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Ocd - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a mental illness where patients with this disease, feel that they need to check on things repetitively. OCD patients ritualistically perform certain actions as a routine or have certain thoughts that they harbor repeatedly. Some of the most common activities that OCD people often do is like counting things, repeated hand washing or see if the doors and windows are locked. Some of the OCD patients all find difficult to throw unnecessary or old junks off. These activities happen to such a degree that most often they tend to jeopardize their normal life and their daily life gets negatively affected. Though most adult OCD patients realize that their strange behavior doesn’t make sense, but still they just can’t stop.

Experts on this disease, says that OCD affects about 2.3% of people around the globe, at some point in their lives. Generally the symptoms start after the age of 35, although there are many who even develop OCD symptoms even before 20. Male and female are equally affected with this malady.

If you have OCD, there are several ways you can help yourself to recover from this disease. One of the most powerful strategies to abolish the OCD rituals that make your obsessions going on.

Don’t avoid your fears

It may seem to be a wise decision to avoid your obsessive thoughts, but in reality the more you do so, the scarier you shall feel. So, it’s best to expose yourself to your OCD triggers and then try to delay or resist the urge to complete your relief-seeking OCD ritual. If resistance on your part gets too hard, try to lessen the amount of time you spend on doing them. It has been noticed that the more number of times you expose yourself to your OCD triggers, your anxiety should also lessen and you shall soon realize that you have started to understand that you are in more control of your OCD rituals than you think.

Refocus your attention

When you are experiencing your OCD urges and thoughts, try to shift your attention to something else instead. You can go for a walk, do exercise, surf the web, and make a phone call, play video games and others. The important thing is, whatever that you do, enjoy doing something for at least 20 minutes, in order to delay your responses to the compulsive thoughts.

Anticipate OCD urges

By anticipating your obsessive and compulsive urges, even before they arise, you can help yourself to get rid of your OCD. Whatever the compulsive thoughts be, pay extra attention to the job the very first time. So that when the urge to do or check arises later, you will find it easier to re-label the thought as an obsessive disorder.

The cause for this mental disease is unknown. However, according to doctors both genetic and environmental factors are believed to play a role in developing this malady.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Fear of getting contaminated by dirt or germs or get distressed thinking about contaminating others. Double-checking of things excessively, such as appliances, locks and switches. Praying excessively or participating in religious rituals- which are triggered by fear. Accumulating junk and not disposing them off. Intrusively thinking of sexually explicit, violent thoughts and images. Repeatedly checking on the family members and loved ones to see that they are safe.

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder(OCD) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatments!

Dr. Ruchi Rana 85% (10 ratings)
Ma Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Pune
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder(OCD) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatments!
OCD or obsessive compulsive disorder is a mental condition, which traps people in a cycle of repetitive thoughts that push them to do repetitive behaviors. As the name states, the obsession over certain things compels them to do it over and over again. These actions will only help you feel relieved for a short time and soon the cycle starts back again. Symptoms of OCD The symptoms of OCD are classified into two groups, one for the obsessive behavior and the other for compulsive behavior. Some of the common symptoms for these are mentioned below: Obsessive behaviors As the name states this means obsessing over certain things, which varies from person to person. Some of the things could be: Being scared about making mistakes. The fear of being embarrassed in public situations. Constantly being scared about contamination by germs, microbes or dirt. Doubts about sure and simple situations and the need to be constantly reassured about them. Compulsive behaviors The obsessions usually results in compulsive behaviors, which you may need to perform to reassure and relieve yourself of the anxiety temporarily. Some of these may include: Trying to constantly arrange things in a certain way and still not being satisfied. Thoughts, words and images being stuck in your head throughout the day that may keep you disturbed and cause to lose sleep. You may even repeat specific words or actions multiple times as a measure of self reassurance. Hoarding of items, which have no value. Causes of OCD Biological factors: Certain chemical imbalances in the brain may lead to OCD, which may happen due to hormonal or biological changes. In fact certain infections are also known to trigger OCD in people. Environmental factors: Certain types of mental trauma have been known to trigger OCD as well, such as Office, school, college or other work related stresses over a long period of time. The passing away of a near and dear one. Relationship problems. Repressed abuses from earlier in life. Treatments Most treatments of OCD are categorized into two types: Cognitive behavioral therapy: This is a counseling based therapy where you may be slowly asked to face your fears and overcome them over a period of time. Medications: Antidepressants, inhibitors, or antipsychotic drugs or relaxants in various combinations may be used to treat OCD. Electroconvulsive therapy: Only in the rarest of cases would doctors consider electroconvulsive therapy, if the patient is a danger to themselves or others around them.
5 people found this helpful

Panic - Is It A Type of Anxiety?

Dr. Saptarshi Adhikari 90% (88 ratings)
Masters of Philosphy, Master of Science, Bachelor of Sciences
Psychologist, Kolkata
Panic - Is It A Type of Anxiety?
Anxiety and stress are regular occurrences that happen to all individuals in certain situations. But if these become habitual and take place in excessive frequency, then it is symptomatic of a psychological problem. Anxiety disorders require proper treatment through counseling and therapy for leading a healthy stress-free life. Anxiety impacts each person at a different level and is accompanied by various types of irrational phobias. Hence it differs from case to case. There are a few general types into which anxiety disorders can be categorized. Some of these types are as follows: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): This kind of anxiety is constant and vague and does not appear to stem from any specific factor. Those suffering from it are affected during all waking hours and even in sleep when it is disturbed and irregular due to unending stress. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): A person suffering from ocd experiences uncontrollable compulsions and is unable to keep from obsessing over issues of trivial nature. This manifests itself in definite behavioral patterns which become rigid and inflexible. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): This is an extreme form of anxiety disorder that is caused when the patient experiences a traumatic event or life-threatening accident that leaves a mental scar. It takes the form of panic attacks, nightmares, sudden mental breakdowns, hyper vigilance, and excessive nervousness. Panic Disorder: The patients of this disorder experience sudden panic attacks which occur frequently without any specific trigger. It is also accompanied by the fear of having such attacks, as well as a fear of being in places from where it is difficult to escape in the event of an attack. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): Also known as social phobia, sad causes a person to be in constant fear of being negatively viewed by people. It involves constant fear of public humiliation and also gives rise to performance anxiety or stage fright. How to Recognize An Anxiety Disorder? There are many symptoms of anxiety disorders which have both physical and emotional symptoms. Following are the most common signs of chronic anxiety: Attacks of panic and fear Feelings of unease Heart palpitations Nausea and Vomiting Dizziness and Vertigo Feelings of Numbness or A Tingling Sensation Dryness of the Mouth Cold or Sweaty Palms Breathing Difficulties
1 person found this helpful

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Ms. Anu Gehlot 88% (10 ratings)
M.Phil - Psychology, Masters In Psychology, BA-Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a common, chronic and long-lasting disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over. People with OCD may have symptoms of obsessions, compulsions, or both. These symptoms can interfere with all aspects of life, such as work, school, and personal relationships. Obsessions are repeated thoughts, urges, or mental images that cause anxiety. Common symptoms include: Fear of germs or contamination Unwanted forbidden or taboo thoughts involving sex, religion, and harm Aggressive thoughts towards others or self Having things symmetrical or in a perfect order Compulsions are repetitive behaviors that a person with OCD feels the urge to do in response to an obsessive thought. Common compulsions include: Excessive cleaning and/or handwashing Ordering and arranging things in a particular, precise way Repeatedly checking on things, such as repeatedly checking to see if the door is locked or that the oven is off Compulsive counting Not all rituals or habits are compulsions. Everyone double checks things sometimes. But a person with OCD generally: Can't control his or her thoughts or behaviors, even when those thoughts or behaviors are recognized as excessive Spends at least 1 hour a day on these thoughts or behaviors Doesn t get pleasure when performing the behaviors or rituals, but may feel brief relief from the anxiety the thoughts cause Experiences significant problems in their daily life due to these thoughts or behaviors. OCD can hamper all spheres of life if not treated on time. please consult a psychiatrist and a psychologist if you are suffering from any of the above mentioned symptoms.

3 Mental Disorders That Genes Can Pass!

Dr. Vijayalakshmi Damera 87% (270 ratings)
Ph.D - Ph.D in Psychology, Ph. D - Education
Psychologist, Kakinada
3 Mental Disorders That Genes Can Pass!
The risk of a mental illness increases, if one or more of your family members have a mental disorder, but this increased risk doesn't guarantee that you will develop a mental illness. Not only have some mental illnesses been found to be hereditary in nature, but certain studies have found that some major mental illnesses can be traced to the same genetic variations. Some hereditary psychiatric disorders are: Obsessive compulsive disorder: Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD is a disorder of the brain and behavior. A person suffering from OCD has uncontrollable, recurring thoughts and behaviors they cannot stop repeating. Ocd also causes severe anxiety in such people. In 2000, a study conducted by researchers in Washington d. C. And Baltimore concluded that having one or more ocd family member (s) may increase the chances of you developing it too. In 2010, a study tracked down possible chromosomes that may be responsible for OCD. Schizophrenia: Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness that affects and dictates how a person feels, thinks and behaves. Those suffering from schizophrenia may lose touch with reality and experience delusions, hallucinations, thought disorders and movement disorders. It has been seen that people who have an identical twin with schizophrenia are 50% more likely to develop the disorder and those who have one parent suffering from schizophrenia are 18% more likely to inherit the illness. Depression: Major depression or clinical depression is a common though severe mood disorder. It is characterized by an episode of sadness or apathy along with other symptoms that last at least for two consecutive weeks. Those suffering from depression may feel helpless and worthless, lose all interest in daily activities or activities they used to enjoy and feel unable to take part in normal day-to-day activities. Other symptoms of depression also include sleep pattern and appetite changes, chronic fatigue, concentration or focus problems and physical discomfort. Some patients with depression may become suicidal. In 2011, a study pinned down a specific chromosome that may trigger depression development. Research on the hereditary properties of depression within families shows that some people are more prone to develop the disorder than others. If you have a parent or sibling that suffers from depression, you might be 1.5 to 3 times more likely to develop depression than those who do not have a close family member suffering from this condition. You are also more prone to developing bipolar disorder in such a scenario.
2357 people found this helpful

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - Ways To Help You Manage It!

Dr. Hritu Singh 91% (16 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder -  Ways To Help You Manage It!
OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder, which can be indicated through obsession, having pervasive thoughts or thoughts, which may upset you, having certain compulsions, and practicing certain rituals, which may help to control or manage your obsessions. It is a disorder, which cannot be cured, but can be controlled with the help of treatment. Mostly, OCD is considered to be a lifelong disorder. It often circulates around the fear of germs or sickness and around keeping order and maintaining patterns. A person suffering from OCD can often be extremely annoying. Hence here are a few tips you can use to deal with OCD: 1. Understand OCD: The first step towards dealing with OCD is to know what you have to deal with. Gather as much information as you can about OCD and also read up about how you can overcome it. You need to know the symptoms of OCD so you can identify the disorder. Almost everyone suffers from OCD at one point of their lives. Hence, it is extremely important to understand OCD in order to treat it. 2. Work with your compulsions: Do not get petrified about your compulsions if you are planning to overcome your OCD, instead work with them. Try not to encourage their development. If you are worrying about whether you have switched of the lights, try and develop a mental picture of you doing it. If you are able to get a clear picture, then you have, otherwise you can go and switch it off. Another option is to maintain a list where you tick off the activity once you have done it so that you don't have to worry about it later on. 3. Maintain a journal: Maintaining a journal will help you curb your fears and negative thoughts. Write down all your obsessive thought and reflect on how they are affecting you and whether they are worth your worry or time. Gradually you will see that you are able to control these thoughts and will be able to push away any negativity which comes along with them. 4. Remind yourself about the good in you: Make this your regular practice. Do not undermine yourself, instead make yourself feel good. This will help you to get over the fact that you have done something wrong in your daily activities (like not turning the gas off when you actually have) and that wrong is going to harm people. Chronic OCD will require therapy and medical assistance. Hence if you are able to detect the signs at an early level and are able to adopt the above measures to control it, then going to a doctor might not be necessary.
2533 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir, I am facing the problem of ocd from last 5 years but gradually it has grown, It has hampered my studies, personal & professional life as well. The rituals that I keep performing has left me disgusted with myself but if I don't do it the anxious feeling is worse it never allows me to settle down, It also hampers my sleep. In short it has taken away all the peace & happiness from my life.

Dr. Jagadeesan M.S. 97% (9339 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common mental health problem. Symptoms typically include recurring thoughts and repetitive actions in response to the recurring thoughts. A common example is recurring thoughts about germs and dirt, with a need to wash your hands repeatedly to "clean off the germs" However, there are many other examples like sexual thoughts, counting, checking, orderliness, etc. When the suffering is much usually the individuals have secondary depression/ or anxiety. The usual treatments are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant medicine, or both. Treatment often works well to reduce the symptoms and distress of OCD greatly. Consult a psychiatrist. All the best.

I am suffering from ocd ,depression, panic attacks, anxiety for 30 yes .now I am 49 yes old .my doc prescribed me mirtazapam7. 5 mg,duloxetine30, sertraline50,topiramate50 at night and clonazepam1 mg, tofisopam50 in the morning but at night I feel shortness of breathing, anxiety, high heart beat.

Dr. Sanjeev Tripathi 87% (56 ratings)
Masters in Clinical Psychology, Bachelor in Psychology
Psychologist, Indore
Hi, Psychotherapies are more effective for that. You can contact me for more information for over coming depression and anxiety like symptoms. Many psychotherapies and drugless techniques are available for any type of neurotic problems like depression, anxiety, OCD, panic attacks, phobia etc.

My question is for Psychiatrist and psychologist doctors. Can continuous doing of yoga cure depression disorder and ocd?

Mrs. Rachna Mimani 89% (16 ratings)
M.A. Clinical Psychology, Diploma In Counselling, Diploma In Mental Illness
Psychologist, Kolkata
Yoga is a physical fitness it will help you relax and stay fit. It will work on your energy level but not your thought level so counselling is important.

Dear respective doctors, My younger brother (21, Student, Nagpur) having a mental disorder (as he says). please note the problem Carefully. Since last 2.5 years he says that He felt very guilt after seeing any Dirt, any Potty, any Drainage, sound while Someone cleaning his tongue. He always says that due to this the dirt things live in his mind and After Spitting or drinking water, he feels ok. But the most dangerous problem is that, He says he is having a continuous headache (24x7) since last 2.5 years. He is loosing hair too. His hair are thin. So he keeps head shaved for every 15 days. Plz, due to this situation he very distressed. My most important question is that, Why he feels guilt after seeing dirt things and feels good only after spitting? And what are the causes of CONTINUOUS HEADACHE since 2.5 years. please doctor, help me. We have visited some of doctors but nothing has happened. please help me. I am serious about his life.

Dr. Saranya Devanathan 91% (1409 ratings)
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Gaurav, Your brother may be suffering from OCD - Obsessive compulsive disorder. Because of his obsessive thought of dirt and he does a compulsive action of spitting. It relieves him temporarily for sometime. Again he will think of dirt. It is a treatable disorder with tablets and therapy. The treatment goes on for a long term more than 2 years. During the treatment, he can continue his studies. About hair fall and headache, i need more details about the type, duration, site, precipitating and relieving factors, associated symptoms, etc.
3 people found this helpful

Hlo doctor me and my husband had usually a lot of fights. He wanted to leave me nd hence he decided to get the divorce by mutual consent. At first I agreed den after dat I was depressed apart from dat I have bipolar disorder+ocd. After dat to forget my husband I started talking to my old frend who was very closed to me and I started chatting wid him and I went to meet him. He hugged me and kissed me on forehead .Now my husband want to patch up but I am feeling like I have deceived my husband and I am guilty gor dat dnt knw wat to do.

Dr. Saul Pereira 93% (38943 ratings)
Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
With bipolar and OCD you need someone who will love you. What you did was under duress and anyway you were divorced. so there is not need to feel guilty. But getting back with your ex hsa to be carefully considered. Kindly consult a marriage counsellor and that person will help you identify all the pros and cons of this development and then you can make a considered decision.

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Myths and Facts

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
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