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Termination Of Pregnancy: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

Last Updated: Feb 25, 2024

What is the treatment?

Termination of pregnancy is better known as Abortion.

How is the treatment done?

Termination of pregnancy in simple words means abortion. And abortion is the process through which the pregnancy tissues and all products of pregnancy is removed. The foetus growing inside is expelled out. This can only take place when the pregnant women carrying the child decides not to have the child. This is more common in the United States, where more than 1.2 million women an abortion. However, in India aborting is a crime and women committing is liable to hold a punishment.

Nevertheless, there often arise instances, when abortion is required. Such incidents include rape cases or the foetus inside has some terrible issue to survive. Here are some of the condition in which women should not undergo an abortion.

If a woman is carrying a foetus for more than 49 days, she is not advised to undergo an abortion. If the women is under steroid medication or any chronic adrenal disease, never go for termination of pregnancy. Patients with a seizure disorder should also not go for abortion. Further, women who have an acute problem with bleeding or maybe using blood-thinning medicines should never think of abortion.

It is to be always remembered that, abortion means killing a soul growing inside you.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The primarily step is to consult a well-known and trustworthy doctor. The doctor will have a keen look at your medical history and at the same time examine you thoroughly. Further, the doctor will surely conduct an ultrasound check in order to check the condition and the size of the foetus growing inside. The ultrasound check also confirms that the pregnancy does not turn to be ectopic.

However, a blood test is necessary. This is mostly to determine that the person holds Rh positive or negative blood. Rh is a protein of red blood cells and the women having them are considered as Rh positive. The women that do not produce this protein material in the blood are tagged as Rh negative.

The process of abortion can be done by both medication and surgical method. Often a combination of both is also opted by the doctor. Medical research speaks that if pregnancy is conducted at an early stage, say before 9 weeks, medicines produce the best result. The abortions for cases between 9 to 14 weeks include a combination of both surgery and medication. For cases that use medicine for abortion generally results in contacting the uterus.

However, for surgical cases, there remain several procedures. During menstrual aspiration, a tissue is removed in order to complete the overall abortion procedure. The suction method is done past 13 weeks from the first day of the last undergone menstrual period. The process takes less than 15 minutes where the cervix is widened and a hollow tube is inserted by the doctor into the uterus of the pregnant lady. Dilation and curettage is a method where the cervix and various sharp instruments are used to remove the tissue of pregnancy. One of the rarest methods is abdominal hysterotomy. It is the removal of the foetus from the uterus.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are pregnant and you are not ready for the child you can go for abortion. However, you should undergo a complete check-up choosing abortion. In case you are pregnant for more than 49 days, it is suggested not to opt for abortion.

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Are there any side effects?

Pregnancy above 49 days does not allow you to conduct an abortion. On the other hand, if the person is suffering bleeding issues or prescribed for blood thinning medicines, inhibits any chronic illness(adrenal) or uncontrolled bowel or seizure functioning, she is not eligible for undergoing the abortion process.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Several serious side effects evolve up post the execution of abortion. If abortion is done through medicines, side effects include vomiting tendency, nausea, excess vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain. However, these side effects can also be treated. Other common side effects of abortion are sore breasts, excess fatigue, abdominal cramps and often mood swings.

How long does it take to recover?

The person is likely to face an emotional turnover after the abortion. Besides emotional trauma, various physical side effects also climb up. The person is supposed to follow some fixed rules, more commonly known as the post-treatment guidelines.

Do not try to insert anything into your vagina. Refrain from using, toys, injecting fingers, tampons, penises or menstrual cups. Your vagina remains extremely sensitive during this time, keep it touch-free.

It is better not to get in touch with water. More likely, do not bath for a few days. Avoid going to swimming, Jacuzzis or hot tub relaxing episodes.

Keep updating the doctor time to time in order to avoid any emergency situation.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

It takes around 2 and half weeks to recover when done with your abortion. However, in unusual and rare cases, the time required may be more.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The cost of the treatment is determined based on the procedure or the method of abortion. For medicines, the cost remains low to a great extent than that of the surgical process. The cost is again dependent on respect to the doctor and his surgery fees.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The results are permanent. The only requirement is to find the most suitable method depending on the criteria of the patient’s condition.

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Written ByDr. Jayashri S MBBS,MS - Obstetrics and GynaecologyGynaecology
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