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Mental Disorders - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Mental Disorders?

The term “mental disorder” can cover anything from PTSD, to anxiety disorder; and given the sheer number of cases being reported from all over the world, it is to be expected that the current figures of 450 million individuals diagnosed with various mental disorders worldwide will double by the next decade. The mental disorders is not a new subject and had been studied to an extent by the ancient Greeks but not much is yet known about why some are more susceptible to the same while others do not.

It is assumed that genetics and family history does play a pivotal role in the sense that you are more at risk of developing mental disorders if you have a family history that features the same rather prominently. More and more mental disorders are being studied in depth and while treatment methodology can differ depending on the type of mental disorder that you are currently suffering from, therapy and counseling form a pivotal part of any treatment process. However, many patients continue to suffer from the various mental disorders despite the fact that it is a manageable condition provided treatment is given in time, on account of the stigma associated with the same.

Causes of Mental Disorders.

As indicated earlier, not much detailed research was done on this topic until a few decades back and it is assumed that most patients start displaying some of the symptoms associated with these mental disorders due to changes in their brain chemistry. It is further thought that these changes can take place due to various reasons, from environmental factors or even facing a sudden trauma like a head injury which can lead to the change in brain chemistry.

Apart from environmental and biological factors, a patient can also develop mental disorders on account of genetic predisposition to develop the same. More often than not, a detailed study of their family history would indicate that several other family members suffered from the same disorder. This is why it is essential that you consult a doctor right away on spotting some of the symptoms listed below, as most, if not all the mental disorders are treatable and you can manage your condition with the right medication and lead a normal life again.

What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders?

Some of the symptoms associated with mental disorders are listed below. Please consult a health professional right away if some of these symptoms listed below sound too familiar:

  • Sudden, unexplainable mood swings
  • Behavioral changes
  • Paranoia, thinks everyone is out to get them
  • Remains withdrawn from close family members, relatives
  • Remains listless, fatigued all the time
  • Starts abusing alcohol
  • Starts abusing other controlled substances
  • Shows or starts displaying violence towards others around them
  • Inability to cope with anything stressful
  • High levels of stress
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Feeling suicidal

Treatment of Mental Disorders.

Given the various mental disorders, it is but natural for the treatment methodologies to differ as well. Your doctor would first assess your condition and then talk to your family and friends to help confirm the same; he would then test you further before diagnosing your current condition and the associated mental disorder. He would then prescribe psychoactive medication to help treat any imbalance in the brain chemistry, as well as mood altering drugs, which are supposed to help you combat depression.

Apart from this, you would be asked to attend counseling and psychological therapy for the duration of your treatment. You may be required to take medication for prolonged periods depending on the severity of your condition so that you can manage your condition better and continue to lead a normal life. And you may be required to report in for periodic counseling sessions to ensure that there is no relapse on your part.

Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders.

Mental disorders are being studied in-depth only now and so far, there is no known way to prevent a person from developing the same. Most therapists hold the view that an active social life, social interactions with others can actually help foster a healthy environment which should prevent anyone from developing mental disorders. Apart from this, eating healthy, and practicing a good workout should ensure that your brain chemistry is well balanced and a good workout should result in more dopamine being released by your brain, which should make you feel good about yourself.

Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.

There are no withdrawal symptoms associated with the disorder itself, however, if you should continue to stop taking the prescribed medication, this can cause you to experience some of the withdrawal symptoms listed below and may even cause you to relapse as well.

  • Dry or cottonmouth
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Displaying extreme range of emotions, moods
  • Becoming violent

Popular Health Tips

Panic Disorder - How Can It Affect You?

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Panic Disorder - How Can It Affect You?

Panic disorder or panic attacks are common among people. We have come across this term many times before in our lives. So this article will deal with panic attacks and more about them.

What is panic disorder?
A panic attack is a sudden intense wave of extreme fear or anxiety which comes unexpectedly without any prior warning. There may not be any definite reason for the attack. It can also arrive when you are sleeping. The panic episodes usually stop after one but some people experience continuous episodes as well. Panic attacks are very dangerous to experience and it gives you a feeling of losing control or having a heart attack. A person who experiences panic attacks more often is said to have panic disorders.

Symptoms of panic disorder:
There are many important and identifiable symptoms related to Panic attacks and disorders. Let us have a look-

  • Feeling or a sense of great danger and panic will arrive all of a sudden. The person may feel that he or she is dying.
  • Critical fear of loss in control or even a feeling of death or heart attack.
  • Individuals facing a panic attack may tremble or become shaky and will sweat a lot. It will become hard for them to walk. Palpitations are very common symptoms of these.
  • It becomes hard to breathe and you will feel a sense of choking in the neck.
  • Chest pain, severe headache, feeling of nausea will follow the panic attacks or many people can even experience them beforehand.

Causes for panic disorder:

There is no particular or an absolutely certain cause for a panic disorder. But there are some common ones which we will talk about.

  • Panic disorder can be inherited genetically from the parents. If anyone of the parents has the tendency to panic disorders, then the child may also get the disorder.
  • Major stress in someone's life can result in a panic disorder. The mind needs to be fresh and active in a peaceful state as well. So when it gets too much stressed with something, panic attacks arrive.
  • Sometimes, panic attacks can even occur when there is a medical disorder in your brain.
  • Hypoglycemia or the condition of low blood sugar can also result in a panic attack in many individuals.
  • Many people experience panic attacks because of the overuse of stimulants like drugs, caffeine etc.

Some quick tips 
Panic attacks are sudden and unexpected. But there are a few things which you can do to prevent yourself from facing such a disorder.

  • Avoid smoking & drinking
  • Educate yourself on how to deal with stress 
  • Learn to control your breath will also feel you in such situations.
  • Try to learn relaxation techniques that will help you to relax at the time of a panic attack.

If no improvement with these tips meet a psychiatrist. He can provide treatment in form of either psychotherapy (counseling) or medicines (which are safe and effective). In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2747 people found this helpful

Internet & Phone Addiction - Can It Be A Sign Of A Medical Condition?

Psychiatrist, Ranchi
Internet & Phone Addiction - Can It Be A Sign Of A Medical Condition?

"Get off the mobile and go outside," are these words being heard more commonly nowadays, than at any other point in time in life? The answer could be frighteningly real as humanity has just stepped in one of the newest forms of a psychiatric disorder. What's worse is that the medical world is divided whether if this should be considered as a disease and separate field to be dedicated to it or simply pass it off as a generation growth that the future has to embrace.

Let us look a little deeper about the disorder and the serious nature that it indicates.

What is internet & phone addiction?
Only recently did Internet addition and phone addition become part of the diagnostic and statistical manual of the mental disorder - Meaning that internet addiction is now effectively considered a psychiatric disorder and there are chances of identifying and treating it using medically approved means. As the name suggests, internet addiction and phone addiction means that the person is using his creative and designated time on the medium when he is no longer required to. Simply put it becomes an obsessive habit on the part of the person to look into the phone and use the internet as a routine activity. Long-term addiction can lead to many psychological factors such as withdrawal symptoms, depression, and general loss of awareness about the surroundings. For most people, the syndrome can be an underlying factor of an even more severe health condition that the person is trying to mask by whiling away his time with the internet and the mobile. Across the people who get affected by it, the common traits are the internet gaming and social media.

The addiction in today’s world:
The velocity of the disorder is yet to take on the world. As of now only two countries- South Korea and China have identified the disorder as a disease and treatments are administered. Europe and United States have just categorized it as a disorder and research is being done on it. The general treatment plan that exists now aims to understand the patient first. The psychiatric treatment tries to successfully make a minor bridge between the user and his addiction. From practicing different time of using the internet to suggesting new schedules and goals, the person can be slowly be eased backed into the society. The purpose of the psychiatric treatment is not to block the internet/ mobile usage completely but to limit them. A person is educated to get his satisfaction in other forms like relations ships, outdoor activities than to depend on the internet. Apart from it some depression reducing drugs can also be had at the insistence of the psychiatrist.

Medical Possibilities
Professors argue that Internet addiction and mobile addiction is not exactly a disease. It simply determines an underlying medical condition of a person that needs more treatment. Though still in its early stages the medical world has made it clear that its contribution towards these mental addictions would increase by massive miles within the turn of the decade. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!


2663 people found this helpful

Psychiatric Issues - Understanding The Stigma Around It!

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DPM Psychological Medicine
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Psychiatric Issues - Understanding The Stigma Around It!

We have heard people talk about diabetes, heart disease, and high cholesterol with no guilt or embarrassment. This is despite the fact that these are lifestyle-induced and could have easily been prolonged or prevented with some lifestyle modifications. However, we do not hear people talk about depression or anxiety disorder or any other mental disorder with such candidness. For example, depression is extremely common, with greater number of younger people taking to subscription medications for the condition. However, it is not yet acceptable to say that they are taking medications or are undergoing counseling to overcome depression.

Stigma is when you are looked at differently because you have a particular trait or a feature. This is a strongly ingrained characteristic, where we are used to making fun about people who are physically different – could be fat, thin, tall, stout, dark, different hair, etc. The list can be too long.

Features of stigma
When a person with mental illness is ignored, the stigma triggers off the following reactions.

  1. When someone is stigmatized because of their mental illness, gradually, the person feels abandoned and withdraws into a shell. The miserable feeling of being abandoned by family and friends increases loneliness, which only makes it worse.
  2. The abandonment makes them reluctant to seek training. Instead, being supportive would have helped.
  3. The stigma is spread across layers of society, and reduces work opportunities and other social activities.
  4. Inadequate coverage by health insurance, leading to refusal to seek treatment
  5. Physical or psychological abuse or bullying by friends

How to overcome this stigma

  1. Admit it: The first step is to acknowledge the problem. While it is not easy, once done, it solves half the problem. Admitting and seeking out help is best done as early as possible.
  2. Stigma should not originate from self: Yes, the others can, but let not the stigma be self-started. Do not isolate yourself from your circles, both family and friends. Stand up and admit the problem once or twice, and there would be a lot more support from people who genuinely care for you.
  3. Support groups: In this age of social media, there are multiple support groups. You can even be anonymous and talk your heart out. Speaking out your heart will go a long way. It also establishes that you are not alone who is suffering, and there are more out there.

While it is perfectly okay to talk to a nutritionist about how to handle the bodily changes, why not a psychiatrist for a quick chat about mental well-being? Think about it! In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5 Ways You Can Deal With Emotional Problems!

MA - Psychology, PhD Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
5 Ways You Can Deal With Emotional Problems!

A song. A poem. The smile on someone special’s face. Each interaction that we are a part of evokes an emotion. Emotions are the most powerful and sometimes the most painful forces in our lives. They are what inform our decisions, no matter how trivial. They dictate our actions and thoughts. Our emotional responses to different situations are what define us as individuals. 

Emotions tend to oscillate between volatile extremes of rage and euphoria. Steer too far to either extreme and you might be courting danger. Much like the other aspects of life, emotions should be handled with moderation and rational thought. Here are five methods by which you can control your emotions. 



  1. Take a moment: Losing your temper at the slightest provocation can be distressing to both yourself and those in your vicinity. If you react immediately, you are sure to do or say something that you will later regret. So, take a deep breath and control your impulse to lash out. Take your time to control your heart rate and bring it back to normal and loosen your muscles. When you feel calmer, you will find that an outburst would have been completely unnecessary.  
  2. Ask for help: We all have that one friend whom we seek out when we need to vent. There is no shame in asking for help. A friend who can give us a rational, unbiased perspective on things. Someone who wants the best for us and knows our worst impulses is often times the best person to seek advice from. If you feel overwhelmed, or don’t know how to react, ask for guidance. 
  3. Find an outlet: Having controlled your impulsive behavior, you need to find a way to express your feelings in a positive manner. Art thrives when infused with emotions. Painting, music are enriching pursuits that can help you achieve closure. Keeping a journal where you can pen your thoughts will broaden your awareness of your own emotions.  
  4. Look at the larger picture: You will become more cautious of your negative emotions when you realize that your words and actions have consequences for others. Your rage at a harmless joke amongst friends could cost you a meaningful relationship. Pause and contemplate the larger picture. Do not be hasty and thus disregard how your actions might affect your future. 
  5. Forgive and replace: Each one of us has a number of “triggers” that arouse extreme emotions in us. These triggers can be a person, our family or friends, or they be can be things and incidents. You must learn how to let the past be past. Forgive those who may have wronged and replace the negative thoughts that you associated with something. Do not let the recollection of a negative memory influence your behavior and actions. 

Emotional resilience is a big part of becoming an adult. Learn to manage and lessen your emotional responses so that you may live a much more productive and stress-free life. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4032 people found this helpful

Dissociation Disorder - Know More About This Disease!

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi

Dissociative disorder can be described as a mental disorder that involves experiences of disconnection and a lack of continuity between the thoughts and memories of a person including a lack of awareness of the surroundings, actions and even identity. People who are suffering from dissociative disorder generally escape reality in such an extreme way that they lose focus of what is happening around them which causes involuntary and unhealthy actions that may hamper the normal way of life.

Studies have found that dissociative disorder is a result of a trauma that the person may have encountered prior to the symptoms and tries to keep the difficult memories related to that incident away from their mind. Symptoms of dissociative disorder range from amnesia to even alternate identities depending heavily on the type of dissociative disorder that the person is suffering from. Research has shown that stress is a major factor in inducing the disorder. Stress worsens the symptoms and makes the disorder obvious.

There are a number of treatments for dissociative disorder. It ranges from talk therapy or psychotherapy to medications. However, it must be noted that treating dissociative disorder is difficult and research and studies have tried to learn new and approved ways to cope with it to lead a healthy, productive life on a daily basis.

Causes of dissociative disorder

To know more about dissociative disorder let's learn about the causes of the disorder. Medical research over the years has been able to delve deep into the causes associated with dissociative disorder. The results have concluded that dissociative disorder develops in an individual as a way to cope with a major trauma that he/she may have experienced in their life. The disorder is often seen to develop in a child who has been subjected to years and years of physical abuse along with sexual and emotional abuse. In many cases, a toxic home environment is responsible for the above said abuses also results in a dissociative disorder. Moreover, the stress of war on a soldier or the effects of a natural disaster on an individual can also induce dissociative disorder.


Childhood is an important time for the development of personality. Children are more prone to emotions than a grown-up. So even if the abuse is happening on someone else, a child will pick up on it and develop their personality around it. A child may learn to dissociate in order to cope with the traumatic situation. And as a result, he employs that same dissociation in the latter part of their life to endure any traumatic situation or anything that triggers similar memories.

It is always advised to take help from a professional if the situation gets out of control. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4053 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am a self harmer and today was the deepest laceration I've ever done. I cut through to the fat layer and the blood had an oily film floating on top. I'm just a little concerned, I've never seen blood like it.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Depressive disorder or depression is a neuro chemical disorder. Suicidal tendency is one main symptom of depression. You must be able to distinguish between mental disease and mental disorder. Your problem is a mental disorder. Not a mental disease. These mental disorders are usually treated with a combination of medicines and other means like awareness, meditation, Psychotherapy techniques, life style changes etc. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

I am upper lower middle class family girl. In my early teenage my father used to abuse me for every silly mistake. Those days I used to console myself and used to escape from that mental stress, by dreaming about a good family husband who is very caring. But now problem is I am cultivated the habit of that. My mind keeps on day dreaming. It's so weird that I can't sit in meeting. As a software developer I will be having meeting every single day. I am not able to focus on anything. Learning capacity has decreased. Every time my mind thinks of having a nice family husband and a child. Also my brain has thought of my children marriage. What weird habit of my brain I don't know. I don't want to take any medication nor even consult any psychiatrist. Please help me out of this.

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Your experience suggests that you may be suffering because of "Obsessive imagery" that can be because of "Obsessive Compulsive Disorder" Obsessions make it difficult to pay attention to the task at hand. This is an easily treatable condition usually, but would definitely require meeting a "Psychiatrist" Your apprehension about taking a Psychiatric consultation is reflecting the usual societal perception, but there is a potential for alleviation of your personal suffering that you are otherwise missing. The society at large is not going to spare you for your reduced work efficiency because of symptoms, even if you follow the popular perception. Most of the first line medicines used for treatment of OCD are well tolerated by majority of patients and there is no potential for 'addiction' or 'sleepiness' in contrast to the widespread belief. There are treatment options without use of medications also. The ultimate choice remains yours.
2 people found this helpful

My mother gets auditory hallucinations in the night. She complains of listening to voices & suspects that my neighbors are talking to my father on phone (which is not true as only she hears those voices & no one else do no). She is kind of insecure & when I have consulted doctors, they said she is suffering with Paranoia & need to be medically treated. But she never accepts that they are not real but auditory hallucinations. When I took her to the doctor, he explained her situation with an example but even then she is not ready to accept her medical condition & she is not taking medicines. We tried convincing in many ways, but no use. This issue is becoming serious & we have no idea, how deal with this. Kindly suggest something.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
You can ask the doctor to prescribe a medicine which can be surreptitiously slipped into her diet or drink and this can make her amenable to therapy or medication over a period of time. Since she is willing to meet the doctor you can definitely take her to a counselor who will use talk therapy to deal with the issues without her knowing that there is a label to her condition. This access to therapy is a very important tool to explore but you should warn the counselor that she is already denying that there is a problem. A smart therapist will work with her belief and through alignment with a fallacy, it is possible to get her around gradually to accept that her perceptions are just hallucinations. This can be done.
1 person found this helpful

I feel I've not been mentally well for the last 6 years. Since last 1.5 years or so, I think I'm under depression. Reading some online material, I feel I have NPD or BPD. Should I consult a psychologist or psychiatrist?

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Ideal to consult a psychiatrist for detailed assessment and diagnosing if it is bipolar depression or unipolar. Based on the diagnosis treatment can be initiated according to protocol and if needed CBT can be added. All the best.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Mental Disorders?
Causes of Mental Disorders.
What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders?
Treatment of Mental Disorders.
Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders.
Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.
Play video
Procrastination And Indecisiveness
There are many factors that can cause people to procrastinate and one critical one among them is being indecisive in your decision making. Although it is important to think thoroughly and make informed decision, but if too much time is spent wastefully on that, it can also cause you to procrastinate and delay you further in achieving your goals or targets that are being set.
Play video
Mental Disorder

My name is Dr. Ambrish Dharmadhikari. I am a psychiatrist I practice at Goregoan Mumbai.

Today I am going to talk about stigma about mental disorder. Mental health disorder is one of common disorder we find in our society. World Health Organization predicts that mental health disorder will be most common disorders to cause mobility by 2020. So still that mental health disorder being such a common phenomenon is full of stigma about people suffering from mental health disorder. We consider them as paggle in Marathi Veda and label them provision are called as a schizophrenic depressed. These terms hurt them and let them not seek the treatment, these people are confined to their rooms at times they are chained. This inhuman treatment makes them less productive and would restrict to partake part in society. I think you and me share this collective responsibility to share this stigma and come out and talk about more and more mental health in mental health so today on this platform lybrate I would like to urge you to talk about mental health illness talk about anything you know anything you want, talk, help anyone if you know if anyone needs help bring to mental health profession they will help so lets take a place today that together we are going to help a person who is suffering from mental health to recover and come back to society and do his best for our society.

Thank you. For further information or any help, you can contact me on lybrate.
Play video
How To Deal With Mental Health?
Hello friends,

My name is Dr. Prabhjit Singh and I am a psychologist. As soon as say the word psychologist a lot of you must be thinking that I am a doctor who deals with mental patients. But I am not a doctor who deals with mental patients but I deal with mental health. And I know as Indian scenario as soon as we talk about mental health the first word that comes to our mind is mental and we don't deal with mental things. See it is ok if you are suffering from some mental issues like for example if you are suffering from stomach ache for 2 days we visit a physician and we take the medicine then why not if you are suffering from mental health issue why do hesitate to visit a psychologist?

There is an upcoming term which we use very often which is called depression. Nowadays we all use this word from two days I am into depression, from 3 days i am into depression. You might be and you might not be but how many of you have actually visited a psychologist to get your self-assessed properly, none i guess. Same is the case with child mental health. We are ready to spend 500 rupees on our children when we go to a movie theatre, we buy a movie ticket, we buy them popcorn, we buy them cold drinks but how many of us are ready to spend 500 or 1000 rupees for if our child is facing mental health issue and we think we should take him to the psychologist.

I think none because I don't know why we hesitate in such situation maybe it's the society that we think that our children are having some psychiatric issues or mental or in Hindi pagal. I don't think if you are having a mental health issue then we should termed as mental. It is just like we are having some issue and mean to get it rectified so I urge everybody who is listening to this video if you think you have some mental health related issue you should not hesitate to visit a psychologist please do come forward, we are also doctors we are not psychiatric or as you say those people who deal with proper mental kind of a thing. We are there to help you. Please come forward, don't hesitate.

Thank you!
Play video
Hi everybody,

I am doctor Nabhit Kapoor. I am the founder and president of Peaceful Mind Foundation and Global Youth Mental Health Forum. Today's video I am going to speak about is the term psychologist and self diagnosis. Two things which are hampering our society and this profession a lot. And especially the professionals who are actually willing to work in this field. I have been coming across people who are claiming to be psychologist are behavioural science expert or mental health professionals and when we get in depth of these people they are either from engineering background, all teachers who have taught chemistry and Bio or somebody who has just a motivational speaker.

They start calling themselves a psychologist are mental health professionals which is a think quite illegal and because of this people are getting wrong direction into the field. Your experiences might count but the professionals who are actually working hard earning degrees and experience and expert is into this field. They are automatically ruled out because of these people who are having these self claimed experiences and because of these self claim experiences these people who are working actually into the field are not ready to come forward and help people in the right direction.

Another thing which we are facing these days are self diagnosis. tThe major cause of self diagnosis is we type a symptoms and we go on Google we get to know our problem as the word depression, stress, anxiety are so loosely used these days everybody is getting depressed and anxious having a stressful day in and day out. We should know the meaning of these professions. We should know the clear meaning of these terms because these terms are not to be very loosely used but what we are doing? So condition in the society today that we are not willing to go to a clear professional and secondly.

We are not able to understand the clear meaning of these terms. Let's take for an example depression which is a stability sadness of a person but the person calls it as a depression many more such things are coming in the mental health profession and mental health field which are not actually related to the psychology but people are actually using it on the name of psychology and because of this the field is getting the bad name and many such professionals who are self claimed ones are moving ahead and the real professionals are going at the back seat.

What I heard from you today is whenever you are feeling conflicted you feel sad you feel some where you are stuck please refer to a psychologist and an authentic psychologist go and have a clear background check of the person because the psychologist will actually deal with your psyche. Because when we are dealing directly with human beings we are directly dealing with their psyche and their minds and as and when we tune your brain. We tune your psyche the person will move towards that direction so I ask please go to the authentic psychologist do not refer to search x y z lemon who you know or who gives advises who give suggestions because they are not psychologist please respect this field and please respect the profession.

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Difference Between Mental Problem And Mental Illness
Difference between mental problem and mental illness.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice