Periodontitis is associated with gum problems and it is a very common condition. In this condition you might suffer from gum inflammation, soft gums and gum bleeding too. These signs might also lead you to lose teeth if it is left unrecognized or untreated. This is why it is always advised to take care of your gums. This type of gum disease is caused due to the sticky colorless plaque that is formed on the covering of your teeth. These plaques which are accumulated form a disease called “tartar” as well. There are many diseases associated with this condition. In this condition the gums pull away from your teeth and the plaque grows below the gum line. These bacteria cause gum infections and start to break down the connective tissues in your gums which hold your teeth in one place. Gradually if the condition worsens then the gum becomes too lose and the teeth may have to be removed. The infected tooth also spreads infection to its surroundings and may infect the other teeth as well. The other common symptoms of this condition are that your bad breath would not go away easily and you might also see red and swollen gums. The gums might bleed when brushing and the teeth start to become loose. You might also face sensitivity in your infected tooth.
The main goal of the treatment procedure of this condition is to remove the infection that has spread all over your gums. The doctor would suggest some basic measures such as change in certain behavioral habits like quit smoking and to keep good care at home too. One of the most common forms of treatment procedure for this condition is the deep cleansing, scaling and root planning. This procedure helps to get rid of the rough spots that you have and scraping of the tartar from different parts of the gum. This procedure helps to get rid of the bacteria present in your gums. In some cases a laser procedure might be used to remove the tartar from your gums. This procedure helps to prevent bleeding gums, swelling and other problems that you might face. There are certain surgical treatments which ensure better cleaning of the gums. The surgery involves lifting the gums and thus removing the tartar. After the surgery the gums are then stunted back to its original place and this also helps the gum to fit tightly around the teeth. Tissue grafts are also sometimes used to improve connective tissue regeneration which reduces the softness of the gums.
If you are facing with gum problems such as bleeding gums, loosened teeth and sensitive teeth you should call your doctor right away. If you see your gums are swollen and they are also bleeding while you brush then you might be affected with Periodontitis.
Various gum problems have similar symptoms so you need to take tests and consult your medical expert to seek help. The symptoms of this condition are similar to that of gingintivitis. Therefore if you have some other gum problem then you are not eligible for the treatment for periodontitis.
The side effects of this condition are certain hormonal changes in girls/women which make the gums more sensitive and making it easier to cause plaque and tartar. If you are also a diabetic patient, then chances are that you are more prone to being infected by periodontitis therefore you should take proper care of your gum and teeth. There might be some side effects to the medications that you are provided with as sometimes it might lead to overgrowth of gum tissue which make it difficult for the gums and teeth clean.
The post treatment guidelines are as important as the treatment procedure itself. The post treatment guidelines are that you quit smoking and brush after every meal for a month in order to keep your gums and teeth tartar and plaque free. You are to use medicinal toothpaste that contain antibiotic gels to kill the bacteria present in your teeth and gums. If you have a surgery then apply the medications which go hand in hand with scaling and root planning as advised by your medical expert.
The recovery time is usually very low. If you follow the medications and take proper care of your teeth and gums you should be fit in a week or so.
The surgery costs around Rs. 6,000 to Rs. 8,000 and the medications range from Rs. 500 to Rs. 1,500.
The results of the treatment procedure are only permanent if you take proper care of your gum and teeth 24*7. If you fail to keep up your gums and teeth clean then the symptoms of this condition would arise again.