According to the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) a professional dental cleaning done at least twice every year can assure you of healthy oral condition. A practice of healthy oral hygiene with proper brushing and flossing help you get a comfortable cleaning experience. Sensitivity and discomfort during dental cleaning is experienced when there is lack of oral hygiene. Before the cleaning process is started a thorough physical exam of the teeth and gums for inflamed gums (gingivitis) is done by your dentist. After this plaque and tartar around the gum line are removed. Thereafter, cleaning with a gritty tooth paste is carried out which follows expert flossing of teeth which cleanses out any trouble spot in your mouth. Then you are made to rinse your mouth and finally fluoride application treatment is done. So, it is advisable for people to go for routine professional dental cleaning sessions to prevent any related issue in advance and maintain good health of teeth and gums. The cleaning is done with specialised instruments which are thoroughly cleaned, disinfected and sterilized to ensure quality and safety. This regular teeth cleaning is mainly a painless activity, but in case you start experiencing pain, your dentist can apply other options of cleaning. Hence, professional teeth cleaning is not just for enhanced appearances but also important for avoiding periodontal diseases and upholding proper tooth health. Diseases like periodontitis can be treated by dental scaling which is a common non-surgical method which involves cleaning of oral areas below the gum line. The method is used to remove the sticky, bacteria filled plaque below the gum line. The treatment normally does not cause any discomfort or pain and can be completed in a single visit to the dentist.
To get a dental cleaning done the first step is a physical examination of your teeth and gums by a dental hygienist. A small mirror or camera is used to examine around the teeth and gums for any infection due to deposition of plaque or scales. The second step involves removal of place and scales or tartar that deposit around the gum line and between the teeth as well. Scaling can be done using either hand-held instruments or with ultrasonic instruments. Hand-held instruments like a dental scaler and curette are used by the dentist to remove the plaque manually by identifying areas of rough spots and tartar build-up. Ultrasonic instrument is a little more advanced in cleaning the teeth wherein it uses a vibrating metal tip to remove the tartar and wash the debris away by spraying water on it. After scaling has been done, the teeth are cleaned using a gritty toothpaste. This toothpaste is a regular one having a gritty consistency that can be scrubbed on your teeth using a high-powered electric brush. This procedure is helps in getting a really deep clean and remove any plaque or tartar. An expert flossing session is the perfect one for getting a deep cleaning of your teeth. Following this, the dentist will provide you with a rinse containing liquid fluoride for washing out all the debris out of the mouth. The last step of the cleaning process is fluoride application wherein a foamy gel containing fluoride is placed into a mouthpiece which is put on the teeth and left for a minute. With a small brush, the teeth are then painted with fluoride varnish which quickly hardens on coming in contact with saliva to give a polished look.
Dental cleaning does not call for any specific group of people. In fact it is recommended for everybody as a routine oral health care practice.
People with untreated periodontitis are not eligible for dental cleaning. So, the gum disease needs to be treated first before going in for a cleaning procedure.
Common side-effects of profession dental cleaning include sensitivity to heat or cold, bleeding and sore gums, bacterial infection and tooth pain and discomfort. Bleeding gums can open up the gum area for infection. So, bacterial infection and other chronic infections are also susceptible to occur after dental cleaning. Some more complication that can result after dental cleaning are as follows: (1) if scaling is done inadequately, it increases the chance of loosening or even losing some teeth, also raising concern for diabetic and cardio patients. (2) Gum or periodontal disease can also be triggered in case of an improper teeth scaling. (3) Due to teeth scaling, the gums may get swollen and become tender, teeth also become sensitive and the roots can get exposed that results in bleeding of the gums.
After you have you dental cleaning done, following through the teen cleaning practice is a must for maintaining a healthy oral hygiene and preventing future gum disease. So, you must brush and floss your teeth regularly after each meal, eat more vegetables and make sure food particles do not keep sticking your teeth and a dentist appointment every 3 months in case of a gum disease, or 6 months in case of regular maintenance of dental health. A proper dental care at home is always essential. Every time you consume sugar or something sweet, chance of bacterial growth increases. So, excess sugar consumption must be checked and flossing must be done as a healthy habit to get rid of any debris in your mouth.
Dental cleaning is hardly a tedious treatment to require long recovery time. So, the results are spontaneous because the cleaned up teeth are visible as soon as the cleaning is over.
The cost of scaling or dental cleaning in India ranges from about Rs. 300 to Rs. 3000, including consultation fees and ultrasonic cleaning methods.
You cannot say that the results of dental cleaning will be permanent and stay throughout your life. It is a healthy maintenance process that must be practiced at least twice a year with proper maintenance, regular brushing and flossing at home.
Alternatives to scaling of teeth can be practice of maintaining proper oral or dental health at home. This may just lessen your visit to the dentist for getting a professional teeth cleaning done.
Rs. 500 to Rs. 3000
Bad breath medically called halitosis can result from poor dental health habits and may be a sign of other health problems. Bad breath can also be made worse by the types of foods you eat and other unhealthy lifestyle habits.
Tips to stay away from bad breath-
You may think that you need a routine health check-up every 6 months but some patients may require a more frequent check-up depending on person to person.
What happens during a dental check-up?
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is a highly common infection of the periodontal tissues (gums and bone) that are responsible for supporting the teeth. These infections are caused by bacteria that grow on the teeth near the gum line due to poor brushing and flossing practices. Periodontal disease is known as gingivitis during its earliest stages, which is typically characterized by a sore, swollen gums that may bleed easily. Allowed to progress, an advanced periodontal disease may set in causing pain, receding gums and pockets between the gums and teeth. Known as periodontitis, this type of periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults even more so than decay.
Did you know?
Periodontal disease has been associated with a number of risk factors aside from poor brushing and flossing habits. In fact, the risk of developing gingivitis or periodontitis increases if you have a systemic disease like heart disease, as well as conditions like diabetes and aids. Other factors that may contribute to the development of periodontal disease include stress, genetics, crowded teeth, faulty dental restorations, and the use of certain medications that may cause dry mouth. According to the centers for disease control, women are also at an increased risk for periodontal disease when they are undergoing hormonal changes, such as with menopause or pregnancy.
Frequently asked questions
Do I have periodontal disease?
You may have gingivitis or periodontitis if you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above. However, the only way of knowing for sure whether you have a periodontal disease is via a professional dental exam. Keep in mind that you may have periodontal disease and be asymptomatic; so be sure to visit your dentist for a thorough exam and cleaning at least twice per year.
What will my dentist do if I am diagnosed with periodontal disease?
Your treatment will depend on whether you are diagnosed with gingivitis or periodontitis. Minor cases of periodontal disease are usually treated with a thorough cleaning and topical antibiotic. If, however, your periodontal tissues have begun to deteriorate and your gums have begun pulling away from your teeth, you may require a more complex treatment, such as flap surgery or bone and gum grafting.
Will I need to do anything to prevent periodontal disease from returning?
Yes. Periodontal disease can reoccur especially if you do not make any changes to your brushing and flossing habits. By brushing after every meal, flossing once daily, avoiding tobacco, and getting frequent professional dental cleanings, you could help prevent periodontal disease from returning in the future.
Teeth cleaning is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease. People routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and interdental cleaning, and dental hygienists can remove hardened deposits (tartar) not removed by routine cleaning. Those with dentures and natural teeth may supplement their cleaning with a denture cleaner.
Careful and frequent brushing with a toothbrush helps to prevent build-up of plaque bacteria on the teeth. Electric toothbrushes were developed, and initially recommended for people with strength or dexterity problems in their hands, but they have come into widespread general use. The effectiveness of electric toothbrushes at reducing plaque formation and gingivitis is superior for reducing plaque and gingivitis to that of conventional manual toothbrushes
In addition to brushing, cleaning between teeth may help to prevent build-up of plaque bacteria on the teeth. This may be done with dental floss or interdental brushes.
80% of cavities occur in the grooves, or pits and fissures, of the chewing surfaces of the teeth, however, there is no evidence currently showing that normal at-home flossing reduces the risk of cavities in these areas.
Special appliances or tools may be used to supplement toothbrushing and interdental cleaning. These include special toothpicks, oral irrigators, and other devices. A 2015 Cochrane review found insufficient evidence to determine whether the interdental brushing decreases the levels of plaque when compared to flossing.
Teeth can be cleaned by scrubbing with a twig instead of a toothbrush. Plant sap in the twig takes the place of toothpaste. In many parts of the world teeth cleaning twigs are used. In the Muslim world the miswak or siwak is made from twigs or roots that are said to have an antiseptic effect when used for cleaning teeth.
Professional teeth cleaning
Dental hygienist polishing a person's teeth
Teeth cleaning (also known as prophylaxis, literally a preventive treatment of a disease) is a procedure for the removal of tartar(mineralized plaque) that may develop even with careful brushing and flossing, especially in areas that are difficult to reach in routine toothbrushing. It is often done by a dental hygienist. Professional cleaning includes tooth scaling and tooth polishing and debridement if too much tartar has accumulated. This involves the use of various instruments or devices to loosen and remove deposits from the teeth.
As to the frequency of cleaning, research on this matter is inconclusive. That is, it has neither been shown that more frequent cleaning leads to better outcomes nor that it does not. A review of the research literature on the question concluded "[t]he research evidence is not of sufficient quality to reach any conclusions regarding the beneficial and adverse effects of routine scaling and polishing for periodontal health and regarding the effects of providing this intervention at different time intervals". Thus, any general recommendation for a frequency of routine cleaning (e.g. every six months, every year) has no empirical basis. Moreover, as economists have pointed out, private dentists (or other dental professionals) have an economic incentive to recommend frequent cleaning, because it increases their revenues.
Most dental hygienists recommend having the teeth professionally cleaned every six months. More frequent cleaning and examination may be necessary during treatment of dental and other oral disorders. Routine examination of the teeth is recommended at least every year. This may include yearly, select dental X-rays. See also dental plaque identification procedure and removal.
Good oral hygiene helps to prevent cavities, tartar build-up, and gum disease.
Overly vigorous or incorrectly performed brushing or flossing may cause injury to the gingiva (gums). Improper or over-vigorous brushing may cause sore gums, damage to tooth enamel, gingivitis, and bleeding gums. Dentists and dental hygienists can instruct and demonstrate proper brushing or flossing techniques.
Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease which occurs because of the inflammation of the gums. It can easily be reversed with daily brushing and flossing and getting dental cleaning done regularly.