Hangover is the experience of several unpleasant psychological and physiological effects, which happens after consumption of ethanol, as found in beer, wine and distilled spirits. The malady can last for many hours or even beyond a day.
While the causes of this sickness are still poorly understood by the doctors, many factors have been held responsible for this malady. These are changes in the immune system, acetaldehyde accumulation and changes in glucose metabolism factors in the body. Also disturbed prostaglandin synthesis, dehydration, increased cardiac output, metabolic acidosis, vasodilation, and malnutrition along with sleep deprivation brings about this sickness. By-products such as congeners in alcoholic beverages or beverage-specific effects of additives also play an important role in creating hangover. The symptoms of this illness occur mostly after the effects of the alcohol begins to wane off. So hangover typically happen in the morning following a night of heavy alcohol consumption.
Although there are many possible remedies and also ‘folk-cures” that has been advised, there is no substantial evidence to prove that they are really effectual in treating or preventing alcohol hangover. The socioeconomic health risks and consequences of a hangover include impaired job performance, workplace absenteeism, reduced productivity and poor academic achievements. Hangover also put the sufferer into potential hazards while performing activities like, operating heavy machineries or while driving.
The individualized person related factors that effects hangover are: