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Sex Education - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Sex Education?

Sex education is an instruction therapy on issues related to human sexual behaviours, which can include emotional responsibilities and relations, sexual activities, the age of consent, human sexual anatomy, reproductive rights, reproductive age, birth control, safe sex and also about issues related to sexual abstinence.

Sex education that encompasses all these aspects as mentioned above, is known as comprehensive sex education. The common pathways of receiving sex education are caregivers, parents, public health campaigns and formal school programs for the students. Adolescent men and women in many traditional cultures were not provided with any information pertaining to sexual matters, where discussion on sex was being considered as a taboo.

How Sex Education Started :

However, the progressive movement on human rights and education during the 19th century led to the introduction of social hygiene in the North American school curriculums, which is the advent of sex education on a global platform. The need for sex education was also heightened by the increasing incidence of teenage pregnancies, particularly in the western part of the world after the 1960s.

As a part of the effort of each country to reduce such pregnancies, extensive programs on sex education were programmed and also introduced, which was initially strongly opposed by parents and also by the religious groups. Later with the AIDS outbreak, which became a global issue, gave a new sense of urgency to this stream of education.

More About Sex Education :

Sex education was used as a vital public health strategy for fighting this deadly disease in many African, Asian and South American countries.

Today sex education is taught informally, such as when someone receives information about sex and sexual behaviours and risks from a conversation with friends, parents, religious leaders or even through the media. Sex education in this modern world can also be delivered by magazine advice columnists, sex self-help authors, sex columnists, or several multilingual sex education websites. In India, there are several programs which promote sex education which includes information on AIDS in public education, schools and advertising campaigns. One major controversy in the realm of sex education is whether sex education should also involve LGBT and their rights can be included into the school curriculums. LGBT sex education involves safe sex practices among gay, lesbians and transsexual persons and general information on homosexuality.

However, it is an unfortunate story, that only 20% of the LGBT students have heard anything positive about their LGBT community, and so it seems that LGBT students are more likely to hear something positive about LGBT people from social studies and history classes rather than from sex educators as of date.

Popular Health Tips

Sex During Pregnancy - Visit A Sexologist And Know All!

Gynaecologist, Delhi
Sex During Pregnancy - Visit A Sexologist And Know All!

Sexology, by definition, refers to a scientific study of human sexuality to include sexual functions, interests, and behaviors. A clinical sexologist deals with the treatment of sexual and relationship issues. It covers all aspects to include biological, psychological, sociological, and historical information. A sexologist is more commonly known as a sex therapist. With sex life slowing down with pregnancy, there are many questions that people have. Read on to know some of these and their brief answers.

Is it safe to have sex during pregnancy?
– A healthy sex life through pregnancy is encouraged, to keep the relationship healthy and happy. In many cases, not having an active sex life can be a cause of rifts.

We were not aware about the pregnancy, so we continued with normal sex life, is that okay?
– It is perfectly okay, as sex is considered safe throughout pregnancy until the water breaks. Of course, the physical comfort of the woman should be taken into account, else there is no harm to an active sex life. With increased levels of estrogens and progesterone in the blood, the woman wants to have more sex but is often scared.

What positions are better during pregnancy?
- Any position which does not add pressure on the belly. Spooning, woman on top, and other positions which the couple finds comfortable can be used without any harm.

Till what stage of pregnancy can we have sex?
- From a medical point of view, sex is allowed until the water breaks. However, the physical comfort of the woman should be taken into account. Not adding pressure on the belly is advisable.

Do uterine or gynecologic problems would mean a complete no-no to sex?
- If you have a normal pregnancy, then there are no medical limitations to an active sex life. However, if the pregnancy has complications, then you should be extra-cautious. For instance, a placenta previa where the placenta has slid down. Secondly, cervical insufficiency, expected premature labor, abdominal pains, dilated cervix, unexplained vaginal bleeding, and ruptured waters are conditions where sex is absolutely not allowed. There could also be where the male is having urinary infections.

What are some things to keep in mind when it comes to sex during pregnancy?
- It is completely normal to feel a strong urge to have sex during pregnancy. The increased hormone levels are responsible for this. In addition, some vaginal bleeding is also normal with sex. There is no harm to the baby with sex, which is fully protected in the womb. Be frank to discuss any concerns with your doctor and get your doubts clarified.

55 people found this helpful

Vasectomy - 5 Myths Debunked!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS - General Surgery , Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
General Surgeon, Delhi
Vasectomy - 5 Myths Debunked!

Vasectomy is synonymous with sterilizations and is one of the most stress-free procedures for couples who want to limit their chances of pregnancy and child birth. It is a process that has been perfected over the years and is still the most reliable method to avoid impregnation. However, there are still some myths and allegories associated with it. Though these have considerably reduced in the modern age, there are still some pockets of the world where this is prevalent. Come, let us take a look at some misconceptions and myths regarding vasectomy and the actual truth behind them.

Myth 1: Your sexual performance gets affected.
This is one of the most common misconceptions that are associated with a vasectomy. This is the number one reason why many men are hesitant to go for it fearing that their sex life could get hindered leading to nonperformance.

Truth: This is incorrect. The idea behind a vasectomy is to avoid pregnancy, and there is no reason as to why it would hamper your sex life. You will be able to lead an active sex life, and semen production will also be normal.

Myth 2: Testosterone production will be nil after vasectomy
Sperms are made in the testicles, and hence this myth came into existence that once a vasectomy is performed, you would be unable to produce any sperms and testosterone.

Truth: The simple truth is the myth is entirely baseless. Your sperm production is never eliminated and only your tube for the distribution of sperms is closed by a vasectomy. Hence it in no way affects your sperm production. A vasectomy does not have any effect on the production of testosterone.

Myth 3: Vasectomies stops sperm production
Many people assume fertility with sperm production. Hence once a vasectomy procedure eliminates the fertility aspect your sperm production automatically stops.

Truth: No. This is incorrect. Vasectomies never stop sperm production. They only restrict the sperms from entering into the semen. Sperms have a lifespan of about four days. Hence it is only natural that they are removed and replaced.

Myth 4: You are completely sterile post the surgery
It is easy to assume that you are sterile after you have the surgery. There is no way that having sex can lead to a pregnancy.

Truth: While there is a lot of truth in the above, there can be some instances of live sperms below the procedure point. The complete process of sterility can take about 4 to 5 weeks to occur and for all the sperms to get relinquished. Hence it is safe to not have sex for these weeks. It is also safe to get a semen analysis post the surgery.

Myth 5: Vasectomies are fool proof sterility methods
The high success rates in the procedure have made everyone believe that vasectomy is the sure shot to infertility. It is also 100% efficient.

Truth: While it is true that a vasectomy has a high success rate it is certainly not 100%. There can be instances where there are failures in a vasectomy, and this will not curtail your sterility. There are even known cases when couples have been able to conceive even after a vasectomy. Though the chances are extremely high of becoming sterile, the procedure is not fool proof.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2244 people found this helpful

Are You Having Issues In Sex Life? Know The Possible Reasons Behind It!

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, MBA (Healthcare)
Psychiatrist, Davanagere
Are You Having Issues In Sex Life? Know The Possible Reasons Behind It!

Physical intimacy between couples can be something that can never be judged based on their relation. Many factors can hamper the satisfaction of the people involved, and you would have said that at least one point of time in your life that the zest has fiddled out. Do not fret as you are not alone. You are voicing something which billions of couples would have expressed at some point in time in their life. In a long-term relationship, the partners can almost complain about the same things which they believe is needed to make their physical intimacy to work out even more.

There are enough diseases and infections related to sex that can physically veer a couple from having a healthy intimacy. Add to that; there are many psychological parts too that can hamper a robust and active sexual life. Thanks to the times we live in almost all the sexual diseases and infections can be treated and kept at bay. However, the psychological imbalances have to be adequately addressed and channeled using the right medium. It can be very beneficial to consult a sex therapist for the underlying problems and more often it can be better if the sessions are had as a couple. Let us look at a few of the symptoms that can lead to issues in bed:

  1. Laziness: The intimacy cannot have the desired result if you find that if you or partner is lagging in the enthusiasm. Boredom can easily set in, and this can easily have an effect on how physical you are. Talk this out with a therapist and try to look for ways in which the laziness and the routine can be reduced.
  2. Body Image: It is true that a body image can be one of the factors for a good sex life, but as we age we tend to get loose and do not make an effort to keep our body fit. This, in turn, can affect the intimacy has the partners can lose interest in each other as a couple. Have a healthy lifestyle and stay away from foods that can hamper your wellbeing. Exercise regularly and keep surprising each other.
  3. Exhaustion and Stress: Needless to say this one factor and the modern times have been the main culprit for making you have issues in bed. Our work nature has forced to work 24/7 sometimes leaving us little time for other crucial intricacies of life. This has left us with a void and has made a dent in our space and the way we react to a sexual urge. The only way by which this can be minimized is by having a good work life balance and by giving the needed importance to the relationship. Remember that your work is not important than your physical well-being, and if your nature of the work is the cause of your ailments, then it is high time you think about changing it.
  4. Communicate: More importantly, talk to a counselor about the problem you face and about your anxiety levels. Try having an open communication between you and your spouse and know your interest quotients. It is not wrong to appraise each other as far as physical intimacy s concerned. Remember that an open mind is always the fostering channel for dissolving the issues in bed. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2940 people found this helpful

Trichomonas Vaginalis - Ways You Can Prevent Yourself!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gynae-Laproscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Trichomonas Vaginalis - Ways You Can Prevent Yourself!

Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is sometimes referred to as trichomonas or trichomoniasis, or shortened to TV. The term trichomonas is used here. 

If you are suffering from trichomonas vaginalis, it is important for you to know about protecting yourself against this condition. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by an organism known as trichomonas vaginalis. This disease is more common in women than in men. Men too can get infected and pass on the infection to their sexual partners.

Signs & Symptoms-

Up to half of infected men and women will not have any signs or symptoms at all. Signs and symptoms usually show up within a month of coming into contact with trichomonas. You might notice:


  1. Soreness, inflammation and itching in and around the vagina. This can cause discomfort when having sex.
  2. A change in vaginal discharge – there may be a small amount or a lot, and it may be thick or thin, or frothy and yellow. You may also notice a strong smell that may be unpleasant.
  3. Pain when passing urine.


  1. A discharge from the penis, which may be thin and whitish.
  2. Pain, or a burning sensation, when passing urine.
  3. Inflammation of the foreskin (this is uncommon).

A physical examination and certain laboratory tests are carried out for the diagnosis of trichomonas’s. Tests are carried out on a sample of the vaginal fluid to find out disease-causing parasites. It is harder to detect the parasite in men, than in women.

Commonly, a certain oral antibiotic is prescribed for treating trichomonas’s. It is the only medicine used for this purpose, but should be avoided by pregnant women. If you are infected, your partner should also be treated at the same time for the prevention of reinfection and further spreading. If you are undergoing treatment for trichomonas’s, it is advised that you avoid having sex until the treatment gets over and all symptoms get eliminated. You should take your medicine even if you improve and after the symptoms are gone. A retest should be carried out after three months to know about the infection’s status.

You can prevent or protect yourself from trichomonas’s vaginalis by taking the following steps:

  • Have protected sex by using condoms every time.
  • Sexual abstinence or limiting your sexual contact to one partner is recommended.
  • Avoid sexual contact if you think you are affected.

You should consult a doctor on experiencing any genital symptoms such as burning urination, discharge, and the development of sores or rashes. Also, you must stop having sex with anyone after experiencing these symptoms. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3589 people found this helpful

Intrauterine Devices(IUDs) - Know Its Different Types And Their Uses!

Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Intrauterine Devices(IUDs) - Know Its Different Types And Their Uses!

An IUD is usually a T-shaped plastic device wrapped in copper. It can also contain hormones. An IUD gets inserted into the uterus, and a plastic string is tied to one end of the IUD that hangs down via cervix, into the vagina. One can feel the IUD in place by feeling the string. The string is also used for the removal of an IUD. 

There are two major types of IUDs: 

Hormonal IUDs 
• This type of IUD releases Levonorgestrel, a progestin hormone. 
• A hormonal IUD is considered to be a little more effective than the other type of IUDs. 
• It usually prevents pregnancy for about five years. 

Copper IUD 
• This is the most common form of IUD in which a copper wire is wrapped around the stem of the IUD. 
• This form of IUD can stay in place for around three, five or ten years (depending upon type) and is considered to be an effective contraception method. Some Copper IUDs are semicircular in shape. 

How IUDs work? 
• Both forms of IUDs prevent the fertilisation by adversely affecting the local environment of uterine cavity and also eggs & sperms. 
• The uterine lining, where the fertilised egg implants itself and grows is also affected. 

Hormonal IUD 
• Hormonal IUDs work by preventing fertilization, which is carried out by adversely affecting sperms and making the mucus present in cervix sticky and thick. 
• This makes it difficult for sperm to reach the uterus. It also helps in keeping the endometrium or uterus lining from growing excessively thick. 

• The hormones present in this IUD reduce menstrual cramping and menstrual bleeding

Copper IUD 
• Copper is toxic for sperms. This type of IUD makes fallopian tubes and uterus produce certain fluids which adversely affect sperms. 
• White blood cells are contained in this fluid along with copper ions, prostaglandins, and enzymes. 

• IUDs can be inserted during any time when you are not pregnant or do not suffer from pelvic infections. However, it is preferable to insert it during or just after the menstrual period. 
• The insertion process of IUDs is simple and does not take much time. Usually, no local anaesthetic is used during the procedure. 
• The insertion of IUDs is easier in women who have delivered normally. 

Mild cramping and some amount of light bleeding or spotting are likely to be expected for a few days after the insertion of an IUD. You should avoid having sex, using tampons, or putting anything in your vagina for at least one day after the procedure. It is advisable for you to visit your doctor from time to time after the insertion procedure.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2553 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am fifth month pregnant lady .while having sex when my husband sucks nipples gel type liquid comes from my nipples. Is everything normal? And please suggest any cream for pregnancy scars.

MBBS, DNB, Fellowship in Infertility
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
You mean stretch marks. You can apply olive oil or coconut oil. Stretchnil cream. Mostly nothing works once developed. you can prevent new ones. Please do not touch nipple more. It will increase milk formation. Any query contact me.
2 people found this helpful

We both partners are virgin. As I always try to enter vagina, I lose erection as its tough to get inside her for the first time. I'm suffering from anxiety and fear so I will not able to maintain erection for long time. Please help so I can do intercourse sex with my wife and let her satisfied. Please suggest me.

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship of Indian Association of Gastrointestinal Endo Surgeons (FIAGES)
General Surgeon, Meerut
Its quite natural to face such problem in initial phase, you should spend more time on foreplay and try to enjoy it rather than jumping to intercourse, with time and co-operation of partner things will get better.
2 people found this helpful

Hello Doc. I had unprotected sex with a female on october 5th this year it's been over 60 days and I have no symptoms. 5 weeks after possible infection I took an rapid hiv test (15 minutes) and it was negative. As I said, I have no symptoms at all. Should I be worried? And still take the 3 month test?

MBBS, PG Diploma (HIV Medicines)
HIV Specialist, Surat
You have to do right kind of test at right time there is one concept of Window period that means if some infective micro organism enter into our body and you test on next day your report comes negative even even micro organism present in your body. Test will come positive after overturn number of day, weeks or months onky every disease and every test have different window period hiv 1 pro viral dna QUALITATIVE test has window period of 17 days that means you have to do this test only after 17 days to get accurate result HIV DUO has 3 month window period RAPID HIV ELISA AND OTHER CARD TEST HAS 6 month window period same way HBsAg, HCV and VDRL has window period of 3 month so you have to do it after 3 month of exposure.
1 person found this helpful

Hello doctor I had unprotected anal sex (as bottom) with my friend, he is hiv negative and I also negative, so what is the risk factor to infected to hiv. Please tell me about cure.

MBBS, PG Diploma (HIV Medicines)
HIV Specialist, Surat
You can say you both are negative if you both went for hiv 1 pro viral dna qualitative test before more than 17 days after that test none of you had sex with any other one.

Table of Content

What is Sex Education?

How Sex Education Started :

More About Sex Education :

Play video
Depression And Its Associated Factors
Good morning everyone, this is Dr Anuneet Sabharwal, the consultant Psychiatrist at Infinity Clinic. Today I am going to talk about Depression.

We feel sad from time to time. But Clinical Depression is a kind of sadness which impairs our day to day functioning is higher intensity and lasts for a prolonged period of time.

How do we diagnose a case of Clinical Depression?

A person typically feels persistent sad as decreased energy, leading to lethargy, has decreased in lack of enjoyment in daily activities and some of the other symptoms which may be present are decreased self-esteem, low sex drive, sleeping, appetite disorder, feelings of guilt and unworthiness, suicidal thoughts along with the weight gain or loss in thelast 2-3months. All of these symptoms should be present 2-3 weeks dor make diagnosis od Clinical Depression.

What causes Depression?

It can either be genetic, environmental or a stressful event. Whatever be the cause, the end result is a clinical imbalance which we seek to treat. Now we know what causes depression.

How do we treat depression?

It is divided into 2 categories,

Pharmacological - In Pharmacological management, we have medicines through which we can correct the imbalance in the brain. There are many medications available which can help in treating Depression.
Non-Pharmacological- THis involves Psycho-THerapy which is also called as counselling during which a person seeks help and share their troubles.
Some of the other measures which you can take to get rid of Depression are to take adequate sleep, adequate exercise, regular diet.
In extreme cases of Depression, shock therapy may be suggested.
If you like to consult me, you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you.

Play video
Sexual Related Problems In Teenage
There are few problems noticed in teenage related to sexology due to unhealthy diet or lack of proper sleep or even stress - its important to improve your lifestyle by indulging yourselves in yoga and exercises to stay fit and improve your sexual life.
Play video
Sexual Health: What You Need To Know?
There are various factors that impact one's performance in bed - one of the major being performance anxiety. Its important not to avoid any such issues faced and get in touch with a good doctor for counselling / treatment.
Play video
Importance Of Sex
Hello! This is Dr. Sudhir Bhola. Today I would like to share some information regarding the importance of sex in our life. Here in India, unfortunately, sex has got only importance up to having children. This is not good and this is not true. Actually, sex is as important as having food. Food gives nourishment to our body whereas sex that is to be more specific, ejaculation in case of men and orgasms in case of women is nourishment to not only body but our mind as well. 90% of the people I see are having the guilt of masturbation. They say we have done masturbation, we were into bad habit, we were into bad company, this, that because mostly all the children they get into this first ejaculation that is accidental.

When they enjoy it, they do it again and again. Now again this is lack of knowledge. What is good and what is bad for it? In fact, how frequently you do that matters a lot and how you do it is again a matter of concern. If you do it in a wrong way, that is by rubbing your organ against the bed or rubbing it by just your fingers is very fatal and it can lead to permanent impotence. It can damage your corpus cavernosum, which is a spongy tissue, which gets an erection. At the same time, overindulgence into masturbation that is too frequent masturbation leads to premature ejaculation. Premature ejaculation is caused mainly because of masturbation. Over and excessive masturbation.

Now I will like to tell what is the right way of masturbation. It is very simple. You have to stroke it to and fro as if you are penetrating the vagina. That is the way you should do the masturbation and you will never have erectile dysfunction due to masturbation. Well, what is the good and healthy frequency of masturbation? That is the best thing is once a week or at the most twice a week. That is quite healthy, it is not going to harm you. But at the same time, I would like to tell you one thing that vaginal intercourse has got no substitute that is the best.

One more thing I would add to today s discussion, that is why do people go for marriage too late? So one should consider getting married at the right age so that you should get proper sexual intercourse. Actually, we suffer due to lack of knowledge, and proper knowledge about whatever the subject is there, and in this case, it is sex and its knowledge. But here it is kudos to lybrate, it is coming up really fast and is helping a lot of patients and rather who are not even patients but they consider they are suffering from any kind of disease. So anybody has any kind of queries can get in touch with me through Lybrate.
Play video
Low Sexual Desire In Women
Hello Friends!

Welcome once again! I'm Dr. Hitesh Shah, a sexologist from Mumbai. So, our today's topic is low sexual desire in women. Well, this is a very common problem amongst our Indian population specially. The reasons are many. If we try to understand, why does a woman feel low desire or less interest in sex, we need to evaluate it at various level. Of course, there are women who have constitutionally low sexual desire but are few. Most of them have either psychological factors or relationship factors or many of them also have medical or hormonal factors. So, let's try to understand them in detail. Now, we must rule out all possible medical factors. Whenever a woman, especially when they come after marriage, the couple is frustrated/depressed because the woman feels she's not able to respond to her husband. Husband tries to cope up, tries to cooperate.

He's very understanding, but at the end of the day he's a man, he's a human being. He has his own desire and passion, he doesn't get response from wife so he's also frustrated. Many years pass through for many couple. Sometimes they come when they have pressure to conceive babies, sex life is just forgotten. So, even for conceiving, they need sex and the wife just doesn't feel the desire to have sex. And all of these also leads to various marital issues, disharmony, fights, quarrels or extramarital affair by husband or depression in wife or husband. So, it's very important that this problem is quickly communicated between the couple and they come to the doctor for the right treatment. Once the diagnosis is made, treatment is possible. So the common medical factors are any chronic disorders or disease in the system, person tends to feel low desire. Common hormonal problem in women like PCOS, hyperthyroidism and low haemoglobin - anaemia which are very common apart from diabetes which also cause low desire along with some lubrication disorders. So these are very common medical factors, so first we evaluate whether there are any medical factors or not.

If not, we simultaneously try to understand in detail the psychological relationship aspect. As for psychological reasons are concerned, we understand the makeup of the woman, the personality, the upbringing, the attitude, and the cognitive factors of the woman about sex. There are women who feel sex is bad, sinful, is just for having baby and something what animals do so one shouldn't indulge in sex except for having a baby. There are women who have negative impact about sex because they heard somebody s experience of painful first night, or they have seen rape scenes in television or a movie or they have heard someone's experience which is very painful and they develop a kind of disinterest or aversion or they start camouflaging their own sexual desire. There are women who are very psychologically shy or reserve so they don't explore their own sexuality or they are also not free or they are too much controlled by their husband in the bed so their desire don't really come up and they also feel really ashamed that if they would feel free on the bed, then what would their husband think! So, these are all psychological complex or controls which a woman develops within herself.

It also can be her forced marriage, they don't want to marry the guy but are forced and they don't develop the sexual interest. There are few women who are probably having a lesbian orientation, the attraction for only same-sex so they don't indulge in sexual desires for the opposite sex. Then, there are relationship issues between husband and wife. They feel alone or left out, or not being loved by the their husband or not respected by their husband or issues within the joint family or in-laws. All these keep them indulged in stressed out situations. There are also working women who are working entire day, the kitchen, and they really feel fatigue after the entire day. There can be vitamin deficiency also, these can be due to lack of nutrition, so these all stresses are phases that every woman passes through at some stage of their life. And the stress leads to low desire in woman.

There are women who don't want to have baby so show less interest in sex. Also, they are women who want to conceive and there is more conceiving pressure than enjoying sex life. So, there are multiple reasons why women can have low sexual desires. There can be multiple factors as stated above. Any of these factors in given case, we can help the women out in experiencing the desire, we can help the couple out once, when diagnosed. Also, what is important is the sexual chemistry in the bed. What kind of foreplay they do, how husband is taking interest in woman, how he's boosting his self image as lots of woman lose their self image. They feel less appealing, less attractive, questioning whether their husband likes them or not or if, are attracted to someone else. These self esteem issues lead to low sexual desire. In short, we evaluate all these factors in every case and try to help the woman as an individual and both of them as the couple. So, problem can be sorted out and you both can get back to your privileges of happy marriage. Right? So all the best to you and in case of any queries or concern, you're welcome to meet us at Lybrate platform. I'm Dr. Hitesh Shah once again. See you again with some more educational videos.

Thank you!
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice