A brain tumor surgery is often the primary treatment suggested by doctors for removing tumors from the brain without causing any serious damage. Non-cancerous tumors are mostly treated with a brain tumor surgery. There are different types of surgeries that can be performed for treating a brain tumor. It depends on the condition of the patient. The most common form of procedure for removing a brain tumor is craniotomy. In this process, a piece of bone is removed for exposing the area of the brain over your tumor. The outermost layer of your brain tissue will then be opened; the tumor will be located and then removed. The bone will be replaced after that and the scalp is stitched back.
A brain tumor surgery may be required in the following circumstances:
There are certain pre-procedure guidelines that need to be followed before undergoing a brain tumor surgery:
There are several procedures that your surgeon can use for a brain tumor surgery, depending on your condition:
Once the surgery is performed; you will be shifted to the ICU where your vital signs will be closely monitored. An MRI will be conducted shortly after the procedure to make sure the tumor has been removed completely. Initially, you are laid down in a raised position to prevent your face and brain from swelling. You may have to stay in the hospital for a week or more. It depends on how well you recover from the surgery. After the surgery, you have to come for follow-up appointments in three months. Several tests will be conducted to analyse the progress of your recovery. Often, there are therapists to help you perform your daily activities like walking or dressing up and help you regain your strength and balance.
A brain tumor surgery is a major operation and may have the following risks or complications:
Most of the tumor will be removed from your brain post a surgery, but there are chances of a few portions of it to still remain in the brain. You may require radiation or chemotherapy sessions for destroying those remaining parts. Make sure to attend all the examinations as scheduled by your doctor and take all the medications timely. You may also require some home therapy or visit a rehabilitation therapy for regaining some skills. However, you may have to stop practising sports like boxing and rugby. Also, it is advised to plan for pregnancy after 6 months or more post-surgery.
The cost of brain tumor surgery would be approximately Rs. 1,50,000 – Rs. 2,00,000.