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Overview

Foot Pain: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Foot is the part of the human body at the bottom of the leg on which a person can stand. Foot pain can occur due to various causes. There can be irritation/inflammation of the tissues that connect the heel bone to the toes. Another type foot pain occurs when there is abnormal growth of bone at the bottom of the heel. It occurs due to wearing wrong shoes or having wrong standing and walking postures. Sometimes, a deep bruise can occur on the fat pad of the heel or ball of the foot. A heel fracture can occur due to deep injury in the foot resulting in tremendous pain. A pain can occur due to wearing of poorly fitting shoes, which is called Metatarsalgia. A problem known as Morton’s neuroma occurs when there is a thickening of tissue around the nerves of the foot. Sesamoiditis, is a type of foot pain that occurs when tendons around the foot swells up.

Typical gout or arthritis causes pain in the toes. Nerve problem, or neuropathy is a problem that is caused by diabetes is another problem that can lead to foot pain.

All these foot problems have various types of treatment as well. These include both home remedies as well as specialised treatments. But mostly, these problems do not involve too much medication. Proper care and exercising can solve these problems. Only if the pain is severe enough, it is recommended to visit a doctor for proper advice and necessary treatment.

How is the treatment done?

In case of foot pain related to pain in heel or Plantar fasciitis, the best remedies are taking rest, doing muscle stretches and taking medicines if required.

Heel spurs, or abnormal growth of bone at the bottom of the heel can give a person a lot of trouble. Still, this problem can be sorted more or less without a doctor’s help. It requires rest, wearing of pain relieving shoes, resting, doing certain physical exercises like stretching and so on. If the pain is unbearable, only then a person should take medicines or consult a doctor.

A stone bruise is said to happen when a deep cut occurs in the flat of the heels and this also require rest of the affected foot, proper application of ice in the foot is also required. If the pain persists or increases, medicines can be taken.

A heel fracture can occur which may not only crack a bone, but also shatter it. For such a situation wearing of splint, usage of crutches, protection of the heel with pads and physiotherapy are the most common treatments. If the pain is unbearable, or if it is not being cured, proper medications are required or surgery may be needed if the doctor feels it necessary.

Metatarsalgia is also another problem that doesn’t require seeing medical personnel. Wearing comfortable shoes, application of ice and taking rest will help to relieve the pain effectively.

Morton’s neuroma is a problem which can be solved by wearing shoe inserts, avoiding high heels and standing on feet for a long time. In case the pain doesn’t go easily, intake of steroids, medicines or even injection or surgery may be required to cure the pain under the guidance of proper medical personnel.

Sesamoiditis or inflammation of tendons can also be cured by following basic rules as mentioned above. In very few cases, special treatment like steroid injections may be required. In case of gout in the toes, basic care can be taken for pain relief, and consumption of food that increases gout can be reduced. Certain drugs like colchicine and prednisone can be taken.

Nerve damage can be cured by both home remedies like taking rest and light exercises, but surgery or injections should be taken if required and recommended by the doctor.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any person, irrespective of age are subjected to take these treatments if they suffer from foot pain. Foot problems can happen to any person but most of the problems can be cured easily at home. Rarely injections or surgery are required and it does not have any age barrier as such.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who has no problem in his/her foot is not subjected to the treatment for foot pain. But, to prevent these problems, certain precautions can be taken so as to avoid foot pain altogether.

Are there any side effects?

The treatment for foot pain is more or less safe. However, if steroids are taken to treat certain conditions of foot pain, some problems can occur as these happen to be the common side effects for intake of steroids. These side effects include baldness, roughness of the skin, headache, growth deficit, cardiovascular diseases, kidney and liver problems, high blood pressure and stomach ache. In case these problems become serious enough then the patient must consult his/her doctor.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There are no specific post treatment guidelines for most of the foot related problems because most of the problems are solved by home remedies. If a person undergoes surgery, then he/she might have to take rest and do certain physiotherapies in order to heal completely. In case the pain persists then he/she need to consult their doctor to seek medical help.

How long does it take to recover?

Recovery after a foot surgery takes a maximum time of 4 to 5 months. Other problems that involve intake of medicine may require a maximum of 3 to 4 months for complete recovery. The problems that only require home remedies like taking rest and light exercises can have different effects on different people, some may cure sooner than the others, depending on their capability to recover.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Price of foot surgery in India starts from Rs. 4 lakhs and can extend up to Rs. 12 lakhs. The treatments that do not involve any surgery, are quite cheaper than the others. It only requires proper care and attention to cure the pain. The treatment is easily available in all cities and towns of India.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

After a foot surgery along with proper rest and medication, the pain is usually cured permanently. The home remedies and exercises recommended during the treatment process should be followed strictly to avoid any further problem related to foot pain in future.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Surgical treatment is the best method to cure problems of foot pain. In addition to this, a few pain relief medications as well as injections can be helpful in dealing with patients suffering from such conditions. However, a few alternative treatments for the problem of foot pain involve applying ice packs or hot bags to the affected area, adding Epsom salts or Arnica salts in the bath for foot soak, soaking a washcloth in heated linseed oil and applying it on the affected area, applying slightly heated paste of turmeric is known to have effective results due to its anti-inflammatory properties and so on.

Safety: Symptom Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Rs. 4,00,000 - Rs. 12,00,000

Popular Health Tips

Foot Problems Which Require Surgery!

MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Foot Problems Which Require Surgery!

Following are the most common foot conditions which require surgery:

  1. Plantar fasciitis: It is one of the most common causes of heel pain which is aggravated in the morning with initial few steps. Too much pressure on feet can damage or tear the ligaments because of which the plantar fascia becomes inflamed, and the inflammation causes heel pain and stiffness.
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis: It is an autoimmune condition that affects the joints and causes swelling of the joint lining (synovium). It commonly affects the small joints of the hands and feet. Surgery is required when the condition leads to deformity or cartilage loss.
  3. Sesamoiditis: It is a condition where there is a pain on the bottom of the foot at the base of the great toe. Excision of the chronically inflamed sesamoid is required.Ankle arthritis: It is usually caused by osteoarthritis where the cartilage covering the ends of bones gradually roughens and becomes thin and the bone underneath thickens. This leads to pain, swelling, and occasional deformity of the joint. 
  4. Fracture: Healing fractures require immobilizing the foot with a boot and sometimes even surgery.
  5. Bone spurs: An excessive growth of bone is causing pain or limitation of movement. These spurs develop at the edge of the joint causing pain, tenderness, and difficulty in walking. Surgery is required to remove these excessive growths.
  6. Gangrene: It is one of the most common conditions requiring amputation where the death of the tissue occurs.
  7. Clubfoot/Talipes Equinovarus: It is a foot deformity in newborns where the foot is rotated inwards (varus) and downwards (equinus).
  8. Claw Toes/Hammer Toes: It is a condition affecting the toes in people as they age causing difficulty and pain while walking. The affected joints require replacement with artificial joint or fusion (surgical stiffening). 
  9. Morton's Neuroma: The patient presents with pain in the forefoot, in the “ball” of the foot causing irritation of one or more of the small nerves, just before they travel into the toes.
  10. Hallux Valgus/Bunion: It is one of the most common conditions, especially seen among women, where bony lumps develop on the side of the foot and at the base of the big toe causing malpositioning of the foot. For some people, it is only a cosmetic problem. Bunionectomy is a surgery performed to remove the bony prominence.
  11. Hallux Limitus/Rigidus: It is an arthritic condition of the big toe joint leading to pain and loss of motion.
  12. Diabetes mellitus: It affects circulation and blood supply causing delayed healing. Ulcerations, infections, and sometimes severe infections require amputations.
  13. Cysts and ganglions: These are painful lumps that cause pressure and rub on the shoe while walking. If a change in the footwear doesn’t solve the problem, surgical removal of the cyst or ganglion is done.

Osteochondritis Dissecans Of Talus - Signs You Need To Be Aware Of!

M S Ortho, D - Ortho, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Osteochondritis Dissecans Of Talus - Signs You Need To Be Aware Of!

Osteochondritis dissecans of Talus, more commonly known as OCD Talus, is a condition affecting the ankle. In it, a portion of the joint bone gets separated from the joint due to faulty blood supply. In some cases, the bone may remain in place and gradually repair itself over time. However, most of the times, the bone splinter falls into the joint, hindering mobility and causing great pain.

Symptoms of OCD Talus
Here is a look at some of the symptoms and signs which you are likely to encounter if you suffer from OCD Talus.

  1. The ankle joint will be swollen and sore.
  2. While trying to move the joint, it may get locked or caught up, preventing the full range of motion.
  3. You may feel a cracking or popping sound when the joint is in motion. This sound is known as crepitus.
  4. A general weakness of the ankle joint is also a marked symptom in most cases.
  5. Fluid deposits may be formed at the joint affected, causing even more inflammation and discomfort. This is known as an effusion.
  6. The condition will be painful and the pain increases with physical activities such as walking or exercise.

Treatment options for OCD Talus patients
While there are many different treatment methods for the condition, some are more effective than the others. At the initial stages of the disorder, the doctor may-

  1. advise you to rest the ankle and thus give the splintered bones time to heal.
  2. advise you to take a break from sports if you are involved in such activities.
  3. prescribe non-steroidal pain medications to deal with the discomfort resulting from the condition.
  4. suggest wearing braces or other artificial devices to immobilize the joint temporarily. The patients may need to use crutches in such cases.

The treatment methods mentioned above usually work for children and young adults. However, people of advanced ages may suffer from additional complications. Surgery is a viable option and it can help patients in two ways. It can restore normal blood flow, which may be suppressed due to the bone splinter, and it can also repair the ankle joint.

OCD Talus affects a very limited number of people. Osteochondritis dissecans is more common in knees and elbow joints. Almost 75 percent of OCD cases affect the knee joint. However, if your ankles are affected, it may be just as severe and can greatly affect your ability to move properly. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4030 people found this helpful

Footballer's Ankle - Know its Symptoms And Treatment Options!

M S Ortho, D - Ortho, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Footballer's Ankle - Know its Symptoms And Treatment Options!

Footballer’s ankle is most commonly caused among football players but may also occur in others. If the ankle bone extends and touches the shin bone, it causes excessive pain, swelling and inflammation. The bone spur slowly progresses and causes a large impact on the soft tissue at the front portion of the ankle. This medical condition is known as the footballer's ankle. 

Symptoms For Footballer’s Ankle 

The condition occurs in the ankle region when a kicking movement is made repeatedly. Here are some symptoms of the disorder. 

  1. Restricted range of movement in the ankle. 
  2. A pinching sensation when the joint is in motion. Often the lunging movement will cause this pinching sensation. 
  3. A clicking or knocking sensation can be felt when the ankle joint is in use. 
  4. A weakness of the joint, which may severely restrict the amount of weight you can put on the leg
  5. Bone lump formation at the front of the ankle joint. 
  6. Extreme pain and discomfort even in case of a simple sprain in the nearby ligaments. 

Diagnosis and treatment of the condition 
The simplest way to diagnose the condition is by performing an X-Ray of the ankle. Once confirmed, the treatment is initiated. Here is a look at some of the remedies for footballer’s ankle. 

  1. Doctors will advise you to rest the ankle joint so that the condition does not deteriorate. 
  2. Footballer’s ankle is best treated by physicians specializing in sports injuries, which is why you should seek their counsel. 
  3. Ankle supports may also be used to provide relief from some of the discomfort associated with the condition. 
  4. cdbe53899aa4fb660500870c7c95a247Steroidal painkillers can be useful in case of severe or unbearable pain caused by the condition. 
  5. If the condition is serious and the bone lump is quite large, arthroscopic surgery may be the only solution. Through this surgery, the doctors look to remove the lump from the ankle. 
  6. Apart from the surgery, patients may also be advised to attend rehab programs, once the healing process in the joint starts. 

For complete recuperation, patients will need to undergo physical therapy or practice exercises along with the standard medications. A joint preservation surgeon will be able to help you with the kind of workout regime that you need to follow if you are looking to find relief from the pain and discomfort associated with the footballer’s ankle. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4166 people found this helpful

Ankle Instability - 6 Ways It Can Be Manged!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Arthroscopy
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Ankle Instability - 6 Ways It Can Be Manged!

The ankle, despite being one of the smaller joints, plays a crucial role as it bears the brunt of a person’s weight. Due to improper gait or injuries, the ankle often gets sprained. This can be a recurring problem in older people. Therefore, over a period of time, the ankle gets unstable and can cause chronic symptoms including pain, imbalance resulting in recurrent falls. Read on to know more about some causes, symptoms, and management techniques for ankle instability.

Causes: The ankle has ligaments which stretch to allow for ankle movement. When this ligament stretches beyond the limit, then it can tear or stretch. Therefore, sportspersons like basketball and football players, gymnasts who tend to use their ankle a lot are at a much higher risk of developing ankle instability over a period of time.

Symptoms: The most common symptom of ankle instability is when a person is unable to stand firm. This pain is worse in people wearing heels or walking on uneven ground. Patients may experience swelling, stiffness, and excruciating pain.

Management: Ankle instability is an acute problem but the recovery time is limited too, so the symptoms disappear over a period of time. However, in some people, especially sportspersons, it may lead to a chronic condition which needs immediate attention. Few remedies for getting relief from ankle pain are mentioned below:

  1. Ice: For pain relief, icing the ankle is an excellent option. Applying a cold pack for about 10 to 15 minutes about 2 to 4 times per day is an effective way to relieve the pain, stiffness, and swelling.
  2. Rest: Ligament injuries often heal on their own, and sportspersons may be advised to stay off of the game for about a week or two, to give it time for self-repair.
  3. Compresses: Using an elastic wrap or compression ice wrap for a few hours can help in relieving ankle instability.
  4. Pain killers: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen can help in reducing both the inflammation and pain from the ankle injury.
  5. Exercise: Increasing the strength and flexibility of the ankle via exercise is a great way to reduce chances of further sprain. Rotating the ankles, standing on one leg, etc., are some effective ways to do this.
  6. Surgery: If none of the above-mentioned remedies work, a surgery may be required which is only in severe and/or chronic cases.

Ankle instability is quite common but is equally easy to manage.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2534 people found this helpful

Feet Pain - Tips To Help You Control It!

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), MBBS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Feet Pain - Tips To Help You Control It!

Are you experiencing pain in your feet? Are you having difficulty with mobility because of it? Feet pain is a very common form of pain affecting people of different age groups. This type of pain may occur anywhere in the foot such as the heel, toe, sole, arch or ankle. Several factors like old age, wearing defective shoe, certain fractures, mineral deficiency, diabetes and other conditions lead to feet pain.

Here are some tips you should follow to get the feet pain under control:

  1. Hot and cold water therapy: Hot and cold water therapy is quite effective in treating feet pain. The hot water treatment promotes blood flow while the cold water treatment reduces inflammation. Fill a bucket with cold water and another one with hot water. Dip your feet in hot water for three minutes and then dip it in cold water. Repeat this process three to four times and end with a cold water dip. You can also opt for a heat pad and ice pack, to be used alternately.
  2. Epsom salt: Epsom salt soothes the feet and gives instant relief from several types of feet pain. Epsom salt is made of magnesium and helps in relaxing the feet by reducing pain. Add three spoons of Epsom salt in a warm water tub and soak your feet in it for at least 20 minutes.
  3. Ice: Ice therapy is very effective in reducing pain and swelling in the feet. Add crushed ice in a plastic bag and massage the affected area of your feet with it in a circular motion. A bag of frozen vegetables in a plastic bag can be used as well. The cold temperature numbs the nerve endings in the affected area, thereby giving relief. Swelling is also reduced because of this.
  4. Footwear modifications: Footwear modifications make a huge difference in the pain. You may need custom made footwear or sometimes ready made insoles. Regular stretches of the foot and calf muscles are also helpful.

Feet pain can also be treated by medications of several types prescribed by a doctor. However, the natural remedies are quite effective as they do not cause any side effect or extra risk to the body. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4840 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am not diabetic nor having thyroid. But from the past 5 days having pain and burning sensation in hands and feet also muscles twitching. I have vitamin d deficiency. Is it the reason for burning and pain? Is Vitamin D responsible for this? I am really worried. Please tell me. Is it just because of vitamin deficiency? When will it recover? My all tests are normal. Taking neugaba er 75 and vitamin d and e. When vitamin deficiency will get over? Burning sensation in feet remain for lifetime?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Certificate Course In Evidence Based Diabetes Management, Certificate Course In Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetologist, Sri Ganganagar
This is called Burning feet syndrome. This is due to multiple defficiancy of vitamins& not due to Vit D defficiancy alone. Continue with same medicines for at least one month.
1 person found this helpful

My feet aches almost all the time and if someone massages it (like as in foot reflexology) it feels really good for some time and then back to aching feet. What could be the reason for this and what is the treatment?

BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Bangalore
There are very good physiotherapy methods available to treat it properly and keep your feet under warm water, try to reduce your weight and if you are having flat feet, go for proper modified foot wear and minimise standing for long hours.
1 person found this helpful

I am 39 years old I have pain in my ankles if I sit for sometime or in morning if I want to get up I can't stand for some moments I also feel some changes in my way of walking .what is the problem and solution.

MPT, BPT
Physiotherapist, Noida
Take frequent Breaks at work. Core Strengthening Exercises. Use cervical pillow. Use Back Support. Self Massage the back of neck.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know More About Chest Pain
Causes of Chest pain
Play video
Chronic Pain
Pain management for Chronic Pain
Play video
Joint Pain
Ayurvedic treatment for joint pain and arthritis.
Play video
Disk Pain
Hi I am Dr. Kirti Yadav, senior physiotherapist from Mat-Harbor family clinic, Gurgaon.
Today I want to talk about a very common problem which every one, if we count about the population 100% then 70% of people they talk about Disk pain. So I want to enlighten this topic today. If there is a normal pain and ache in your neck or back you go to a doctor and the doctor assess you and tells you to get an MRI done. Whenever you get an MRI done there is some level of disk involvement and the doctor ask you to take rest, not to do exercise and all those things and then just being fear of disk pain you don t exercise for the rest of your life.

So just to come onto that area, just to enlighten this topic, as a physiotherapist I want to tell you about the fact. Disk pain, YES it happens but it happens in 20% of the cases. The rest 50% of the cases have been misdiagnose, they take disk pain and they don t do exercise all of their life. Now we don t exercise, we don t strengthen up our muscle that is the problem that we get these pains and aches and the muscle is being stretched which is counted to be as the disk pain. Now when we talk about this, when you get an MRI done even today if I get my MRI done I will have some level of disk involvement whether the disk is causing you pain or not that is more important. The nature of pain tells you about the disk involvement.

So if you have tingling sharp shooting burning kind of pain which travels through a nerve, which travels through area, it dignifies, it signifies the disk pain. But if you have a localized dull, aching kind of pain please don t take it as a disk pain and don t take it as a nerve pain. So just coming to the treatment part. About 50% of the people who don t have disk pain, who says we have cervical spondylitis but they don t have cervical spondylitis they have trapezius muscle involvement. In that case what we do please strengthen up your trapezius muscle, please strengthen up your shoulder muscle so that you don t have these pains and aches again and again. Why this happens? This happens because of repetitive strain injuries that happens because of more of computer use more of mobile use, texting and other sedentary live cells which we are going in. So the ultimate solution for pains and aches muscular is strengthening the particular part.

If you want to know more about this, if you want to talk more about it you can contact me through Lybrate.
Play video
Shoulder Pain
Here are a Causes, Symptoms, and treatment of Shoulder Pain
Hello, everybody. I am Dr. Ashish Acharya specialist, and sports medicine specialist at Sir Gangaram Hospital, New Delhi. Today I am going to speak on shoulder pain.

Shoulder pain is one of the very common complaints being faced by the general masses. If you don t have an injury and still you have pain, the usual cause of shoulder pain is weakness in your muscles around the shoulder or imbalance in them which can easily be treated with certain specific medications or exercises very specific to the shoulder being conducted under the supervision of the shoulder specialist and being supervised by the shoulder surgeon. Now coming to a group of people who only complain of neck pain. Shoulder pain can and definitely in some cases present only as neck pain. Hence it is most commonly misdiagnosed as the cervical cause of pain rather than a shoulder as the main cause of the pain.

If you have neck pain persisting in spite of medications and exercise and physiotherapy and precautions being prescribed by your doctor then you should consult shoulder specialist near your area so that he can distinguish the root cause of your pain and can advise you certain specific shoulder rehab and certain specific medications which will then get rid of your the pain in the neck which is actually originating from your shoulder. I would like to emphasize that group of people who have sugar or diabetes patients. They are more prone to shoulder pain or stiffness than the general public. So they should keep their sugar level strictly under control and keep exercising for their shoulder with simple exercises like shoulder wheel or the pulley exercise which are available commonly in all the parks around your living place.

If you still have pain or persistent stiffness or decrease in movement of your shoulder in spite of regular exercise then you should consult with the doctor or the shoulder specialist near your place so that he will then give you proper medications and some other specific exercises which will get rid of your pain rather than neglecting that pain and coming to the specialist in the last stage when you have a completely stiff shoulder and we have to intervene surgical methods are advised for you.

Patients who are having shoulder dislocations should consult with proper orthopedic surgeons or a shoulder specialist even after two or three or four dislocations. As at this stage they can be managed arthroscopically minimally invasive procedure so that it will be successful at this stage but if you wait when you have 20 or 30 dislocations you are actually eroding your bone which will vacant an open, bigger, bony procedure which has a longer rehab period and which is completely avoidable if you would have come earlier after second, third or fourth dislocation.

If you have any other further queries or if you need to consult with me, then consult me through Lybrate website.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice