Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Forgetfulness: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Forgetfulness has anumber of common synonyms such as inattention, absentmindedness, heedlessness and memory loss. However, forgetfulness may be associated with diseases like amnesia, dementia and Alzheimer’s.

How is the treatment done?

Treatment of forgetfulness mainly depends on the cause of it. If forgetfulness is a result of amnesia or PTSD, it can be treated with therapy and is not irreversible. However, if forgetfulness is a symptom of Alzheimer’s or dementia, it cannot be reversed. There are still ways to help the patient and family cope, but there is no treatment available for this sort of forgetfulness. This condition is also often associated with a probability of memory loss. The memory loss might be short term and long term as well. The condition of forgetfulness may occur due to some past trauma or accident and people who suffer from this condition only remember parts and portions of the memory. The ones who are suffering from this disease often go through a lot of stress when they try to recall a certain incident and it often hurts certain nerves in their brain. Due to this condition one might also face difficulty in carrying out day to day activities and forget what they have learned. In a severe condition of memory loss, one might forget who they are and might not recognize anyone around him/her, not even their family members. The treatment should begin from an early stage otherwise it can lead to complete memory impairment.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A doctor may recommend physical, neurological and psychiatric tests to determine the real cause of forgetfulness. Urine and blood tests may be conducted by the doctor to find any related problems. Mental abilities may also be tested through tests of memory, problem solving, language and counting. A CT scan may help the doctor rule out a curable disorder and a scan also helps reveal what ar the normal age related changes in the brain. Progressive scans can reveal the changes in the brain over time. It is extremely important for persons with irreversible conditions like dementia to control high blood pressure, monitor and treat high blood cholesterol and diabetes, and to totally avoid smoking to prevent further complications. A person with dementia, though it is incurable, should be under a doctor's care, and may see a neurologist, psychiatrist, family doctor, or geriatrician. The doctor can treat the physical and behavioral problems of the patient and answer the numerous questions that the person or family may have. Doctors may prescribe various medications to reduce or cure depression, agitation, anxiety or sleeping problems. These are commonly noticed in people suffering from dementia. Though there is no special dietary requirement or diet that can prevent dementia, it is important to maintain good health by having a balanced diet. This can prevent many further health problems.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Those suffering from curable conditions like PTSD and amnesia can receive treatment. However, there is no treatment for Alzheimer’s and dementia. In case of early onset, therapy may help the patient and the family cope, but there is no treatment for the later stages of the aforementioned diseases.

Are there any side effects?

Treatment may help people in whom these conditions have set in early. Early therapy and treatment may greatly help the patient and the patient’s family adjust and cope with the condition. Those who have progressed too far into the condition will unfortunately not find any help from treatment though, therapy can help the patient and their family cope.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Treatment for forgetfulness involves treatment of the condition causing it , which may vary from dementia to Alzheimer’s to global amnesia to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Patients may suffer side effects from medications prescribed for various related problems. There are no medicines for forgetfulness as such. Most medicines given are to control and counter problems like depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, behavioural problems and associated physical problems. Patients must notify doctors about all allergies and intolerances prior to treatment. This will ensure that there are no side effects.

How long does it take to recover?

Post prescribing the medicines, the doctor must ensure that the patient follows guidelines and consumes the medicines according to his instructions. It is also important for people suffering from Alzheimer’s and dementia to maintain a balanced diet. This will keep them in overall good health which is absolutely vital in order to ensure that the condition does not escalate or worsen. It is also important for patients to receive a lot of love, care and attention from their caregivers.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

In case of amnesia and PTSD, speedy recovery may happen due to proper therapy and medical attention. It is however, more permanent in case of Alzheimer’s and dementia. Therapy may make it easier to cope with the condition but there is no full recovery in this case.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Treatment depends on what the doctor prescribes, which may include neurological, physical and psychiatric aspects. A CT scan may cost anywhere between 6000 to 12000 rupees depending on the quality. The doctor is likely to prescribe antidepressants and other medications to cope with behavioural problems like anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, etc. These are rather expensive. So is therapy which is often recommended to cope with the condition, especially for the family.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

It is likely that once amnesia is treated, forgetfulness will not occur again, unless there is an accident which causes amnesia. PTSD, once treated through therapy, may recur. Dementia and Alzheimer’s cannot be treated and therefore, there is no question of their treatment being permanent.

Safety: Symptom Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Very Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Rs. 6,000 to Rs. 15,000

Popular Health Tips

Concentration Issue - How Can It Be Managed?

M.A. Clinical Psychology, Diploma In Counselling, Diploma In Mental Illness
Psychologist, Kolkata
Concentration Issue - How Can It Be Managed?

ADHD, CDD, short-term memory loss, forgetfulness, insomnia and so many more terminologies we would have come across very often. They all seem to have evolved from a common origin and that is concentration issues. Have you pondered on these questions!! Why can’t it be easy to concentrate? Why can’t it be easy to remember everything? If yes, then read on to know more.

Concentrate! Focus! Pay attention! These are not just words but one huge and complicated process in itself. Many children and as well as adults often develop this issue wherein they find extremely difficult to concentrate.

Science behind concentration issues: When an individual performs a single task; for example reading a book, the image of what he is seeing hits the retina. From the retina, the nerve fibres carry the image to the brain which stimulates the brain cells to fire an action potential. The signal from here moves to the thalamus and proceeds to the visual cortex. This signal activates locus coeruleus which is a brain stimulant. It targets the particular area of the brain becoming the deciding factor as to how one responds to a stimulus, which in this case is an image. When there is deregulation of the locus coeruleus, it is then that a person develops disorders like ADHA, anxiety, depression, insomnia and others.

Factors influencing concentration:
Concentration is a skill that requires you to prioritize your senses while doing any work. It is an ability to block out distractions.

  • Dedication to the task
  • Interest in the task
  • One’s ability to complete the task
  • Physical and emotional state
  • Conducive environment with few distractions.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and concentration deficit disorder (CDD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and concentration deficit disorder (CDD) are the two predominant concentration issues. The first one is more common among the children while the latter is observed in mostly the adults. Any individual with ADHD or CDD can show abnormalities in their behavior and social life.

ADHD individuals tend to be forgetful and face problems sticking to one task and may even display excessive fidgeting. CDD individuals tend to be lethargic, move slowly and have trouble in staying alert. Adults may become socially withdrawn and exhibit slow information processing.

Solutions for concentration issues:
Concentration issues require a lot of time to be overcome. You can try to figure out what causes the distractions and avoid them as much as possible by refocusing your mind only on what you are doing. You can give yourself timers which comprise of “distraction time” and “focus time”. This strategy helps if one’s mind is actively processing other things. You may also create subtasks by listing the things you need to do and then ruling out one by one once you accomplish them. Always breathe better and try for long inhalation and exhalation. This helps to bring down your anxiety levels which hinder the concentration.

Though the above-mentioned strategies are just to help you improve your concentration they are not the ultimate cure for any of the issues. Every individual is unique and sometimes accepting oneself can solve many complications as it reduces the need for unnecessary thinking. Always bear positive thoughts in your mind as it will act as a driving source.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3978 people found this helpful

9 Early Symptoms of Dementia!

DPM Psychiatrist
Psychiatrist, Lucknow
9 Early Symptoms of Dementia!

With age, just like other body functions, the mind too begins to slow down. This could lead to problems in communication, focus, recall, reasoning, and thinking. So with dementia, the person faces problems which are a combination of above-mentioned activities. Dementia is a symptom associated with many diseases and is not a disease on its own.

Alzheimer’s is the main cause of dementia, followed by stroke or brain injury, Huntington’s disease, and Lewy body disease. However, there are some symptoms that can be indicative that a person is gradually progressing into dementia. Watching out for these symptoms can help one seek help at an early stage, thereby helping the affected person, and slowing down its progress.

  1. Short term memory loss: With age, people tend to forget what happened recently, and this can even be something as recent as the previous day. However, they can very clearly recollect events from the past. They might forget things like where they have placed their glasses, where the television remote control is, etc. They may also ask for the same information repeatedly, even after it is answered.
  2. Mood changes: Rapid mood swings is observed in a person suffering from dementia. Their emotions keep changing within a matter of seconds, and they may show also less emotion than what they used to show previously.
  3. Personality changes: Since dementia affects reasoning and judgment, someone who was earlier shy could suddenly become outgoing. Their inhibitions which led to a shy personality are lost, making them more outgoing.
  4. Difficulty in performing regular tasks: Be it forgetting things like laying out tables, keeping things back in their places, or organising medical kits, with dementia setting in, these tasks slowly become more difficult to do. Also, learning new tasks, even simple ones, seem tough and are often not accomplished.
  5. Losing storylines: The elderly would usually be good with telling and appreciating stories like telling tales to their grandchildren or following television soaps and stories. However, as dementia begins to set in, they tend to lose storylines, both when observing and telling.
  6. Repeating actions: As they are not able to register things, they tend to repeat things, both in words and in actions.
  7. Feeling lost: Things like heading out to a store to buy something and then wondering why they came there are common. Short-term memory loss can cause such situations. This confusion, especially with regard to time and things, is very common.
  8. Spatial and time orientation: There could be problems relating to space and time, seasons, and they may often ask questions like what time it is, etc. Routine tasks like paying bills, cooking using recipe books, which were easily managed, suddenly begin to look difficult.
  9. Apathy: Losing interest in people, hobbies, or other things like puzzles, which they once enjoyed, become boring and unenjoyable. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.
2581 people found this helpful

Can Dementia Be Treated?

DNB (Psychiatry), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Can Dementia Be Treated?

Ageing is a natural process, and as much as we don’t like it, it is inevitable. The effect of ageing is different from different organs, and with regard to the brain, dementia is one of the main effects. Dementia is not an isolated condition, but a set of symptoms that includes decreased memory and reduced thinking ability, making it difficult for the person to perform daily activities efficiently. Ageing is one of the main causes of dementia. Dementia is usually progressive, with a person beginning to forget his/her purse, taking pills, etc., and then progressing to forget more important things like close family members’ names or finding one’s way back home.

Though dementia is not reversible, it is possible to control the rate of progression and arrest symptoms if detected in the early stages. There are various reasons for dementia, with senility or ageing being one of the main reasons. Alzheimer’s, vascular dementia, hypothyroidism, depression, etc., are some of the other reasons and treating these can help control the symptoms of dementia. Treatment for dementia would include a combination of medications aimed at treating the underlying reason for dementia and supportive palliative care, which forms a huge component of the treatment, which includes the following:

  1. Vitamin B12 replacement in people with vitamin deficiency
  2. Treat hypothyroidism with thyroid replacement
  3. Manage depression with antidepressants
  4. Change or substitute medications leading to memory loss
  5. Mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease can be controlled with acetylcholine esterase inhibitors like rivastigmine and galantamine; more severe forms with memantine hydrochloride.
  6. Manage behavioural changes with antipsychotics
  7. Recommend surgical removal if there are brain tumours that cause increased pressure
  8. Treat brain infections like encephalitis, if present.
  9. Manage risk factors by managing high blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes, and quitting smoking

In addition to the above, supportive palliative care is also very essential. The intention is not to cure, but to improve patient care by including the following:

  1. Help the affected person become independent and manage daily activities on their own.
  2. Include cognitive stimulation with activities and games to improve memory and cognitive functioning.
  3. Validation therapy and behaviour therapy are also used, depending on the symptoms.
  4. The affected person would usually feel mixed feelings of anger, fear, anxiety, and sadness. To address this, use medications that improve the mood, control the behaviour, and improve cognitive functions. Support and counselling from friends and family are very helpful.
  5. As much as it might be uncomfortable, decisions such as caretaker, type of care, financial planning, etc., should be discussed and decided.

As dementia is irreversible, the key is to detect the symptoms in their early stages. This will help in effective management by arresting the symptoms from progressing, thereby improving the quality of life. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.

2881 people found this helpful

Phobia of Heights - How To Control It?

B.A.(H)Psychology, M.A.Psychology, Ph. D - Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
Phobia of Heights - How To Control It?

Fear of heights is known as acrophobia and affects one in every 20 individuals. Here are a few ways with which you can overcome that fear:

One step at a time

  1. There is a system utilized by a few analysts called 'flooding'. This concept believes that if you try to face your fear head on, in a single blow, then your fear system will be overpowered to the point that when you try to calm yourself down, the fear will be no more.
  2. Techniques that used throwing the person into the water to make them overcome their fear of the same, are of no use. They only traumatize the person further.
  3. One should slowly and carefully work on going to one level of a building and gradually go further on top as they climb a certain level of height.

Lower the fear as you get higher

  1. Terror, fear, and nervousness feel like they simply 'transpire'. We do not portray it, say it, or freeze it as something we 'do', yet as something that "attacks" us. Likewise, there are things you can do regardless of whether you are up high (or going to be) or down low and can take control.
  2. Take deep breaths until you calm down. When people are terrified, they either forget to breathe (for brief timeframes, clearly) or simply breathe in rapidly and forget to breathe out. To improve this, stop and relax for five seconds, then take a very deep breath in and breathe out gradually.
  3. Scale your fear in numbers. Since your mind has a tendency to be overwhelmed by the brain when you are scared, you can really lessen the fear by calming down your brain and its thinking process. Try to number the fear, imagine that something worse could have happened and that you are still in a safer situation.

Forgetting the past

  1. All things considered, do not really overlook the past. However, figure out how to feel better about old memories situated with height. In case you find that you can feel fear just by thinking about past circumstances, keep thinking about them until you start feeling a little comfortable about them.

Prepare your psyche

  1. It will start to feel quiet and calm before you go up somewhere high. So, sit or rest somewhere.
  2. Close your eyes and calm yourself down.
  3. Begin to concentrate on your breathing, with specific thoughts while you breathe out.
  4. Start to imagine other situations where you might be sitting in your room or watching the TV.

Get some perspective

  1. One approach to get a perspective on this is to consistently recall the huge number of people who used to be afraid of heights, but are not anymore scared.
  2. Furthermore, for a more prominent perspective, envision seeing the Earth from a couple of thousand miles away and seeing that even the most beautiful spots look totally flat from that viewpoint. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.
2792 people found this helpful

Dementia - Easy Tips To Help You Cope With It!

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Nagpur
Dementia - Easy Tips To Help You Cope With It!

A lot of things can be done to cope with the initial stages of dementia. A person goes through a wide range of emotions such as fear, denial, frustration, and anger, post the diagnosis. Here is a list of tips that will help a patient with dementia to cope better:

  1. Physical health: For a dementia patient, it is very important to take care of one’s health. A good diet along with regular exercise and adequate rest is a prerequisite to manage this disorder.
  2. Regular check-ups: Regular medical check-ups with the doctor are necessary in this condition. Depression and other mental health problems should be discussed with a professional.
  3. Quit alcohol: Alcohol might give momentary pleasure from the misery, but it has long-standing implications. It reacts with the medicine and creates additional health and memory-related complications.
  4. Allocate time for difficult tasks: With time, it can become difficult to perform even the simplest of tasks. The patient should accordingly schedule the time to perform the tasks which may be difficult to carry out. Adequate breaks should be taken while performing a task to avoid getting fatigued.
  5. Redefine work: If a patient is suffering from dementia is still working, it should be ensured that the work is more manageable from a desk. Planning an early retirement may be a good idea in order to cope with dementia.
  6. Be organised: Keeping track of things can get difficult with time. It, therefore, makes sense to organise all belongings systematically. Putting labels on doors and drawers also help.
  7. Continue pursuing your hobbies: Amidst the difficulty and the depression, it is a good idea to continue doing things that are fun. While such activities might require some assistance from the doctor and family members, this helps the patient to be cheerful and healthy.
  8. Maintain notes: Since dementia is involved with forgetfulness, it makes sense to maintain a diary and keep records of phone numbers, people, appointments, etc.
  9. Communication channel: Maintaining a direct communication channel with family, friends, and relatives is a good idea. Sharing feelings will go a long way in maintaining relations with loved ones.
  10. Support group: Joining a dementia support group can be highly beneficial for the patient. It will not only give the patient company but also make sure that the patient gets a lot of useful information about the disorder. It also helps in keeping the morale up.
  11. Getting ready for the future: Things need to be meticulously planned well in advance to ensure that when the disease progresses, the patient has enough people to look after him. Things such as medical arrangements, financial assets, and property details should be carefully handed over as per the patient's wish. This will ensure a smooth run of the patients’ life when they can no longer take care of themselves. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.
2758 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Dear Sir, My daughter, aged 27 years is suffering from schizophrenia for the last 11 years and is under regular treatment at PGI, Chandigarh since September, 2007. She was prescribed various set of medicines during the course of treatment. She is presently taking Skizoril 200 mg and Tryptomer 25 mg daily. As the symptoms persist, doctors say that she would have to take medicines indefinitely. Though my daughter is average in studies, she spends maximum time glued to books (just staring) and often looses cool on the petty issues, if things are not going as per her liking. She is very introvert and has no friends, even girls. She used to go to her educational institution alone and did not have any interaction with her classmates. She is M.A. In English. She does not like watching T.V. Programmes and using mobile (smart phone). She confines herself to her room and did not like sharing meals in dining room in the company of family members. Sometime she speaks with herself. She is self centered and sometimes envies even her siblings, when she observes them to be getting favorable treatment or they are excelling in their studies and other activities. She loves eating fast foods and enjoys travelling in the company of parents but not with others. She enjoys attending social gatherings like wedding parties. She gets irritated often and do not hesitate to speak loudly and makes ungraceful gestures to parents. She is lazy by nature and avoids doing even petty household works like cooking, washing and ironing clothes etc. She is very casual about her appearance and is not fascinated by good dresses. She often suspects her old classmates and others for conspiring against her. She also suspects her mother and thinks that she (mother) is always conspiring against her. Nevertheless, she never forgets to bring gifts for her on her birthday, mother’s day etc. She is a confused lot and her long and prolonged allopathic treatment has not brought any favorable results. Please guide, whether alternative therapies like CBT, ECT, meditation, Homeopathic treatment etc. Could treat her completely or partially. I discussed about these with her doctor (senior consultant of the rank of Associate Professor) at P.G.I. Chandigarh but he said that these are not effective therapies. Clozapine therapy worked very well for few years but now it's effect is getting reduced. My daughter has gained weight and has become dull. She has lost interest in every thing except eating. She had stopped reading newspapers and had lost interest in preparing for competitive exams. Etc. She has become quarrelsome and in fact has become a big problem for family as every one is disturbed by her behavior. Doctor (her consultant) at P.G.I. Chandigarh do not offer any alternative therapy and only advises for increasing the dose of clozapine. I took her to NIMHANS Bangalore for better treatment. She was examined thoroughly by the senior doctors there and I was advised to get her admitted in the ward (one attendant allowed) for 15 days to one month for observations and further tests. The doctor has prescribed clozapine 200 mg and Sizodon 3 mg (my daughter was earlier on Sizodon 15 mg for three years and she developed tardive dyskinesia and as a result she was prescribed clozapine). NIMHANS doctors said that alternative therapies would also be tried once she starts taking treatment from them. I am in a dilemma since Bangalore being a far off place it would not be possible for me to travel to that place frequently for follow up. In the meantime. I also consulted a private psychiatrist at Chandigarh, who after examining her and undertaking psychological tests/blood test (her hydroxyvitamin d was found abysmally low (8.60 ng/mL)(at PGI, this test was never conducted) prescribed sizopin 225 mg, ariphrenz 5 mg, escipra 10 mg and pyrocal d3 (for vitamin d deficiency. Now I am at crossroads and do not have any idea to choose which treatment (institute) to pursue for better recovery of my daughter. Prolonged treatment at PGI Chandigarh has not yielded desired results (PGI doctors have hectic schedule due to heavy rush of patients and obviously the institute follows conventional approach). In view of this kindly guide me which of the above treatments best suits my daughter for optimal results. Thanking you in anticipation.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
You are describing behaviours of a typical paranoid schizophrenia. The NIMHANS visit should have been followed up since they are very thorough. However, I quite understand your plight in terms of distance. Anyway, CBT is a must and must used in tandem with medication. The more a person with this disease with draws, the more internal they become. The internal world of a schizophrenic is a house full of crazy ideas and notions. This must be prevented at any cost. If she likes parties and functions, take her to many of them. Since she is comfortable with the parents, take her to places to visit wilfully to expose her to more social stimulus and thus get her out of her internal world: this is going to be key to recovery. There will be delusions of persecution and suspicion over everyone including family and other trusted ones. Paranoids are specifically tormented by abnormal fear. What they do however is that instead of dealing with that fear, they escalate anger over it and act violent. They are extremely sensitive to rejection or the anticipation of it. Their thinking can be quite illogical and distorted. They imagine everything with suspicion and withdraw into themselves. They must be put on medication and a lot of occupational therapy and intense psychotherapy are needed to mitigate the symptoms. I suspect that your daughter suffers from a severe case of rejection and many of the behaviours are indicative of one suffering the Rejection Issue.
17 people found this helpful

I have done breakup with mah bf. Now I feel stress and can not concentrate on my studies. When I start studies all my past disturb me and headache starts. I want to forget him and want to do studies properly. How can I do this?

Diploma in psychology, PVA ayurveda
Psychologist, Bangalore
Hello Friend, Good that you are seeking a help here. Relationships break up always take time to accept the failure and adjust with reality. You are in this transition phase and obviously to get such emotional disturbance. More and more you try forget him, his memories will keep increasing. Instead you need learn the trick of accepting him as an Ex. Similar other symptoms you mentioned shows the influence of depression and stress into your physical health weigh gain, hair fall, memory issues etc. You need a professional psychology guidance to manage and control your emotions which will inturn help both physical and mental health. Be positive. Feel free to reach out to me online through Lybrate app for holistic assessment and suitable recommendations. You will be alright soon.

I am suffering from severe depression! I am studying bsc maths. I am good student 83 percent in 10 th board but don't know wht happened to me at third year my concentration is not in my studies. My heart not want to study so I failed in class test 20 mark is pass I score 17 so my teacher starting tourchal me insult with such words in front of others. I suffered daily with the problems so I am depressed and leave my studies. After that my relatives and parents comparing me with my aunty girl that she is studying .she studying in same college everyone points out me. I belong to middle class family I think about myself that nowadays I am feeling worthless, forget to sleep, in my dreams I am in bus ,the bus to full of people who hurt me and I jumped in bus! I feel I destroy my life. Nothing left, I feel like I am not beautiful she is beautiful than me becoz everyone likes her, I feel like I lose my beauty .i hate people those who study! I want to suicide myself to get rid out of the problem this is the way.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Failures are yoru experiences, and success comes only to those who learn lessons from their failures. If you give up what a waste to all your efforts and experiences. Go meet a counselor and determine what went wrong and start picking up the pieces and go forward. You are in an anger-related depression that will make you feel lethargic and suicidal. You need to learn to handle your emotions and express them. I feel that you may be sensitive to rejection and so find yourself alone and isolated. You must go out and meet people and make new friends and learn how to keep them too. Exercise is excellent for you, a good night's sleep, a good diet and stress-free living will all turn your life around. No one is comparable to you: you are unique and have something spectacular in you that you need to find.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know more about Fear
Positive and Negative aspects of Fear
Positive and Negative aspects of Fear

Hi I am Dr. Priyanka Srivastav a practicing psychologist in Noida and with Lybrate. Today lets understand what is fear. I know fear is a very common issue which everyone is facing in their day to day life situation. So what is fear? It is nothing but feeling of stress, apprehension or alarm caused by a sense of impending nature. Fear is generally within ourselves, but we all feel that fear is controlled by external factors. As human beings we all believe that if logic or reason is being given to a problem then we are not in a fearful situation. We can manage that situation so very well. So fear is very within our own selves.

Let us take an example, it is a very day to day life example. If we have to go to the railway station to catch a train, and we find the train is late, and we don t get the reason why the train is late we can get a apprehensive feeling, we will feel restless about the situation. But if the train is late because of some logic or rational reason behind it then we are relaxed and we will wait for the train to come. So fear can be easily overcome if there is a logic or reason behind that particular situation. So as a human being if a logis is given surely this feeling can be overcome.

Let's take another few examples related to this. In a dark room if we enter we have fear that some animals will be crawling over the floor, but if we switch on the light and see no animals on the floor, although we had a fear before entering to the room but if we switch on the light and see no animals it's just our imagination and the fear, so fear is again within our own selves. It is not controlled by the external factors. There are both positive and negative aspects to this fear and we generally experience fear in a very negative aspect. The positive aspect of fear is that it leads to more understanding more thoughtfulness of our mind. It leads to more creativity, we tend to think more into the details to come to the right and rational solutions to the situations which we are encountering.

So this fear can be overcome if we are very rational to the situation. Secondly the fear can be overcome if we forget the situation which has happened with us, if we forget certain past bad experiences of our life, then we can surely overcome fear. For example the bad experience can be one with our friend, with our college-mate, if we had a bad experience and after a couple of years or after a decade or so we meet with the same person and if we encounter with same type of fear then it is not the right way of managing the situation. The right way would be to analyse the situation, to understand it and to forget what has happened during that past time, so that we can easily manage our fear.

If you want to consult furthermore related to the queries about fear you can contact me through Lybrate online or offline mode of it.
Play video
Role of Healthy Diet in Cancer
Know how Healthy diet will help you to avoid obesity and cancer

Hello everybody I am Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit. I am a consultant medical oncologist at Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute. Today I will be talking about the role of healthy diet in cancer.

Many cancers in both men and women are associated with obesity and decrease physical exercise and our diet. From the important component into the the central or the Truncal obesity. The common cancers which are associated with obesity are colon cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and breast cancer. So having a good healthy diet which includes ample amount of fibers along with a good degree of proteins of fat composition not more than 15-20 percent of the total diet and carbohydrates not exceeding more than thirty-five to forty percent of the total calorie intake and such diet if its taken it also leads to decreased aging, decrease oxidative stress on the body and it decreases the chance of these cancers. So enhance your diet with ample amount of fruits, fibers nuts and also don't forget to take lot of water on a daily basis and regarding junk foods we should try to avoid them as far as possible. However once a week it's okay if we go out the balance diet.

For more information you can log into lybrate and you can contact me.
Play video
Diet for Healthy Bones
The right diet for healthy bones

Are you constantly thinking about how to get strong bones? Then this video is for you.

Hey this is Neha and you are watching NC Tv. Just a few days back I uploaded a video in which I said I gave up dairy and I actually told you about the side effects that dairy has on our body and I was flooded with one question, and that was- Neha where do we get our calcium from to build strong bones? So people I decided to make this video to make sure you get your calcium myth sorted and your bones remain strong for the entire lifetime. So the point is that dairy and dairy products are really acidic for the body and they are not digested by the system. Now the whole point of getting calcium in the bones is by letting the calcium being absorbed by the system. Now when milk and milk products are not even digested by the system because we generally lack the enzyme lactase to digest milk and milk products how will you get the calcium that is there in the milk? So there is no digestion and definitely no absorption of calcium happening.

The dairy industry has done a fantastic job in promoting milk as the sole food rich in calcium for strong bones, but the fact is that every food that you eat has calcium in it, be it your vegetables, fruits, nuts, grains, all these fruits have good amount of calcium which are readily absorbed. Also calcium is not just the only mineral needed for strong bones. To help calcium get into bones and build into strong bone mass you need magnesium, potassium, phosphorous, silica, vitamin C, proteins and a lot of other nutrients to make sure that your bones form nice and strong. But people are still fretting about calcium and they wanna eat calcium rich foods to make sure that they don't lose their bones.

So today I'm going to tell you about my top 5 foods which if you intake in your daily diet you don't need to worry about your calcium intake.

So the first on my list are the greens. Green leafy vegetables like parseley, mint, coriander, kale are super rich in calcium. I wouldn't consider spinach as a part of this because calcium in spinach is bound with oxalate which doesn't gets absorbed in the body very well. All your other greens are a great source of calcium. Not only calcium but they also have magnesium, potassium which I said are so important for bone formation. One glass of green smoothie a day can easily replace your one glass of milk and you don't need to worry about your calcium intake.

The second food on my list area seasame seeds, white seasame seed and these are such cute little tiny seeds which are so abundant in calcium. All you need to do is roast them, grind them coursely if you want to make sure you need the best of the nutrients that are inside the seeds because the outer covering is really hard so it might not get digested in your body but when you coursely grind it you make sure that you get all the calcium that is there inside and just make a paste, add it to your salad, to your soups or to yor dal, or just coursely grind the powder and top your salads or porridge with this tiny cute seeds.

Next on my list is ragi. Now this is a very common millet and we Indians are blessed with so many millets that we don't even know of and ragi is actually a poor man's source of calcium because it's so cheap, readily available in India and they are so rich in calcium. So you can actually just have a porridge of this or the roti of ragi is really healthy and I've come up with my own ragi khakras with seasame seeds so they are again a great source of calcium. You can add ragi as a part of your daily diet as lunch or dinner and you are sorted with your calcium.

The fourth ones are dried figs, and these are my personal favourites. I love them, so rich in iron, so rich in energy and so rich in calcium. Not only calcium but even magnesium and potassium. So they form perfect food and perfect ingredient for strong bones. So two or three a day and you are great to go. They are great snacks, you can carry them in your bag and up your energy and up your bone mass.

The fifth on my list is amarauth seeds. Now these are really ancients millets again in India and they can be had as khichdi, porridge, upma, you can roast them or powder them and add them to your laddoos or whatever form you want to. You can even puff them and eat them as popcorn or add it to your porridge. They are again very rich in calcium, magnesium and phosphorous. So these were my top five foods which I feel if you consume in your day to day life you really don't need to worry about your calcium.

But again as I said it's not only about the amount of calcium you eat but also the amount of bone loss or calcium loss that you prevent. So how do you do that? First reduce your salt and sugar intake, because these are really acidic foods and they leech calcium out of your body. Again caffeine in the form of tea or coffee, they make sure that you lose calcium from your bones and osteoporosis is the near future for you. Third, animal proteins are excessively acidic for the body and they again leech calcium from your body when taken in very high amounts. And you need to get yourself moving.

If you wanna preserve the calcium in your bones, get moving. Because when you move your body builds stronger and tougher bones. And lastly don't forget my vitamin D which I say in all my videos. Get enough of the sunshine and then you don't need to fret about your bones, no osteporosis, no arthritis. So I hope all your myths regarding bones, calcium, bone loss is clear.

But if you still have any doubts, myths, or suggestions you can put it on the comments below. Don't forget to give it a big thumbs up, share it with all your friends and family whom you think this video will help and of course don't forget to subscribe to my channel if you want the videos directly in your inbox. And as I always say don't forget to be healthy, beautiful and strong.
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Tips for taking care of your skin
Tips for taking care of your skin
Hi, everybody. I am Dr Aman, I am a practising dermatologist. Today I would like to talk to you about skin whitening which is a very very common query amongst patients. We get a lot of patients who want a whiter, fairer and a more radiant or glowing skin. But we forget the radiance and skin lightening comes from inside. Skin is a reflection of our bodies. Anything goes wrong inside, shows outside. Based on this is the treatment plan. That is how we plan. We cannot just keep polishing our cars and forget what s inside. So we have to treat our insides, our systems, our intestines, our livers, eat right and that makes a huge difference. So, I ll just talk to you in very shorta bout the options we have for skin whitening.

For skin whitening, there are a whole bunch of applications, creams and gels and lotions, magic potions, one-day treatment. Putting that treatment, you will be bombarded with a lot of options. But before that, we have to understand that what is the cause. For a lot of people, we must investigate sometimes your doctor on the history only, just by talking to you can make out just by looking at the skin some things can be made out.
As to what is the cause of darkening and what is the cause of dullness?

Sometimes, it is only hormonal. If there is a lot of insulin production in the body that is not working well. It is working less and the body is making more insulin, that is another cause of dullness and darkening.
Sometimes a lot of people take a very high carbohydrate diet that is one of the important cause of skin darkening and dullness.
Smoking, too much exposure to pollution, too much stress, a lot of AC exposure such things can play a role and a major role in dullness and darkening.
So, when it comes to treatment options, we have a lot of external treatment options, we have beams and lasers and we have some of the latest and best laser technologies. For laser toning, we have ND Q- switch lasers. We have one of the latest, very mild, superficial laser light pills like Resurfex, a lot of such options and I can go on and on about the options.

But remember, there is no magic treatment. Anything that you get done on the skin only externally is going to come back. Your dullness will return. So, if you really want to glow a lighter skin from within. If you really want a radiant complexion from the body and the exposed areas, it has to come from within.
And based on all these information, you can always talk to your dermatologist or see me or seek an appointment over Lybrate or any other platform and reach out to each other.

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Know More About Depression
Things you shouldn't say to a Depressed person!

Hello, I am Dr. Armaan Pandey. I am a consultant psychiatrist and I am going to tell you something about Depression today.

Now, we all know that depression is a very common illness and its very likely that you have come across someone who has suffered from depression, maybe a friend, a family member and an acquaintance. I am going to tell you three things that you should never tell a person who has depression. The first and foremost, never ask them why are they depressed. We often feel that a person has depression due to certain problems in their life, like a bad relationship or some problem at work or some issues with someone, financial issues. Now, these problems can be a factor in depression but they are not the cause. Depression is a very biological disease. it happens due to some neurochemical disturbances in the brain. In the same kind of stressful environment, not everyone is going to get depressed.

When we ask this question, Why are you depressed? we are implying that you should not be depressed. Sometimes, it may be misinterpreted as I am too weak and therefore I am depressed. I am not able to handle my situation, therefore, I am depressed. This may make the person more miserable, so refrain from asking this question. Instead, what you can ask or rather what you can do is to educate yourself about depression from authentic sources. Consult the doctor and ask the psychiatrist that what are the causes and what you can do about it and help the patient understand these causes because they might be blaming themselves for the condition that they have. This is how you can be helpful.

The second thing that you should completely avoid while interacting with a person suffering from depression is telling them what to do. Often, I hear family members tell the patient that go for a walk, start exercising a little bit, take a vacation, or go engage in some activity, do work, eat this, don t eat that. Now, of course the intention is very good, you are trying to help out this person and a lot of times these things do help us make feel better. So these activities do make us feel better and this may release the symptoms of depression a little bit but this is not the cure. The second problem is that, a person who has depression has very low motivation and energy to do anything, even routine things.

For them, getting out of the bed, brushing their teeth, getting a bath, getting ready for work, going to work itself is a big task, and top of that if we add morning walks, it becomes a further burden on them. When they are not able to accomplish that, they feel even worse about themselves. So, refrain from doing that. Instead, what you can do is ask them how can you help them and ask them, What can I do for you? instead of telling them what you think they should do. This definitely would be very helpful. The third thing that you should be very careful about is never tell them, Just forget about it or get over it because depression is not like a switch on our brains which can be turned on and off and we can decide to depressed today and tomorrow I will not be depressed. Just like a person who has physical illness is advised to take treatment, to take some rest, and then get better. This is exactly what you say to a person who has depression or for that matter any kind of illness, to take treatment, to take rest, and get better. Do not ask them to just forget about it.

I hope these tips are useful to you. You can contact me through
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice