Hepatitis B is the name of a virus that leads to causing a long lasting and chronic viral infection in the body which goes on to affecting the liver in an adverse manner. This disease is usually identified by its feature that it lasts for more than 6 months, and it can happen to anyone ranging from infants to adults. The virus is very contagious in nature and it spreads from person to person through transmission of bodily fluids. The most common symptoms of the viral infection include: abdominal pain, joint pain, loss of appetite, nausea, dark urine, fever, vomiting, weakness and fatigue and jaundice.
HOW IS HEPATITIS B DIAGNOSED?
Hepatitis B is the most common serious liver infection in the world.
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The term hepatitis comes from an ancient Greece in which ‘hepar’ means liver and ‘itis’ means inflammation. In medical terms the inflammation of the cells in your liver causes an injury known as hepatitis. There are many types of hepatitis and proper diagnosis in a laboratory can tell the type you have contracted. Some of the types are given below:
Hepatitis A is caused due to eating or drinking contaminated food and water.
Hepatitis B is caused due to STD meaning sexually transmitted diseases.
Hepatitis C spreads by direct contact with the blood of the infected person.
Other form of hepatitis b is caused only if you have already infected yourself with hepatitis b.
Drinking contaminated water can cause hepatitis e virus also called HEV.
Much of the damage done your liver is caused due to hepatitis a, b, and c viruses. Consumption of alcohol and other harmful toxic substances can also cause hepatitis. Your body’s own autoimmune process can be the cause of hepatitis virus by attacking the own host body. But the latter is a rare phenomenon.
Symptoms of hepatitis:
The hepatitis virus sometimes may not show many symptoms initially and generally starts to show the following initial effect from 15 to 180 days after you have been infected. Those are:
1. Muscular ache
2. Loss of appetite and fatigue
4. Pain in your abdomen
5. Weight loss and frequent vomiting
6. Nausea and mild fever
If in the infection takes a very bad shape then the following symptoms occurs in your body. Those are:
1. Dark urine.
2. Problems in the circulatory system in your body.
3. Enlargement of spleen due to alcohol related hepatitis.
4. Drowsiness and dizziness due to drug induced hepatitis.
5. Headaches and hives.
6. Yellowish and itchy skin along with signs of jaundice.
The treatment procedure for various types of hepatitis is given below:
1. Hepatitis a – It is generally caused from alcohol and your doctor will generally ask you to quit alcohol for a certain period of time or altogether. Hepatitis a can be cured and you can gain quick recovery if you abstain from alcohol.
2. Hepatitis b – Bed rest and regular intake of diet with high content of protein and carbohydrates will help your body to repair the damaged cells and tissues along with protection of your liver. You may also be prescribed interferon, an antiviral agent.
3. Hepatitis c – You doctor may prescribe ribavirin and pegylated interferon. Vitamin B12 supplements may also help to recover quickly.
Hepatitis can be life threatening and easily avoidable if you take necessary precautions. Lybrate gives you the ultimate chance to contact the best hepatologists and gastroenterologists who will give you the best consultation in the industry. Lybrate offers you the best medical practitioners related to the hepatitis infection in Gurgaon, Indore, Jaipur, Jalandhar, Lucknow. Subscribe to Lybrate to know more about hepatitis treatment and causes.