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OCD Tips

Obsessive Compulsive Behaviour - How To Deal With It?

Dr. Ravi Prakash 87% (53 ratings)
M.D, DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Obsessive Compulsive Behaviour - How To Deal With It?

Obsessive compulsive behaviour is a form of anxiety disorder in which unreasonable thoughts and fears, which are known as obsessions lead one to do repetitive compulsive behaviour. Root causes of obsessive compulsiveness are complex and often deep seated. The underlying emotional states may include the fear of unknown, not being in control, negative outcomes, failure, rejection, shame, annihilation or embarrassment. Many neurobiological factors have been implicated including alterations in some neural circuits and abnormalities of neurochemicals.

One can manage mild obsessions and compulsions easily, whereas, severe obsessive compulsiveness require support of mental health professionals.

The treatment for obsessive compulsive behaviour depends on the severity, which is reflected by how much the condition is affecting the daily life of the person. There are two main treatments. First is a set of psychotherapy techniques. The most well studied of these techniques is cognitive behavioural therapy, which involves several cognitive techniques as well as behavioural techniques like graded exposure and response prevention.

The cognitive behaviour therapy emboldens one to face one's fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without neutralising them with compulsions. During the sessions, one works with therapist to break down the problems into their separate parts like physical feelings, thoughts and actions. The therapist encourages you to face your fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without acting on them. There are several simple cognitive techniques that one can use to control obsessive thoughts. Few examples are 1) Providing yourself strong signals known as anchor codes 2) Thought stopping techniques 3) Distraction techniques 4) Relaxation exercises 5) Self-statements etc.

Behavioral techniques involve exposure to the dreaded phenomena and prevention of subsequent response. People with mild to moderate behaviour usually need about 10 hours of therapist treatment, combined with exercises to be done at home between sessions. Those with moderate to severe symptoms may need a more intensive course of therapy that lasts longer than 10 hours. These exposure exercises need to take place many times a day, and need to be done for one to two hours without engaging in compulsions to undo them. It starts with construction of hierarchy of anxiety-provoking events. Then exposure is started with the situations that cause the least anxiety. Once you have one exposure task, you can move on to a more difficult task, until you have overcome all of the situations that make you anxious.  It is important to remember it can take several months before a treatment has a noticeable effect. It is extremely vital to remember that no one is perfect, nor can anyone recover perfectly.  Even in well-maintained recoveries, people can occasionally mess up and forget what they are supposed to be doing. People with Obsessive compulsive behaviour find that when they confront their anxiety without carrying the compulsion, the anxiety goes away. Each time, the chances of anxiety reduce and last for a shorter period of time. 

In the second case, treatment is by medication to control one's symptoms by altering the balance of chemicals in the brain. The medications have to be strictly taken under the observation of a psychiatrist.

2508 people found this helpful

Top 10 Psychologist in Bangalore!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Top 10 Psychologist in Bangalore!

Psychological disorders such as familial trouble, personality or childhood disorders, anxiety or  depression are more common than we think. If not treated timely they can result in in terminal diseases. Therefore it is important to consult the best psychologist in Bangalore. Here is list of top 10 psychologist in Bangalore:

1. Ms. Sandhya C

M.Sc - Psychotherapy

Ms. Sandhya C is a Psychologist with 4 years of experience and is one of the most trusted Psychologists in Bangalore. She is known for her treatment of anger management, adult counseling, abnormal behavior, drug de-addiction, obsessive compulsive disorder, cognitive behavioral, grief and Premarital Counseling. She is currently practicing at J P Nagar Diagnostics & Health Centre, Bangalore.

Consultation fees: ₹500

2. Ms. Geetha.G

Master Of Science In Counseling & Psychotherapy

Ms. Geetha G. has over 9 years of experience and is a reputed counselling psychologist working with Dr. Levine Memorial Hospital, Bangalore. She has a wide range of services including abnormal behaviour, adult counselling, nicotine de-addiction and anger management. 

Consultation fees: ₹750

3. Dr. Syeda Arifa Tasneem

Msc - Clinical Psychology

Dr. Syeda is a consultant psychologist and hypnotherapist from Bangalore. She is known for her seminars on stress management, psychological disorders and music therapy in the corporate sector. She is an expert in psychological and psychotherapy, stress, family therapy and anger management, child and personal development and learning disability. She is currently associated with Apollo Spectra.
 
Consultation fees: ₹2000

4. Dr. Ms. Hema Sampath

Masters In Clinical Psychology, Diploma In Counselling Skills, NLP

Dr. Hema Sampath is a counseling psychologist and runs a counseling center called regenerating lives, a new beginning. She has been practicing as a counselor for 11 years. Her areas of expertise are adult and couple psychotherapy, stress and anger management, marital and adult counselling.

Consultation fees: ₹1000

5. Dr. Lakshmi.J

MA - Psychology, M.Phil - Mental Health & Social Psychology, PhD - Psychology

Dr. Lakshmi  is a consulting Psychologist, Psychotherapist, Counsellor & Yogic scholar. She has successfully handled cases of  intensive psychological disorders using her advanced and effective therapies. She is currently practicing at Jain University, Bangalore.

Consultation fees: ₹1200

6. Dr. Renu E George

PhD - Clinical Psychology, M.Phil - Clinical Psychology

Dr. Renu E George is a popular clinical psychologist in Bangalore. She is currently affiliated with Brain To Mind: Center For Psychological Assessment & Psychotherapy in Arekere, Bangalore and has 13 years of  experience. She is a member of Indian Association of Clinical Psychologists. Her areas of counselling are psychological assessment, premarital counseling, psychotherapy, and executive functions training for children.

Consultation fees: ₹900

7. Dr. Saul Pereira

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd

Dr. Saul is practicing as a counselling psychologist at Saul Pereira Clinic, Bangalore. He has been  practicing for over 45 years now and has successfully dealt in cases related to stress, addiction of drugs and premarital counselling and parenting issues. Other areas of his  interest are abnormal behavior, psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, OCD management and anger issues. 

Consultation fees: ₹1000

8. Ms. Samiksha Jain

Diploma in Counselling Skills, Basic skills & Counselling, Couple and Family Counselling, Basic course in integrated clinical hypnosis CHI

Ms. Samiksha Jain is known for warmth, care and personal touch in her counselling . She uses some advance techniques for her therapeutic counseling. She has an experience of over 10 years and is currently practicing at Sahara Counselling Services. Before this she was associated with command hospital, sunshine autism school, Taj vivanta and parikrama center for learning. She is a member of international transactional analysis association.
 
Consultation fees: ₹1000

9. Mr. Senthilkumar L

Diploma in psychology, PVA ayurveda

Mr. Senthilkumar L is  a Certified Ayurveda therapist and a psychologist. He specializes in counselling related to Relationship counseling, Marriage/ Couple counseling, Stress Management, Pre-marriage assessment, Work Life Balance issues. He also provides ayurvedic therapies for wellness of body and mind . Other than this he is also a Career and Life coach. He practices at live to life balance.

Consultation fees: ₹500

10. Ms. Sadhana Mishra

M.Sc - Applied Psychology

Dr. Sadhana Mishra is a reputed Clinical Psychologist and Health Psychologist in Mumbai. She has experience of solving various issues using psychoanalysis like treatment of Learning Disorders, Insomnia, Memory problems. Pre-marital Counselling, and treating psychological disorders like anxiety and depression are some other areas of interest.

Consultation fees: ₹800

1 person found this helpful

Top 10 Psychologist in Mumbai!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Top 10 Psychologist in Mumbai!

Psychological disorders are common and can impact anyone around you and including yourself. If you are confused about visiting a psychologist, there are some best psychologist in Mumbai, who are friendly. It is important to take care of mental health in the same way as you take care of physical health. But the irony is that they psychological disorders are often neglected or ignored. You can consult these top 10 psychologists in Mumbai

1. Mrs. Chhaya Jain

M.Sc - Applied Psychology, Advanced Diploma In Counselling Psychology

Mrs. Chhaya Jain is a psychologist and treats psychiatric problems without medicines. She has counselled people struggling with stress, tension and depression to live a happy life in 8 years of experience. She has special interest in cancer counselling. She currently practices at Sion Poly Clinic.

Consultation fees: ₹600

2. Ms. Rashi Anand Laskari

B.A., MA - Counselling Psychology

Ms. Rashi is a certified psychologist who is known for her an broad and collaborative approach to psychotherapy and counselling. She has experience of counselling children, adolescents, couples and families for varied psychological disorders. She is also associated with many academic institutions, and corporate houses and currently practices at Inner Light Counselling Center & Life Care Medical Center, Mumbai.

Consultation fees: ₹1500

3. Dr. Keerti Sachdeva

Ph.D - Social Psychology -, M.Phil. Educational Psychology, MSc. Child Psychology

Dr Keerti Sachdeva is an experienced and reputed psychologist with 35 years of practice.She is an active member of the Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) and Counselors Association of India . Her areas of specialisation are social, educational and child psychology. She has been associated with some reputed schools in Delhi- NCR and Mumbai for her counselling skills and friendly nature with children. She currently practices at Positive Vibrations, Mumbai.

Consultation fees: ₹1000

4. Ms. Vijal Sejpal

Post Graduate Diploma In School Counselling (PGDSC), Certificate In Guidance & Counselling (CGC)

Ms. Vijal is a psychotherapist practicing from past 7 years and is currently associated with iThrive. She has also undergone training in REBT and Karkhuff module. She has rich experince in counselling of adolescents especially in cases of low self belief, anxiety, depression, stress, loneliness, relationship issues etc.

Consultation fees: ₹1500

5. Dr. Jimmy Mody

Diploma in Transpersonal Regression Therapy, Diploma of Clinical Hypnotherapy, Diploma in Counselling and Psychotherapy, Diploma in Hypnotherapy (DHT)

With more than 24 years of experience, Dr. Jimmy has in depth understanding psychological disorders. In addition to counselling he uses psychoanalysis, CBT, and hypnotherapy to treat cases of phobia, low self esteem etc. He currently practices at The Human Potential Clinic, Mumbai.

Consultation fees: ₹1500

6. Ms. Dipal Mehta

MA - Clinical Psychology, P.G. Diploma in Guidance and Counseling

Dr. Dipal Mehta in 17 years of practice has become a renowned name in the field of Psychology. Years of experience helps in identifying the cause of behavioural patterns and treat accordingly. Her areas of special interest are the abnormal behavioural changes, stress & anger management and successfully handled many cases of drug and nicotine de-addiction and obsessive compulsive disorder.

Consultation fees: ₹2500

7. Dr. Sanjoy Mukerji

Ph. D - Alternative Medicine, PG Diploma in Psychological Counseling

Dr. Sanjoy Mukerji in 18 years of his career is a trusted name in hi field and amongst his patients. His prime areas of interest are treating various types of problems including anxiety, stress, depression, marital problems, relationship problems and sexual problems using counselling and psychotherapy. He has conducted various seminars nationally, internationally and has been interviewed by several media houses. He is also recipient of many awards and honors. He currently practices at Be Positive clinic, Mumbai.

Consultation fees: ₹2500

8. Ms. Rachna Kothari

MA - Psychology

Dr. Rachna Kothari is practicing as a counselling psychologist at Dr Kothari clinic, Mumbai for over 15 years now. She has successfully dealt in cases related to stress, addiction of drugs and premarital counselling and parenting issues. Other areas of her interest are abnormal behavior, psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, OCD management and anger issues. 

Consultation fees: ₹5000

9. Ms. Seema Agarwal

Bsc - Hons, PG - Counseling, MA - Clinical Psychology

Ms. Seema Agarwal in 33 years of experience has helped numerous patients. She is a clinical psychologist and a behavioral trainer and has to her credit many national and international certificates in same. Her areas of expertise are adult and couple psychotherapy, stress and anger management, marital and adult counselling. She has also counselled many cases of 
Low self esteem and confidence among teenagers. 

Consultation fees: ₹1500

10. Dr. Mahima Bhomavat Innani

MA - Psychology, Certificate Course In Application of Counselling Therapies

Dr. Mahima Bhomavat Innani is a reputed Clinical Psychologist and Health Psychologist in Mumbai. She has experience of solving various issues using psychoanalysis like treatment of Learning Disorders, Insomnia, Memory problems. Pre-marital Counselling, and treating psychological disorders like anxiety and depression are some other areas of interest.

Consultation fees: ₹1000

3 people found this helpful

Self Care For Ocd!

Dr. Juhi Parashar 95% (5060 ratings)
Masters In Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Lucknow
Self Care For Ocd!

Even when things are going well, OCD can hijack your day. Obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors -- and the anxiety that comes with them -- can take up massive amounts of time and energy.

Though medication and therapy are the main ways to treat this lifelong condition, self-care is a secret weapon with plenty of side benefits.

Food and mood. When you're hungry, your blood sugar drops. This can make you cranky or tired. Start with a daily breakfast, and try to eat small meals more often instead of big meals at lunch and dinner.

  • Nuts and seeds, which are packed with healthy nutrients
  • Protein like eggs, beans, and meat, which fuel you up slowly to keep you in better balance
  • Complex carbs like fruits, veggies, and whole grains, which help keep your blood sugar levels steady

Steer clear of caffeine, the stimulant in tea, coffee, soda, and energy drinks. It can kick up your anxiety levels a few notches.

Stick to your prescriptions. It can be tempting to escape OCD with drugs or alcohol, but they're triggers in disguise. Drinking alcohol might feel like it offsets your anxiety, but it creates more before it leaves your system. Same goes for nicotine, the stimulant in cigarettes.

Sleep on it. Anxiety can make it hard to sleep. But sleep is important for good mental health. Instead of expecting to lie down and drift off to dreamland, create a sleep routine that sets your body up for success. Swap the time you spend looking at screens for 10 minutes of relaxing music or a warm bath. Dim noise and lighting and adjust the temperature in your bedroom so you go to sleep, and stay asleep all night.

Get active. When you feel anxious, your body releases a hormone called cortisol. It's helpful in small doses but harmful at high levels. Regular exercise keeps your cortisol levels in check and benefits everything from your bones and organs to the numbers on your scale.

Learn to relax. Your body can't relax if it doesn't know how. Relaxation techniques like yoga, meditation, taking a walk in nature, or drawing a picture teach your body how it feels to be calm. Try a few to find what works best for you, and spend 30 minutes a day on it.

2 people found this helpful

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - Ways To Deal With It!

Dr. Deepak Kelkar 84% (89 ratings)
MBBS, DPM, MD, DNB
Psychiatrist, Akola
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - Ways To Deal With It!

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder that causes anxiety. It is also called anxiety disorder. The main characteristics of this disorder are uncontrollable, unpleasant thoughts, which are continuing. OCD causes the mind to get stuck on a specific thought or inclination. For instance, you may repeat a task forty times to ensure that it has been done properly. You will not be able to get it out of your mind. OCD is characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior patterns.

Some obsessive thoughts include:

  1. The fear of being defiled by germs or soil and also of contaminating others.
  2. The fear of losing control and hurting yourself or others.
  3. Having sexual or brutal thoughts on the mind.
  4. Extreme focus and devotion to religion and religious activities.
  5. A sense of fear of losing or not having things you need.
  6. Having the assumption that everything would go fine.
  7. The person will become very superstitious.

Some compulsive behavior patterns include:

  1. Inordinate double checking on things like locks, apparatuses and switches.
  2. Over and over monitoring of friends and family to ensure they're safe.
  3. Counting in the head, mumbling nonsense words without meaning.
  4. Devoting a lot of time for washing and cleaning.
  5. Praying without reason and taking part in religious ceremonies.
  6. Accumulating junk material.

Here are some common ways to deal with OCD:

  1. Regular exercise: Exercise is the best natural remedy to prevent anxiety, which leads to OCD. Exercise checks your OCD  symptoms. It makes your nerves stronger, and hence you can focus your mind out of obsessive thoughts by yourself, when they arrive. Get at least thirty minutes of exercise regularly.
  2. Connect with friends and family: Social isolation is one of the common early symptoms of OCD. Social isolation can lead to OCD as well. Therefore, you must always stay connected to your friends and family so that you never get lonely and anti-social. Share everything with family.
  3. Sleep sufficiently: Lack of sleep or troubled sleep may lead to anxiety disorders. You need to sleep enough to be away from obsessive thoughts.
  4. Perform relaxation techniques: Simple practices like yoga, meditation, pranayama  help you grow spiritually, relax your mind and keeps OCD away from you.
  5. Tackle your fears: Instead of avoiding fearful thoughts, let them flow and tackle them face to face. This will help you overcome the fear. Adopt measures so that you can focus on other things and ignore the obsessive thoughts. Distract yourself away from the obsession.

OCD is a harmful disorder, and you should take all measures possible to keep away from it.

2439 people found this helpful

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How to Get It Treated?

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Ranchi
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - How to Get It Treated?

One of the researches that have come out a few years back suggested that almost every individual has an obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) to an extent. The trouble starts when this anxiety disorder breaches out of control and damages his/her social well-being. What is obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)? Let us have a look at it in detail.

What is obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type anxiety disorder, where people have a recurring feeling to do an activity with unwanted thoughts, ideas or sensations (obsessions). The recurring feeling can drive them to do the activity repetitively (compulsions). The repetitive behaviors can include simple tasks like hand washing, checking and rechecking things, Cleanliness and hygiene. They have a potential to interfere with a person’s social interactions and his general well being. Our human mindset is made up of thoughts for which an equal action occurs.

For people with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), these ideas continue to dominate them to do the same thing again repeatedly and not doing them causes great distress and agony to them. Most of the people with OCD can recognize that they have the condition, but the imbalances make them unable to stop the occurrences. They usually start at an early stage and continue into adulthood where the condition dominates at its peak. For most of them, an OCD can exist as just a random thought - often disturbing, and they would be helpless in most cases to have a control over it. Some of the examples of the compositions include cleaning, hygiene, Checking and re-checking, arranging and mental compulsions.


Treatment for OCD:
So now since it is established that it is an imbalance of the brain let us look at the treatment possibilities. One of the treatments is the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy under the Psychiatry Branch. The therapy is an exposure type of treatment where the patients are exposed to the situations where they have basically no control of. Through this exposure and in medically contained environments, patients can identify that they can control and monitor their anxiety and depression levels without having to do the repetitive behavior. It can be a bit challenging for the cases that involve mental illusions as they cannot be recreated, but they can be effectively curbed when channeled through alternative means. Also, medications and anxiety reducing drugs along with the psychiatric therapy can help to a great extent in the treatment. Relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga, and massages also help in having greater control of the disease.

Having a healthy lifestyle and having a general awareness of the warning signs and what do to when the indications occur can go a long way in the betterment of the life. It is a slow treatment process and requires a lot of patience for the therapy to be successful. Having patience in a way contributes towards the well-being of the person indirectly. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

 

2900 people found this helpful

5 Reasons Why OCD Makes Life Difficult!

Dr. Gourav Monga 86% (18 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Patiala
5 Reasons Why OCD Makes Life Difficult!

OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is a psychological disorder where you feel compelled to perform irrational tasks in continuous patterns almost ritualistically. These compulsive thoughts may seem, upon examination that they are without any particular reason or rhyme. Naturally, a psychological disorder is not voluntary and people who suffer under this disorder don’t voluntarily like to make their lives difficult contrary to some who would say “if you don’t like it don’t do it.”

It is not a simple matter, OCD can have a lot of underlying reasons which makes life even more difficult and wears you out. You still can’t get over a particular thought until you have performed it a given number of times even if it harms your health and the relief is also short lived. For the naysayers who don’t realise, how difficult life can be for people suffering from OCD here are a few reasons that you should consider:

  1. Depression: People with OCD are also prone to suffering from depression. A sense of feeling like you are not like others, you see the world a little differently and obsessively repeat such compulsive lines of thought until it wears you out mentally. It is a side effect of OCD and deeply affects their lifestyle negatively.
  2. Anxiety: When you have OCD you suffer from constant anxiety about things you may not have done that you must do or vice versa, or very intrusive thoughts that make you anxious wondering about the kind of person you are or becoming. It is a constant battle everyday trying not to repeatedly perform all the compulsive behaviours that may strike you and makes daily life immensely difficult.
  3. Eating disorders: Suffering from OCD also affects your diet and food habits. You either start over eating or not eating enough resulting in huge amounts of weight gain or noticeable weight loss or just a fluctuation in weight.
  4. Skin rashes: The outer manifestations of OCD are numerous. If you suffer from obsessive, washing of hands or clothes or any activity that requires constantly irritating your skin then you will develop rashes which will cause more anxiety in you. It’s just a facet of OCD wherein you become obsessed with cleanliness and can’t go without feeling anxious about the number of toxins surrounding you so you go about trying to almost sterilise yourself and end up damaging your skin.
  5. Sleep disturbances: Your sleeping pattern gets affected if you can’t build up a routine and then you can’t sleep until it’s a certain hour at a certain time of the day. Or if you suffer from paranoia then you are unable to sleep because you are actively worried about something or the other. Anxiety also contributes to restlessness.
5 people found this helpful

Schizophrenia - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment And Prevention!

MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Delhi

Schizophrenia:

Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that leads people to interpret reality in an abnormal way. People with Schizophrenia experience hallucinations, get false illusions, and display an unusually disordered behaviour, which negatively impacts their daily life .

Schizophrenia is a serious condition that requires treatment for a lifetime. Early diagnosis and treatment can keep symptoms under control and prevent any serious complications from building up.

Symptoms:

Schizophrenia is mainly associated with cognitive problems that is exhibited in a person's daily behavior or state of emotions. Though there may be difference in signs and symptoms across patients, but it majorly involves hallucinations, delusions, disordered speech, and impaired body  functionalities. Common symptoms are:


- Delusions. These are false conceptions and interpretations of reality. For instance, a person with schizophrenia can have various delusions. He might think that he is targeted or harassed; he has supernatural abilities or power; he remembers his past life; or a huge tragedy is going to happen.
- Hallucinations. People with schizophrenia  may see or hear things that do not exist. Such hallucinations have a powerful force and feel like a normal experience. Hallucinations can impact all the senses, but most commonly it is associated with hearing strange voices.
- Disordered thought (speech).Schizophrenia affects the cognitive abilities of a person. Often, it results in impaired speech ability and meaningless communication.  People experiencing this ask questions that are partially or totally unrelated. Their speech is broken and without any clear sense or meaning.
- Highly disoriented motor behavior. Schizophrenia might lead people to behave weirdly. Sometimes, they may show childlike absurdity to episodic aggressiveness. The behavior is erratic and without any intention. You may notice people suffering with schizophrenia showing resistance to instructions, improper or eccentric posture, irresponsible reactions , or silly and unnecessary movement.
- Negative/withdrawal symptoms. This happens when there a person shows lessened or resistance to function normally. For instance, the person may disregard personal hygiene or be immune to any kind of emotion; does not respond to eye contact, shows no facial expressions or talks in a monotone). The person may withdraw himself from the society and refuse to part take in daily activities. Such persons are incapable of finding happiness in any thing and remain negative towards life.
Symptoms differ in form and severity and may change over time, sometimes with worsening show of symptoms and sometimes showing reduced impact. However, they do not go completely.
Men with schizophrenia may show signs of the disorder in the early to mid-20s. Women start displaying the impact of the mental condition during their late 20s. The mental illness is rare in children and those who are aged 45 and above.

Symptoms in teenagers

Teenagers with Schizophrenia may have symptoms same as that of adults, though  it might be difficult to identify the condition in teenagers as in adults . This is because a few of the early signs of schizophrenia in teenagers are usually the same as seen during the typical growth in teen years and noticeable change in behavior, like:

- Withdrawal or secrecy from friends and family
- A low performance in studies
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Irritability or erratic mood
- loss of motivation
In comparison to adults with schizophrenia, teens may not have symptoms like delusions. But teens  might have visual hallucinations.

Causes

The real or exact cause of schizophrenia is not known. However, according to various researches and studies, a variety of factors like genetics, brain chemicals and external surroundings may lead to the  development of the mental disorder.

It is believed that difficulties associated with some naturally occurring brain chemicals, like neurotransmitters called dopamine and glutamate, may develop into schizophrenia. According to neuroimaging studies, there are visible differences in the chemical component and structure of brain and certain imbalances in the central nervous system of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Though researchers are not sure whether these changes or differences are of any significance, yet they stress that schizophrenia is a brain disorder.

Risk factors

The exact cause of schizophrenia is unknown, but there are some factors that may increase the risk of developing or inhibiting this mental disorder called schizophrenia. They are as follows:

- A known family history of schizophrenia

- Heightened immune system activation, emanating from inflammation or autoimmune diseases

- very old age of the father

- Few pregnancy and birth related complications, like malnutrition or vulnerability to toxins or certain viruses that negatively affect brain development

- Certain cognitive (psychoactive or psychotropic) drugs taken during teenage and adolescence period

Complications

If not treated, schizophrenia can lead to serious problems that hamper the day to day life. Complications associated with schizophrenia may be as follows:

- Suicidal thoughts and attempts of suicide

- harming and injuring self

- Anxiety disorders

- Depressive nature

- Alcohol or harmful drug intake, excessive tobacco use

- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

- low attention span at school and in studies

- problems understanding legal and financial issues

- Social withdrawal

- Health and medical issues

- homelessness

- Feeling victimized

- Sporadic bursts of aggressive or bizarre behavior

Diagnosis

A proper diagnosis of schizophrenia will involve looking out for and ruling out any other mental state illness and determining whether symptoms are  due to drug abuse, excessive alcohol intake, substance abuse or any other health condition. Determining a diagnosis of schizophrenia may include:

- Physical diagnosis. This is necessary to find and rule out any other issues behind the occurrence of the said symptoms and to determine any near complications.

- Clinical Tests and exams. All such tests and screenings may be done to aid ruling out similar symptoms for other medical conditions and checking for alcohol and drug abuse. The physician may call out for an MRI or a CT scan.

- Psychiatric evaluation. A person with symptoms of schizophrenia  may be checked upon by a psychiatric or mental health professional for determining the mental order of the patient. The doctor will check the physical behavior and emotional conduct and discuss  the patient's thoughts, mental state, experiences of delusions, hallucinations, drug abuse, and chances of for aggressive moments or suicidal attempts. This even involves finding out family and personal history of similar conditions .

Treatment

Schizophrenia is a severe mental condition that necessities lifelong treatment, even though symptoms may subside. Medical attention and treatment coupled with psycho-social therapy can help keep the condition under control. In few cases, hospitalization might be necessary.

Treatment involves regular consultation with a psychiatrist having experience in dealing with  patients of schizophrenia . Apart from that, the patient will require a social worker, a psychiatric nurse and often a case manager to manage the overall treatment and care. Treatment of schizophrenia involves a full-fledged team approach with expert clinical experience.

Medication

No patient diagnosed with schizophrenia can be treated without medications. Most commonly, antipsychotic medications are prescribed. They are meant to control common symptoms by impacting the brain neurotransmitter dopamine. Medications for schizophrenia are known to have various  side effects, so patients of schizophrenia often refuse to take them. Often, there is reluctance to such medications and long-term treatment.

First-generation antipsychotics: TSuch antipsychotics are known to have frequent and highly significant neurological side effects that sometimes may lead to a motor disorder (tardive dyskinesia). This condition is non-reversible and dangerous. The most commonly prescribed first-generation antipsychotics include:

- Perphenazine

- Chlorpromazine

- Haloperidol

- Fluphenazine

Second-generation antipsychotics: These are comparitively newer and safer medications that are usually preferred by many doctors. They have lower risks and possibilities of side effects as compared to  first-generation antipsychotics. The common second-generation antipsychotics are:

- Asenapine (Saphris)

- Cariprazine (Vraylar)

- Iloperidone (Fanapt)

- Lurasidone (Latuda)

- Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

- Brexpiprazole (Rexulti)

- Quetiapine (Seroquel)

- Aripiprazole (Abilify)

- Ziprasidone (Geodon)

- Paliperidone (Invega)

- Risperidone (Risperdal)

Prevention

There is no sure formula to prevent schizophrenia, but continuing with the treatment can help manage and control the disease from worsening or aggravating. Apart from this, one can try and know the risk factors for schizophrenia to call for early diagnosis and treatment.

Myths

Myth 1: People with schizophrenia are harmful and dangerous to be around.

Fact: There may be times when people with schizophrenia act erratically or behave weird, but  generally very few are violent. Moreover, people undergoing treatment are less likely to be violent. If people with this mental disorder turn violent, it is because of an underlying condition, such as childhood behavior issues or substance abuse.

Myth 2: Lack of good parenting causes schizophrenia.

Fact: Schizophrenia is a brain related illness. It has unknown causes. Various factors like genes, tragedy-aftereffect, and drug abuse can trigger the disease. Parenting has nothing to do with the development of the disorder.

Myth 3: People with schizophrenia should be admitted in a mental hospital.

Fact: It is not true completely. There are a few cases where patients need to stay at a meental health facility. Commonly, patients of schizophrenia stay with family or in supportive facilities within the society.

Myth 4: A person can never recover from Schizophrenia.

Fact: Schizophrenia is a long term illness, but nothing is impossible. With proper treatment,  medications and psychiatric therapy, it is possible that around 25% of people suffering from the disorder will recover . Again, about 50% cases show improvement in their symptoms. With managed care, people with Schizophrenia can live fully normal lives.

Myth 5: Schizophrenia is like having a split personality.

Fact: This is the most common myth about schizophrenia. A split personality is a condition medically termed as Dissociative Identity Disorder or a Multiple Personality Disorder.  There are rare cases of MPD or DID. But, Schizophrenia is a cognitive illness, relating to the thinking ability of a person and is vastly different from the split personality disorder.

FAQs

Question 1: What are the different types of Schizophrenia?

Answer: The following are the different forms or types of schizophrenia:

- Paranoid schizophrenia

- Schizoaffective disorder

- Residual schizophrenia

- Disorganized schizophrenia

FAQ:

Question 2: Is Schizophrenia curable?

Answer: Not exactly. There is no permanent cure for schizophrenia but one can get treated for the same.  With proper care and treatment, psychiatric therapy and social rehabilitation, people with Schizophrenia can lead a fully normal life.

Question 3: Can substance abuse  cause Schizophrenia ?

Answer: Not known. Schizophrenia is a mental condition that is still under research and studies. The causes of it are not yet fully deciphered. There are a variety of factors including genetics, environment and other substance and drug abuse factors that can lead to the disorder. Some people  are born with problems in the brain chemicals, which can get accentuated or triggered by substance abuse.

Question 4: What is the future of people with the disorder?

Answer: Though significant developments have been made in research and studies on schizophrenia but still it is not clear why some patients have worsening symptoms than others;  why some patients do not recover fast and why some people fail to respond to the given treatment and medication. However, there are also positive results in many cases where people have responded well and recovered with the right treatment, rehabilitation, and social support and care.

Question 5: Are Schizophrenia Patients Depressed?

Answer: Depression is common in patients  with schizophrenia. In fact, depression is a primary effect that is seen in schizophrenic patients. About 80% of people with this mental disorder get notable depressive attacks.

Question 6: Are there any chances of relapse?

Answer: Medication can help control symptoms to an extent; however, there is no guarantee that a relapse will not occur. Though majority of the medications are known to lessen the occurrences of relapse by up to 80%. TO counterfeit, doctors prescribe secondary medications that are particularly meant to control depression, anxiety, or psychological attacks.

Question 7: Is there any therapy apart from medicinal treatment?

Answer: Yes, additional therapy is necessary . Support and counseling from family and society  works like psychotherapy. Sessions of psychotherapy usually stress the emotive and functional effects of the illness, and how the family and near ones can help in managing the illness. The therapy involves discussion over the signs and symptoms of the disorder, the nature of relapse, the role of sticking to medicines and the possible side-effects, recognizing and living with the symptoms, behavior with family members or colleagues, or continuing with a job or school. There are many programs designed specifically to address rehabilitation and practical abilities.

Question 8: Is it possible for a person with schizophrenia to lead a "normal" life?

Answer: If appropriate treatment, social rehabilitation, psychotherapy and adequate family support is provided, it is easier to manage and control symptoms in schizophrenic patients. There are many examples of people leading an independent life with families,  routine jobs, and social involvement.

Question 9: How to manage depressive symptoms in schizophrenic patients?

Answer: To help patients manage depressive symptoms of Schizophrenia, you can do the following:

- Mingle and involve with them rather than leaving them alone.

- Put them on an antidepressant drug after consulting with their doctor managing their disorder.

- Supplement their medication with proper nutritional diet.

- Help them engage in regular physical exercise.

- In cases of  severe depression, consult with their psychiatric for electroconvulsive therapy or transcranial magnetic stimulation.

3 Most Common Mental Disorders You Must Know About!

Dr. Kushal Jain 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry, Master of Public Health (MPH) Sweden
Psychiatrist, Delhi
3 Most Common Mental Disorders You Must Know About!

Here is a list of few most commonly observed mental disorders in the society. It is a hard to accept truth that even though people are aware of the existence of mental disorder, yet they not make an effort in identifying them. Therefore, read carefully and help people with any of these illnesses around you.

1. Anxiety

Anxiety is one of the most common types of mental disorders which is readily observed in 2 out of 5 people. A lot of patients are also observed with physical symptoms such as- shaky hands. Despite being so common amongst people, many choose to ignore it and others do not acknowledge the seriousness of this disease. In anxiety, a person will suffer extreme fear and in the moment of an anxiety attack he will have changed behavor, as well.

2. Depression

Another commonly observed mental disorder is depression which is also one of the most fatal diseases in the world. Herein, the patient does not die because of physical shhortcomings but the depressed state of mind could cause the peoson to drive himself to suicide or substance abuse conditions. Depression is an extremely important and very harmful mental disorder, which, if left unnoticed could drive the person towards his own end and destruction.

Signs and symptoms of depression:

It is extremely hard to identify a person with depression based on his looks because a despressed person will look the same on the outside but there will be going on a turmoil of emotions on the inside.The patient will give positive test to a psychomotor retardation

 

The person will not respond in a usual mannerHe will be restless

3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

This is another one of the most commonly observed mental disorder in mankind. In this illness, a person will be obsessed with one person, thing or a place. This obsessive attachment to any said thing could turn dangerous as the person might cross any limits in order to attain it. A person could be subject to one or more of the following OCD’s:

  1. Cleanliness
  2. Being worried all the time about ones safety
  3. Keeping the things in order
  4. Repeating actions
  5. Reassurance
  6. Autism

Autism is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder which targets the mind of young childen and permanently cause a change in their behaviour which is hard to undo. This illness falls under the child psychiatry branch of Psychiatry. Autism is a great threat to the mankind because the children are future of our world and there has been an increase in Autism, lately.

Signs and Symptoms:

  1. Repressed or late response to environmental stimuli
  2. Unable to communicate in same language as others
  3. Unable to communicate socially
  4. Repetitive actions
  5. Deviations in thoughts
  6. Absence of smile
  7. Always looking at the ground
  8. Such children easily cries
  9. Aggressive

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - What Can Influence Such A Behaviour?

Dr. (Prof) R K Suri 88% (10 ratings)
M. Phil Clinical Psychology, Ph.D - Psychology, MA - Applied Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma In Coaching
Psychologist, Delhi
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - What Can Influence Such A Behaviour?

Many live with certain disorders without being aware of it. It is possible that someone close to you is living with OCD, and knowing the symptoms is crucial to diagnose the problem accurately and the treatment can be started as early as possible. 

OCD or the obsessive-compulsive disorder refers to excessive thoughts leading to repetitive behavior or erratic personal behavior. This long-lasting and chronic mental disorder induces recurring and uncontrollable thoughts in a person. These types of behavior are medically referred to as ‘obsessions' and ‘compulsions'.

Patients suffering from the disorder feel a strong urge to repeat certain actions over and over again. These actions may include compulsive cleaning of the immediate domestic environment, washing hands or clothes, checking on things, etc. These behavior patterns may lead to severe disruptions in the daily life of the affected individuals.

How do you know if you have OCD?
Some of the common symptoms of obsession are fear of dirt or physical ‘contamination’, a constant urge to properly arrange or re-arrange domestic objects, having aggressive and sexual thoughts, harboring a desire to harm oneself or others, etc. Common examples of such thoughts include an irrational fear of physical ‘contamination’, feeling depressed at the sight of a lack of symmetry, thinking about acting inappropriately, shouting obscenities, etc.

Some of the common symptoms of OCD include repeatedly washing hands, compulsive counting, checking again and again on certain things, etc. For instance, patients may frequently check whether doors and windows have been secured inside an apartment, or whether the oven is switched on or switched off, etc.

What can influence such behavior?

OCD is an outcome of imperfect brain structure or specific chemical abnormalities in the brain. Genetics is also a possible causative factor. No one single reason is found as the main cause of this psychological disorder. Therefore, the exact reason behind this mental disorder eludes science till date. Many studies indicate that environmental factors may trigger this mental condition. For example, sexual or physical abuse in childhood or infections like streptococcal can trigger the subsequent development of OCD.

 

How can OCD be managed?
OCD can be treated with psychotherapy, medication, and a combination of both. The ideal treatment is determined by the condition of the patient and to which mode of treatment he or she is most responsive. When opting for antipsychotic medication, one needs to discuss this with his or her doctor to understand the benefits and side effects before commencing the medication. When it comes to treating the children or the adults, psychotherapy offers the most effective results.

Patients and their caregivers must realize that OCD does not have a surefire cure. Therefore, it may last for years or sometimes even a lifetime. However, proper psychological evaluation, therapies, and treatment should prevent the condition from worsening. These interventions help in controlling and managing the symptoms to ensure a long normal life. Patients are advised to visit a psychologist in case they identify any signs of OCD because early detection is the first step to effective treatment. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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