Low sperm count is a condition where the sperm count falls below the normal rate or below 15 million sperm/ml. This condition in medical term is called Oligospermia. This condition can further increase to a point when there is absolutely no sperm in the semen and that condition is called Azoospermia. The production of sperm is a very complicated process and it depends on a large number of factors such as your mental and physical health, your career and workload, your sexual and medical history. Apart from these reasons, your lifestyle also plays a very crucial role in determining the sperm count.
Since the reason for low sperm count cannot be determined easily due to a vast number of factors affecting it, the treatment for low sperm count is also not limited to a particular set of medication. It includes a long list of treatment guidelines that you need to follow in order to improve your sperm count. Regular exercising to boost your mental and physical health and a healthy balanced diet can all help you to overcome low sperm count. Apart from these basic treatments, there are also some medications that are used to improve sperm count in extreme cases.
If you are diagnosed with low sperm count, the first line of treatment is always improving on your mental and physical health as it turns out to be the reason for the condition in most cases. Hormonal discharge and Anti-sperm anti-body are also the reason for low sperm count in many cases. However, if the condition is due to some bacterial infection or some previous medication, you would be prescribed drugs to treat the condition. Some of the most common drugs that are used in treating low sperm count are Clomiphene, Letrozole, Human menopausal Gonadotropin, Testosterone pills, Bromocriptine, and Imipramine. Other drugs that are used in some very special cases includes Clomiphene citrate oral, Gonal-F and Gonal-f RFFsubcutaneous, serophene oral, Follitropin alfa subcutaneous and Gonal-F RFF Redi-ject subcutaneous. In some extreme cases, where medication is not futile surgeries is the last and only option. The most common of it being the Varicocele treatment where the varicose vein decreases the testicular functions. 40% of the infertile male suffers from this problem.
Only 20% of couple conceive in the very first month while 70% in the first six months. But if it has been more than a year then you surely need to visit a doctor to check your sperm count. The present average sperm count set by the WHO (world health organization) is 15 million sperm per milliliter. Individuals with sperm count less than the standard are eligible to treat low sperm count.
Conceiving a child in the very first month is only possible in 20 out of 100 cases and around 10% to 15% couple conceive a child in around 12 months. So it’s not that you are having a low sperm count even if you are not able to conceive in the very first year. This can also happen due to other reasons even if you sperm count is well over 15 million per milliliter.
The side effects of treating low sperm count varies greatly depending on the medication and its dosage. Some of the most common side effects related to fertility drugs are temporary blurred vision, breast enlargement and tenderness, weight gain and liver damage in some very extreme cases. The drug Bromocriptine generally causes nausea and dizziness. Danazol is a synthetic hormone that gives you side effects such as acne, hot flushes and hirsutism (hairiness). Clomiphene is the most common drugs used in treating low sperm count and is often associated with mood swings and headaches. In case of surgery, the side effects can include all of the above along with sexual problems in the long run.
The post treatment guidelines include a better and healthy lifestyle in order to not develop the condition once again. De stressing is the key when it comes to post treatment for low sperm count. You would be suggested to include Vitamin C, zinc, selenium, folic acids, CoQ10 and anti oxidants to boost your sperm growth. Proper sleep and regular exercise to keep your body healthy and fat free. Limited sexual activity so as the supply of the sperm is always greater than the demand, this is also one of the major causes of male infertility. Check your other medications if you have any as they directly affect your fertility.
The time for treatment totally depends on the persons problem, its causes and background and the medication used in treating the condition. For very minor cases of low sperm count that doesn’t even require medication, the sperm count can get back to normal in even a month. In extreme cases, where the deficit is very high it can take up to 6 months and even a year to bring it back to normal.
The cost of the treatment starts at as low as INR 100 but that medication is only for minor conditions. For serious conditions, the consultation fee can start at INR 500 along with medications ranging between INR1000 to INR 5000. In cases of extreme condition where surgery is the only option the cost can vary between INR 3 lakhs to INR 5 lakhs.
The results of the treatment is mostly permanent as long as the person is following the post treatment guidelines and maintaining a healthy lifestyle so as to avoid further developing the condition. Low sperm count treatment has got a high success rate as well. The only chances of it coming back are the exposure to conditions that enhances infertility.
The first line of treatment is an alternative that is to keep healthy and balanced life style. As your mental and physical health plays a very important role in keeping the check on your sperm count. Apart from this, you can also go for Ayurvedic and homeopathic treatment that is being sought by many people because of negligible side effects and cost effectiveness. Yoga and meditation has also shown great influence in increasing the sperm count.