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Overview

Folic Acid

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor not required

Folic Acid and folate are types of vitamin B9 which are water soluble. While folate is found in its natural source in food, Folic Acid is the synthetic version of this vitamin primarily taken to fill in for folate deficiency. Foods that are already high in folate include green leafy vegetables, fruits, beets, beans, mushrooms, egg yolk, potato, milk, yeast, meat items such as kidney and beef liver. Under the orders of the Federal law Folic Acid has been added to a number of food items since 1998. Some of them are: pasta, bakery items, cookies, crackers, flour and cereals.

Aside from the treatment of folate deficiency, Folic Acid is also used to cure anemia, kidney dialysis, alcoholism, liver disease and the improper absorption of nutrients by the bowel. Although the benefits of using Folic Acid vastly outnumber the drawbacks, there maybe a few side effects such as loss of appetite, nausea, insomnia, depression, anxiety and gas. Unlike most other drugs or medications Folic Acid is actually great for pregnant women and those who are planning to become soon. Folic Acid is recommended for pregnant womem in order to avoid any chances of birth defects. Those who are yet to become pregnant but are considering it are advised to start taking it for one whole year before conceiving.

As a preventive measure get some tests done to ensure that you are in full capacity to take Folic Acid and also inform your doctor if you have a kidney disease, an infection, are alcoholic or have pernicious and or hemolytic anemia.

If you are thinking about conceiving then the dose for Folic Acid is 400 mcg, about 400 mcg during the first three months of pregnancy and around 500 mcg when you are breastfeeding your baby. Taking Folic Acid reduces the risk of cleft lip, premature birth, miscarriage and low birth weight. Do not overdose, in case of a missed one, take it as soon as you remember it. If it is already time for your next dose then skip the previous missed dose entirely for the day. In case of overdose, contact your doctor right away.

Megaloblastic Anemia
This medicine is used for the prevention and treatment of a specific form of anemia in which the blood cells fail to mature properly (megaloblastic anemia).
Folic acid deficiency
This medicine is used to supplement the body with folic acid in deficient conditions. Deficiency is characterized by mouth ulcer, pallor, persistent weakness, and lethargy.
Supplementation during pregnancy
This medicine is used to supplement the body of a pregnant women with folic acid. Lack of folic acid during a pregnancy may result in birth defects of the child.
This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known history of allergy to folic acid or any other components present with it.
In addition to its intended effect, Folic Acid may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Fever Moderate Rare
Weakness and general discomfort Minor Rare
Itching or rash Minor Rare
Difficulty in breathing Moderate Rare
Stomach discomfort and pain Minor Less Common
How long is the duration of effect?
The time duration for which this medicine remains effective in the body is clinically not established.
What is the onset of action?
The effect of this medicine is cumulative and changes can be observed after 2-3 weeks of administration. However, the peak concentration in the body is attained after 1 hour of oral administration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is acceptable for use in pregnant women. Consult your doctor before using this medicine.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine is acceptable for use in breastfeeding women. Consult your doctor before using this medicine.
Missed Dose instructions
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next scheduled dose then the missed dose can be skipped.
Overdose instructions
Contact your doctor if an overdose with this medicine is suspected. Symptoms of an overdose may include numbness and tingling sensation, pain in the mouth or tongue, weakness, and difficulty in concentration etc.
India
United States
Japan
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Folic Acid as ingredient
Systopic Laboratories Ltd-Mem
Kaiser Pharmaceuticals
Pfizer Ltd
Nouveau Medicament Pvt Ltd
Wockhardt Ltd
Linux Laboratories
Mercury Health Care Pvt Ltd
Speciality Meditech Pvt Ltd
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Jenburkt Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Alembic Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Mankind Pharma Ltd
Alkem Laboratories Ltd
Gennext Life Sciences
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Real Care Life Sciences
Wings Biotech Ltd
Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Lincoln Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Yash Pharma Laboratories
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Undiagnosed anemia Major
Use of this medicine to treat an existing anemia should begin only after the cause is established. It should never be used for the treatment of an undiagnosed form of anemia. It may lead to faulty diagnosis and an increase of certain complications associated with the disease.
Interaction with Alcohol
Ethanol Minor
Avoid or limit the uptake of alcohol while taking this medicine. Contact your doctor if there is no marked improvement in symptoms after use.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Capecitabine Major
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. Since the risk of adverse effects is significantly high, you may require a dose adjustment and more frequent clinical monitoring while using these medicines together. Do not stop the use of any medicine without consulting your doctor.
Phenytoin Moderate
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. You may require a dose adjustment and frequent monitoring to safely use these medicines together. Do not stop the use of any medicine without consulting your doctor.
Phenobarbital Moderate
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. You may require a dose adjustment and frequent monitoring to safely use these medicines together. Do not stop the use of any medicine without consulting your doctor.
Fluorouracil Major
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. Since the risk of adverse effects is significantly high, you may require a dose adjustment and more frequent clinical monitoring while using these medicines together. Do not stop the use of any medicine without consulting your doctor.
What are you using Folic Acid for?
Folic acid deficiency
Other
Supplementation during pregnancy
Megaloblastic Anemia
How much was the improvement?
Excellent
Poor
Average
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
More than 2 days
Within 2 hours
Within 6 hours
Within 2 days
Within a day
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Once a day
Twice a day
Four times A Day
Not taking on daily level
How did you take this medicine?
With Food
Empty stomach
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Other
Itching or rash
Fever
Stomach discomfort and pain
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

In which food or fruits do I get folic acid? What is the work of folic acid in body.

BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
In which food or fruits do I get folic acid? What is the work of folic acid in body.
Foods for folic acid:- green leafy vegetables dried beans and peas (legumes) citrus fruits and juices fortified means that vitamins have been added to the food. Many foods are now fortified with folic acid. Some of these are enriched breads, cereals, flours, cornmeals, pastas, rice, and other grain products.
3 people found this helpful

Can men's use folic acid tablets? It's good or bad. How can use it. What is the benefits of folic acid tablets.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Can men's use folic acid tablets? It's good or bad. How can use it. What is the benefits of folic acid tablets.
Hello, Folic acid is usually , prescribed to ladies,specially in pregnancy for the growth of foetus & pregnant lady. Or otherwise is effective in kidney disorder,high blood pressure to improve visionary problem in old age, hypo pigmentation. You hv to assess your case accordingly, Tk care.
1 person found this helpful

For pregnant lady Folic acid tablet can be use upto which month. Suggest a best Folic acid tablet.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
For pregnant lady Folic acid tablet can be use upto which month. Suggest a best Folic acid tablet.
Hi Raj.. it should used throughout the pregnancy.... You may use Amway Iron folic tablet... which has iron in it also which is also necessary and the benefit is it does not have any side effects like constipations... And better consult a gynecologist if you haven't.. as these all things should have been advised by a gynecologist but if you don't know then you might have avoided it till now which is not good..
1 person found this helpful

I am a physiotherapist. I have thyroid. Is folic acid is safe before trying to get pregnant.

MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
It is very important to take folic acid before planning pregnancy. Folic acid decreases incidence of abortion and malformations.
2 people found this helpful

Folic acid tablet can late my periods, there is any realation with these two periods and folic acid tabs, am I pregnant or these is the side effect of folic acid tabs?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Children and adults both require folate to produce healthy red blood cells and prevent anemia. I think that u r anaemic, thats why your doctor prescribed u folic acid.
3 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Folic acid

DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Folic acid
Use folic acid tab 5 mg if planning to concieve.
45 people found this helpful

No folly in folic acid

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Kota
No folly in folic acid

Folic acid should be taken regularly by all pregnant mums and people with a low immunity to disease. Folic acid prevents spina bifida in unborn babies and can play a role in cancer prevention. It is found in green leafy vegetables, liver, fruit and bran.

1 person found this helpful

Folic Acid For Pregnancy

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, Diploma In Reproductive Medicine
Gynaecologist, Nagpur
Folic Acid For Pregnancy

Folic acid should be taken 3 months preconceptionally and should be continues 3 months post conception.

4 people found this helpful

Folic Acid - Know Its Importance!

MBBS, DA - Anaesthesiology
Sexologist, Delhi
Folic Acid - Know Its Importance!

Folic acid is an important form of vitamin B, which women must take during pregnancy. It is a form of man-made vitamin B known as folate. Folate plays a significant role in producing red blood cells and helps in the development of your baby’s neural tube into the brain and spinal cord, preventing any kind of birth defects in your baby. Birth defects of the brain or spinal cord may occur in early stages of pregnancy. 
Therefore, by the time a woman discovers her pregnancy, it may become too late to prevent the defects.

How much folic acid should be taken?
A woman should start taking folic acid within the first three to four weeks of pregnancy, as birth defects may occur during this time. Women who start taking folic acid a year before getting pregnant produce healthy babies without birth defects.

400 mcg of folic acid is the recommended dose for all women who are of childbearing age and also in the first trimester of pregnancy. Multivitamins with the recommended amount of folate and folic acid supplements are generally prescribed as they help the mother deliver a healthy child. From the fourth to ninth month of pregnancy, the dose must be increased to 600 mcg.

Benefits of folic acid

Without sufficient folic acid in your body, the neural tube of your developing baby may not close properly. This may lead to neural tube defects, which include:
1. Spina bifida, a condition where the spinal cord or vertebrae develop incompletely. A baby with spina bifida may be disabled permanently.
2. Anencephaly, a condition that features incomplete development of the brain. Babies affected with anencephaly do not live long.

Having a sufficient supply of folic acid prevents these neural defects from developing in your baby.
Taking folic acid before and during pregnancy protects your baby against many other conditions. They include:
1. Cleft lip and palate
2. Low weight during birth
3. Chances of miscarriage
4. Premature birth

Folic acid also reduces the risk of developing pregnancy complications in the mother such as heart diseases, stroke, several cancers and Alzheimer’s disease. Folic acid is naturally found in dark-green vegetables, which you must consume in abundance. Other sources of folic acid include fortified breakfast cereals, beef liver, lentils, egg noodles and great northern beans. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3182 people found this helpful

Folic Acid & Health

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Folic acid (vitamin B9) is a water–soluble B vitamin.
It is lost in traditional Indian cooking.
Folic acid is essential for DNA repair, cell division and normal cellular growth.
Profound deficiency of folic acid during pregnancy is associated with neural tube defects, such as spina bifida in neonates.
Deficiency in adults has been associated with megaloblastic anemia and peripheral neuropathy.
In both men and women, low serum folate levels can increase homocysteine levels, which are correlated with elevated cardiovascular risk.
Low folic acid levels during pregnancy in women with epilepsy have been associated with fetal malformation, and older enzyme–inducing anti-epileptic drugs are known to reduce serum folate levels.
The risk of having a pregnancy complicated by a major congenital malformation (e.g., neural tube defect) is doubled in epileptic women taking anti epileptic drugs compared with those women with a history of epilepsy not taking these agents.
Risk is tripled with anti–epileptic drugs polypharmacy, especially when valproic acid is included.
Consensus statements recommend 0.4–0.8 mg of folic acid per day in all women planning a pregnancy. Ideally, this should be started at least 1 month prior to pregnancy if possible.
The guidelines recommend higher daily folic acid doses (4 mg/day) in women with a history of neural tube defects.
In addition, enzyme–inducing anticonvulsants, such as phenytoin, carbamazepine, primidone and phenobarbital, are known to decrease folate levels, and valproic acid may interfere with folate metabolism.
Other AEDs, such as oxcarbazepine, lamotrigine and zonisamide, do not appear to alter folate levels.
Because many pregnancies are unplanned, it is recommended that folic acid supplementation be given routinely to all women of childbearing potential at 0.4 mg/day.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

About Folic Acid
When is Folic Acid prescribed?
What are the contraindications of Folic Acid?
What are the side effects of Folic Acid?
Key highlights of Folic Acid
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Folic Acid approved?
Medicines containing Folic Acid
What are the interactions for Folic Acid?