Acne refers to a skin condition which occurs when hair follicles on the skin get plugged with oil, dead skin cells and dirt. These substances clog the pores present in the skin and lead to pimples. There are various types of acne, categorized on the basis of their severity and appearance – blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, cysts, nodules and acne conglobate.
The treatment for acne is focused on removing the acne causing bacteria and excess oil from the skin. The treatment also reduces oiliness of the skin. Different treatments include oral medications, medical procedures, and topical medications.
Oral medications refer to drugs which help to treat acne in moderate and severe cases. Some drugs are available over the counter while others are available only when prescribed by doctors.
Medical procedures are used to treat acne when the symptoms are severe. The procedures are usually performed in a doctor’s clinic. Drainage and extraction, laser therapy along with chemical peels and microdermabrasion are some of these medical procedures.
The various types of treatments are explained below:
Any person suffering from mild to moderate acne can resort to topical medications and oral drugs. However, one needs to check the composition of these products to make sure it will suit them. Otherwise, they may face adverse effects.
In case the person is suffering from severe acne, he/she can treat it via medical procedures.
People with sensitive skin.
People suffering from keloid scars should avoid the medical procedures to treat acne.
People with darker skin tones should avoid the laser treatment as they may suffer from loss of pigmentation.
Side effects of the acne treatment vary according to the method of treatment. They are:
One of the most important guidelines that one must follow during the treatment as well as post treatment is to avoid the sun.
One should try to keep the infected area clean. He/she should use cleaners/face washes as recommended by the doctor.
The person should try to maintain a healthy diet and avoid consuming spicy food.
In the case of medical procedures, it’s recommended to visit the doctor after a day or two of the treatment. This will enable the doctor to analyze the condition and provide him/her with further guidelines.
Recovery time varies from person to person. It largely depends on the skin type of the patient as well as the treatment opted for. People with normal skin tone react quicker to the treatment while people with sensitive skin tone may face certain complications which increase the recovery time.
The laser treatment cost varies between Rs. 1000/- to Rs.30000/-. The cost of various application-based products and oral medicines also vary depending on the brand.
Most of the treatments usually provide steady results. External factors like pollution and dirt may bring back the occurrence of acne. In case the patient does not follow a healthy diet, chances are that the acne will recur.
Apart from these treatments, one can opt for various homeopathy and ayurvedic methods to cure acne. Home remedies and a healthy lifestyle can also help eradicate acne.