PLAB, MRCPsych
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Dear mam The mainstay treatment of depression and anxiety is antidepressant medication not clonazepam. Clonazepam is usually used for short term to treat acute symptoms of anxiety. I will succeed that you see a psychiatrist for a detailed evaluation to understand the underlying reason and for further treatment. Treatment consists of a combination of medication and psychological therapy. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, My son age 36 OCD since 12 years he had many medicine like U. Vox for 2 years I forget many but last six years he had venlor 150 mg twice but last 8 months he visit to psychologist he gave homeopath and ayurvedic Gerifot and Mentat twice and homeopathy Rescue remedy Holly Creative White chestnut Impatiens Agrimony and Crab apple slowly I stop venlor because it cause obesity and B.P Now he stable but his mind is upset he thinks illusion that one talking behind me or someone plotting against me he has fear from topical people homoeopathy medicine 5-6 drops twice is that correct please advise I never want again aliphatic medics What should I do.

International Certified Addiction Professional
Psychologist, Mumbai
I understand your concern about your child's recovery. Right kind of interventions only will bring Long term recovery. Any trial and error will make the patient suffer more and unknowingly the damages will be done which may or may not be reversible. The main points for you 1. Please let the psychiatrist decide which medicine he has to take. Do not stop or change any medicine without the detailed assessment with psychiatrists and/ or mental health professionals. 2. No psychologist is authorised or trained to give medicines. The clinical Psychologist can to the assessment and psychotherapy, counselling. 3. Any mental health issue can be effectively treated. The medicines are safe. Do not restrict the treatment with only homeopathy or etc. Your Child's recovery is more important than the type of treatment. 4. If you have concerns about medicines and it's effectiveness or side effects. Please do talk to doctors about it. Suffering is not an option. 5. Medicine along with therapy help client for long term recovery. 6. Symptoms like illusions etc indicates that there is a need for detailed assessment by psychiatrist. 7. As a caregiver we may require assistance. Please do not hesitate to ask for help. Patients recovery is most important.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
ADHD: Common Illness In Children
Hello!

My name is Dr. Gayatri Chaudhary. I work at Suasth One Step clinic as a consultant psychiatrist. Today we are going to talk about common illness in children. The first illness that we are going to talk about is ADHD. Now what is he full form of ADHD? ADHD means Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. What are the symptoms of ADHD? So the children have hyperactivity as the name suggests. Hyperactivity means that the child has difficulty sitting at one place. Now this difficulty sitting in one place should be either in school or at home. Most of the time it should be at more than one place. So the child is hyperactive, cannot sit at one place, is always on the go, cannot wait for his turn at class, is always disturbing other children in class and when the child is at home, again the child cannot stay at home, he cannot concentrate on activities and is driven by a motor of sorts. There is another component to the illness that is inattention. Now in inattention the children are unable to concentrate or lack attention.

As the name suggests, ADHD, so this is the inattention part. Now in inattention, children usually lack their concentration levels. They are not able to concentrate in any activity. Primarily, patients complain about their lack of attention in studies, but their inattention very well be in other aspects like they are doing some project work from school, or any other task, or for that matter sports like playing cricket or playing football or any cube play. The other component of ADHD is high impulsivity. So the child cannot wait for his turn in the class. He blurts out answers when its not needed. He is always on the go and the child usually wants to talk when not asked and he wants to leave his seat when he is not asked to. So there will be frequent complaints from the school teacher that the child is not sitting at one place, he s disturbing others in school and he is not able to concentrate on his studies. One more common complaint that the school might complaint about is that the child is difficulty in remembering his syllabus or remembering what is taught in class. He forgets his belongings in school. He forgets his pencils, erasers and notebooks in school and because of these complaints.

We should be wary of does our child have ADHD. Now the good part about this is that it can be treated. It can be treated with medication and it can be treated with therapy. Medications many a time we are sceptical about whether to start the child on medication, but, because the child is inattentive, because he is hyperactive, the child is not able to use his or her capabilities to her best, that s why it causes problems in academics, it causes problems with peer relations with other children in the school and it causes problem in the households also. So it is very important to get the ADHD treated. Now medications that are available are, you can easily consult a psychiatrist and get the child evaluated and start on medication. There are therapies available.

Like you can take the child for occupational therapy or remedial education or remedial therapy. All these things are going to help the child to be good in academics as well as their peer relationships and it would help the child in their further studies. To know more about ADHD you can book an appointment with lybrate.com .
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice