Low sperm count is a condition where the sperm count falls below the normal rate or below 15 million sperm/ml. This condition in medical term is called Oligospermia. This condition can further increase to a point when there is absolutely no sperm in the semen and that condition is called Azoospermia. The production of sperm is a very complicated process and it depends on a large number of factors such as your mental and physical health, your career and workload, your sexual and medical history. Apart from these reasons, your lifestyle also plays a very crucial role in determining the sperm count.
Since the reason for low sperm count cannot be determined easily due to a vast number of factors affecting it, the treatment for low sperm count is also not limited to a particular set of medication. It includes a long list of treatment guidelines that you need to follow in order to improve your sperm count. Regular exercising to boost your mental and physical health and a healthy balanced diet can all help you to overcome low sperm count. Apart from these basic treatments, there are also some medications that are used to improve sperm count in extreme cases.
If you are diagnosed with low sperm count, the first line of treatment is always improving on your mental and physical health as it turns out to be the reason for the condition in most cases. Hormonal discharge and Anti-sperm anti-body are also the reason for low sperm count in many cases. However, if the condition is due to some bacterial infection or some previous medication, you would be prescribed drugs to treat the condition. Some of the most common drugs that are used in treating low sperm count are Clomiphene, Letrozole, Human menopausal Gonadotropin, Testosterone pills, Bromocriptine, and Imipramine. Other drugs that are used in some very special cases includes Clomiphene citrate oral, Gonal-F and Gonal-f RFFsubcutaneous, serophene oral, Follitropin alfa subcutaneous and Gonal-F RFF Redi-ject subcutaneous. In some extreme cases, where medication is not futile surgeries is the last and only option. The most common of it being the Varicocele treatment where the varicose vein decreases the testicular functions. 40% of the infertile male suffers from this problem.
Only 20% of couple conceive in the very first month while 70% in the first six months. But if it has been more than a year then you surely need to visit a doctor to check your sperm count. The present average sperm count set by the WHO (world health organization) is 15 million sperm per milliliter. Individuals with sperm count less than the standard are eligible to treat low sperm count.
Conceiving a child in the very first month is only possible in 20 out of 100 cases and around 10% to 15% couple conceive a child in around 12 months. So it’s not that you are having a low sperm count even if you are not able to conceive in the very first year. This can also happen due to other reasons even if you sperm count is well over 15 million per milliliter.
The side effects of treating low sperm count varies greatly depending on the medication and its dosage. Some of the most common side effects related to fertility drugs are temporary blurred vision, breast enlargement and tenderness, weight gain and liver damage in some very extreme cases. The drug Bromocriptine generally causes nausea and dizziness. Danazol is a synthetic hormone that gives you side effects such as acne, hot flushes and hirsutism (hairiness). Clomiphene is the most common drugs used in treating low sperm count and is often associated with mood swings and headaches. In case of surgery, the side effects can include all of the above along with sexual problems in the long run.
The post treatment guidelines include a better and healthy lifestyle in order to not develop the condition once again. De stressing is the key when it comes to post treatment for low sperm count. You would be suggested to include Vitamin C, zinc, selenium, folic acids, CoQ10 and anti oxidants to boost your sperm growth. Proper sleep and regular exercise to keep your body healthy and fat free. Limited sexual activity so as the supply of the sperm is always greater than the demand, this is also one of the major causes of male infertility. Check your other medications if you have any as they directly affect your fertility.
The time for treatment totally depends on the persons problem, its causes and background and the medication used in treating the condition. For very minor cases of low sperm count that doesn’t even require medication, the sperm count can get back to normal in even a month. In extreme cases, where the deficit is very high it can take up to 6 months and even a year to bring it back to normal.
The cost of the treatment starts at as low as INR 100 but that medication is only for minor conditions. For serious conditions, the consultation fee can start at INR 500 along with medications ranging between INR1000 to INR 5000. In cases of extreme condition where surgery is the only option the cost can vary between INR 3 lakhs to INR 5 lakhs.
The results of the treatment is mostly permanent as long as the person is following the post treatment guidelines and maintaining a healthy lifestyle so as to avoid further developing the condition. Low sperm count treatment has got a high success rate as well. The only chances of it coming back are the exposure to conditions that enhances infertility.
The first line of treatment is an alternative that is to keep healthy and balanced life style. As your mental and physical health plays a very important role in keeping the check on your sperm count. Apart from this, you can also go for Ayurvedic and homeopathic treatment that is being sought by many people because of negligible side effects and cost effectiveness. Yoga and meditation has also shown great influence in increasing the sperm count.
INR 100 - INR 500000.
The process of sperm production is a complex one as it involves not only the perfect functioning of the testicles or testes but also the pituitary glands and the hypothalamus which is located in the brain that triggers the sperm production by producing necessary hormones. Any damage or malfunctioning of any of these organs can significantly reduce the amount of sperm produced by a male body. In India, it is a taboo to talk about male infertility, but in reality, male infertility is on the rise in India due to low sperm production.
Causes of Low Sperm Production
Several causes can be cited for low sperm production. A few prevalent ones are indicated below:
The primary symptom of low sperm count is the inability to have an offspring, but there are many other symptoms as well. It has been observed that a male with low sperm count has a little or diminishing sex drive. They might not hold an erection for long or have erectile dysfunction. There can be swelling or pain in the testicles, and you may even have a lump which is a severe case. Due to hormonal disorder, there can be a decrease in the body or facial hairs.
If you have been observing a few of the symptoms mentioned above, it is better to see a doctor on the quick note. Doctors can ask for a semen test to understand the underlying problem. There are surgical as well as medical procedures to increase the sperm count and have a better sexual life. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can ask a free question.
Avoid overheating your testicles. There's a reason testicles are outside of a man’s body: they need to stay a bit cooler than the rest of his internal organs. When testicles get too warm, they aren't able to produce as much sperm. There are a number of ways to make sure your testicles don't get overheated:
Don't wear tight pants and jeans.
Wear a jockstrap when you play sports. It goes without saying, because most men know this from experience, but a blow to the balls will hurt you and kill your sperm.
Massage your body with herbal oils. This, along with regular exercise, improves overall blood flow and circulation. Increased circulation means healthier sperm.
Reduce stress levels. Stress can decrease your sexual function, leading to reduced sperm production. If you work 12 plus hour days and never give yourself a chance to rest, your count might be down as a result. Try practicing relaxation techniques throughout the day to keep yourself feeling calm. Keep your mind and body healthy by regularly practicing yoga and meditation, or take up running or swimming.
Stop smoking. Smoking cigarettes causes sperm counts to be lower, makes them move more slowly, and causes the sperm themselves to be misshapen. According to one study, men who smoke have 22% fewer sperm than men who don't. Marijuana seems to have a similar effect on sperm. Cutting back on both of these substances is a good idea if you want to boost your count.
Drink alcohol moderately. Alcohol affects your liver function, which, in turn, causes a dramatic spike in estrogen levels. (Yes, men have estrogen.) Since testosterone is directly linked to sperm health and sperm production, this isn't a good state of affairs. Even 2 drinks a day will have long-term effects on sperm production.
Ejaculate less frequently. Frequent ejaculations can lower sperm count. Your body produces millions of sperm each day, but if you already have low sperm count, consider storing them up longer between ejaculations. If you have sex or masturbate daily, cut down on the frequency for increased sperm production.
Be careful around toxins. Exposure to chemicals can affect the size, movement and count of your sperm. It's more and more difficult to avoid exposure to toxins, but it's absolutely necessary for your overall health and the health of your sperm. Do the following to decrease your exposure:
Be wary of medications. Certain medications can lead to decreased sperm count and even permanent infertility. If sperm production is a big concern for you, make sure you ask your doctor whether any medication prescribed might affect your sperm count. Look at the labels on over-the-counter medicines, too.
Infertility is a bigger issue than it was a couple of decades ago, and it is only going to get worse. The decreasing sperm count and quality are the main contributors for infertility. This has happened due to the changing lifestyle with lack of physical activity, increased stress, relationship issues, a greater amount of pollutants, and digital exposure. These are some of the common issues, and each couple presents a unique case.
Smoking: Nicotine harms the body in multiple ways and lowering sperm count is one of the significant ones. For most men going to infertility clinics, stopping smoking is one of the first prescribed remedies. It helps sex drive, boosts sperm count, improves performance, and leaves the couple happy.
Reduce Chemical Exposure: There are plastics all around us. These plastics contain BPA and phthalates which have been shown to reduce sperm count. Plastics have entered all areas of life in the last 40 to 50 years, and it is during the same time that sperm count has reduced by (hold your breath) 50%!!!
Reduce Plastic Use: Reduce plastic use in all forms – from sex toys to plastic food storage to water containers. Chemicals also need to be reduced in terms of eating foods where pesticides would be used. Another source of chemicals is the shampoos, soaps, deodorants, cosmetics, and other toiletries. Try organic products as much as possible. These have an adverse effect on the sperm count.
Water: Avoid chlorine exposure – be it in tap water, bleach or other products. Hydrogen peroxide is a safer option.
Diet: Reduce caffeine intake. Avoid grilled foods. Increase fresh fruits and vegetable intake. Eat whole grains. Avoid canned and packaged foods. Avoid processed and half-cooked foods. Reduce refined carbohydrates. If required, talk to a doctor and get vitamin C and zinc supplements. These are essential for the formation of testosterone hormone and can play a role in improving sperm count.
Exercise: A regular exercise of about 30 minutes daily is highly beneficial in improving overall circulation and increasing sperm count. A word of caution, though – over-exercise can lead to reduced sperm counts and infertility in males.
Stress Management: Another major reason for infertility, reduced sex drive, reduced sperm count, and poor sexual performance is stress. Be it exercise or music, meditation or cooking, identify what works to keep you calm and do it.
Check your Medical Kit: There could be some medicines which may be helping you curing one disease but could be leading to infertility. Talk to your doctor and if there is a culprit, switch to a safer drug.
When we talk about infertility attention usually falls on treatment for women. However, infertility can affect men as well. The condition of infertility, can be described as the inability to become pregnant for a period of 1 year despite having unprotected, well-timed sexual intercourse. A low sperm count is one of the primary reasons for infertility in men.
Typically there should be fifteen million sperm per milliliter of semen. Low sperm count refers to the ejaculation of less than a normal amount of sperm in semen. This can also be termed as oligospermia. A complete absence of sperm in semen is known as azoospermia. Low sperm count does not mean that you cannot impregnate your partner but it reduces the chance of a successful conception. Thus, one of the most common ways to treat infertility caused by low sperm count is IVF.
When it comes to IVF, the success rates are very high. However, one of the most common side effects is the birth of twins or triplets. This is because multiple embryos are inserted into the uterus. The number of babies born then depends on the number of embryos that are implanted successfully.
पुरुष का शुक्राणु ही निषेचन करता है, और यदि पुरुष में शुक्राणु का ही उत्पादन न हो तो पुरुष नपुंसकता होना लाजिमी है. प्रति मिली लीटर वीर्य में शुक्राणुओं की सामान्य संख्या 20 मिलियन होनी चाहिए. पर यदि यह संखा 15 मिलियन से कम हो जाये तो इसे कम शुक्राणु कहा जाता है. वीर्य में शुक्राणुओं की संखा कम होने को ओलिगोस्पर्मिया कहते हैं. आगे हम शुक्राणुओं की संख्या बढ़ाने के उपाय के बारे में चर्चा करेंगे.
शुक्राणु बढ़ाने के उपाय
लहसुन: - शुक्राणुओं की संख्या बढ़ाने वाले आहार में लहसुन एक मुख्य आहार माना जाता है. लहसुन में एल्लिसिन नामक यौगिक पाया जाता है जो शुक्राणुओं की संख्या बढ़ाने के साथ-साथ रक्त के परिसंचरण में भी सुधार करता है. इसके अलावा लहसुन में सेलेनियम भी पाया जाता है जो शुक्राणुओं की गतिशीलता को बेहतर बनाता है. इसलिए शुक्राणुओं की संख्या बढ़ाने के लिए लहसुन का सेवन करना चाहिए.
दमियना: - दमियना एक प्रकार की जड़ी-बूटी है. यह शुक्राणुओं की घटती संख्या को रोककर इसे बढ़ाने के लिए उपयोगी है. इसके उपयोग के लिए चौथाई चम्मच दमियना की सुखी पत्ती को एक कप गर्म पानी में डालकर 5 से 10 मिनट तक उबालना चाहिए. इसके बाद इसे छानकर इसमें थोड़ा शहद मिलाकर नियमित रूप से दिन में तीन बार करके कुछ महीने तक पीना चाहिए. पर ध्यान रखना चाहिए कि इसके सेवन के लिए अपने डॉक्टर से परामर्श ले लेना जरूरी है.
व्यायाम: - स्वस्थ शुक्राणु के उत्पादन के लिए व्यायाम भी महत्वपूर्ण है. साइकिलिंग को छोड़कर बाहरी शारीरिक गतिविधियां व भार प्रशिक्षण इस समस्या में काफी फायदेमंद होता है. पर इसके लिए ज्यादा व्यायाम भी सही नहीं है. ज्यादा व्यायाम से शुक्राणुओं की संख्या में कमी आ सकती है.
ट्रिबुलस टेर्रेस्ट्रिस: - ट्रिबुलस टेर्रेस्ट्रिस एक आयुर्वेदिक दवाई है. यह शुक्राणुओं की संख्या बढ़ाने व शुक्राणुओं की गुणवत्ता में सुधार लाने के लिए उपयोगी है. यह हार्मोन का स्तर बढ़ाने में भी मदद करता है. इसके सेवन करने से पहले अपने डॉक्टर से सलाह ले लेना चाहिए.
सॉ पालमेत्तो: - सॉ पालमेत्तो एक जड़ी-बूटी है जो शुक्राणुओं की संख्या बढ़ाने में मदद करता है. कुछ महीनों तक दिन में दो बार 160 मिलीग्राम सॉ पालमेत्तो का जूस पीना चाहिए. पर इसके सेवन से पहले अपने चिकित्सक से परामर्श ले लेना चाहिए, उसके बाद ही इसका सेवन करना चाहिए.
ग्रीन टी: - ग्रीन टी में एंटीऑक्सीडेंट की अधिक मात्रा होती है जो शुक्राणु कोशिकाओं को नुकसान पहुंचाने वाले कणों को बेअसर कर देते हैं. इसके अलावा ग्रीन टी में एपिगैलोकैटेचिन गेलेट भी पाया जाता है जो शुक्राणुओं की गुणवत्ता में सुधार कर कर उसकी गतिशीलता बढ़ाती है.
अश्वगंधा: - अश्वगंधा शुक्राणुओं की संख्या बढ़ाने में व इसकी गतिशीलता बढ़ाने में मदद करता है. इसके अलावा अश्वगंधा स्वस्थ टेस्टोस्टेरोन का उत्पादन भी बढ़ाता है. एक गिलास दूध में आधा चम्मच अश्वगंधा पाउडर मिलाकर दिन में दो बार करके कुछ महीने तक पीना चाहिए. अश्वगंधा के जड़ का जूस भी पिया जा सकता है. पर अश्वगंधा का सेवन से पहले चिकित्सकीय परामर्श लेना जरूरी है.
माका जड़: - माका जड़ एक लोकप्रिय जड़ी बूटी है. यह शुक्राणुओं के उत्पादन व इसके गतिशीलता को बेहतर बनाने में मदद करता है. यह हार्मोन संतुलन में भी मदद करता है. इसे पानी में, प्रोटीन शेक में या अपने भोजन में मिलाकर सेवन किया जा सकता है. एक से तीन ग्राम माका जड़ का सेवन रोज दिन में दो बार करके कुछ माह तक करना चाहिए.
पैनेक्स जिंसेंग: - पैनेक्स जिंसेंग का आमतौर पर इस्तेमाल तनाव से दूर रहने के लिए चाइनीज दवाइयों में किया जाता है. पर टेस्टोस्टेरोन बढ़ाने के साथ ही शुक्राणुओं की संख्या बढ़ाने व इसकी गतिशीलता बढ़ाने में भी यह उपयोगी होता है. इस गुण के कारण शुक्राणु बढ़ाने के लिए भी पैनेक्स जिंसेंग का उपयोग होता है. इसे कोरियन जिंसेंग भी कहा जाता है.
यहाँ दी गयी जड़ी-बूटी या आयुर्वेदिक दवाई मात्र जानकारी के लिए दी गयी है. पाठकों को सलाह दी जाती है कि वे किसी भी दवाई के इस्तेमाल से पहले अपने चिकित्सक से उचित परामर्श ले लें.