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Last Updated: Jan 31, 2020
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Sex Education Guide: Information, Sex Education for Teenagers, Parents, Married Couples, and Sex education in schools

About History Importance Necessity Aim Need Sex education in schools: Sex education for parents: Sex education for youth: Sex education information:
Sex Education Guide: Information, Sex Education for Teenagers, Parents, Married Couples, and Sex education in schools

What is Sex Education?

Sex education is an instruction therapy on issues related to human sexual behaviours, which can include emotional responsibilities and relations, sexual activities, the age of consent, human sexual anatomy, reproductive rights, reproductive age, birth control, safe sex and also about issues related to sexual abstinence.

Sex education that encompasses all these aspects as mentioned above, is known as comprehensive sex education. The common pathways of receiving sex education are caregivers, parents, public health campaigns and formal school programs for the students. Adolescent men and women in many traditional cultures were not provided with any information pertaining to sexual matters, where discussion on sex was being considered as a taboo.

How Sex Education Started?

However, the progressive movement on human rights and education during the 19th century led to the introduction of social hygiene in the North American school curriculums, which is the advent of sex education on a global platform. The need for sex education was also heightened by the increasing incidence of teenage pregnancies, particularly in the western part of the world after the 1960s.

As a part of the effort of each country to reduce such pregnancies, extensive programs on sex education were programmed and also introduced, which was initially strongly opposed by parents and also by the religious groups. Later with the AIDS outbreak, which became a global issue, gave a new sense of urgency to this stream of education.

Sex Education Importance:

Sex education is important as it will encourage good values and belief in an individual about sex. It will also help a child to not gather any sort of misconceptions regarding sexual behaviours. One must take into account that youngsters are very vulnerable and if no proper education regarding sex is imparted then it may lead to an increase in teen pregnancies, STDs, miscarriages, abortions and rapes.

Sex education can also reveal concepts like gender identity, relationships, intimacy, marriage, family and body images to a young mind. Thus, it is necessary to include sex education in the curriculum. Another vital topic that should be discussed under sex education is sexual health and personal hygiene.

Why Is Sex Education Important At The Right Age?

Sex is still considered taboo in India, but nobody can deny this fact that it is a physical need for the human body. Hence, sex education is a necessity because it can actually change the life of people and the mindset of society. Sex education helps in exploring beliefs related to sex as well as it enables an individual to manages his/her own sexual health and relationships.

It is important to provide sex education at the right age that covers a wide range of topics like gender identity, sexual health, hygiene, birth control, sexually transmitted infections, body image, decision making, etc. Sex education should start probably during childhood when a child starts questioning his/her own body.

Sex education aims:

It aims to give a clear picture of sexual health and hygiene by sharing information related to sexual behavior, intimacy, prevention of disease, pregnancy and protection. Sexual health does not just mean that a person is not suffering from any disease but it is a state of being physically, emotionally, mentally, and socially healthy in terms of sexuality.

Sex education comes with an objective to provide most of the information about sex during adolescence since at this age, an individual experiences a change in their body, psychology and their behavior. Thus, the major goal of sex education is to help young minds understand sexuality so that they can make healthy decisions through their lives.

Sex education is needed for various reasons:

Sex education is important for quite a few reasons such as:

  1. Teenagers should know the changes that would take place in their body physically, at the time of adolescence. This is only possible by imparting sex education.
  2. Not just girls but even boys should know the concept of menstruation so that both genders can easily accept this as a natural phenomenon that takes place in a girl’s body. Moreover, they should also have knowledge about sanitary pads and tampons.
  3. Sex education is needed to make awareness about pregnancies, Sexual Transmitted Disease (STD) and Human Immuno Virus (HIV) so that youth can become more responsible and have a better decision making in regard to sex.
  4. Girls and boys should know about contraceptives and safe sex.
  5. It is also important to teach them about rapes, assault, consent and sexual abuse.

Sex education in schools:

Sex education in schools should include topics like reproduction, sexually transmitted diseases, sexual orientation, HIV/AIDS, abstinence, contraception, pregnancy, abortion and adoption. It is introduced to children in grades 7 to 12, although some of these topics can even be taught to students of grade 4. Various laws have been imposed on how sex education should be taught.

In most of the regions in India, schools ask for parent’s consent about their child’s participation in classes held for sex education. The primary focus of sex education in schools is to make the child aware about teen pregnancy and sexual health issues like STDs. Research suggests that most of the families support the idea of imparting sex education in schools to their child.

Sex education for parents:

Parents do not feel comfortable talking about sex with their children. Answering their kid’s query regarding sex makes them extremely awkward, however, this topic should not be avoided. Parents are responsible for developing healthy feelings about physical changes in their child. It is important to tell your child how their bodies will change as they mature. Topics like erection, puberty, menstruation and masturbation should be discussed with your child.

Parents should be confident while talking about sexual desires, behaviors and orientations with their child. If such topics are discussed without any hesitation, it may help a child to take responsible and healthy decisions when he/she grows up. Parents should also teach their kids about pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases and birth control methods.

Sex education for youth:

Young minds need sex education so that they can make more informed decisions in life. They should not be just taught about the biological aspects of sex but the personal, emotional, cultural and social aspects attached to it. If youth have a better understanding of all these aspects, then they can take responsible actions and have control over their desires.

Sexuality is an essential trait of personal identity. Youth must know that it is better to delay sex unless they are older to understand intimacy rather than pleasure. They should be familiar that getting physically involved with multiple partners increases the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. Sexual health is another section that should be focussed while considering sex education for youth.

Sex education information:

Sex education enables a person to gather information and motivation required for taking an informed and better decisions in terms of sexuality. The teaching and learning about topics related to sex helps in managing one’s sexual health and relationships. Sex education in general, provides information about human development which includes reproduction, puberty and gender identity.

It also exposes us to topics like sexual behaviour, abstinence, sexual health,STDs, contraception, pregnancy, gender roles and other related key concepts like human sexual anatomy, age of consent, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control and abstinence. By teaching youth and children about sex, we can make them an aware individual who can handle their emotional relations and responsibilities in a healthy way. One major controversy in the realm of sex education is whether sex education should also involve LGBT and their rights can be included into the school curriculums. LGBT sex education involves safe sex practices among gay, lesbians and transsexual persons and general information on homosexuality.

However, it is an unfortunate story, that only 20% of the LGBT students have heard anything positive about their LGBT community, and so it seems that LGBT students are more likely to hear something positive about LGBT people from social studies and history classes rather than from sex educators as of date.

Popular Questions & Answers

I had hand sex. Read somewhere that fluid contact could lead to pregnancy. My period ended just yesterday. Just to be safe feel the need to use a plan b pill but I cannot go and buy it. Is it okay if I used novelon birth control pills in an increased dosage?

M.B.B.S, Post Graduate Diploma In Maternal & Child Health
Gynaecologist, Bokaro
In what dosage have you taken it? As you had normal periods the question of pregnancy does not arise. If you are sexually active you should be aware of normal physiology of menstruation and conception. That will help you to avoid unnecessary medic...

My boyfriend was fully naked I had jeans and underwear on. His normal white discharge (not sperm) touched my jeans, later I touched my jeans to check whether I have wet on my jeans but I could hardly feel the wet from outside the jeans and I felt no wet inside the jeans. Will I get pregnant? Can I take I pill ,bcz this was happened today mrng.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, Fellowship in Assisted Reproductive technology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Burhanpur
Hello, if you will there was a pre cum contact and you are in your unsafe period, then you may opt for an emergency contraceptive pill.
1 person found this helpful

If I had sex last month and this month I missed my periods it means pregnancy. So which tablets I used this time to avoid pregnancy at this time.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Your question is not clear. If you have missed period then to do pregnancy test and if positive to meet gynecologist for termination tablets. If you had unprotected sex within last 72 hours and looking for avoiding pregnancy - emergency contracept...

Dear doctor, greetings this is naveen kumar from mumbai avoid pregnancy while having sex, we have already 2 kids and my wife interested one more but I am not interested. Please advice how to avoid pregnancy from my side.

MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Delhi
I am sorry to hear about your concern but will be happy to assist you. 9 types of contraception you can use to prevent pregnancy the condom. The oral contraceptive pill. Intrauterine device (iud. The contraceptive implant. The contraceptive inject...

I started novelon on 9th day of my cycle. And I had unprotected sex on 10th day. So I took emergency contraceptive pill within 72 hours. Now how will I continue novelon. After how long of taking emergency contraceptive I can continue novelon again?

MBBS, M.S Obstetrics & Gynaecology, F.MAS FELLOWSHIP IN MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, D. MAS Dipolma in MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, FICRS, Fellowship in COSMETIC GYNAECOLOGY, Diploma in advanced Laparoscopy for Urogynaecology & Gynaec oncology, Basic training course in minimal invasive surgery in Gynaecology, Basics of Colposcopy, Fellowship in Cosmetic Gynaecology, Certificate course in diagnostic ultrasound imaging, Certificate of hands on training in hysteroscopy, Certificate course in diabetes, Fellowship in assisted reproductive technology, Certificate program in aesthetic Medicine, Certificate of operative Hysteroscopy, Certificate course in clinical embryology
Gynaecologist, Chennai
wait for your period to come and once the period comes you can start from day 5 irrespective of the bleeding

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