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Overview

Psychological Disorders - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Psychological Disorders? Causes of Psychological Disorders. What is the symptoms of Psychological Disorders? Treatment of Psychological Disorders. Prevention to avoid Psychological Disorders. Withdrawal symptoms of Psychological Disorders.

What is Psychological Disorders?

To understand about psychological disorders, we must first know what a psychological disorder is. A psychological disorder or more commonly known as a mental disorder is defined as the behavioural symptoms of an individual which are considered maladaptive and hamper the day-to-day functioning of the concerned individual’s life. According to DSM-5, the latest edition of the American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic manual, personal distress alone is not sufficient for a disorder to be psychological; it should also be coupled with causing damage to multiple spheres of life such as social, personal and/or professional.

Causes of Psychological Disorders.

Psychological disorders such as - clinical depression, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder and dementia – are not caused by one single factor alone. They are a complex mix of both genetic factors and environmental dynamics. The causes that lead to the inception of a mental disorder are called risk factors and are highly case specific – they depend from person-to-person and cannot be generalised per se. However the following list of risk factors has been identified which lead to the development of psychological disorders.

  • The personal or biological risk factors include – pathogens, genetics, injuries (any major injury which leads to impairment of physical or mental activity by the individual), substance abuse (such as drugs or alcohol), complications during gestation or birth and cognitive style (the way in which an individual processes information)
  • Environmental factors comprise of – traumatic life events (such as the death of a loved one, divorce), exposure to certain toxins, poor nutrition, abuse (physical, emotional and/or sexual), neglect during childhood, poverty and war.

What is the symptoms of Psychological Disorders?

Just as it is difficult to pinpoint particular causes that lead to the advancement of psychological disorders, it is equally problematic to isolate symptoms for a said mental disorder on a generic basis as symptoms may vary from person-to-person and from the nature of the said disorder. However the following list of symptoms has been compiled to recognise the symptoms of any given psychological disorder.

  • Intense mood swings
  • Erratic thinking.
  • Exaggerated or deflated sense of self-worth.
  • Problems in personal relationships .
  • Hallucinations (the belief of seeing or hearing things/people that aren’t really there).
  • Drug or alcohol abuse (it is both a cause as well as a symptom).
  • Bouts of depression.
  • Thoughts of harming themselves or others .
  • Irregular sleeping patterns – either sleeping too much or too little .

Treatment of Psychological Disorders.

Some medical experts advocate that use of medication such as anti-depressants which are essentially bio-chemical in nature. While some argue that psychotherapy alone should suffice. However there is emerging growing consensus that the use of both kinds of treatments can effectively deal with the problem of psychological disorders.

  • Medication helps by increasing the levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin (responsible for maintaining mood balance) which can alleviate the depressive mood of an individual. However the drawback to using medication is that its beneficial effects stop when the individual stops taking the prescribed dose of that medicine. Several problems can also arise if patients overdose on their medicine.
  • Therefore psychotherapy such as cognitive, interpersonal and behavioural therapy is seen as a more permanent solution to the problem. One of the reasons why psychotherapy is of more use when compared to medication is because psychotherapy deals with the 'root cause” of the problem.
  • Although psychotherapy is not related to biology, research studies have shown that it leads to positive biochemical changes in the body of an individual in the same manner as medication does. Therefore the use of medication and psychotherapy seems to be the ideal way to deal with a psychological disorder.
  • Other treatment measures include aerobic exercises, penning down emotional thoughts in a journal, keeping a gratitude notebook to feel thankful, performing random acts of kindness, spending time with nature, engaging in activities that are enjoyable and providing the injured with suitable work and psychosocial rehabilitation to make the injured feel understood and accepted.

Prevention to avoid Psychological Disorders.

Preventing mental disorders early in life can prove to be highly beneficial not just to the individual but also to the community. Boosting your self-esteem and controlling your stress can go a long way in helping you. Paying close attention to warning signs by contacting your therapist, friends or family in case you notice your behaviour changing can be of immense help. Taking proper care of yourself –sleeping well, intake of proper nutrition, maintaining personal relationships and engaging in regular physical activities has been shown to prevent disorders as well.

Withdrawal symptoms of Psychological Disorders.

Withdrawal symptoms caused by the treatment are case-specific dependent upon the nature of the mental disorder and the characteristics of the individual. However withdrawal symptoms are mainly seen when the disorder is treated with medication as medicinal drugs artificially increase levels of dopamine and serotonin. As a result, it can be extremely difficult for the individual when the brain has to naturally produce appropriate levels of these neurotransmitters. This is the main reason why psychotherapy is seen as a long-term solution since the withdrawal symptoms related to it are little. When it comes to mental disorders and withdrawal symptoms, medical experts believe that clinging onto the hope that things will become better is essential and a game-changer. After-all, it’s all psychological.

Popular Questions & Answers

psychiatrist Dr. prescribed tab oleanz rt and clozapine. How I take these tablet dissolving in this or swallow with water for best effect. Please answer psychiatrist.

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Take with water after food. Preferably at night as both has sedative effects. If you feel drowsy the next day, then try taking the medications one hour earlier than your usual time.
1 person found this helpful

Would like to have 2nd opinion regarding psychiatric treatment of my 22 yrd old son .his blood tlc ,rbc, and hct have come low. He is advised on olang 10 mg at night and 2.5 mg in the morning ,antichol 1 mg in the morning. And lexpro 5 mg in the afternoon .he is feeling fatigue and low in energy level. He is being given these medicines since 1st jan-2020. He has otherwise recovered from basic problem for which treatment was started.

MBBS, Diploma in Psychological Medicine-DPM, Certificate course in Diabetes Mellitus
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
How low are the rbc, hct and tlc. Many times minor variation does not matter. Major variation will need physician consultation. Fatigue can be part of the original psychiatric problem, though so called basic symptoms have subsided now. May need so...
1 person found this helpful

Is there any medicine which I can take to bring back my interest in hobbies? I already talked to my psychiatrist but it's not helpful. I wanna feel good again. Toficalm? Is is good?

MS - Counseling, M.Phil - Psychology
Psychologist, Gurgaon
Interest is not a chemical substance that can be injected. Interests are developed over to A period of time by putting some efforts in doing them. Plan small goals and accomplish them . This is the only way. All the best !

A woman from a political party always tries to brag & impose her will on others & even picks up fights with neighbours. She brags being very rich what could all these symptoms could be related to what disorder.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. With the given information it is difficult to diagnose. Still in a hindsight, it could be borderline personality disorder. Need more investigation. Hope I have answere...
2 people found this helpful

I do not know my problem is I'm suffering some psychological issues ,I can not sit in one place stay attention on one thing even I can not do one thing long, sometimes I walking very fast sometimes with out knowing me ,i do not like to talk with other people, and sometimes im fear to reach new place, and im feel very sad sometimes, whats my problem is? And I have not any mood to go new places?

post graduate Diploma - Guidance & Councelling
Psychologist, Delhi
Hi it would have been better if you could detail about your family and professional life. And little bit about your past experiences, well from this present situation I would like to suggest you to practice breathing exercises and try to meditate....
1 person found this helpful

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