Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Cardiac Catheterization: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Cardiac Catheterization is also known as cardiac cath or heart cath.

How is the treatment done?

Cardiac Catheterization is a small procedure, which checks the health and functioning capacity of the heart. It helps in the effective diagnoses and treatment of heart conditions. This procedure is performed to locate any blockage in the heart or narrowing of the blood vessels. At the same time the doctor also measures the pressure in the heart. A sample of the tissue may be taken and congenital heart defects may be checked. The sample tissue is then put under a microscope and checked for an abnormalities or problems. Samples of the blood are also taken in order to measure the oxygen content in the blood that is pumped out of the heart.

This procedure is also done along with other procedures in order to treat cardiac disease. It may accompany an angioplasty or a surgery which is done to close a hole in the heart or treat other types of congenital heart issues. Cardiac Catheterization may also be done with balloon vavuloplasty or heart arrhythmia treatment.

The procedure is also done to remove light blockage in the heart. If after the procedure any further cardiac issues are diagnosed relevant treatment options are suggested by the doctors.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Cardiac Catheterization is generally done under the influence of local anesthesia. If more than one procedure is being performed, general anesthesia may be given to the patient. During the procedure a long and narrow tube that is known as a catheter is inserted into the body via a introducer sheath. The sheath is a hollow tube which is introduced into one of the blood vessels in the arm or leg. With the help of a special X-ray machine, the catheter is then guided towards the coronary arteries of the heart. Once the catheter reaches the heart, a contrast ink is injected through the catheter, which creates contrasting images that are detected by the machine. This step helps the doctors check for a blockage in the heart. It is called coronary angiogram or coronary angiography.

Along with an angiography, the doctor may also perform IVUS and FFR procedures.

In order to prepare for the procedure the doctor generally advices the patient not to eat or take in any liquid for at least 6 hours before it is done. Blood thinning medication may also be prescribed to make it easier for the catheter and the ink to enter the body and reach the heart.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Cardiac Catheterization is suggested to patients who may have coronary syndrome or show signs of heart disease such as fatigue, pain in the heart etc. If patients have opted for prior stress testing, and show signs of cardiac problems they may be recommended to opt for this procedure.

Are there any side effects?

There is no such criteria for non-eligibility of the procedure.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Some side effects of the procedure include- bruising, heart attack, bleeding, stroke, arrhythmia, damage to the kidneys, formation of blood clots, infection, allergic reaction as a result of the dye that is used, artery or blood vessel damage because of the introduction of the catheter etc.

Women who are pregnant or planning to have a baby should also inform their doctor before undergoing the procedure.

How long does it take to recover?

When it comes to post-procedure recovery, the hospital stay of the patient will generally depend on his condition. Once the procedure is done, it takes a few hours for recovery. The anesthesia will take a couple of hours to wear off and the catheter will be removed once the patient is shifted to his room. Depending on where the catheter was placed, specific instruction to take rest will be given.

The patient may be released either the same day or the next depending on the time he takes to recover.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The recovery depends whether the procedure was performed as a test or a treatment. It may take a few days to completely recover from the procedure. Until then, the patient should get plenty of rest and take his medication as instructed. Diet and liquid intake should also be maintained.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The price of the procedure in the country is about Rs16, 000 - Rs20, 000, which is about $254 U.S approximately.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

If the procedure is done to remove light heart blockage, it is quite permanent if the patient takes care of his health and diet henceforth. The blockage may reappear if a healthy lifestyle in not maintained.

Popular Questions & Answers

My son is diagnosed with bicuspid aortic valve disease. Now everything is normal. And he has allergic cough. Is this condition dangerous or normal. What are the precautions that need to be taken in his development. I am worried.

MD (Physician), MD (Pulmonology)
Pulmonologist, Bareilly
Lungs & Heart work in association, so any disorder in one will affect the other to some extent. It would be advisable to take advice of a pediatrician for Vaccination against Influenza & Pneumonia.

I am suffering from breathing problem. I can not breathe at night when I sleeping. Can you suggest me something for that.

MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
Breathing difficulty may involve: Difficult breathing Uncomfortable breathing Feeling like you are not getting enough air There is no standard definition for difficulty breathing. Some people feel breathless with only mild exercise (for example, c...
5 people found this helpful

Hello doctor I got diagnosed with moderate aortic stenosis with mean gradient 28 mm hg and peak gradient 54 mm hg with mild aortic regurgitation. Is it serious problem. Please suggest me and help.

MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
The aorta is the main artery that carries blood out of the heart to the rest of the body. Blood flows out of the heart and into the aorta through the aortic valve. In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve does not open fully. This decreases blood flow...
8 people found this helpful

Hi I am 25 years old I seen blood in phlegm from past 1 week may know the reason. Please tell.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Trivandrum
The most usual causes of blood stained phlegm is sinus infections or any kinds of trauma. Effort full try to expell phlegm can cause small blood vessels to rupture which causes bleeding. Rarely lung conditions can cause blood stained phlegm. For d...

While walking I feel short of breath. After taking some rest it becomes ok. Is it a symptom of a blocked artery?

MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
Breathing difficulty may involve: Difficult breathing Uncomfortable breathing Feeling like you are not getting enough air There is no standard definition for difficulty breathing. Some people feel breathless with only mild exercise (for example, c...

Popular Health Tips

Causes and Symptoms of Heart Valve Disease

Fellowship In Electrophysiology, Fellowship In Interventional Cardiology, DM - Cardiology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Cardiologist, Kolkata
Causes and Symptoms of Heart Valve Disease
Complications in the heart valve occur when the functioning of the heart valve is impaired. Valves of the heart allow the blood to flow in one direction and prevent the blood from flowing back into the ventricles of the heart. Heart valve diseases...
4368 people found this helpful

Ventricular Septal Defect - An Overview!

MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, FNB Pediatric Cardiology
Pediatric Cardiologist, Delhi
Ventricular Septal Defect - An Overview!
VSD (a hole in the heart) refers to a congenital heart disease where a hole is formed in the ventricle septum i.e. wall between two lower chambers of the heart. As a result of this, blood from the left portion of the heart (left ventricle) crosses...
3293 people found this helpful

Top 10 Cardiologist in Mumbai!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
Top 10 Cardiologist in Mumbai!
Day to day stress, poor lifestyle and lack of physical activity can lead to many problems including risk of heart problems. These top 10 cardiologist can help you in assessing the functioning of heart and help in a proper diagnosis and treatment o...
9 people found this helpful

Top 10 Cardiologist in Delhi!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
Cardiac problems are very scary and what is more scary is choosing the top cardiologist in Delhi. There are so many cardiologist in Delhi and there are so many type of cardiologist depending on their area of specialization. Clinical cardiologists,...
10 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MD - Internal Medicine,MBBS,DM - Cardiology,Fellow European Society of Cardiology
Cardiology
Play video
Cardiac Devices
Hi, I am Dr. Aman makhija hai. Main cardiologist or cardiac device expert hoon. Aaj hum baat karenge heart mein jo devices lagti hai unke baare mein. Heart ki devices jaisi ki jaise aap yaha dekh sakte hai ye pacemakers, ICD yeh ek cardiac devices...
Play video
Cardiac Problems
Hi, I am Ashok K Gupta. I am a Cardiac surgeon. I would like to tell you all about Cardiac problem. By 2020, the cardiac problem has become a big hazard for our country. This is associated with Diabetes, blood pressure, smoking, over weight, lack ...
Play video
Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
Hello, I am Dr Krishna Prasad cardiothoracic surgeon from Mumbai. I would like to discuss with you all about minimally invasive cardiac surgery. Now recently minimally invasive cardiac surgery is picking up its interest and lot of surgeries can be...
Play video
Fear of Cardiac Surgery
Hello everyone. I am Dr Ashok Gupta, cardiologist. I would like to bring awareness about the Phobia of Cardiac surgery. Cardiac surgery is a big think. But because of the advancement in the technique and expertisation, it is becoming 100% safe. Be...
Play video
What are the difference between Cardiac Arrest, Heart Failure and Heart Attack
I am Dr. Nishith Chandra, Director, Interventional Cardiologist at Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi, India. I am at this institute from last 22 years. Today I will discuss about the differences between cardiac arrest, heart failure and he...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice