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Overview

Parot 40 MG Tablet

Manufacturer: Zeus Pharma
Medicine composition: Paroxetine
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Parot 40 MG Tablet is an antidepressant that is used in the treatment of various mental disorders such as OCD, depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The Brisdelle brand of Parot 40 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of hot flashes and night sweats that comes from menopause. It is sold under the trade names Paxil and Seroxat.

On using Parot 40 MG Tablet the common side effects that you may experience are dryness of the mouth, reduced appetite, drowsiness, insomnia, problems with ejaculation, agitation, chest pain, skin rash, difficulty in breathing, lightheadedness, dizziness, fast or irregular heartbeat, fever, restlessness, speech problems, blurred vision, acidity, abdominal pain, cough, darkening of the urine and shakiness. Notify your doctor immediately if you have suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, coordination issues and convulsion. Before using this medicine, tell your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:

  • If you are pregnant, or are planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding a baby.
  • If you have low sodium levels.
  • If you have a history of seizures or epilepsy.
  • If you have a history of glaucoma.
  • If you have liver, heart or kidney diseases.
  • If you are taking any prescriptive or over the counter drugs, herbal medications or dietary supplements. As interaction with certain drugs especially anti-inflammatory ones such as NSAID may cause certain harmful reactions.

The dosage for Parot 40 MG Tablet will be prescribed by your doctor as per your medical history, age, gender, the current medical condition and what reactions you have after the first course of medicine. Parot 40 MG Tablet is available in both tablet and liquid form. Generally the usual dose in adults is about 20 mg (tablet/suspension) orally once in a day.

This medicine is used for the treatment of acute episodes of depression associated with chemical imbalance in the brain.
Social Anxiety Disorder
This medicine is used for the treatment of a mental condition characterized by an abnormal fear during normal social situations.
Panic disorder
This medicine is used for the treatment of panic disorder and associated symptoms like overwhelming anxiety and fear coupled with increased heart rate, trembling, numbness and tingling sensation.
This medicine is used to treat depression, tension, and irritability occurring 5-11 days before the start of a menstrual cycle.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
This medicine is used for the treatment of a disorder where a person is driven to do compulsive tasks caused by obsessive thoughts.
This medicine is used for the treatment of anxiety, sleeplessness and other behavioral changes after experiencing or witnessing a terrifying event.
Generalized anxiety disorder
This medicine is used for the treatment of general anxiety caused due to excessive thinking about life, work, relationships etc.
Postmenopausal symptoms
This medicine is used to treat symptoms like anxiety, mood swings, fear etc associated with menopause in women.
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI)
This medicine is not recommended for use while a MAOI medicine (Rasagiline/Selegiline/methylene blue etc.) is being consumed. This medicine should be consumed at least 14 days after stopping the use of MAOI medicines.
Thioridazine
This medicine is not recommended for use if the patient is taking Thioridazine (medicine used to treat schizophrenia).
Pimozide
This medicine is not recommended for use if the patient is taking Pimozide (anti psychotic medicine).
This medicine is not recommended for use if you a known history of allergy to Parot 40 MG Tablet or any other ingredient present with it.
In addition to its intended effect, Parot 40 MG Tablet may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Suicidal thinking and behaviour Major Less Common
Serotonin syndrome (agitation, hallucinations, seizures, nausea) Major Less Common
Irregular heartbeat Major Rare
Shaking of the hands or feet Major Less Common
Dizziness when getting up suddenly from a sitting position Moderate Less Common
Chills or cold sweats Major Rare
Blurred vision Moderate Rare
Nausea and Vomiting Moderate Common
Dry mouth and lips Moderate Common
Constipation Moderate Common
Muscle stiffness Moderate Less Common
Decreased sexual urge Moderate Less Common
Difficulty in passing urine Moderate Common
Rapid weight gain/loss Minor Less Common
Photosensitivity Minor Less Common
Unusual bleeding or bruising Moderate Less Common
Racing thoughts Moderate Common
Reckless behavior Moderate Rare
Unusual tiredness and weakness Minor Less Common
How long is the duration of effect?
The time for which this medicine remains effective in the body is not clearly established. Dosing, duration and the condition for which this medicine is given determine the effective time duration.
What is the onset of action?
The effect of this medicine is cumulative and may take months to show. It varies depending on the intended use and the dosing.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Use of this medicine by pregnant women is not recommended as the risk of adverse effect on the fetus is very high. Consult your doctor if you are pregnant or are planning a pregnancy while taking this medicine.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Use of this medicine by breastfeeding women is not recommended unless necessary. If necessary, your doctor may advise you to stop breastfeeding before treatment with this medicine is initiated.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Parot 40 MG Tablet, and hence can be used as its substitute.
Ipca Laboratories Pvt Ltd.
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Zydus Cadila
Missed Dose instructions
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If the next scheduled dose is less than 4 hours away, then the missed dose should be skipped.
Overdose instructions
Contact a doctor immediately if an overdose with this medicine is suspected. Symptoms of an overdose may include agitation, hallucinations, convulsions, nausea, drowsiness, fast or slow heartbeat, and convulsions.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Kidney Disease Moderate
This medicine should be used with caution in patients with an impaired kidney function. Suitable dose adjustments should be made based on the serum creatinine levels for moderate to severe impairment.
Glaucoma Moderate
This medicine should be used with caution in patients having narrow-angle glaucoma. The symptoms of the disease might worsen if this medicine is used in such patients.
Hypertension Moderate
This medicine may cause an increase in the blood pressure levels and hence should be used with caution in patients with hypertension. The blood pressure level should be constantly monitored before and during the course of treatment.
Liver Disease Moderate
This medicine should be used with caution in patients with an impaired liver function. Suitable dose adjustments should be made based on the severity of impairment.
Interaction with Alcohol
Ethanol Moderate
Avoid or limit the uptake of alcohol while using this medicine. It is advised to refrain from driving vehicles and operating heavy machinery while using this medicine.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Linezolid Major
Report the use of either of the medicines to the doctor. There must be a sufficient time gap between the use of these medicines. Your doctor may determine the best course of treatment after accessing the condition.
Lithium Major
Report the use of either of the medicines to the doctor. The risk of adverse effects is significantly high when these medicines are used together. Your doctor may determine the best course of treatment after accessing the condition.
Ondansetron Major
Report the use of either of the medicines to the doctor. The risk of adverse effects is significantly high when these medicines are used together. Your doctor may determine the best course of treatment after accessing the condition.
Sertraline Major
Report the use of either of the medicines to the doctor. The risk of adverse effects is significantly high when these medicines are used together. Your doctor may determine the best course of treatment after accessing the condition.
Warfarin Moderate
Report the use of Warfarin or other anticoagulants to the doctor before receiving paroxetine. The risk of adverse effects is significantly high in the elderly and patients with kidney or liver diseases. Your doctor may determine the best course of treatment after accessing the condition.
Aspirin Moderate
Report the use of Aspirin or other NSAIDs to the doctor before receiving paroxetine. The risk of adverse effects is significantly high in the elderly and patients with kidney or liver diseases. Your doctor may determine the best course of treatment after accessing the condition.
Methylene blue Major
Report the use of either of the medicines to the doctor. There must be a sufficient time gap between the use of these medicines. Your doctor may determine the best course of treatment after accessing the condition.
Indinavir Major
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. You may need a dose adjustment and more frequent clinical monitoring to safely use them together.
Sumatriptan Moderate
Report the use of either of the medicines to the doctor. The risk of adverse effects is significantly high when these medicines are used together. Your doctor may determine the best course of treatment after accessing the condition.
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

I was initially prescribed prozac and after a few months of taking it, I felt better and started improving. I had improved by 40-50%. But I became fat and when I told this to my doc, he told me to switch To zoloft starting from 25 mg, till 200 mg. But it only made my depression come back and ruin my digestive system. He wanted to try combination, So he added Effexor and increased till 225 mg. But all I got was heart palpitations and headaches. Since my IBS was getting worse, he reduced zoloft gradually but continued at 50 mg. Later, I confessed to my doctor that Prozac worked better than these two pills. So he added prozac too along with it upto 80 mg. I took these three meds together for a few months and had serious headaches, high BP, palpitations.(betacap was prescribed twice a day for heart issues). Since betacap could only help partially, he added Paroxetine CR 12.5 mg to 25 mg. Now I feel I'm taking too many antidepressants. Should I change the doctor? Am I going in the right path?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Hyderabad
I was initially prescribed prozac and after a few months of taking it, I felt better and started improving. I had imp...
More is not merrier ,it can be messier too, all medications you mentioned are SSRIs and effexor is a SNRI which acts on the serotenergic system like other drugs, if prozac is working better that may be sufficient alone, ignoring tolerable side effects like weight gain for which medications and non pharmcological alternatives are available, Please discuss with your doctor (Psychiatrist)

Sir my sex timings last one year its very bad if I started sex with my wife my sperm come out with in 10 seconds please give some tips.

CCT (UK) General Psychiatry, MD-Psychiatry, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Sir my sex timings last one year its very bad if I started sex with my wife my sperm come out with in 10 seconds plea...
Thanks a lot for your query. I am really sorry to learn about your problem. Its very difficult to diagnose with such a brief history. In order to help you, we need to assess you in detail. All the best and happy New year. Premature ejaculation Premature ejaculation is the most common ejaculation problem. It's where the male ejaculates too quickly during sexual intercourse. A study looking at 500 couples from five different countries found the average time taken to ejaculate during intercourse was around five-and-a-half minutes. However, it's up to each couple to decide if they’re happy with the time taken – there’s no definition of how long sex should last. Occasional episodes of premature ejaculation are common and aren't a cause for concern. However, if you're finding that around half of your attempts at sex result in premature ejaculation, it might help to get treatment. Causes of premature ejaculation Various psychological and physical factors can cause a man to suddenly experience premature ejaculation. Common physical causes include: prostate problems thyroid problems – an overactive or underactive thyroid gland using recreational drugs Common psychological causes include: depression stress relationship problems anxiety about sexual performance (particularly at the start of a new relationship, or when a man has had previous problems with sexual performance) It's possible, but less common, for a man to have always experienced premature ejaculation since becoming sexually active. A number of possible causes for this are: Conditioning – it's possible that early sexual experiences can influence future sexual behaviour. For example, if a teenager conditions himself to ejaculate quickly to avoid being caught masturbating, it may later be difficult to break the habit. A traumatic sexual experience from childhood – this can range from being caught masturbating to sexual abuse. A strict upbringing and beliefs about sex. Biological reasons – some men may find their penis is extra sensitive. Treating premature ejaculation There are a number of things you can try yourself before seeking medical help. Measures you can try yourself It can sometimes help to: masturbate an hour or two before having sex use a thick condom to help decrease sensation take a deep breath to briefly shut down the ejaculatory reflex (an automatic reflex of the body during which ejaculation occurs) have sex with your partner on top (to allow them to pull away when you are close to ejaculating) take breaks during sex and think about something boring Couples therapy If you're in a long-term relationship, you may benefit from having couples therapy. During these sessions, the therapist will: encourage couples to explore any relationship issues they have, and give them advice about resolving them show the couple techniques that can help you "unlearn" the habit of premature ejaculation (the two most popular techniques are the "squeeze" and "stop-go" techniques) In the squeeze technique, your partner masturbates you, but stops before the point of ejaculation and squeezes the head of your penis for between 10 to 20 seconds. They then let go and wait for another 30 seconds before resuming masturbation. This process is carried out several times before ejaculation is allowed to occur. The stop-go technique is similar, but your partner doesn’t squeeze your penis. Once you feel more confident about delaying ejaculation, you and your partner can begin to have sex, stopping and starting as required. These techniques may sound simple, but they require lots of practice. Antidepressants (SSRIs) Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are designed to treat depression, but they also delay ejaculation. SSRIs used for this purpose include: paroxetine sertraline fluoxetine Some men may experience an improvement as soon as treatment begins. However, you'll usually need to take the medication for one to two weeks before you notice the full effects. Side effects of SSRIs are usually mild and should improve after two to three weeks. They include: fatigue feeling sick and being sick diarrhoea excessive sweating Read more about the side effects of SSRIs. Topical anaesthetics and condoms The use of topical anaesthetics such as lidocaine or prilocaine can help but may be transferred and absorbed to the vagina, causing decreased sensation. Condoms can also be used and are effective, particularly when combined with local anaesthesia.
1 person found this helpful

I am 40 years old female suffering from insomnia for last 10 years and on antidepressants. It was on & off in between but for last 2 years I was it taking any medication & faced withdrawal symptoms. Now last year I tried Homeopathic Med also for 6mths & this February I again consulted my psychiatrist & he put me on paroxetine. After taking 4 days of this medicine I got swelling around Achilles’ tendon with pain so I stopped that medicine. But swelling persists & doc said it’s not because of medicine. He referred me to rheumatologist who told me for ultrasonic therapy. After one month of therapy the situation was same Psychiatrist change my medicine to buspirone & in turn sertraline but both medicines gave me severe pulsating feeling with anxiety. So I stopped those medicines after 3 -3 days respectively. Now I am taking Mirtazapine & clonazepam but I am experiencing pressure creating in my brain. After 2months of this medication now I am getting same tendon pain in my both wrist & both sides of my neck. I have checked all the test (X-Ray, MRI,Doppler ,NCT, nuclear bone scanning RA, CRP, CCP, ESR, VitD,VitB12.) I am really worried no doc & no test is able to diagnosed the problem & my problem is aggravating. I can’t stop medicine as I’m insomniac & if I continue the problem also aggravate I request if any doctor can give me genuine explanation because for last 8 months I hv consulted 100docs & wasted so much money but no use. I felt all docs are waiting for patients to write medicines & making money without any concern about patients health. Very sad situation in our country. I am really tired. If any doc can give me genuine suggestions with little concerned & interest in my problem. I will be thankful for my whole life. Please save me. Thanks.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I am 40 years old female suffering from insomnia for last 10 years and on antidepressants. It was on & off in between...
"for last 8 months I hv consulted 100docs & wasted so much money" this approach is wrong. You should consult only 2 doctors in whom you have trust one psychiatrist and another orthopaedic surgeon or rheumatologist and take treatment as per their advise.
2 people found this helpful

Hi I am 28 years old male with severe ed. All due to masturbation. Had porn addiction too. Currently stopped masturbation n porn. These days I'm experiencing severe ed, with zero libido. I am taking l arginine 5g with zinc 2.5 mg right now. It's has been almost week's time. Besides, I have been diagnosed with OCD with Major psychological sex disorder by psychiatrist. Doctor told me me that masturbation is a kind of OCD. Although I had a history of OCD. In my case it is recurring OCD. Now on antidepressants like paroxetine 12.5 mg, trifluoperazine 1 mg and chlordiazepoxide10 mg for 3 months of which almost 2 months are over. Anxiety, and depression is almost over now. My question is for ed and low libido, will L arginine help me in overcoming. I don't want to take vasodilators like Viagra etc. Besides how long does it take to reset libido. I tested my testosterone, FSH, LH, Prolactin etc they are all normal. I am not diabetic as well. I lost that urge that I had few months back, that I used to get started very quickly. Now I feel full with foggy mind. No interest in sex. Is L arginine 5g good for my ED.

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Ayurveda, Akola
Hi I am 28 years old male with severe ed. All due to masturbation. Had porn addiction too. Currently stopped masturba...
, Masturbation should not be done for more than twice in a week. Frankly speaking, there is no basic difference between masturbation and sexual intercourse. In both the cases orgasm occurs at the point of ejaculation of sperm due to continuous mechanical stimulation of the shaft of penis by rubbing. Now you may wonder why there is so much taboo about masturbation. Let’s take a inner view of the post-ejaculatory state of human body Just after ejaculation of sperm a sudden decrease in the amount of TESTOSTERONE hormone occurs. This TESTOSTERONE hormone plays an important role in metabolism & muscle growth. Daily Masturbation leads to a chronic decrease in the TESTOSTERONE production as a result of which the metabolism process of body becomes slow. This internal slow metabolism is externally manifested as muscle loss, weakness, fatigue etc. So, it is evident why masturbating too much is prohibited. It is often seen that if a person grows a habit of daily masturbation from young age his blood TESTOSTERONE level becomes quite low than other people. This TESTOSTERONE hormone plays an important role in the development of body as well as sperm production. In fact because of this TESTOSTERONE hormone the male sexual characters grow in a human body. Low TESTOSTERONE may also lead to complete absence of the morning erection which is often experienced on waking up from sleep in morning. Decrease in TESTOSTERONE in blood often results in decreased sperm production. So it is advisable not to masturbate for more than twice in a week. Since the male sexual system has developed for reproduction it is better to conserve your sexual power for intercourse & it would not be good if you lose your sexual power by excess masturbation. Addiction to masturbation denotes that you are continuously indulged in sexual thoughts. This type of thoughts is common in people who live a sedentary life. If you really have a sedentary life-style you should get yourself out from it immediately. Socialize yourself. Do some physical exercise daily. Drink a lots of water. Create a routine of your daily schedule & maintain it. Stop watching porn in case you have developed a habit of watching it if you want ayurveda treatment without any side iffect come on private consultation.
5 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Premature Ejaculation: What Should You Know About It?

MD - Psychiatry, Diploma in Psychological Medicine, MBBS
Sexologist, Mumbai
Premature Ejaculation: What Should You Know About It?

My last article gave insight on the non-medical methods of controlling premature ejaculation Now, as a wrap up on this topic, I will highlight the options of medical treatments available for managing P.E. However, take it as a warning that you must consult your doctor before trying out any of these methods and medicines, because more often than not, such drugs and medicines have their side effects that can adversely bother your health.

By now we know that Premature ejaculation (PE) occurs when a man reaches peak of sexual excitement and ejaculates before he actually wants it to happen, thus, leaving his partner deprived of the sexual pleasure that she deserves. Even the most empathetic female partner would not like his man to leave her unsatisfied in bed.  Sooner or later this problem becomes a medical problem, reduces the warmth in their relationship.

Several factors including psychological problems such as anxiety; biological problem like penile hypersensitivity, hormonal imbalance (e.g. thyroid problem); behavioural problem like, habituation of quick sex/masturbation, etc may be held responsible for causing PE.

Medical (Allopathic) therapy for PE treatment:

Drugs used for managing premature ejaculation reduce sensitivity and anxiety, improve blood flow and even affect some chemical mediators present in the brain. These class of drugs include local anaesthetics, antidepressants and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors.

Anaesthetic compounds were the first medical treatment proposed for PE management. They were applied topically to the surface of skin. Lidocaine-prilocaine sprays or creams decrease the sensation of the penis and increase the time taken to ejaculate during vaginal penetration. These sprays/ creams are applied 10 to 20 minutes prior to sexual activity. Side effects of topical agents include partial loss of sensation of penis, absorption in vagina resulting in vaginal numbness and irritation.

Earlier agents like Alpha Amino Benzoate and Phenoxybenzamine were used to prolong duration of intercourse, but they were associated with severe side effects.

It has been found that Serotonin (a chemical in brain) levels were deficient in PE patients. Treatment medications include Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), which interact with a receptor (5-HT2C) present in brain and increases the production of Serotonin. They also help in reducing anxiety and depression associated with PE. Through this mechanism, they prolong the time to reach ejaculation. Several SSRIs have increasingly become used as 'off-label' for PE.

Among the available SSRIs, Paroxetine-Dapoxetine is more beneficial with lesser side effects as compared to other SSRIs. These medications are associated with sexual side effects including decreased fertility and erectile dysfunction. Dapoxetine is a recent SSRI which acts quickly and cleared rapidly from the body. Adverse effects with SSRIs are usually minor and include fatigue, mild nausea, loose stools and sweating. Other side effects may include decreased sexual urge and increased tendency to suicide, especially with long-term use of Paroxetine.

Another potential medical treatment option for PE are class of medications which increase the blood flow by dilating the blood vessels of penile region and prolong the PE. But headache, dizziness, flushing, body-ache associated with them have limited their use in PE.

At present, clinicians need to consider all treatment modalities when evaluating a man with PE, as each patient may respond differently and experience variable side effects. Additional and more effective therapies need to be developed having least side effects.

Ayurvedic therapy for PE treatment:

Vajikaran in Ayurveda is an important treatment modality which increases sexual capacity and improves health. In Sanskrit, Vaji means horse, the symbol of sexual potency and performance thus Vajikaran means producing a horse's vigour, particularly the animal's great capacity for sexual activity in the individual. Vajikaran therapy reenergizes all the seven dhatus (body elements), and restores equilibrium and health. It also offers a solution to minimize the shukra (sperm and ovum) defects.

There are many formulations which are used in Vajikaran. Some of the commonly used formulations include Vrihani GutikaVrishya Gutika, Vajikaranam Ghritam and Upatyakari Shashtikadi Gutika.

Vrihani Gutika is one of the potent formulations while Vrishya Gutika is highly potent aphrodisiac used in treatment of PE. Vajikaranam Ghritam enhances the strength of penis. Upatyakari Shashtikadi Gutika is useful for the enhancement of the fertility.

Also, Chapdraprabha Vati and Kaunch Pak are known to increase sexual vigour and semen consistency helping in increase in sexual timing.

So, with this concluding article, I wrap up my knowledge and experience in treating patients suffering from premature ejaculation. Take care, and stay healthy!

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

7131 people found this helpful

Homeopathy For Forgetfulness / Memory Loss

BHMS
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Homeopathy For Forgetfulness / Memory Loss

Memory slips are aggravating, frustrating, and sometimes worrisome. When they happen more than they should, they can trigger fears of looming dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. there are many mundane—and treatable—causes of forgetfulness. Here are seven common ones and how can homeopathic treatment can help you.To know more about homeopathy and homeopathic treatment read more.....

Lack of sleep.

Not getting enough sleep is perhaps the greatest unappreciated cause of memory slips. Too little restful sleep can also lead to mood changes and anxiety, which in turn contribute to problems with memory.

Medications.

Tranquilizers, antidepressants, some blood pressure drugs, and other medications can affect memory, usually by causing sedation or confusion. That can make it difficult to pay close attention to new things. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you suspect that a new medication is taking the edge off your memory. As shown in the table below, alternatives are usually available.

*Medications* that may affect memory and possible substitutes
If you take these drug, ask about switching to one of these drugs:
1.paroxetine (Paxil) another antidepressant such as fluoxetine (Prozac) or sertraline (Zoloft), or a different type of antidepressant such as duloxetine (Cymbalta) or venlafaxine (Effexor)
2.cimetidine (Tagamet) a different type of heartburn drug, such as lansoprazole (Prevacid), omeprazole (Prilosec), or esomeprazole (Nexium)
3.oxybutynin (Ditropan) or tolterodine (Detrol, Detrusitol) other medications for an overactive bladder, such as trospium (Sanctura), solifenacin (Vesicare), or darifenacin (Enablex)
4.amitriptyline (Elavil), desipramine (Norpramin), or nortriptyline (Aventyl, Pamelor) another type of medication, depending on why your doctor has prescribed a tricyclic antidepressant (neuropathic pain, depression, etc.)

5.*captopril (Capoten)* a different type of ACE inhibitor, such as enalapril, lisinopril, or ramipril
cold or allergy medication containing brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine, or diphenhydramine loratadine (Claritin) or other non-sedating antihistamine
(Adapted from Improving Memory: Understanding age-related memory loss, a Harvard Medical School Special Health Report)

 

Underactive thyroid

A faltering thyroid can affect memory (as well as disturb sleep and cause depression, both of which contribute to memory slips). A simple blood test can tell if your thyroid is doing its job properly.

Alcohol.

Drinking too much alcohol can interfere with short-term memory, even after the effects of alcohol have worn off. Although “too much” varies from person to person, it’s best to stick with the recommendation of no more than two drinks per day for men and no more than one a day for women. One drink is generally defined as 1.5 ounces (1 shot glass) of 80-proof spirits, 5 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer.

Stress and anxiety.

Anything that makes it harder to concentrate and lock in new information and skills can lead to memory problems. Stress and anxiety fill the bill. Both can interfere with attention and block the formation of new memories or the retrieval of old ones.

 

Depression.

Common signs of depression include a stifling sadness, lack of drive, and lessening of pleasure in things you ordinarily enjoy. Forgetfulness can also be a sign of depression—or a consequence of it.

If memory lapses are bugging you, it’s worth a conversation with your doctor to see if any reversible causes are at the root of the problem. Something like getting more sleep, switching a medication, or a stress reduction program could get your memory back on track.

TREATMENT PROTOCOLS FOR POOR MEMORY

Spleen Kidney and heart are the 3 organs which provides memory

●Following are the three patterns of poor memory :

1) spleen deficiency causes poor memory, inability to concentrate and study.

2) deficiency of kidney essence causes poor everyday memory.

3) heart deficiency causes poor memory of past events , forgetting names.

1) Spleen deficiency causes
poor memory inability to concentrate
and study:
Main symptoms :
1) poor memory
2) tiredness
3) poor appetite
4) *pale tongue*
5) *weak pulse*

Treatment principle :
1) tone the spleen
2) strengthen intellect. Spleen houses intellect , which controls memorisation, study and concentration.

2) Kidney essence deficiency
causes poor memory everyday.
Main symptoms :
1) poor everyday memory
2) can not remember names , faces, roads etc.
3) dizziness
4) tinnitus
5) weakness
6) if kidney yang is deficient , tongue will be
pale
7) if kidney yin is deficient the tongue will be
red

Treatment principles :
1) tone the kidney
2) nourish essence and marrow

3) Heart deficiency causes

  • Poor memory of past events 
  • Forgetting names 

Main symptoms :

1) poor memory of past events
2) forgetting names
3) absent mindedness
4) tiredness
5) slight breathlessness
6) if there is heart yang deficiency the tongue will be pale with heart cracking
7) if there is heart yin deficiency the tongue will be red with heart crack

Treatment principle :
1) *tone the heart*
2) strengthen the mind and memory

Homeopathic treatment

There are many remedies in homeopathy to treat this condition. It requires a detailed study of the patient to know his/her lifestyle and life circumstances to be able to diagnose at the correct cause/causes so as to administer the right remedy. Since homeopathic medicines do not have sideeffects this is a very great advantage.

11 people found this helpful

Low Desire Disorder In Women

MS Human Sexuality, M.Phil Clinical Psychology, PhD (Behaviour Modification), Certified In Treatment of Resistant Depression, Certificate course to be Sexuality Educator
Sexologist, Hyderabad
Low Desire Disorder In Women

A woman's sexual desire naturally fluctuates over the years. Highs and lows commonly coincide with the beginning or end of a relationship or with major life changes, such as pregnancy, menopause or illness. Some antidepressants and anti-seizure medications also can cause low sex drive in women.

If you have a persistent or recurrent lack of interest in sex that causes you personal distress, you may have hypoactive sexual desire disorder — also referred to as female sexual interest/arousal disorder.
But you don't have to meet this medical definition to seek help. If you are bothered by a low sex drive or decreased sexual desire, there are lifestyle changes and sex techniques that may put you in the mood more often. Some medications may offer promise as well. 
If you want to have sex less often than your partner does, neither one of you is necessarily outside the norm for people at your stage in life — although your differences, also known as desire discrepancy, may cause distress.
Similarly, even if your sex drive is weaker than it once was, your relationship may be stronger than ever. Bottom line: There is no magic number to define low sex drive. It varies from woman to woman.

Some signs and symptoms that may indicate a low sex drive include a woman who:
* Has no interest in any type of sexual activity, including self-stimulation
* Doesn't have sexual fantasies or thoughts, or only seldom has them
* Is bothered by her lack of sexual activity or fantasies
When to see a Doctor specializing in sexual health.
If you're bothered by your low desire for sex, talk to your doctor. The solution could be as simple as changing the type of antidepressant you take.

Causes

A woman's desire for sex is based on a complex interaction of many components affecting intimacy, including physical well-being, emotional well-being, experiences, beliefs, lifestyle and current relationship. If you're experiencing a problem in any of these areas, it can affect your sexual desire.

Physical causes
A wide range of illnesses, physical changes and medications can cause a low sex drive, including:
* Sexual problems. If you experience pain during sex or an inability to orgasm, it can hamper your desire for sex.
* Medical diseases. Numerous nonsexual diseases can also affect desire for sex, including arthritis, cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease and neurological diseases.
* Medications. Many prescription medications — including some antidepressants and anti-seizure medications — are notorious libido killers.
* Lifestyle habits. A glass of wine may make you feel amorous, but too much alcohol can spoil your sex drive; the same is true of street drugs. And smoking decreases blood flow, which may dampen arousal.
* Surgery. Any surgery, especially one related to your breasts or your genital tract, can affect your body image, sexual function and desire for sex.
* Fatigue. Exhaustion from caring for young children or aging parents can contribute to low sex drive. Fatigue from illness or surgery also can play a role in a low sex drive.

Hormone changes
Changes in your hormone levels may alter your desire for sex. This can occur during:
* Menopause. Estrogen levels drop during the transition to menopause. This can cause decreased interest in sex and dryer vaginal tissues, resulting in painful or uncomfortable sex. Although many women continue to have satisfying sex during menopause and beyond, some women experience a lagging libido during this hormonal change.
* Pregnancy and breast-feeding. Hormone changes during pregnancy, just after having a baby and during breast-feeding can put a damper on sexual desire. Of course, hormones aren't the only factor affecting intimacy during these times. Fatigue, changes in body image, and the pressures of pregnancy or caring for a new baby can all contribute to changes in your sexual desire.

Psychological causes
Your problems don't have to be physical or biological to be real. There are many psychological causes of low sex drive, including:
* Mental health problems, such as anxiety or depression
* Stress, such as financial stress or work stress

* Poor body image
* Low self-esteem
* History of physical or sexual abuse
* Previous negative sexual experiences

Relationship issues
For many women, emotional closeness is an essential prelude to sexual intimacy. So problems in your relationship can be a major factor in low sex drive. Decreased interest in sex is often a result of ongoing issues, such as:
* Lack of connection with your partner
* Unresolved conflicts or fights
* Poor communication of sexual needs and preferences
* Infidelity or breach of trust

Treatments and drugs
Most women benefit from a treatment approach aimed at the many causes behind this condition. Recommendations may include sex education, counseling and sometimes medication.
Counseling
Talking with a sex therapist or counselor skilled in addressing sexual concerns can help with low sexual desire. Therapy often includes education about sexual response and techniques and recommendations for reading materials or couples' exercises. Couples counseling that addresses relationship issues may also help increase feelings of intimacy and desire.

Medication review
Your doctor will want to evaluate the medications you're already taking, to see if any of them tend to cause sexual side effects. For example, antidepressants such as paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva) and fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem) may lower sex drive. Adding or switching to bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbutrin) — a different type of antidepressant — usually improves sex drive.
Hormone therapy
Estrogen delivered throughout your whole body (systemic) by pill, patch, spray or gel can have a positive effect on brain function and mood factors that affect sexual response. But systemic estrogen therapy may have risks for certain women.
Smaller doses of estrogen — in the form of a vaginal cream or a slow-releasing suppository or ring that you place in your vagina — can increase blood flow to the vagina and help improve desire without the risks associated with systemic estrogen. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe a combination of estrogen and progesterone.
Male hormones, such as testosterone, play an important role in female sexual function, even though testosterone occurs in much lower amounts in women. However, replacing testosterone in women is controversial and it's not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for sexual dysfunction in women. Plus it can cause acne, excess body hair, and mood or personality changes.

Lifestyle and home remedies

Healthy lifestyle changes can make a big difference in your desire for sex:
* Exercise. Regular aerobic exercise and strength training can increase your stamina, improve your body image, elevate your mood and boost your libido.
* Stress less. Finding a better way to cope with work stress, financial stress and daily hassles can enhance your sex drive.
* Communicate with your partner. Couples who learn to communicate in an open, honest way usually maintain a stronger emotional connection, which can lead to better sex. Communicating about sex also is important. Talking about your likes and dislikes can set the stage for greater sexual intimacy.
* Set aside time for intimacy. Scheduling sex into your calendar may seem contrived and boring. But making intimacy a priority can help put your sex drive back on track.
* Add a little spice to your sex life. Try a different sexual position, a different time of day or a different location for sex. Ask your partner to spend more time on foreplay. If you and your partner are open to experimentation, sex toys and fantasy can help rekindle your sexual sizzle.
* Ditch bad habits. Smoking, illegal drugs and excess alcohol can all dampen sexual desire. Ditching these bad habits may help rev up your sexual desire as well as improve your overall health.    

Low sexual desire can be very difficult for you and your partner. It's natural to feel frustrated or sad if you aren't able to be as sexy and romantic as you want — or you used to be.
At the same time, low sexual desire can make your partner feel rejected, which can lead to conflicts and strife. And this type of relationship turmoil can further reduce desire for sex.

It may help to remember that fluctuations in your sexual desire are a normal part of every relationship and every stage of life. Try not to focus all of your attention on sex. Instead, spend some time nurturing yourself and your relationship.
Go for a long walk. Get a little extra sleep. Kiss your partner goodbye before you head out the door. Make a date night at your favorite restaurant. Feeling good about yourself and your partner can actually be the best foreplay.

17 people found this helpful

Premature Ejaculation (PE) - Worry or Not?

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Premature Ejaculation (PE) - Worry or Not?

The condition of premature ejaculation (PE) is a far more common male sexual dysfunction of middle age people. Generally, premature ejaculation is a male orgasmic disorder that causes an orgasm or "climaxing" faster than both partners' desire. The most couple found this condition irritating and undesirable while some considered it pleasing to them. If the problem of (PE) persists, it can have an adverse effect on the sexual satisfaction of the couple and disrupt the peace in their marital life.

It's difficult to define specific time duration for PE because the length of ejaculation varies from one individual to another. Researchers have revealed that individuals who complain of (PE) reach their climax and ejaculate within 1-2 minutes of penile penetration compare to 7-10 minutes of other individuals who don't complain of the same condition. We can conclude that if a man comes in less than 90 seconds of penile penetration, it's likely that he's suffering from premature ejaculation.

Causes of premature ejaculation:

Several factors contribute to the condition of PE ranging from biological, psychological to social and cultural contributions. Although the exact cause of (PE) is not well known the latest researches have shown that factors that cause sexual dysfunction will cause premature ejaculation.

Some physicians argued that serotonin, a neurotransmitter found in the gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system and platelet is very important in monitoring premature ejaculation. Other biological factors such as infection of the prostate, abnormal level of hormone, diabetes, drug abuse, inheritance can contribute to PE.

Psychological factors that can affect PE include anxiety, depression, stress, sexual abuse, nervousness, early sexual experience and poor body image.

Symptom of premature ejaculation:

The major premature ejaculation symptom is the inability to delay ejaculation. When an individual sees that he cannot control or delay his ejaculation, it's likely to be suffering from PE.

Remedies for premature ejaculation:

A number of treatments have been described to counter premature ejaculation. These are psychological therapies, behavioral therapies, and medical therapies.

In psychological therapies, the clinical psychologist tries to use psychological procedures to evaluate the cause of the man's (PE) problem and proffers a reasonable psychological advice or solution based on the identified cause of the PE. To carry out psychological therapy, a man with premature ejaculation is advised to be confident about his sexual performances and to be less anxious about it. This treatment is usually coupled with medical therapies in order to provide a lasting solution to the problem.

Some of the questions which are often asked by the clinical psychologist from a sufferer include:

What can you say about your present interest in sex?

Do you experience pain during sexual intercourse?

Do you usually engage in mutual romance before intercourse?

Have you ever had a problem reaching climax?

In behavioral therapies, the mutual cooperation of the partners is very important. There's a popular method of "squeezing". In this method, the wife stimulates her man by holding his penis until he's in the state of climax or orgasm. Prior to ejaculation, the wife squeezes the penis hard until he partially loses an erection. This purpose of this is to allow the man to be aware of when he's about to come in each sexual intercourse and begins to delay his ejaculation.

In medical therapy, some pills used as depressant and anesthetic creams have been proved to be effective in slowing down ejaculation time in men although those pills are never approved for use by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These drugs include Prozac, Sarafen, Paroxetine, Clomipramine (Anafranil), Sertraline (Zoloft), and some other drugs capable of increasing the level of serotonin production. It's important to note that these drugs might have side effects if used as a treatment for (PE).

Ayurveda treatment for premature ejaculation

The cause of premature ejaculation with respect to ayurvedic perspective is the provocation of Vata (air) and Pitta Dosha at the commencement of the sexual intercourse. Dosha is known to be aggravated by anxiety and nervousness while Vata is known for its quality of swiftness and heightened sensitivity to the sense of touch.

9 people found this helpful

Male Sexual Health

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Male Sexual Health

What is ejaculation?

It is the release of semen from the penis at orgasm. Semen is made up of sperm and fluid from testes (singular testis), seminal vesicles and prostate gland.

When a man is sexually stimulated, the brain sends signals to the genital area through nerves in spinal cord that causes contraction of pelvic muscles. Waves of pelvic muscle contractions transport the semen from the testes to tip of penis through vas deferens. This is called ejaculation or orgasm (colloquially to cum, shoot, blast or bust).

What is premature ejaculation (PE)?

PE means 'cumming too soon', that is, a man ejaculates before he is ready for it and he has no control over it.

Studies have shown that most men ejaculate between 2-5 minutes after penetration. This time frame is again arbitrary since it can differ from men to men, couple to couple, between cultures and other factors. So, for practical reason, if ejaculation occurs within 1 minute of penis entering into a vagina, it is called premature ejaculation. It is the commonest sexual problem in men and affects all ages.

What are the causes?

  • Premature ejaculation can be primary or secondary.
  • Primary or lifelong PE is when a man has not had control of ejaculation from the time of his first sexual experience. It can be caused by a chemical imbalance in brain centres that lowers the threshold for ejaculation.
  • Secondary or acquired PE is usually when there has been a period of normal functioning before premature ejaculation began. Secondary premature PE is often linked to psychological factors like stress, performance anxiety, relationship issues and impotence.

How is it diagnosed?

There are no tests or scans to diagnose PE. If you have premature ejaculation, you need to see your local doctor and a diagnosis is made based on your history.

What treatments are there for premature ejaculation?

Treatment for PE may involve sex therapy, behavioural techniques, medications, local gels and creams, and treatment of other conditions like erectile dysfunction.

Sex therapy is administered by a person called sex therapist. This is particularly important if the cause of premature ejaculation is psychological like relationship issues and anxiety. Sex therapist provides counselling to address these issues.

There are mainly two behavioural techniques that can be used for treating premature ejaculation:

Seman's 'stop start' technique and Masters and Johnson's 'squeeze' technique.

How to perform Seman's 'stop start' technique

  • Arouse yourself sexually by playing with your penis or ask your partner to stimulate it for you
  • Once you are fully aroused and feel you are close to ejaculation, stop playing
  • Wait for some time until the feeling of ejaculation passes away
  • Once the feeling has passed, you can restart stimulating your penis
  • Repeat this cycle 5-6 times until you finally ejaculate
  • Once you feel more confident with this technique, you can actually practice this after entering your partner. Start thrusting your partner until you feel you are close to ejaculation, stop thrusting and divert your attention to something else. Once the ejaculation feeling passes away, resume thrusting and stopping until you finally ejaculate.
  • How to perform Masters and Johnson's 'squeeze' technique

Once you are fully aroused and feel you are close to ejaculation, squeeze the tip of the penis between your thumb and index finger (or your partner can squeeze it for you) for several seconds until the feeling of ejaculation passes away. Repeat this squeeze and release technique for as long as you can until you finally ejaculate.

What medications are used to treat PE?

  • You need to see your local doctor to get medications prescribed for PE.
  • Dapoxetine (Priligy) is the only medication that is specific to the treatment of premature ejaculation. It is taken 'on-demand' only, one to three hours before sexual intercourse.
  • Some antidepressants have the side effect of delayed ejaculation and used for premature ejaculation. They include SSRIs like fluoxetine, paroxetine and sertraline and tricyclic antidepressant called clomipramine.
  • If PE is associated with erectile dysfunction, Viagra, Cialis or Levitra may be prescribed by your doctor.
  • Local anaesthetic creams and gels can reduce penile sensation and help premature ejaculation. They should be applied up to 30 minutes before sexual intercourse.
  • Using two condoms can reduce penile sensation and help a man take longer to ejaculate.

Just remember

Premature ejaculation is a very common sexual problem in men and affects all ages. It can cause embarrassment and anxiety and affects a man's self-esteem. It can affect both partners emotionally and sexually. There are many treatments available including sex therapy, behavioural techniques and medications but you need to seek help early. It is very important for partners to discuss this openly and get help from a doctor or other health care professionals.

7 people found this helpful

Table of Content

About Parot 40 MG Tablet
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