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Hangover - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Hangover?

Hangover is the experience of several unpleasant psychological and physiological effects, which happens after consumption of ethanol, as found in beer, wine and distilled spirits. The malady can last for many hours or even beyond a day.

While the causes of this sickness are still poorly understood by the doctors, many factors have been held responsible for this malady. These are changes in the immune system, acetaldehyde accumulation and changes in glucose metabolism factors in the body. Also disturbed prostaglandin synthesis, dehydration, increased cardiac output, metabolic acidosis, vasodilation, and malnutrition along with sleep deprivation brings about this sickness.By-products such as congeners in alcoholic beverages or beverage-specific effects of additives also play an important role in creating hangover. The symptoms of this illness occur mostly after the effects of the alcohol begins to wane off. So hangover typically happen in the morning following a night of heavy alcohol consumption.

Symptoms :

Hangover symptoms typically begin when your blood alcohol content drops significantly and is at or near zero. They're usually in full effect the morning after a night of heavy drinking. Depending on what and how much you drank, you may notice:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Excessive thirst and dry mouth
  • Headaches and muscle aches
  • Nausea, vomiting or stomach pain
  • Poor or decreased sleep
  • Increased sensitivity to light and sound
  • Dizziness or a sense of the room spinning
  • Shakiness
  • Decreased ability to concentrate
  • Mood disturbances, such as depression, anxiety and irritability
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Genetics: Flushing phenotypes (alcohol flush reaction) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) in the Asian people are some of the genetic factors that influence alcohol tolerance. Data on hangover patients show that people who have increased acetaldehyde accumulation are more susceptible to this sickness. The fact that less than 25% of drinkers who claim that they had never had hangover, justifies the claims that genetic variation plays a major role in different individuals of severity of the hangover.
  • Age: There are many examples that people tend to experience more bought of hangover and this sickness gets worse as one ages. This may happen owing to declining supply of the enzyme involved in metabolizing alcohol (alcohol dehydrogenase).
  • Sex: Experts say, that at the same number of alcohol, women tend to be more prone to hangover than men. It may be explained by sex differences affects in the pharmacokinetics of the alcoholic drinks. It has been observed that women attain higher BAC (Blood Alcohol Concentration) than men after both of them have consumed the same number of drinks.
Usually self diagnosable
Symptoms
Dry mouth and dizziness Fatigue along with gastrointestinal complains. Sweating along with nausea and hyper-excitability. General discomfort that can last more than 24 hours.

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Popular Questions & Answers

I went to a concert last night with my bf. We had a shot of whiskey beforehand & I had plenty of food before too. I felt great, & don't think the whiskey really affected me. We got to the show which was a bit of a walk into the mountains here is CO so I was a little winded but still felt fine. We had another shot at the bar before heading over to the main stage. We found our seats fine & were enjoying the show. We were smoking a little weed too & I felt a bit high but nothing unusual. I was feeling really great and enjoying the music & hugging my bf & then all of a sudden felt like everything was getting a little fuzzy. The fuzziness was just in the sound, I think I could still see everything okay, but the flashing/bright lights looked very bright. The sound was the main thing though & everything sounded kind of hazy and "heavy" and a little like the sound was getting further away or sounding less like actual words & more like background noise. I went to sit down because I though maybe it was just the shots & weed but then I felt incredibly disoriented. After that I don't remember a lot & must have been in & out of consciousness because I only recall "flashes" of what was happening. I could feel that I couldn't really stand very well at one point and that my face and inside my head had a feeling of hotness, like a hot iron was inside my skull. My bf said I was completely out at one point & he had to lift up my dead weight which I don't recall at all. He said he was trying to slap my face a little & kept calling out my name, which I think I vaguely recall him saying my name once or twice. I also remember staring straight ahead of me & I think he was talking to me but I couldn't make out what he was saying and couldn't manage to say anything or try and respond to him as hard as I tried. I remember also saying "something's wrong, I need help" He said he did call the first aid people but we ended up leaving beforehand.(I know I probably should have stayed but I don't have health insurance & was very confused and terrified) Anyhow, he said I came out of it a little when the music stopped & he tried to stand me up. I do recall this part a bit and remember feeling really wobbly & like I could walk straight & like my knees were going to give out. We managed to make it away from the concert a bit and I heard him ask me to grab the hand rail to steady me. As we kept walking, I started feeling better & better but not 100%. I started moving a little better thought & then could walk without the rail even though me legs felt very heavy. When I tried to talk or explain what I had experienced, words were kind of hard to form (my mouth felt kinda weird?), and I couldn't think too straight yet. He told me the whole ordeal last maybe 10-15 minutes. I really don't know what to think. It seems to me like maybe the music/lights maybe triggered it or made it worse? I knew I just had to get away from the music & it would get better & it did seem to help but I have never had an issue like that at a loud concert or anything before. The only thing I have ever noticed is I was watching TV once & everything in the room started to "wobble" a bit. I thought maybe I was just tired but I think it was some sort of visual disturbance. My head doesn't hurt today but feels a little odd. I feel totally fine otherwise. Didn't include that I also kind of had minor issues swallowing water right last night after I got home.

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Hi, I would advise you to see a neurologist asap. It all might have happened due to the mix effect of alcohol and weed but looking at your past experience with TV I am suggesting you to see a neurologist.

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Hi, Last night I drunk vodka and beer and today I am feeling not good. What should I eat or drink now?

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Hi I am 21 years old. late night I took alcohol more. While having food in home I got vomit sensation. Then I started vomiting suddenly blood came in that. Whats the reason of that?

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Not because of sex. It may be due to gastric irritation by alcohol. Take. 1.Tab. Pantop-D 40 mg once a day 2. Syrup Antacid 2 teaspoon 3-4 times a day. 3. Take rest 4. Avoid alcohol 5. Avoid solid foods. Take electoral/ORS fluid to maintain electr...
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Table of Content

What is Hangover?

Symptoms :

The individualized person related factors that effects hangover are:

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice