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Last Updated: Nov 08, 2019
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Hangover - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Hangover? What types of hangovers are there? Symptoms of Hangover : Factors that effects hangover are: What is the treatment for hangover? What is the best medication for hangover? What are the side effects of a hangover? What is the home remedies for hangovers?

What is Hangover?

Hangover is the experience of several unpleasant psychological and physiological effects, which happens after consumption of ethanol, as found in beer, wine and distilled spirits. This state can last for many hours or even beyond a day.

By-products such as congeners in alcoholic beverages or beverage-specific effects of additives also play an important role in creating hangover. The symptoms of this illness occur mostly after the effects of the alcohol begins to wane off. So hangover typically happen in the morning following a night of heavy alcohol consumption.

What types of hangovers are there?

There are many different names given to this condition such as the gradual hangover, the exorcist hangover, the over emotional hangover, the blackout, the food monster or hungry hangover, the fear hangover, the lucky escape, the sneaky hangover, the vomiting profusely hangover, the thirsty hangover, the work hangover, the heartburn hangover, the shameful hangover, etc. These all hangovers are named after the condition experienced by the sufferer like hungry hangover is craving for calorie intake at the time when you wake up.

Symptoms of Hangover :

Hangover symptoms typically begin when your blood alcohol content drops significantly and is at or near zero. They're usually in full effect the morning after a night of heavy drinking. Depending on what and how much you drank, you may notice:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Excessive thirst and dry mouth
  • Headaches and muscle aches
  • Nausea, vomiting or stomach pain
  • Poor or decreased sleep
  • Increased sensitivity to light and sound
  • Dizziness or a sense of the room spinning
  • Shakiness
  • Decreased ability to concentrate
  • Mood disturbances, such as depression, anxiety and irritability
  • Rapid heartbeat

Factors that effects hangover are:

  • Genetics: Flushing phenotypes (alcohol flush reaction) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) in the Asian people are some of the genetic factors that influence alcohol tolerance. Data on hangover patients show that people who have increased acetaldehyde accumulation are more susceptible to this sickness. The fact that less than 25% of drinkers who claim that they had never had hangover, justifies the claims that genetic variation plays a major role in different individuals of severity of the hangover.
  • Age: There are many examples that people tend to experience more bought of hangover and this sickness gets worse as one ages. This may happen owing to declining supply of the enzyme involved in metabolizing alcohol (alcohol dehydrogenase).
  • Sex: Experts say, that at the same number of alcohol, women tend to be more prone to hangover than men. It may be explained by sex differences affects in the pharmacokinetics of the alcoholic drinks. It has been observed that women attain higher BAC (Blood Alcohol Concentration) than men after both of them have consumed the same number of drinks.

What is the treatment for hangover?

Hangover is a state of person where the feeling of fatigue, headache, nausea, dizziness, thirst, and sensitivity to light or sound. This condition occurs when people drink excess or too much alcohol. To treat hangover, there are some ways like drink plenty of fluids, consume over-the-counter medication according to the symptoms, consumption of food like dinner and breakfast, consumption of food rich in antioxidants like almonds, cherries, pomegranates, dark chocolate, etc. A person experiencing hangover should not have any dark-colored alcoholic beverages or drinks with congeners. They should have a good and sound sleep and can drink coffee or tea because it can help a person to deal with grogginess.

What is the best medication for hangover?

After drinking an excess of alcohol, a person may experience different types of symptoms and depending upon them, medications can be taken. For example, if there is a headache, person can take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen but no acetaminophen as it is damaging the liver upon combining with alcohol. Certain other medications like Ondansetron, Pepcid, and Zantac can help in relieving nausea and vomiting as well as stomach upset condition due to hangover. It is recommended that consume only two tablets of any NSAIDs in a day as it may affect kidney functioning upon over-usage.

What are the side effects of a hangover?

Alcohol is a beverage consumed mostly by many people all over the world. This drink produces different effects on the body such as dehydration, gastrointestinal effects, imbalance of electrolyte, immune system effects, low blood sugar levels, sleep disturbance, and vasodilation. When the level of alcohol starts decreasing in the body, it shows symptoms like headache, nausea, and vomiting, excessive craving for water, dizziness or sluggishness, increased or rapid heartbeats, mood disturbances or instability, no or distracted concentration, problems in sleep, etc. Difficulty in taking decisions or disturbances in cognitive functioning, and sensitivity to light and/or sound are also observed as one of the side effects of hangover.

What is the home remedies for hangovers?

Home remedies for hangovers:

It is well-known by everyone that when a person had hangover due to excess consumption of alcohol, he or she should consume a glass of lemon water to ease the symptoms. It is also advised to drink lots of fluids like water so that the lost potassium and salt levels can be restored. At the first wake up, a person should have healthy foods that are rich in carbohydrates, minerals, and proteins. On the other side, it is also recommended to do some light exercises like yoga or meditation, taking shower (cold or hot depending upon weather and capacity), Some natural remedies like Bone Broth, turmeric, Keto Coffee, coconut water, Whey protein, lemon ginger tea are also suggested as home remedies for hangovers.


Popular Questions & Answers

I went to a concert last night with my bf. We had a shot of whiskey beforehand & I had plenty of food before too. I felt great, & don't think the whiskey really affected me. We got to the show which was a bit of a walk into the mountains here is CO so I was a little winded but still felt fine. We had another shot at the bar before heading over to the main stage. We found our seats fine & were enjoying the show. We were smoking a little weed too & I felt a bit high but nothing unusual. I was feeling really great and enjoying the music & hugging my bf & then all of a sudden felt like everything was getting a little fuzzy. The fuzziness was just in the sound, I think I could still see everything okay, but the flashing/bright lights looked very bright. The sound was the main thing though & everything sounded kind of hazy and "heavy" and a little like the sound was getting further away or sounding less like actual words & more like background noise. I went to sit down because I though maybe it was just the shots & weed but then I felt incredibly disoriented. After that I don't remember a lot & must have been in & out of consciousness because I only recall "flashes" of what was happening. I could feel that I couldn't really stand very well at one point and that my face and inside my head had a feeling of hotness, like a hot iron was inside my skull. My bf said I was completely out at one point & he had to lift up my dead weight which I don't recall at all. He said he was trying to slap my face a little & kept calling out my name, which I think I vaguely recall him saying my name once or twice. I also remember staring straight ahead of me & I think he was talking to me but I couldn't make out what he was saying and couldn't manage to say anything or try and respond to him as hard as I tried. I remember also saying "something's wrong, I need help" He said he did call the first aid people but we ended up leaving beforehand.(I know I probably should have stayed but I don't have health insurance & was very confused and terrified) Anyhow, he said I came out of it a little when the music stopped & he tried to stand me up. I do recall this part a bit and remember feeling really wobbly & like I could walk straight & like my knees were going to give out. We managed to make it away from the concert a bit and I heard him ask me to grab the hand rail to steady me. As we kept walking, I started feeling better & better but not 100%. I started moving a little better thought & then could walk without the rail even though me legs felt very heavy. When I tried to talk or explain what I had experienced, words were kind of hard to form (my mouth felt kinda weird?), and I couldn't think too straight yet. He told me the whole ordeal last maybe 10-15 minutes. I really don't know what to think. It seems to me like maybe the music/lights maybe triggered it or made it worse? I knew I just had to get away from the music & it would get better & it did seem to help but I have never had an issue like that at a loud concert or anything before. The only thing I have ever noticed is I was watching TV once & everything in the room started to "wobble" a bit. I thought maybe I was just tired but I think it was some sort of visual disturbance. My head doesn't hurt today but feels a little odd. I feel totally fine otherwise. Didn't include that I also kind of had minor issues swallowing water right last night after I got home.

M. S. in Psychotherapy and Counselling
Psychologist, Jaipur
Hi, I would advise you to see a neurologist asap. It all might have happened due to the mix effect of alcohol and weed but looking at your past experience with TV I am suggesting you to see a neurologist.

Doctors pls help me. Yesterday I had a party so I drank and smoked heavily and vomited and slept. Even in the morning I vomited. Now I feel like vomiting often and burping a lot. I could not able to breathe properly and my body feels like getting paralyzed. How to get rid of it.

Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Vignesh, i am answering after 3 days. I hope you are fine now after acute intoxication effect of alcohol. This is the best time for you to quit both alcohol and smoking. You are young and have other interests to come up in life. Please contin...
2 people found this helpful

Dear sir, yesterday I consume alcohol (bear) and today feeling well due to feeling vomiting and body pain, headache also have problem in stomach from 1 week (has to go to the toilet immediately after having food) please advise.

Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
Take home cooked, fresh light food. Drink boiled water. Take ors. Maintain active life style curd is good for u. Avoid fast foods, spicy n fried foods for details you can consult me.

Hi there, I am a 25 year old (turning 26 this july) male who is otherwise healthy. About 5 days ago, I accidentally drank too much rum at home and ended up with a hangover. This is my first time really ever drinking too much as I only started consuming regular alcohol within the last 6 months since I wanted to try out whiskey and others. Before the 6 months, I had the occasional glass of wine or beer. It was sort of rare for me to drink even enough to feel different. However, this time I went too far and ended up vomiting and aching all over. The vomiting stopped by the next day and the aches ended the day after that. The issue I am concerned about is a lasting dullness in my head and mind, as well as a slight stomach ache every morning so far. My decision making and reaction times are not impacted as far as I can tell, as I can go to work and drive around the city without any issues. It's just when I focus on something that my mind feels cloudy and perhaps tight, maybe even like it is mildly spinning. As an example: I walked into walmart last night and found myself looking up at the white lights on the ceiling. I was focusing on them just fine, buy I felt like it wasn't a sharp focus as if my mind was blocked, despite being able to actually focus on the lights. I do not seem to have any issues with the functions of my focusing or thoughts as far as I can tell, it's more of a sensation that my mind feels tight. Sort of like a feeling that I wasn't focusing on it clearly despite actually doing so. Often times when I move my head rapidly, I start to get dizzy, not enough to fall over, but enough to get a little nauseous. It is not painful and it does not impact my day to day life once I shower and leave the house. It's just always there and it has me concerned that I might have done more damage than I expected. Additionally, every morning since, I have woken up with a mild stomach issue where it feels like I might vomit something up, but then I burp up some gas and the feeling goes away I have never had this before in my life in this frequency. Just last night, I tried to raise my blood sugar levels since I hadn't taken in much sugar since. Had 2 cans of pop and a package of 10 reese's peanut butter cups, followed by a litre of milk once the soda left my system. I ended up feeling some sharp pains in my stomach that came on and stopped over and over again. I notice that it gets much better after I shower and leave my apartment, but still is not bad when I return later in the day. Seems primarily when I wake up and spend time inside without going out. I do not mean to be a hypochondriac, but I find the fun I had drinking is outweighed by the morning after, so I would as soon as quit drinking entirely. I just hope to get out of this slump and get back to normal. Even yesterday, I have only had 2 cups of coffee like i've done many times before and I got some strange feelings in the stomach and was occasionally dizzy. I kept a jug of water near my bed for a couple of days to try to rehydrate myself, and I haven't really felt dry. Even right now, it feels like my mind is very tight and my focus is not as sharp as it was before. Any advice is appreciated.

MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Mahabubnagar
Hi. Gone through your history. your condition is a typical post alcoholic binge episode. I would advice to take plenty of water and fruit juices and be rehydrated properly. Also I think the excess alcohol with voilent recthing and vomiting has cau...

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