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Overview

Hangover - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Hangover is the experience of several unpleasant psychological and physiological effects, which happens after consumption of ethanol, as found in beer, wine and distilled spirits. The malady can last for many hours or even beyond a day.

While the causes of this sickness are still poorly understood by the doctors, many factors have been held responsible for this malady. These are changes in the immune system, acetaldehyde accumulation and changes in glucose metabolism factors in the body. Also disturbed prostaglandin synthesis, dehydration, increased cardiac output, metabolic acidosis, vasodilation, and malnutrition along with sleep deprivation brings about this sickness. By-products such as congeners in alcoholic beverages or beverage-specific effects of additives also play an important role in creating hangover. The symptoms of this illness occur mostly after the effects of the alcohol begins to wane off. So hangover typically happen in the morning following a night of heavy alcohol consumption.

Although there are many possible remedies and also ‘folk-cures” that has been advised, there is no substantial evidence to prove that they are really effectual in treating or preventing alcohol hangover. The socioeconomic health risks and consequences of a hangover include impaired job performance, workplace absenteeism, reduced productivity and poor academic achievements. Hangover also put the sufferer into potential hazards while performing activities like, operating heavy machineries or while driving.

The individualized person related factors that effects hangover are:

  • Genetics: Flushing phenotypes (alcohol flush reaction) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) in the Asian people are some of the genetic factors that influence alcohol tolerance. Data on hangover patients show that people who have increased acetaldehyde accumulation are more susceptible to this sickness. The fact that less than 25% of drinkers who claim that they had never had hangover, justifies the claims that genetic variation plays a major role in different individuals of severity of the hangover.
  • Age: There are many examples that people tend to experience more bought of hangover and this sickness gets worse as one ages. This may happen owing to declining supply of the enzyme involved in metabolizing alcohol (alcohol dehydrogenase).
  • Sex: Experts say, that at the same number of alcohol, women tend to be more prone to hangover than men. It may be explained by sex differences affects in the pharmacokinetics of the alcoholic drinks. It has been observed that women attain higher BAC (Blood Alcohol Concentration) than men after both of them have consumed the same number of drinks.
Usually self diagnosable
Symptoms
Dry mouth and dizziness Fatigue along with gastrointestinal complains. Sweating along with nausea and hyper-excitability. General discomfort that can last more than 24 hours.

Popular Health Tips

Hangover Management

Dr. Rajesh Choda 94% (6689 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Zirakpur
Hangover Management
INDIAN SCENE OF FESTIVALS AND USE OF EXCESSIVE ALCOHOL: With festival season approaching fast, the use of Alcohol goes beyond normal consumption limits by otherwise normal alcohol drinkers. Members of societies which forbid alocohol drinking also are seen tempted towards fun by relaxing, intoxicating and inebriating themselves by use of alcohol. .Alcoholism is a major health and social problem throughout the world though it is a major cause of motor accidents particularly for young people. GLOBAL SCENE OF ALCOHOLISM: Alcoholism is a major health and social problem throuhout the globe though it is amjor cause of motor accidents and incidental deaths particularly for young people. The consumption of alcohol has existed in human society since time immemorial. In modern world all types of alcoholic beverages are freely available in global market. Heavy drinkers suffer from HANGOVER which is a collection of signs and symptoms linked with recent bouts of heavy drinking. Hangovers may occur at any time of the day but commonly the morning the night of heavy or excess drinking and person may experience: 1. Physical symptoms: headache, dizziness, sickness, sleepyness, thirsty and confused 2. Psychological and mental fatigue: feels elevated levels of anxiety, regret, shame, embarrassment, depression etc and less the sleep worse the hangover. CURE AND PREVENTION: Modern science clearly indicates that there is no cure but resting, drinking water and replacing electrolytes by food may help. Generally symptoms go away after 24 hrs. Preventive measure is responsible drinking. EFFECTS ON LIVER: Drinking heavy and excess alcohol can increase your risk of developing alcoholic liver disease e.g. fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, chronic hepatitis, liver fibrosis/ cirrhosis etc. When liver tries to breakdown alcohol, the resultant chemical reaction can damage its cells. Similarly heavy alcohol damages intestinal lining/ intestines thereby allowing gut bacteria to enter liver causing inflammation and scarring of liver. When regular excesses in drinking is the way of life, you may guess what can be the worst in a particular person. AYURVEDA's PERSPECTIVE FOR PREVENTION and CURE: Ayurveda has clear opinion and rules on the use of Madya - the Alcohol. Ayurveda has defined views on npreparation of Herbal wines called Asavas and Arishtas. Western Herbalism also uses tinctures etc in the same way as Ayurveda to extract active ingradients of herbs. In Ayurveda MADATYA ROGA is associated with effects of alcoholism. Ayurveda's herbal bitters like Neem, Guduchi, Bhuiamla, Kalmegh, Amla and many others not only protect and cure liver inflammation by Pittavirechan and detoxification but there are other home remedies like dates, raisins, Kokum butter, tamarind fruit, pomegranates, Amla etc which may be combined as powder and taken with 100ml of boiled, cooled water. It may be taken soon after alcohol intake or at bed time or in the morning. Make it fresh because it cant be stored for long. Amalvetas,Tvak, Ela, Marich, Safed Jeera, Souvarchal Namak, Vrikshamala, Sugar effectively overcomes hangover. SO I MAY SAY THAT RESONSIBLE DRINKING AND USE OF HERBS ARE WISER STEPS TO COMBAT EFFECTS OF ALCOHOLISM. Customised and readymade Ayurvedic Solutions are available for prevention and cure of Hangover and Liver affliction.

Hangover - 4 Hacks For You

Ms. Pummy Virmani 84% (95 ratings)
Certificate In Food / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Dehradun
Hangover - 4 Hacks For You
5 simple and effective ways to cure that hangover Most people experience prominent side effects on their body and mind the morning following a night of heavy drinking. These after-effects of consuming excessive alcohol, popularly called a hangover, include rapid heartbeat, headache, anxiety, exhaustion, vomiting, dizziness, lack of energy, and body pain. Drinking too much alcohol (5 to 7 drinks for men and 3 to 5 for women) not only causes a hangover but also can negatively impact your health by damaging your liver, central nervous system, brain and gastrointestinal system. It takes about 8 to 24 hours to cure a hangover completely, but you can try these natural remedies to get quick relief from the symptoms and reduce the recovery time. 1. Have a banana A hangover is often associated with decreased potassium levels in your body and having a banana will help replenish it as it contains an adequate amount of the mineral. Directions: you can either have one or two whole bananas or a banana smoothie with few drops of honey to get relieve from most hangover symptoms. 2. Try honey Honey contains fructose, which helps to neutralize the negative impact of alcohol on your body. Moreover, honey provides relief from the hangover as it also helps digest the alcohol better. Directions: take 3-4 teaspoons of honey after each hour (post-hangover) till you feel yourself getting better. You can increase the dosage according to the severity of your hangover. 3. Go for a glass of tomato juice Tomato juice proves to be very effective in curbing the symptoms of a hangover as it compensates for the dehydration caused in your body due to excessive alcohol consumption. Also, due to its fructose content, tomato helps in metabolizing the alcohol present in your body. Directions: drink a glass of fresh tomato juice or soup laden with 1 tablespoon each of honey and fresh lemon juice. You can have this juice in the morning once and repeat in the afternoon if needed. 4. Drink a lot of water When it comes to beating a hangover, there is no substitute for water. Drinking water is not only a tried and tested remedy, but is also the most effective way to cure a hangover. This happens because water fights the dehydration of fluids in your body caused by drinking alcohol. Directions: to keep the hangover at bay, drink one glass of water after each glass or shot of alcohol you consume. If you forget to do this, starting your day with a bottle of water the next morning will help reduce hangover symptoms drastically. If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'consult'. Related Tip: 5 Quick-fix Detox Drinks That Will Do Damage Control This Wedding Season
6512 people found this helpful

4 Tips To Deal With Hangover

Dt. Neha Chandna (Ranglani) 91% (76 ratings)
Masters in Dietetics and Food Service Management -, B.Sc.- Dietitics / Nutrition -, Reebok Instructor Course
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
4 Tips To Deal With Hangover
5 simple and effective ways to cure that hangover Most people experience prominent side effects on their body and mind the morning following a night of heavy drinking. These after-effects of consuming excessive alcohol, popularly called a hangover, include rapid heartbeat, headache, anxiety, exhaustion, vomiting, dizziness, lack of energy, and body pain. Drinking too much alcohol (5 to 7 drinks for men and 3 to 5 for women) not only causes a hangover but also can negatively impact your health by damaging your liver, central nervous system, brain and gastrointestinal system. It takes about 8 to 24 hours to cure a hangover completely, but you can try these natural remedies to get quick relief from the symptoms and reduce the recovery time. 1. Have a banana A hangover is often associated with decreased potassium levels in your body and having a banana will help replenish it as it contains an adequate amount of the mineral. Directions: you can either have one or two whole bananas or a banana smoothie with few drops of honey to get relieve from most hangover symptoms. 2. Try honey Honey contains fructose, which helps to neutralize the negative impact of alcohol on your body. Moreover, honey provides relief from the hangover as it also helps digest the alcohol better. Directions: take 3-4 teaspoons of honey after each hour (post-hangover) till you feel yourself getting better. You can increase the dosage according to the severity of your hangover. 3. Go for a glass of tomato juice Tomato juice proves to be very effective in curbing the symptoms of a hangover as it compensates for the dehydration caused in your body due to excessive alcohol consumption. Also, due to its fructose content, tomato helps in metabolizing the alcohol present in your body. Directions: drink a glass of fresh tomato juice or soup laden with 1 tablespoon each of honey and fresh lemon juice. You can have this juice in the morning once and repeat in the afternoon if needed. 4. Drink a lot of water When it comes to beating a hangover, there is no substitute for water. Drinking water is not only a tried and tested remedy, but is also the most effective way to cure a hangover. This happens because water fights the dehydration of fluids in your body caused by drinking alcohol. Directions: to keep the hangover at bay, drink one glass of water after each glass or shot of alcohol you consume. If you forget to do this, starting your day with a bottle of water the next morning will help reduce hangover symptoms drastically. If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'consult'. Related Tip: 5 Quick-fix Detox Drinks That Will Do Damage Control This Wedding Season
4761 people found this helpful

Homemade Remedies To Cure Hangover!

Dr. Shailendra Kumar Naithani 88% (67 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lucknow
Homemade Remedies To Cure Hangover!
A night out with its fair share of drinks is enjoyable, but it is the morning after which tends to have the after affects. Hangovers are a problem with anybody who has had a drink too much the night before and it might leave you in an incapacitated state due to nausea, headache (learn more about the facts of headache) and dehydration. Here are some of the known homemade remedies which can cure hangovers: Make sure you take a lot of water and fluids: After you have woken up after a night out where you had lots to drink, you are bound to have a hangover as alcohol is known to dehydrate the body. Thus it is advisable that you drink plenty of water and other fluids. Only water isn t going to be enough as water can hydrate you but many of the other nutrients will only be supplied by juices, rehydrating drinks, sports drinks or other such. Thus it is important to consume a variety of these fluids. Eat a hearty breakfast: The longer you are with an empty stomach, the longer it is going to take the hangover to go away. Eating a hearty and filling breakfast will relieve the hangover to a great extent. However, eat foods which are easy to digest, such as cereals and toast. Avoid greasy and oily foods in the morning as they may add to the nausea. If you have nowhere important to be, go back to bed: If you have the time and nothing to do, then it is advisable to sleep (know more to improve the quality of your sleep) a little longer while you keep rehydrating yourself whenever you wake up. This is going to give your body the fluids it needs while resting is going to give it plenty of opportunity to heal itself. Eat ginger, both before and after drinking: Ginger has been used as a home remedy across cultures for centuries to treat nausea. It is thus wise to eat crystallized or candied forms of ginger, both before and after consumption of alcohol as it will lessen its effects on the body. You can take ginger the night after as well to reduce the nausea that comes with hangover. Stretch out and exercise a little: Between naps it may not be a bad idea to stretch out and exercise a little, which will help you release endorphins to make you feel better. However, ensure that it is light exercise so that the nausea and headaches are not exacerbated.
6241 people found this helpful

How Homeopathy Helps To Manage Hangover?

Dr. K P Akbar 88% (60 ratings)
MD (HOMEO)
Homeopath, Kannur
How Homeopathy Helps To Manage Hangover?
Hangover is referred to as the unpleasant symptoms that take place after alcohol consumption in the excessive amount. It is called veisalgia in medical terms. Significant symptoms of a hangover are headache, feeling dizzy, nausea, body ache, vomiting, fatigue, abdomen pain, trouble with concentration, diarrhoea, disturbed sleep, uneasiness and anxiety. The symptoms show up when the intoxicating impact of alcohol drops down to zero. This may keep going for up to 24 hours or more. Homeopathic medicines are extremely powerful in curing a hangover. Medicines of natural cause are utilized as a part of Homeopathy to manage hangover cases. Homeopathic medicines are hence free from any severe reaction due to excess alcohol consumption. Here is a list of different homeopathic medicines for curing a hangover and instances when they are used: Nux vomica and Carbo Veg: Nux Vomica and Carbo Veg are primary homeopathic medicines for a hangover accompanied with headache. Nux Vomica is used when stretched feeling and pain in the head take place after alcohol utilization. Irritation is also experienced with pain in the abdomen, with regular stools are additionally seen alongside headache in such cases. Carbo Veg is one of the best suited homeopathic medicines for a hangover where exceptional headache occurs after alcohol consumption. The head feels overwhelming with a sensation of weight on it. These indications are joined by gastric problems and bloating of the abdomen. Carbo Veg is the best in such cases among Homeopathic medicines for hangovers. Arsenic album and Ipecac: Arsenic Album is helpful where vomiting shows up from taking alcohol. The vomit might be clear, bilious or green in shade. The stomach does not take any sort of nourishment or water and quickly tosses it out. Nausea and retching are likely. Ipecac is a standout among the best homeopathic medicines for a hangover where nausea prevails after taking alcohol along with constant retching. The vomit predominantly comprises of clear, watery fluids. The nausea does not die even after vomiting. Gelsemium: Gelsemium is brilliant among Homeopathic medicines for a hangover where it is accompanied by dizziness. Gelsemium is generally recommended when a man suffers from light headedness. He feels as though the room is revolving all around. The affected person would also have difficulty in walking steadily. Dull or double vision may, likewise, show up. Rhus Tox: Rhus Tox is one of the best homeopathic medicines for body aches emerging from a hangover. It can be utilized for curing body aches and muscle pain emerging from drinking alcohol. Rhus Tox also deals with soreness, wounded feeling or pains that are tearing in nature. Homeopathic medicines are very effective for curing a hangover. Being natural, they help you revive yourself after you have had a night of heavy drinking. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
3035 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Doctors pls help me. Yesterday I had a party so I drank and smoked heavily and vomited and slept. Even in the morning I vomited. Now I feel like vomiting often and burping a lot. I could not able to breathe properly and my body feels like getting paralyzed. How to get rid of it.

Dr. Saranya Devanathan 91% (1377 ratings)
MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Vignesh, i am answering after 3 days. I hope you are fine now after acute intoxication effect of alcohol. This is the best time for you to quit both alcohol and smoking. You are young and have other interests to come up in life. Please continuously motivate yourself to quit both from alcohol and smoking for 12 weeks. i know it is difficult but not impossible. i can help you with nicotine replacement gum or patch and anticraving drugs for alcohol if necessary.
2 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Know How To Cure a Hangover!!

Dr. Rajashekhar 88% (335 ratings)
MD, MBBS
General Physician, Bangalore
Drinking water before you sleep will keep you from being too hungover when you wake up. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Can You Really Cure That Hangover?

Dr. Parvez A. Shaikh 88% (312 ratings)
BUMS ( Mumbai ),H.E.S(pune),
General Physician, Mumbai
Carbonated beverages make hangovers worse. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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Curing a Hangover

Dr. Rachna Kashyap 91% (113 ratings)
M.D Physician
General Physician, Delhi
Strong black coffee is the most effective hangover cure. True or False?
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