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Overview

Atrial Septal Defect: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

How is the treatment done?

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) refers to a hole in between the atria or the upper two chambers of the heart. It is a congenital heart defect where the two chambers are separated by a wall or septum which prevents the flow of blood from one chamber to the other. If not treated at the right time, ASD may lead to heart failure, high blood pressure, pulmonary hypertension, and a shorter life span. The most common form of ASD is Ostium Secundum comprising 6-10% of heart diseases at birth. This results from an enlarged foramen ovale, growth of the septum secundum, or absorption of the septum primum. Factors like genetic disorder, chromosome abnormality often result in heart ailment.

Common symptoms of ASD include fatigue, sweating, rapid breathing or breathlessness, poor growth, frequent respiratory infections, tiredness or lethargy. If diagnosed with ASD the following treatment methods are used: Echocardiogram- sound waves are used to produce video image of the heart which allows the doctor to have a look at the condition of your heart and its pumping strength; Electrocardiogram (ECG)- records the electrical activity and rhythm of your heart; chest X-ray- produces image to show the condition of your heart and lungs; Cardiac catheterization- the doctor diagnoses congenital heart defect by inserting a catheter into your blood vessel to test how well your heart and the valves are functioning; Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)- if ECG fails to detect ASD an MRI is used where magnetic field and radio waves create 3D images of your heart and other organs or tissues within your body; Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan- a series of X-ray create a detailed image of your heart, thereby detecting ASD.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If a person is diagnosed with symptoms of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), the doctor usually recommends regular and frequent monitoring to see if the condition improves by itself. Various tests need to be performed to determine the condition of the disease. Depending on the health condition of the patient, necessary medications are prescribed.

Although medications do not function effectively in closing the hole in your heart, they may be helpful in reducing the complications at the time of a surgery. Certain medications like beta blockers help to keep your heartbeat regular, while anticoagulants reduce the risk of blood clots.

In most cases where children suffer from ASD, doctors recommend a surgery in order to prevent complication or risk at a later age. The two main types of surgeries considered appropriate are: Cardiac catheterization- a thin tube known as a catheter is inserted into the blood vessel in the groin or arm making its way to the heart. Through this catheter a plug is placed to close the hole. The heart tissue grows around the plug, permanently closing the hole; Open-heart surgery- during this surgery the patient has to be given anesthesia. The surgeon uses patches to seal the hole through an incision in the chest.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Atrial Sepal Defect (ASD) is a congenital heart disease which often results from genetic disorder and chromosome abnormality. Children or adults showing symptoms of ASD such as lethargy, fatigue, breathlessness, palpitation etc are eligible for the treatment.

Are there any side effects?

People who do not show symptoms of Atrial Septal Defect, are not eligible for the treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Atrial Septal Defect often lead to some side effects: Pulmonary hypertension- excessive blood flow to your lungs increases the pressure of blood in the lung arteries; Eisenmenger syndrome- this occurs when pulmonary hypertension lead to permanent lung damage and usually occurs over a period of time. Other side effects include shorter life span, stroke, right-sided heart failure, and heart rhythm abnormality.

How long does it take to recover?

There are no fixed guidelines to after the treatment. The doctor usually recommends certain medication, healthy diet and rest for at least a few weeks. Some physical exercises or activities may also be prescribed keeping in mind the patients’ health condition.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Recovery from Atrial Septal Defect surgery usually takes a few weeks keeping in mind the physical fitness and health condition of the patient. During this course of time, doctors recommend necessary medication and some sort of physical activity to keep your body active.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

A surgery performed to treat Atrial Septal Defect normally yields permanent results. However, the surgery may lead to a few side effects or complications like pulmonary hypertension and eisenmenger syndrome.

Safety: Disease Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Popular Health Tips

Do You Have Atrial Fibrillation - All You Need To Know?

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Do You Have Atrial Fibrillation - All You Need To Know?

Atrial fibrillation is a condition that results in rapid heartbeat leading to heart failure, stroke, and other cardiac complications. In this condition, the upper valves of the heart beat irregularly. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include weakness, heart palpitations and shortness of breath. There could be several episodes of Atrial fibrillation. Although it is not life threatening, there could be serious complications owing to the nature of the condition. Atrial fibrillation can also lead to a condition known as the ischemia.

What are the different types of Atrial fibrillation?

  1. Occasional- This condition is also known as paroxysmal fibrillation. Here the symptoms come and go. For few patients, the symptoms might stay for a few minutes, for others, it can stay up to hours before everything becomes normal again.
  2. Persistent- The beat of the heart does not go back to normal. Medication along with electric shocks might be required to amend the condition.
  3. Long-standing persistent- This is the kind of Atrial fibrillation that can last up to 12 months at stretch.
  4. Permanent- This is the type where the erratic rhythm of the heartbeat can’t be restored. Long term medication is required to fix the condition.

What are the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation?
Some of the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation include Coronary artery disease, sleep apnea, viral infection, lung diseases, exposure to tobacco, caffeine, etc, metabolic imbalance, hyperactive thyroid gland, viral infections, congenital heart defects, stress due to illness, pneumonia and surgery, history of heart surgeries etc.

What are the risk factors for Atrial fibrillation?
Here are some of the common risk factors for this condition:

  1. Age plays a critical role in any cardiac related disorder. The older a person is, the greater are the chances of Atrial fibrillation
  2. High blood pressure along with unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of Atrial fibrillation
  3. People with a history of obesity can get this disease
  4. Chronic conditions such as kidney disease, metabolic syndrome, thyroid problems can lead to Atrial fibrillation
  5. People with an existing heart condition such as heart problem, heart palpitation, valve failure, coronary artery disease etc have an increased risk of suffering from Atrial fibrillation.

How is Atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
A doctor might use one of the many tests or diagnostic technique that are available to diagnose this condition:

  1. ECG- This is first but an important test to fathom whether there are any irregularities in the heart beat. The sensor presents in the ECG machine throws heart bit diagram in the form of graphs.
  2. Echocardiogram- This is a technique wherein sound waves are passed through the heart and an image is taken to understand about any possible irregularities. This is a fine test that can readily detect underlying and structural heart diseases.
  3. Blood tests- Blood tests can help to identify any thyroid irregularity or other condition that might lead to Atrial fibrillation. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.
3147 people found this helpful

Risk Associated With Atrial Fibrillation!

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Noida
Risk Associated With Atrial Fibrillation!

Atrial fibrillation is a condition that results in rapid heartbeat leading to heart failure, stroke, and other cardiac complications. In this condition, the upper valves of the heart beat irregularly. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include weakness, heart palpitations and shortness of breath. There could be several episodes of Atrial fibrillation. Although it is not life threatening, there could be serious complications owing to the nature of the condition. Atrial fibrillation can also lead to a condition known as the ischemia.

What are the different types of Atrial fibrillation?

  1. Occasional- This condition is also known as paroxysmal fibrillation. Here the symptoms come and go. For few patients, the symptoms might stay for a few minutes, for others, it can stay up to hours before everything becomes normal again.
  2. Persistent- The beat of the heart does not go back to normal. Medication along with electric shocks might be required to amend the condition.
  3. Long-standing persistent- This is the kind of Atrial fibrillation that can last up to 12 months at stretch.
  4. Permanent- This is the type where the erratic rhythm of the heartbeat can’t be restored. Long term medication is required to fix the condition.

What are the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation?
Some of the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation include Coronary artery disease, sleep apnea, viral infection, lung diseases, exposure to tobacco, caffeine, etc, metabolic imbalance, hyperactive thyroid gland, viral infections, congenital heart defects, stress due to illness, pneumonia and surgery, history of heart surgeries etc.

What are the risk factors for Atrial fibrillation?
Here are some of the common risk factors for this condition:

  1. Age plays a critical role in any cardiac related disorder. The older a person is, the greater are the chances of Atrial fibrillation
  2. High blood pressure along with unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of Atrial fibrillation
  3. People with a history of obesity can get this disease
  4. Chronic conditions such as kidney disease, metabolic syndrome, thyroid problems can lead to Atrial fibrillation
  5. People with an existing heart condition such as heart problem, heart palpitation, valve failure, coronary artery disease etc have an increased risk of suffering from Atrial fibrillation.

How is Atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
A doctor might use one of the many tests or diagnostic technique that are available to diagnose this condition:

  1. ECG- This is first but an important test to fathom whether there are any irregularities in the heart beat. The sensor presents in the ECG machine throws heart bit diagram in the form of graphs.
  2. Echocardiogram- This is a technique wherein sound waves are passed through the heart and an image is taken to understand about any possible irregularities. This is a fine test that can readily detect underlying and structural heart diseases.
  3. Blood tests- Blood tests can help to identify any thyroid irregularity or other condition that might lead to Atrial fibrillation.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2987 people found this helpful

Possible Causes And Risk Factors Of Atrial Fibrillation

M.Ch - Cardio Thoracic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Cardiologist, Durgapur
Possible Causes And Risk Factors Of Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is a condition that results in rapid heartbeat leading to heart failure, stroke, and other cardiac complications. In this condition, the upper valves of the heart beat irregularly. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include weakness, heart palpitations and shortness of breath. There could be several episodes of Atrial fibrillation. Although it is not life threatening, there could be serious complications owing to the nature of the condition. Atrial fibrillation can also lead to a condition known as the ischemia.

What are the different types of Atrial fibrillation?

  1. Occasional- This condition is also known as paroxysmal fibrillation. Here the symptoms come and go. For few patients, the symptoms might stay for a few minutes, for others, it can stay up to hours before everything becomes normal again.
  2. Persistent- The beat of the heart does not go back to normal. Medication along with electric shocks might be required to amend the condition.
  3. Long-standing persistent- This is the kind of Atrial fibrillation that can last up to 12 months at stretch.
  4. Permanent- This is the type where the erratic rhythm of the heartbeat can’t be restored. Long term medication is required to fix the condition.

What are the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation?
Some of the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation include Coronary artery disease, sleep apnea, viral infection, lung diseases, exposure to tobacco, caffeine, etc, metabolic imbalance, hyperactive thyroid gland, viral infections, congenital heart defects, stress due to illness, pneumonia and surgery, history of heart surgeries etc.

What are the risk factors for Atrial fibrillation?
Here are some of the common risk factors for this condition:

  1. Age plays a critical role in any cardiac related disorder. The older a person is, the greater are the chances of Atrial fibrillation
  2. High blood pressure along with unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of Atrial fibrillation
  3. People with a history of obesity can get this disease
  4. Chronic conditions such as kidney disease, metabolic syndrome, thyroid problems can lead to Atrial fibrillation
  5. People with an existing heart condition such as heart problem, heart palpitation, valve failure, coronary artery disease etc have an increased risk of suffering from Atrial fibrillation.

How is Atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
A doctor might use one of the many tests or diagnostic technique that are available to diagnose this condition:

  1. ECG- This is first but an important test to fathom whether there are any irregularities in the heart beat. The sensor presents in the ECG machine throws heart bit diagram in the form of graphs.
  2. Echocardiogram- This is a technique wherein sound waves are passed through the heart and an image is taken to understand about any possible irregularities. This is a fine test that can readily detect underlying and structural heart diseases.
  3. Blood tests- Blood tests can help to identify any thyroid irregularity or other condition that might lead to Atrial fibrillation.
2 people found this helpful

Atrial Fibrillation Symptoms, Types and Treatment

MBBS, PG Diploma in Clinical Cardiology, Fellowship in Non invasive cardiology
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
Atrial Fibrillation   Symptoms, Types and Treatment

We all know about the heartbeat, which is produced by the opening and closing of the valves in the heart, which in turn controls our blood flow. There is a regular pattern to this beat, and when, due to various reasons, it becomes irregular, it is known as arrhythmia. Atrial fibrillation, known shortly as AFib, is one of the common types of arrhythmia.

Why AFib: The heart has an electrical impulse system, which controls the opening/closing of its valves. Due to various changes, be it lifestyle, dietary, or regular wear and tear, this electrical system is affected and so the valves do not function properly. This leads to altered rhythm, and when it happens on the right side of the heart, in the valves between the two atria, it is known as atrial fibrillation.

Signs and Symptoms: It is not something which shows up as soon as the onset happens. It is a gradual condition, and many people with AFib may go for months with no symptoms. There could be general symptoms like fatigue and headaches. Gradually, more symptoms like heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, occasional chest pain, or fainting set in. It is usually when workup for some other disease is being done.

Monitoring the pulse or heartbeat is one of the best ways to keep a check on the condition.

Types: There are different forms of it – paroxysmal, persistent, and permanent. In the first one, there are brief bursts of AFib lasting less than 7 days. With gradual progression, symptoms are more frequent and last longer, converting into persistent AFib, which lasts longer than 7 days. If the condition is longstanding and the doctor (as well as the patient) have decided not to treat it, it is permanent AFib.

Risk Factors: The chances of developing AFib increase with family history, age, obesity, smoking, hyperthyroidism, chronic lung diseases, and sleep apnea.

Living with AFib: It is a longstanding condition, and the following precautions are necessary, which are generally heart-healthy.

  1. Quit Smoking: In addition to the multiple benefits of quitting, managing AFib is one.

  2. Diet Changes: Change to a heart-healthy diet with whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, increased fish oils, reduced fat, reduced salt and sugar etc.

  3. Work It Out: Get into an exercise regimen. Discuss with your doctor to identify and agree on the type and level of exercise. This helps manage weight and stress, both essential for controlling AFib.

  4. Manage Alcohol Consumption: Avoid excess consumption of alcoholic beverages. Avoid them completely if they trigger symptoms.

If you have the risk factors for AFib, implementing these changes earlier than the onset of symptoms can help delay progress and reduce severity of the symptoms. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.

3013 people found this helpful

7 Hidden Atrial Fibrillation Dangers

PGD In Ultraasonography, Non Invasive Cardiology Course, MD - Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Narnaul
7 Hidden Atrial Fibrillation Dangers

When you are diagnosed with atrial fibrillation, or afib, the most common type of irregular heartbeat, putting your heart back in its proper rhythm is only half the goal. Stroke prevention is the other.

Both objectives require rethinking certain foods and medications that once seemed innocuous and now could be a danger to your health. From common over-the-counter drugs to some of the healthiest vegetables on the planet, here's a list of atrial fibrillation dangers to sidestep.

Caffeine can trigger atrial fibrillation

Chugging cup after cup of coffee may help you stay awake, but too much caffeine can be an atrial fibrillation trigger, causing more frequent episodes of the irregular heartbeat. The same goes for caffeine pills, energy drinks, and other caffeine-containing substances.

" they [energy drinks] have the capacity to make afib worse or more frequent, even in people who have never had afib before" says larry chinitz, md, a cardiologist and professor of medicine at nyu langone medical center in new york city. But, Dr. Chinitz notes, when you have afib, only excessive caffeine intake is a problem, so you can sip a latte here or there without any trouble.

Alcohol can be toxic to your heart

Think twice before you order that next round alcohol and atrial fibrillation can be a dangerous combination. Alcohol in excessive amounts is a depressant to the brain, but a stimulant to the heart. This stimulation can worsen or instigate afib episodes.

" it's also a direct toxin to the heart muscle" chinitz says. Sometimes, heavy drinking over a short period of time can cause episodes of atrial fibrillation in people who have not been previously diagnosed with it, a condition known as holiday heart syndrome.

Cold and allergy medications can trigger afib

For most people, nonprescription medications for stuffy and runny noses are fine, but cold/allergy medicine and atrial fibrillation don't mix well. Use caution when taking these remedies because they could cause more frequent episodes of an irregular heartbeat.

" all medications that are trying to decrease secretions or dilate the airways or lungs are all direct stimulants to the heart" chinitz explains. A few common stimulating over-the-counter (otc) medications to watch out for include actifed (chlorpheniramine and phenylephrine), sudafed (pseudoephedrine), and contac (acetaminophen, chlorpheniramine, and phenylephrine), though others may present the same atrial fibrillation dangers. Talk to your doctor before taking any of these medications if you have afib.

Leafy green vegetables affect blood clotting

Whoever thought that veggies could be bad for you? but as it turns out, some of them can be dangerous if you have atrial fibrillation. If you're on a blood thinner such as warfarin (coumadin, jantoven) for atrial fibrillation to prevent stroke, you should carefully monitor your intake of green leafy vegetables like spinach and kale, which contain high amounts of vitamin k.

Vitamin k can counteract the blood-thinning effects of warfarin, making some veggies atrial fibrillation dangers. But you don't have to give up vitamin k for afib management; the key is to eat about the same amount of k-rich foods every day" you shouldn't have none for a month and then huge amounts over the course of a few days" chinitz says.

Vitamins and herbal supplement cautions

Though otc supplements are often thought of as harmless, some of them can affect atrial fibrillation. Vitamin e, for example, has a blood-thinning effect so if you're on a blood thinner, talk to your doctor before taking it. The same goes for herbal medications that have a stimulant effect, like ma huang (chinese ephedra) and st. John's wort.

Extreme exercise puts a strain on your heart

For most people with atrial fibrillation, moderate exercise isn't a problem and can be beneficial by helping you control your weight and improve your mood. But a few people with afib find that particularly difficult workouts can launch a fibrillation episode" we do caution those people against excessive amounts [of exercise]" chinitz says" but most people's exercise routines are not affected"

If you notice irregular heart rhythms during or just after a workout, talk with your doctor about the best way to proceed so that healthy workouts don't turn into atrial fibrillation dangers.

Stress, anxiety, and depression weigh on the heart

Emotions can play a role in bringing on an atrial fibrillation episode. People with afib who have more severe anxiety and depression symptoms may have more afib episodes than people with less-severe anxiety and depression. To help reduce stress and lower your risk of an afib episode, pay close attention to your emotions and schedule relaxing activities that you enjoy.

If your stress, anxiety, or depression becomes overwhelming, talk to a healthcare professional about ways to lighten your emotional load.

Popular Questions & Answers

Im suffering from asd Atrial septal defect. It is 2.27 to 2.58 cms .it will be cure with device closure or not?

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
hello, liberate user, it depend upon the severity of individual case, some times surgical intervention might be needed to repair atrial septal defect. the care.

My daughter age 8 months old with congenital heart defect, recently echocardiogram report says ostium secundum atrial septal defect sizes of 0.8mm diameter, left to right shunt. No feeding problem. Is it necessary for open heart surgery to close the hole now at these age?

MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Ranchi
Hello thanks for the query first of all I would like to know the exact size of atrial septal defect (asd. I think it should be 0.8 cm not 0.8 mm (as 0.8 mm asd will not cause any significant problem). The management depends on the following parameters 1) growth of the baby, 2) how frequent she is getting symptomatic 3) how severe are the symptoms 4) what is the exact hemodynamic finding in the echo (including pulmonary pressure) 8 mm asd considered to be large and chances of spontaneous closure is less. The weight and height you have mentioned is appropriate for age. Also I would like to know the margin of the defects. As on the basis of rims of the defect we can decide whether device closure can be done to avoid the open heart surgery. I request you to give detail history and to attach the echo report so that I better able to help you out. Regards.
1 person found this helpful

My Son (D.O.B.- 05th Oct 2017) is suffered from Ventricular septal defect (06 mm) & Atrial Septal Defect (04 mm. His Surgery is recommended by AIIMS-Delhi, & surgery is expected in coming months. My question is about using DTaP-Pentaxim (Pain-Less) or DPT-Pentavac (Pain-Full). Baby weight is also seems not utpo the mark & feels little lower from standard charts. Since starting we are injecting DTaP-Pentaxim (Pain-Less). Please suggest do I need to move for Pain-Full? Because i've read over google that pain-less is not so effective. Also suggest if anything else you wish to. Thank you in advance.

MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query for your son thoroughly.* Practically there are no major advantages of Pentavac over Pentaxim, so I do not recommend switching over it and increase pain to the baby. Hope this clears your query. Wishing him fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards take care.
1 person found this helpful

I wanted know about Ventricular Septal Defect. Is it genetic or acquired? How it affect on day to day life & it's future consequence on pregnancy. Thanks.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Vsd is by birth, a congenital anomaly, not genetic or aquired. When there is a hole between 2 chambers of lower heart which pump the blood to entire body & to lungs for purification with fresh oxygen, the pumping action of heart will be affected for sure. Luckily the defect can be corrected but not during pregnancy. Depends upon symptoms. Avoid extra load on heart by rest, avoid swelling on body by reducing salt, eat more proteins to help baby grow faster & do operation to deliver the baby according to symptoms shown by mother about her heart being affected or not, she can carry the baby to full term at 36 weeks or an early delivery needs to be planned. But vsd is not inherited. Be sure to have a normal baby.
2 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
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As I mentioned, some people are born with some defects, starting from nose, face, limbs or anywhere in the body. All these led to a problem if not corrected. These correctable deformities need to be corrected at certain stages. This is the Congenital birth defects.

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So, is there any emergency for surgery. Whenever the intestine comes up, either they stuck or obstructed and you start vomiting or absolute constipation. And some of the blood supply to that part of intestine gets stuck and the skin around the hernia defects starts turning into blue, start turning into fever than it becomes an emergency. Right I said an internal hernia needs high emergency. Most of the surgeries are not emergency. And in old patients, you can avoid some of these surgeries. There are various reasons that why hernia might need to operate. Sometimes you need to make lifestyle changes. Especially in hiatal hernia you might have to sleep at 30 degree of position, eat your meals and walk at least for half an hour. Try to avoid lifting heavy weights.

Try to avoid anything which is very acidic, dark coffee, dark chocolates or the citric drinks. In terms of lifestyle changes, you have to avoid lifting weight after having surgery. All you try to prevent holding stress. How do we treat the hernia? A hernia is the defect in the muscles definitely come with any kind of medications. Gone are the days when we used to do open surgeries for hernia to now laparoscopic and robotic surgery. Very less scars with these surgery. So, most surgeries either gives few stitches or place a piece of pen which is an artificial material which covers the defects. These surgeries work really well. When sometimes if you use 2 smaller size of large defects and if surgeries are not done correctly or you have not taken proper stitches or it will pull the muscles too tight than you can get the recurrence of hernia.

Sometimes, the defects are too large, then you have to go for new techniques called AWR abdominal wall hernia repair or the trans-abdominal repair of hernia wherein you pull muscles the sides and put them closer. In the case of hiatal hernia, laparoscopic surgery is done to repair the muscles defect. In case of an internal hernia, again it is the case of emergency, you have to bring the intestine through the defect, bring it out and than close it with surgery. For all those who want to get in touch with me, consult me, seek an appointment, please do consult me through lybrate.com.
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Hello Everyone,

I am Dr. Sanket Pisat. I am a consultant Gynecological Laparoscopic surgeon practicing in Adheri in Mumbai.

And today we are going to talk about fertility enhancing Endoscopic Surgeries, no as you all may be appear infertility is a very common problem that is faced by a lot of couples these days which is basically inability to get pregnant. Now while there can be several problems as to why a couple cannot conceive children. One of the main causes is that in the light of more career option family and child bearing take a back seat until a very advance age. Sadly the body clock cannot be turned back and it does not really wait for us. There can be many causes as to a woman doesn t get pregnant but in at least 50 % of the cases, actual cause can be found and located within the reproductive system of the woman itself. So after confirming that the male partner does not have any particular problem for which he should be treated, it is worthwhile to look into the defects of the female reproductive system and if thee defects can be corrected than pregnancy can be achieved rather simply. Now there can be a lot of defects ranging from a very small opening of the cervix which is the entry point of the uterus to poorly growing lining of the endometrial cavity which is the inside of the uterus to fibroids in the uterus or cyst in the ovary or even blocked tubes. All of these problems can be corrected by a procedure which is called diagnostic laparoscopy and hysteroscopy. Laparoscopy is basically the examining of the insides of the abdomen and reproductive organs using the camera system. Using this camera system we are able to examine every aspect of the female reproductive system and any correctable problems for example if there is a fibroid seen or if the tubes are blocked, those can be corrected at the same instant. It s a very simple procedure, requires a single day of admission and the entire procedure is done through one or two small sized cuts on the abdomen so the patient is virtually painless after and can go immediately. Likewise there is another advance procedure called hysteroscopy, in which the inside of the uterine cavity where the baby actually grows can be examined using a camera system and a lot of defects namely, you may have defects that are congenital origin or they are since birth uterine septa or there may be am excessive band formation between the uterine cavity cynic or small growth within the uterine cavity called fibroid of polyps. Many of the times these small growth or small pathologies cannot be seen by diagnostic modalities like ultrasound, CT scan or MRI. Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy give us option of being able to diagnose these findings and treat these findings at the small instance which is almost one day procedure and the patient walks away with hardly any pain or hardly any sequelly. To summarize, fertility enhancing endoscopy surgery holds tremendous for the infertile couple in home. Small pathology which have not being diagnosed which have actually being the cause of their infertility and on surgical correction of these fertility in a single sitting it is possible for the couple to achieve pregnancy without really going for multiple or expensive treatment options like In Vito Fertilization and test tube babies.

If you have any further query regarding this matter lease fell free to contact me through Lybrate.
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