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Overview

Psychological Disorders - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Psychological Disorders?

To understand about psychological disorders, we must first know what a psychological disorder is. A psychological disorder or more commonly known as a mental disorder is defined as the behavioural symptoms of an individual which are considered maladaptive and hamper the day-to-day functioning of the concerned individual’s life. According to DSM-5, the latest edition of the American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic manual, personal distress alone is not sufficient for a disorder to be psychological; it should also be coupled with causing damage to multiple spheres of life such as social, personal and/or professional.

Causes of Psychological Disorders.

Psychological disorders such as - clinical depression, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder and dementia – are not caused by one single factor alone. They are a complex mix of both genetic factors and environmental dynamics. The causes that lead to the inception of a mental disorder are called risk factors and are highly case specific – they depend from person-to-person and cannot be generalised per se. However the following list of risk factors has been identified which lead to the development of psychological disorders.

  • The personal or biological risk factors include – pathogens, genetics, injuries (any major injury which leads to impairment of physical or mental activity by the individual), substance abuse (such as drugs or alcohol), complications during gestation or birth and cognitive style (the way in which an individual processes information)
  • Environmental factors comprise of – traumatic life events (such as the death of a loved one, divorce), exposure to certain toxins, poor nutrition, abuse (physical, emotional and/or sexual), neglect during childhood, poverty and war.

What is the symptoms of Psychological Disorders?

Just as it is difficult to pinpoint particular causes that lead to the advancement of psychological disorders, it is equally problematic to isolate symptoms for a said mental disorder on a generic basis as symptoms may vary from person-to-person and from the nature of the said disorder. However the following list of symptoms has been compiled to recognise the symptoms of any given psychological disorder.

  • Intense mood swings
  • Erratic thinking.
  • Exaggerated or deflated sense of self-worth.
  • Problems in personal relationships .
  • Hallucinations (the belief of seeing or hearing things/people that aren’t really there).
  • Drug or alcohol abuse (it is both a cause as well as a symptom).
  • Bouts of depression.
  • Thoughts of harming themselves or others .
  • Irregular sleeping patterns – either sleeping too much or too little .

Treatment of Psychological Disorders.

Some medical experts advocate that use of medication such as anti-depressants which are essentially bio-chemical in nature. While some argue that psychotherapy alone should suffice. However there is emerging growing consensus that the use of both kinds of treatments can effectively deal with the problem of psychological disorders.

  • Medication helps by increasing the levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin (responsible for maintaining mood balance) which can alleviate the depressive mood of an individual. However the drawback to using medication is that its beneficial effects stop when the individual stops taking the prescribed dose of that medicine. Several problems can also arise if patients overdose on their medicine.
  • Therefore psychotherapy such as cognitive, interpersonal and behavioural therapy is seen as a more permanent solution to the problem. One of the reasons why psychotherapy is of more use when compared to medication is because psychotherapy deals with the 'root cause” of the problem.
  • Although psychotherapy is not related to biology, research studies have shown that it leads to positive biochemical changes in the body of an individual in the same manner as medication does. Therefore the use of medication and psychotherapy seems to be the ideal way to deal with a psychological disorder.
  • Other treatment measures include aerobic exercises, penning down emotional thoughts in a journal, keeping a gratitude notebook to feel thankful, performing random acts of kindness, spending time with nature, engaging in activities that are enjoyable and providing the injured with suitable work and psychosocial rehabilitation to make the injured feel understood and accepted.

Prevention to avoid Psychological Disorders.

Preventing mental disorders early in life can prove to be highly beneficial not just to the individual but also to the community. Boosting your self-esteem and controlling your stress can go a long way in helping you. Paying close attention to warning signs by contacting your therapist, friends or family in case you notice your behaviour changing can be of immense help. Taking proper care of yourself –sleeping well, intake of proper nutrition, maintaining personal relationships and engaging in regular physical activities has been shown to prevent disorders as well.

Withdrawal symptoms of Psychological Disorders.

Withdrawal symptoms caused by the treatment are case-specific dependent upon the nature of the mental disorder and the characteristics of the individual. However withdrawal symptoms are mainly seen when the disorder is treated with medication as medicinal drugs artificially increase levels of dopamine and serotonin. As a result, it can be extremely difficult for the individual when the brain has to naturally produce appropriate levels of these neurotransmitters. This is the main reason why psychotherapy is seen as a long-term solution since the withdrawal symptoms related to it are little. When it comes to mental disorders and withdrawal symptoms, medical experts believe that clinging onto the hope that things will become better is essential and a game-changer. After-all, it’s all psychological.

Popular Health Tips

Psychiatric Disorder - 5 Silent Signs Of It!

MD- Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Aurangabad
Psychiatric Disorder - 5 Silent Signs Of It!

Psychiatric disorders like bipolar disorder or schizophrenia do not appear all of a sudden. There are small changes that happen to an individual over a long period of time until the disease fully develops. These signs and symptoms might be too subtle in the early stage for other people to notice until they become obvious. But an early detection of any irregularity proves to be more beneficial for the patient in the long run.

It is important to know the telltale symptoms of mental disorder to distinguish between what is regular and what is not.

1. Withdrawal

Everyone needs some quiet time to cool off and relax but if a person continuously withdraws him/herself from social occasions and avoids meeting or speaking to friends, it could be a sign that something is wrong. Losing interest in life, work and people are symptoms of depression and psychotic disorder.

2. Thinking problems

Having trouble concentrating, remembering, understanding and explaining oneself in a coherent manner are some common signs of mental disorder.

3. Anxiety

Excessive stress and anxious behavior for a prolonged period are not normal. Frequent heart palpitations, headache, shortness of breath, racing mind and restlessness are cries of help that need to be heard.

4. Emotional outbursts

Sudden dramatic outbursts for no apparent reason, frequent mood swings and feeling distressed are potent signs of mental illnesses. These kinds of behavior are seen as part of a person's nature and so they are often unnoticed.

5. Changes in appetite and sleeping patterns

Oversleeping may be a sign of depression and insomnia could be a sign of anxiety. Changes in appetite and not caring about oneself or the world are indicators of a mental problem.

2445 people found this helpful

Psychiatric Problem - How To Track It?

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Psychiatric Problem - How To Track It?

Psychiatric disorders like bipolar disorder or schizophrenia do not appear all of a sudden. There are small changes that happen to an individual over a long period of time until the disease fully develops. These signs and symptoms might be too subtle in the early stage for other people to notice until they become obvious. But an early detection of any irregularity proves to be more beneficial for the patient in the long run.

It is important to know the telltale symptoms of mental disorder to distinguish between what is regular and what is not.

-Withdrawal

Everyone needs some quiet time to cool off and relax but if a person continuously withdraws him/herself from social occasions and avoids meeting or speaking to friends, it could be a sign that something is wrong. Losing interest in life, work and people are symptoms of depression and psychotic disorder.

-Thinking problems

Having trouble concentrating, remembering, understanding and explaining oneself in a coherent manner are some common signs of mental disorder.

-Anxiety

Excessive stress and anxious behavior for a prolonged period are not normal. Frequent heart palpitations, headache, shortness of breath, racing mind and restlessness are cries of help that need to be heard.

-Emotional outbursts

Sudden dramatic outbursts for no apparent reason, frequent mood swings and feeling distressed are potent signs of mental illnesses. These kinds of behavior are seen as part of a person's nature and so they are often unnoticed.

-Changes in appetite and sleeping patterns

Oversleeping may be a sign of depression and insomnia could be a sign of anxiety. Changes in appetite and not caring about oneself or the world are indicators of a mental problem.

3275 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I do not know my problem is I'm suffering some psychological issues ,I can not sit in one place stay attention on one thing even I can not do one thing long, sometimes I walking very fast sometimes with out knowing me ,i do not like to talk with other people, and sometimes im fear to reach new place, and im feel very sad sometimes, whats my problem is? And I have not any mood to go new places?

post graduate Diploma - Guidance & Councelling
Psychologist, Delhi
Hi it would have been better if you could detail about your family and professional life. And little bit about your past experiences, well from this present situation I would like to suggest you to practice breathing exercises and try to meditate. That is to say do not force yourself to meditate coz that will result in more anxiousness. Stay calm try to read your self and try to live in present. Sometimes when we have bad/sad experiences in the past our mind fails to come out of it and it remains in our subconscious mind which affect us with intermittent sad thoughts and which makes us sad unknowingly. U can meet some good psychologist in your town and consult. Till then concentrate on happy things in your life ,go for walks, meet people. All the best.
1 person found this helpful

Hi sir I think I had a psychological disorder because when I am doing a this like writing a notes in class my mind telling me to do not write this notes this like leav two lines and start from the in my every activity mind speaks to mee I getting soo irritation and while I am walking do not walk in this way I do not know my mind or anything tells mee in ths writing alo my inner character tells me to write spleing mistake so I write in ths manner please tell me a solution I am not able to concentrate on my study.

PhD - Clinical Psychology, Diploma in Clinical and Community Psychology, MA - Clinical Psychology, BA - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Hello Lybrate user The above mentioned symptoms are indicative of underlying psychological issue which needs to be evaluated in details for proper diagnosis and treatment. Try consulting a clinical psychologist for the same. Share what you are feelings with a trusted family member so that they can guide you and support you.

I suffered with anxiety, stress, insomnia, loss of memory and hypertension, lack of emotional intelligence, fear and had homeopathy medicine for some time. Now I stopped medicine with Dr. Suggestion my all psychological problems were solved except memory loss. Now my worry is I want to marry will it effect to my children i.e all psychological diseases transmitted or not to my children my age 29 yrs, I had medicine from 2016 Dec to 2018 jan. How to avoid 100% of all psychological diseases to my children?

MPhil Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Thrissur
Der lybrate-user, Psychological disorders is of biopsychosocial causation. Heredity, our own experiences and environment all these 3 things would affect our mental health. Another aspect is your diagnosis, speak to a lizenced mental health professional and get evaluated. If its just mild anxiety it should not be of much concern. Anyway, meet a clinical psychologist or a psychiatrist and get an opinion. All the best sangeetha.

My husband is an othello syndrome person. Have any treatment for this? By taking treatment will it be cure or not? please suggest your ans.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate-user. Thanks for the question. Pathological jealousy, also known as Morbid jealousy, Othello syndrome or delusional jealousy, is a psychological disorder in which a person is preoccupied with the thought that their spouse or sexual partner is being unfaithful without having any real proof, along with socially unacceptable or abnormal behaviour. Treatment success was notable for patients with dopamine agonist induced Othello's syndrome in which all six patients had improvement in symptoms following decrease in medication. Wikipedia has a decent entry on morbid jealousy. Take care.

Table of Content

What is Psychological Disorders?
Causes of Psychological Disorders.
What is the symptoms of Psychological Disorders?
Treatment of Psychological Disorders.
Prevention to avoid Psychological Disorders.
Withdrawal symptoms of Psychological Disorders.
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Psychological Disorders
Hi, I am Atika. I am a counselling psychologist and I have been practising from last 11 years. I have seen very dangerous mental issues ranging from relationships, marital issues, work stress, parent child, low confidence, too much mental illness and suicide. Today I am going to talk about "Investing in oneself emotionally". As I feel that a lot of our problems arise because we do not look after our emotions like anger, stress and then it all leads to breakdown. We all invest in our career, our ambitions, our standard of living, even in our physical health. Somehow we do not pay attention to our mental health whereas the overall well being depends on the physical as well as the emotional health.

As we grow from our infant to our adulthood, we are taught to take care of our physical health like how to dress, how to eat, how to take care of our physical needs. But somehow, we are not taught that how to take care of our emotional health like that of love, appreciation, acceptance, acknowledgement, companionship.

What happens when these emotional needs are not met?

It will gradually develop into frustration, anger, stress, and eventually a breakdown.

So how do we take care of our emotional needs?

First of all, it is very important to become aware of them. What is the emotional need? To feel acceptance? To feel loved? To feel appreciated? This is required to be identified.
Second is to acknowledge them, that yes these exist, these needs exist through our life.
Third is to accept them, to embrace them
Fourth is to deal with them, to cope with them in a healthy manner.
How can u do all these?

It is important to seek for a counselling. We go to a psychologist or a counsellor who can provide unbiased, safe environment where one can share their deepest fear. Talk about the fear which they are going through, without the fear of being judged. And gradually through the counselling process, we get to know that what drives us, what motivates us, what are our emotional needs and how we fulfill them in a healthy manner.

People who take care of their physical well being, mental well being and emotional well being, are more productive and more fulfilling life. They have better relationships, they are more productive, they are good at work and they are happier individuals.

If you want to know more about emotional needs or more interesting topics or psychological needs, you can contact me through Lybrate or breakingbarriers.co.in.

My clinic is in Sec- 28, Noida. You can come and visit me there for an appointment.

Thank you.



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Sexual Disorders
I am Dr A.S. Reddy. I am a gynecologist and an infertility specialist. Practicing for more than 30 years and now a professor in gynaecology in medical college. I am a psychologist and a qualified sexual medicine specialist, a certified sexologist the by American college of Sexologist.I am one of the operators in indian doctors who specialize in sexual medicine from Oxford. Lure institute of sexual and medicine is an exclusive sexual medicine clinic at Hyderabad.

At our clinic we do, we manage the sexual problems of man, woman, couples. In the men , the problems we deal with are erection problems are somebody who are not able to do sex for a good length of time , early ejaculation, somebody not able to ejaculate even after good length of time doing sex and a man not having sex desire.in addition to this routine sexual problems, which everybody deals with we specialize in assessment/ counselling of homosexuality and assessing/treating prone erection sexual problems.In woman, the lack of sexual desire and lack of response of woman at sex and woman infertility.

In addition to this things, I am a gynecologist, so in a woman, having laxity of her private parts after delivery we make it tight. A girl, unmarried, lost her virginity by whatever reason we do a recreation of the hymen to make her look like a virgin at the time of marriage. And for couples who are having psychological problems, we do psychological problems, we do psychological counseling and psychological education of the sexual processes.

But sexual problems in couples, without any disease which is of psychological origin we do a course called sex therapy. In our institute, we deal with sexual problems in a pure and professional way. Suppose somebody comes with an erection problem, we test everything. This is a machine for diagnosing erection problems. We test the narrow conduction of the penis, the blood flows into the penis and Doppler study of the penis. This is a machine for diagnosing erection problems. We deal with infertility problems, particularly specializing in male infertility problems. The computed semen analysis machines when automatically we do an exhaust to do semen study of the sample. We do with a valid report. Suppose somebody is not able to produce a sample of semen for whatever reason, they are having an artificial insemination done and are not able to give semen for examination, we use a machine called asterbater. This is helpful in people who are in treatment for infertility and for people who wanted to get a treatment for ejaculation problem.

You can contact me over lybrate or you can visit my private clinic at Hyderabad.
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Know More About Depressive Disorders
I am Dr. Keerti Sachdeva. I am a psychologist counsellor. I have done PhD in psychology. In my clinic, Positive Vibrations, there is psychological counseling, testing and therapy that takes place. Today I am going to talk about depressive disorders or commonly known as depression.

What is these depressive disorder? Depressive disorder is a psychological disorder which comes under neurotic category and the symptoms are that person feels rejected, that person has got feeling of suicide, person feels lonely, worthless, hopeless and has got sleep problems, eating problems and have got no focus for concentration in work.

Now what are the types of depressive disorders? There are three types-

Diathermic depression
Clinical depression
Bipolar disorder.
Now, bipolar disorder is found more commonly with ladies and adolescence.

Now let us talk about the second type, which is the diathermic depression. It is a long rooted depression which may be present in a person for a long time and person may not come to know about it unless and until the person goes to a professional. It can also be treated with medicines and counseling as well as the other disorders which can also be very beautifully treated with medicine and counseling.

The third type which is most commonly found in ladies and adolescence is also called as clinical depression. Now clinical depression has also got the same symptoms as we discussed in the beginning. The symptoms are that first person feels low, depressed, lonely, dejected and has got sleep problems and eating problems. Person may also have suicidal tendencies and this can also be dealed nicely by taking counseling and with the help of psychiatric medicine.

Now how can depression be dealed and in what way people should you know take care about it? They should first in fact seek the help of a psychologist who will take the first hand diagnosis. If that depression is beyond borderline cases, then the first psychologists will ask you to take help from a psychiatrist, who will give medicine and alongside counseling will also happen. Now this counseling can be taken by a professional counselor who actually should be a psychologist by profession. Meaning that person must have taken a higher degree in the field of psychology who is a professional in the field of mind and behavior.

Now what a counselor do? The person has got in depth knowledge about what are the various therapies used in dealing with various kinds of disorders. When we talk about depressive disorders, the most important therapy, which is used is cognitive and behavioral therapy. Sometimes people also use rational emotive therapy which people may not know about but cognitive therapy actually talks about dealing with your intellectual side and in what way you can change your thought process, perception, observation, analysis and in what way you can implement these changes in your behavior. Even reducing your emotions which is a rational emotive side of the therapy works very well with people when it comes to depressive disorders and they can actually have become perfectly all right when they take counseling and medicine both put together.

For more information you can contact me through lybrate come. Thank you.
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Psychiatric Disorders
Know more about Psychiatric disorders
Know more about Psychiatric disorders

I am doctor Paresh Trivedi, I am a consultant psychiatrist and sex therapist. 21st Century is actually the Century for psychiatric disorders. Depression, anxiety, insomnia, psycho sexual problems and other psycho somatic disorders constitute the main chunk of the disorders that we commonly see in our clinical practices.


Udasinta, Nairashya, anxiety yaani ki bechain ho janey ki bimari, yeh sab bimariya plus psycho sexual bimariya jin mein sharirik problem hotey hai lekin mann se unka rishta hotey hai iss type ki bimariya, yeh sab bimariyo ki treatment hum karte hai. Main 21 saal se iss field mein hu aur main treatment kar raha hu iss bimariyo ki. Koi bhi vyasan ho uski bhi treatment hoti hai, vyasan chhurane ki provided that apka ghar ke family member yah koi jaankari ka friend, rishtedaar, koi bhi unki taiyari honi chahiye. Humare yaha psychologists bhi aatey hai, counselors bhi aatey hai aur hum poori testing wagera karte hai, patients ke sessions lete hai. Aur specialized sessions bhi jab jab koi koi bimari ke liye lagte hai who bhi lete hai.

Hamarey yahan EEG testing hota hai, jis mein brain ka mapping hota hai, jaise ki cardiogram hota hai. Aur psychological testing bhi hota hai, jaise ki buddhi matta ki jaanch. Bimariyo ki supporting test hoti hai kuch kuch, who jaanch. Toh yeh saarey problems ke barey mein mere clinic mein testing hoti hai.

Aur adhik jaankari ke liye aap mujhe sampark kar sakte hai Lybrate.com pe. Thank You.
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Importance of Psychology
When and Why Is Psychology Good For Us?
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