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Propranolol

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required
Last Updated: November 09, 2019

Propranolol is a beta-blocker and is used to treat irregular heartbeats, high blood pressure, excessive migraines, chest pain from angina, anxiety and to prevent heart attacks.

This medication is a beta-blocking agent that attaches itself to the heart and inhibits the regular molecules from triggering the receptors. It blocks the beta-adrenergic receptors in the heart, thus slowing your heartbeat down and lowering the blood pressure. This lowers the stress placed on your heart, arteries, veins and blood vessels, decreasing the workload of the heart.

It is available in capsules, tablets and an oral solution. The medicine must be taken according to the doctor’s prescription. The doctor might recommend taking it two, three or even four times a day. You must complete the course of this medication otherwise it can cause you to develop withdrawal symptoms.

The medicine might not be suitable for everyone as it can have harmful effects on people with certain conditions. Before beginning a course of this medication, you need to notify your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or suffering from conditions such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, psoriasis, liver or kidney problems, have a severe heart condition.

Information given here is based on the salt content of the medicine. Uses and effects of the medicine may vary from person to person. It is advisable to consult a Cardiologist before using this medicine.

The medication can treat the below provided problems:

A patient can suffer from the following side effects:

  • Nausea Or Vomiting

  • Dizziness

  • Headache

  • Itching Or Rash

  • Nervousness

  • Hallucination

  • Fatigue

  • How long is the duration of effect?

    The effect of this medicine lasts for about 9 hours of duration.
  • What is the onset of action?

    The effect of this medicine can be observed within an hour of administration.
  • Are there any pregnancy warnings?

    The use of this medicine is not recommended for pregnant women as there is a lack of conclusive evidence from clinical studies.
  • Is it habit forming?

    Mild to moderate habit forming tendencies have been reported and hence requires careful administration and withdrawal.
  • Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

    This medicine is not likely to be present in the breastmilk in alarming quantities.
  • Are there any missed dose instructions?

    Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. The missed dose can be skipped if it is almost time for the next scheduled dose. Try not to miss any dose as the quantity and timings are very specific and non-adherence could cause some side effects.
  • Are there any overdose instructions?

    Report any incidence of overdose to the doctor immediately as the symptoms can be fatal especially if it is consumed by a child or a person using it without prescription. Symptoms of overdose may include slow rate of breathing, decreased heartbeat rate, severe drowsiness, and fainting. Immediate medical attention may be required if the symptoms are severe.
  • India

  • United States

  • Japan

Below is the list of medicines, which contains Propranolol as ingredient

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The exact mechanism of action of this medication for all the indications is not established. However, this medicine non-selectively blocks beta receptors sites in the heart, blood vessels, lungs, and other organs. Thus pressure is lowered and blood flow in the heart and other organs is improved.

Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.

  • Interaction with Disease

    Liver Disease

    This medication should be given with caution if you are suffering from impaired liver function especially where the disease is in advanced stages. Suitable dose adjustment should be done based on the extent of impairment.

    Kidney Disease

    This medication should be given with caution if you are suffering from kidney impairment. Suitable adjustments in dose and time duration between two doses might be required based on the extent of impairment.
  • Interaction with Alcohol

    Ethanol

    Avoid or limit the use of alcohol while you are taking this medicine. Any activity requiring a high level of mental alertness like operating heavy machinery or driving should be avoided.
  • Interaction with Medicine

    Selegiline

    Report the usage of either of the medications to the doctor. It is advised to stop the usage of Selegiline 14 days prior to using the medicine and vice versa. Any symptom like confusion, hallucination, seizure, fever and blurred vision should be reported on priority. A similar approach is to be followed for medicines belonging to the same group i.e Rasagelline, Phenelzine, etc.

    Fluoxetine

    Report the usage of either of the medicines to the doctor. Any symptom like confusion, hallucination, seizure, fever and blurred vision should be reported on priority. The likelihood of getting an adverse effect is very high if you are suffering from seizures, undergoing alcohol or drug withdrawal, or have a disease of the brain like tumor or trauma. Do not stop the usage of any medication without consulting your doctor.

    Ofloxacin

    Report the usage of either of the medicines to the doctor. Suitable dose adjustment and close clinical monitoring may be required. The likelihood of getting an adverse effect is very high if you are suffering from seizures, undergoing alcohol or drug withdrawal, or have a disease of the brain like tumor or trauma. An appropriate substitute can be prescribed by the doctor in such cases.

    Theophylline

    Report the usage of either of the medicines to the doctor. Suitable dose adjustment and close clinical monitoring may be required. The likelihood of getting an adverse effect is very high if you are suffering from seizures, undergoing alcohol or drug withdrawal, or have a disease of the brain like tumor or trauma. An appropriate substitute can be prescribed by the doctor in such cases.

    Amitriptyline

    Report the usage of either of the medicines to the doctor. Suitable dose adjustment and close clinical monitoring may be required. The likelihood of getting an adverse effect is very high if you are suffering from seizures, undergoing alcohol or drug withdrawal, or have a disease of the brain like tumor or trauma. An appropriate substitute can be prescribed by the doctor in such cases.

    Ketoconazole

    Report the usage of either of the medications to the doctor so that suitable adjustment in dose can be done. Side effects such as drowsiness, impaired thinking, difficulty in breathing, and low blood pressure should be reported to the doctor. Do not discontinue the use of any medicine without consulting your doctor.

    Warfarin

    Report the usage of either of the medicine to the doctor. You may require a dose adjustment based on the certain tests to determine the clotting time of blood. Signs and symptoms such as unusual bleeding, vomiting, blood in urine and stools, headache etc should be reported immediately to the doctor.

    Codeine

    Report the usage of either of the medication to the doctor. Suitable dose adjustments and safety monitoring might be required in such cases. Signs and symptoms like difficulty in breathing, tremors, restlessness, lack of balance while walking etc should be reported to the doctor promptly.

Ques: What is Propranolol?

Ans: This medication is a salt drug that acts as a beta-blocker that is used for the treatment and prevention of diseases such as high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats, migraine headaches, and angina pectoris.

Ques: What are the uses of Propranolol?

Ans: This is a medication, which is used for the treatment and prevention from conditions such as high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats, migraine headaches, and angina pectoris.

Ques: What are the Side Effects of Propranolol?

Ans: Here are some side effects of this medicine which are dizziness, lightheadedness, stomach pain, vision changes, sleeping troubles, vomiting, nausea, and swollen ankles or feet.

Ques: What are the instructions for storage and disposal Propranolol?

Ans: This medication should be kept in a cool dry place and in its original packaging. Make sure this medication remains unreachable to children and pets.
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

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Table of Content
About Propranolol
What are the uses of Propranolol
What are the contraindications of Propranolol ?
What are the side effects of Propranolol ?
Key highlights of Propranolol
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Propranolol approved?
Medicines containing Propranolol
How does this medication work?
What are the interactions of Propranolol ?
FAQs about Propranolol