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Ocd - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is OCD?

OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a mental illness where patients with this disease, feel that they need to check on things repetitively. OCD patients ritualistically perform certain actions as a routine or have certain thoughts that they harbor repeatedly. Some of the most common activities that OCD people often do is like counting things, repeated hand washing or see if the doors and windows are locked. Some of the OCD patients all find difficult to throw unnecessary or old junks off. These activities happen to such a degree that most often they tend to jeopardize their normal life and their daily life gets negatively affected. Though most adult OCD patients realize that their strange behavior doesn’t make sense, but still they just can’t stop.

Experts Advice :

Experts on this disease, says that OCD affects about 2.3% of people around the globe, at some point in their lives. Generally the symptoms start after the age of 35, although there are many who even develop OCD symptoms even before 20. Male and female are equally affected with this malady.

If you have OCD, there are several ways you can help yourself to recover from this disease. One of the most powerful strategies to abolish the OCD rituals that make your obsessions going on.

More About OCD :

Don’t avoid your fears

It may seem to be a wise decision to avoid your obsessive thoughts, but in reality the more you do so, the scarier you shall feel. So, it’s best to expose yourself to your OCD triggers and then try to delay or resist the urge to complete your relief-seeking OCD ritual. If resistance on your part gets too hard, try to lessen the amount of time you spend on doing them. It has been noticed that the more number of times you expose yourself to your OCD triggers, your anxiety should also lessen and you shall soon realize that you have started to understand that you are in more control of your OCD rituals than you think.

Refocus your attention

When you are experiencing your OCD urges and thoughts, try to shift your attention to something else instead.You can go for a walk, do exercise, surf the web, and make a phone call, play video games and others. The important thing is, whatever that you do, enjoy doing something for at least 20 minutes, in order to delay your responses to the compulsive thoughts.

Anticipate OCD urges

By anticipating your obsessive and compulsive urges, even before they arise, you can help yourself to get rid of your OCD. Whatever the compulsive thoughts be, pay extra attention to the job the very first time. So that when the urge to do or check arises later, you will find it easier to re-label the thought as an obsessive disorder.

The cause for this mental disease is unknown. However, according to doctors both genetic and environmental factors are believed to play a role in developing this malady.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Fear of getting contaminated by dirt or germs or get distressed thinking about contaminating others. Double-checking of things excessively, such as appliances, locks and switches. Praying excessively or participating in religious rituals- which are triggered by fear. Accumulating junk and not disposing them off. Intrusively thinking of sexually explicit, violent thoughts and images. Repeatedly checking on the family members and loved ones to see that they are safe.

Popular Health Tips

5 Reasons Why OCD Makes Life Difficult!

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Patiala
5 Reasons Why OCD Makes Life Difficult!

OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a psychological disorder where you feel compelled to perform irrational tasks in continuous patterns almost ritualistically. These compulsive thoughts may seem, upon examination that they are without any particular reason or rhyme. Naturally, a psychological disorder is not voluntary and people who suffer under this disorder don’t voluntarily like to make their lives difficult contrary to some who would say “if you don’t like it don’t do it.”

It is not a simple matter, OCD can have a lot of underlying reasons which makes life even more difficult and wears you out. You still can’t get over a particular thought until you have performed it a given number of times even if it harms your health and the relief is also short lived. For the naysayers who don’t realise, how difficult life can be for people suffering from OCD here are a few reasons that you should consider:

  1. Depression: People with OCD are also prone to suffering from depression. A sense of feeling like you are not like others, you see the world a little differently and obsessively repeat such compulsive lines of thought until it wears you out mentally. It is a side effect of OCD and deeply affects their lifestyle negatively.
  2. Anxiety: When you have OCD you suffer from constant anxiety about things you may not have done that you must do or vice versa, or very intrusive thoughts that make you anxious wondering about the kind of person you are or becoming. It is a constant battle everyday trying not to repeatedly perform all the compulsive behaviours that may strike you and makes daily life immensely difficult.
  3. Eating disorders: Suffering from OCD also affects your diet and food habits. You either start over eating or not eating enough resulting in huge amounts of weight gain or noticeable weight loss or just a fluctuation in weight.
  4. Skin rashes: The outer manifestations of OCD are numerous. If you suffer from obsessive, washing of hands or clothes or any activity that requires constantly irritating your skin then you will develop rashes which will cause more anxiety in you. It’s just a facet of OCD wherein you become obsessed with cleanliness and can’t go without feeling anxious about the number of toxins surrounding you so you go about trying to almost sterilise yourself and end up damaging your skin.
  5. Sleep disturbances: Your sleeping pattern gets affected if you can’t build up a routine and then you can’t sleep until it’s a certain hour at a certain time of the day. Or if you suffer from paranoia then you are unable to sleep because you are actively worried about something or the other. Anxiety also contributes to restlessness.
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3 Most Common Mental Disorders You Must Know About!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry, Master of Public Health (MPH) Sweden
Psychiatrist, Delhi
3 Most Common Mental Disorders You Must Know About!

Here is a list of few most commonly observed mental disorders in the society. It is a hard to accept truth that even though people are aware of the existence of mental disorder, yet they not make an effort in identifying them. Therefore, read carefully and help people with any of these illnesses around you.

1. Anxiety

Anxiety is one of the most common types of mental disorders which is readily observed in 2 out of 5 people. A lot of patients are also observed with physical symptoms such as- shaky hands. Despite being so common amongst people, many choose to ignore it and others do not acknowledge the seriousness of this disease. In anxiety, a person will suffer extreme fear and in the moment of an anxiety attack he will have changed behavor, as well.

2. Depression

Another commonly observed mental disorder is depression which is also one of the most fatal diseases in the world. Herein, the patient does not die because of physical shhortcomings but the depressed state of mind could cause the peoson to drive himself to suicide or substance abuse conditions. Depression is an extremely important and very harmful mental disorder, which, if left unnoticed could drive the person towards his own end and destruction.

Signs and symptoms of depression:

It is extremely hard to identify a person with depression based on his looks because a despressed person will look the same on the outside but there will be going on a turmoil of emotions on the inside.The patient will give positive test to a psychomotor retardation


The person will not respond in a usual mannerHe will be restless

3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

This is another one of the most commonly observed mental disorder in mankind. In this illness, a person will be obsessed with one person, thing or a place. This obsessive attachment to any said thing could turn dangerous as the person might cross any limits in order to attain it. A person could be subject to one or more of the following OCD’s:

  1. Cleanliness
  2. Being worried all the time about ones safety
  3. Keeping the things in order
  4. Repeating actions
  5. Reassurance
  6. Autism

Autism is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder which targets the mind of young childen and permanently cause a change in their behaviour which is hard to undo. This illness falls under the child psychiatry branch of Psychiatry. Autism is a great threat to the mankind because the children are future of our world and there has been an increase in Autism, lately.

Signs and Symptoms:

  1. Repressed or late response to environmental stimuli
  2. Unable to communicate in same language as others
  3. Unable to communicate socially
  4. Repetitive actions
  5. Deviations in thoughts
  6. Absence of smile
  7. Always looking at the ground
  8. Such children easily cries
  9. Aggressive

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3656 people found this helpful

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - What Can Influence Such A Behaviour?

M. Phil Clinical Psychology, Ph.D - Psychology, MA - Applied Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma In Coaching
Psychologist, Delhi
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - What Can Influence Such A Behaviour?

Many live with certain disorders without being aware of it. It is possible that someone close to you is living with OCD, and knowing the symptoms is crucial to diagnose the problem accurately and the treatment can be started as early as possible. 

OCD or the obsessive-compulsive disorder refers to excessive thoughts leading to repetitive behavior or erratic personal behavior. This long-lasting and chronic mental disorder induces recurring and uncontrollable thoughts in a person. These types of behavior are medically referred to as ‘obsessions' and ‘compulsions'.

Patients suffering from the disorder feel a strong urge to repeat certain actions over and over again. These actions may include compulsive cleaning of the immediate domestic environment, washing hands or clothes, checking on things, etc. These behavior patterns may lead to severe disruptions in the daily life of the affected individuals.

How do you know if you have OCD?
Some of the common symptoms of obsession are fear of dirt or physical ‘contamination’, a constant urge to properly arrange or re-arrange domestic objects, having aggressive and sexual thoughts, harboring a desire to harm oneself or others, etc. Common examples of such thoughts include an irrational fear of physical ‘contamination’, feeling depressed at the sight of a lack of symmetry, thinking about acting inappropriately, shouting obscenities, etc.

Some of the common symptoms of OCD include repeatedly washing hands, compulsive counting, checking again and again on certain things, etc. For instance, patients may frequently check whether doors and windows have been secured inside an apartment, or whether the oven is switched on or switched off, etc.

What can influence such behavior?

OCD is an outcome of imperfect brain structure or specific chemical abnormalities in the brain. Genetics is also a possible causative factor. No one single reason is found as the main cause of this psychological disorder. Therefore, the exact reason behind this mental disorder eludes science till date. Many studies indicate that environmental factors may trigger this mental condition. For example, sexual or physical abuse in childhood or infections like streptococcal can trigger the subsequent development of OCD.


How can OCD be managed?
OCD can be treated with psychotherapy, medication, and a combination of both. The ideal treatment is determined by the condition of the patient and to which mode of treatment he or she is most responsive. When opting for antipsychotic medication, one needs to discuss this with his or her doctor to understand the benefits and side effects before commencing the medication. When it comes to treating the children or the adults, psychotherapy offers the most effective results.

Patients and their caregivers must realize that OCD does not have a surefire cure. Therefore, it may last for years or sometimes even a lifetime. However, proper psychological evaluation, therapies, and treatment should prevent the condition from worsening. These interventions help in controlling and managing the symptoms to ensure a long normal life. Patients are advised to visit a psychologist in case they identify any signs of OCD because early detection is the first step to effective treatment. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3631 people found this helpful

An Insight On Obsessive Compulsive Disorder!

DNB, Diploma In Psychological Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
An Insight On Obsessive Compulsive Disorder!

All or most of us have the habit of double checking if the house is locked before leaving home or cleaning the house extensively till it is spotlessly clean. But if such behavior becomes an obsession that you can't help doing it and go about it compulsively to the extent that it affects your normal life, it might be a case of OCD. OCD which is the acronym for obsessive-compulsive disorder, a chronic disorder in which a person has uncontrollable reoccurring thoughts and an unavoidable urge to perform a particular activity over and over.

How to know if it is OCD?

  • People affected with OCD have both, obsessional and compulsion symptoms. Obsessions are repeated thoughts, images and urges that create anxiety in human mind like fear of contamination or germs, expecting things to stay in perfect order, feeling taboo against caste, sex religion, and corresponding harm and so on.
  • Compulsions are repetitive actions performed by an OCD patient in response to his or her obsessional thoughts which may include excessive washing, cleaning, arranging things in a particular way, repeated checking out things or work done, counting things over and over again and more.
  • However, not all repetitive actions are signs of OCD. It's common to see a person checking a crucial work done by him twice. This becomes obsessive when a person is not able to control his thoughts and activities, gets distressed about not performing those activities and spends a significant amount of time in a day on these tasks.

Who are vulnerable to OCD?

The causes of OCD are not yet clearly known. However, people have higher chances of developing OCD when their first-degree relatives are affected by the problem. Moreover, the risk goes even higher when the first-degree relative was affected at his young or teenage. Researchers are still working to find the link between OCD and genes so that causes, diagnosis, and treatment of OCD get better in future.

Studies have also revealed that there might be some connection between OCD and abnormalities in some regions of the brain. People who experience traumatizing experiences in their childhood or during their life are highly susceptible to OCD. However, such ideas have not yet been proved.

How can the condition be managed?
OCD is treated with psychotherapy, meditation, or a combination of both. However, some medicines help to get over OCD and its symptoms. But the best way to help an OCD patient is if he can himself get his obsessions and compulsion under control. Medicines will always help OCD symptoms but might have some side effects.

The OCD symptoms may come and go, go easy over time or worsen. Patients might identify the problem themselves or might fail to understand the abnormalities in their lifestyle. If a person feels that he/she is being affected by OCD, there is a need to consult the doctor before it disturbs the normal life.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4416 people found this helpful

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - Can You Manage It?

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Nagpur
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - Can You Manage It?

Do you switch off the lights a certain number of times before going to bed? Do you clean your windows even after they have been cleaned more than once in the day? Do you check your locks again and again before stepping out? If yes, then chances are you that are suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). OCD is something which is difficult to overcome. However, the great thing is that it is not something that happens to be untreatable.

OCD is something which affects a range of people and to varying degrees. To some, it may have the effect of making their lives a little unusual, and to others it can go some way in greatly mitigating the pleasure they get out of living their lives. A person who suffers from OCD keeps on doubting his or her actions, especially when it comes to the possible repercussions of him or her not doing what he or she was supposed to do. This could include a person asking himself or herself whether he or she has put the gas off, or turned the tap off in the bath tub before to leaving the house.

Taking control of the obsession

  1. In order to reduce the adverse impact that OCD has on the life of a person, it is important to exercise regularly. This is because OCD is an issue which has a lot to do with the nervous system, along with the brain, and the benefits of exercise on the nervous system can have a meaningful impact.
  2. A lot of the problems a person experiences with respect to his or her health has to do with the amount of sleep he or she gets. It should really not come as a surprise in that case that it is not much different in the case of OCD. When a person does not get as much sleep as he or she normally should, it can cause issues by way of thoughts and ruminations in a mind that is not rested to an extent that is adequate.
  3. Many people seek to control their OCD by trying to avoid the fears they face. However, it should be noted that this is not a good way to go about with it due to the fact that avoidance is very likely to compound the level of fear. Instead, a person who suffers from OCD should make an effort to follow a ritual which involves making sure whatever he or she is afraid of is incorporated in it.

OCD is something which has the potential to scare a lot of people. However, adequate effort and treatment can make sure that it no longer should. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.

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Popular Questions & Answers

I'm a very religious person, I believe in god and worship whole heartedly. But whenever I pray my mind tells me not to believe god and asks really god exists? Really I'm worrying for thinking bad about god like this, I'm taking medicines for ocd, taking fluoxetine 80 mg and respidon 1 mg. Why my mind thinks like that even though I have belief in god. Please help me.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd, Transactional Analysis
Psychologist, Bangalore
Obviously if you have ocd, your mind will question the authenticity of almost everything. Having the thought is in itself not a bad thing, it is the indulgence in them that could influence you negatively. So learn to dismiss them as part of the ocd. Keep the faith and persevere in it till it is predominant and strong. Meet with a counselor also and then if that person recommends another psychiatrist for whatever reason to deal with this issue, do visit one as soon as possible. Please take your parents with you to determine the possible developmental issues that may have contributed to this condition. This is a fear-based condition and for some reason you have not been dealing with this childhood fear which has now developed unto these repetitive adaptations to seem to need it for normal functioning. The behavior will then become based on magical thinking and certain rituals will become necessary to do normal things making you believe that either the frequency or the ritual is important to its success. This of course is a fallacy but there will come a time that even if told the truth, your belief will defy any logic and you will continue behaving like that even if it cripples you in your daily routines. It only appears as though some other force is behind these behaviors and that you are compelled to act in this fashion. That is obviously not true but no one can convince you of anything different. The obsession is a repeating thought pattern with no meaningful outcome; and the compulsiveness is the need to act on those obsessions also in a repeated behavior pattern as though you just cannot help yourself. This is all driven by fear and when you are frustrated with it, you will escalate anger over it. Doubt, insecurity, uncertainty, and lack of firm memory will all plague you and increase stress. There are certain behavioral techniques to be implemented and if they work you may get out of this condition rather easily. If that does not work as desired, then medication has to be introduced, and in combination with counseling much work can be achieved.
18 people found this helpful

Sir, I takes sertee 100 for ocd by doctor. Bt I feeling whole day tiredness & felling weakness, intellectual thought is very low, I am very trouble from these problem. I am a student of competitive exam, bt my study productivity is very low, please help me. Thank you.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common mental health problem. Symptoms typically include recurring thoughts and repetitive actions in response to the recurring thoughts. A common example is recurring thoughts about germs and dirt, with a need to wash your hands repeatedly to "clean off the germs" However, there are many other examples like sexual thoughts, counting, checking, orderliness, etc. The usual treatments are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant medicine, or both. Treatment often works well to reduce the symptoms and distress of OCD greatly. All the best.

I am taking clomipramine 75 mg tab at night along with other medicines. I have suffered from high heart rate (122) at morning without anxiety. Whereas my lipid profile is under normal range. Please suggest.

Post Graduate in Rehabilitation Psychology, MA Clinical Psychology, BA Applied Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Heart palpitation is one of the another sign of anxiety, try to focus on meditation for complete remission and long term effects.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, I Male 32 years old suffering by ocd, phobia, anxiety since last 7 years what medicine should I take. Please suggest?

Masters in Psychiatric Epidemiology, Diploma in Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Phobia, anxiety and ocd all come under of spectrum of anxiety disorders which are treatable. You can choose pharmacology treatment or psychotherapy. Best effects are shown by combination of both (pharmacotherapy for short term and mid term results and psychotherapy for long term results). For best results, visit a psychiatrist or psychologist.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is OCD?

Experts Advice :

More About OCD :

Play video
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

I am Dr. Kushal Jain. I did my specialisation MD in Psychiatry from AIIMS in 2004 -2007. I also did a specialisation in Public Health from Sweden. I have worked with World Health Organisation in Geneva in the year 2010. I have over 14 years of practice in psychiatry. Currently, I am working as Senior Consultant Psychiatrist at Max Hospital, New Delhi. Today I will be giving you a brief overview about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder which is a very common anxiety disorder. OCD represents nearly 1% of all the psychiatric illness in the community. When an individual is suffering from OCD he gets repetitive thoughts. The thoughts which he finds to be senseless and sometimes irrational.

While they keep coming he tries to stop them but he is not able to get rid of them that is the situation that the person has intense anxiety and to take care of that anxiety person commits repeated acts. The repeated thoughts are called as obsession and actions which are being done to reduce that anxiety is called compulsive act. For example, many people have repetitive thoughts of dirt and contamination and to reduce the anxiety because of those thoughts they keep washing their hands again and again. Some people have repetitive thoughts of doubts that the locks are not being closed properly and they have to check it again and again and this creates intense amount of anxiety.

Over the period of time these thoughts and actions becomes so pervasive that they take too long for routine activities to engage. For example, the person who has repeated obsessive thoughts he is not able to study, not able to do office work, not able to enjoy life and that makes things quite dysfunctional. This situation is very important to address to restore the health and well being of the individual. What happens in the brain? Biologically there is a chemical in the brain called serotonin. Serotonin is the chemical which helps normally in coping stress but in case of OCD the role of serotonin is like a chemical break. It stops repetitive thoughts from coming again and again. So when the serotonin level goes down the thoughts keep coming again and again.

So this is exactly the biological basis of OCD. When we treat OCD, the treatment modalities involve medication which improves the level of serotonin and hence restore the efficiency of chemical break and the repetitive thoughts keeps going down. At the parallel side we also do psychotherapy and relaxation things which helps in reducing the anxiety. The anxiety goes down the level of serotonin in the brain again rises and hence improvement in OCD happens. Over the period of time medication can be reduced and stop while psychotherapy can continue and help people adapt to the new lifestyle with less amount of stress. With timely intervention, OCD can be managed very effectively.

The treatment is safe effective and very evidence based. It is very important that if anyone feels that they have repetitive thoughts or doubts in the head, thoughts which they don't want to have but they keep coming, again and again, I would urge them to seek a consultant. I and my team of psychologist and psychiatrist are quite efficient in treating this in the shortest possible time. We are here to help you to restore health and well being and help you enjoy the life to the fullest. I know OCD is not a life threatening illness but it takes away happiness from your life. It takes away the efficiency of your performance. It can be quiet disturbing. People have extreme anxiety is like palpitation, breathlessness, sweating which can be quite disabling for an individual. With effective and timely treatment OCD can be managed very efficiently.

Thank you!
Play video
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Hello, I am Dr Sudeshna Biswas, senior consultant Neuro Psychiatrist attached with Fortis C Doc Hospital, Nehru Place and I have my own clinic at Siya Park. Today,w e are going to discuss a very common disorder, called OCD.

What is OCD?

OCD is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Two terms we get from this name which is Obsessive and Compulsive. So let us first know;

What is Obsession?

Obsession is persistent intrusive recurrent thoughts.

And what is compulsion?

Compulsion is an action which one does to reduce the anxiety related to this obsession.

Now, when do we call that someone has OCD?

When these symptoms of OCD occurs many times in a day or takes a lot of time and is very distressing, then the person should think that he/ she is suffering from OCD. If we talk about the age groups, it is prevalent in all age groups. Males and females are equally having this disorder. So symptoms should be known to detect the OCD.

So, the symptoms we are going to discuss under the sub headings of the OCDs. These are the types of OCDs.

The most common type of OCD is OCD of contamination followed by washing. Under this, a person starts thinking that all the things around them are dirty and they keep on cleaning the things again and again till the time they get sure that it is cleaned.
The second most common type of OCD is Obsession of Doubt where a person starts doubting themselves that they have not done the work properly. So he would keep checking the things whether he had done it or not. Like he might check the locks, might check the gas stoves, might check the cylinders, emails, SMS etc.
The third type of OCD is Obsession of Thoughts. This is one of the obsessions with which we get a lot of patients. Suddenly the thought starts coming to their mind that they can harm someone or thought that someone might do something to them or something bad may happen to them. Some sexual thoughts may come to their mind which is very distressing, sexual thoughts regarding their friends, their relatives or even God or Goddess for which they feel guilty.
Another type of OCD is Somatic Obsession. In Somatic obsession, people start thinking that something bad is happening in their body and keep on thinking about plenty of disorders which might have happened. They might keep on checking their pulse again and again, considering that their pulse is getting high
Next type is called Symmetrical Obsession where the person starts keeping the things in very symmetrical order.
Few more types of Obsession are there like someone might have an obsession of religiosity. In this, people start becoming very religious.
Some more type of OCD can be where a person might question again and again the same question, or they might tell the same thing, again and again, thinking that the other person is not understanding their point of view. So, this is the Obsession of Questioning.
The obsession of numbers where a person is obsessed with some particular number. Suppose a person is obsessed with the number 3.4 or 5. So, the person starts doing all the activities according to that number.
One more thing which is there is hair pulling and nail-biting which can be the part of OCD.
So, these are the symptoms of OCD.

Now coming to the treatment of OCD.

The treatment of OCD is divided into 2 types.

1) Medicinal

2) Therapy- Therapy can be of few types which can be a behavioural therapy. Other types of therapies can be a group therapy, Cognitive behavioural therapy.

So at the end, I just want to tell you that please detect the symptoms as early as possible and you should detect the same in the people around you. And you should reach the professional in your nearby areas.

If you need my help, please reach to me directly by contacting me and seek up an appointment or you can contact the app Lybrate and take up an appointment.

Thank you very much.

Play video
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Symptoms and treatment of OCD

I welcome all Lybrate viewers. Mera naam Ashish kumar Mittal hai. Main Columbia Asia Hospital, Gurgaon mein Consultant Psychiatrist hu. Aaj hum Obessive Compulsive Disorder ya OCD ki bimaari ke baare mein discussion karege.

Is bimaari ke pramukh symptoms hai baar bar safai karna ya safai ka vehem hona. Is bimaari mein log apne ghar ko baar baar saaf karte hai, zada kapde saaf karte hai, bartan dhule hone ke baawajood usko saaf kar dete hai. Kaafi logo ko dekha gaya hai infection ka vehem ho jaata hai. Unko lagta hai wo koi bhi cheez ko touch karege ya unknown cheez ko touch karege toh infection unme aaj jayege. Toh jiske wajah se wo koi bhi cheez ko touch karne se avoid karte hai, paper napkin ya romaal use karte hai. Ya fir log touch karne ke baad baar baar hath dhote hai. Market se aayege toh unko lagega ke koi infection unke shareer pe lag gaya hai aur wo nahane chale jayege jisme wo kaafi samay lete hai.

Is bimaari mein mareezon ko dekha gaya hai ke galat galat thoughts aate hai. Wo bhagwaan ke liye ho sakte hai ya apne family members ke liye bhi ho sakte hai. Toh is bimaari ke pramukh symptom hai doubt, fear ya negative thoughts aana. Is bimaari ke wajah se log repetition karte rehte hai, ek hi kaam ko karte rehte hai jisse wo thak jaate hai aur apni full efficiency se kaam nahi kar paate, jisse unke kaam mein delay ho jaata hai, ghar ke kaam mein delay, koi job kar raha hai toh job mein unko kaafi diqqat aati hai halaaki ye log kaafi samajhdar hote hai lekin bimaari ke wajah se dhang se kaam nahi kar paate hai, naahi uspe dhyan laga paate hai. Is bimaari ke wajah se wo dusro pe gussa bhi karne lag jaate hai kyunki unki ek tendency bann jaati hai perfect tareeke se kaam karne ki.

Is bimaari ke hote huye bhi logo ko pata hai ke diqqat hai unke sath aur baar baar repeat kar rahe hai, par wo ye sochte hai ki ye unki aadat hai. Wo nahi soch paate kaafi baar ke jaankari ke abhaav mein ke ye ek bimaari bhi so sakti hai. Dusre log bhi sochte hai ke ye iski aadat hai ya ye vehmi aadmi hai aur wo is bimaari ke bare mein naa jagrut hona chahte hai aur naa lena chahte hai. Lekin aapko dhyan rakhna hoga ke ye ek bimaari hai. Ye ek OCD ki bimaari hai jiski jaankari aajkal internet se bhi avail kar sakte hai. Agar aapko ye symptoms hai toh aap apne nearbypsychiatrist se mil sakte hai aur usse consult kar sakte hai. Treatment ke roop mein isme medical treatment and counseling ke roop mein CPT ya ERP kiya jaata hai jo ki har bade sheher mein available hai.

Agar aapko OCD se related koi bhi samasya hai toh aap mujhe gurgaon mein sampark kar sakte hai ya Lybrate pe consult kar sakte hai.
Play video
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder || Symptoms & Treatment

I am Dr. Ashish Satpal, I am consultant psychiatrist working at Oshiwara, Kandivali, Mira Road and Bhayandar.

Today we are going to talk about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder jaise dekha Jaye it is very common in Indian and other countries. If we see the probability of having obsessive compulsive disorder is 1 in 100, jaise sau logon mein se ek aadmi ko obsessive compulsive disorder ho sakta hai. Males or females purusho aur striyon mein samantar hai, koi alag bhed- bhav nahi hai isme. Obsessive compulsive disorder mein mainly start hota hai obsession se, jahan pe wherein the patient get recurrent interusive thought for jaise ki baar baar ek ki vichar aana koi particular soch ke baare mein, koi particular image ya phir koi interusive impulse ke baare mein, jisme agar wo patient control nahi kar paya woh thought to us wajah se anxirty yani ki ghabrahat ho sakti hai. Yeh ghabrahat kam karne ke liye usually patient compultion karta hai jise kriya kehte hain as in baar baar haath dhona ya phir baar baar koi cheez check karna toh is kriya ki wajah se usse temporary relief milta hai jis wajah se jo obsession jo thought tha woh exacerbate ho jata hai, yeh ek positive cycle ki tarah har baar jitni baar yeh obsession, anxiety, compulsion and temporary relief hoga uthna hai ye circuit from hota jata hai. In obsessive compulsion disorder usually jo humne dekha gaya hai ki ek soch jo atuck jati hai is wajah se baar baar ye kriya hoti rehti hai for example kisi ko soch aati hai ki mere haath gande hain ya phir cheeze aas paas gandi hai toh uska compulsion hoga ki woh baar baar hath dhoega, kisi ko baar baar khyal aayega ki maine light band kiya hai ke nahi, switch band kiya hai ki nahi, gas knob band kiya hai ki nahi uska compulsion hoga ki baar baar woh check karega. Is wajah se jyadatar patient apna time waste kar lete hain, jaise ki ek ghanta ya dade ghanta sirf nahane mein ya hath dhone mein guzar dena, ya phir baar baar ek hi khayal aana ki meine woh cheez check ki hai ki nahi. Koi koi patient ko rituals rehte hain jaise ki itni baar bhagwan ka naam lena taki mujhe achha lage ya phir mera din kharab ho jayega baar baar koi impulse jo aati hai unko ki mujhe baar baar mobile check karna hai, mujhe baar baar ye dekhna hai ki maine barabar sahi jagah pe hoon ke nahi, is wajah se jyadatar woh apna jo kaam rehta hai wo bhul jate hain. Yeh day to day life mai bahut impact karta hai kuch kuch hudd tak kitna hota hai ki 24 ghante mein se 16 se 18 ghante patient ye kriyaon mein time waste karte hai. OCD ya Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ke themes alag alag hote hain, ek theme hai contamination jaise ki gandagi ke baare mein khayal aana aur usse related compulsion hai, cleaning, saaf safai karna. Doosra theme hai symmetry ki cheeze barabar hai ke nahi uske baare mein check karte rehna, uska compulsion hai ki hum baar baar cheeze arrange karne lag jate hain. Teesra theme hai anger, gussa aana baar baar gusse ke baare mein khayal aana, uska jo compulsion jo kiya hai ke hum apne aap ko baar baar check karte rehte hain. Aur ek theme hai ki anchahi impulse baar baar aana, jaise ki sexual thought jo baar baar intersuve hai jo humko theek nahi lagta aur uska jo compulsion part hai usme hum rituals karte hain ki hum bhagwan ka naam le lenge, ya phir hum koi jagah avoid karenge jaana toh isme jyadatar log fas jaate hain aur uss wajah se day to day life mein yeh impact karta hai. Obsessive compulsive disorder childhood ya early adolescence jaise ki early age mein teenagers mein usually start hota hai lekin agar yeh late detect hua jaise ki middle age toh iska aage chalke prognosis achha rehta hai. If it is early age like childhood me detect hua hai toh prognosis thoda guarded hoga, jo karan hai obsessive-compulsive disorder hone ke wo ab tak bahut clear nahi hai, the exact cause is unknown. Jo karan bataye gaye hain literature main usme ek cause hai ki genetic, jaise ki anuvanshik karan ho sakta hai jaise ki aapki family mein kisi ko OCD hai to aap ko hone ki probability around 30 to 40% hogi,. Dusra karan hai environmental factor, jaise ki aap ke aas paas ki jo cheeze hai jaise ki stressful life substance use nasha karna ya phir koi bhi cheez ka samvedansheel hona yeh sare karan ki wajah se OCD bad sakta hai. OCD ki treatment agar hum dekhe jaye toh usually doh part me hoti hai, ek hoti hai psychotherapy jisme hum log cognitive behavioral therapy use karte hain jiska part hai exposure and response prevention. Jaise ki psychotherapy mein hum log usually patient ko uss darr se expose karte hain aur jo uske eventually compulsion activity rehte hain unko prevent karna sikhate hain. ERP ya Exposure Response Prevention has shown good result in early cases, jo cases bahut jayada hote hain usme hum log medicines use kar sakte hain, medicines jaise ki serotonin wale medicine SSRIs. Serotonin aisa ek jayadatar dekha gaya hai ki OCD me serotonin ka level kafi kam hota hai, toh jaise hi hum dawaiya shuru karte hain jaise ki SSRIs Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor, jisme brain mein serotonin ki matra bad jati hai aur yeh jo circuit hai yeh thoda slow ho jata hai. Medicines or therapy ke saath mein OCD ko hum kafi acchi tarah control kar sakte hain. OCD ye ek aisi bimari hai jo day to day life mein humko her ek cheez mein hum ko latka sakti hai. OCD ka sahi ilaj pehla step yeh hai ki hum OCD ko samjho OCD ko samajhne ke baad hum aage usko apnaye aur therapy ki aur bade. OCD ye ek aisi bimari hai jo hume har samay humko fight karna padega ke aise nahi hai ki char din goli khayi aur aap theek ho gaye, maybe treatment can go up to maybe one year or maybe 3 years also. But then you have to be persistent aapke jo prayatna rehte hain wo regular hone chahiye tabhi aapko isme asar dekhega.

For more information regarding OCD or any other psychiatric disorders you can contact me through lybrate portal, aap mujhse sampark kar sakte hain lybrate online services se ya phir aap mujhe personally aake bhi consult kar sakte hain.
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Tips on How to deal with obsessive compulsive disorder

Hello friends. I am Dr Rahul Chandok. I am a senior consultant psychiatrist with the Fortis group of hospitals. And I am having my own practice at my clinic, My home clinic in Faridabad.

Coming to today s topic which is understanding OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. OCD, also known as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is affecting about 2% of the population at some point of time in their life which makes it 1 in 40 persons is going to have it. It is 2 to 3 times more common than other chronic psychiatric disorder like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. So every person has a brain and I believe the brain thinks. When it comes to OCD we have to understand that the thinking becomes affected. When the thinking is normal, it is under the person s control and is as per his or her will. But when the brain gets under stress there is a neurochemical called serotonin which becomes less. And because of that the thinking becomes automatic. Thoughts come on their own, that are uncontrollable, unwilling, they are excessive. Person gets them repetitively. And they are negative. The person also understands they are baseless. But because of the fear which arises out of that, the person becomes excessively anxious. And to reduce this anxiety of fear the person does certain acts which suppose the person gets a doubt then the person does checking, suppose the person has a thought that might be the hands are dirty or the person is not clean enough. Or the germs will affect him or her. The person repetitively does washing. If the person is not able to do any activity to reduce anxiety, then the person starts avoiding things. And if the person is not able to do any of these the person gets angry. If all these persists for a period of time, then the person might go into depression.

The message which I would like to extend is that OCD is definitely treatable. You have to understand how and what is happening. We have to correct the level of serotonin which is possible through the use of medication which are definitely in today s times are much better what we had earlier.

Side effects are very less and the results are pretty quick. And yes we definitely use therapy work to make the person understand or to fight OCD or what to do with the thoughts. The trick is that we have to learn to ignore these thoughts because at some of their lives every person gets negative thoughts but they are able to ignore them But a person with OCD is stuck so OCD is definitely treatable take help of the doctor or psychiatrist. Don t be afraid of the medication and learn how to tackle it.

You can either contact me for treatment at my various work places or at my clinic. Or you can contact me through Lybrate for its management. Thank you.
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