Lybrate Logo
Get the App
For Doctors
Book Appointment
Ask a Question
Plan my Surgery
Health Feed
Health Feed

Health Benefits of Basil And Its Side Effects

Last Updated: Sep 07, 2020

Topic Image

Basil is ideal for fighting against inflammatory diseases, cancer, bacterial infections, viral infections, stress, cardiovascular problems, etc. It also facilitates normal liver functioning and acts as a natural aphrodisiac.


Basil is also called ‘Saint-Joseph’s wort.’ It is used as a culinary source, but can also be used for medicinal purposes. It derives its name from the Greek word ‘loyal or kingly’ plant. Basil is grown in India abundantly and has been cultivated for more than five thousand years. It is a very tender plant and is mostly used in Italian cuisine.

Basil leaves can have a variety of tastes like pungent, strong or even sweet. It has a very relaxing smell. There are different kinds of Basils like Thai basil, lemon basil, holy basil and African blue basil.

Nutritional Value of Basil

A variety of basil including Ocimum species are grown throughout Asia. Mostly Asian Basil has a flavour which is similar to clove and is much stronger than Mediterranean basils. In India and Nepal holy basil as known as ‘Tulsi’ and is very common and popular. Lemon Basil has a very strong smell due to a chemical known as citral present in it, lemon basil is widely abundant in Indonesia.

Basil usually consists of a lot of essential oils, eugenol, camphor (present in African blue basil only), anethole (present in Licorice Basil only), linalool, pinene, methyl chavocil, terpineol and myrcene.

Nutritional facts Per 100 grams

0.6 g
Total Fat
4 mg
295 mg
2.7 g
Total Carbohydrate
3.2 g

Vitamins and Minerals in Basil

105 %
Vitamin A
30 %
Vitamin C
17 %
10 %
Vitamin B-6
16 %

Health Benefits of Basil

Topic Image
Mentioned below are the best health benefits of Basil

Basil contains antioxidants which fights diseases

Basil leaves contains essential oils which help to combat against free radical damage to the body. It also protects the cells and DNA structure. Basil leaves helps to give protection to the white blood cells that aid in immune system functioning and also regulating cellular structures.

This is due to the presence of water soluble antioxidants like viceninare and orientin. The antioxidants which are present in basil can protect the body from cancerous growth and mutation of cells.

Most of the times, toxins are present in our diet which cause stress to occur in the body, Basil leaves has anti-oxidants which help us fight oxidation and slows down the effect of aging.

Basil leaves acts as an natural anti- inflammatory

Basil leaves consists of a lot of helpful essential oils such as linalool, citronellol, eugenol, etc. Oil of basil seed usually inhibit enzymes that help to fight heart diseases, inflammatory bowel diseases and rheumatoid arthritis.

If Basil leaves is consumed on a regular basis by adding to any dish or by mixing it in tea, it can make your immune system much stronger and help you combat against these diseases.

Basil leaves also has cancer fighting properties

According to many people, Basil plant has the power to prevent cancer from its root. This is due to the fact that it contains phytochemicals that help to prevent lung, oral, liver and skin cancer.

Basil can induce cancer cell apoptosis successfully and stop the cancer cells from spreading throughout the body. This is due to the increase of antioxidant activity which can alter gene expressions.

During chemotherapy or radiation therapy, one can keep consuming Basil leaves and seeds as a supplemental cancer cure. It is also known to relieve discomfort after chemotherapy in most cases.

Basil Leaves for protection bacterial infections

Since Basil has anti-bacterial properties, it can provide immense protection against the growth of bacteria inside the human body. Basil extract is also helpful in curing diseases caused by bacteria such as Staph infection and E. Coli. According to studies, Basil leaves acts against the bacteria by inhibiting their growth to a great extent.

Basil Leaves also fight against virus

Viral infections are very common in kids and teenagers. Basil leaves helps to fight against ailments caused due to virus, bacteria, molds and yeasts. Basil is the best herb which can offer protection by combating candida virus and other forms of skin irritation.

Basil good for stress

Basil acts as a adaptogen which is a herbal medicine, it helps the body to adapt to stress and reduce the harmful effects of stress on the body. After consuming Basil leaves on a daily basis, one can observe increase in antioxidant activity and decrease in the blood sugar levels.

Basil Leaves is also helpful in people who suffer from mental health disorders like anxiety and depression. This is why a lot of people in India chew basil leaves to maintain a healthy body and mind.

Basil seeds for heartburn

Basil seeds contains antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties which assists the muscles to relax and contract. It also maintains a healthy blood pressure in a person.

Basil leaves is known to prevent the clumping together of blood platelet which can otherwise result to a blood clot and cause cardiac arrest. Consuming Basil surely promotes our cardiovascular health to a certain extent.

Basil health benefits for liver

Basil seed produces enzymes which help to detoxify and have high antioxidant defences. This leads to the decrease of fat build up inside the liver. Fat build up of the liver can cause non alcoholic fatty liver disease and it can be very detrimental for health. Therefore, Basil leaves helps to prevent this disease and keeps one healthy and safe from such ailments.

Basil leaves acts as an aphrodisiac

Basil is beneficial for soothing the discomfort and pain associated with malaria. Basil leaves speeds up the healing process due to its antibacterial properties. It is also useful in preventing malaria from occurring.

Uses of Basil

Basil leaves has a lot of uses such as relieving stomach spasm, worm infections, warts and head colds. It also treats kidney conditions, intestinal gas and loss of appetite.


Side-Effects & Allergies of Basil

Basil doesn’t usually cause allergic reaction often on people, but it should not be consumed in excess. Those who are trying to get pregnant or are pregnant should avoid basil as much as possible. People who are on diabetic medication or cholesterol control medication should not consume Basil as it can have detrimental effects on their health.

Cultivation of Basil

Basil leaves cannot be grown in a frosty or a very cold area. It also ceases to exist in dry conditions. Basil is cultivated in many countries throughout the world which falls under subtropical climates, temperate climates and Mediterranean areas. Usually they are grown in abundance in places located in Asia and the Mediterranean region.


Popular Questions & Answers

View All

I am having cough since last 1 week can I take ...


Dr. Vivek Trivedi

General Physician

yes it is safe. no it does not have sleep formula. Koflet syrup is an ayurvedic cough syrup that ...

I use sensodine toothpaste twice a day. But my ...


Dr. Richa Gol


I think you have periodontitis cleaning (scaling) your teeth by dentist then use snowdent toothpa...

I am currently 15 weeks pregnant. Experiencing ...


Dr. Pulak Mukherjee

Homeopathy Doctor

U can take betel leaf only it has no such impact on your pregnancy also you can take basil n oreg...

I had opted for the natural home remedies (pure...


Dr. R.N.Chaturvedi


The psychological problems of schizophrenia can be removed by psychological counseling and psycho...

Dr. Mere teeth kisi bhi toothpaste se bhi white...


Dr. Isha Malhotra


kindly get teeth cleaning and polishing done ... first ..and get all tartar removed .. once that ...


    Table of content

    Content Details
    Profile Image
    Written ByDrx Hina FirdousPhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child CarePharmacology
    Reviewed By
    Profile Image
    Reviewed ByDt. Ms. Shilpa MarwahB.Sc (Home Science), Post Graduation Diploma in Dietetics and Public Health NutritionDietitian/Nutritionist

    Ask a free question

    Get FREE multiple opinions from Doctors

    posted anonymously