Periodontitis is associated with gum problems and it is a very common condition. In this condition you might suffer from gum inflammation, soft gums and gum bleeding too. These signs might also lead you to lose teeth if it is left unrecognized or untreated. This is why it is always advised to take care of your gums. This type of gum disease is caused due to the sticky colorless plaque that is formed on the covering of your teeth. These plaques which are accumulated form a disease called “tartar” as well. There are many diseases associated with this condition. In this condition the gums pull away from your teeth and the plaque grows below the gum line. These bacteria cause gum infections and start to break down the connective tissues in your gums which hold your teeth in one place. Gradually if the condition worsens then the gum becomes too lose and the teeth may have to be removed. The infected tooth also spreads infection to its surroundings and may infect the other teeth as well. The other common symptoms of this condition are that your bad breath would not go away easily and you might also see red and swollen gums. The gums might bleed when brushing and the teeth start to become loose. You might also face sensitivity in your infected tooth.
The main goal of the treatment procedure of this condition is to remove the infection that has spread all over your gums. The doctor would suggest some basic measures such as change in certain behavioral habits like quit smoking and to keep good care at home too. One of the most common forms of treatment procedure for this condition is the deep cleansing, scaling and root planning. This procedure helps to get rid of the rough spots that you have and scraping of the tartar from different parts of the gum. This procedure helps to get rid of the bacteria present in your gums. In some cases a laser procedure might be used to remove the tartar from your gums. This procedure helps to prevent bleeding gums, swelling and other problems that you might face. There are certain surgical treatments which ensure better cleaning of the gums. The surgery involves lifting the gums and thus removing the tartar. After the surgery the gums are then stunted back to its original place and this also helps the gum to fit tightly around the teeth. Tissue grafts are also sometimes used to improve connective tissue regeneration which reduces the softness of the gums.
If you are facing with gum problems such as bleeding gums, loosened teeth and sensitive teeth you should call your doctor right away. If you see your gums are swollen and they are also bleeding while you brush then you might be affected with Periodontitis.
Various gum problems have similar symptoms so you need to take tests and consult your medical expert to seek help. The symptoms of this condition are similar to that of gingintivitis. Therefore if you have some other gum problem then you are not eligible for the treatment for periodontitis.
The side effects of this condition are certain hormonal changes in girls/women which make the gums more sensitive and making it easier to cause plaque and tartar. If you are also a diabetic patient, then chances are that you are more prone to being infected by periodontitis therefore you should take proper care of your gum and teeth. There might be some side effects to the medications that you are provided with as sometimes it might lead to overgrowth of gum tissue which make it difficult for the gums and teeth clean.
The post treatment guidelines are as important as the treatment procedure itself. The post treatment guidelines are that you quit smoking and brush after every meal for a month in order to keep your gums and teeth tartar and plaque free. You are to use medicinal toothpaste that contain antibiotic gels to kill the bacteria present in your teeth and gums. If you have a surgery then apply the medications which go hand in hand with scaling and root planning as advised by your medical expert.
The recovery time is usually very low. If you follow the medications and take proper care of your teeth and gums you should be fit in a week or so.
The surgery costs around Rs. 6,000 to Rs. 8,000 and the medications range from Rs. 500 to Rs. 1,500.
The results of the treatment procedure are only permanent if you take proper care of your gum and teeth 24*7. If you fail to keep up your gums and teeth clean then the symptoms of this condition would arise again.
Rs. 500 to Rs. 8,000
Many adults suffer from Periodontal disease, which may result in slight swelling of the gums or something more severe as grave damage to the bone and tissue, which holds on to the teeth. After the onset of Periodontal disease, dental care is essential as it will determine the progress of the condition.
What are some of the causes of Periodontal disease?
1. Smoking is one of the main causes of gum diseases. Moreover, it also reduces chances of effective treatment.
2. Hormonal changes in women make the gums increasingly sensitive; as a result they become more susceptible to the onset of gingivitis.
3. Diabetic patients are more likely to develop infection of the gums.
4. The ongoing treatment for serious medical conditions like AIDs and cancer can also cause Periodontal Disease.
5. Genetics also plays an essential role in the onset of gums diseases.
In case these symptoms are experienced, a dentist should be immediately consulted.
How is Periodontal disease treated?
1. The most effective way of treating Periodontal disease, is by controlling the progression of the condition. The type of treatment generally depends on the extent of the disease.
2. Generally the doctor begins treatment by cleaning out the plaque, through a process called scaling and root planing. Scaling gets rid of the tartar from the gums and root planing removes rough spots from the root of the tooth, where bacteria generally accumulate and breed. Sometimes, a laser is also used for the same.
3. After the cleaning is done, certain medicines are recommended and the doctor recommends strict oral care.
4. If the diseases continue to worsen, a surgical treatment may be recommended.
5. Some surgical treatments include flap surgery and bone and tissue grafts.
Unlike tooth decay, which often causes discomfort, it is possible to have periodontal diseases without noticeable symptoms. That is why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important. Several warning signs can signal a problem. While periodontal disease may begin slowly for some patients. Others may develop a rapidly slowly for some patients, others may develop a rapidly progressive form of the disease. If you notice any of the following:
1. Gums that bleed easily
2. Red, swollen, or tender gums.
3. Gums that have pulled away from your teeth.
4. Persistent bad breath.
5. Pus between the teeth and gums.
6. Looser or separating teeth.
7. A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
8. A change in the fit of partial dentures.
The mouth is filled with countless bacteria. Periodontal disease begins when certain bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on the teeth and the surfaces lining the mouth) produce toxins and enzymes that irritate the gums and cause inflammation. The resulting inflammation, which may be painless, can damage the attachment of the gums and bone to the tooth.
Good oral hygiene-brushing twice a day and flossing or using another interdental cleaner once a day-helps reduce the plaque film. Plaque that is not removed regularly can harden into rough porous deposits called calculus, or tartar. Tartar is not the main cause of periodontal diseases, but the pores in tartar hold bacteria and toxins, which are impossible to remove even with regular brushing. Once the hardened tartar forms, it can only be removed when teeth are cleaned professionally at the dental office.
The gums are also called the periodontium - perio for around and dontium for tooth as the gums are literally present "around the tooth." There is a softer mucosal portion that runs along the tooth in a curved manner and a stronger fibrous portion that connects the tooth to the jaw bone. Together, they provide the structural support for the tooth to be held in place. In addition they also have an esthetic value with the healthy pink color.
The mouth has the largest number of bacteria in the body, which act on the food debris that is present on the tooth and the gums. This causes infection in both the gums and the tooth.
Types: Periodontal disease can be localized or general.
Symptoms: In both the cases, the following symptoms ensue:
The best way to avoid periodontal disease is to know its symptoms, follow oral hygiene practices, and visit a dentist regularly.