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Jock Itch: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Cost

Last Updated: Jul 06, 2023

What is jock itch?

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Jock itch, which is also referred to as 'tinea cruris' by medical professionals, can be best defined as a common fungal infection that can cause one or more itchy, red rashes on your skin. The rash (or rashes) can show up on any part of your body! That said, it most commonly appears on the groin area and inner thighs.

Jock itch is, in most cases, caused by sweat and moisture. It is commonly found in athletes as well as people who are overweight and tend to sweat a lot. The fungus that causes jock itch grows most comfortably in warm, moist environments, making these individuals more susceptible to developing the condition.

Although those itchy, red rashes can be quite uncomfortable for some people, jock itch is usually not a cause for concern. In order to treat and cure jock itch, it is important to keep the groin area clean and dry at all times. This means that you should shower regularly and avoid wearing any kind of tight-fitting clothing that doesn't allow your skin to breathe.

In addition to keeping the area clean, you might also need to apply topical antifungal medications to the affected skin in order to kill the fungus and prevent the infection from spreading. Moreover, if you are experiencing severe symptoms or the condition doesn't improve even after a couple of weeks, it's best to see a doctor or get medical help as soon as possible.

Summary: Jock itch is a common fungal infection that can affect the groin area and inner thighs of both men and women. It basically develops just below the waistline, usually around the groin and inner thighs. This is not a serious infection and is easily treated with local antifungal medications in most cases.

What causes jock itch?

Jock itch is most commonly caused by a fungus that grows in moist, warm areas. In most cases, the predominant or main cause of this kind of infection is excessive sweating. Moreover, the infection can be passed from person to person or by sharing contaminated (or used) towels or clothing.

The real culprit behind jock itch is often the exact same fungus, which is even responsible for causing another similar condition called 'athlete's foot.' Jock itch infections typically start at the feet and then spread to the groin area through contact with contaminated hands or towels (or some other object).

Summary: Jock itch, or tinea cruris (ringworm of the groin) in Latin, is a fungal infection that thrives in areas of the body that are moist and sweaty. It gets its name from the fact that it's often seen in athletes, as they tend to sweat more than the average person. It should also be noted that jock itch is highly contagious or communicable and can be easily passed on to a person who shares any clothing or towels with someone who already has the infection.

What are the symptoms of jock itch?

Jock itch often begins with a small, reddened area of skin in the groin. It is characterized by a line of small blisters that may spread to the upper thigh in a half-moon shape.

The rash may be itchy, and the skin may be flaky or scaly. Jock itch is a common problem that often affects athletes or people who are overweight or who tend to sweat a lot.

Summary: Jock itch is a common condition that can give rise to a number of symptoms such as redness, burning, itching, and peeling or cracking of the skin in the affected area. Jock itch symptoms often get worse with exercise or activity and can cause the color of your skin to change. Furthermore, if you think you might have jock itch, it's important to see a doctor or healthcare professional so they can treat or deal with the condition before it gets worse.

What are the risk factors for jock itch?

You might be more susceptible to developing jock itch if any of the following factors apply to you:

  • Being male
  • Being obese
  • Having diabetes
  • Sweating excessively
  • Having a skin condition
  • Using public showers or locker rooms
  • Wearing tight-fitting, synthetic clothing
  • Participating in activities that cause excessive friction

Summary: There are several risk factors for developing jock itch, including being a teenager, being male, or being overweight or obese (and all that's mentioned above). If you fall into any of these categories, you may want to take extra precautions to prevent jock itch, such as wearing loose-fitting clothing and keeping the prone areas clean and dry.

How can you prevent jock itch?

Jock itch is a common problem, but you can take some preventative steps to reduce your risk of getting it. To avoid getting affected by jock itch, try doing the following:

  • Stay dry: Keep your groin area dry, especially after your workout sessions or if you tend to sweat a lot
  • Wear clean clothes: It's important to change your underwear at least once a day and more frequently if you perspire more than the average person
  • Find the correct fit: Wear loose-fitting clothes and avoid tight-fitting underwear or clothing
  • Don't share personal items: It's important to avoid sharing personal items like towels, clothing, or other objects with others in order to prevent the spread of any germs or bacteria
  • Treat or prevent athlete's foot (if you have it): If you have athlete's foot, treat it immediately and take the necessary steps to stop it from coming back or leading to jock itch

Summary: Make sure that you wash the affected or infection-prone area on a regular basis with soap and dry it thoroughly after you take a shower. Furthermore, if you want to keep things dry and comfortable down there, baby powder is a must-have item in your hygiene arsenal. Also, avoid keeping any kind of tight-fitting clothing in your wardrobe, especially for regular use.


  • Always try to keep your groin area dry
  • You can use products such as baby powders or antiseptic lotions
  • Wear loose and comfortable clothing
  • Take good care of personal hygiene and cleanliness


  • Don't use any personal items (such as clothes or towels) belonging to others
  • Avoid engaging in any activities that can make you sweat excessively
  • Avoid wearing any kind of tight-fitting apparel
  • Do not wear tight undergarments.

Jock Itch: Diagnosis and Tests

In most cases, a doctor or other healthcare professional will be able to diagnose jock itch by merely looking at the rash on the patient's skin. However, if the diagnosis is not easy to determine, the healthcare provider may opt to take skin samples or scrapings from the affected area. These samples will then be studied under a microscope to come up with an accurate diagnosis.

As it comes to treatment, your doctor or healthcare provider may first of all suggest using an over-the-counter antifungal powder, ointment, lotion, or spray if your condition (jock itch) is mild. You will be asked to apply the medication for at least one to two weeks, even if the rash clears up earlier than expected.

If you also have athlete's foot at the same time, both conditions are usually treated with the same medicine to reduce the risk of the rash coming back. Also, it must be noted that jock itch that is severe or a rash that does not improve with over-the-counter medicine may require prescription-strength creams, ointments, or pills from a doctor.

Summary: Jock itch and athlete's foot often go hand-in-hand, so it's important to treat both conditions at the same time to prevent the rash from recurring. That said, if over-the-counter treatments aren't effective, prescription-strength ointments, creams, or pills may be necessary.

What are the possible complications of jock itch?

There are a few different complications that can come from jock itch, including a rash that spreads to the thighs, genitals, and buttocks. Additionally, there can be secondary skin infections from scratching or rubbing, as well as temporary skin discoloration. If you experience any of these complications, it's important to seek medical attention so that the jock itch doesn't become a more serious problem.

Summary: The infection usually starts at the feet and then advances to the groin area. The fungus that causes the infection can be passed on through contact with contaminated surfaces or objects, such as towels or clothing. You can also spread the infection inadvertently by touching your feet and then transferring the fungus to your underwear or pants when you pull them up.

Home remedies for jock itch

Here are a few natural remedies for jock itch that you can try at home:


Garlic is a powerful ingredient and can work as an effective jock itch treatment at home. Garlic is known for its ability to prevent bacterial infections, which is the primary reason why it's effective against jock itch. Allicin, which is the main active compound present in garlic, is predominantly responsible for this medicinal property.

Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil has excellent anti-inflammatory as well as antifungal properties that can help soothe the skin and are effective in treating conditions like jock itch.

Apple cider vinegar

This ingredient, which can commonly be found in household kitchens, has some excellent antibacterial as well as antifungal properties. This can help you do away with the fungus that is the main culprit behind jock itch.

Aloe vera

It is nature's answer to soothing and calming irritated skin. It has antibacterial and inflammatory properties that help keep the skin bacteria-free while also alleviating any burning sensations associated with skin irritation.


Honey can act as a powerful natural remedy for treating a wide variety of fungal infections, including jock itch. Honey is antiseptic, antifungal, and antibacterial, which makes it effective at fighting germs and preventing them from spreading.

Summary: As we mentioned above, there are a few home remedies that can serve as an effective jock itch treatment. However, we advise you to always consult a healthcare professional before using any of these methods to treat your condition.

Jock itch treatment options

Jock itch can often be remedied by using over-the-counter antifungal creams, lotions, or powders applied to the affected area for a period of two to four weeks. With so many products available on the market today, it's easy to become overwhelmed trying to choose the right one. It's important to have the guidance of a healthcare professional prior to making any purchase, so you know you're getting an effective product for your needs.

If you find that over-the-counter medications aren't giving you the relief you need, speak to your doctor about the possibility of a prescription. This could be for a stronger, mostly topical, medication. Also, your doctor or healthcare provider may prescribe you a number of oral medications. Furthermore, it must be noted that jock itch is a common problem, but you can help prevent it by continuing to apply antifungal or drying powders every time after bathing.

Summary: Jock itch can usually be prevented by maintaining good hygiene, especially if you're predisposed to developing the condition. However, if you do find yourself with jock itch, there are many effective creams and other treatments available on the market. That said, it's always best to consult with a doctor or other medical professional to get their opinion on which product would be best for you and your individual case.

Which doctor should I consult for jock itch?

Your primary care physician or a skin specialist (dermatologist) can usually diagnose and treat jock itch simultaneously. However, it's always best to see a reputable skin specialist if you think you have jock itch, just to be on the safe side.

Which are the best medicines for jock itch?

There are a number of effective treatments for jock itch, including over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription antifungal creams, ointments, gels, sprays, and powders. The active ingredients in these products include miconazole, clotrimazole, terbinafine, and tolnaftate. A number of prescription antifungal medications are also available in pill form.

How long does it take to recover from jock itch?

If you think you have jock itch or a similar condition, it is important that you see a healthcare provider (or a skin specialist) for a proper diagnosis and treatment. In most cases, jock itch can be cleared up somewhere between one and eight weeks with medication.

Apart from that, it's important to closely follow your doctor's instructions and complete your entire course of medicine. You may notice the itching and irritation gradually fade during the early healing stages.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Jock itch, while often not serious, can be a pesky problem for many people. It's important to know that jock itch does not usually go away on its own and often requires treatment to clear up. However, the good news is that jock itch often responds quickly to treatment and is usually less severe than other tinea infections, like athlete's foot.

With that said, jock itch can sometimes last a long time, but the good news is that the condition is often permanently cured with treatment. There are always exceptions, though, so it's important to be aware that in some cases, the condition may return even after treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Even after your condition (jock itch) is cured or goes away, you must still take precautionary measures to keep your skin dry. This means wearing loose-fitting cotton clothing and avoiding tight underwear, pants, or tights. Also, remember to wash your pants and shorts after each use.

What is the price of jock itch treatments in India?

The cost of an effective antifungal cream or lotion in India can range anywhere between Rs. 150 and Rs. 350 (INR). That said, the actual price will depend on the strength, or dosage, and on the brand of the product. It goes without saying that the cost that has been mentioned here does not include the doctor's fee and other expenses (if any).

Summary: The average cost of treating jock itch in India would be approximately 1,000 to 1,500 rupees, which may include the doctor's fee and other related expenses.

What are the side effects of jock itch treatments?

Some side effects commonly associated with treatment for jock itch include stinging, burning, irritation, swelling, pimple-like bumps, redness, tenderness, or flaking of the skin or area being treated. However, if you experience any of these side effects for an extended period of time or if they cause ongoing discomfort, you must notify your doctor or pharmacist.

Summary: Although the previously mentioned side effects are not usually a cause for alarm, you should still inform your doctor about them to be on the safe side.

Jock itch: outlook (or prognosis)

Jock itch is predominantly caused by a fungus that thrives in warm, moist environments. This can include the groin area, which is why some people refer to jock itch as 'tinea cruris.' In order to cure jock itch, it is important to treat it with antifungal ointment.

Even though there are many over-the-counter products that can treat this condition, it is important to ensure that the ointment is applied correctly. This condition can be treated and cured relatively easily; however, it often doesn't go away on its own. This common skin condition often responds well to treatment and is often less severe than other tinea infections, such as athlete's foot, but it may still last for a considerable amount of time in many cases.

Summary: Jock itch is a common skin condition that affects men who are physically active and play sports. In most cases, this common skin condition can be easily treated with certain oral or topical medications. Moreover, if left untreated, jock itch can become a root cause for other serious skin conditions.


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Written ByDr. Deepa Kadam MD - AyurvedaDermatology
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