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Overview

Psychological Disorders - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Psychological Disorders?

To understand about psychological disorders, we must first know what a psychological disorder is. A psychological disorder or more commonly known as a mental disorder is defined as the behavioural symptoms of an individual which are considered maladaptive and hamper the day-to-day functioning of the concerned individual’s life. According to DSM-5, the latest edition of the American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic manual, personal distress alone is not sufficient for a disorder to be psychological; it should also be coupled with causing damage to multiple spheres of life such as social, personal and/or professional.

Causes of Psychological Disorders.

Psychological disorders such as - clinical depression, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder and dementia – are not caused by one single factor alone. They are a complex mix of both genetic factors and environmental dynamics. The causes that lead to the inception of a mental disorder are called risk factors and are highly case specific – they depend from person-to-person and cannot be generalised per se. However the following list of risk factors has been identified which lead to the development of psychological disorders.

  • The personal or biological risk factors include – pathogens, genetics, injuries (any major injury which leads to impairment of physical or mental activity by the individual), substance abuse (such as drugs or alcohol), complications during gestation or birth and cognitive style (the way in which an individual processes information)
  • Environmental factors comprise of – traumatic life events (such as the death of a loved one, divorce), exposure to certain toxins, poor nutrition, abuse (physical, emotional and/or sexual), neglect during childhood, poverty and war.

What is the symptoms of Psychological Disorders?

Just as it is difficult to pinpoint particular causes that lead to the advancement of psychological disorders, it is equally problematic to isolate symptoms for a said mental disorder on a generic basis as symptoms may vary from person-to-person and from the nature of the said disorder. However the following list of symptoms has been compiled to recognise the symptoms of any given psychological disorder.

  • Intense mood swings
  • Erratic thinking.
  • Exaggerated or deflated sense of self-worth.
  • Problems in personal relationships .
  • Hallucinations (the belief of seeing or hearing things/people that aren’t really there).
  • Drug or alcohol abuse (it is both a cause as well as a symptom).
  • Bouts of depression.
  • Thoughts of harming themselves or others .
  • Irregular sleeping patterns – either sleeping too much or too little .

Treatment of Psychological Disorders.

Some medical experts advocate that use of medication such as anti-depressants which are essentially bio-chemical in nature. While some argue that psychotherapy alone should suffice. However there is emerging growing consensus that the use of both kinds of treatments can effectively deal with the problem of psychological disorders.

  • Medication helps by increasing the levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin (responsible for maintaining mood balance) which can alleviate the depressive mood of an individual. However the drawback to using medication is that its beneficial effects stop when the individual stops taking the prescribed dose of that medicine. Several problems can also arise if patients overdose on their medicine.
  • Therefore psychotherapy such as cognitive, interpersonal and behavioural therapy is seen as a more permanent solution to the problem. One of the reasons why psychotherapy is of more use when compared to medication is because psychotherapy deals with the 'root cause” of the problem.
  • Although psychotherapy is not related to biology, research studies have shown that it leads to positive biochemical changes in the body of an individual in the same manner as medication does. Therefore the use of medication and psychotherapy seems to be the ideal way to deal with a psychological disorder.
  • Other treatment measures include aerobic exercises, penning down emotional thoughts in a journal, keeping a gratitude notebook to feel thankful, performing random acts of kindness, spending time with nature, engaging in activities that are enjoyable and providing the injured with suitable work and psychosocial rehabilitation to make the injured feel understood and accepted.

Prevention to avoid Psychological Disorders.

Preventing mental disorders early in life can prove to be highly beneficial not just to the individual but also to the community. Boosting your self-esteem and controlling your stress can go a long way in helping you. Paying close attention to warning signs by contacting your therapist, friends or family in case you notice your behaviour changing can be of immense help. Taking proper care of yourself –sleeping well, intake of proper nutrition, maintaining personal relationships and engaging in regular physical activities has been shown to prevent disorders as well.

Withdrawal symptoms of Psychological Disorders.

Withdrawal symptoms caused by the treatment are case-specific dependent upon the nature of the mental disorder and the characteristics of the individual. However withdrawal symptoms are mainly seen when the disorder is treated with medication as medicinal drugs artificially increase levels of dopamine and serotonin. As a result, it can be extremely difficult for the individual when the brain has to naturally produce appropriate levels of these neurotransmitters. This is the main reason why psychotherapy is seen as a long-term solution since the withdrawal symptoms related to it are little. When it comes to mental disorders and withdrawal symptoms, medical experts believe that clinging onto the hope that things will become better is essential and a game-changer. After-all, it’s all psychological.

Popular Health Tips

Psychological Disorders

Post Graduate Diploma in Pyschology
Psychologist, Noida
Play video

Hi, I am Atika. I am a counselling psychologist and I have been practising from last 11 years. I have seen very dangerous mental issues ranging from relationships, marital issues, work stress, parent child, low confidence, too much mental illness and suicide. Today I am going to talk about "Investing in oneself emotionally". As I feel that a lot of our problems arise because we do not look after our emotions like anger, stress and then it all leads to breakdown. We all invest in our career, our ambitions, our standard of living, even in our physical health. Somehow we do not pay attention to our mental health whereas the overall well being depends on the physical as well as the emotional health.

As we grow from our infant to our adulthood, we are taught to take care of our physical health like how to dress, how to eat, how to take care of our physical needs. But somehow, we are not taught that how to take care of our emotional health like that of love, appreciation, acceptance, acknowledgement, companionship.

What happens when these emotional needs are not met?

It will gradually develop into frustration, anger, stress, and eventually a breakdown. 

So how do we take care of our emotional needs?

  • First of all, it is very important to become aware of them. What is the emotional need? To feel acceptance? To feel loved? To feel appreciated? This is required to be identified.
  • Second is to acknowledge them, that yes these exist, these needs exist through our life.
  • Third is to accept them, to embrace them
  • Fourth is to deal with them, to cope with them in a healthy manner.

How can u do all these?

It is important to seek for a counselling. We go to a psychologist or a counsellor who can provide unbiased, safe environment where one can share their deepest fear. Talk about the fear which they are going through, without the fear of being judged. And gradually through the counselling process, we get to know that what drives us, what motivates us, what are our emotional needs and how we fulfill them in a healthy manner.

People who take care of their physical well being, mental well being and emotional well being, are more productive and more fulfilling life. They have better relationships, they are more productive, they are good at work and they are happier individuals.

If you want to know more about emotional needs or more interesting topics or psychological needs, you can contact me through Lybrate or breakingbarriers.co.in.

My clinic is in Sec- 28, Noida. You can come and visit me there for an appointment.

Thank you.

 

 

3915 people found this helpful

Cupping Therapy in psychological disorders

MD (U), Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Unani Specialist, Delhi
Cupping Therapy in psychological disorders

Cupping Therapy in Psychological disorders

Cupping can be very relaxing to the body and the mind. Cupping is usually performed in a very relaxing and calm atmosphere. The therapist is very gentle with what they do, and the strokes that they make with the cup are very similar to most massage therapies. Cupping therapies are very relaxing. It is often used to treat anxiety, chronic pain and insomnia. By relaxing the body, it can help relax the mind, triggering a positive hormonal response, which can greatly affects a person’s mood.

Know More About Psychological Tests!

PhD - Psychology, LLB, DM - Child And Adolescent Psychiatry
Psychologist, Chennai
Know More About Psychological Tests!

Psychological assessment — also known as psychological testing — is done to help a psychologist better understand an individual and provide valuable insights into the individual’s behavior, skills, thoughts and personality. Psychological testing commonly includes intelligence testing, personality testing, and skills testing, among other areas.

Psychological assessment is never focused on a single test score or number. Every person has a range of competencies that can be evaluated through a number of methods. A psychologist is there to evaluate the competencies as well as the limitations of the person, and report on them in an objective but helpful manner. A psychological assessment report will not only note weaknesses found in testing, but also the individual’s strengths.

It has often ben said that 'you are what you think'. It is the human mind which enabled the entire race to dominate over the planet over millions of other species. How can this very complex instrument is so difficult to understand? The human mind is capable of extreme highs and lows in terms of every aspect such as emotions, achievement, empathy anger and so forth. One field of study is Psychology which does help us in its understanding. 

What are psychological tests?

Psychological tests are a method to gauge various parameters of an individual’s mind and how it works. There are not one but multiple psychological tests which help with determining various aspects of a person’s mental functioning and capabilities among others. Like medical tests such as X-rays and various types of blood reports help us get a better picture of the condition of your body, similarly, psychological testing helps us a get a better view of a person’s thinking and if at all there are any problems with it. Just a few examples of psychological testing are as follows – 

  1. Aptitude testing in children to check for learning disabilities 
  2. Testing for skills such as dexterity or flexibility, and reaction time to look for brain damage or dementia
  3. Memory tests to look for psychological disorders as well as dementia
  4. Testing for anxiety related disorders especially in social conditions, both in children and adults

How are these helpful?
More than pinpointing psychological disorders, these tests are meant to help an individual point out problems and then start on a treatment or therapy to overcome the problems. These tests can help a person in many ways such as – 

  1. Identifying problems early on when they are mild, thus making treatment more effective
  2. Help them further in studies or their career where certain conditions or problems were becoming an impediment
  3. Provide methods to tackle a phobia
  4. Sometimes, psychological testing is very helpful in diagnosing serious mental issues such as depression which may force many to take their own lives; thus preventing it
  5. Helping to combat physiological problems in cases where no pathological causes are found. In many cases, stress and anxiety lead to other disorders like diabetes, hypertension, gastrointestinal troubles and others. Once the psychological side is treated after correct diagnosis, the physical problems also tend to dissipate.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4177 people found this helpful

Psychological Testing & Treatment Of Mental Disorders Without Medicines

Ph.D - Psychology, M.Phil - Psychology
Psychologist, Mathura
Psychological Testing & Treatment Of Mental Disorders Without Medicines

Psychological Testing & Treatment Of Mental Disorders Without Medicines

2 people found this helpful

How are Psychological tests helpful?

Masters in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Pune
How are Psychological tests helpful?

Psychological assessment — also known as psychological testing — is done to help a psychologist better understand an individual and provide valuable insights into the individual’s behavior, skills, thoughts and personality. Psychological testing commonly includes intelligence testing, personality testing, and skills testing, among other areas.

Psychological assessment is never focused on a single test score or number. Every person has a range of competencies that can be evaluated through a number of methods. A psychologist is there to evaluate the competencies as well as the limitations of the person, and report on them in an objective but helpful manner. A psychological assessment report will not only note weaknesses found in testing, but also the individual’s strengths.

It has often ben said that 'you are what you think'. It is the human mind which enabled the entire race to dominate over the planet over millions of other species. How can this very complex instrument is so difficult to understand? The human mind is capable of extreme highs and lows in terms of every aspect such as emotions, achievement, empathy anger and so forth. One field of study is Psychology which does help us in its understanding. 

What are psychological tests?

Psychological tests are a method to gauge various parameters of an individual’s mind and how it works. There are not one but multiple psychological tests which help with determining various aspects of a person’s mental functioning and capabilities among others. Like medical tests such as X-rays and various types of blood reports help us get a better picture of the condition of your body, similarly, psychological testing helps us a get a better view of a person’s thinking and if at all there are any problems with it. Just a few examples of psychological testing are as follows – 

  1. Aptitude testing in children to check for learning disabilities 
  2. Testing for skills such as dexterity or flexibility, and reaction time to look for brain damage or dementia
  3. Memory tests to look for psychological disorders as well as dementia
  4. Testing for anxiety related disorders especially in social conditions, both in children and adults

How are these helpful?
More than pinpointing psychological disorders, these tests are meant to help an individual point out problems and then start on a treatment or therapy to overcome the problems. These tests can help a person in many ways such as – 

  1. Identifying problems early on when they are mild, thus making treatment more effective
  2. Help them further in studies or their career where certain conditions or problems were becoming an impediment
  3. Provide methods to tackle a phobia
  4. Sometimes, psychological testing is very helpful in diagnosing serious mental issues such as depression which may force many to take their own lives; thus preventing it
  5. Helping to combat physiological problems in cases where no pathological causes are found. In many cases, stress and anxiety lead to other disorders like diabetes, hypertension, gastrointestinal troubles and others. Once the psychological side is treated after correct diagnosis, the physical problems also tend to dissipate. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.
4463 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My husband is an othello syndrome person. Have any treatment for this? By taking treatment will it be cure or not? please suggest your ans.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate-user. Thanks for the question. Pathological jealousy, also known as Morbid jealousy, Othello syndrome or delusional jealousy, is a psychological disorder in which a person is preoccupied with the thought that their spouse or sexual partner is being unfaithful without having any real proof, along with socially unacceptable or abnormal behaviour. Treatment success was notable for patients with dopamine agonist induced Othello's syndrome in which all six patients had improvement in symptoms following decrease in medication. Wikipedia has a decent entry on morbid jealousy. Take care.

Person with psychiatric medicines can get fitness certificate for job before completion of whole course because it takes years to complete the whole course.

BHMS
Homeopath, Hooghly
If all the symptoms and behavior,, perception is normal then there is chance of getting fitness certificate

Hello sir/madam. Good afternoon. My age is 23 year old. My internet is higher than housewife comprise to girl. Please suggest me about my thought.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Sex thoughts, Sex addiction, masturbation addiction, porn films addiction etc comes under behavior addiction. Behavioral addiction is a form of addiction that involves a compulsion to engage in a rewarding non-drug-related behavior – sometimes called a natural reward – despite any negative consequences to the person's physical, mental, social or financial well-being. Behavior addiction needs to be curbed or controlled using your own self will power. Diverting your mind and body away from the circumstances which compels you for the addictive habit, with the help of physical exercises, games, entertainment etc can help you. Never sleep alone. Be always with your family even at night etc are some other tips. Willpower is the key always. Behavioral therapy also works well. Take care.

I am 27 and I have been suffering from this problem from last 7 months. When I am taking anything in my hand like cream or powder anything that is under my hand appears double. When I talk to someone some other person going from behind that person or from side to that person appears double. When I am putting paste on my brush tiles are double. When I am washing hands and taking bath tiles appears double. While using phone and walking my legs appears four. When I am seeing my naval my legs are four and when I see my legs my naval is two. If there is any spot in the mirror it is double when I try to make that spot single my face is double. While eating bathing brushing teaching one or the other thing will be double. All eye tests done MRI dome but there is no issue in it. Big big towers, aeroplanes appears double if there is any obstacle in the middle. Pls help me out. What treatment can be done to get rid of it. This problem goes off when I close one eye.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. You are YOU. Whatever your behavior today, whatever your body language today are learned from your past experiences and social interactions. Whatever you have learned can be unlearned or over written. This is a continuous process happening throughout your life. I suggest cognitive behavior therapy for you. Take care.

I would like to ask a psychiatrist regarding adolescent problems. My daughter who is in 10th std is least motivated to study. She does not take up studies seriously even though her board exams are 10 days ahead. Her capacity gets over soon. She is addicted to mobile.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Hyderabad
Please get your child evaluated visiting a Psychiatrist, such problems are not uncommon now a days. The child and her parents need counselling. It may be necessary that your child's Intelligence level needs to be assessed also.

Table of Content

What is Psychological Disorders?
Causes of Psychological Disorders.
What is the symptoms of Psychological Disorders?
Treatment of Psychological Disorders.
Prevention to avoid Psychological Disorders.
Withdrawal symptoms of Psychological Disorders.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice