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Ocd - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a mental illness where patients with this disease, feel that they need to check on things repetitively. OCD patients ritualistically perform certain actions as a routine or have certain thoughts that they harbor repeatedly. Some of the most common activities that OCD people often do is like counting things, repeated hand washing or see if the doors and windows are locked. Some of the OCD patients all find difficult to throw unnecessary or old junks off. These activities happen to such a degree that most often they tend to jeopardize their normal life and their daily life gets negatively affected. Though most adult OCD patients realize that their strange behavior doesn’t make sense, but still they just can’t stop.

Experts on this disease, says that OCD affects about 2.3% of people around the globe, at some point in their lives. Generally the symptoms start after the age of 35, although there are many who even develop OCD symptoms even before 20. Male and female are equally affected with this malady.

If you have OCD, there are several ways you can help yourself to recover from this disease. One of the most powerful strategies to abolish the OCD rituals that make your obsessions going on.

Don’t avoid your fears

It may seem to be a wise decision to avoid your obsessive thoughts, but in reality the more you do so, the scarier you shall feel. So, it’s best to expose yourself to your OCD triggers and then try to delay or resist the urge to complete your relief-seeking OCD ritual. If resistance on your part gets too hard, try to lessen the amount of time you spend on doing them. It has been noticed that the more number of times you expose yourself to your OCD triggers, your anxiety should also lessen and you shall soon realize that you have started to understand that you are in more control of your OCD rituals than you think.

Refocus your attention

When you are experiencing your OCD urges and thoughts, try to shift your attention to something else instead. You can go for a walk, do exercise, surf the web, and make a phone call, play video games and others. The important thing is, whatever that you do, enjoy doing something for at least 20 minutes, in order to delay your responses to the compulsive thoughts.

Anticipate OCD urges

By anticipating your obsessive and compulsive urges, even before they arise, you can help yourself to get rid of your OCD. Whatever the compulsive thoughts be, pay extra attention to the job the very first time. So that when the urge to do or check arises later, you will find it easier to re-label the thought as an obsessive disorder.

The cause for this mental disease is unknown. However, according to doctors both genetic and environmental factors are believed to play a role in developing this malady.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Fear of getting contaminated by dirt or germs or get distressed thinking about contaminating others. Double-checking of things excessively, such as appliances, locks and switches. Praying excessively or participating in religious rituals- which are triggered by fear. Accumulating junk and not disposing them off. Intrusively thinking of sexually explicit, violent thoughts and images. Repeatedly checking on the family members and loved ones to see that they are safe.

Popular Health Tips

Medications - How They Help In Treating Psychiatric Issues?

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS, DNB - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ludhiana
Medications - How They Help In Treating Psychiatric Issues?
What are antidepressants and mood elevators? Often depression or mood changes are caused by the imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain. Anti-depressants or mood elevators are medications that are prescribed to patients with depression to alleviate their symptoms. Anti-depressants are not solely used for the treatment of depression, it is also prescribed in other psychiatric conditions which includes anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), dysthymia (mild chronic depression) etc. With time, the use of anti-depressants has been on the rise. Although, anti-depressants do not cure your depression, it relieves the symptoms of the same. Anti-depressants come in various types. The first one you try may not benefit you; however you must consult your doctor and find the right choice of medication for your condition. Anti-depressant adherence Non-adherence to anti-depressants can have major consequences on your health. It also majorly contributes to the under treatment of anxiety and depression in maximum cases in the population. The reasons why people do not comply with their therapy or treatment are various; forgetting to take the medicine being the primary one. Other factors that contribute to non-adherence of anti-depressants include, fear of addiction, high cost of medications, fear of drug-induced sexual dysfunction, delayed onset of action of the medication, poor instructions and protocols given by the doctor and fear of side effects. Adherence to the medication with proper guidance from the doctor has seen to decrease the symptoms of depression in the patients, leading them get back to their normal life. Under-treatment of depression can become fatal. If the depression escalates, suicidal tendencies can follow. Apart from these, suddenly stopping the medication has been associated with withdrawal symptoms which can get fatal in severe cases. In recent times, depression has become a common problem with the rise of fatalities caused by depression. As important as it may be to consult a doctor to get your symptoms diagnosed and get the right treatment, it is of equal importance that one adheres to the therapy and abides by the guidelines.
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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Dr. Ashish Sakpal 89% (718 ratings)
DNB (Psychiatry), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
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Symptoms and treatment of OCD

OCD - Can Medication Help You Overcome It?

Dr. Jagadeesan M.S. 97% (10218 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
OCD - Can Medication Help You Overcome It?
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a condition, which is characterized by a constant occurrence of compulsive behavior and obsessive thoughts. People across all ages are affected by this condition; in some cases, it might start early whereas, in others, it develops around the early years of childhood. This is a very distressing condition as it can cause significant interference in your daily life. It is recommended to get it treated at the earliest to manage its symptoms effectively. Symptoms Obsessive compulsive disorder causes an obsession about an unwanted (forbidden or unfounded) thought, urge or an image. This obsession may result in disgust, unease and feelings of anxiety. A compulsion is defined as a certain behavior that is usually repetitive, something that you tend to do over and over again to get rid of the constant anxiety. An example would be to constantly check the windows of the house resulting from an uncorroborated fear that the house may be burgled. The causes of obsessive compulsive disorder are: Chemical imbalances in the brain marked by low serotonin levels Family history of OCD People who are meticulous, neat and methodical might develop OCD Certain traumatic events such as having been bullied or abused can also cause OCD Treatment There are multiple treatment options. The aim of the treatments is to manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life. The treatments are: Medications: Certain antidepressants that alter the chemical imbalance in the brain can treat OCD. Psychological therapy: Counselling or cognitive behavioral therapy is very effective in treating OCD. Cognitive behavioral therapy aims to modify one s thinking pattern and get rid of unnecessary fears and thoughts.
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Obsessive Compulsive Disorders - 7 Signs To Help You Spot It!

Dr. Pooja Anand Sharma 89% (75 ratings)
Ph.D - Psychology, M.Sc. - Counselling and Psychotherapy, M.A - Psychology, Certificate in Psychometric Testing, Basic Course in Integrated Hypnotic Modality for Behavioral Resolution, Certificate in Cognitive Behavioral for Couple, B.Ed- Psychology Hon.
Psychologist, Delhi
Obsessive Compulsive Disorders - 7 Signs To Help You Spot It!
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a serious disabling mental illness that traps people in an endless cycle of repetitive thoughts and behaviours. People with OCD are plagued by recurrent thoughts, fears, or obsessions that are anxiety-producing. Usually, even though the patient knows that the fears or obsessions are senseless, he or she can t control them. The anxiety produced by these recurring thoughts leads to an urgent need to perform certain rituals or routines which are called compulsions. These compulsions could be washing one s hands, cleaning the house or any such thing. These rituals are performed to make the obsessive thoughts go away, which they do for a short time, only to come back again stronger. The person is thus involved in acting out compulsions for hours together in a day, which really affects his relationships, profession or studies. Symptoms of OCD The symptoms of OCD are the obsessions and compulsions that a patient battles with daily. The common obsessions are: Fear of contamination by germs Fear of causing harm to other people Fear of mistakes Fear of being embarrassed in public Fear of thinking sinful thoughts Need for exactness and order Need for constant reassurance due to excessive doubt In order to get over these obsessions, the patient carries out these common compulsions: Washing hands or bathing repeatedly Refusing to shake hands Repeatedly checking stoves and locks Constant counting while performing routine daily tasks Constantly arranging and re-arranging things in an orderly manner Eating foods in a specific order off the plate Repeating specific phrases or prayers A need to perform tasks a certain number of times daily Collecting items which are useless of have no apparent value The cause of OCD is not yet certain. It was thought to happen due to low levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin, but today scientists think it could be because of problems in the pathways of the brain that link areas dealing with judgment to an area that filters messages involving body movements. The treatment is medication and something called Cognitive behaviour therapy. In this, the psychologist teaches people with OCD to confront their fears and reduce anxiety but without acting out the compulsions. Cognitive therapy focuses on reducing the over-thinking that is seen in OCD patients. Medication therapy uses medicines like antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) like Prozac and Zoloft, to quote the most common ones. Psychiatrists also use antipsychotics as they have shown to relieve OCD symptoms. If medications and cognitive behaviour therapy both fail, then doctors have to take recourse to electroconvulsive therapy or ECT. The thing to remember is that OCD will not go away by itself, how-so-ever long you wait. So, pick yourself up and seek treatment before the OCD symptoms get out of hand.
5333 people found this helpful

OCD - Know All About It!

Dr. Rahul Chandhok 88% (11 ratings)
M.D Psychiatry , MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
OCD - Know All About It!
OCD stands for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. It is a disease where obsessions lead to repetitive behavior or compulsions. In this mental disease, people think that they need to keep on checking things on a repeat mode due to very strange fears and obsessions. People affected by this disease cannot control either their thoughts or their activities for more than a short span of time. The common things that people affected by Obsessive Compulsive Disorder do repeatedly are washing their hands, checking the time, checking if the door is locked properly, counting of things. It is a type of anxiety disorder which negatively affects the day to day life of the patient. Let us discuss the symptoms, causes, and diagnosis of OCD to know about the disease clearly. The Symptoms of OCD People affected by this disease might experience anxiety at a greater level that leads to compulsive behaviors, hyperactivity and impulsivity is a common symptom in the patients. They keep on repeating their own words a number of times. The symptoms also include isolation from the society and trying to live alone. Agitation is also a symptom of the disease. Checking the time, washing their hands, cleaning the place, again and again, are some of the activities that they repeatedly do. Other symptoms include depression, fear. These are the common symptoms that are noticed in the people affected by OCD. The Causes of OCD The causes of OCD depend on neurological factors along with genetic, behavioral, cognitive and environmental factors as well. If someone in the family had OCD then there is a chance that you might also be affected by this disorder. Research says that the brain functions differently in those people. Though, the exact causes of OCD are still unknown. If a person experiences some event that seemed unlikely to them, the activities of the event might be triggered in their brain which can also cause the person to be affected by the disorder. The Diagnosis of OCD A physical examination may be done to rule out the chances of other related diseases. Then, lab tests are carried out for further details that are required. But a person affected by OCD requires talking to other people and socialization. It is always advisable to consult a doctor and treat the patient with his medical knowledge for better treatment. Do not take the help of any medications without consulting a doctor. OCD can occur in both males and females and at any age. The treatment of OCD may or may not be successful. It depends on the condition of the patient entirely. OCD patients need the support of their family to recover soon and properly. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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Popular Questions & Answers

My son has been undergoing severe Depression. Earlier treated for OCD. Does not co operate to visit doctor for counselings. How can we counsel him if he does not want to go to any doctor? He is an adult. He lacks concentration in studies and addicted to Smart phone, internet game.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry, DPM
Psychiatrist, Jamshedpur
Unless and until he consults a psychiatrist nobody will be able to help him. It has to be clarified if he has only OCD or only depression or is it comorbid.

In homeopathy only through medicine cure is possible for ocd and social phobia. Or behavioral therapy needed?

Dr. Neha Khodke 92% (36 ratings)
Doctor of Homeopathic Medicine (M.D.), Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS), Post Graduate Diploma in Counselling Psychology
Homeopath, Mumbai
Hello lybrate-user, In any kind of psychological condition, counselling is required along with medicines. You have made the right choice by thinking of Homeopathy. With a combination of Homeopathy and Counselling, both OCD and Social Phobia can be well managed. You can get in touch with me for clearer guidance. Regards.

My wife is 6 month pregnant, as I read on internet may be see is suffering from ocd, like she has habit of washing hand leg mouth repetitive time, once she entered in washroom she wash her hand 4 to 5 times. She is always afraid from bad people's, if she see someone to whom some one she don't like ,she start washing her hand. She is so much afraid of diseases ,like if she heard word of cancer or see some patient of cancer or listen song of any acter or actress who had cancer see is afraid. If any clothes see is wearing and seen any bad people who did wrong with her in past, like any college any family person, so see wil not wear same clothes again and if that clothes wil touched from any thing or any other clothes see also don't use that things or clothes. If see thought or see in mobile about any diseases see fell her hand is not clean so see start washing her hand multiple time. See say, see do all this thing to protect her child from bad things, See has realisation that all this things is wrong then also see can't ignore these thing.

Dr. Saul Pereira 91% (40604 ratings)
Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Yes, this is OCD. There is a an obsession about hygiene and cleanliness: sometimes it can be that she is attempting to clean her thoughts too. Meet with a counselor first and then if that person recommends a psychiatrist to deal with this issue, do visit one as soon as possible. Please take her parents with you to determine the possible developmental issues that may have contributed to this condition. This is a fear-based condition and for some reason she has not been dealing with this childhood fear which has now developed unto these repetitive adaptations to seem to need it for normal functioning. The behavior will then become based on magical thinking and certain rituals will become necessary to do normal things making her believe that either the frequency or the ritual is important to its success. This of course is a fallacy but there will come a time that even if told the truth, her belief will defy any logic and she will continue behaving like that even if it cripples her in your daily routines. It only appears as though some other force is behind these behaviors and that she is compelled to act in this fashion. That is obviously not true but no one can convince her of anything different. The obsession is a repeating thought pattern with no meaningful outcome; and the compulsiveness is the need to act on those obsessions also in a repeated behavior pattern as though she just cannot help herself. This is all driven by fear and when she is frustrated with it, she will escalate anger over it. Doubt, insecurity, uncertainty, and lack of firm memory will all plague her and increase stress. There are certain behavioral techniques to be implemented and if they work she may get out of this condition rather easily. If that does not work as desired, then medication has to be introduced, and in combination with counseling much work can be achieved.
12 people found this helpful

If dad or mother has mental illness then is it necessary that their child will also get mental illness (depression disorder, anxiety, ocd etc)?

M.Sc, P.G.D.R.P
Psychologist, Kolkata
The prevalence is more in case of first degree relatives having such conditions, though the manifestation totally depends upon individual experiences and level of stress experienced by the children.

My homeopath advised lithium carbonate tablets with the usual homeopathy medicines. I am not sure of the safe dosage and frequency. I suffer from pure ocd and anxiety since 20 years. Is the medicine safe.

Dr. Ravendra Singh 91% (16 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Agra
Dear lybrate-user: Lithium carbonate should only be taken under close supervision of a physician. It is easy to get toxicity and thyroid and kidney tests should be done regularly as long term use of lithium use. Also, there is no scientific evidence that lithium helps with OCD. There are several safe medications that can help with OCD.
2 people found this helpful

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