Forgetfulness has anumber of common synonyms such as inattention, absentmindedness, heedlessness and memory loss. However, forgetfulness may be associated with diseases like amnesia, dementia and Alzheimer’s.
Treatment of forgetfulness mainly depends on the cause of it. If forgetfulness is a result of amnesia or PTSD, it can be treated with therapy and is not irreversible. However, if forgetfulness is a symptom of Alzheimer’s or dementia, it cannot be reversed. There are still ways to help the patient and family cope, but there is no treatment available for this sort of forgetfulness. This condition is also often associated with a probability of memory loss. The memory loss might be short term and long term as well. The condition of forgetfulness may occur due to some past trauma or accident and people who suffer from this condition only remember parts and portions of the memory. The ones who are suffering from this disease often go through a lot of stress when they try to recall a certain incident and it often hurts certain nerves in their brain. Due to this condition one might also face difficulty in carrying out day to day activities and forget what they have learned. In a severe condition of memory loss, one might forget who they are and might not recognize anyone around him/her, not even their family members. The treatment should begin from an early stage otherwise it can lead to complete memory impairment.
A doctor may recommend physical, neurological and psychiatric tests to determine the real cause of forgetfulness. Urine and blood tests may be conducted by the doctor to find any related problems. Mental abilities may also be tested through tests of memory, problem solving, language and counting. A CT scan may help the doctor rule out a curable disorder and a scan also helps reveal what ar the normal age related changes in the brain. Progressive scans can reveal the changes in the brain over time. It is extremely important for persons with irreversible conditions like dementia to control high blood pressure, monitor and treat high blood cholesterol and diabetes, and to totally avoid smoking to prevent further complications. A person with dementia, though it is incurable, should be under a doctor's care, and may see a neurologist, psychiatrist, family doctor, or geriatrician. The doctor can treat the physical and behavioral problems of the patient and answer the numerous questions that the person or family may have. Doctors may prescribe various medications to reduce or cure depression, agitation, anxiety or sleeping problems. These are commonly noticed in people suffering from dementia. Though there is no special dietary requirement or diet that can prevent dementia, it is important to maintain good health by having a balanced diet. This can prevent many further health problems.
Those suffering from curable conditions like PTSD and amnesia can receive treatment. However, there is no treatment for Alzheimer’s and dementia. In case of early onset, therapy may help the patient and the family cope, but there is no treatment for the later stages of the aforementioned diseases.
Treatment may help people in whom these conditions have set in early. Early therapy and treatment may greatly help the patient and the patient’s family adjust and cope with the condition. Those who have progressed too far into the condition will unfortunately not find any help from treatment though, therapy can help the patient and their family cope.
Treatment for forgetfulness involves treatment of the condition causing it , which may vary from dementia to Alzheimer’s to global amnesia to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Patients may suffer side effects from medications prescribed for various related problems. There are no medicines for forgetfulness as such. Most medicines given are to control and counter problems like depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, behavioural problems and associated physical problems. Patients must notify doctors about all allergies and intolerances prior to treatment. This will ensure that there are no side effects.
Post prescribing the medicines, the doctor must ensure that the patient follows guidelines and consumes the medicines according to his instructions. It is also important for people suffering from Alzheimer’s and dementia to maintain a balanced diet. This will keep them in overall good health which is absolutely vital in order to ensure that the condition does not escalate or worsen. It is also important for patients to receive a lot of love, care and attention from their caregivers.
In case of amnesia and PTSD, speedy recovery may happen due to proper therapy and medical attention. It is however, more permanent in case of Alzheimer’s and dementia. Therapy may make it easier to cope with the condition but there is no full recovery in this case.
Treatment depends on what the doctor prescribes, which may include neurological, physical and psychiatric aspects. A CT scan may cost anywhere between 6000 to 12000 rupees depending on the quality. The doctor is likely to prescribe antidepressants and other medications to cope with behavioural problems like anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, etc. These are rather expensive. So is therapy which is often recommended to cope with the condition, especially for the family.
It is likely that once amnesia is treated, forgetfulness will not occur again, unless there is an accident which causes amnesia. PTSD, once treated through therapy, may recur. Dementia and Alzheimer’s cannot be treated and therefore, there is no question of their treatment being permanent.
Rs. 6,000 to Rs. 15,000
While it is common nature to forget some things at some times, if there is a pattern to one’s forgetfulness, it is a cause for concern. Caused by trauma or stress, dissociative amnesia is a condition where the person cannot recall important personal information. In cases of abuse or war, the person dissociates himself/herself from that period in his life and therefore tends to forget information relating to that period of life. The memory, awareness, identity and perception of the person are affected. The work life, social life, and relationships could be affected adversely.
Causes: This is generally seen in people who have had bad experiences in terms of war, sexual abuse, accidents and natural disasters. The memories associated with these incidents get buried deeply and are not recalled by the person. This leads to memory loss and on further probing, it is usually noted that there is a genetic connection, with some other close relative also having this condition. It is also more common in women than in men.
Types: The person would have memory loss with forgetfulness. This memory loss can be localised, generalised, or selective.
Psychotherapy and supportive treatment as a combination work effectively in managing dissociative amnesia. Supportive treatment usually is sufficient in cases of localised memory loss. Often, hypnosis and psychotherapy are also required. The patients also need to be talked into believing that they were not at fault (especially in sexual abuse cases) and that they should move on with life. These people may have problems arising out of that period, which also needs to be resolved. For instance, a person involved in serious combat may think how he has let down his family, a sexually abused person may feel ashamed of the event.
Talking to a psychotherapist about the episode is the only way to identify the exact cause and come to terms with the condition. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
ADHD, CDD, short-term memory loss, forgetfulness, insomnia and so many more terminologies we would have come across very often. They all seem to have evolved from a common origin and that is concentration issues. Have you pondered on these questions!! Why can’t it be easy to concentrate? Why can’t it be easy to remember everything? If yes, then read on to know more.
Concentrate! Focus! Pay attention! These are not just words but one huge and complicated process in itself. Many children and as well as adults often develop this issue wherein they find extremely difficult to concentrate.
Science behind concentration issues: When an individual performs a single task; for example reading a book, the image of what he is seeing hits the retina. From the retina, the nerve fibres carry the image to the brain which stimulates the brain cells to fire an action potential. The signal from here moves to the thalamus and proceeds to the visual cortex. This signal activates locus coeruleus which is a brain stimulant. It targets the particular area of the brain becoming the deciding factor as to how one responds to a stimulus, which in this case is an image. When there is deregulation of the locus coeruleus, it is then that a person develops disorders like ADHA, anxiety, depression, insomnia and others.
Factors influencing concentration:
Concentration is a skill that requires you to prioritize your senses while doing any work. It is an ability to block out distractions.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and concentration deficit disorder (CDD)
ADHD individuals tend to be forgetful and face problems sticking to one task and may even display excessive fidgeting. CDD individuals tend to be lethargic, move slowly and have trouble in staying alert. Adults may become socially withdrawn and exhibit slow information processing.
Solutions for concentration issues:
Concentration issues require a lot of time to be overcome. You can try to figure out what causes the distractions and avoid them as much as possible by refocusing your mind only on what you are doing. You can give yourself timers which comprise of “distraction time” and “focus time”. This strategy helps if one’s mind is actively processing other things. You may also create subtasks by listing the things you need to do and then ruling out one by one once you accomplish them. Always breathe better and try for long inhalation and exhalation. This helps to bring down your anxiety levels which hinder the concentration.
Though the above-mentioned strategies are just to help you improve your concentration they are not the ultimate cure for any of the issues. Every individual is unique and sometimes accepting oneself can solve many complications as it reduces the need for unnecessary thinking. Always bear positive thoughts in your mind as it will act as a driving source.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
With age, just like other body functions, the mind too begins to slow down. This could lead to problems in communication, focus, recall, reasoning, and thinking. So with dementia, the person faces problems which are a combination of above-mentioned activities. Dementia is a symptom associated with many diseases and is not a disease on its own.
Alzheimer’s is the main cause of dementia, followed by stroke or brain injury, Huntington’s disease, and Lewy body disease. However, there are some symptoms that can be indicative that a person is gradually progressing into dementia. Watching out for these symptoms can help one seek help at an early stage, thereby helping the affected person, and slowing down its progress.
Ageing is a natural process, and as much as we don’t like it, it is inevitable. The effect of ageing is different from different organs, and with regard to the brain, dementia is one of the main effects. Dementia is not an isolated condition, but a set of symptoms that includes decreased memory and reduced thinking ability, making it difficult for the person to perform daily activities efficiently. Ageing is one of the main causes of dementia. Dementia is usually progressive, with a person beginning to forget his/her purse, taking pills, etc., and then progressing to forget more important things like close family members’ names or finding one’s way back home.
Though dementia is not reversible, it is possible to control the rate of progression and arrest symptoms if detected in the early stages. There are various reasons for dementia, with senility or ageing being one of the main reasons. Alzheimer’s, vascular dementia, hypothyroidism, depression, etc., are some of the other reasons and treating these can help control the symptoms of dementia. Treatment for dementia would include a combination of medications aimed at treating the underlying reason for dementia and supportive palliative care, which forms a huge component of the treatment, which includes the following:
In addition to the above, supportive palliative care is also very essential. The intention is not to cure, but to improve patient care by including the following:
As dementia is irreversible, the key is to detect the symptoms in their early stages. This will help in effective management by arresting the symptoms from progressing, thereby improving the quality of life. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.
Fear of heights is known as acrophobia and affects one in every 20 individuals. Here are a few ways with which you can overcome that fear:
One step at a time
Lower the fear as you get higher
Forgetting the past
Prepare your psyche
Get some perspective