Jock itch is essentially a fungal infection on the skin and occurs in the genital areas, upper thighs, and groin. It can be caused by wearing clothes that are highly tight fitting and lock in a ton of moisture. Contrary to what the name of the infection may suggest, this is something that can occur in non-athletes as well. It presents itself in the form of a ringed shaped red rash that is extremely itchy. Fortunately, there are known and effective treatments for this infection.
The treatment for Jock Itch is fairly simple. Since this is an infection that is caused by fungus, an antifungal cream, spray or powder can be used in order to clear up the infection. This is the only treatment option for this infection. In terms of safety, it is considered a low-risk infection and does not spread too quickly as long as it is left alone and you don’t continually scratch it. You can continue to live your life normally while you have this infection, and it is not a contagious disease so even if your partner has it, you don’t have to worry about getting it. Though it is better to avoid sexual activity until it clears up.
When you first develop Jock Itch, you are most likely to end up going to your general practitioner. Though you can be referred to a dermatologist, it is not necessary to see a skin expert as the condition can be diagnosed easily and managed by your regular doctor as well. In case there are any difficulties with diagnosing the infection, the doctor may take a few scrapings of the skin from the infected area to have it tested under the microscope. Once it is diagnosed, the treatment can commence.
To treat Jock Itch, you will be prescribed either a cream, spray, or power that has anti-fungal properties. Most of these are available over the counter and do not require a prescription. However, your doctor will tell you the exact dosage that you need depending on how severe the infection is. Once the medication has been prescribed, you need to use it as directed. Creams are usually meant to be used at least twice a day. Sprays can be used after you have had a bath and cleaned the area. The same goes for powder. All three types of medication are equally effective.
It is important to note that the infection may clear up before the treatment time is over. However, even if that is the case, you should continue to follow the directions given by your doctor and stick to your proper treatment time to avoid recurrence.
Anyone who has Jock Itch is eligible for the treatment. This is essentially a fungal infection and even if you have it in other areas of the body, using an antifungal cream that has been prescribed by your doctor can help clear it up. You can seek medical attention the minute the infection comes up. There is no need to wait for a specific amount of time.
If your infection is not caused by a fungus, then you are not eligible for the any of the treatment types mentioned above. Antifungal creams do not work effectively on bacterial or viral infections and therefore it does not make sense to pursue this line of treatment.
There are no known side effects to applying antifungal creams, sprays, or powders to clear your Jock Itch. However, if you are allergic to any of the ingredients that are used in this medicines, then you may develop an allergic reaction, such as dermatitis. Thus, make sure that you let your doctor know about any allergies that you may have so that they can prescribe medicines that do not lead to adverse side effects or reactions.
There are basic post treatment guidelines that you should follow for the rest of your life. To start with, avoid wearing clothes that are so tight that they end up locking in the moisture in your groin area. However, if you really must wear such attire or equipment (such as a jock strap), then make sure that you apply some kind of talcum powder to the area so that the moisture can be absorbed. Once you remove the attire or equipment, wash the area thoroughly with soap and then wear loose clothing that allows your skin to breathe. This will help balance out the needs of your skin along with your lifestyle.
Jock Itch is a mild infection and you can recover from it within a few days. You will be able to see a gradual change in the intensity of the infection as you continue to follow your treatment course.
Antifungal creams can cost anywhere between Rs 100 and Rs 300 in India. The actual price depends on the brand and the dosage or strength of the cream.
The results of the treatment are permanent. Once the infection is cleared, it stays gone.
Certain home remedies can help with the symptoms of the treatment however, the only way to treat it is to seek medical attention or help. There are herbal creams that are antifungal in nature. You can ask your doctor about them before you use them. Also, you can use a cold compress to help with the swelling, redness, and itching, but these symptoms will not fully go away until the infection itself is treated. It is a mild infection and only requires a cream to fix it.
Athlete’s foot is a commonly occurring infection of the skin which is caused by fungus. The medical name of this condition is known as tinea pedis. It is a fungal infection which primarily affects the skin on the feet. It is a contagious condition. It might also spread to the toenails and the hands. The disease is named as athlete’s foot because it mostly affects athletes. This is not a serious condition but sometimes it can be hard to cure.
Any condition that causes inflammation of the skin and affects the skin between the toes and the sole of the foot is generally referred to as athlete’s foot. The condition presents itself as scaly, red and raw looking eruptions and sometimes it might also be oozing with small blisters. It can affect both athletes and non-athletes alike. It is caused fungal infections but there might be other causes also which can be distinguished through proper testing.
There are different kinds of fungi that might be responsible for causing athlete’s foot. Exposure to these fungi can happen at many places which include swimming pools, gyms, communal showers, locker rooms, nail salons and from contaminated clothing from an affected person. It is a contagious disease and can spread from contact from affected individual to non-affected individual. Majority of the people contract this disease by walking barefoot at the place where someone suffering from athlete’s foot has also walked barefoot. Some people can be more at risk than others for the disease while others might be resistant to the condition. This condition is also known by the name ‘Jungle Rot’. This is usually used by the members of the armed services serving in tropical climates.
Infections caused by different fungi are spread by moisture and warmth. It is believed that the condition of athlete’s foot was less prevalent before the advent of enclosed shoes. It was thought to be a rare condition and became more prevalent in the 1900s as more and more health clubs and shoes became popular. If an individual contracts this disease once, it does not guarantee resistance from subsequently occurring infections.
Globally, this condition occurs in about 15% of the population. Males are more likely to develop this disease than females. Older children and younger adults are more often affected. This condition is treatable by the use of over the counter antifungal medicines. Prescription medicines are also available.
What does athlete’s foot look like?
Athlete’s foot caused by fungal infections leads to rashes on one or both the feet and can also affect the hands. Marks or rashes on two feet and one hand is a common characteristic of the presentation of athlete’s foot especially in men. Fungal athlete’s foot can also cause ringworm of the groin which is mostly seen in men or can cause ringworm on the hands. The fungal infections on the hands are known as tinea manuum. All areas affected by fungal infection should be treated simultaneously to decrease the risk of re-infection.
Risk factors of Athlete’s foot-
Some risk factors for developing athlete’s foot include walking barefoot in areas like communal showers, indoor swimming pools, locker rooms etc. which can lead to increased exposure to pathogenic fungi which are the cause of athlete’s foot. Individuals with the problem of excessive sweating or other sources of excessive moisture is also a common risk factor. Wearing occlusive footwear like trainers and socks can also prove to be a factor. People suffering from diabetes are also more prone to the disease. Pedicures when done in unhygienic environments can cause significant risk. Wearing the same socks and shoes for long periods can also lead to the development of athlete’s foot. Men are more at risk than women for this condition.
Athlete’s foot Symptoms-
Causes of Athlete’s foot-
Athlete’s foot is a form of dermatophytosis which refers to fungal infection of the skin which is generally caused by dermatophytes, fungus living in the layers of the skin and digesting keratin. These fungi which are parasitic in nature thrive in human hosts. The fungus that is related to the development of ring worm and jock itch is associated with causing athlete’s foot. Moisture providing places like damp socks and shoes provide a favorable condition for the fungi to grow. Exposure to the fungus is mostly through direct contact with a person infected by the disease or through coming in contact with places contaminated by the fungus. Showers, indoor swimming pool decks, locker rooms would be the most likely places to contract this disease.
Diagnosis of Athlete’s foot-
The most reliable and the best way to diagnose athlete’s foot is to recognize it’s causes and symptoms. Fungal athlete’s foot is very easy and straight forward to diagnose and treat. Getting the fungus removed from the foot is a very easy and cost-efficient process. The patient should immediately see a doctor if their rashes look infected and they have diabetes, the rash has changed into ulcers or sores that leak liquid or if the infection has spread to their groin or hands. If the rash just won’t go away or the symptoms get worse the doctors might suggest a biopsy. A skin lesion potassium hydroxide (KOH) exam is a very common test conducted by the doctors for athlete’s foot. A skin lesion is an unusual change on the skin’s surface. The doctors might order a KOH exam if they suspect fungus to be the reason for the skin lesion. The doctors will use a slide of glass or some other instrument to scrape off a bit of the skin from the patient’s lesion. The scraped skin is then mixed in with potassium hydroxide. Potassium hydroxide will destroy the healthy skin leaving behind only the fungus for the doctors to examine. The test is very simple and straightforward and has no risks to it.
Athlete’s foot Treatment-
It is advised to get athlete’s foot treated as soon as a person notices any symptoms. Athlete’s foot can be treated by medications, home remedies or therapies. The treatment for the foot infection are as follows:
Over the counter medications
Many medications for the foot infection are available to treat fungal and non-fungal athlete’s foot. Medications such as miconazole (Desenex), clotrimazole (Lotrimin AF), terbinafine (Lamisil AT), tolnaftate (Tinactin), butenafine (Lotrimin Ultra) are available without any prescription of the doctor. Although, it is really hard to determine which one of these medications is the most effective. These medications are also available for purchase online over the internet.
Advanced or severe cases of athlete’s foot may require some oral anti-fungal pills such as prescription strength terbinafine. These medications are prescribed by consultation of doctors to restrict the spread of the infection. The drugs such as topical prescription strength miconazole and clotrimazole, oral anti-fungal medications such as fluconazole (Diflucan) and itraconazole (Sporanox) are also prescribed by the doctors. Lab tests to check for liver diseases will be done before the doctors prescribe these oral anti-fungal medications. Topical steroids are suggested for inflammatory infection to reduce the pain caused by the infection. Oral anti-biotics are suggested if raw skin and blisters are the reason for the bacterial infection. Topical steroids are not to be used in cases of fungal athlete’s foot as they help the fungus in spreading further by suppressing the immune system of the body. Topical steroid creams are more useful in treating non-fungal or non-infectious athlete’s foot. During pregnancy it is suggested that the patient should avoid anti-fungal pills because of possible harm to the fetus or other side effects that may take place.
Use of tea tree oil has been proven really helpful in treating athlete’s foot in recent years. But, it is suggested that the individual first confirms with their doctor that the use of tea tree oil won’t affect their skin as tea tree oil causes dermatitis in some cases. There are also other home remedies for treatment of athlete’s foot such as soaking your foot in dilute vinegar or use of dilute vinegar spray (four parts water and one-part household white vinegar), soaking the foot in diluted Clorox or taking a dilute Clorox bath (approximately one-fourth cup of Clorox household bleach in a tub of water). Other unconfirmed remedies also include use of Epsom salts and Vicks vapor rub.
Complications Related to Athlete’s foot-
Athlete’s foot can cause complications in some cases. Minor complications include allergic infection due to fungus, blistering on the feet and hands. The fungal infection can also return even after being treated. More severe complications make take place in case of secondary bacterial infection. These complications include foot getting swollen, hot and painful, fever, drainage and pus. The infection might even spread further to other parts of the body if not treated in the early stages. Fungal nail infection (Onychomycosis) is also highly possible to take place because of the athlete’s foot. Groin infection (tinea cruris) and Body skin fungus (tinea corporis) may as well take place. Individuals with diseases that affect the immune system such as HIV/AIDS, cancer and diabetes will be prone to many kinds of infections. Athlete’s foot fungal infections with diabetes may cause severe ulcers on the body of the patient. Bacterial infection may cause cellulitis or inflammation of the skin of the patient. Use of topical steroid creams weakens the patient’s immune system which can result in other infection to take place.
Prevention of Athlete’s foot-
There are many things an individual can do to avoid athlete’s foot such as maintaining proper hygiene and washing your feet with water and soap and drying them off properly every day. The area between the toes should be cleaned and dried off thoroughly.
What is Jock itch?
Jock itch is a fungal infection that affects the skin of your genitals, inner thighs and buttocks.
Symptoms of Jock itch-
Causes of Jock itch-
Jock itch is caused by fungi called dermatophytes. It can spread from person to person by shared use of contaminated towels or clothing or through direct contact during sexual intercourse with someone who has the infection.
Risk factors of Jock itch-
Diagnosis of Jock itch-
Your doctor can tell if you have jock itch after asking questions about your symptoms and past health and by looking at your rash. Your doctor takes skin scrapings or samples from the infected area and views them under a microscope.
Precautions & Prevention of Jock itch-
Treatment of Jock itch
Homeopathic Treatment of Jock itch-
Homeopathic treatment of jock itch helps in the intolerable itching and profuse perspiration. It quickly cures fungal infection. Some of the homeopathic remedies that can be used for treatment of jock itch are:
Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Jock itch-
Acupuncture relieves by improving the physiological function of the organs and organ system. In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.
Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Jock itch-
Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Jock itch-
In the allopathic treatment, antifungal medications are prescribed. Topical medications such as econazole and oxiconazole are applied twice a day for at least 10 days. Oral medications are itraconazole fluconazole or terbinafine.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Jock itch-
Skin Irritation on the Penis: Causes, Treatments and Risk Factors
Full scale or just a patch, skin irritation on the penis can be a cause for concern and often results in a loss of focus and an extra helping of discomfort. It's also not something a man tends to want to show off while "entertaining." Here's the good news - most causes of an irritated penis can be easily remedied and are nothing to worry about. Here are five common reasons for skin irritation on the penis and how to fix the lil' fella right up.
1) Genital Area Infections - Nobody in the world likes to cuddle more than fungus. Give it a nice, warm, moist place to curl up, like the folds of the genital skin, and it will nestle right in. To keep jock itch and his other fungi friends out of the area, keep the genital area clean and dry. Post-invasion see a doctor for an anti-fungal cream to clear up the infection. To prevent future fungal shack-ups, shower regularly, clean thoroughly and keep the area dry and airy.
2) Too Much of a Good Thing - Too much sex or self-gratification may seem harmless, but it can result in red, cracking, irritated, penile skin. Unless a man likes that pins-and-needles feeling on his irritated penis, stop all activity immediately until the skin is back to normal. To get it back to soft and supple, use cool compresses to soothe the irritation and a penis health crème to repair and renew the skin. When all is good, be sure to practice moderation in all things and to use a good, water-based lubricant for especially energetic sensual shenanigans.
3) Latex Condoms - Something like 15% of all Americans is allergic to latex so a skin irritation on the penis due to latex is not at all uncommon. Now, the fix isn't to stop using condoms (no dice, buddy), but it is to look for alternative condoms like polyurethane or polyisoprene which protect against STIs and pregnancy without the latex. To help the irritation, follow the same rules as in #2.
4) Balanitis - Balanitis is a skin inflammation which impacts the penis head and foreskin and is experienced more often by uncircumcised men. It's caused by a build-up of smegma. Smegma is a stinky concoction of dead skin cells, body oils, and bacteria that marinate into an especially odorific off-white paste which harkens to bacteria to infect the delicate penile skin. The best way to treat and prevent balanitis is regular and thorough cleaning of the penis daily with a gentle cleanser. If the issue is out of control (such as the foreskin will not retract), a physician will prescribe antibiotics to clear up the infection.
5) Sexual Transmitted Infections (STIs) - Cut and dry, an irritated penis can be a symptom of an STI. Several STIs manifest as a skin irritation on the penis and can be accompanied by a rash, blisters and peeling skin. STIs associated with an irritated penis include genital herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, genital warts, and syphilis. Men who believe they may have contracted an STI should see their doctor or clinic immediately for testing and avoid any sexual contact until the results of the test are known. Once diagnosed, a doctor will prescribe the course of treatment.
Avert an Irritated Penis with These Tips
Most skin irritations on the penis can be prevented with good genital hygiene habits and practicing safe sex. Grooming should include cleansing the penis regularly and thoroughly with a mild cleanser and soft cloth. Keep the groin area dry and air it out frequently - many men prefer to sleep in the buff to give the area plenty of oxygen.
Habitually moisturizing the penis is also a critical step in penis health. Use a specially created penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which has been clinically proven safe and mild for skin) for a clean, renewed, and supple penis. These cremes are nutrient-rich and contain vitamins like A, C, D, and E which have properties especially advantageous for penile health and healing, which is ideal for keeping an irritated penis at bay. The crème's base should be a natural moisturizer, like Shea butter, which leaves the penile skin completely hydrated and smooth.
When a Penis Rash Is Something to Worry About
At some point in his life, every man deals with a penis rash. It might be a recurring event for some, especially during the summer when jock itch becomes more difficult to avoid. It might happen right after introducing something new into the daily routine, like something as simple as trying out a new laundry detergent. In other words, a penis rash is so common that men can actually become accustomed to seeing it.
Unfortunately, that means that sometimes a man can become so familiar with penis rash that they don't even think about consulting a physician or looking deeper into the issue. Though most penile problems are quite easily remedied, especially with excellent penis care on a regular basis, some rare issues might be cause for concern. Here's how to know when a penis rash is something to worry about.
Jock itch can be defined as a fungal infection affecting the skin, especially around the inner thighs, genitals, buttocks or the groin region. Also called ‘tinea cruris’, this condition triggers irritation that results from the ring-shaped red rashes that primarily affect the warm and moist regions of one’s body. This condition majorly affects people who sweat excessively, such as athletes or even people who are over-weight. Although it is often bothersome and uncomfortable, jock itch doesn’t bring about severe complications for the affected individual. Jock itch can easily be cured by keeping the groin region dry and applying topical anti-fungal medications.
The main symptoms of Jym itch include itchy and painful rashes in the buttock, inner thigh or the groin region. The rash is usually tan, red or brown in color, slightly scaly and often formed at the edges.
Putting on damp, wet or unlaundered clothing, such as athletic supporter and very tight underwear or wearing them frequently.
Sharing towels that were used by a person suffering from the same condition.
Taking showers irregularly, especially after excessive sweating or exercising.
Living in hot and humid conditions.
Wearing tight clothing.
Immune system disorders.
Anti-fungal creams or lotions can help treat ringworm of the groin. Few examples are Miconazole, Econazole, Clotrimazole and Ketoconazole. These medications should be applied twice a day for about two to four weeks.
In case the eruptions start to ooze fluids or pus, antibiotics may be administered by the doctor.
Measures to prevent recurrence of tinea cruris include weight reduction (if obese), wearing less occlusive clothing, drying thoroughly after bathing, using topical antifungal powders, laundering contaminated clothing, and treating concomitant fungal infection of nail of feet, if present.