Bone structure is a partial or a complete break in your bone. Fracture mostly acknowledged as broken bone takes place with the change in contour of any bone. The basic symptoms of bone fracture are abnormal swelling, high pain or deformity in the structure. You won’t be able to move the injured part of the body. Often in severe cases, you might experience bone poking inside your skin. Basically bone fracture takes place if you get hurt severely or even slip and hit something heavy. Bone can also get fractured if you fall down from height like while climbing a tree, or slipping down from stairs. There are various categories of bone fracture that includes complete and incomplete bone fracture and compound and simple bon structure. Complete fracture indicates that the bone got snapped in two or moreparts whereas incomplete fracture is where the bone gets a crack but do notface a complete breakage.
On the other hand, compound fracture is where the bone tries to break through the skin of the patient. For simple bone fracture, the bone undergoes breakage but does not penetrates through the skin. The treatment often requires surgery and long term medication.Even in some cases, psychotherapy is also required to recover completely.
If you experience symptoms that indicate bone fracture in any part of your body, do not avoid it. Go to doctor right away and he would prescribe you to undergo a X ray test. The X ray report will provide the exactcondition of the bone and its injuries. Depending on the report of your X ray, the doctor would decide whether to conduct a surgery or using immobilizer, slings would do the needful. In can of surgery, devices like rods, plates and even screws are utilised. On the other hand, in case of cases that do not require surgery, they are advised to use sling that would not allow any movement of broken arm and let it heal eventually. After surgery, the patients are advised to take complete rest for few weeks so that the patient gets habituated with the external object in the body. However, the surgery is completely dependent on the health conditions of the patient. For instance, high blood sugar and pressure highly influences the surgery. Without normal sugar and blood pressure, surgery conducted is highly vulnerable to risk and may lead to adverse situations. Often closed reduction is done in case of misplacement in the alignment. In this case, a general anaesthesia is done and a cast is placed to hold the bone in that alignment. However, depending on the patient nature of the case, the external objects to be inserted are chosen. These objects are required to remove after a certain period of time like 2 or 3 years when the fracture is cured. Along with that, the patient needs to be under medication that would escalate the curing process.
There remains so such eligibility for bone fracture. It may take place to people of any age structure. Often children get their bone fractured while playing and on the other hand middle aged and old aged people even meet accidents and severe fracture may lead to surgery. However, the treatments are conducted in respect to the age of the patient like hildren recovers faster than teenagers and middle aged patients. Again, conducting surgery for old aged patients often turns risky.
If you seem to meet an accident and get your bone fractured, you will either be prescribed to use slings or undergo surgery depending on the intensity of the injury. After getting your surgery done, you might face several side effects.
Some of these are over swelling, pain or even bruising. Added to that, you may face complications while conducting surgery for bone fracture that is rare and that would include bleeding, blood clots, and severe allergic reactions for patients who suffer from anaesthesia. You also remain vulnerable to infections if you had complications during the surgery.
After you are done with the surgery of your fractured bone, you must follow few strict rules in your daily life. Along with that, you must maintain a frequent coordination with the doctor and continue medication. It is extremely necessary to abide to these rules otherwise it may lead to adverse effects.
You are not allowed to pull heavy things like rearranging furniture, carrying luggage bags etc. You are advised not to take up much physical work and make your daily tasks easier.
The recovery span is entirely dependent on how severe the fracture is. In case of small cracks, it gets recovered within 2 to 3 weeks. However, children recover faster within 3 weeks whereas teenagers and middle aged people takes around 6 weeks to attain full recovery. In some cases of severe injury full recovery takes around 10 weeks.
The average cost of bone fracture treatment in India ranges from 700 INR to 500000 INR. It basically depends on the severity of the condition.
The results of the treatment on bone fracture is permanent only if you follow the post-surgery regulations. Along with that, proper medication and psychotherapy is required to adopt.
Some alternative treatment for bone fracture is to avail Ayurveda process of medication that are entirely prepared from natural products. Even home remedy like using turmeric, constant use of ice, black caraway and sesame seeds and castor seeds acts as a catalyst in the recovering process. A complete rest is essential during this time.
When there is a fracture of the bone, the affected site may be plastered for the fracture to heal. In some cases, this may not be enough to mend the bones and surgery may be required along with bone grafting to rectify the condition. A new form of therapy, involving a less invasive procedure has been developed. It involves culturing the stem cells and using the same to mend and regenerate parts of the bone.
What does the treatment involve?
In this process, one cultures cells from the patient’s body. The cells are extracted from the bone marrow. These cells are cultured in the lab and injected back to the affected region of the body. Research has shown that after the injection, the treatment takes anywhere between 7 to 8 weeks to repair the fracture completely.
Since stem cells are being harvested from the patient and not from a third-party, the treatment does not have any ethical constraints. However, more studies are being conducted to prove without a doubt that the same does not cause any damage to the body of the patient in the long run.
It is likely that this procedure will replace rudimentary surgical techniques, such as bone harvesting, in the future. It is far less invasive and does not result in extreme pain or prolonged hospitalization.
The future of the treatment:
While stem cell culture has been around for a few years now, the use of the same procedure to treat fractures is The Latest Technology. It is in its early stages, which is why such a form of treatment is not offered by all hospitals across the globe and very selective surgeons having experience of the procedure would perform it.
Additional research and studies are being conducted to further confirm the efficacy of the treatment. Research has revealed that stem cell insertion in the bone can be used to regrow defects and heal non-unions of a bone. In some cases, repeated stem cell insertion may be required. The bone that grows as a result is as strong as the other bones in the body.
Our bones are one of the most essential parts of our body. Without bones, we will not even be able to stand or sit properly. Due to various reasons, our bones receive damage as well. Bone fracture is one of the most common problems that people face. When any bone in our body breaks due to some accident, it is known as bone fracture.
Once you suffer from a bone fracture, it can be treated in different ways. But in serious cases, bone fracture surgery needs to be performed. So, if you are suffering from a bone fracture, read this article to know more about bone fracture surgeries and important details related to it.
Details About Bone Fracture
Bone fracture is a partial or severe break in any of your bones present in the body. Fractures can be caused due to various reasons and in most of the cases, it is because of any kind of accident. There are some basic symptoms of bone fracture like - abnormal swelling over an area, unable to walk in most of the cases and excruciating pain where the bone has broken.
Therefore, as you can understand that bone fracture is a very serious condition which can cause serious lifestyle changes in a person's life. Bone fractures are of different kinds and two of the most common types of bone fractures are - Complete and Compound.
In a complete fracture, the bone gets damaged in two or more than two parts of the body. In a compound fracture, the bone breaks and tries to penetrate the skin.
Diagnosis and Treatment Through Fracture Surgery
Whenever you suffer from a bone fracture, do not neglect it. Go straight to the doctor and undergo an X-ray which will provide the important details and images of your affected area. Now, depending on the type of injury you have received, the doctor will decide if a surgery will be performed or not. When a surgery is going to take place, different equipment like rods, plates and screws are used to support the bone.
The surgery takes place as per the doctor's recommendations and advice depending on the condition of the patient who is suffering from the fracture.
Eligibility For Bone Fracture Surgery
Everyone can undergo a bone fracture surgery if the condition is very serious and it is very important to undergo a surgery to recover. So, individuals of all age can undergo a bone fracture surgery if they are suffering from a compound or serious bone fracture. But keep one thing in mind - children recover from a bone fracture surgery much quicker than teenagers and old aged people.
So here is some important information which you should be knowing about bone fracture surgeries.
A broken bone is medically known as a fracture. Age plays a major role in determining the risk and extent of your fracture. In children, broken bones are common place. Children’s fractures are generally less complicated and easier to treat than those in adults. Brittle bones due to calcium weaning away is more pronounced in adults. Bones in general become weaker as you age as decalcification occurs as the bones start undergoing resorption.
Till the time a child turns 18, the bone density keeps increasing if sufficient calcium intake continues. On the other hand, when you turn into an adult, the density can’t increase despite sufficient calcium intake. On the other hand, calcium ions get slowly released into the blood stream if there is inadequate consumption of calcium containing foods.
The main categories of fractures based on damage to the surrounding tissues are non-displaced, displaced, open and closed. Non-displaced and displaced fractures refer to the manner in which the bone has broken. The bone breaks into more than one component in displaced fractures and both ends move in such a way that they are not in proper alignment. In a comminuted fracture, the bone breaks into many pieces.
Non-displaced fractures involve the cracking of a bone in its entirety or a part of it, but there isn’t much movement and it maintains proper alignment. A bone breaks in a closed fracture but there isn’t any open wound relating to the skin. The bone breaks past the skin in an open fracture. It might then recede back into the trauma and not be seen through the skin. There is a risk of a deep bone infection in an open fracture and this is an important difference from a closed fracture.
Some fractures based on how and the extent of the breakage include:
This is a very common condition seen in toddlers. When the legs are brought together then there is a gap at the level of the knee. It happens because of inward bowing of thigh bone or tibia. The deformity may appear to increase on standing.
Daily requirement of calcium
The optimal primary nutritional source during the first year of life is human milk. Premature infants have higher calcium requirements than full-term infants while in the nursery. These may be met by using human milk fortified with additional minerals or with specially designed formulas for premature infants. Around 6 months of age when weaning foods are started, food items rich in calcium should be added. Readymade formulas are fortified with calcium but one must remember that the bioavailability of calcium from human milk is greater than that from infant formulas or cow's milk. Hence breastfeeding should be encouraged. In children age 2-8 years the daily requirement is around 800 mg/d. In children 9- to 18-year-olds the daily requirement is 1,200-1,500 mg/day.
Some of the common items that are rich in calcium are.
|Food Item||Quantity||Amount of Calcium in each serving|
|Milk||1 cup (240 ml)||300 mg|
|Cheddar cheese||1.5 oz (42 g)||300 mg|
|Spinach cooked||1/2 cup (90 g)||120 mg|
|Sardines or salmon with bones||20 Sardines (240 g)||50 mg|
|Sweet potatoes||1/2 cup (160 g)||44 mg|
Babies younger than 1-year-old need 400 IU of vitamin D a day. Kids older than 1 year need 600 IU or more of vitamin D a day. Our bodies make vitamin D when our skin is exposed to the sun. The recommended exposure to sunlight is at least 30 min every day. There are various fortified food items that have vitamin D. Also medicines are available which can provide the daily requirement of Vitamin D
Physiological genu varus. In most of the toddlers, the legs are curved inwards. They should improve over a period of time. The legs should straighten by 2 yrs. The child should be investigated if the deformity is severe; the deformity is only in one leg, if the child complains of pain and if the child appears unusually short. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The knee joint is the meeting point of several bones. The knee bone's connected to the thigh bone at knee joint. The thigh bone or femur is the longest bone in the human body and it sits directly above the knee. Below the knee joint lies the shinbone or tibia down to the ankle. Tibia is partnered with the fibula, which runs along the outside of the leg. The kneecap also called as patella lies in between, protecting the knee joint. When the leg bends, the patella moves on the front part of the femur.
Knee Joint Compartments -
Arthritis affects the ends of the bones, or spots where the bones in the knee joint move against each other. The joint capsule is a thick ligamentous structure that surrounds the entire knee that contains synovial membrane which provides nourishment to all the surrounding structures. The synovial fluid produced by the synovial membrane lubricates the knee joint. The capsule itself is strengthened by the surrounding ligaments.
Cartilage in the knees -
Cartilage covers up the knee joint's ends thus keeping the bones from rubbing together and creating friction. This makes cartilage critical to keeping the knees pain-free when one is running, walking bending or squatting. There are two types of cartilage in the knee joint. Meniscus cartilage makes up the crescent-shaped disks on the inside and outside of the knee between the femur and tibia. Meniscus cartilage works like a shock absorber, providing cushion to the joint when walking to running. Joint or articular cartilage covers the bones of the knee, making smooth and friction free movement.