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Acne Treatment - Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Acne refers to a skin condition which occurs when hair follicles on the skin get plugged with oil, dead skin cells and dirt. These substances clog the pores present in the skin and lead to pimples. There are various types of acne, categorized on the basis of their severity and appearance – blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, cysts, nodules and acne conglobate.

The treatment for acne is focused on removing the acne causing bacteria and excess oil from the skin. The treatment also reduces oiliness of the skin. Different treatments include oral medications, medical procedures, and topical medications.

Oral medications refer to drugs which help to treat acne in moderate and severe cases. Some drugs are available over the counter while others are available only when prescribed by doctors.

Medical procedures are used to treat acne when the symptoms are severe. The procedures are usually performed in a doctor’s clinic. Drainage and extraction, laser therapy along with chemical peels and microdermabrasion are some of these medical procedures.

Topical medications refer to the lotions, gels, creams that promote acne healing. These medicines contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid which controls the amount of oil secreted by the skin.

How is the treatment done?

The various types of treatments are explained below:

  • Antibiotics that are a part of oral medication kill the bacteria that resides inside the pores of the skin.
  • Birth control pills regulate the hormone levels which improve acne symptoms in the fairer sex. However, these pills should not be consumed during pregnancy.
  • Isotretinoin belongs to the retinoid family and is considered to be a strong drug for treating severe cases of acne. Consumption of this drug reduces the oil glands’ size, as a result of which the oil secretion is reduced. This drug is available only when prescribed by a doctor.
  • Drainage and extraction method is mainly used to treat cystic acne. In this method, a doctor manually drains out the large cysts that form under the skin. Along with this, fluids, pus, dead skin and dirt are also removed. This helps in reducing the pain as well as the infection. At times, steroids or antibiotics are injected into the infected area to speed up the healing process.
  • In laser therapy, laser light is used to reduce the growth and amount of acne-causing bacteria The laser light penetrates the skin and eventually kills the bacteria present on the skin. This treatment is cost efficient and painless.
  • Chemical peels and microdermabrasion are used to remove the topmost layer of the skin. This treatment is used to effectively remove whiteheads and the blackheads.
  • Topical medications like gel, cream and lotion are applied as a thin coat on the surface of the skin. These products reduce the oil secreted by the body. They also help in killing the bacteria that causes acne.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any person suffering from mild to moderate acne can resort to topical medications and oral drugs. However, one needs to check the composition of these products to make sure it will suit them. Otherwise, they may face adverse effects.

In case the person is suffering from severe acne, he/she can treat it via medical procedures.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People with sensitive skin.

People suffering from keloid scars should avoid the medical procedures to treat acne.

People with darker skin tones should avoid the laser treatment as they may suffer from loss of pigmentation.

Are there any side effects?

Side effects of the acne treatment vary according to the method of treatment. They are:

  • Topical medications may cause skin irritation and dryness along with peeling. However, these are temporary in nature and heal as the body adapts to the medication.
  • Consumption of oral medications can have side effects like stomach upset, dizziness, nausea, etc.
  • Certain medical procedures may result in the formation of large scars and depigmentation.
  • Apart from these, you may witness swelling of the face, difficulty in breathing, tightness in the throat, allergies, rashes, etc.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

One of the most important guidelines that one must follow during the treatment as well as post treatment is to avoid the sun.

One should try to keep the infected area clean. He/she should use cleaners/face washes as recommended by the doctor.

The person should try to maintain a healthy diet and avoid consuming spicy food.

In the case of medical procedures, it’s recommended to visit the doctor after a day or two of the treatment. This will enable the doctor to analyze the condition and provide him/her with further guidelines.

How long does it take to recover?

Recovery time varies from person to person. It largely depends on the skin type of the patient as well as the treatment opted for. People with normal skin tone react quicker to the treatment while people with sensitive skin tone may face certain complications which increase the recovery time.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The laser treatment cost varies between Rs. 1000/- to Rs.30000/-. The cost of various application-based products and oral medicines also vary depending on the brand.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Most of the treatments usually provide steady results. External factors like pollution and dirt may bring back the occurrence of acne. In case the patient does not follow a healthy diet, chances are that the acne will recur.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Apart from these treatments, one can opt for various homeopathy and ayurvedic methods to cure acne. Home remedies and a healthy lifestyle can also help eradicate acne.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 23 year old and my skin is red in bottom of cheeks and some acne, red scars also. So can I use tocan pimple care soap once in week for long time.

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples. These factors can trigger or aggravate acne: hormones, certain medications, diet, stress. To pr...

Aoa Dr. 3'4 years sy mery face py acne ha kbi khtm ho jati ha tu kbi start lkn acne scars hn face py skin b oily ha jis ki wja sy colour b dull ho rha ha open pores b r mn koe b cream jcy k fair nd lovely etc b ni lga skti. Kindly mjy koe complete treatment bta dyn jis mn facewash sunblock acne cream r whitening cream sb ho i'll be very thankful to you.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Chinta mat karna. It can be improved. Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on the gr...

I am 37 years old female, suffering from acne since 22 yrs, I have severe acne and had treatment many times. Dr. prescribed minoz, after that isotroin like this when ever I had severe acne, treatment after 3 to 6 months it will be ok but it retains. Again I have same problem from 3 months initially it was less but now it is more. I can not bare the pain infection is more. please do the needful.

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
1.Toothpaste-- you just apply a thin layer of toothpaste on the affected area and leave it dry for 25 minutes, then rinse it. You are advised to do that every two days and maintain this work during two weeks. 2.Lemon-- to remove blackheads/ whiteh...
1 person found this helpful

Hello sir I am yasir, my age is 25 and I am suffering from occasionally acne and oily hair hairloss, front portion hair totally lost I am eating evion 200+biotin 5 mg daily with finalo 0.5 mg daily, but my hair are not getting enough thick.

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
Do you have dandruff problem also. Regularly wash your hair with mild shampoo. 1. Vitamin for hair loss.(a, b and c) 2. Enrich diet with protein. 3. Do warm coconut oil massage. Take coconut oil and heat it up so that it is warm, but not too hot. ...
1 person found this helpful

माझ् वय 23 आहे. माझ्या चेहऱ्यावर पिंपल्स आणि काळपट पण अल्ला आहे तर मित्राने मला isotretinoin कॅप्सुल हा उपाय सांगितला तर मी ही घेऊ शकतो का.

BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples. These factors can trigger or aggravate acne: hormones, certain medications, diet, stress. To pr...

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