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Mental Disorders - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Mental Disorders? Causes of Mental Disorders. What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders? Treatment of Mental Disorders. Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders. Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.

What is Mental Disorders?

The term “mental disorder” can cover anything from PTSD, to anxiety disorder; and given the sheer number of cases being reported from all over the world, it is to be expected that the current figures of 450 million individuals diagnosed with various mental disorders worldwide will double by the next decade. The mental disorders is not a new subject and had been studied to an extent by the ancient Greeks but not much is yet known about why some are more susceptible to the same while others do not.

It is assumed that genetics and family history does play a pivotal role in the sense that you are more at risk of developing mental disorders if you have a family history that features the same rather prominently. More and more mental disorders are being studied in depth and while treatment methodology can differ depending on the type of mental disorder that you are currently suffering from, therapy and counseling form a pivotal part of any treatment process. However, many patients continue to suffer from the various mental disorders despite the fact that it is a manageable condition provided treatment is given in time, on account of the stigma associated with the same.

Causes of Mental Disorders.

As indicated earlier, not much detailed research was done on this topic until a few decades back and it is assumed that most patients start displaying some of the symptoms associated with these mental disorders due to changes in their brain chemistry. It is further thought that these changes can take place due to various reasons, from environmental factors or even facing a sudden trauma like a head injury which can lead to the change in brain chemistry.

Apart from environmental and biological factors, a patient can also develop mental disorders on account of genetic predisposition to develop the same. More often than not, a detailed study of their family history would indicate that several other family members suffered from the same disorder. This is why it is essential that you consult a doctor right away on spotting some of the symptoms listed below, as most, if not all the mental disorders are treatable and you can manage your condition with the right medication and lead a normal life again.

What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders?

Some of the symptoms associated with mental disorders are listed below. Please consult a health professional right away if some of these symptoms listed below sound too familiar:

  • Sudden, unexplainable mood swings
  • Behavioral changes
  • Paranoia, thinks everyone is out to get them
  • Remains withdrawn from close family members, relatives
  • Remains listless, fatigued all the time
  • Starts abusing alcohol
  • Starts abusing other controlled substances
  • Shows or starts displaying violence towards others around them
  • Inability to cope with anything stressful
  • High levels of stress
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Feeling suicidal

Treatment of Mental Disorders.

Given the various mental disorders, it is but natural for the treatment methodologies to differ as well. Your doctor would first assess your condition and then talk to your family and friends to help confirm the same; he would then test you further before diagnosing your current condition and the associated mental disorder. He would then prescribe psychoactive medication to help treat any imbalance in the brain chemistry, as well as mood altering drugs, which are supposed to help you combat depression.

Apart from this, you would be asked to attend counseling and psychological therapy for the duration of your treatment. You may be required to take medication for prolonged periods depending on the severity of your condition so that you can manage your condition better and continue to lead a normal life. And you may be required to report in for periodic counseling sessions to ensure that there is no relapse on your part.

Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders.

Mental disorders are being studied in-depth only now and so far, there is no known way to prevent a person from developing the same. Most therapists hold the view that an active social life, social interactions with others can actually help foster a healthy environment which should prevent anyone from developing mental disorders. Apart from this, eating healthy, and practicing a good workout should ensure that your brain chemistry is well balanced and a good workout should result in more dopamine being released by your brain, which should make you feel good about yourself.

Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.

There are no withdrawal symptoms associated with the disorder itself, however, if you should continue to stop taking the prescribed medication, this can cause you to experience some of the withdrawal symptoms listed below and may even cause you to relapse as well.

  • Dry or cottonmouth
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Displaying extreme range of emotions, moods
  • Becoming violent

Popular Questions & Answers

I was on risdone (2, dicorate (750, inderal la (40) given by a psychiatrist for anger issues. However I recently left those medicines abruptly as I don’t feel the need to continue them. And there seems to be no anger at all ever since then. However I have been having severe headaches since I left these medications.

Ph.D Psychology, M.Phil - Psychology
Psychologist, Jaipur
Dear user when we are aware about our problem we are able to control but we have to control it in a proper way. You are too young and taking these tablets, it’s not good for your physical as well as your mental health. If you don’t want to tak...

Hello doctor, I am a bi polar disorder patient. So I undergone so many episodes. Please tell me about visual hallucination i.e. Imaging ourself as a god and imaging other person as a god. In my episodes I believed strongly this. So I started to talk with unknown persons .so I faced lot of problems. Still now I am not get a answer that visual hallucination is not real. I thought tv serial dialogues, adds, films are also helping me in my life through god. So please please reply me to recover from this thought doctor. My mom helped me lot to recover from this by admitting in hospital and I got recovered now but also still taking medicines like nexito plus, ativan 2 mg, sultipac 50. But in my in-depth mind always saying god helped you is true that is not fake. Those who are all you saw as a god that is only true like this. I am married and I have one daughter aged 7. I had this problem still 2011. For my family I am controlling myself and saying to me ,that is fake it's all your imagination. Please think about your daughter future. And etc. Like this I am controlling myself. So please reply me to overcome from this thought. Please save my life from your valuable reply doctor. Thank you so much.

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear lybrate-user, your feelings of imagining yourself as god will be there in your mind. But you act out on it, only during the manic episodes like talking to strangers. Of course, if you act out on it, you will face lot of problems. You may worr...
1 person found this helpful

I am taking olanex f 5+20 mg since last 10 years. I am on medication since last 16 years. What disease I have? Doctor told my family that I have to take medicine for lifetime. Will my disease worsen with time. I think I am suffering from schizophrenia.

MD Medicine, DM Neurology
Neurologist,
Dear lybrate-user, the tablet you are using is used for bipolar disorder and must have been prescribed by a psychiatrist, it will be ok to meet your doctor again and confirm the requirement. Do not change or stop the medicine on your own.

I am in depression and a lot of exam stress as I am a medical pg aspirant and a doctor, I am using few medications, bupropion 300 mg, lamotrigine 200 mg, venlafaxine 37. 5 mg, aripiprazole 5 mg, pacitane 2 mg, rabeprazole and ondansetron, these r prescribed drugs by a psychiatrist but I myself take. Few medications since 4 years to help with my studies, stimulants (legal ones) to be specific, modafinil 200 mg, selegiline 5 mg, caffeine 220 mg, and the problem now is I never smoked in my life, although I used to drink one year before, only one year I used to drink, was a social occasional drinker and never had cravings and have been alcohol free since a year, but now although I never smoked before, I feel like smoking to relieve my stress despite taking so many drugs, I am still suffering, feel like crying and lack of motivation to study unless I take stimulants, so smoking cravings without even smoking ever before is my problem, I don't know why?, I was maybe a bit influenced by looking at movies and my friends all around me who smoke whenever they r stressed out, which helps with them actually, maybe I thought smoking a bit might relieve stress and make me motivated a bit so I start studying again, can any psychiatrist can help me with this problem? And explain why I am having cravings ?(note: the bupropion I am using is for depression not for smoking cessation), please help me find a solution, I would take a consult as well if somebody who r addiction specialist who can help me with my problem and explain what I am going thru, thank you.

M.B.B.S, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ghaziabad
Its probably due to social learning from your intimate environment where you would have seen people taking about/ experiencing stress and smoking simultaneously. Other probable reason is the use of stimulants which usually provokes tolerance with ...
1 person found this helpful

60 years age. Taking vertin, liver tonic, neurobion as prescribed previously. Symptoms are often associated with changing daily routine. Lethargy and mentally stressed and headache complaint plus heaviness in whole head. Acidity problem plus unable to maintain balance of body. Mri is normal and ct scan normal. No diabetes or bp. Fever due to lethargy and unable to sleep properly at night.

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Nupur, At the age of 63 years, many medical illnesses need to be ruled out. Just MRI and CT normal are not enough. Fever is not a symptom of psychological disorder. May be feverish feeling. You have to inform about lot more details to diagnose.

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