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Mental Disorders Tips

Overthinking - How Can It Be Lethal?

Ms.Juhi Parashar 97% (6926ratings)
Masters In Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Gurgaon
Overthinking - How Can It Be Lethal?

Overthinking means to think about something for too long. We all tend to overthink over important or trivial matters – whether we are making the right choices in life, or how to dress up for an outing. We wonder about several issues going on in our lives. All this is perfectly normal until it takes a toll on our mental health.
When the habit of overthinking arouses excessive thoughts about something so much that it causes stress, fear, anxiety or dread, and affects your ability to function normally, it could be an indication of mental disorder.

Thus, when you worry or wonder about yourself, your family or friends, you do not necessarily have the overthinking disorder. Whatever you are wondering, probably keeps you concerned for a while, after which you carry on with your usual routine. However, with the overthinking disorder, all you can think of is a worry. Even though it may not be the same thing, which concerns you, something or the other constantly bothers you.

How to tell if you have Overthinking Disorder

If you are not sure whether you are simply overthinking or are suffering from a mental disorder, you should look out for these signs –

• Difficulty contributing to or following along with a conversation because you go over probable statements or responses repeatedly until the conversation has either ended or you have lost your turn to speak
• Comparing yourself continually to others around you, and how you measure up to them
• Focusing on the worst possible scenarios involving you or a loved one
• Reliving past mistakes/failures time and again, so you are unable to move past them
• Worrying about future goals/tasks until they feel impossible to accomplish
• Reliving a traumatic experience in the past – the loss of a dear one or abuse – that you are unable to cope with
• Inability to slow down the vague thoughts/emotions/worries racing on in your mind

Impact of Overthinking Disorder on Life

Not everyone experiences the same symptoms of the overthinking disorder. Those who do, often find that their inability to control negative emotions and thoughts effectively is compromising their quality of life. This often makes it difficult for them to go out and socialize, be productive at work, or enjoy a hobby, as they spend a considerable amount of energy and time on specific thoughts. The thought that they do not have control over their own emotions or minds can be damaging to one’s mental health.

Overthinking can change the way you work with others and the way you do things. It can significantly affect your personal life, social life, and work life. Gradually, it will start wearing away at you and your relationship with others. A person with an anxiety disorder is more likely to have an overthinking disorder.

If you find yourself struggling to overcome overthinking, you should seek professional help. Therapy and counselling can help you vent out your worries and irrational thoughts. A couple of interactive sessions with your therapist can help you cope with your anxiety, stress and fear, as you engage in a one-on-one conversation and open up to him/her.
 

3333 people found this helpful

Psychological Disorders - Know Forms Of Them!

Dr.Kamal Kishore Verma 89% (10ratings)
MBBS, MD, DNB (PSYCHIATRY)
Psychiatrist, Agra
Psychological Disorders - Know Forms Of Them!

As people grow older, they age physically as well as mentally. Just as they become more susceptible to conditions such as arthritis, their risk of mental illnesses also increases. It is also important to note that physical ailments influence mental ailments. Thus, arthritis may not only be a problem in itself but may cause mental disorders as well.

Some of the most common psychological problems that affect the elderly are:

  1. DepressionDepression can affect people of all ages but the elderly have a higher risk of suffering from it. The symptoms and effects of this condition vary from person to person. These include feeling sad constantly, tiredness and lack of energy, lack of self-worth, unexplained weight loss or weight gain, insomnia and reduced appetite. This may be caused as a side effect of certain medications or treatment, as a result of frustrations caused by other physical ailments or just an effect of age.
  2. Memory Problems: As people get older, their memory weakens. Many lose their long-term memory skills. They may also lose their short-term memory. This is not the same as being forgetful. Characteristic symptoms of amnesia include confusion, memory loss, inability to recognize people, etc. Amnesia may be caused by a number of factors including trauma to the head, brain damage or psychological factors such as PTSD.
  3. Dementia: Dementia is characterized by the person’s mental inability to function normally. This could be in the form of random mood swings, apathy, confusion, changes in short-term memory or failed sense of direction. Dementia is typically caused by the death of brain cells due to tumors, infections, lack of oxygen, lack of nutrition etc. Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, vascular dementia and frontotemporal dementia are all forms of dementia.
  4. Alzheimer’s Disease: This is a kind of dementia as well. In such cases, the patient loses memory of where they are and believe themselves to be in another place and time zone. The patient may not be able to rationalize things happening around him and may be unable to recognize their own family members. This is a neurodegenerative disease that involves shrinkage of the brain cells. It may be genetic. Alzheimer’s can be treated and managed but it cannot be cured.
  5. Insomnia: Insomnia can be classified as a physical and mental ailment. It is characterized by the inability to sleep well at night. Some of the noticeable symptoms include tossing and turning for hours in bed before going to sleep, waking up frequently at night, waking up earlier than planned and falling asleep during the day. Insomnia in the elderly is typically caused by stress and anxiety. It may also be the result of certain types of medication.
1976 people found this helpful

Somatic Symptom Disorder - What Should You Know?

Dr.Richa Khetawat 93% (24ratings)
Masters In Clinical Psychology (2004) & The Clinical Psychology of Children and Young People (2007), Certification in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Somatic Symptom Disorder - What Should You Know?

Somatic symptom disorder is when you put so much focus on symptoms such as pain or fatigue that you have trouble functioning or experience severe emotional distress. You will be visiting the doctor a lot, completely unnecessarily and will waste a lot of money when you have no major health concerns. However, there are treatments, which can help you cope with this problem. Read further to find out what they are:

Symptoms:

  1. Worrying excessively about an illness, which has not yet occurred
  2. Frequent health care visits
  3. Fear of physical activity damaging your body
  4. Fearing that the evaluation of doctors is not adequate

There are many more symptoms, which may indicate that you are suffering from somatic symptom disorder. However, the most important way of telling whether someone is suffering from somatic symptom disorder or not is to see whether the patient is overly worried about a physical problem, which has not yet occurred. One of the first steps in making sure that this does not happen is finding out what causes the problem and preventing it. Here are the causes of somatic symptom disorder.

Causes: As with other psychological disorders, the exact cause of somatic symptom disorder is not yet known. However, there are a number of factors which may increase the risk of it, such as:

  1. Genetic and biological factors: These as well as an increased sensitivity to pain are some of the factors, which you have no control over. 
  2. Environment you grew up in: Just like the genes you have, the environment you grew up in and your family influence will have a major impact on whether you develop the condition as well.
  3. Problems processing emotions: When people have problems processing emotions, their physical symptoms seem like a bigger problem than they actually are.

Treatment: Luckily, there are treatments for this disorder as well, which include.

  1. Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy is the most common treatment used to help people with somatic symptom disorder.
  2. Medications: Since depression and pain often occur when a person is suffering from somatic symptom disorder, antidepressants can be given as well.
1504 people found this helpful

Mental Health Apps At Your Aide!

Dr.Sheba Singh 85% (10ratings)
PhD - Psychology, Masters in Psychology, BA - Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma in Rehabilitation Psychology
Psychologist, Mumbai
Mental Health Apps At Your Aide!

The smartphone revolution has changed our lives in many ways. With several adults and even tech-savvy teenagers and children turning victims of problems like anxiety and depression, doctors are increasingly turning to mental health apps or MHapps. More frequent use of tech gives a better avenue for communication - in this case between doctors and patients.

Here are the top 7 mental health apps that can be used by patients to improve their mental health

1. Code Blue: Bullying is a real problem that has led many down the path of depression and suicide. And sometimes the solution is closer than you think - in this case, a click away. With Code Blue, you can choose people from your contact to be a part of your support group. With just a few clicks, the app will alert the support group if the user needs their help. The app also communicates the user's location to the group and the group can indicate that help is on the way.

2. Breath2Relax: Feeling too anxious or angry and want to let your bad side take over the situation. Launch Breath2Relax on your phone and you'll be walked through a series of breathing exercise that helps to reduce stress, stabilize mood, control anger, and manage anxiety. It can be operated independently.

3. Lantern: Lantern is a web and mobile-based platform that combines cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) techniques with advice from real experts. The app starts by measuring the users strengths, weaknesses, stress, anxiety, mood and social life and then tailors daily exercises that suits their pattern. Next, the app matches you with a professional CBT coach who can answer any questions you have.

4. PTSD Coach: PTSD stands for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. PTSD Coach is an app developed by the Department of Veterans Affairs' National Center for PTSD, intended for use by veterans, military personnel, and civilians experiencing symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. The app provides a self-assessment tool that tracks symptoms over a period of time and also connects with a support group from your contact list and locate nearby treatment programs.

5. Optimism: Optimism is a family of applications that focus on self-tracking as a tool for coping with mental illnesses including depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, and PTSD. Users can record the intensity of their mood which will eventually detect patterns and help identify problem triggers. Users can create a customizable wellness plan to chart their coping mechanisms which will come from experience and understanding of their mental condition.

6.Talkspace: This free app helps users connect with a therapist with whom they can chat anytime. It isn't exactly a substitute to in-person therapy but more a precursor where the app's therapists can monitor and guide the user if they need more advanced help.

7. Big white wall: Sometimes just knowing that there are others in the same boat as you is a big help and this is what the app does. It is a community where users with a different type of mental health problems come together for discussion boards, reference articles and self-assessment tests.

1359 people found this helpful

Chronic Diseases - Know Efficacy Of Homeopathy In It!

BHMS, MD - Medicine
Homeopathy Doctor, Ghaziabad
Chronic Diseases - Know Efficacy Of Homeopathy In It!

Homeopathic treatments are usually considered to be safe and effective for the long-run. But the biggest challenge in this kind of treatment is to forecast its length. Homeopathic treatment depends on multiple factors. A homeopathic doctor takes every aspect of a patient's lifestyle into account during the treatment. Therefore, the treatment takes a long time. It should be allowed to take place at its own speed. It also depends a lot on the participation of the patient.

Factors that Determine the Length of the Treatment:

The length of the treatment varies from one patient to another. It depends upon the nature of the patient. Here are the essential factors that determine the length of the treatment:

  1. Patient's Vitality and it's Level: It is assumed that younger people are more active and vivacious. They are dynamic and respond quickly to the treatment. For people who live a dynamic life, the symptoms appear and disappear rapidly. For example, even if you are an old person but still active as compared to the people of your age, you will respond to the treatment better than others.
  2. Social Background of the Patient: The treatment depends largely on the patient's social background and the nature of life he or she is leading. A patient might be poor but has mental peace and is active than a rich person. It is important to understand the social behavior, activities and mental or psychological issues of the patient also.
  3. Nature of Physical Pathology: There is no correlation between the length of the treatment and the type of disease. It must be clearly understood that the type of disease doesn't influence the length of treatment. While a minor skin disease may take months to disappear or even years, a more dangerous and chronic disease may respond quickly.
  4. When did the first symptoms occur: Suppose a patient developed a mental disorder five years ago due to an incident in the family. Later, when the treatment begins the patient will take five months to recover. Therefore, it is important to mark the exact time when the first symptoms occurred.
  5. Hereditary Links to the Disease: In case the disease has hereditary links, it takes a longer time to get rid of it.
  6. Presence of Responsible Factors in the Patient's Life: If the interfering factors that aggravate the disease in the patient are still present in his or her life, the treatment will undoubtedly take longer time.
  7. The level of healing that the patient is looking for: The patient must understand what he or she is looking for in a homoeopathic treatment. The initial symptoms or complications might vanish quickly. But, to get rid of the entire disease might take some more time. Some patients abandon the treatment just after the symptoms vanish. They don't understand that the deeper roots of the disease might still be present.
1765 people found this helpful

Behavioural Disorders - Know Signs Of Them?

Dr.Kavita Bhargava 89% (28ratings)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Integrated Clinical Hypnotherapist, Pursuing Transpersonal Regression Therapy, Neuro-Linguistic Programming Practitioner, Certification of Life Coach (CLC), Masters in Psychology - Clinical and Abnormal
Psychologist, Jaipur
Behavioural Disorders - Know Signs Of Them?

Behavioural disorders are a type of psychological disorder in which abnormal patterns of behaviour are observed in an individual for a long period of time, at least for 6 months. Behavioural Disorders are very problematic and parents usually take their children for mental health assessments due to the problematic behaviour in external settings. These problems can also occur in adults. When the behavioural problem is not treated in childhood at the appropriate time, then these can cause hindrance in the other aspects of an individual’s life such as the career, and maintenance of the interpersonal relationship.

Types of behavioural problems
There can be various types of behavioural issues that can be commonly seen in children as well as in adults and these are mentioned below.

  1. Anxiety disorders- These types of problems can be characterised by the irrational and persistent fear, tension, anxiety and other disturbances in the behavioural pattern of an individual. These can be further classified into the generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorders and phobias.
  2. Disruptive behavioural disorders- Also called as impulse control disorders, these are characterised by the inability of an individual to control one’s emotional state and behavioural patterns due to which they cause harm to themselves or others. The behaviours may involve the destruction of other’s property, disobeying the societal norms and rules and regulation imposed by authorities and laws, show aggressive behavioural patterns and violating other’s rights.
  3. Dissociative disorders- These can be characterised by the interrupted connections in the consciousness of an individual where they become dissociated with their memory and identity. They forget who they are and where do they belong to and behave like someone who does not know himself or herself.
  4. 4. Emotional disorders- It involves various abnormal behavioural patterns such as behaving abruptly in normal circumstances by showing inappropriate emotions and actions, difficulty in learning, maintaining interpersonal relationships and other social relations, persistent feeling of unhappiness, fear and anxiety.
  5. Pervasive developmental disorder- These occur during the development of the child and continue to affect the different aspects of a child’s life. Disorders such as Autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are few examples.

Symptoms of Behavioural Problems
There are mainly two types of symptoms: Emotional and physical

Emotional symptoms involve becoming nervous or anxious very easily, unable to handle stress, blaming others, aggressive behaviour, disregard for rules and laws, showing temper tantrums, etc.

Physical symptoms involve various types of things that can be observed such as fever, headache, substance abuse problems can lead to the appearance of various physical signs and symptoms such as bloodshot eyes, shakiness, burnt fingertips etc.

Causes of Behavioural Problems
There can be biological and environmental causes for behavioural problems in an individual. Biological causes involve health issues such as any disease or chronic ailment, improper diet, damage to the brain or hereditary problems. On the other hand, environmental issues involve any stress in the family such as divorce or death of a family member, neglectful parents or authoritarian parents, poor discipline and disinterest in education etc.

1128 people found this helpful

Booze & Brain - How Can Former Impact Later?

Dr.Debabrata Chakraborty 91% (159ratings)
DM - Neurology, Fellowship in Stroke Neurology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Neurologist, Kolkata
Booze & Brain - How Can Former Impact Later?

It is a common belief that alcohol consumption is a social menace and is injurious to health. It is the third leading lifestyle causes of death in the United States and takes a toll on the health care costs of the country. Many organs like the liver, kidney, heart, and brain are affected in people who are addicted to alcohol. However, it has been proven that alcohol consumption in minor amounts can have beneficial effects on the human body including the heart.

The side effects depend on a number of factors listed below.

  • Type of alcohol consumption (social or habitual drinker)
  • Amount of alcohol consumed
  • Frequency of drinking
  • Age, gender, and genetic predisposition of the person to develop alcohol-related diseases
  • Family history of alcoholism and its related diseases
  • Age at which the person started drinking
  • The number of years that a person has been consuming alcohol
  • Overall health condition of the person
  • Exposure to alcohol as a fetus

As the adage goes, anything in excess is bad. It is not necessary that a habitual or social drinker who consumes a drink or two per week would end up with these issues. In fact, if recent studies are to be believed, mild to moderate intake of alcohol does have a benefit to overall health.

  • The cardiovascular benefits are the most prominent. Red wine and beer, in particular, are shown to provide benefits against cardiovascular damage in the long run. This could be due to the antioxidant properties of red wine. Alcohol itself (ethanol or ethyl alcohol) also has a positive effect. Some varieties of beer, porter and stout varieties, in particular, are also shown to be beneficial. The anti-inflammatory properties and antiatherogenic (effect on plaque formation in the blood vessel) are what contribute to these positive effects.
  • There is evidence to show that cholesterol profile is improved (good cholesterol increase) and clotting function is improved in people who have mild alcohol consumption.
  • Insulin sensitivity is also better, leading to better control of sugar levels.
  • Light alcohol consumption also is believed to reduce the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. However, heavy alcohol consumption is believed to increase the risk of stroke and other cerebral events.
  • Limited alcohol use is also linked with a reduced risk of dementia. Heavy consumption leads to faster memory decline.
  • The key to note is that these benefits are only when alcohol consumption is mild to moderate. In excess, the negative effects of alcohol are well established and numerous. Some of the most significant ones being cirrhosis of the liver and cancers of various organs including mouth, liver, larynx, oesophagus, colon, breast, pancreas, etc. To reduce these effects, alcohol screening and brief counselling to reduce habituation are helpful.
2400 people found this helpful

Disassociative Disorder - Know More About It!

Dr.Shreyansh Patil 88% (10ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Kolhapur
Disassociative Disorder - Know More About It!

Dissociative disorder can be described as a mental disorder that involves experiences of disconnection and a lack of continuity between the thoughts and memories of a person including a lack of awareness of the surroundings, actions and even identity. People who are suffering from dissociative disorder generally escape reality in such an extreme way that they lose focus of what is happening around them which causes involuntary and unhealthy actions that may hamper the normal way of life.

Studies have found that dissociative disorder is a result of a trauma that the person may have encountered prior to the symptoms and tries to keep the difficult memories related to that incident away from their mind. Symptoms of dissociative disorder range from amnesia to even alternate identities depending heavily on the type of dissociative disorder that the person is suffering from. Research has shown that stress is a major factor in inducing the disorder. Stress worsens the symptoms and makes the disorder obvious.

There are a number of treatments for dissociative disorder. It ranges from talk therapy or psychotherapy to medications. However, it must be noted that treating the dissociative disorder is difficult and research and studies have tried to learn new and approved ways to cope with it to lead a healthy, productive life on a daily basis.

Causes of dissociative disorder
To know more about dissociative disorder let's learn about the causes of the disorder. Medical research over the years has been able to delve deep into the causes associated with dissociative disorder. The results have concluded that dissociative disorder develops in an individual as a way to cope with a major trauma that he/she may have experienced in their life. The disorder is often seen to develop in a child who has been subjected to years and years of physical abuse along with sexual and emotional abuse. In many cases, a toxic home environment is responsible for the above said abuses also results in a dissociative disorder. Moreover, the stress of war on a soldier or the effects of a natural disaster on an individual can also induce dissociative disorder.

Childhood is an important time for the development of personality. Children are more prone to emotions than a grown-up. So even if the abuse is happening on someone else, a child will pick up on it and develop their personality around it. A child may learn to dissociate in order to cope with the traumatic situation. And as a result, he employs that same dissociation in the latter part of their life to endure any traumatic situation or anything that triggers similar memories.

It is always advised to take help from a professional if the situation gets out of control.

1380 people found this helpful

Body Dysmorphic Disorder - How To Handle It?

MD- Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Body Dysmorphic Disorder - How To Handle It?

Body dysmorphic disorder is a type of psychiatric disorder. It is when you cannot think about one or more defects or flaws in your appearance. These flaws are usually very minor and sometimes even unnoticeable.  This is actually a much more serious disorder than many other people may think. This is because people with body dysmorphic disease may avoid many situations and also suffer from severe anxiety or shame. Here is everything you need to know about body dysmorphic disease.

Causes

Just like other psychiatric disorders, there is no known cause of body dysmorphic disease. However, there are a lot of factors which increases your risk of developing it which include.

1. Brain disorders

Many people with abnormal brain chemistry disorders suffer from body dysmorphic disease. 

2. Genes

People whose blood relatives have this disease or obsessive-compulsive disorder are more likely to develop this disorder as well. 

3. Environment 

Cultural and social influences are a major cause of body dysmorphic disorder as well.

Here are the symptoms of body dysmorphic disease. 

Symptoms

There are, however, a lot of symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, most of which are psychological in nature. They include.

1.   Having a preoccupation with a flaw in the body which is very minor or perhaps even unnoticeable.
2.   Beliefs that people are mocking you in relation to your flaw.
3.   Being a perfectionist

It is also worth note that this obsession with a part of the body can be any part of the body and can also include several parts of the body or different parts of the body at different times. Here are the possible treatments for body dysmorphic disorder.

Treatment 

There are a variety of treatments which a patient can opt for and a variety of methods of curing the problem. Here are the most common.

1. Cognitive behavioural therapy
This is when a therapist tries to stop you from thinking about the flaw that you have been focusing on way too much. 

2. SSRI
SSRI stands for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. They are given in cases where body dysmorphic disorder is caused by problems related to the brain chemical serotonin. 

3. Hospitalization
This is a severe measure but may need to be taken if you are in danger of harming somebody or you cannot perform daily activities. 
 

2010 people found this helpful

Psychiatric Disorder - Are You Suffering From It?

Dr.Aravinda Jawali 91% (1523ratings)
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Psychiatric Disorder - Are You Suffering From It?

Psychiatric disorders like bipolar disorder or schizophrenia do not appear all of a sudden. There are small changes that happen to an individual over a long period of time until the disease fully develops. These signs and symptoms might be too subtle in the early stage for other people to notice until they become obvious. But an early detection of any irregularity proves to be more beneficial for the patient in the long run.

It is important to know the telltale symptoms of mental disorder to distinguish between what is regular and what is not:

  1. Withdrawal: Everyone needs some quiet time to cool off and relax but if a person continuously withdraws him/herself from social occasions and avoids meeting or speaking to friends, it could be a sign that something is wrong. Losing interest in life, work and people are symptoms of depression and psychotic disorder.
  2. Thinking problems: Having trouble concentrating, remembering, understanding and explaining oneself in a coherent manner are some common signs of mental disorder.
  3. Anxiety: Excessive stress and anxious behavior for a prolonged period are not normal. Frequent heart palpitations, headache, shortness of breath, racing mind and restlessness are cries of help that need to be heard.
  4. Emotional outbursts: Sudden dramatic outbursts for no apparent reason, frequent mood swings and feeling distressed are potent signs of mental illnesses. These kinds of behavior are seen as part of a person's nature and so they are often unnoticed.
  5. Changes in appetite and sleeping patterns: Oversleeping may be a sign of depression and insomnia could be a sign of anxiety. Changes in appetite and not caring about oneself or the world are indicators of a mental problem.
2179 people found this helpful
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