Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Bone Fracture: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Bone structure is a partial or a complete break in your bone. Fracture mostly acknowledged as broken bone takes place with the change in contour of any bone.  The basic symptoms of bone fracture are abnormal swelling, high pain or deformity in the structure. You won’t be able to move the injured part of the body. Often in severe cases, you might experience bone poking inside your skin. Basically bone fracture takes place if you get hurt severely or even slip and hit something heavy. Bone can also get fractured if you fall down from height like while climbing a tree, or slipping down from stairs. There are various categories of bone fracture that includes complete and incomplete bone fracture and compound and simple bon structure. Complete fracture indicates that the bone got snapped in two or moreparts whereas incomplete fracture is where the bone gets a crack but do notface a complete breakage.

On the other hand, compound fracture is where the bone tries to break through the skin of the patient. For simple bone fracture, the bone undergoes breakage but does not penetrates through the skin. The treatment often requires  surgery and long term medication.Even in some cases, psychotherapy is also required to recover completely.

How is the treatment done?

If you experience symptoms that indicate bone fracture in any part of your body, do not avoid it. Go to doctor right away and he would prescribe you to undergo a X ray test. The X ray report will provide the exactcondition of the bone and its injuries. Depending on the report of your X ray, the doctor would decide whether to conduct a surgery or using immobilizer, slings would do the needful. In can of surgery, devices like rods, plates and even screws are utilised. On the other hand, in case of cases that do not require surgery, they are advised to use sling that would not allow any movement of broken arm and let it heal eventually. After surgery, the patients are advised to take complete rest for few weeks so that the patient gets habituated with the external object in the body. However, the surgery is completely dependent on the health conditions of the patient. For instance, high blood sugar and pressure highly influences the surgery. Without normal sugar and blood pressure, surgery conducted is highly vulnerable to risk and may lead to adverse situations. Often closed reduction is done in case of misplacement in the alignment. In this case, a general anaesthesia is done and a cast is placed to hold the bone in that alignment. However, depending on the patient nature of the case, the external objects to be inserted are chosen. These objects are required to remove after a certain period of time like 2 or 3 years when the fracture is cured. Along with that, the patient needs to be under medication that would escalate the curing process.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

There remains so such eligibility for bone fracture. It may take place to people of any age structure. Often children get their bone fractured while playing and on the other hand middle aged and old aged people even meet accidents and severe fracture may lead to surgery. However, the treatments are conducted in respect to the age of the patient like hildren recovers faster than teenagers and middle aged patients. Again, conducting surgery for old aged patients often turns risky.

Are there any side effects?

If you seem to meet an accident and get your bone fractured, you will either be prescribed to use slings or undergo surgery depending on the intensity of the injury. After getting your surgery done, you might face several side effects.

Some of these are over swelling, pain or even bruising. Added to that, you may face complications while conducting surgery for bone fracture that is rare and that would include bleeding, blood clots, and severe allergic reactions for patients who suffer from anaesthesia. You also remain vulnerable to infections if you had complications during the surgery.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After you are done with the surgery of your fractured bone, you must follow few strict rules in your daily life.  Along with that, you must maintain a frequent coordination with the doctor and continue medication. It is extremely necessary to abide to these rules otherwise it may lead to adverse effects.

You are not allowed to pull heavy things like rearranging furniture, carrying luggage bags etc. You are advised not to take up much physical work and make your daily tasks easier.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery span is entirely dependent on how severe the fracture is. In case of small cracks, it gets recovered within 2 to 3 weeks. However, children recover faster within 3 weeks whereas teenagers and middle aged people takes around 6 weeks to attain full recovery. In some cases of severe injury full recovery takes around 10 weeks.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The average cost of bone fracture treatment in India ranges from 700 INR to 500000 INR. It basically depends on the severity of the condition.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment on bone fracture is permanent only if you follow the post-surgery regulations. Along with that, proper medication and psychotherapy is required to adopt.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Some alternative treatment for bone fracture is to avail Ayurveda process of medication that are entirely prepared from natural products. Even home remedy like using turmeric, constant use of ice, black caraway and sesame seeds and castor seeds acts as a catalyst in the recovering process. A complete rest is essential during this time.

Safety: Very High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Very Low Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Popular Health Tips

Stem Cell Culture For Broken Bones - What Is It?

M S Ortho, D - Ortho, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Stem Cell Culture For Broken Bones - What Is It?

When there is a fracture of the bone, the affected site may be plastered for the fracture to heal. In some cases, this may not be enough to mend the bones and surgery may be required along with bone grafting to rectify the condition. A new form of therapy, involving a less invasive procedure has been developed. It involves culturing the stem cells and using the same to mend and regenerate parts of the bone.

What does the treatment involve?

In this process, one cultures cells from the patient’s body. The cells are extracted from the bone marrow. These cells are cultured in the lab and injected back to the affected region of the body. Research has shown that after the injection, the treatment takes anywhere between 7 to 8 weeks to repair the fracture completely.

Since stem cells are being harvested from the patient and not from a third-party, the treatment does not have any ethical constraints. However, more studies are being conducted to prove without a doubt that the same does not cause any damage to the body of the patient in the long run.

It is likely that this procedure will replace rudimentary surgical techniques, such as bone harvesting, in the future. It is far less invasive and does not result in extreme pain or prolonged hospitalization.

The future of the treatment:

While stem cell culture has been around for a few years now, the use of the same procedure to treat fractures is The Latest Technology. It is in its early stages, which is why such a form of treatment is not offered by all hospitals across the globe and very selective surgeons having experience of the procedure would perform it.

Additional research and studies are being conducted to further confirm the efficacy of the treatment. Research has revealed that stem cell insertion in the bone can be used to regrow defects and heal non-unions of a bone. In some cases, repeated stem cell insertion may be required. The bone that grows as a result is as strong as the other bones in the body.

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Fracture Surgeries - All You Should Know About Them!

DNB - Orthopedics, D ( ORTHO), MBBS
Orthopedist, Trivandrum
Fracture Surgeries - All You Should Know About Them!

Our bones are one of the most essential parts of our body. Without bones, we will not even be able to stand or sit properly. Due to various reasons, our bones receive damage as well. Bone fracture is one of the most common problems that people face. When any bone in our body breaks due to some accident, it is known as bone fracture.

Once you suffer from a bone fracture, it can be treated in different ways. But in serious cases, bone fracture surgery needs to be performed. So, if you are suffering from a bone fracture, read this article to know more about bone fracture surgeries and important details related to it.

Details About Bone Fracture

Bone fracture is a partial or severe break in any of your bones present in the body. Fractures can be caused due to various reasons and in most of the cases, it is because of any kind of accident. There are some basic symptoms of bone fracture like - abnormal swelling over an area, unable to walk in most of the cases and excruciating pain where the bone has broken.

Therefore, as you can understand that bone fracture is a very serious condition which can cause serious lifestyle changes in a person's life. Bone fractures are of different kinds and two of the most common types of bone fractures are - Complete and Compound.

In a complete fracture, the bone gets damaged in two or more than two parts of the body. In a compound fracture, the bone breaks and tries to penetrate the skin.

Diagnosis and Treatment Through Fracture Surgery

Whenever you suffer from a bone fracture, do not neglect it. Go straight to the doctor and undergo an X-ray which will provide the important details and images of your affected area. Now, depending on the type of injury you have received, the doctor will decide if a surgery will be performed or not. When a surgery is going to take place, different equipment like rods, plates and screws are used to support the bone.

The surgery takes place as per the doctor's recommendations and advice depending on the condition of the patient who is suffering from the fracture.

Eligibility For Bone Fracture Surgery

Everyone can undergo a bone fracture surgery if the condition is very serious and it is very important to undergo a surgery to recover. So, individuals of all age can undergo a bone fracture surgery if they are suffering from a compound or serious bone fracture. But keep one thing in mind - children recover from a bone fracture surgery much quicker than teenagers and old aged people.

So here is some important information which you should be knowing about bone fracture surgeries.

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7 Most Common Types Of Fractures!

MBBS, D (ORTHO), DNB (Orthopedics), MCH (Orthopedic), Spine Fellowship DePUY, Medtronics Spine Fellowship
Orthopedist, Delhi
7 Most Common Types Of Fractures!

A broken bone is medically known as a fracture. Age plays a major role in determining the risk and extent of your fracture. In children, broken bones are common place. Children’s fractures are generally less complicated and easier to treat than those in adults. Brittle bones due to calcium weaning away is more pronounced in adults. Bones in general become weaker as you age as decalcification occurs as the bones start undergoing resorption.

Till the time a child turns 18, the bone density keeps increasing if sufficient calcium intake continues. On the other hand, when you turn into an adult, the density can’t increase despite sufficient calcium intake. On the other hand, calcium ions get slowly released into the blood stream if there is inadequate consumption of calcium containing foods.

The main categories of fractures based on damage to the surrounding tissues are non-displaced, displaced, open and closed. Non-displaced and displaced fractures refer to the manner in which the bone has broken. The bone breaks into more than one component in displaced fractures and both ends move in such a way that they are not in proper alignment. In a comminuted fracture, the bone breaks into many pieces.

Non-displaced fractures involve the cracking of a bone in its entirety or a part of it, but there isn’t much movement and it maintains proper alignment. A bone breaks in a closed fracture but there isn’t any open wound relating to the skin. The bone breaks past the skin in an open fracture. It might then recede back into the trauma and not be seen through the skin. There is a risk of a deep bone infection in an open fracture and this is an important difference from a closed fracture.

Some fractures based on how and the extent of the breakage include:

  1. Greenstick: It is a partial or incomplete fracture in which the bone bends. This is most often seen in children.
  2. Transverse fracture: It is a fracture in which the broken piece of bone is at right angles to the bone's axis.
  3. Oblique fracture: Such a fracture involves a curved or sloped pattern in the breaking point.
  4. Comminuted fracture: The bone gets broken into several pieces.
  5. Buckled fracture: It is also known as an impacted fracture. The ends are driven into each other. This is very common in arm fractures in children.
  6. Pathologic fracture: It is caused by any disease that can weaken the bones.
  7. Hairline Fracture: Also known as stress fracture, it is seen on an x ray as a thin line.
3733 people found this helpful

Bow Legs - Why Do Children Suffer From Them?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Pune
Bow Legs - Why Do Children Suffer From Them?

This is a very common condition seen in toddlers. When the legs are brought together then there is a gap at the level of the knee. It happens because of inward bowing of thigh bone or tibia. The deformity may appear to increase on standing.

Daily requirement of calcium

The optimal primary nutritional source during the first year of life is human milk. Premature infants have higher calcium requirements than full-term infants while in the nursery. These may be met by using human milk fortified with additional minerals or with specially designed formulas for premature infants. Around 6 months of age when weaning foods are started, food items rich in calcium should be added. Readymade formulas are fortified with calcium but one must remember that the bioavailability of calcium from human milk is greater than that from infant formulas or cow's milk. Hence breastfeeding should be encouraged. In children age 2-8 years the daily requirement is around 800 mg/d. In children 9- to 18-year-olds the daily requirement is 1,200-1,500 mg/day.

Some of the common items that are rich in calcium are.

Food Item Quantity Amount of Calcium in each serving
Milk 1 cup (240 ml) 300 mg
Cheddar cheese 1.5 oz (42 g) 300 mg
Spinach cooked 1/2 cup (90 g) 120 mg
Sardines or salmon with bones 20 Sardines (240 g) 50 mg
Sweet potatoes 1/2 cup (160 g) 44 mg

Vitamin D:

Babies younger than 1-year-old need 400 IU of vitamin D a day. Kids older than 1 year need 600 IU or more of vitamin D a day. Our bodies make vitamin D when our skin is exposed to the sun. The recommended exposure to sunlight is at least 30 min every day. There are various fortified food items that have vitamin D. Also medicines are available which can provide the daily requirement of Vitamin D

Physiological genu varus. In most of the toddlers, the legs are curved inwards. They should improve over a period of time. The legs should straighten by 2 yrs. The child should be investigated if the deformity is severe; the deformity is only in one leg, if the child complains of pain and if the child appears unusually short. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Knee Anatomy - Better Understanding Helps Prevent Knee Injuries!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, M.Ch - Orthopaedics, MCh - Trauma and Orthopeadic Surgery
Orthopedist, Ghaziabad
Knee Anatomy - Better Understanding Helps Prevent Knee Injuries!

The knee joint is the meeting point of several bones. The knee bone's connected to the thigh bone at knee joint. The thigh bone or femur is the longest bone in the human body and it sits directly above the knee. Below the knee joint lies the shinbone or tibia down to the ankle. Tibia is partnered with the fibula, which runs along the outside of the leg. The kneecap also called as patella lies in between, protecting the knee joint. When the leg bends, the patella moves on the front part of the femur.

Knee Joint Compartments - 

Arthritis affects the ends of the bones, or spots where the bones in the knee joint move against each other. The joint capsule is a thick ligamentous structure that surrounds the entire knee that contains synovial membrane which provides nourishment to all the surrounding structures. The synovial fluid produced by the synovial membrane lubricates the knee joint. The capsule itself is strengthened by the surrounding ligaments.

Cartilage in the knees - 

Cartilage covers up the knee joint's ends thus keeping the bones from rubbing together and creating friction. This makes cartilage critical to keeping the knees pain-free when one is running, walking bending or squatting. There are two types of cartilage in the knee joint. Meniscus cartilage makes up the crescent-shaped disks on the inside and outside of the knee between the femur and tibia. Meniscus cartilage works like a shock absorber, providing cushion to the joint when walking to running. Joint or articular cartilage covers the bones of the knee, making smooth and friction free movement.

Cartilage is about eighty percent water when we are young, and can lose water content over time to drop to about seventy percent. The knees are filled with fluid that helps to keep the cartilage smooth and slippery. If this fluid is too much can stretch out the joint and less can lead to friction between the bones.

Hence, it is imperative to know how the parts of the knee joint work together, as it is the first step one can take to maintain or restore knee health. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!



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Popular Questions & Answers

Impression from MRI of left knee: lt acl grade 1 injury. Degenerated grade 2 tear in posterior horn of medial meniscus and grade 1 tear in posterior horn of lateral meniscus. Mild laxity of medial collateral ligament with lateral subluxation of tibia with respect to femur with joint effusion.

MS - Orthopaedics, DNB (Orthopedics), MNAMS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Jaipur
You should consult an orthopedic doctor who deals in sports injuries. Apart from MRI findings clinical exam is very important to formulate a plan of treatment .Lachman and Pivot shift tests are very important. Findings in the examination room and under anaesthesia needs to be considered along with arthroscopy findings. Depending on these you might need ACL reconstruction and meniscal injury treatment either meniscal tear excision or repair.
1 person found this helpful

Yesterday I fall from 6-7 feet height, facing downwards to ground. My shoulder, ankle, fore finger, injured badly, fore finger got high pressure due to fall, hurting badly. Please suggest any pain relief, because I have exam on coming wednesday. Thank you.

MBBS, MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Orthopedist, Mumbai
lybrate-user ,A fall from 6 to 7 feet height should not be taken lightly. I hope you have consulted a physician and taken necessary xrays of the areas involved. Keep Ice fomentation ,rest And splint the fore finger with the adjacent finger by using sticking plaster. Take an x-ray of the hand also If there is a fracture of the small bones of finger you will need immobilisation.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know More About Facial Injuries
Hello friends, I am Dr Anubhav Gupta. I am a consultant of cosmetic and plastic surgeon. Today I am going to talk about a very common topic, that is Facial injuries. Now this is something which we see very common in our day to day life. Face is comprising of a lot of structures; the skin, there is the subcutaneous tissues, there are muscles, then there is bone underneath it. So when we talk about facial injuries, we can divide them broadly into two types:

One is the simple injuries and
The complex facial injuries.
Now the simple injuries are the one, which we see like, our kids, they fall in the house, and they have cuts, and they have continuous lacerated wounds.

The complex facial injuries are seen when there are road traffic accidents, where there are deep cuts right up to the muscle and there are fractures of these bones.

So these are the common types of injuries related to face. Now the question which next comes to our mind is, what to do?

So in case of facial injuries, what is required to be to be done is, whenever such injuries happen, we need to apply some pressure on that, so that the bleeding stops. And if you are concerned about good scars and better looking sutured wounds, then you should consult a plastic surgeon to get it sutured. And in any case, it has to repaired, it has to be stitched. This is how the management of simple injuries is done.

But in case of complex injuries, they require advanced management, wherein not only a plastic surgeon but also a neurosurgeon and many other surgeons are involved because these injuries are usually not isolated injuries. They occur with head injuries also, and many times there are injuries to other parts of the body also. So it is better to take the patient to a better hospital. So in such injuries, what we usually do is, once the patient is stabilised, such injuries, for example a fractures, requires fixation.

Fixation means, is very similar to fracture of the hand or the limb, there is plating and screws and clamps and plasters and related things. The principles are similar for all these things also. So we use very fine, titanium plates for fractures.

The common fractured parts are the upper maxilla, or the lower maxilla or the mandible. The importance in such facial injuries, there are two priorities:-

One is , the patient should be able to eat, even after these injuries and fractures. Because once these bones are fractured, it becomes very difficult to eat so the main priority is that the patient should be able to eat even after these injuries.
The second thing is, the lower part of the eye. So, there should be no problem in the vision, as well as the cosmetic outcome. So these bones are put back together anatomically by plating and fixation. So that the patient can lead a normal life, i.e, having a normal vision, and is able to eat properly.
So these are the principles required for practical fixation of complex facial injuries.

Now, to know more about these types of injuries you can get in touch with me on Lybrate. Thank You.
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Orthopedics Conditions And Treatments
Hello everyone!

I am Dr. Shivraj Jadhav. I am working as orthopedist surgeon in Dr Jadhav Hospital. I had done my DNB in Orthopaedics as well as a diploma in AFIH. Basically, Dr Jadhav Hospital is in Airoli. It's in Navi Mumbai. It's a multi-speciality hospital in the heart of the city. We have got the following facilities in the hospital. They include 24/7 medical nurses, paramedical staff. We have got a good team of consultants. They work in the departments of medicine, surgery, paediatrics, gynaecology, orthopedics, neurology, urology. We have got 24/7 patho department, x-ray department as well as pharmacy. We do surgery in the field of orthopedics which includes treatment for the spine, hip and knee replacement surgery and also complicated trauma cases including general trauma and complex numbers.

And that too in very reasonable rates I can say. In the department of gynaecology, we normally do C-section, normal delivery, tubectomy and or all other complicated surgeries as well including laparoscopic hysterectomy. In neurology and urology we have got on-call doctors which operates in all the fields. Also we have got regular surgeons in the field of ENT and surgery and include laparoscopic surgery as well as general surgery. Our hospital includes private rooms which have deluxe room including TVs ACs and all these amenities.

Then we have got sharing rooms we have got semi deluxe room and we got general wards as well. W have got a good and hi-tech OT with good modular facilities in it. We have got electronic tables we have got monitors good well trained staff at the OT itself. Along with this in the ICU we have got good ventilators, backup monitors, multi-facility beds and 24/7 nurses working in the ICU also. In our hospital, we have got mediclaim facility. We are attached to almost 40-50 companies including gypsum mediclaim and other private mediclaim such as Star, Bajaj, Apollo etc. I am thankful to Lybrate to provide such a good platform. It is a very easy app. It is a very good communication between the patients and doctors. To know more about me and my hospital you can contact or you can book an appointment via Lybrate.
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