What Is Biliary Tract Disorder?

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Prashant K Vaidya 90% (18372 ratings)
What Is Biliary Tract Disorder?

Acute calculus cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder that develops in the setting of an obstructed cystic or bile duct. It usually develops after 5 hours of biliary-type pain. The initial inflammation is caused by chemical irritation, and bacterial infection probably is a secondary event.


  • malignant neoplasm of the gallbladder
  • malignant neoplasm of other parts of biliary tract
  • extrahepatic bile duct
  • ampulla of Vater
  • cholelithiasis
  • cholecystitis
  • others (excluding postcholecystectomy syndrome), but including
  • other obstructions of the gallbladder (like strictures)
  • hydrops, perforation, fistula
  • cholesterolosis
  • biliary dyskinesia
  • K83: other diseases of the biliary tract:
  • cholangitis (including ascending cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis)
  • obstruction, perforation, fistula of biliary tract
  • spasm of sphincter of Oddi
  • biliary cyst
  • biliary atresis

Symptoms of possible biliary disease:

Although symptoms may differ among bile duct disorders, symptoms common to many of the disorders include:


The tests performed vary according to the suspected bile duct disorder. However, tests commonly performed to diagnose many bile duct disorders may include:

  • Blood tests
  • Liver function tests
  • Ultrasound
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
  • Liver biopsy
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