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Mental Disorders - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Mental Disorders?

The term “mental disorder” can cover anything from PTSD, to anxiety disorder; and given the sheer number of cases being reported from all over the world, it is to be expected that the current figures of 450 million individuals diagnosed with various mental disorders worldwide will double by the next decade. The mental disorders is not a new subject and had been studied to an extent by the ancient Greeks but not much is yet known about why some are more susceptible to the same while others do not.

It is assumed that genetics and family history does play a pivotal role in the sense that you are more at risk of developing mental disorders if you have a family history that features the same rather prominently. More and more mental disorders are being studied in depth and while treatment methodology can differ depending on the type of mental disorder that you are currently suffering from, therapy and counseling form a pivotal part of any treatment process. However, many patients continue to suffer from the various mental disorders despite the fact that it is a manageable condition provided treatment is given in time, on account of the stigma associated with the same.

Causes of Mental Disorders.

As indicated earlier, not much detailed research was done on this topic until a few decades back and it is assumed that most patients start displaying some of the symptoms associated with these mental disorders due to changes in their brain chemistry. It is further thought that these changes can take place due to various reasons, from environmental factors or even facing a sudden trauma like a head injury which can lead to the change in brain chemistry.

Apart from environmental and biological factors, a patient can also develop mental disorders on account of genetic predisposition to develop the same. More often than not, a detailed study of their family history would indicate that several other family members suffered from the same disorder. This is why it is essential that you consult a doctor right away on spotting some of the symptoms listed below, as most, if not all the mental disorders are treatable and you can manage your condition with the right medication and lead a normal life again.

What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders?

Some of the symptoms associated with mental disorders are listed below. Please consult a health professional right away if some of these symptoms listed below sound too familiar:

  • Sudden, unexplainable mood swings
  • Behavioral changes
  • Paranoia, thinks everyone is out to get them
  • Remains withdrawn from close family members, relatives
  • Remains listless, fatigued all the time
  • Starts abusing alcohol
  • Starts abusing other controlled substances
  • Shows or starts displaying violence towards others around them
  • Inability to cope with anything stressful
  • High levels of stress
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Feeling suicidal

Treatment of Mental Disorders.

Given the various mental disorders, it is but natural for the treatment methodologies to differ as well. Your doctor would first assess your condition and then talk to your family and friends to help confirm the same; he would then test you further before diagnosing your current condition and the associated mental disorder. He would then prescribe psychoactive medication to help treat any imbalance in the brain chemistry, as well as mood altering drugs, which are supposed to help you combat depression.

Apart from this, you would be asked to attend counseling and psychological therapy for the duration of your treatment. You may be required to take medication for prolonged periods depending on the severity of your condition so that you can manage your condition better and continue to lead a normal life. And you may be required to report in for periodic counseling sessions to ensure that there is no relapse on your part.

Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders.

Mental disorders are being studied in-depth only now and so far, there is no known way to prevent a person from developing the same. Most therapists hold the view that an active social life, social interactions with others can actually help foster a healthy environment which should prevent anyone from developing mental disorders. Apart from this, eating healthy, and practicing a good workout should ensure that your brain chemistry is well balanced and a good workout should result in more dopamine being released by your brain, which should make you feel good about yourself.

Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.

There are no withdrawal symptoms associated with the disorder itself, however, if you should continue to stop taking the prescribed medication, this can cause you to experience some of the withdrawal symptoms listed below and may even cause you to relapse as well.

  • Dry or cottonmouth
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Displaying extreme range of emotions, moods
  • Becoming violent

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Counselling Therapy - Do You Think It Can Help You?

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
Counselling Therapy - Do You Think It Can Help You?

Therapy is an ideal way of freeing your mind over a talk session with a therapist. Through therapy, you can resolve painful feelings, change self-destructive behaviors and habits, improve your relationships, and a lot more.

Here are 10 reasons you should try therapy for a better health of mind :

  1. Therapy is for everybody: Therapy is not for crazy people with mental illness. It is good for anybody and everybody who wants to gain peace of mind.
  2. It is easier to talk to a stranger about some matters, than a friend: Only a stranger has the ability to recognize an irregularity in you, which your friends cannot. Therapists can dig into matters deeply and arrive at different conclusions.
  3. You get to learn more about yourself: During therapy, you talk about stuff and come to different realizations about things, which you never thought or cared about before and which allows you to discover a new side of yourself.
  4. You can get out of your comfort zone: Before going for therapy, you may feel awkward or strange to sit with a stranger and discuss personal matters. However, therapists are professionals and once you open up to them, you will be able to discuss everything with them comfortably.
  5. You feel supported: There are many issues in life, which seriously affect you, but no one pays heed to them. Your therapist listens and discusses everything you have in mind. Finally, you are heard.
  6. You develop better self-awareness: Therapy gives you a chance to stop for a moment and contemplate about certain areas of life, which you usually never cared about. What you never thought about might finally affect you, and you will try to improve on it.
  7. You feel better: You may have serious issues and might be feeling troubled. The therapist gives you suggestions and when you leave the clinic, you are bound to feel much lighter and calmer.
  8. You can focus on yourself: In the daily hustle bustle of life, you may be so occupied that you never get a chance to think about or focus on yourself. Weekly therapy gives you an hour, which is dedicated only to you to explore your feelings, thoughts and concerns about life.
  9. You may be pushing down yourself: Ignorance of serious issues causes a negative effect on your life and health, as well as in the lives of your dear ones. Therapy allows you to bring all these ignored issues to light and after recognizing them properly, you can improve upon them.
  10. Smart, successful people believe in therapy: Therapy is for strong people who have the courage to approach a stranger with their personal issues. Majority of smart and successful people recognize the benefit of therapy and undergo the same for their own benefit.

Therapy is  very effective and allows you to express yourself honestly and benefits you in many ways. While mental health concerns affect millions of people throughout the world, help is available. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Mental Disorder

DNB, Diploma In Psychological Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
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My name is Dr. Ambrish Dharmadhikari. I am a psychiatrist I practice at Goregoan Mumbai.

Today I am going to talk about stigma about mental disorder. Mental health disorder is one of common disorder we find in our society. World Health Organization predicts that mental health disorder will be most common disorders to cause mobility by 2020. So still that mental health disorder being such a common phenomenon is full of stigma about people suffering from mental health disorder. We consider them as ‘paggle’ in Marathi Veda and label them provision are called as a schizophrenic depressed. These terms hurt them and let them not seek the treatment, these people are confined to their rooms at times they are chained. This inhuman treatment makes them less productive and would restrict to partake part in society. I think you and me share this collective responsibility to share this stigma and come out and talk about more and more mental health in mental health so today on this platform lybrate I would like to urge you to talk about mental health illness talk about anything you know anything you want, talk, help anyone if you know if anyone needs help bring to mental health profession they will help so lets take a place today that together we are going to help a person who is suffering from mental health to recover and come back to society and do his best for our society.

Thank you. For further information or any help, you can contact me on lybrate.

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Popular Questions & Answers

Dear Dr. my wife is psychiatric patient and taking sulpitac 100 mg twice daily but no change, prior to this even if 50 mg sulpitac was helped her, she is not ready to take medicine or consult/go to any doctor. What would be my step? Regards

M.B.B.S., D.N.B. (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Panchkula
Hello, Sulpitac can be given up to 1200 mg in divided dosage. In the beginning of the treatment drug starts showing its maximum effect and then the improvement is slow. Medications are not magic pills and it usually take some time to control symptoms. Being patient here is the key. I can understand the problem you are facing. You have to understand what she is doing is because of the illness. She has no touch with the reality and once she will improve she will start taking medications. Contact nearby psychiatric clinic for help or to get her admitted. If there has been a history of medication been taken irregularly ask your psychiatrist to start him on long acting injections which are to be given once a month. These injection will take care of her symptoms even when she don't take her medication. For any further help you can contact me. Best wishes.
2 people found this helpful

Hello I am from Dilshad garden I am suffering from mind disease my treatment is going on in mental hospital in shahadra ihbaas doctors give only two medicines morning i and evening and these medicines is xtilo 10 mg and another one medicine which I have forget these two medicine will be improvement in my health please suggest me and then I should gone be in privet physiatrist please plz suggest me fast my problems is every time think is running in my mind so can't focus on a fix point.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user, Nervousness or Anxiety disorders are a category of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear, where anxiety is a worry about future events and fear is a reaction to current events. These feelings may cause physical symptoms, such as a racing heart and shakiness. There are a number of anxiety disorders: including generalized anxiety disorder, a specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, and panic disorder among others. While each has its own characteristics and symptoms, they all include symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety medicines alone cannot cure anxiety disorders mainly because medicines do not alter behavior. Behavior change and Continuous practice of the changed behavior cure anxiety. I suggest anxiety education, progressive counseling and progressive psychotherapy. I assure you complete cure. I need to know more about your anxiety so that I will be able to diagnose it properly and provide you tips to overcome and manage your anxiety. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

My son who has just completed Ms. in USA is suffering from some sort of mental illness. He is in the hospital and has been prescribed risperidone 2 mg at bed time and 1 mg in the morning, He refused to take medicine for a couple of days and now he is taking only in the night. I need to know is there any other method to treat him because he says, when he is in proper state, this medicine has lot of side effects and does not want. What to do.

M.B.B.S., D.N.B. (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Panchkula
Hello, Decreasing dosage may worsen his symptoms again. He need proper dose for adequate period of time. There are long acting injections available in market which are to be given once a month. These injection will suffice the need of oral medications. Contact your nearby psychiatric clinic or me to get further information regarding long acting injections. Moreover when he is improving inculcate with information regarding illness and need for treatment. Best Wishes.

I want to become mentally fit. I want to make myself more positive than ever. What will help me to become mentally fit and positive? I am clinically depressed and tired of depression and negative thoughts.

Masters in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Lucknow
You need medication as first line of defense second you need counseling and therapy. Consult for therapy.

I am having derealization disorder and I don't feel like am in my body and the world around me seems unreal. Am unable to focus on anything and some thing or the other things are keep on going inside my mind. Am not getting enough sleep and body is full of anxiety. Please help please.

Alternative Medicine Specialist, Dehradun
Take sky Fruit, Cow Urine caps. Org wheat Grass Powder, drink 20 ml Virgin Coconut Oil. Black chamomile Tea daily, put malkangni oil in to both nostel at bed time.
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Table of Content

What is Mental Disorders?
Causes of Mental Disorders.
What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders?
Treatment of Mental Disorders.
Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders.
Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice