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Heart Attack - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is the treatment?

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix. Cervix is located in the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Cervical cancer is one major cause of cancer and cancer caused deaths in women. Cervical cancer is caused when the cells in the cervix are infected by high-risk types of HPV or human papillomavirus.

Early-stage cervical cancer generally do not produce any signs or symptoms. Signs and symptoms start to develop when the cells start affecting the surrounding cells of the cervix. Signs and symptoms of cervical cancer include abnormal pain, heavy abnormal discharge, pain during urination etc. Symptoms of more-advanced cervical cancer include vaginal bleeding after intercourse, between periods or after menopause, watery, bloody vaginal discharge that may be heavy and have a foul odor and severe pelvic pain or pain during intercourse.

Treatment for cervical cancer depends on several factors. These factors include the stage of the cancer, other health problems associated etc. Treatment methods include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or a combination of the three. Surgery removes the cancer cells from the body, depending on the location and extent of cancer spread. Surgery also takes into consideration the choice of bearing babies. Radiation passes high-dose X-rays or implants in the vaginal cavity to kill the cancer cells. Chemotherapy is used in the advanced stage of cervical cancer. Chemoradiation is a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

How is the treatment done?

Cervical cancer which is detected early can be cured faster and better and also alleviates the risk of other problems. Patients affected with cervical cancer are first screened and diagnosed properly before moving onto the treatment.

Screening tests include a PAP test and HPV DNA test. During a Pap test, cells from the cervix are taken by the doctor using scrapes and brushes. These cells are then examined in a lab for abnormalities.A Pap test help to detect abnormal cells in the cervix, including cancer cells and cells that show changes that increase the risk of cervical cancer.The HPV DNA test helps to diagnose cells collected from the cervix for infection with any of the types of HPV. These cells are most likely to lead to cervical cancer. This test is prescribed for women of age 30 and older, or for younger women with an abnormal Pap test.

A special magnifying instrument (colposcope) is used to check for abnormal cells in the cervix which show signs and symptoms of being infected with cancer cells. Punch biopsy, Endocervical curettage, Electrical wire loop and cone biopsy are the several ways to detect the stage and extent of cancer in the body. Depending on the stage and extent of spread of cancer cells in the patient, they are staged under four- Stage I, stage II, stage III and stage IV. For this purpose, imaging tests like X-rays, CT scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) are used. These tests along with visual examination of the bladder and rectum help the doctor to determine whether the cancer has spread beyond the cervix region.

Treatment of cancer depends on the type of cancer and stage of advancement, patient’s age, medical history, any coexisting diseases or conditions, and other factors. Surgery is done when the tumor cells can be removed overall. Surgical procedures include conization, hysterectomy, cryosurgery, laser surgery, pelvic exenteration. etc. These procedures include laser beams or freezing and destroying methods to kill the cancer cells developed and prevent further multiplication of the same. Radiotherapy may be given for larger tumours in the cervix and it is usually given if the cancer cells have spread beyond the cervix and is not curable with surgery alone. Radiotherapy may also be used after surgery when there is a high risk that the cancer may come back. It is often given in combination with chemotherapy (chemoradiation). Radiotherapy can be of two types, external and internal. Chemotherapy is a method which uses medications which are usually injected into a vein, to kill cancer cells. These anti-cancer drugs aim to destroy all cancer cells with the least damage to normal cells. Chemotherapy is used in an advanced stage of cancer.

Who is eligible for the treatment?

Women should always consult a doctor as soon as possible if they face symptoms that could indicate cervical cancer. They should visit the doctor if they experience unexpected bleeding between menstrual periods, irregular periods with severe vaginal bleeding, if the blood clots and causes pain, abnormal vaginal discharge containing mucus that may be tinged with blood and unexpected bleeding after douching or sex. If diagnosed with cervical cancer, they should consult the doctor immediately and get started with the treatment.

Are there any side effects?

There are several side effects of the methods used in the treatment of cervical cancer. Surgery can also require removal of the ovaries. This means one will not be able to bear children anymore. Also, surgeries can leave behind parts of the cancer cells, which may later develop into something severe. Radiation therapy for cervical cancer can cause side effects on the patient like fatigue (tiredness), upset stomach, diarrhea or loose stools (if radiation is given to the pelvis or abdomen), nausea and vomiting and skin changes. Brachytherapy radiation only travels a short distance and causes irritation on the cervix and the walls of the vagina. Long term side effects of radiation therapy includes vaginal stenosis and vaginal dryness. They cause the cells and tissues to scar which make the vagina narrower and stretching limited. Radiation to the pelvis can weaken the bones, leading to low bone density and bone fractures. Hip fractures are the most common. Legs can also become swelled because of the fluid drainage problems in the leg. This is called lymphoedema. Women may also face side effects of menopause, which takes on after three months of the beginning of the treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After cervical cancer surgery, patients are encouraged to start moving about as soon as possible. This is done to encourage faster recovery and it is an essential part of recovery. If movement is not possible, patients must do regular leg movements and deep breathing exercises. Taking further medicines as prescribed and maintaining a proper life style will aid recovery faster. People should also consult their doctors after treatment for check-ups.

How long does it take to recover?

For a laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy, people stay at the hospital for two or three days. They need about three to four weeks to recover. For an abdominal hysterectomy, patients stay at the hospital is for three to five days and complete recovery takes about four to six weeks. Recovery from total pelvic exenteration takes a long time. They take around six months to recover completely. Some may even take a year or two. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy usually occur in sessions, thus, recovery takes a greater time.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Treatment of cervical cancer is very expensive. Surgeries and session wise radiation and chemotherapies are highly out of pocket for most of the mass. The cost of the cervical cancer treatment in India is around Rs 3,00,000- Rs 10,00,000. Some people incur even greater costs due to extended treatment and other associated complications.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Treatment aims to permanently cure the cancer or to bring about a complete remission of the disease. Usually, people with early detection of cervical cancer get treated permanently. But, the consequences of the procedures last life long for majority of the people. Also, treatment may fail to save the patient from the life threatening cancer cells if they are detected at a late stage when recovery is impossible. Later stages of cancer cannot be cured by treatment. Early detection may help the person live normal life expectancy but with some side effects.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are several types of alternative treatments available for cervical cancer. Apart from the standardized surgeries and therapies, people may use other methods like acupuncture, massage therapy, herbal products, spiritual healing, visualization etc for curing cervical cancer. Meditation and a proper diet rich in vitamins can also be used to prevent cancer cells from growing and reproducing. Many patients claim that these alternative treatments help them feel better. It is important to remember that these alternative treatments can only be done alongside the main treatment. These complementary treatments are done to provide relief from the symptoms and side effects of cancer treatments. Some types of alternative treatment may interfere with standard treatment. In some cases, the combination of alternative treatment and standard treatment may even be harmful. Hence, it is always better to consult a doctor at every step.

Usually self diagnosable Lab test always required Non communicable
Prolonged pain on the chest Discomfort on the upper body Stomach pain which leads to a heartburn Anxiety and lightheadedness Immense sweating nausea and vomitting

Popular Health Tips

Why Tooth Cleaning Is Necessary?

BDS, Certificate of Speciality Training In Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics, Advanced Certificate Course In Aesthetic Dentistry
Dentist, Mumbai
Why Tooth Cleaning Is Necessary?

Tooth cleaning is performed by professional hygienist or dentist.A normal plaque can be removed with the help of tooth brush but tartar or calculus cannot be removed by normal brushing.

Professional tools are required to clean them, which might be getting accumulates on your tooth even below the gum level.Smoking and tobacoo stain can also be removed by getting scaling and polishing done. 
Area of the tooth if left uncleaned and tarter is not removed may lead to more severe gum disease.

Kidney Stones - Can Homeopathy Treat Them Effectively?

Homeopath, Hyderabad
Kidney Stones - Can Homeopathy Treat Them Effectively?

Are you suffering from kidney stones and looking for an effective, natural treatment? You should choose homeopathy, as it works well in treating kidney stones. A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline, mineral development in your kidneys or urinary tract. The condition is called nephrolithisis. Kidney stones occur due to a reduction in your urine volume, and because of the presence of excess stone-forming substance in your urine. Homeopathic treatment of kidney stones does not involve any side effects, and various homeopathic medicines are used as a part of the treatment. Some of them are as follows:


  1. This medicine is used when a sharp pain is experienced because of kidney stones.
  2. A patient experiences strains and cramps along the ureter during the passage of calculus.
  3. Fever and irritation are also likely.

Benzoic acid:

  1. Benzoic acid is prescribed in case of nephritic colic.
  2. Offensive urinary symptoms are experienced. The urine is usually deep red with strong and foul odor.
  3. The urine may alternatively be thick, and clear.

Argentum Nit:

  1. This homeopathic medicine is used for treating kidney stones, which develop because of kidney congestion.
  2. Dull backache and ache in the bladder are experienced, along with dark urine, containing deposits of uric acid and blood.
  3. A patient experiences an increased urge for urination, but a very small amount of urine is passed at once.
  4. A burning sensation while passing urine is indicated along with swelling of the urethra.


  1. This homeopathic medicine is used during the paroxysms of renal colic. Extreme pain and excitement are indicated.
  2. The pain may be cutting in nature, and it shoots in various directions, affecting your limbs and different parts of the body.
  3. There is an increased urge to urinate, and an aversion to fluids is developed by a patient in spite of feeling thirsty.


  1. This is another effective homeopathic remedy used for treating kidney stones, when the patient experiences a shooting pain radiating from a certain point and he or she becomes unable to move because of the pain.
  2. Also there is a darting pain experienced in the ureter, extending down to your legs.
  3. There is an indication of the development of little pinheads in the pelvis that starts growing down your bladder.

You must consult a homeopathic practitioner before taking homeopathic medicines for the treatment of kidney stones. A doctor will suggest you the best homeopathic medicines based on the symptoms you experience and the severity of the condition.

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Popular Questions & Answers

I have right renal calculus about 5-6 mm in my right kidney. I took Ciprofloxacin for 7 days and nitrofurantoin twice for 5 days already. What medicine I should take? All other blood and urine test are ok. Creatine is 0.8.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Genito Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ludhiana
These are small stones keep drinking plenty of fluid daily around 4-5litres and take syp k-cit 15 ml thrice daily in a glass of water for, 2-3 months.

My brother is 28 years of age. His USG report of abdomen shows a calculus of 0.5 cm at left kidney. And an enlarged prostate of 33gms. What do you suggest for treatment and recovery?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Genito Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Ludhiana
Tell him to drink plenty of fluid daily around 4-5litres. It is a small stone should come out on its own. Don't worry about prostate size at this age.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?

How is the treatment done?

Who is eligible for the treatment?

Are there any side effects?

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

How long does it take to recover?

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Play video
Kidney Stones and Renal Calculi
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Kidney Stones and Renal Calculi

Hello everyone I'm Dr. Pallavi Mehta. I'm a homeopathic physician practicing in Mulund area since the last 5 and half years now. In my practice. I come across many cases which are succesfully treated with homeopathy. One of the cases in which I've seen very good results is kidney stones or renal calculi. Renal calculi is basically hard deposits of urine which are majorly composed of minerals and acid salts. The most common form of kidney stones is calcium oxalate stone. However, calcium phosphate, stru white and uric acid stones are also seen very commonly. There are other varieties as well.

The primary symptom which is faced by the people with urinal calculi is pain in the upper back region which radiates in the front. This is also called renal colic. There are other symptoms as well like nausea, vomiting or difficulty in passing urine, difficulty in passing frequent and small parts of urine and tehre might be some blood in urine etc. The commonest cause of having renal calculi or kidney stone is having a concentrated urine. Basically this happens because of insufficient drinking of water. However at this point i would also like to mention one thing that consuming enough calcium from natural food sources does not usually effect the formation of renal calculi but at the same time consumption of high oxalates can definitely cause renal calculi. The richest source of oxalate is spinach, beet, nuts, potato chips etc.

Uric acid stones are commonly found in people having gout and they can also be seen in people who are undergoing chemotherapy. Easiest way to diagnose kidney stones is by doing an X-ray or an ultrasound. A routine examination of the urine can also help us identify the kind of stone we have. Treatment of the kidney stones needs a Holistic approach, proper diet and proper intake of water is as important as taking proper medication. With homeopathic treatment we can also prevent the complications which can happen due to kidney stones and also prevent the recurrences which are commonly seen in stones.

In my experience I've come across and also treated a teenage female who used to have renal calculi since the age of 10yrs. She had also undergone two operations for the same situation and when she came to me she was also having a condition known as hydronefrosis which is basically a situation where in the stone gets implanted in the ureter leading to accumulation of urine in kidneys and swelling of the bladder ultimately. Within 6 months of the treatment, not only the stone was dissolved, the hydro nefrosis was reduced, it was almost gone and now it's been 3yrs that she has been out of treatment and she has not had even one problem related to urine and no stones at all.

In another case in a female of 70yrs old, she used to have frequent renal calculi and frequent urinary infections since almost as high as 20yrs. She used to have infections as frequently as twice every month. But within a month of starting the treatment, the urine culture report started dropping drastically which indiactes the number of bacteria in the urine, and it has been one and a half years since she has started the treatment in October 2015 and she has not had calculi at all and had only once urinal tract infection that too beacuse of some travelling issues and her personal issues of drinking insufficient water. Basically such are the good results we get in homeopathic treatment for conditions as important as renal calculi. Many people tend to rush to the urologist for such conditions and they tend to ignore alternate therapy.

I would really like to recommend that you can also consider alternate therapy like homeopathy for such conditions. For more information you can definitely contact me at Thank you.
Play video
Stone Disease
Kidney Stones, also known as Renal Calculi is a condition usually brought about by inadequate hydration and consumption of food high in calcium, but in most cases it a hereditary condition.
Play video
Pregnancy Care
Hello viewers, I am Dr Purnima Jain. I am practising Obstetrics and Gynaecology from last 17 years. In this video, I am going to talk about Pregnancy Care and the different investigations required during pregnancy.

Pregnancy is the most happiest period of a women's life but at the same time, women goes through various emotional conflicts during this epriod. So, she is happy about her pregnancy but at the same time, she is worried about the various ailments which affect during pregnancy. Also, she is scared about various investigations and scans which are being done repeatedly. So, she should be explained and informed and explained about various things which are required during pregnancy.

I am tyelling you the things which are commonly practised by all the gynaecologist. There may be different view of different doctors but the goal of all is same, that is, to have a healthy abby and a healthy mother at the end of pregnancy. And to achieve this, I think that the patient should be well informed because a well informed patient will enjoy her pregnancy and after the period is over, she will have a better outcome.

How to calculate the expected date of delivery?

The first question which patient asks is when will be the delivery date. So, we should know that how to calculate the expected date of delivery. Usually the duration of pregnancy is about 40 weeks or 280 days and it is calculated from the last day of periods. It is a simple method of calculation is, from last menstrual period + 9 months + 1 week gives the expected date of delivery. Suppose your Last month od periods was 10th.oct, 2016 then the expected date of delivery will be 17th.july, 2017.

Secondly, we divide pregnancy into 3 trimesters.

1st Trimester is from 1- 12 weeks.

2nd Trimester is from 12-28 weeks.

3rd Trimester is from 29-40 weeks.

The division of these three trimesters is necessary because problems during different period are different and care during different period are different.

In 1st Trimester, as soon as you diagnose your pregnancy, one should visit a gynaecologist and get registered with the gynaecologist because at this time, we need to get certain investigations done and patients usually have some problems like vomiting and most frequent problem during 1st trimester is problem of abortion. The routine investigation which are done during 1st trimester are Haemoglobin, serum TSH level, blood group, HIV, Hepatitis B surface antigens, BDRL, blood sugar levels, routine urine test, microscopic examination, IGM levels and if required HPMC level.

Ultrasound scan is usually done on 6th week for the confirmation of pregnancy, viability and in the later time for dating of pregnancy.

2nd trimester is usually healthier period. Patient usually suffer least problems. But during the 2nd trimester, at 16th week, we give first tetanus toxoid injections. And on 18th week, we do anomaly scan and triple or quad test. On 20th week, 2nd dose of tetanus toxoid is given. On 24th week, we do blood sugar test fastinga nd after meals. On 22nd week, if required a Fetal echo is done. If required means, if there is a malformation history of previous child or if the mother is suffering from hypertension, heart failure etc. Duering 2ns trimester, irona nd calcium supplementations are usually started and diet counselling is done.

During 3rd trimester, on 28th week, a color doppler test is done to see fetal growth and well being. On 32nd week, routine check up is done. And on 36th week, a repeat ultrasound for fetal representation is done.

After 36th week, a patient should visit gynaecologist every week to avoid complications.

For further information, please contact me through Lybrate.
Play video
Bone Disorders

I am Dr. CM Batra. I am senior consultant endocrinologist in Apollo Hospital, Delhi. I will be talking to you today on bone disorders in endocrinology i.e. the hormonal disorder. Hormonal diseases that cause disease in the bone. The 3 bone disorders which are there in endocrinology in which hormones play the effective role. They are: osteomalacia, hyperparathyroidism, osteoporosis. All 3 presents with bone pain. Pain in the legs, body and increased chances of fracture. Osteomalacia is due to the deficiency of vitamin-D.

In this bone becomes weak and brittle and there are small fractures with severe pain. And the treatment is given with the vitamin-D and calcium supplements. 2nd disease: hyperparathyroidism, in this glands behind the neck becomes large and produces the a lot more hormones and causes PTH. PTH destroys the bones. This again represents with the bone pain and fractures. It is also represented as a renal calculi i.e. kidney stones. The treatment is to locate the tumor and remove it. 3rd is called osteoporosis. In this bones become weak and usually it is seen in post menopausal woman or man above the age of 50 years old. The diagnosis is done by bone mineral densitometer. With this patient can be scanned and we can see that how much bone density is there. The treatment is very simple in the form of drugs.

Thank You.
Play video
Know More About Obesity
How to manage Obesity?

Hello everyone. I am Ms. Kanchan Patwardhan. I am clinical dietician and nutritionist, working in this field for the last 22 years. See, today I am going to speak about Obesity.

What is the biggest killer today? It is not war. It is not natural calamities. It is not diseases but the lifestyle. You know, the major cause of all problems is obesity. So, today we are going to talk about obesity and generally when obesity comes and when you are on weight loss programs so generally people think that you have to eat tasteless food, boiled food and starvation, you have to only eat soups, you have to only eat salads, and it is a total torture for your body isn t? But believe me, diet is a mind game. Kanchan House Of Health and Nutrition prepares a diet for you which not only satisfies your taste buds but definitely going to help you in weight loss also. We don t give any yogo diet. We will make sure you will have all the food groups including carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals.

We calculate everything and we give it to you according to your lifestyle, not according to my lifestyle. This is the biggest benefit if you take Kanchan s House of Health and Nutrition s diet. So when we talk about dieting, generally people think that eating soups and salads is diet or eating boiled food or eating tasteless food without spices is diet but believe me, diet is not like that. When your diet is good and tasty, then only you can sustain it for a longer period. Otherwise, in between you will stop that dieting and you will not achieve your diet plan or diet goals.

So if you want you can join Kanchan s House of Health and Nutrition and we will give you the best diet which suits your necessity, which suits your requirement, which is actually according to your region, your time, your pattern, so whenever you want to join us, please contact us and keep watching my videos. Thank you very much.
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