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Overview

Mental Disorders - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Mental Disorders?

The term “mental disorder” can cover anything from PTSD, to anxiety disorder; and given the sheer number of cases being reported from all over the world, it is to be expected that the current figures of 450 million individuals diagnosed with various mental disorders worldwide will double by the next decade. The mental disorders is not a new subject and had been studied to an extent by the ancient Greeks but not much is yet known about why some are more susceptible to the same while others do not.

It is assumed that genetics and family history does play a pivotal role in the sense that you are more at risk of developing mental disorders if you have a family history that features the same rather prominently. More and more mental disorders are being studied in depth and while treatment methodology can differ depending on the type of mental disorder that you are currently suffering from, therapy and counseling form a pivotal part of any treatment process. However, many patients continue to suffer from the various mental disorders despite the fact that it is a manageable condition provided treatment is given in time, on account of the stigma associated with the same.

Causes of Mental Disorders.

As indicated earlier, not much detailed research was done on this topic until a few decades back and it is assumed that most patients start displaying some of the symptoms associated with these mental disorders due to changes in their brain chemistry. It is further thought that these changes can take place due to various reasons, from environmental factors or even facing a sudden trauma like a head injury which can lead to the change in brain chemistry.

Apart from environmental and biological factors, a patient can also develop mental disorders on account of genetic predisposition to develop the same. More often than not, a detailed study of their family history would indicate that several other family members suffered from the same disorder. This is why it is essential that you consult a doctor right away on spotting some of the symptoms listed below, as most, if not all the mental disorders are treatable and you can manage your condition with the right medication and lead a normal life again.

What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders?

Some of the symptoms associated with mental disorders are listed below. Please consult a health professional right away if some of these symptoms listed below sound too familiar:

  • Sudden, unexplainable mood swings
  • Behavioral changes
  • Paranoia, thinks everyone is out to get them
  • Remains withdrawn from close family members, relatives
  • Remains listless, fatigued all the time
  • Starts abusing alcohol
  • Starts abusing other controlled substances
  • Shows or starts displaying violence towards others around them
  • Inability to cope with anything stressful
  • High levels of stress
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Feeling suicidal

Treatment of Mental Disorders.

Given the various mental disorders, it is but natural for the treatment methodologies to differ as well. Your doctor would first assess your condition and then talk to your family and friends to help confirm the same; he would then test you further before diagnosing your current condition and the associated mental disorder. He would then prescribe psychoactive medication to help treat any imbalance in the brain chemistry, as well as mood altering drugs, which are supposed to help you combat depression.

Apart from this, you would be asked to attend counseling and psychological therapy for the duration of your treatment. You may be required to take medication for prolonged periods depending on the severity of your condition so that you can manage your condition better and continue to lead a normal life. And you may be required to report in for periodic counseling sessions to ensure that there is no relapse on your part.

Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders.

Mental disorders are being studied in-depth only now and so far, there is no known way to prevent a person from developing the same. Most therapists hold the view that an active social life, social interactions with others can actually help foster a healthy environment which should prevent anyone from developing mental disorders. Apart from this, eating healthy, and practicing a good workout should ensure that your brain chemistry is well balanced and a good workout should result in more dopamine being released by your brain, which should make you feel good about yourself.

Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.

There are no withdrawal symptoms associated with the disorder itself, however, if you should continue to stop taking the prescribed medication, this can cause you to experience some of the withdrawal symptoms listed below and may even cause you to relapse as well.

  • Dry or cottonmouth
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Displaying extreme range of emotions, moods
  • Becoming violent

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Popular Questions & Answers

Mujhe mental illness h.maine psychiatrist ko dikhaya but dawa khane se ghabrahat aur hone lagi. Mujhe doctor ne flunil 60 aur flunil 20 diya. But isko khane k baad mujhe aur ghabrahat ho rahi h.isliye maine dawa continue nahi kiye.

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Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. Flunil 20 mg capsule is an antidepressant which is used in the treatment of disorders like depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder. What is your ...
1 person found this helpful

I had taken 60 combiflam medicine since 5 days, and now I am mentally upset, so please suggest what I can now for removing mental disorder?

post graduate Diploma - Guidance & Councelling
Psychologist, Delhi
Hi can you please explain why did you take 60 combiflam tablets, it itself is not normal. You should consult a counselor/doc if you are feeling uncomfortable but restrain from taking medicines in such huge quantity.
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Dear sir, I am taking sizodon ls daily twice. I am worried about the side effects like memory loss and attention disorders. Please suggest alternatives.

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My son has been suffering from mental problem from few years back. Kindly read it as I will tell the onset history he is 29 years old. 1) at the age 17 years his own mother sister rebuked him and hit him by a stick for the fault he was not responsible. After that even he was timid and depressed. After few days I noticed he started questioning a thing repeatedly. He was seeing a film where a little girl was was slapped by a man. He started questioning why the man had slapped the girl. We gave the answer but still he carried on asking why. He was not satisfied with the answer. He asked me to say loudly in a particular tone. I answered loudly. Then he stopped. Again I noticed he asked me to bring a biscuit packet. But he was requesting me to promise .and he carried on requesting me to promise .saying loudly in a particular tone. Whole night he carried on asking. I asked him why he is doing so. He told he is getting tension and to be free from tension he was asking the question. Automatically the subject was coming in his mind and making him some uneasiness and could not sleep. And if I stopped answering him he was complaining me I was not making him tension free by answering. 2) a doctor prescribed him oleanz 2 mg and flouvaxine 50 twice. He was getting sleep. repetitive questioning reduced but I noticed he was becoming aggressive if we do not go according to his will. Asexample. He said to his mother for food. But he wanted right now. His mother replied she was busy in washing and to wait. But he became arrogant and forced her mother to stop washing and asked her to offer food without delaying a second. I found he was slowly loosing patience. The doctor prescribed sizodon 3 mg fluexitne40 twice encorate chrono300 twice clonazepam. 5 mg at night. This was continued years together in between suddenly we found his blood sugar level jumped 240 pp. He was advised additional amryl1m 3) but an unexpected behavioural change I noticed by seeing tazmahal he said shahazan is my distant grandfather. Why so? He answered he was feeling happy by thinking so now he is imagining he is the emperor of the world. Even he says god is inside him. He is super power. This is number one. The second behaviour which has made him crazy that is his hair. He wants straight hair but his hair is curly. So he tries to straight it by putting water floor dust. Rice paste etc. He will put water 25 times at a stretch on his hair. Sometimes at the night winter one o clock. He will put three to four shirt his shirt and my shirts also. On question he replied" your hair is straight so by wearing your shirt your gene will enter in his hair and it will be straight" he cannot be stopped. Thirdly he says whenever he is alone he thinks" how shall I live if my parents die" he can't escape from this thought. So he started wearing bangles of shiva durga temple mosque christ cross etc. He started hanging calender of goddess on the wall. Now he started smoking heavily. He has passed higher secondary in between please advice.

Masters In Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Gurgaon
Hi from the history you have given it seems he has developed schizophrenia psychosis which means cut off from reality in a world of hallucination and delusion. Does he also gets paranoid? And think people are planning plotting against him what sta...
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Table of Content

What is Mental Disorders?
Causes of Mental Disorders.
What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders?
Treatment of Mental Disorders.
Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders.
Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.
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