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OCD Tips

Impulse Control Disorders - What Causes It?

Dr. Srikant Sharma 87% (330 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Impulse Control Disorders - What Causes It?

A certain psychiatric condition which causes a person to be functionally impaired in social and occupational settings is known as Impulse Control Disorder. Most of you are granted with the ability to think before you act but it isn't the case for people suffering with such a condition. People diagnosed with this condition are not able to withstand the urge to do something detrimental to themselves or other people.

This condition is similar to other disorders such as kleptomania, compulsive gambling and pyromania to name a few. Although people suffering from this disorder do not plan their acts, the acts they do perform generally fulfill their conscious wishes. Other disorders of such similar nature like Kleptomania and ADHD, which are associated with difficulty in controlling impulses but that is not their chief feature. Patients of impulse control disorder find it highly distressful and are hence often seen to lose control of their actions and consequently their lives.

What causes this disorder?

Some medical practitioners are of the opinion that this disorder is a subgroup of other conditions such as stress, anxiety, OCD and other such. Scientists and researchers are not particularly sure what causes this condition but have determined that it can be caused due to a combination of physiological, emotional and psychological factors pertaining to cultural and societal aspects. Also, certain brain structures linked to emotions and memory functions in and around the frontal lobe are linked to planning functions and impulses.
Some studies show that certain hormones such as testosterone which are associated with aggression and violence may also play a role in forming such disorder. Aggressive and violent behaviors are apparent in people suffering from this disorder. Certain studies have shown a connection between certain forms of seizure disorders and aggressive impulsive behaviors.

People with such disorders are also more likely to contract addiction and mood disorders. Antidepressants are usually prescribed in treating such disorders.

1 person found this helpful

OCD - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments Of It!

Dr. Atul Aswani 89% (95 ratings)
DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
OCD - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments Of It!

OCD or obsessive compulsive disorder is a mental condition, which traps people in a cycle of repetitive thoughts that push them to do repetitive behaviors. As the name states, the obsession over certain things compels them to do it over and over again. These actions will only help you feel relieved for a short time and soon the cycle starts back again.

Symptoms of OCD: 

The symptoms of OCD are classified into two groups, one for the obsessive behavior and the other for compulsive behavior. Some of the common symptoms for these are mentioned below:

Obsessive behaviors:

As the name states this means obsessing over certain things, which varies from person to person. Some of the things could be:

  1. Being scared about making mistakes
  2. The fear of being embarrassed in public situations
  3. Constantly being scared about contamination by germs, microbes or dirt
  4. Doubts about sure and simple situations and the need to be constantly reassured about them

Compulsive behaviors

The obsessions usually results in compulsive behaviors, which you may need to perform to reassure and relieve yourself of the anxiety temporarily. Some of these may include:

  1. Trying to constantly arrange things in a certain way and still not being satisfied
  2. Thoughts, words and images being stuck in your head throughout the day that may keep you disturbed and cause to lose sleep
  3. You may even repeat specific words or actions multiple times as a measure of self reassurance.
  4. Hoarding of items, which have no value

Causes of OCD:

Biological factors: Certain chemical imbalances in the brain may lead to OCD, which may happen due to hormonal or biological changes. In fact certain infections are also known to trigger OCD in people.

Environmental factors: Certain types of mental trauma have been known to trigger OCD as well, such as

  1. Office, school, college or other work related stresses over a long period of time
  2. The passing away of a near and dear one
  3. Relationship problems
  4. Repressed abuses from earlier in life

Treatments: 

Most treatments of OCD are categorized into two types:

  1. Cognitive behavioral therapy: This is a counseling based therapy where you may be slowly asked to face your fears and overcome them over a period of time.
  2. Medications: Antidepressants, inhibitors, or antipsychotic drugs or relaxants in various combinations may be used to treat OCD.
  3. Electroconvulsive therapy: Only in the rarest of cases would doctors consider electroconvulsive therapy, if the patient is a danger to themselves or others around them.

Mild Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior - How To Stop It?

Dr. Atul Aswani 89% (95 ratings)
DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Mild Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior - How To Stop It?

Obsessive compulsive behaviour is form of anxiety disorder in which unreasonable thoughts and fears, which are obsessions that lead one to do repetitive compulsive behaviour. Root causes of obsessive compulsiveness are complex and often deep seated. The underlying emotional states may include the fear of unknown, not being in control, negative outcomes, failure, rejection, shame, annihilation or embarrassment

You can eliminate mild obsessive compulsion easily, whereas, severe obsessive compulsiveness, require support of medical and mental health professionals.

When you start pondering or obsessing over an activity, you must try to stop the negative pattern, and provide control and security. A good anchor code stops an obsessive thought pattern and provides fact-based security for new action. One can get it under control and recover from it, however at the present, there is no cure. It is a potential that will always be there in the background, even when one's life is no longer affected by it.

The treatment for obsessive compulsive behaviour depends on the how much the condition is affecting the daily life of the person. There are two main treatments, firstly cognitive behavioural therapy, which involves graded exposure and response prevention and the second being medication. The cognitive behaviour therapy emboldens one to face one's fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without neutralising them with compulsions. In second case, treatment is by medication to control one's symptoms by altering the balance of chemicals in brain.

Obsessive compulsive behaviour that has a relatively minor impact on one's daily life is usually treated with a short course of cognitive behavioural therapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy involves exposure and response prevention that is used to help people with all severities. People with mild to moderate behaviour usually need about 10 hours of therapist treatment, combined with exercises to be done at home between sessions. Those with moderate to severe symptoms may need a more intensive course of therapy that lasts longer than 10 hours.

During the sessions, one works with therapist to break down the problems into their separate parts like physical feelings, thoughts and actions. The therapist encourages you to face your fear and let the obsessive thoughts occur without putting them right. It requires motivation and one should start with situations that cause the least anxiety first. These exposure exercises need to take place many times a day, and need to be done for one to two hours without engaging in compulsions to undo them. People with Obsessive compulsive behaviour find that when they confront their anxiety without carrying the compulsion, the anxiety goes away. Each time, the chances of anxiety reduces and last for a shorter period of time. 

Once you have one exposure task, you can move on to a more difficult task, until you have overcome all of the situations that make you anxious.  It is important to remember it can take several months before a treatment has a noticeable effect. It is extremely vital to remember that no one is perfect, nor can anyone recover perfectly.  Even in well maintained recoveries, people can occasionally mess up and forget what they are supposed to be doing.

3655 people found this helpful

OCD - 4 Tips To Deal With It!

Vaibhav Srivastava 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Psychaitry
Psychiatrist, Navi Mumbai
OCD - 4 Tips To Deal With It!

OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder, which can be indicated through obsession, having pervasive thoughts or thoughts, which may upset you, having certain compulsions, and practicing certain rituals, which may help to control or manage your obsessions. It is a disorder, which cannot be cured, but can be controlled with the help of treatment. Mostly, OCD is considered to be a lifelong disorder. It often circulates around the fear of germs or sickness and around keeping order and maintaining patterns. A person suffering from OCD can often be extremely annoying. Hence here are a few tips you can use to deal with OCD:

1. Understand OCD: The first step towards dealing with OCD is to know what you have to deal with. Gather as much information as you can about OCD and also read up about how you can overcome it. You need to know the symptoms of OCD so you can identify the disorder. Almost everyone suffers from OCD at one point of their lives. Hence, it is extremely important to understand OCD in order to treat it.

2. Work with your compulsions: Do not get petrified about your compulsions if you are planning to overcome your OCD, instead work with them. Try not to encourage their development. If you are worrying about whether you have switched of the lights, try and develop a mental picture of you doing it. If you are able to get a clear picture, then you have, otherwise you can go and switch it off. Another option is to maintain a list where you tick off the activity once you have done it so that you don't have to worry about it later on. 

3. Maintain a journal: Maintaining a journal will help you curb your fears and negative thoughts. Write down all your obsessive thought and reflect on how they are affecting you and whether they are worth your worry or time. Gradually you will see that you are able to control these thoughts and will be able to push away any negativity which comes along with them.

4. Remind yourself about the good in you: Make this your regular practice. Do not undermine yourself, instead make yourself feel good. This will help you to get over the fact that you have done something wrong in your daily activities (like not turning the gas off when you actually have) and that wrong is going to harm people.

Chronic OCD will require therapy and medical assistance. Hence if you are able to detect the signs at an early level and are able to adopt the above measures to control it, then going to a doctor might not be necessary.

3770 people found this helpful

OCD - What Are The Signs Of It?

Dr. Soumiya Mudgal 90% (10 ratings)
MD Psychiatry, Fellowship in Clinical Neurophysiology & Epilepsy, Certificate in Child and Adolescent Mental Health, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Delhi
OCD - What Are The Signs Of It?

OCD or obsessive compulsive disorder is a mental condition, which traps people in a cycle of repetitive thoughts that push them to do repetitive behaviors. As the name states, the obsession over certain things compels them to do it over and over again. These actions will only help you feel relieved for a short time and soon the cycle starts back again.

Symptoms of OCD

The symptoms of OCD are classified into two groups, one for the obsessive behavior and the other for compulsive behavior. Some of the common symptoms for these are mentioned below:

Obsessive behaviors

As the name states this means obsessing over certain things, which varies from person to person. Some of the things could be:

1. Being scared about making mistakes

2. The fear of being embarrassed in public situations

3. Constantly being scared about contamination by germs, microbes or dirt

4. Doubts about sure and simple situations and the need to be constantly reassured about them

Compulsive behaviors

The obsessions usually results in compulsive behaviors, which you may need to perform to reassure and relieve yourself of the anxiety temporarily. Some of these may include:

1. Trying to constantly arrange things in a certain way and still not being satisfied

2. Thoughts, words and images being stuck in your head throughout the day that may keep you disturbed and cause to lose sleep

3. You may even repeat specific words or actions multiple times as a measure of self reassurance.

4. Hoarding of items, which have no value

Causes of OCD

Biological factors: Certain chemical imbalances in the brain may lead to OCD, which may happen due to hormonal or biological changes. In fact certain infections are also known to trigger OCD in people.

Environmental factors: Certain types of mental trauma have been known to trigger OCD as well, such as

1. Office, school, college or other work related stresses over a long period of time

2. The passing away of a near and dear one

3. Relationship problems

4. Repressed abuses from earlier in life

Treatments

Most treatments of OCD are categorized into two types:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy: This is a counseling based therapy where you may be slowly asked to face your fears and overcome them over a period of time.
  • Medications: Antidepressants, inhibitors, or antipsychotic drugs or relaxants in various combinations may be used to treat OCD.
  • Electroconvulsive therapy: Only in the rarest of cases would doctors consider electroconvulsive therapy, if the patient is a danger to themselves or others around them.
4075 people found this helpful

OCD - Tips To Deal With It!

Dr. Shreyansh Dwivedi 87% (10 ratings)
Diploma In Psychological Medicine, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Varanasi
OCD - Tips To Deal With It!

OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder, which can be indicated through obsession, having pervasive thoughts or thoughts, which may upset you, having certain compulsions, and practicing certain rituals, which may help to control or manage your obsessions. It is a disorder, which cannot be cured, but can be controlled with the help of treatment. Mostly, OCD is considered to be a lifelong disorder. It often circulates around the fear of germs or sickness and around keeping order and maintaining patterns. A person suffering from OCD can often be extremely annoying. Hence here are a few tips you can use to deal with OCD:

1. Understand OCD: The first step towards dealing with OCD is to know what you have to deal with. Gather as much information as you can about OCD and also read up about how you can overcome it. You need to know the symptoms of OCD so you can identify the disorder. Almost everyone suffers from OCD at one point of their lives. Hence, it is extremely important to understand OCD in order to treat it.

2. Work with your compulsions: Do not get petrified about your compulsions if you are planning to overcome your OCD, instead work with them. Try not to encourage their development. If you are worrying about whether you have switched of the lights, try and develop a mental picture of you doing it. If you are able to get a clear picture, then you have, otherwise you can go and switch it off. Another option is to maintain a list where you tick off the activity once you have done it so that you don't have to worry about it later on. 

3. Maintain a journal: Maintaining a journal will help you curb your fears and negative thoughts. Write down all your obsessive thought and reflect on how they are affecting you and whether they are worth your worry or time. Gradually you will see that you are able to control these thoughts and will be able to push away any negativity which comes along with them.

4. Remind yourself about the good in you: Make this your regular practice. Do not undermine yourself, instead make yourself feel good. This will help you to get over the fact that you have done something wrong in your daily activities (like not turning the gas off when you actually have) and that wrong is going to harm people.

Chronic OCD will require therapy and medical assistance. Hence if you are able to detect the signs at an early level and are able to adopt the above measures to control it, then going to a doctor might not be necessary.

1 person found this helpful

What Is OCD?

Dr. Ramakrishna Chanduri 88% (2900 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad

What is OCD?

  • OCD is a mental health condition that centers around a debilitating obsession or compulsion, distressing actions, and repetitive thoughts.

  • A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) mental health report estimated that OCD was among the top 20 causes of illness-related disability worldwide for people aged 15 to 44 years.

  • The report also suggested that OCD was the fourth most common mental illness after phobias, substance abuse, and major depression.

  • OCD is associated with a wide range of functional impairments and has a significant impact on social and working life.

Types:

There are several types of OCD that present in different ways.

1. Checking: This is a need to repeatedly check something for harm, leaks, damage, or fire. Checking can include repeatedly monitoring taps, alarms, car doors, house lights, or other appliances.

  • It can also apply to "checking people." Some people with OCD diagnose illnesses they feel that they and the people close to them might have. This checking can occur hundreds of times and often for hours, regardless of any commitments the individual may have.

  • Checking can also involve repeatedly confirming the authenticity of memories. A person with OCD might repeatedly validate letters and e-mails for fear of having made mistakes. There may be a fear of having unintentionally offended the recipient.

  • Contamination or mental contamination: This occurs when a person with OCD feels a constant and overbearing need to wash and obsesses that objects they touch are contaminated. The fear is that the individual or the object may become contaminated or ill unless repeated cleaning takes place.

  • It can lead excessive toothbrushing, overcleaning certain rooms in the house, such as the bathroom or kitchen, and avoiding large crowds for fear of contracting germs.

  • Mental contamination is the feeling of being 'dirty' after being mistreated or put down. In this type of contamination, it is always another person that is responsible. A person with OCD will try to

  • 'scrub away' this feeling by showering and washing excessively.

2. Hoarding: This is the inability to throw away used or useless possessions.

3. Rumination: Ruminating involves an extended and unfocused obsessive train of thought that focuses on wide-ranging, broad, and often philosophical topics, such as what happens after death or the beginning of the universe.

The person may seem detached and deep in thought. However, the ruminating never reaches a satisfactory conclusion.

4. Intrusive thoughts: These are often violent, horrific, obsessional thoughts that often involve hurting a loved one violently or sexually.

They are not produced out of choice and can cause the person with OCD severe distress. Because of this distress, they are unlikely to follow through on these thoughts.

These thoughts can include obsessions about relationships, killing others or suicide, a fear of being a pedophile, or being obsessed with superstitions.

5. Symmetry and orderliness: A person with OCD may also obsess about objects being lined up to avoid discomfort or harm. They may adjust the books on their shelf repeatedly so that they are all straight and perfectly lined up, for example.

While these are not the only types of OCD, obsessions and compulsions will generally fall into these categories.

Symptoms:

  • OCD is separated from other mental health conditions by the presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both. The obsessions or compulsions cause marked distress, are time-consuming, and interfere with a person's normal function.

  • Indications of OCD can occur in children and teenagers, with the disease usually beginning gradually and worsening with age. Symptoms of OCD can be mild or severe. Some people experience obsessive thoughts only, without engaging in compulsive behavior.

  • Some people who experience OCD successfully hide their symptoms for fear of embarrassment or stigma. Friends and family may, however, notice some of the more physical signs.

Causes:

  • Person washing hands

  • Constant hand-washing and washing and cleaning in a specific way are common OCD compulsions.

  • Despite a wealth of research, the exact causes of OCD have not been identified.

  • OCD is thought to have a neurobiological basis, with neuroimaging studies showing that the brain functions differently in people with the disorder. An abnormality, or an imbalance in neurotransmitters, is thought to be involved in OCD.

The disorder is equally common among adult men and women.

*OCD in children:

OCD that begins in childhood is more common in boys than girls, with the usual time of onset of OCD later for females than males.

The condition might be triggered by a combination of genetic, neurological, behavioral, cognitive, and environmental factors.

*Genetic causes:

OCD runs in families and can be considered a "familial disorder." The disease may span generations with close relatives of people with OCD significantly more likely to develop OCD themselves.

Twin studies of adults suggest that obsessive-compulsive symptoms are moderately able to be inherited, with genetic factors contributing 27 to 47 percent variance in scores that measure obsessive-compulsive symptoms. However, no single gene has been identified as the "cause" of OCD.

*Autoimmune causes:

Some rapid-onset cases of OCD in children might be consequences of Group A streptococcal infections, which cause inflammation and dysfunction in the basal ganglia.

These cases are grouped and referred to as pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS).

In recent years, however, other pathogens, such as the bacteria responsible for Lyme disease and the H1N1 flu virus, have also been associated with the rapid onset of OCD in children. As such, clinicians have altered the acronym to PANS, which stands for Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome.

Behavioral causes:

The behavioral theory suggests that people with OCD associate certain objects or situations with fear. They learn to avoid those things or learn to perform "rituals" to help reduce the fear. This fear and avoidance or ritual cycle may begin during a period of intense stress, such as when starting a new job or just after an important relationship comes to an end.

Once the connection between an object and the feeling of fear becomes established, people with OCD begin to avoid that object and the fear it generates, rather than confronting or tolerating the fear.

*Cognitive causes:

  • The behavioral theory outlined above focuses on how people with OCD make an association between an object and fear. The cognitive theory, however, focuses on how people with OCD misinterpret their thoughts.

  • Most people have unwelcome or intrusive thoughts at certain times, but for individuals with OCD, the importance of those thoughts are exaggerated.

  • For example, a person who is caring for an infant and who is under intense pressure may have an intrusive thought of harming the infant either deliberately or accidentally.

  • Most people can shrug off and disregard the thought, but a person with OCD may exaggerate the importance of the thought and respond as though it signifies a threat. As long as the individual with OCD interprets these intrusive thoughts as cataclysmic and true, they will continue the avoidance and ritual behaviors.

*Neurological causes:

  • Brain scan

  • Brain scans have shown abnormal activity in people with OCD.

  • Brain imaging techniques have allowed researchers to study the activity of specific areas of the brain, leading to the discovery that some parts of the brain are different in people with OCD when compared to those without.

  • Despite this finding, it is not known exactly how these differences relate to the development of OCD.

  • Imbalances in the brain chemicals serotonin and glutamate may play a part in OCD.

*Environmental causes:

  • Environmental stressors may be a trigger for OCD in people with a tendency toward developing the condition.

  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adolescents and children has also been associated with an increased risk of onset of obsessive-compulsions. One study found that 30 percent of children aged 6 to 18 years who experienced a TBI developed symptoms of OCD within 12 months of the injury.

  • Overall, studies indicate that people with OCD frequently report stressful and traumatic life events before the illness begins.

Diagnosis:

According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the diagnostic criteria for OCD include:

  • the presence of obsessions, compulsions or both

  • the obsessions and compulsions are time-consuming or cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning

  • the obsessive-compulsive symptoms are not due to the physiological effects of a substance, for example, drug abuse or medication for another condition.

  • the disturbance is not better explained by another mental disorder

  • If the above criteria are met, a diagnosis of OCD might be given.

A number of other psychiatric and neurological disorders, such as depression and anxiety, have similar features to OCD and can occur alongside the condition.

Role of Homeopathy in ODC :

Homeopathy is very proficient in managing the symptoms of OCD because homeopathic treatment for OCD takes into consideration the entire life situation, physical and emotional make-up of the person.
Each remedy in homeopathic treatment for OCD is chosen carefully and used judiciously, ensuring elimination of any side effects and maximization of the benefits.
Moreover, relapse and recurrence of the condition also be prevented with Homeopathy.
Homeopathic treatment for OCD is a patient-oriented science and medicines are prescribed on the characteristics of the individual rather than just the symptoms of the disease.

Diet And Nutrition:

  1. Have a Calcium-rich diet: Cheese, milk, curd, soybeans, sardines, cottage cheese, dark green veggies ( spinach, Chinese cabbage, watercress etc.), etc. are loaded with calcium. Include more of them in your diet.

  2. Ensure Vitamins: Sunflower seeds and oil, pistachio, meat, fish, chicken, banana, avocadoes, spinach, asparagus, tomatoes, etc. that are rich in different vitamins should be consumed.

  3. Take food rich in Folic Acid: Broccoli, bananas, potatoes and soy products are good sources of folic acid. Folic acid is a nerve-strengthening vitamin

What Is OCD?

Dr. Prashant K Vaidya 91% (15775 ratings)
Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad

What is OCD?

  • OCD is a mental health condition that centers around a debilitating obsession or compulsion, distressing actions, and repetitive thoughts.

  • A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) mental health report estimated that OCD was among the top 20 causes of illness-related disability worldwide for people aged 15 to 44 years.

  • The report also suggested that OCD was the fourth most common mental illness after phobias, substance abuse, and major depression.

  • OCD is associated with a wide range of functional impairments and has a significant impact on social and working life.

Types:

There are several types of OCD that present in different ways.

1. Checking: This is a need to repeatedly check something for harm, leaks, damage, or fire. Checking can include repeatedly monitoring taps, alarms, car doors, house lights, or other appliances.

  • It can also apply to "checking people." Some people with OCD diagnose illnesses they feel that they and the people close to them might have. This checking can occur hundreds of times and often for hours, regardless of any commitments the individual may have.

  • Checking can also involve repeatedly confirming the authenticity of memories. A person with OCD might repeatedly validate letters and e-mails for fear of having made mistakes. There may be a fear of having unintentionally offended the recipient.

  • Contamination or mental contamination: This occurs when a person with OCD feels a constant and overbearing need to wash and obsesses that objects they touch are contaminated. The fear is that the individual or the object may become contaminated or ill unless repeated cleaning takes place.

  • It can lead excessive toothbrushing, overcleaning certain rooms in the house, such as the bathroom or kitchen, and avoiding large crowds for fear of contracting germs.

  • Mental contamination is the feeling of being 'dirty' after being mistreated or put down. In this type of contamination, it is always another person that is responsible. A person with OCD will try to

  • 'scrub away' this feeling by showering and washing excessively.

2. Hoarding: This is the inability to throw away used or useless possessions.

3. Rumination: Ruminating involves an extended and unfocused obsessive train of thought that focuses on wide-ranging, broad, and often philosophical topics, such as what happens after death or the beginning of the universe.

The person may seem detached and deep in thought. However, the ruminating never reaches a satisfactory conclusion.

4. Intrusive thoughts: These are often violent, horrific, obsessional thoughts that often involve hurting a loved one violently or sexually.

They are not produced out of choice and can cause the person with OCD severe distress. Because of this distress, they are unlikely to follow through on these thoughts.

These thoughts can include obsessions about relationships, killing others or suicide, a fear of being a pedophile, or being obsessed with superstitions.

5. Symmetry and orderliness: A person with OCD may also obsess about objects being lined up to avoid discomfort or harm. They may adjust the books on their shelf repeatedly so that they are all straight and perfectly lined up, for example.

While these are not the only types of OCD, obsessions and compulsions will generally fall into these categories.

Symptoms:

  • OCD is separated from other mental health conditions by the presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both. The obsessions or compulsions cause marked distress, are time-consuming, and interfere with a person's normal function.

  • Indications of OCD can occur in children and teenagers, with the disease usually beginning gradually and worsening with age. Symptoms of OCD can be mild or severe. Some people experience obsessive thoughts only, without engaging in compulsive behavior.

  • Some people who experience OCD successfully hide their symptoms for fear of embarrassment or stigma. Friends and family may, however, notice some of the more physical signs.

Causes:

  • Person washing hands

  • Constant hand-washing and washing and cleaning in a specific way are common OCD compulsions.

  • Despite a wealth of research, the exact causes of OCD have not been identified.

  • OCD is thought to have a neurobiological basis, with neuroimaging studies showing that the brain functions differently in people with the disorder. An abnormality, or an imbalance in neurotransmitters, is thought to be involved in OCD.

The disorder is equally common among adult men and women.

*OCD in children:

OCD that begins in childhood is more common in boys than girls, with the usual time of onset of OCD later for females than males.

The condition might be triggered by a combination of genetic, neurological, behavioral, cognitive, and environmental factors.

*Genetic causes:

OCD runs in families and can be considered a "familial disorder." The disease may span generations with close relatives of people with OCD significantly more likely to develop OCD themselves.

Twin studies of adults suggest that obsessive-compulsive symptoms are moderately able to be inherited, with genetic factors contributing 27 to 47 percent variance in scores that measure obsessive-compulsive symptoms. However, no single gene has been identified as the "cause" of OCD.

*Autoimmune causes:

Some rapid-onset cases of OCD in children might be consequences of Group A streptococcal infections, which cause inflammation and dysfunction in the basal ganglia.

These cases are grouped and referred to as pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS).

In recent years, however, other pathogens, such as the bacteria responsible for Lyme disease and the H1N1 flu virus, have also been associated with the rapid onset of OCD in children. As such, clinicians have altered the acronym to PANS, which stands for Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome.

Behavioral causes:

The behavioral theory suggests that people with OCD associate certain objects or situations with fear. They learn to avoid those things or learn to perform "rituals" to help reduce the fear. This fear and avoidance or ritual cycle may begin during a period of intense stress, such as when starting a new job or just after an important relationship comes to an end.

Once the connection between an object and the feeling of fear becomes established, people with OCD begin to avoid that object and the fear it generates, rather than confronting or tolerating the fear.

*Cognitive causes:

  • The behavioral theory outlined above focuses on how people with OCD make an association between an object and fear. The cognitive theory, however, focuses on how people with OCD misinterpret their thoughts.

  • Most people have unwelcome or intrusive thoughts at certain times, but for individuals with OCD, the importance of those thoughts are exaggerated.

  • For example, a person who is caring for an infant and who is under intense pressure may have an intrusive thought of harming the infant either deliberately or accidentally.

  • Most people can shrug off and disregard the thought, but a person with OCD may exaggerate the importance of the thought and respond as though it signifies a threat. As long as the individual with OCD interprets these intrusive thoughts as cataclysmic and true, they will continue the avoidance and ritual behaviors.

*Neurological causes:

  • Brain scan

  • Brain scans have shown abnormal activity in people with OCD.

  • Brain imaging techniques have allowed researchers to study the activity of specific areas of the brain, leading to the discovery that some parts of the brain are different in people with OCD when compared to those without.

  • Despite this finding, it is not known exactly how these differences relate to the development of OCD.

  • Imbalances in the brain chemicals serotonin and glutamate may play a part in OCD.

*Environmental causes:

  • Environmental stressors may be a trigger for OCD in people with a tendency toward developing the condition.

  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adolescents and children has also been associated with an increased risk of onset of obsessive-compulsions. One study found that 30 percent of children aged 6 to 18 years who experienced a TBI developed symptoms of OCD within 12 months of the injury.

  • Overall, studies indicate that people with OCD frequently report stressful and traumatic life events before the illness begins.

Diagnosis:

According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the diagnostic criteria for OCD include:

  • the presence of obsessions, compulsions or both

  • the obsessions and compulsions are time-consuming or cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning

  • the obsessive-compulsive symptoms are not due to the physiological effects of a substance, for example, drug abuse or medication for another condition.

  • the disturbance is not better explained by another mental disorder

  • If the above criteria are met, a diagnosis of OCD might be given.

A number of other psychiatric and neurological disorders, such as depression and anxiety, have similar features to OCD and can occur alongside the condition.

Role of Homeopathy in ODC :

Homeopathy is very proficient in managing the symptoms of OCD because homeopathic treatment for OCD takes into consideration the entire life situation, physical and emotional make-up of the person.
Each remedy in homeopathic treatment for OCD is chosen carefully and used judiciously, ensuring elimination of any side effects and maximization of the benefits.
Moreover, relapse and recurrence of the condition also be prevented with Homeopathy.
Homeopathic treatment for OCD is a patient-oriented science and medicines are prescribed on the characteristics of the individual rather than just the symptoms of the disease.

Diet And Nutrition:

  1. Have a Calcium-rich diet: Cheese, milk, curd, soybeans, sardines, cottage cheese, dark green veggies ( spinach, Chinese cabbage, watercress etc.), etc. are loaded with calcium. Include more of them in your diet.

  2. Ensure Vitamins: Sunflower seeds and oil, pistachio, meat, fish, chicken, banana, avocadoes, spinach, asparagus, tomatoes, etc. that are rich in different vitamins should be consumed.

  3. Take food rich in Folic Acid: Broccoli, bananas, potatoes and soy products are good sources of folic acid. Folic acid is a nerve-strengthening vitamin

1 person found this helpful

What Is OCD?

Dr. Sathish Erra 92% (19124 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Sexologist, Hyderabad

What is OCD?

  • OCD is a mental health condition that centers around a debilitating obsession or compulsion, distressing actions, and repetitive thoughts.

  • A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) mental health report estimated that OCD was among the top 20 causes of illness-related disability worldwide for people aged 15 to 44 years.

  • The report also suggested that OCD was the fourth most common mental illness after phobias, substance abuse, and major depression.

  • OCD is associated with a wide range of functional impairments and has a significant impact on social and working life.

Types:

There are several types of OCD that present in different ways.

1. Checking: This is a need to repeatedly check something for harm, leaks, damage, or fire. Checking can include repeatedly monitoring taps, alarms, car doors, house lights, or other appliances.

  • It can also apply to "checking people." Some people with OCD diagnose illnesses they feel that they and the people close to them might have. This checking can occur hundreds of times and often for hours, regardless of any commitments the individual may have.

  • Checking can also involve repeatedly confirming the authenticity of memories. A person with OCD might repeatedly validate letters and e-mails for fear of having made mistakes. There may be a fear of having unintentionally offended the recipient.

  • Contamination or mental contamination: This occurs when a person with OCD feels a constant and overbearing need to wash and obsesses that objects they touch are contaminated. The fear is that the individual or the object may become contaminated or ill unless repeated cleaning takes place.

  • It can lead excessive toothbrushing, overcleaning certain rooms in the house, such as the bathroom or kitchen, and avoiding large crowds for fear of contracting germs.

  • Mental contamination is the feeling of being 'dirty' after being mistreated or put down. In this type of contamination, it is always another person that is responsible. A person with OCD will try to

  • 'scrub away' this feeling by showering and washing excessively.

2. Hoarding: This is the inability to throw away used or useless possessions.

3. Rumination: Ruminating involves an extended and unfocused obsessive train of thought that focuses on wide-ranging, broad, and often philosophical topics, such as what happens after death or the beginning of the universe.

The person may seem detached and deep in thought. However, the ruminating never reaches a satisfactory conclusion.

4. Intrusive thoughts: These are often violent, horrific, obsessional thoughts that often involve hurting a loved one violently or sexually.

They are not produced out of choice and can cause the person with OCD severe distress. Because of this distress, they are unlikely to follow through on these thoughts.

These thoughts can include obsessions about relationships, killing others or suicide, a fear of being a pedophile, or being obsessed with superstitions.

5. Symmetry and orderliness: A person with OCD may also obsess about objects being lined up to avoid discomfort or harm. They may adjust the books on their shelf repeatedly so that they are all straight and perfectly lined up, for example.

While these are not the only types of OCD, obsessions and compulsions will generally fall into these categories.

Symptoms:

  • OCD is separated from other mental health conditions by the presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both. The obsessions or compulsions cause marked distress, are time-consuming, and interfere with a person's normal function.

  • Indications of OCD can occur in children and teenagers, with the disease usually beginning gradually and worsening with age. Symptoms of OCD can be mild or severe. Some people experience obsessive thoughts only, without engaging in compulsive behavior.

  • Some people who experience OCD successfully hide their symptoms for fear of embarrassment or stigma. Friends and family may, however, notice some of the more physical signs.

Causes:

  • Person washing hands

  • Constant hand-washing and washing and cleaning in a specific way are common OCD compulsions.

  • Despite a wealth of research, the exact causes of OCD have not been identified.

  • OCD is thought to have a neurobiological basis, with neuroimaging studies showing that the brain functions differently in people with the disorder. An abnormality, or an imbalance in neurotransmitters, is thought to be involved in OCD.

The disorder is equally common among adult men and women.

*OCD in children:

OCD that begins in childhood is more common in boys than girls, with the usual time of onset of OCD later for females than males.

The condition might be triggered by a combination of genetic, neurological, behavioral, cognitive, and environmental factors.

*Genetic causes:

OCD runs in families and can be considered a "familial disorder." The disease may span generations with close relatives of people with OCD significantly more likely to develop OCD themselves.

Twin studies of adults suggest that obsessive-compulsive symptoms are moderately able to be inherited, with genetic factors contributing 27 to 47 percent variance in scores that measure obsessive-compulsive symptoms. However, no single gene has been identified as the "cause" of OCD.

*Autoimmune causes:

Some rapid-onset cases of OCD in children might be consequences of Group A streptococcal infections, which cause inflammation and dysfunction in the basal ganglia.

These cases are grouped and referred to as pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS).

In recent years, however, other pathogens, such as the bacteria responsible for Lyme disease and the H1N1 flu virus, have also been associated with the rapid onset of OCD in children. As such, clinicians have altered the acronym to PANS, which stands for Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome.

Behavioral causes:

The behavioral theory suggests that people with OCD associate certain objects or situations with fear. They learn to avoid those things or learn to perform "rituals" to help reduce the fear. This fear and avoidance or ritual cycle may begin during a period of intense stress, such as when starting a new job or just after an important relationship comes to an end.

Once the connection between an object and the feeling of fear becomes established, people with OCD begin to avoid that object and the fear it generates, rather than confronting or tolerating the fear.

*Cognitive causes:

  • The behavioral theory outlined above focuses on how people with OCD make an association between an object and fear. The cognitive theory, however, focuses on how people with OCD misinterpret their thoughts.

  • Most people have unwelcome or intrusive thoughts at certain times, but for individuals with OCD, the importance of those thoughts are exaggerated.

  • For example, a person who is caring for an infant and who is under intense pressure may have an intrusive thought of harming the infant either deliberately or accidentally.

  • Most people can shrug off and disregard the thought, but a person with OCD may exaggerate the importance of the thought and respond as though it signifies a threat. As long as the individual with OCD interprets these intrusive thoughts as cataclysmic and true, they will continue the avoidance and ritual behaviors.

*Neurological causes:

  • Brain scan

  • Brain scans have shown abnormal activity in people with OCD.

  • Brain imaging techniques have allowed researchers to study the activity of specific areas of the brain, leading to the discovery that some parts of the brain are different in people with OCD when compared to those without.

  • Despite this finding, it is not known exactly how these differences relate to the development of OCD.

  • Imbalances in the brain chemicals serotonin and glutamate may play a part in OCD.

*Environmental causes:

  • Environmental stressors may be a trigger for OCD in people with a tendency toward developing the condition.

  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adolescents and children has also been associated with an increased risk of onset of obsessive-compulsions. One study found that 30 percent of children aged 6 to 18 years who experienced a TBI developed symptoms of OCD within 12 months of the injury.

  • Overall, studies indicate that people with OCD frequently report stressful and traumatic life events before the illness begins.

Diagnosis:

According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the diagnostic criteria for OCD include:

  • the presence of obsessions, compulsions or both

  • the obsessions and compulsions are time-consuming or cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning

  • the obsessive-compulsive symptoms are not due to the physiological effects of a substance, for example, drug abuse or medication for another condition.

  • the disturbance is not better explained by another mental disorder

  • If the above criteria are met, a diagnosis of OCD might be given.

A number of other psychiatric and neurological disorders, such as depression and anxiety, have similar features to OCD and can occur alongside the condition.

Role of Homeopathy in ODC :

Homeopathy is very proficient in managing the symptoms of OCD because homeopathic treatment for OCD takes into consideration the entire life situation, physical and emotional make-up of the person.
Each remedy in homeopathic treatment for OCD is chosen carefully and used judiciously, ensuring elimination of any side effects and maximization of the benefits.
Moreover, relapse and recurrence of the condition also be prevented with Homeopathy.
Homeopathic treatment for OCD is a patient-oriented science and medicines are prescribed on the characteristics of the individual rather than just the symptoms of the disease.

Diet And Nutrition:

  1. Have a Calcium-rich diet: Cheese, milk, curd, soybeans, sardines, cottage cheese, dark green veggies ( spinach, Chinese cabbage, watercress etc.), etc. are loaded with calcium. Include more of them in your diet.

  2. Ensure Vitamins: Sunflower seeds and oil, pistachio, meat, fish, chicken, banana, avocadoes, spinach, asparagus, tomatoes, etc. that are rich in different vitamins should be consumed.

  3. Take food rich in Folic Acid: Broccoli, bananas, potatoes and soy products are good sources of folic acid. Folic acid is a nerve-strengthening vitamin

ओसीडी का इलाज - OCD Ka Ilaaj!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 91% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
ओसीडी का इलाज - OCD Ka Ilaaj!

ओसीडी या प्रेरक बाध्यकारी विकार एक मानसिक बीमारी है जहां इस बीमारी के रोगियों को लगता है कि उन्हें चीजों को दोबारा जांचना होगा. ओसीडी रोगी नियमित रूप से कुछ कार्यवाही नियमित रूप से करते हैं या कुछ विचार करते हैं कि वे बार-बार घूमते हैं. ओसीडी लोग अक्सर कुछ सामान्य गतिविधियों में से कुछ चीजों की गिनती करते हैं, बार-बार हाथ धोने या दरवाजे और खिड़कियां बंद कर देते हैं या नहीं. ओसीडी रोगियों में से कुछ को अनावश्यक या पुराने जंगलों को फेंकना मुश्किल लगता है. ये गतिविधियां ऐसी डिग्री होती हैं जो अक्सर वे अपने सामान्य जीवन को खतरे में डाल देते हैं और उनका दैनिक जीवन नकारात्मक रूप से प्रभावित हो जाता है. हालांकि अधिकांश वयस्क ओसीडी रोगियों का एहसास है कि उनके अजीब व्यवहार को समझ में नहीं आता है, लेकिन फिर भी वे बस रुक सकते हैं.

इस बीमारी के विशेषज्ञों का कहना है कि ओसीडी दुनिया भर में लगभग 2.3% लोगों को अपने जीवन में किसी बिंदु पर प्रभावित करता है. आमतौर पर लक्षण 35 वर्ष की आयु के बाद शुरू होते हैं, हालांकि ऐसे कई लोग हैं जो 20 से पहले भी ओसीडी के लक्षण विकसित करते हैं. पुरुष और महिला को इस बीमारी से भी उतनी ही प्रभावित होती हैं.

यदि आपके पास ओसीडी है, तो इस बीमारी से ठीक होने में आप कई तरह से मदद कर सकते हैं. ओसीडी अनुष्ठानों को समाप्त करने वाली सबसे शक्तिशाली रणनीतियों में से एक जो आपके जुनून को चालू करता है.

ओसीडी के लक्षण

  1. गंदगी या रोगाणुओं से दूषित होने का भय या दूसरों को दूषित करने के बारे में परेशान सोच प्राप्त करें.
  2. चीजों की अत्यधिक जांच, जैसे उपकरण, ताले और स्विच.
  3. अत्यधिक प्रार्थना या धार्मिक अनुष्ठानों में भाग लेना- जो डर से ट्रिगर होते हैं.
  4. जंक जमा करना और उन्हें निपटाना नहीं.
  5. यौन रूप से स्पष्ट, हिंसक विचारों और छवियों के बारे में सोचते हुए.
  6. बार-बार परिवार के सदस्यों और प्रियजनों को यह देखने के लिए जांच कर रहे हैं कि वे सुरक्षित हैं.


ओसीडी के बचाव

1. अपने डर से मत बचो

यह आपके जुनूनी विचारों से बचने का एक बुद्धिमान निर्णय प्रतीत हो सकता है, लेकिन वास्तव में जितना अधिक आप ऐसा करते हैं, उतना ही डरावना आपको लगता है. इसलिए, अपने ओसीडी ट्रिगर्स को अपने आप को बेनकाब करना सबसे अच्छा है और फिर अपनी राहत मांगने वाली ओसीडी अनुष्ठान को पूरा करने के लिए आग्रह करने या आग्रह करने का प्रयास करें. यदि आपके हिस्से पर प्रतिरोध बहुत कठिन हो जाता है, तो आप उन्हें करने पर खर्च किए जाने वाले समय को कम करने का प्रयास करें. यह देखा गया है कि आप अपने ओसीडी ट्रिगरों के लिए जितनी बार खुद को उजागर करते हैं, आपकी चिंता भी कम होनी चाहिए और आपको जल्द ही पता चलेगा कि आपने यह समझना शुरू कर दिया है कि आप अपने ओसीडी अनुष्ठानों के मुकाबले ज्यादा नियंत्रण में हैं.

2. अपना ध्यान दोबारा शुरू करें

जब आप अपने ओसीडी के आग्रह और विचारों का सामना कर रहे हैं, तो अपना ध्यान किसी और चीज़ पर बदलने की कोशिश करें. आप चलने के लिए जा सकते हैं, अभ्यास कर सकते हैं, वेब सर्फ कर सकते हैं, और फोन कॉल कर सकते हैं, वीडियो गेम और अन्य खेल सकते हैं. महत्वपूर्ण बात यह है कि, जो भी आप करते हैं, बाध्यकारी विचारों के प्रति आपकी प्रतिक्रिया में देरी करने के लिए, कम से कम 20 मिनट के लिए कुछ करने का आनंद लें.

3. उम्मीद है कि ओसीडी आग्रह करता है

अपने जुनूनी और बाध्यकारी आग्रहों की उम्मीद करके, उठने से पहले भी, आप अपने ओसीडी से छुटकारा पाने में मदद कर सकते हैं. जो कुछ भी बाध्यकारी विचार हो, वह पहली बार नौकरी पर अतिरिक्त ध्यान दें. ताकि जब बाद में करने या आग्रह करने का आग्रह उठता है, तो आपको विचार को एक जुनूनी विकार के रूप में फिर से लेबल करना आसान लगेगा.

इस मानसिक बीमारी का कारण अज्ञात है. हालांकि, डॉक्टरों के अनुसार आनुवंशिक और पर्यावरणीय कारकों दोनों इस रोग को विकसित करने में एक भूमिका निभाते हैं.




 

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