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Bone Fracture Tips

How Cracks Are Different From Fractures?

Dr. Krishna Kumar M S 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Arthroscopy & Sports Injury
Orthopedist, Bangalore
How Cracks Are Different From Fractures?

A fracture separates a single solid object into two or more pieces due to pressure. In medical terms, a fracture refers to a broken bone due to some kind of external trauma. A crack in the bone, on the other hand, it does not cause a clean break in the bone, there is only a separation or discontinuity in the bone material.

A crack in the bone caused due to repeated stress is often called as 'hairline fracture'. Here are the basic differences between a crack and a fracture in the bone and how to treat them:

  1. A crack or hairline fracture is rarely caused by a single injury. It is usually the result of bone fatigue, which may be caused due to repeated, concentrated stress over a long period of time and thus, it is also called as 'stress fracture'. Other bone fractures are almost always the result of sudden and severe force on the bones.
  2. The skeletal system constantly remodels itself. The cells, known as 'osteoblasts' absorb calcium and secrete bone connective tissue. If a particular site is exposed to recurrent bouts of force (which are individually not impactful enough to cause a crack), over time the osteoblasts in that region malfunction and the crack appears. Muscular exhaustion can also cause cracks in the bone. Fractures are caused due to sudden external single force trauma to the bone. Nutritional problems like deficiencies of Calcium, Phosphorus, vitamin D and excessive smoking decrease the bone mineral density and increase the chance of both cracks and fractures.
  3. Symptoms of a crack are swelling, tenderness and sharp pain in the injured region and the symptoms worsen over time. A fracture has similar symptoms and might also exhibit an external physical distortion and makes it impossible to move that part of the body that where the bone is broken.
  4. An MRI is often suggested for detecting the crack or crack-prone areas because an X-ray can only detect the crack after it widens somewhat or the bone starts paining because the rays cannot pass through the tiny gap in bone material. A fracture is easily detectable by an X-ray because the rays pass right through the break.
  5. Complete rest for six to eight weeks is the most effective way of healing a crack. Using a walking boot in case of cracks in the leg bones in also helpful. Healing fractures require extensive medical intervention. Surgical techniques like bone grafting and the insertion of metal plates are used to reposition the broken bone.

Fracture In Upper Limb Bones: How To Identify?

Dr. Suhel Khan 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics, DNB (Orthopedics), MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Pune
Fracture In Upper Limb Bones: How To Identify?

A broken bone or a crack in the commonly known as a fracture. Any bone in the arm can be broken, but common areas for fractures in the arm is wrist, specifically the distal radius, forearm bones (radius and ulna), elbow, humerus and shoulder.

What causes fracture in bones?

  1. Fall: Falling an outstretched hand or elbow is the most common cause of a broken arm.
  2. Sports injuries: Direct blows and injuries on the field or court are a common cause of all types of arm fractures.
  3. Significant trauma: Any of your arm bones can break during a car accident, bike accident or other direct trauma.
  4. Abuse: In children, a broken arm may be the result of child abuse.

How to identify?

An audible snap or cracking sound may be your first indication you've broken an arm.

Signs and symptoms include:

  1. Severe pain, which may increase with movement
  2. Swelling
  3. Bruising
  4. Deformity, such as a bent arm or wrist
  5. Inability to turn your arm from palm up to palm down or vice versa

When to see a doctor?

If you have enough pain in your arm that you can't use it normally, see a doctor right away and do the same for your child. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of a broken arm, especially for children who heal faster than adults do, can lead to poor healing and deformity.

3 people found this helpful

Orthopedic Doctor in Gurgaon!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri

Is that stiffness in joints taking a toll on your daily activity like walking, exercise. These best orthopedic doctors in Gurgaon, can help in getting your life back on track by treating any kind of join or muscle related surgeries or disorders. Here is the list of best orthopedic doctors and surgeons in Gurgaon:

1. Dr. Himanshu Gupta

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Interventional Pain Practice(FIPP), Fellow Adult Knee Reconstruction and Sports Injuries

Consultation fees: ₹400 - 1000

Dr. Himanshu is a well experienced orthopedic surgeon with 16 years of practice. He specialises in knee reconstruction and sports injuries. His other areas of interest are arthroscopic surgery along with interventional spine & pain treatments. He has successfully done more than 4500 spine interventions,  including lumbar ,sacral & cervical areas which are considered to be complicated and tricky. He is currently associated with Nivaran Pain Relief Centre in Sector-41, Gurgaon & Fortis Escorts Heart Institute & Research Centre - Okhla Road, Delhi.

2. Dr. Sanjay kapoor

MBBS, Diploma in Orthopaedics, MS - Orthopaedics

Consultation fees: ₹500

Dr. Sanjay Kapoor is a senior consultant. He is specialised as Joint Replacement & Sports Injury Surgeon. Hw currently practices as Managing Director at K.K Healthcare Centre, Gurgaon. His areas of keen interest are Hip Replacement, Knee Replacement and Spine treatment like Laminectomy, Disc Removal, Nerve Decompression. He has successfully operated more than 10000+ patients for knee and hip surgery from across the globe. He is a recipient of Global Health Care Excellence Award 2014 for best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Gurgaon Haryana.

3. Dr. Akhlaq Ahmed

Diploma In Orthopaedics, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹500

With more than 48 years of experience he is a popular name in Gurgaon, when it comes to orthopedists fraternity. Dr. Ahmed specialises in orthopaedics, paediatric orthopaedics, treatment of spine related problems, spine & joint replacement surgery. He has also done fellowship in minimal access surgery.  He is also  associated with Indian Orthopaedic Association and International Society for Knowledge for Surgeons on Arthroscopy and Arthroplasty. He currently practices at Ahmed Hospital. 

4. Dr. Gurinder Bedi

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB, FRCS - General Surgery & Trauma & Orthopedic Surgery, CCST - Internal Medicine

Consultation fees: ₹1000 

Dr. Bedi has 30 years of national & international experience. He has worked for 12 years in England. Currently he is director of Orthopaedic department at Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj. Previously he was associated with some of the prestigious hospitals like MAX, Primus and Sitaram Bhartiya Hospital. His special interest areas are joint replacement, arthroscopy and treatment of diabetic foot. He is also associated with many prestigious institutes and medical associations.

5. Dr. Vikas Gupta

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Hand Surgery Fellowship

Consultation fees: ₹1000- 1500

Dr. Vikas Gupta a well known name in the field of orthopedist, has more than 27 years of experience. He is currently associated with Max Hospital in Sushant Lok I, Gurgaon and Max Smart Super speciality Hospital in Saket, Delhi and Hand 2 Shoulder Clinic, GK -1 Delhi. His area of speciality are hand and shoulder surgery. He was the first surgeon to perform wrist replacement (Ceramic on ceramic) in India and has successfully performed over 6000 complex hand upper & extremity surgeries.

6. Dr. Prince Gupta

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopaedics

Consultation fees: ₹400 - 700

Dr Prince Gupta is an experienced joint and spine surgeon who is practicing in Gurgaon. He is practicing for more than 12 years. He is skilled in joint replacement surgeries like knee replacement, hip replacement, shoulder replacement and elbow replacement surgeries. Apart from joint surgeries he also specialises in performing orthopaedic spine surgeries using the best techniques as per the international standards. He has worked with some of the best hospitals in Gurgaon and Delhi like  Artemis Hospital, Fortis Hospital and Sir Ganga Ram Hospital. 

7. Dr. O P Gupta

M.B.B.S, M.S. (Ortho)

Consultation fees: ₹500 - 900

Dr. Gupta is a senior consultant in Orthopaedics, Spine & Joints. He specialises in  Spine Surgery. In 14 years of his practice he has done more than 3000 Orthopedic and Spine surgeries in India and abroad. He has done extensive training in all aspect of spinal surgery. He currently practices at Khushansh Clinic, Gurgaon and Max Smart Superspeciality Hospital, Delhi.

8. Dr. Akram Jawed

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Shoulder Surgery

Consultation fees: ₹500 - 900

Dr. Akram Jawed is amongst the best experienced orthopedic surgeons in Gurgaon with 8 years of experience. He has done some special courses like Advance course in trauma management (2013), Advance course on Periarticular plating (2013), Principles of Fracture Fixation (2009) and National Trauma Management Course (2011). He currently practices at consultant in orthopaedics at Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket and Med Harbour Family Clinic Gurgaon. He is also the director of Mobility Clinic.

9. Dr. Ashok Rajgopal

FRCS, MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹1200

Dr. Ashok is best orthopaedic surgeon. He is a pioneer of many advancement of knee surgeries and has many accomplishments in his field like successfully completing 28 Total Knee Replacement surgeries in under 12 hours. In 40 years of his experience he has more than 25,000 Total Knee Replacement surgeries. He is the first orthopaedic surgeon in India who has carried virtual total knee replacement employing patient-specific instruments. He is a recipient of PadmaShri recipient. He currently heads bone and joint clinic- Fortis Hospital. 

10. Dr. Ankit Bhartia

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Arthroscopy and Joint replacement of Knee and Shoulder

Consultation fees: ₹400

Dr. Ankit Bhartia is an experienced Orthopedist  with 9 years of career. His areas of keen interest are Knee Replacement, Hip Replacement, Arthroscopic Surgery, Spine Surgery and Pediatric Orthopaedics. He currently practices at ''Sparsh - Orthopaedics and Sports Injury Centre'' , which is his own clinic and is also the ''Managing Director''  there. He is a member of many Indian and international associations.

7 Most Common Types Of Fractures!

Dr. Amit Shridhar 87% (23 ratings)
MBBS, D (ORTHO), DNB (Orthopedics), MCH (Orthopedic), Spine Fellowship DePUY, Medtronics Spine Fellowship
Orthopedist, Delhi
7 Most Common Types Of Fractures!

A broken bone is medically known as a fracture. Age plays a major role in determining the risk and extent of your fracture. In children, broken bones are common place. Children’s fractures are generally less complicated and easier to treat than those in adults. Brittle bones due to calcium weaning away is more pronounced in adults. Bones in general become weaker as you age as decalcification occurs as the bones start undergoing resorption.

Till the time a child turns 18, the bone density keeps increasing if sufficient calcium intake continues. On the other hand, when you turn into an adult, the density can’t increase despite sufficient calcium intake. On the other hand, calcium ions get slowly released into the blood stream if there is inadequate consumption of calcium containing foods.

The main categories of fractures based on damage to the surrounding tissues are non-displaced, displaced, open and closed. Non-displaced and displaced fractures refer to the manner in which the bone has broken. The bone breaks into more than one component in displaced fractures and both ends move in such a way that they are not in proper alignment. In a comminuted fracture, the bone breaks into many pieces.

Non-displaced fractures involve the cracking of a bone in its entirety or a part of it, but there isn’t much movement and it maintains proper alignment. A bone breaks in a closed fracture but there isn’t any open wound relating to the skin. The bone breaks past the skin in an open fracture. It might then recede back into the trauma and not be seen through the skin. There is a risk of a deep bone infection in an open fracture and this is an important difference from a closed fracture.

Some fractures based on how and the extent of the breakage include:

  1. Greenstick: It is a partial or incomplete fracture in which the bone bends. This is most often seen in children.
  2. Transverse fracture: It is a fracture in which the broken piece of bone is at right angles to the bone's axis.
  3. Oblique fracture: Such a fracture involves a curved or sloped pattern in the breaking point.
  4. Comminuted fracture: The bone gets broken into several pieces.
  5. Buckled fracture: It is also known as an impacted fracture. The ends are driven into each other. This is very common in arm fractures in children.
  6. Pathologic fracture: It is caused by any disease that can weaken the bones.
  7. Hairline Fracture: Also known as stress fracture, it is seen on an x ray as a thin line.
3733 people found this helpful

Bone Fracture - Types, Causes & Treatment Of It!

Dr. Niranjan T J 85% (10 ratings)
DNB - Orthopedics, D ( ORTHO), MBBS
Orthopedist, Trivandrum
Bone Fracture - Types, Causes & Treatment Of It!

Broken bone is commonly known as bone fracture a d it occurs when an exorbitant amount of force is applied causing the bone to split or shatter. While some minor fractures lead to cracks and crannies, others may lead to complete breakage of the bones. Despite being hard, bones are formed in such a way that they can absorb pressure to only a certain extent, beyond which they break. Statistically, the incidence of broken bones are most common in children and in old age people.

Causes of Bone Fracture
Bone fracture can be caused due to a number of reasons; both intentional and accidental. Some of them include:
1. Accidents and injuries: Sports injuries, being hit by a car and tripping and falling are some of the typical episodes.
2. Old age: Diseases such as osteoporosis and brittle bone disease are common in aged people. As bones tend to become more fragile among the aged, they are at a greater chance of bone fractures.

Type of bone fractures

Primarily bone fractures are of four types, based on the way the bone splits. They are:


  1. Complete fracture: This type of fracture refers to a complete breakage of the bone wherein the fracture may occur at various parts of the bone.
  2. Incomplete fracture: In this type of fracture, the bone partially breaks instead of splitting entirely.
  3. Compound fractures: This is a type of a fracture wherein the bone breaks past the skin. It is also known as an open fracture.
  4. Simple fracture: In this type of a fracture, the bone breaks without causing an open wound on the skin.

Treatment of bone fractures
In case of a broken bone, the immediate course of action would be to reach for the first aid box. This can be done to stabilize the bone prior to hospitalization. Icing the injury, elevating the injured area to prevent further swelling and covering the wound with bandages are common measures. In many cases, people also make household splints (made of newspapers) to keep the bone stabilized. Hospitalization and especially surgery, can be also opted for in case of severe fractures.

3510 people found this helpful

8 Exercises You Should Ignore To Safeguard Your Body!

Dr. Kiran Kumar Lakkampalli 90% (10 ratings)
Physiotherapist, Hyderabad
8 Exercises You Should Ignore To Safeguard Your Body!

People who regularly work out can go on about its benefits and also show off a toned physique. However, a bad or improper movement can be more harmful than no exercise at all. Read on to know some common exercises that are best avoided for their potential harmful effects. 

  1. Dumbbell punches (Punching the air with dumbbells in hands): By holding dumbbells and punching them forward into the air, you are just spending your energy for absolutely no benefit. It is good as a conditioning one if done for a long time but does not help the shoulders or the arms. Bicep curls and triceps extensions yield much better results than these punches.
  2. Shoulder Shrugs (Rolling shoulders with dumbbells in hands): The only muscle that gets worked here is the trapezius, which is at the joint of the shoulders and the neck. The arms and the back do not get any benefit and shoulder shrugs can actually cause postural problems and increase shoulder tension. It is best to avoid this exercise if you are not a professional bodybuilder.
  3. Thigh machines (Pressing weight through legs): One of the most ineffective machines in the gym is a thigh machine. The poor posture and no workout for the abs are few of the reasons why the outer and inner thigh workouts should be avoided. Better results can be achieved with squats and lunges, which also help more muscles and help in losing weight.
  4. Plank rows (Push-up posture & lifting hands one by one): Plank rows or board lines are almost ineffective for back and arm strengthening. Better results are achieved with the usual lines for these areas.
  5. Squatting on a Bosu ball (Squatting on a specific machine): This colourful equipment might be alluring but can be really dangerous and cause ankle and knee injuries. It can also result in meniscal tears or disruptions.
  6. Crunches (Laying on floor and pushing head upwards with hands): When improperly done, crunches produce the same position as one achieves while working on a computer - head forward and rounded shoulder. Crunches are meant to be done by pulling up on the head and not using the abs, as most people incorrectly do.
  7. Lat pull-downs behind the neck (Pulling down weight behind your back): This can be very harmful for people who have even minor shoulder joint problems. The idea is to build arm, torso, and back muscles by pulling a weighted bar down the front and back of the chest area. This can cause misalignment, shoulder impingement, or a tear in the rotator cuff, and in severe cases, even cervical vertebral fracture.
  8. Military Presses Behind the Head (Pulling up weight behind your back): Similar to a lat pull-down, here also, a barbell is lifted up and down behind the head and can cause the same problems as the earlier one, including fracture of the cervical spine.

Make sure you get a professional trainer's advice on the right ways to work out so as to get the maximum benefits and avoid injuries.

3834 people found this helpful

Different Types Of Fractures & Their Treatment!

Dr. Dinakar Rai 83% (10 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Coimbatore
Different Types Of Fractures & Their Treatment!

Fractures are simply a break in a bone. They can be caused due to injury, (traumatic fractures) or a pre-existing condition like osteoporosis that causes weakening of bones (pathologic fractures). There are many ways to classify fractures. All fractures fall into the major categories of simple and compound fractures. Simple fractures are fractures where bones remain inside the skin and don’t jut out. They are also called closed fractures.

Compound fractures, also called open fractures, are broken bones that penetrate through the skin. These types expose the bone and deep tissues to the environment. Compound fractures are more serious of the two. The healing here may be affected due to deep infections for which antibiotics need to be used. There are many different sub types of fractures and we’re only going to skim through them here.

  1. Comminuted fractures: Severe fractures in which a bone breaks into several smaller pieces.
  2. Avulsion fractures: A small piece of bone is completely torn off from the main bone due to fierce pulling off a part of the body.

Other types of fractures are characterised by the many different angles the bone breaks into like transverse, oblique and spiral fractures.

When a bone is broken there are symptoms like swelling that doesn’t subside on its own and pain. In such a case it’s imperative that one goes to a doctor for a diagnosis. Doctors can usually recognise most fractures by examining the injury and taking an X-ray. The X-ray also provides a clear idea about the type of fracture and the degree of displacement of the bone. And, it’s important that the patient doesn’t wait too long before approaching a doctor. This is because bones begin to heal very quickly after a fracture and the bone tissue will heal using any tissue available. This can lead to a misalignment of broken pieces of bone and cause disability and loss of function.

There are cases when X-ray may not show a fracture. This is especially common in fractures in the hip and wrist in older people. For diagnosing these, doctors will get some other tests done such as a computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or a bone scan.

Fractures have to be treated by doctors. The doctors set the fractured bones in their proper place and hold them there so that they can heal. Setting a bone is called "reduction." Reduction without surgery is called "closed reduction." But if the fracture is serious, it’s going to require surgery with bone repositioning, called open reduction.

In extreme cases, pins, plates, screws, rods, or glue are used to hold the fractured bones in place, inside the body. Once the bone abutment has been treated, the bone is immobilised to allow the broken pieces to heal. In most cases, the fractured part is set in a rigid cast. The fractured ends of the bone can be fixed into place using metal pins connected to an external frame. This is removed after the bone has healed.


2412 people found this helpful

Old Age Problems & How Physiotherapy Can Be Of Help?

Dr. Gaurav Mohan 92% (18 ratings)
Physiotherapist, Delhi
Old Age Problems & How Physiotherapy Can Be Of Help?

As a person grows older, the body undergoes wear and tear. This can be experienced in many ways. It can be quite frustrating for an elderly person to realize that they cannot do the tasks they once completed with ease. Making a healthy choice when it comes to diet and lifestyle can help people live comfortably in their old age.

Some of the most common problems experienced by elderly people are:

  • Arthritis: Arthritis is typically experienced in the form of joint pain. It can affect any joint of the body and typically worsens with time. There is no medical cure for arthritis but with the right lifestyle, it can be managed and its progression can be slowed. Exercise is crucial to dealing with arthritis. While it may seem counterintuitive, regular exercise can help the joints stay supple and protect the cartilage between bones. Since obesity, is one of the main risk factors for arthritis, exercise also helps with weight control and hence reduces the risk of suffering from this condition.
  • Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis refers to brittle bones or hollow bones. This is marked by the lowering of bone density that makes them weaker and more prone to fractures. Very often, this condition is not diagnosed until the person has broken a bone. Osteoporosis can be prevented by eating the right diet. Calcium is the building block of our bones and hence, a calcium-rich diet can help prevent and manage osteoporosis.
  • Depression: Many elderly people are affected by depression. In many cases, it is caused by the inability to perform tasks, they once did comfortably and the frustrations of seeing their body get weaker. Depression can lead to a number of other mental disorders if it is not nipped in the bud. The easiest way to prevent depression is by spending at least one hour outdoors every day. Going for a walk or even sitting in the park where the person gets to interact with other people can help improve their mental health.
  • Heart disease: As one grows older, the risk of heart disease increases. People with high cholesterol levels or high blood pressure have an increased risk of heart diseases. Thankfully, eating right can help prevent these conditions. In addition to a well-balanced diet and regular exercise, adding herbs such as garlic, turmeric and cayenne to food have also been known to be beneficial for heart patients.
  • Incontinence: As a person ages, the pelvic muscles weaken and he or she may find it difficult to control their bladder. This can create an embarrassing situation. Kegel exercises are ideal to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and treat incontinence. Drinking a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water each morning can also be helpful in dealing with the problem.

Much of these conditions associated with chronic diseases can be avoided through home remedies and preventive measures such as healthy lifestyle, regular exercise, injury prevention and proper care.

4926 people found this helpful

Osteoporosis Spine Fractures - Sign & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

Dr. Vipin Garg 89% (66 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery
Orthopedist, Gwalior
Osteoporosis Spine Fractures - Sign & Symptoms To Watch Out For!

Osteoporosis is a condition wherein the bones become brittle and weak; so much so that even mildly stressful activities such as coughing, bending over or even a slight fall (such as the one from a high rise chair) can result in fractures. Osteoporosis-related fractures commonly occur in the spine, hip or the wrist. The human body has a continuous mechanism of bone absorption and removal. In case of osteoporosis, the creation of new bones doesn’t happen in accordance with the removal of old bones.

Spinal Fractures:

The bones of the spine get extremely vulnerable to breakage and even cracking open. The fractures in the spine, also known as vertebral compression fractures can cause a sharp stinging pain in the back that may make sitting, standing, or even walking a very tardy task.

Risk Factors:

  1. Increasing age

  2. Abnormally less or high body weight

  3. Smoking

  4. Menopause or low levels of sex hormones

  5. Gender: This disorder is more likely to affect women as compared to men. Also women, who are above 50 are more likely to suffer from this debilitating disorder.

  6. Race is a significant risk factor of osteoporosis. If you are of Asian descent, you are more likely to be affected by it.

  7. Having a family history of osteoporosis will put you at a greater risk of this disorder.


  1. Fractured or collapsed vertebra causing back pain

  2. A stooped posture

  3. A shrunken appearance (as if one has had loss of height)

  4. Very fragile bones, thus increasing risks of fractures

  5. Severe and sudden pain in the back

  6. Difficulty in twisting or bending the body

Lower spine fractures are way more troublesome as compared to fractures in the upper spine. Fracturing more than a bone in the spine also remains a huge possibility.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Firstly, an X-ray or a computerized tomography (CT scan) will be done to have a closer look at the bones. A bone density test is another commonly used method of diagnosing osteoporosis.

  1. Steroids and medications: Some medications may be used to prevent or combat osteoporosis. These include alendronate, ibandronate, risedronate and zoledronic acid.

  2. Physical therapy: Just like muscles, bones get stronger too when you exercise. Weight-bearing and muscle- strengthening exercises are the most helpful in this regard and are considered best for the treatment of osteoporosis. Cardiovascular exercises such as walking, jogging or even swimming can prove to be immensely beneficial.

  3. Diet: Make a diet chart that includes high-calcium food items, dairy products such as yogurt, cheese, and low-fat milk, tofu, green vegetables such as collard greens and broccoli, sea fish such as salmon and sardines.

  4. Salt: Limit salt intake

  5. Therapy: Hormone replacement therapy (treatment method consisting of estrogens to alleviate and treat symptoms of osteoporosis) is another method of treatment that can be recommended by the doctor.

2519 people found this helpful

Old Age - How It Impacts Your Muscles & Bones?

Dr. Amit Shridhar 87% (23 ratings)
MBBS, D (ORTHO), DNB (Orthopedics), MCH (Orthopedic), Spine Fellowship DePUY, Medtronics Spine Fellowship
Orthopedist, Delhi
Old Age - How It Impacts Your Muscles & Bones?

If you are the on the wrong side of your fifties, then you will know the importance of regular checkups to the orthopedist. Aging related physical changes such as greying hair and wrinkles are a few things that you can cope with easily, however, when it comes to the health of your bones and muscles, you need to be very careful. You need to be particular about being active, as it can help reverse or reduce the risks of most of the bone disorders that you may suffer from. Ageing affects both the muscles and bones, but not always in the same manner. So, it is important that you understand how each is affected by ageing.

Changes in your muscles due to aging
As you age, your muscles tend to lose strength and size. This can make you prone to fatigue, weakness and a decrease in your tolerance levels to exercise. The various factors that play a role in this are:

  1. Modifications in your nervous system can impair the ability of the muscle to contract.
  2. The muscle fibers in the body reduce both in size and number.
  3. The replacement rate of the muscle tissue in the body falls.

Changes in your bones due to aging
Ageing impacts the structure of the bone and leads to a loss of the bone tissue. Aging causes low bone mass, thus rendering them weak. This means a simple fall can have a serious effect on your bones.
The various causes that can bring about these changes are:

  1. Loss of vital minerals such as calcium
  2. Being physically inactive
  3. Undergoing hormonal changes in the body such as menopause, wherein the body loses minerals from the bone tissues. In case of men, progressive decline of sex hormones can lead to changes in the bone structure.

Common conditions that affect your musculoskeletal system in your old age:

  1. Osteoporosis: This disorder results from a loss of bone density resulting in fragile bones. This makes the bones highly susceptible to fractures and breakage.
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that usually develops after the age of 40; here, the immune system of the body attacks the body tissues, thus leading to inflammation in your joints.
  3. Osteoarthritis: It is a disorder of the joints which is caused by deterioration of the cartilage that cushions the joints.
3530 people found this helpful

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