The term “mental disorder” can cover anything from PTSD, to anxiety disorder; and given the sheer number of cases being reported from all over the world, it is to be expected that the current figures of 450 million individuals diagnosed with various mental disorders worldwide will double by the next decade. The mental disorders is not a new subject and had been studied to an extent by the ancient Greeks but not much is yet known about why some are more susceptible to the same while others do not.
It is assumed that genetics and family history does play a pivotal role in the sense that you are more at risk of developing mental disorders if you have a family history that features the same rather prominently. More and more mental disorders are being studied in depth and while treatment methodology can differ depending on the type of mental disorder that you are currently suffering from, therapy and counseling form a pivotal part of any treatment process. However, many patients continue to suffer from the various mental disorders despite the fact that it is a manageable condition provided treatment is given in time, on account of the stigma associated with the same.
As indicated earlier, not much detailed research was done on this topic until a few decades back and it is assumed that most patients start displaying some of the symptoms associated with these mental disorders due to changes in their brain chemistry. It is further thought that these changes can take place due to various reasons, from environmental factors or even facing a sudden trauma like a head injury which can lead to the change in brain chemistry.
Apart from environmental and biological factors, a patient can also develop mental disorders on account of genetic predisposition to develop the same. More often than not, a detailed study of their family history would indicate that several other family members suffered from the same disorder. This is why it is essential that you consult a doctor right away on spotting some of the symptoms listed below, as most, if not all the mental disorders are treatable and you can manage your condition with the right medication and lead a normal life again.
Some of the symptoms associated with mental disorders are listed below. Please consult a health professional right away if some of these symptoms listed below sound too familiar:
Given the various mental disorders, it is but natural for the treatment methodologies to differ as well. Your doctor would first assess your condition and then talk to your family and friends to help confirm the same; he would then test you further before diagnosing your current condition and the associated mental disorder. He would then prescribe psychoactive medication to help treat any imbalance in the brain chemistry, as well as mood altering drugs, which are supposed to help you combat depression.
Apart from this, you would be asked to attend counseling and psychological therapy for the duration of your treatment. You may be required to take medication for prolonged periods depending on the severity of your condition so that you can manage your condition better and continue to lead a normal life. And you may be required to report in for periodic counseling sessions to ensure that there is no relapse on your part.
Mental disorders are being studied in-depth only now and so far, there is no known way to prevent a person from developing the same. Most therapists hold the view that an active social life, social interactions with others can actually help foster a healthy environment which should prevent anyone from developing mental disorders. Apart from this, eating healthy, and practicing a good workout should ensure that your brain chemistry is well balanced and a good workout should result in more dopamine being released by your brain, which should make you feel good about yourself.
There are no withdrawal symptoms associated with the disorder itself, however, if you should continue to stop taking the prescribed medication, this can cause you to experience some of the withdrawal symptoms listed below and may even cause you to relapse as well.
Panic disorder or panic attacks are common among people. We have come across this term many times before in our lives. So this article will deal with panic attacks and more about them.
What is panic disorder?
A panic attack is a sudden intense wave of extreme fear or anxiety which comes unexpectedly without any prior warning. There may not be any definite reason for the attack. It can also arrive when you are sleeping. The panic episodes usually stop after one but some people experience continuous episodes as well. Panic attacks are very dangerous to experience and it gives you a feeling of losing control or having a heart attack. A person who experiences panic attacks more often is said to have panic disorders.
Causes for panic disorder:
There is no particular or an absolutely certain cause for a panic disorder. But there are some common ones which we will talk about.
Some quick tips
Panic attacks are sudden and unexpected. But there are a few things which you can do to prevent yourself from facing such a disorder.
If no improvement with these tips meet a psychiatrist. He can provide treatment in form of either psychotherapy (counseling) or medicines (which are safe and effective). In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
"Get off the mobile and go outside," are these words being heard more commonly nowadays, than at any other point in time in life? The answer could be frighteningly real as humanity has just stepped in one of the newest forms of a psychiatric disorder. What's worse is that the medical world is divided whether if this should be considered as a disease and separate field to be dedicated to it or simply pass it off as a generation growth that the future has to embrace.
Let us look a little deeper about the disorder and the serious nature that it indicates.
What is internet & phone addiction?
Only recently did Internet addition and phone addition become part of the diagnostic and statistical manual of the mental disorder - Meaning that internet addiction is now effectively considered a psychiatric disorder and there are chances of identifying and treating it using medically approved means. As the name suggests, internet addiction and phone addiction means that the person is using his creative and designated time on the medium when he is no longer required to. Simply put it becomes an obsessive habit on the part of the person to look into the phone and use the internet as a routine activity. Long-term addiction can lead to many psychological factors such as withdrawal symptoms, depression, and general loss of awareness about the surroundings. For most people, the syndrome can be an underlying factor of an even more severe health condition that the person is trying to mask by whiling away his time with the internet and the mobile. Across the people who get affected by it, the common traits are the internet gaming and social media.
The addiction in today’s world:
The velocity of the disorder is yet to take on the world. As of now only two countries- South Korea and China have identified the disorder as a disease and treatments are administered. Europe and United States have just categorized it as a disorder and research is being done on it. The general treatment plan that exists now aims to understand the patient first. The psychiatric treatment tries to successfully make a minor bridge between the user and his addiction. From practicing different time of using the internet to suggesting new schedules and goals, the person can be slowly be eased backed into the society. The purpose of the psychiatric treatment is not to block the internet/ mobile usage completely but to limit them. A person is educated to get his satisfaction in other forms like relations ships, outdoor activities than to depend on the internet. Apart from it some depression reducing drugs can also be had at the insistence of the psychiatrist.
Professors argue that Internet addiction and mobile addiction is not exactly a disease. It simply determines an underlying medical condition of a person that needs more treatment. Though still in its early stages the medical world has made it clear that its contribution towards these mental addictions would increase by massive miles within the turn of the decade. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
We have heard people talk about diabetes, heart disease, and high cholesterol with no guilt or embarrassment. This is despite the fact that these are lifestyle-induced and could have easily been prolonged or prevented with some lifestyle modifications. However, we do not hear people talk about depression or anxiety disorder or any other mental disorder with such candidness. For example, depression is extremely common, with greater number of younger people taking to subscription medications for the condition. However, it is not yet acceptable to say that they are taking medications or are undergoing counseling to overcome depression.
Stigma is when you are looked at differently because you have a particular trait or a feature. This is a strongly ingrained characteristic, where we are used to making fun about people who are physically different – could be fat, thin, tall, stout, dark, different hair, etc. The list can be too long.
Features of stigma
When a person with mental illness is ignored, the stigma triggers off the following reactions.
How to overcome this stigma
While it is perfectly okay to talk to a nutritionist about how to handle the bodily changes, why not a psychiatrist for a quick chat about mental well-being? Think about it! In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
A song. A poem. The smile on someone special’s face. Each interaction that we are a part of evokes an emotion. Emotions are the most powerful and sometimes the most painful forces in our lives. They are what inform our decisions, no matter how trivial. They dictate our actions and thoughts. Our emotional responses to different situations are what define us as individuals.
Emotions tend to oscillate between volatile extremes of rage and euphoria. Steer too far to either extreme and you might be courting danger. Much like the other aspects of life, emotions should be handled with moderation and rational thought. Here are five methods by which you can control your emotions.
Emotional resilience is a big part of becoming an adult. Learn to manage and lessen your emotional responses so that you may live a much more productive and stress-free life. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Dissociative disorder can be described as a mental disorder that involves experiences of disconnection and a lack of continuity between the thoughts and memories of a person including a lack of awareness of the surroundings, actions and even identity. People who are suffering from dissociative disorder generally escape reality in such an extreme way that they lose focus of what is happening around them which causes involuntary and unhealthy actions that may hamper the normal way of life.
Studies have found that dissociative disorder is a result of a trauma that the person may have encountered prior to the symptoms and tries to keep the difficult memories related to that incident away from their mind. Symptoms of dissociative disorder range from amnesia to even alternate identities depending heavily on the type of dissociative disorder that the person is suffering from. Research has shown that stress is a major factor in inducing the disorder. Stress worsens the symptoms and makes the disorder obvious.
There are a number of treatments for dissociative disorder. It ranges from talk therapy or psychotherapy to medications. However, it must be noted that treating dissociative disorder is difficult and research and studies have tried to learn new and approved ways to cope with it to lead a healthy, productive life on a daily basis.
Causes of dissociative disorder
To know more about dissociative disorder let's learn about the causes of the disorder. Medical research over the years has been able to delve deep into the causes associated with dissociative disorder. The results have concluded that dissociative disorder develops in an individual as a way to cope with a major trauma that he/she may have experienced in their life. The disorder is often seen to develop in a child who has been subjected to years and years of physical abuse along with sexual and emotional abuse. In many cases, a toxic home environment is responsible for the above said abuses also results in a dissociative disorder. Moreover, the stress of war on a soldier or the effects of a natural disaster on an individual can also induce dissociative disorder.
Childhood is an important time for the development of personality. Children are more prone to emotions than a grown-up. So even if the abuse is happening on someone else, a child will pick up on it and develop their personality around it. A child may learn to dissociate in order to cope with the traumatic situation. And as a result, he employs that same dissociation in the latter part of their life to endure any traumatic situation or anything that triggers similar memories.
It is always advised to take help from a professional if the situation gets out of control. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!