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Overview

Foot Pain: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Foot is the part of the human body at the bottom of the leg on which a person can stand. Foot pain can occur due to various causes. There can be irritation/inflammation of the tissues that connect the heel bone to the toes. Another type foot pain occurs when there is abnormal growth of bone at the bottom of the heel. It occurs due to wearing wrong shoes or having wrong standing and walking postures. Sometimes, a deep bruise can occur on the fat pad of the heel or ball of the foot. A heel fracture can occur due to deep injury in the foot resulting in tremendous pain. A pain can occur due to wearing of poorly fitting shoes, which is called Metatarsalgia. A problem known as Morton’s neuroma occurs when there is a thickening of tissue around the nerves of the foot. Sesamoiditis, is a type of foot pain that occurs when tendons around the foot swells up.

Typical gout or arthritis causes pain in the toes. Nerve problem, or neuropathy is a problem that is caused by diabetes is another problem that can lead to foot pain.

All these foot problems have various types of treatment as well. These include both home remedies as well as specialised treatments. But mostly, these problems do not involve too much medication. Proper care and exercising can solve these problems. Only if the pain is severe enough, it is recommended to visit a doctor for proper advice and necessary treatment.

How is the treatment done?

In case of foot pain related to pain in heel or Plantar fasciitis, the best remedies are taking rest, doing muscle stretches and taking medicines if required.

Heel spurs, or abnormal growth of bone at the bottom of the heel can give a person a lot of trouble. Still, this problem can be sorted more or less without a doctor’s help. It requires rest, wearing of pain relieving shoes, resting, doing certain physical exercises like stretching and so on. If the pain is unbearable, only then a person should take medicines or consult a doctor.

A stone bruise is said to happen when a deep cut occurs in the flat of the heels and this also require rest of the affected foot, proper application of ice in the foot is also required. If the pain persists or increases, medicines can be taken.

A heel fracture can occur which may not only crack a bone, but also shatter it. For such a situation wearing of splint, usage of crutches, protection of the heel with pads and physiotherapy are the most common treatments. If the pain is unbearable, or if it is not being cured, proper medications are required or surgery may be needed if the doctor feels it necessary.

Metatarsalgia is also another problem that doesn’t require seeing medical personnel. Wearing comfortable shoes, application of ice and taking rest will help to relieve the pain effectively.

Morton’s neuroma is a problem which can be solved by wearing shoe inserts, avoiding high heels and standing on feet for a long time. In case the pain doesn’t go easily, intake of steroids, medicines or even injection or surgery may be required to cure the pain under the guidance of proper medical personnel.

Sesamoiditis or inflammation of tendons can also be cured by following basic rules as mentioned above. In very few cases, special treatment like steroid injections may be required. In case of gout in the toes, basic care can be taken for pain relief, and consumption of food that increases gout can be reduced. Certain drugs like colchicine and prednisone can be taken.

Nerve damage can be cured by both home remedies like taking rest and light exercises, but surgery or injections should be taken if required and recommended by the doctor.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any person, irrespective of age are subjected to take these treatments if they suffer from foot pain. Foot problems can happen to any person but most of the problems can be cured easily at home. Rarely injections or surgery are required and it does not have any age barrier as such.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who has no problem in his/her foot is not subjected to the treatment for foot pain. But, to prevent these problems, certain precautions can be taken so as to avoid foot pain altogether.

Are there any side effects?

The treatment for foot pain is more or less safe. However, if steroids are taken to treat certain conditions of foot pain, some problems can occur as these happen to be the common side effects for intake of steroids. These side effects include baldness, roughness of the skin, headache, growth deficit, cardiovascular diseases, kidney and liver problems, high blood pressure and stomach ache. In case these problems become serious enough then the patient must consult his/her doctor.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are no specific post treatment guidelines for most of the foot related problems because most of the problems are solved by home remedies. If a person undergoes surgery, then he/she might have to take rest and do certain physiotherapies in order to heal completely. In case the pain persists then he/she need to consult their doctor to seek medical help.

How long does it take to recover?

Recovery after a foot surgery takes a maximum time of 4 to 5 months. Other problems that involve intake of medicine may require a maximum of 3 to 4 months for complete recovery. The problems that only require home remedies like taking rest and light exercises can have different effects on different people, some may cure sooner than the others, depending on their capability to recover.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Price of foot surgery in India starts from Rs. 4 lakhs and can extend up to Rs. 12 lakhs. The treatments that do not involve any surgery, are quite cheaper than the others. It only requires proper care and attention to cure the pain. The treatment is easily available in all cities and towns of India.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

After a foot surgery along with proper rest and medication, the pain is usually cured permanently. The home remedies and exercises recommended during the treatment process should be followed strictly to avoid any further problem related to foot pain in future.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Surgical treatment is the best method to cure problems of foot pain. In addition to this, a few pain relief medications as well as injections can be helpful in dealing with patients suffering from such conditions. However, a few alternative treatments for the problem of foot pain involve applying ice packs or hot bags to the affected area, adding Epsom salts or Arnica salts in the bath for foot soak, soaking a washcloth in heated linseed oil and applying it on the affected area, applying slightly heated paste of turmeric is known to have effective results due to its anti-inflammatory properties and so on.

Safety: Symptom Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Rs. 4,00,000 - Rs. 12,00,000

Popular Health Tips

Foot Problems Which Require Surgery!

MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Foot Problems Which Require Surgery!

Following are the most common foot conditions which require surgery:

  1. Plantar fasciitis: It is one of the most common causes of heel pain which is aggravated in the morning with initial few steps. Too much pressure on feet can damage or tear the ligaments because of which the plantar fascia becomes inflamed, and the inflammation causes heel pain and stiffness.
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis: It is an autoimmune condition that affects the joints and causes swelling of the joint lining (synovium). It commonly affects the small joints of the hands and feet. Surgery is required when the condition leads to deformity or cartilage loss.
  3. Sesamoiditis: It is a condition where there is a pain on the bottom of the foot at the base of the great toe. Excision of the chronically inflamed sesamoid is required.Ankle arthritis: It is usually caused by osteoarthritis where the cartilage covering the ends of bones gradually roughens and becomes thin and the bone underneath thickens. This leads to pain, swelling, and occasional deformity of the joint. 
  4. Fracture: Healing fractures require immobilizing the foot with a boot and sometimes even surgery.
  5. Bone spurs: An excessive growth of bone is causing pain or limitation of movement. These spurs develop at the edge of the joint causing pain, tenderness, and difficulty in walking. Surgery is required to remove these excessive growths.
  6. Gangrene: It is one of the most common conditions requiring amputation where the death of the tissue occurs.
  7. Clubfoot/Talipes Equinovarus: It is a foot deformity in newborns where the foot is rotated inwards (varus) and downwards (equinus).
  8. Claw Toes/Hammer Toes: It is a condition affecting the toes in people as they age causing difficulty and pain while walking. The affected joints require replacement with artificial joint or fusion (surgical stiffening). 
  9. Morton's Neuroma: The patient presents with pain in the forefoot, in the “ball” of the foot causing irritation of one or more of the small nerves, just before they travel into the toes.
  10. Hallux Valgus/Bunion: It is one of the most common conditions, especially seen among women, where bony lumps develop on the side of the foot and at the base of the big toe causing malpositioning of the foot. For some people, it is only a cosmetic problem. Bunionectomy is a surgery performed to remove the bony prominence.
  11. Hallux Limitus/Rigidus: It is an arthritic condition of the big toe joint leading to pain and loss of motion.
  12. Diabetes mellitus: It affects circulation and blood supply causing delayed healing. Ulcerations, infections, and sometimes severe infections require amputations.
  13. Cysts and ganglions: These are painful lumps that cause pressure and rub on the shoe while walking. If a change in the footwear doesn’t solve the problem, surgical removal of the cyst or ganglion is done.
1 person found this helpful

Osteochondritis Dissecans Of Talus - Signs You Need To Be Aware Of!

M S Ortho, D - Ortho, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Osteochondritis Dissecans Of Talus - Signs You Need To Be Aware Of!

Osteochondritis dissecans of Talus, more commonly known as OCD Talus, is a condition affecting the ankle. In it, a portion of the joint bone gets separated from the joint due to faulty blood supply. In some cases, the bone may remain in place and gradually repair itself over time. However, most of the times, the bone splinter falls into the joint, hindering mobility and causing great pain.

Symptoms of OCD Talus
Here is a look at some of the symptoms and signs which you are likely to encounter if you suffer from OCD Talus.

  1. The ankle joint will be swollen and sore.
  2. While trying to move the joint, it may get locked or caught up, preventing the full range of motion.
  3. You may feel a cracking or popping sound when the joint is in motion. This sound is known as crepitus.
  4. A general weakness of the ankle joint is also a marked symptom in most cases.
  5. Fluid deposits may be formed at the joint affected, causing even more inflammation and discomfort. This is known as an effusion.
  6. The condition will be painful and the pain increases with physical activities such as walking or exercise.

Treatment options for OCD Talus patients
While there are many different treatment methods for the condition, some are more effective than the others. At the initial stages of the disorder, the doctor may-

  1. advise you to rest the ankle and thus give the splintered bones time to heal.
  2. advise you to take a break from sports if you are involved in such activities.
  3. prescribe non-steroidal pain medications to deal with the discomfort resulting from the condition.
  4. suggest wearing braces or other artificial devices to immobilize the joint temporarily. The patients may need to use crutches in such cases.

The treatment methods mentioned above usually work for children and young adults. However, people of advanced ages may suffer from additional complications. Surgery is a viable option and it can help patients in two ways. It can restore normal blood flow, which may be suppressed due to the bone splinter, and it can also repair the ankle joint.

OCD Talus affects a very limited number of people. Osteochondritis dissecans is more common in knees and elbow joints. Almost 75 percent of OCD cases affect the knee joint. However, if your ankles are affected, it may be just as severe and can greatly affect your ability to move properly. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4030 people found this helpful

Ankle Instability - 6 Ways It Can Be Manged!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Arthroscopy
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Ankle Instability - 6 Ways It Can Be Manged!

The ankle, despite being one of the smaller joints, plays a crucial role as it bears the brunt of a person’s weight. Due to improper gait or injuries, the ankle often gets sprained. This can be a recurring problem in older people. Therefore, over a period of time, the ankle gets unstable and can cause chronic symptoms including pain, imbalance resulting in recurrent falls. Read on to know more about some causes, symptoms, and management techniques for ankle instability.

Causes: The ankle has ligaments which stretch to allow for ankle movement. When this ligament stretches beyond the limit, then it can tear or stretch. Therefore, sportspersons like basketball and football players, gymnasts who tend to use their ankle a lot are at a much higher risk of developing ankle instability over a period of time.

Symptoms: The most common symptom of ankle instability is when a person is unable to stand firm. This pain is worse in people wearing heels or walking on uneven ground. Patients may experience swelling, stiffness, and excruciating pain.

Management: Ankle instability is an acute problem but the recovery time is limited too, so the symptoms disappear over a period of time. However, in some people, especially sportspersons, it may lead to a chronic condition which needs immediate attention. Few remedies for getting relief from ankle pain are mentioned below:

  1. Ice: For pain relief, icing the ankle is an excellent option. Applying a cold pack for about 10 to 15 minutes about 2 to 4 times per day is an effective way to relieve the pain, stiffness, and swelling.
  2. Rest: Ligament injuries often heal on their own, and sportspersons may be advised to stay off of the game for about a week or two, to give it time for self-repair.
  3. Compresses: Using an elastic wrap or compression ice wrap for a few hours can help in relieving ankle instability.
  4. Pain killers: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen can help in reducing both the inflammation and pain from the ankle injury.
  5. Exercise: Increasing the strength and flexibility of the ankle via exercise is a great way to reduce chances of further sprain. Rotating the ankles, standing on one leg, etc., are some effective ways to do this.
  6. Surgery: If none of the above-mentioned remedies work, a surgery may be required which is only in severe and/or chronic cases.

Ankle instability is quite common but is equally easy to manage.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2534 people found this helpful

Feet Pain - Tips To Help You Control It!

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), MBBS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Feet Pain - Tips To Help You Control It!

Are you experiencing pain in your feet? Are you having difficulty with mobility because of it? Feet pain is a very common form of pain affecting people of different age groups. This type of pain may occur anywhere in the foot such as the heel, toe, sole, arch or ankle. Several factors like old age, wearing defective shoe, certain fractures, mineral deficiency, diabetes and other conditions lead to feet pain.

Here are some tips you should follow to get the feet pain under control:

  1. Hot and cold water therapy: Hot and cold water therapy is quite effective in treating feet pain. The hot water treatment promotes blood flow while the cold water treatment reduces inflammation. Fill a bucket with cold water and another one with hot water. Dip your feet in hot water for three minutes and then dip it in cold water. Repeat this process three to four times and end with a cold water dip. You can also opt for a heat pad and ice pack, to be used alternately.
  2. Epsom salt: Epsom salt soothes the feet and gives instant relief from several types of feet pain. Epsom salt is made of magnesium and helps in relaxing the feet by reducing pain. Add three spoons of Epsom salt in a warm water tub and soak your feet in it for at least 20 minutes.
  3. Ice: Ice therapy is very effective in reducing pain and swelling in the feet. Add crushed ice in a plastic bag and massage the affected area of your feet with it in a circular motion. A bag of frozen vegetables in a plastic bag can be used as well. The cold temperature numbs the nerve endings in the affected area, thereby giving relief. Swelling is also reduced because of this.
  4. Footwear modifications: Footwear modifications make a huge difference in the pain. You may need custom made footwear or sometimes ready made insoles. Regular stretches of the foot and calf muscles are also helpful.

Feet pain can also be treated by medications of several types prescribed by a doctor. However, the natural remedies are quite effective as they do not cause any side effect or extra risk to the body. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4840 people found this helpful

Foot Arch Pain - How To Deal With It?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Shoulder Surgery
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
Foot Arch Pain - How To Deal With It?

Plantar fasciitis or foot arch pain is the most widely recognised form of foot ache. The plantar fascia is a belt of the tissue (tendon) that connects your heel to your toes. It supports your foot arch. If you strain your plantar belt, it gets weak, swollen, and inflamed. At that point, your heel or the base of your foot hurts when you stand or walk.

Plantar fasciitis is very common in moderately aged individuals. It also affects young individuals who are on their feet a great deal, like athletes or sportspersons. It can happen in one foot or both feet. Straining the tendon or ligament that supports your arch causes plantar fasciitis. Repeated strain can bring about small tears in the tendon. These can lead to pain and swelling.

  1. No single treatment works best for those suffering from plantar fasciitis. However, there are numerous things you can do to help your foot to improve from this condition. These are as follows:
  2. Try to give your feet a lot of rest. Decrease the type of exercises that can make your foot hurt. Do whatever it takes not to walk or keep running on hard surfaces.
  3. Avoid wearing heels if that is what might be causing the pain. Try to wear shoes with soft soles.
  4. To diminish the pain and swelling, try applying ice on your arch or even heels, in case the pain is caused because of the arch. On the other hand, take an over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever like ibuprofen, (for example, Advil or Motrin) or naproxen, (for example, Aleve).
  5. Do toe stretches, calf stretches and towel extends a few times a day, particularly when you first get up in the morning. (For towel stretches, you pull on both the ends of a towel that you put under the bundle of your foot.) Before doing so, roll the towel into the shape of a band.
  6. Get another pair of shoes. Pick shoes with great curve bolster and a padded sole. On the other hand you can also use heel mugs or shoe inserts (orthotics). Utilize them in both shoes, regardless of the possibility that only one foot hurts.

In case that these medications do not help, your doctor may suggest splints or supports that you can wear during the evening. He or she may also suggest certain shots of medicine, (for example, a steroid) in your heel, or different medicines. Most people will not require surgery. Specialists just propose it for individuals who still have pain even after taking different medicines for six to twelve months.

Plantar fasciitis frequently happens as a result of injuries that have happened after some time. With treatment, you will face less pain within a couple of weeks. However, it may take time for the pain to leave totally. It might take a couple of months to a year. Continue with your treatment. In case that you do not, you may have chronic pain when you stand or walk. The sooner you begin treatment, the sooner your feet feel relief. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.

4670 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I was walking to the couch and all of a sudden I felt a sharp pain in my ankle. It no longer supported me. Now, there's a large swollen bump behind my ankle.

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
Rule out Hypertension, Diabetes or any other metabolic disorder. Any way it may be tried, --. Dolokind Plus (Mankind) [Aceclofenac100 mg +Paracetamol 350 mg] 1 tab. OD & SOS. X 5 days. --. Caldikind plus  (Mankind) 1 tab OD x 10 days. (You may need help of your local doctor to get these medicines.) --. Fomentation with warm water. Let the part not be exposed to cold air flowing from air conditioner. --. Sleep on a hard bed with soft bedding.  --. Use no pillow under the head. --. Avoid painful acts & activities. -- .Do mild exercises for ankles and feet.  --.(Take help of a physiotherapist). --Do not ignore, let it not become beginning of a major problem. --Do ask for a detailed treatment plan. Kindly make sure, there is no allergy to any of these medicines. --For emergency treatment Contact your family doctor or visit nearest hospital. --Wish you a quick recovery & good health. --I hope, I have solved your problem to your satisfaction.  
6 people found this helpful

I am 50 years old house wife & I have been getting pain in both ankles due to implement or increase of bone there .I feel pain and swelling when I want to wake up in the morning & after finishing my works. Whenever I walk, even to a short distance it feels like heated around the ankles. Provide me remedies.

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
This treatment is being suggested on bases of the information provided. However I would like to examine & investigate the patient in detail. Rule out Hypertension, Diabetes or any other metabolic disorder. Any way it may be tried, --. Dolokind Plus (Mankind) [Aceclofenac100 mg +Paracetamol 350 mg] 1 tab. OD & SOS. X 5 days. --. Caldikind plus  (Mankind) 1 tab OD x 10 days. (You may need help of your local doctor to get these medicines.) --. Fomentation with warm water. Let the part not be exposed to cold air flowing from air conditioner. --. Sleep on a hard bed with soft bedding.  --. Use no pillow under the head. --. Avoid painful acts & activities. -- .Do mild exercises for spine and hips.  --.(Take help of a physiotherapist). --Do not ignore, let it not become beginning of a major problem. --Do ask for a detailed treatment plan. Kindly make sure, there is no allergy to any of these medicines. --For emergency treatment Contact your family doctor or visit nearest hospital. --Wish you a quick recovery & good health. --I hope, I have solved your problem to your satisfaction.  

I am 36 years old. I have a problem of sciatica pain in my right leg around ankle for last 13 days. The improvement is a little such as feeling no pain while sleeping but I feel pain under the ankle after walking about 500 meter. I am taking gabapin nt 100 mg tablet twice a day. Please advise me what should I do to get rid of this pain.

Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Ankle pain. Our suggestion would be to do hot water fermentation along with Cold (ice) therapy. You shall also keep a pillow under the knee while sleeping, next is you can keep ice in the painful area for about 5-10 minutes.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Shoulder Pain
What Can We Expect from Nonoperative Treatment for Shoulder?
Play video
Knee Pain
Can Cartilage Regeneration Prevent Knee Replacement?
Play video
Pain Management
Why is pain management so important?
Play video
Joint Pain
Joint Pain: Causes and Treatment
Play video
Know More About Neck Pain
Hello, I am Dr Rajesh Pal. I am a physiotherapist and I have 17 years of clinical experience. I have been graduated from Utkal University and I have masters degree in Orthopaedics and physiotherapy. Today we are going to talk about very common problem which people are facing because of technology which is Neck pain.

India is a youth population and youth is technologically driven. So, they use more of laptops, spending more time on phones. So, because of the neck postures get affected and the muscles which control the posture of neck are under tremendous stress and gradually they develop some or other kind of problem which result into Neck pain. Today, I am going to give some tips that how to prevent all such problems.

There are different causes of Neck pain:-

Posture- One has to beware of their posture. If you keep your neck bent for a long time, then the neck muscles are in acute pressure that creates some kind of knots in that muscle which is called trigger point. So, here is my trick to prevent this that whenever you use your phone, keep the phone in eye level in order to keep your neck in neutral position. This will reduce the stress of trapezius muscle.
The second commonest cause is stress. We should adapt some technologies and modicfication in our lifestyle to take care of the stress. Under stress, these postural muscle remain in tightened state for a long period of time and that eventually leads to these kind of problems. Try to relax yourself. Go with the time and nature and keep yourself happy. One should not worry about what is happening and what should be the best way because nothing best is available in this world. Go with what is happening.
The third factor which contribute to these kind of problem is Sleep. Nowadays the sleeping schedule has changd because of work. In some MNCs, there is a culture in which people have to work in the night and sleep during the day. The sleeping pattern has changed and it is causing such kind of problems. So, try to maintain good sleep. Fix a time of sleeping. Keep the environment of the room in such a manner to induce better and relaxing sleep.
The another important factor is diet. The food we eat, plays an important role. Having a packed or preserved food can lead to muscle injury. This kind of food contains some chemicals which induce such problems. Avoid having these packed food and start having home made fresh food which is more healthy.
The last thing I want ot share is that spending more time on computer is harmful. Gadgets emit radiations which absorb water from our muscles. AS we know that our body is made up of 80% of the water. If the water quantity get reduced then the muscle problems starts developing. So, keep yourself hydrated. Make sure that you drink one glass of water in every 2 hours.
Do stretching exercises of neck muscles and shoulders.
If you indulge in such habits, you can easily prevent these problems.

If you want to contact me, I am available on Lybrate and book an appointment there for consulting me.

Thank you for watching this video.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice