What is Sex Education?
Sex education is an instruction therapy on issues related to human sexual behaviours, which can include emotional responsibilities and relations, sexual activities, the age of consent, human sexual anatomy, reproductive rights, reproductive age, birth control, safe sex and also about issues related to sexual abstinence.
Sex education that encompasses all these aspects as mentioned above, is known as comprehensive sex education. The common pathways of receiving sex education are caregivers, parents, public health campaigns and formal school programs for the students. Adolescent men and women in many traditional cultures were not provided with any information pertaining to sexual matters, where discussion on sex was being considered as a taboo.
How Sex Education Started :
However, the progressive movement on human rights and education during the 19th century led to the introduction of social hygiene in the North American school curriculums, which is the advent of sex education on a global platform. The need for sex education was also heightened by the increasing incidence of teenage pregnancies, particularly in the western part of the world after the 1960s.
As a part of the effort of each country to reduce such pregnancies, extensive programs on sex education were programmed and also introduced, which was initially strongly opposed by parents and also by the religious groups. Later with the AIDS outbreak, which became a global issue, gave a new sense of urgency to this stream of education.
More About Sex Education :
Today sex education is taught informally, such as when someone receives information about sex and sexual behaviours and risks from a conversation with friends, parents, religious leaders or even through the media. Sex education in this modern world can also be delivered by magazine advice columnists, sex self-help authors, sex columnists, or several multilingual sex education websites. In India, there are several programs which promote sex education which includes information on AIDS in public education, schools and advertising campaigns. One major controversy in the realm of sex education is whether sex education should also involve LGBT and their rights can be included into the school curriculums. LGBT sex education involves safe sex practices among gay, lesbians and transsexual persons and general information on homosexuality.
However, it is an unfortunate story, that only 20% of the LGBT students have heard anything positive about their LGBT community, and so it seems that LGBT students are more likely to hear something positive about LGBT people from social studies and history classes rather than from sex educators as of date.
In today’s modern era, fast paced society, it is very very common for people to become stressed. In fact, one would almost think that if you aren’t stressed out, there is something wrong with you! Realistically its not a good thing for our bodies in general, and has a major impact on your fertility potential. One may or may not realize the stress factor.
How can Stress affect your Fertility?
Research tells us that stress boosts levels of stress related hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol, which can inhibit the release of the body’s main reproductive hormone, GnRH (gonadotropin releasing hormone), which is responsible for the release of sex hormones. Subsequently this may suppress ovulation in women, reduce sperm count in men and lower libido in both women and men. Adrenaline,which is a stress relieving hormone and gives your body the rush to face the stress. This hormone alters progesterone levels, which is essential for fertility. Caffeine reduces Prolactin hormone levels, which interferes with ovulation and fertilization. Hence its essential that your stress & anxiety levels are under control.
Chronic Stress also decreases libido:
Chronic stress may cause lack of libido as well as a decrease in general fertility. This has become so common that ,it has been specially termed as 'Stress Induced Reproductive Dysfunction'. Every couple should try to work towards reducing stress levels at work place and home, while going for fertility treatment.
Ways to reduce stress & improve fertility:
If you are having difficulty to conceive, it's imperative that you evaluate your lifestyle and look for the stress factors. Remember defeating the stress may be the solution to your worries.
Reduce stress : The issues in your life may be work or relationship related. You need to learn to balance your personal and professional life. The sooner you do it the better; after all you are preparing yourself to welcome a new born in your life.
Change your reactions: Get a hang of the situation and react accordingly. Over reaction to a situation can harm your body and mind. Stop bothering about every small thing in life.
Let few things be the way they are: Stop getting bothered about people who matter the least in life. Remember, most of the things will fall in place. Let few things be the way they are.
Make it your habit to reduce stress: Call it an obsession or a practice, train your mind to choose practical and possible solutions which will be less stressfull..
Please note that if your fertility reports are normal, then it's just a matter of time. Be calm and composed so that you are able to face the rough waters clearly with your partner. Finally, follow advice of your Fertility Specialists with sincerity & determination.
We consider ourselves to be ‘modern and ‘open’ in our perspectives, thoughts and beliefs, but still, there are lots of issues that prevail in our society which people are not comfortable to talk about or afraid to discuss those issues openly with others. Issues related to sex, sexual desires, sexual orientations, sexual preferences are among those issues which are not easily discussed in our society.
Sex is the most basic of acts for human beings. It's an instinct we all are born with. Though people around the world remain hung over sex's moral and political implications, we all can come to at least one consensus that it is why we are alive today and our future generations will always depend on it in the first place.
A child, in his or her growing years, especially during adolescence, develops lots of curiosity related to sexual desires. The reason for it is also biological, as a child in this stage goes through various physical and hormonal changes and they start sensing these desires from inside. But when they try to express their queries, feelings or desires, our stigmatized society pulls them back. Gradually they develop a belief system that ‘sex' is something forbidden and not to be discussed openly.
Eventually, when they grow up and the time comes when they are supposed to address their own sexual needs, desires or impulses, they face challenges because of this inculcated belief systems.
Sexual Arousal Disorder: In this condition, both men and women can develop an aversion to and/or avoidance of sexual contact with their partner. Lack of sexual excitement and pleasure in sexual activity.
Sexual Desire Disorder: Lack or absence for some period of time of sexual desire or libido for sexual activity or of sexual fantasies.
Erectile Dysfunction: Inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis.
Premature Ejaculation: In this condition, ejaculation occurs before the partner achieves orgasm. Men, in this condition, generally expresses that they have less or no control over ejaculation. The opposite condition to this is Delayed Ejaculation, where there is an inability for or persistent difficulty in achieving orgasm, despite sexual desire and sexual stimulation.
Orgasm Disorder: This condition is commonly found in women, characterized by persistent delays or absence of orgasm.
Sexual Pain Disorder: It is also commonly found among women and also known as Dyspareunia (painful intercourse) and Vaginismus (an involuntary spasm of the muscles of the vaginal wall causing difficulty in intercourse).
The cause behind these conditions can be sometimes physiological, but it has been seen that in most of the cases, there are some or other underlying psychological factors leading to those conditions.
Young adults, even in this era, find it difficult to talk about their sexual orientations, sexual preferences, their first intercourse, difficulty with sexual desires, difficulties or queries related masturbation or problem in ejaculation or any other sexual dysfunctionalities. One reason for this hesitation may be a ‘fear of rejection' that young adults face due to the inflexible social norms.
Many sexual issues that an individual face maybe because of some physical problems or a change in one's life circumstances. Causes of many sexual problems or disorders are also not well-known or understood. Treatments are available like medications or psychotherapeutic interventions, but to seek those help people should accept and open up with their concerns.
Sexology, by definition, refers to a scientific study of human sexuality to include sexual functions, interests, and behaviors. A clinical sexologist deals with the treatment of sexual and relationship issues. It covers all aspects to include biological, psychological, sociological, and historical information. A sexologist is more commonly known as a sex therapist. With sex life slowing down with pregnancy, there are many questions that people have. Read on to know some of these and their brief answers.
Is it safe to have sex during pregnancy?
– A healthy sex life through pregnancy is encouraged, to keep the relationship healthy and happy. In many cases, not having an active sex life can be a cause of rifts.
We were not aware about the pregnancy, so we continued with normal sex life, is that okay?
– It is perfectly okay, as sex is considered safe throughout pregnancy until the water breaks. Of course, the physical comfort of the woman should be taken into account, else there is no harm to an active sex life. With increased levels of estrogens and progesterone in the blood, the woman wants to have more sex but is often scared.
What positions are better during pregnancy?
- Any position which does not add pressure on the belly. Spooning, woman on top, and other positions which the couple finds comfortable can be used without any harm.
Till what stage of pregnancy can we have sex?
- From a medical point of view, sex is allowed until the water breaks. However, the physical comfort of the woman should be taken into account. Not adding pressure on the belly is advisable.
Do uterine or gynecologic problems would mean a complete no-no to sex?
- If you have a normal pregnancy, then there are no medical limitations to an active sex life. However, if the pregnancy has complications, then you should be extra-cautious. For instance, a placenta previa where the placenta has slid down. Secondly, cervical insufficiency, expected premature labor, abdominal pains, dilated cervix, unexplained vaginal bleeding, and ruptured waters are conditions where sex is absolutely not allowed. There could also be where the male is having urinary infections.
What are some things to keep in mind when it comes to sex during pregnancy?
- It is completely normal to feel a strong urge to have sex during pregnancy. The increased hormone levels are responsible for this. In addition, some vaginal bleeding is also normal with sex. There is no harm to the baby with sex, which is fully protected in the womb. Be frank to discuss any concerns with your doctor and get your doubts clarified.
Vasectomy is synonymous with sterilizations and is one of the most stress-free procedures for couples who want to limit their chances of pregnancy and child birth. It is a process that has been perfected over the years and is still the most reliable method to avoid impregnation. However, there are still some myths and allegories associated with it. Though these have considerably reduced in the modern age, there are still some pockets of the world where this is prevalent. Come, let us take a look at some misconceptions and myths regarding vasectomy and the actual truth behind them.
Myth 1: Your sexual performance gets affected.
This is one of the most common misconceptions that are associated with a vasectomy. This is the number one reason why many men are hesitant to go for it fearing that their sex life could get hindered leading to nonperformance.
Truth: This is incorrect. The idea behind a vasectomy is to avoid pregnancy, and there is no reason as to why it would hamper your sex life. You will be able to lead an active sex life, and semen production will also be normal.
Myth 2: Testosterone production will be nil after vasectomy
Sperms are made in the testicles, and hence this myth came into existence that once a vasectomy is performed, you would be unable to produce any sperms and testosterone.
Truth: The simple truth is the myth is entirely baseless. Your sperm production is never eliminated and only your tube for the distribution of sperms is closed by a vasectomy. Hence it in no way affects your sperm production. A vasectomy does not have any effect on the production of testosterone.
Myth 3: Vasectomies stops sperm production
Many people assume fertility with sperm production. Hence once a vasectomy procedure eliminates the fertility aspect your sperm production automatically stops.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Physical intimacy between couples can be something that can never be judged based on their relation. Many factors can hamper the satisfaction of the people involved, and you would have said that at least one point of time in your life that the zest has fiddled out. Do not fret as you are not alone. You are voicing something which billions of couples would have expressed at some point in time in their life. In a long-term relationship, the partners can almost complain about the same things which they believe is needed to make their physical intimacy to work out even more.
There are enough diseases and infections related to sex that can physically veer a couple from having a healthy intimacy. Add to that; there are many psychological parts too that can hamper a robust and active sexual life. Thanks to the times we live in almost all the sexual diseases and infections can be treated and kept at bay. However, the psychological imbalances have to be adequately addressed and channeled using the right medium. It can be very beneficial to consult a sex therapist for the underlying problems and more often it can be better if the sessions are had as a couple. Let us look at a few of the symptoms that can lead to issues in bed:
What is Sex Education?
How Sex Education Started :
More About Sex Education :