It is said that every person craves an addiction, just as a distraction to one's pain. Any substance that can alter an organism's bodily functions is termed as a drug. The more accommodating terms like misuse, harmful use, dependence, abuse were used to replace depressing and discouraging terms like addicts and addiction, with the hope of encouraging discussions and subsequently improving the existing condition. But, it's been to no avail, so far. If we try to reason out the causes of drug abuse and addiction, multiple layers of factors might come up. What needs to be understood is that the trigger to start drug abuse and the reason that leaves one unable to stop are quite different, and their difference defines the struggle of the life of a drug addict. While teenagers are undoubtedly the most vulnerable, several crucial factors can drive people of any age towards drug abuse.
'Curiosity killed the cat” We live in the age of accessibility and information. This has let us in a stage, where no age is naive, and hence no one is immune.. Everyone is susceptible, as everyone knows.
Causes and factors affecting people agewise are:Pre-adolescent age
Cathryn Kemp had once stated that she used to think a drug addict was someone who lived on the far edges of society. Wild-eyed, shaven-headed and living in a filthy squat.That was until she became one...
The above statement clearly describes the ignorant perception we, as a society holds towards drug addicts and how such falsification disrupts with self-diagnosis or realization.
To catch a close acquaintance abusing a substance, one needs to be very observant about the subtle changes in habits or behaviour.General symptoms-
Most common withdrawal symptom is HANGOVER(a headache, irritability, anxiety and weakness), although, they become progressively worse with chronic use such as- tremor, irritability, flushing, feeling of impending doom and bowel- bladder problems, et cetera.It is to be noted that LSD AND CANNABIS, though powerful psychedelics, do not produce any withdrawal symptoms OD(overdose) symptoms-
loss of consciousness, trauma, delirium, convulsions, coma and perceptual distortion.
'In order to break out from prison, you must realize you are locked up”
Acceptance, Insight and motivation form the pillars of successful treatment. Treatment methodology can be broadly classified as follows:classified into two-
'you become what you fear, and escape what you face” Primary prevention (also called source reduction)-
Illicit drug production, trade, smuggling and distribution must be put under strict Law enforcement.
India is predisposed to drug abuse due to its geographic proximity to major drug routes - Golden triangle and Golden crescent in the east and west respectively. Ideal would be to highly attentive toward youth, along with spreading general awareness while media had been responsible to some extent for the glorification, and hence acceptance of drug use in the name of societal acceptance to taboo the reverse can also be done, with proper mediaRisk Reduction
Initiating a conversation about risks, consequences and disadvantages among highly susceptible groups such as children, along with a caring, yet strong motivation to abstain can be helpful. Close vigil even at the sight of the slightest deviation from normal behaviour is recommended.
Drug withdrawal is the group of symptoms that occur upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of recreational drugs.
The withdrawal symptoms may be drastic if the individual is suffering from any other underlying conditions such as sleep deprivation, anychronic disease, etc.