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Overview

Arifine 5 MG Tablet

Manufacturer: Icon Lifesciences
Medicine composition: Aripiprazole
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Arifine 5 MG Tablet treats the symptoms of psychotic conditions such as schizophrenia, tourette's disorder, bipolar I disorder, or symptoms of autistic disorder like irritability, temper tantrums, aggression, mood swings, and self-injury. If used together with other medicines, it can treat depressive disorders in adults. It only controls the symptoms but cannot be used to cure the disease.

Arifine 5 MG Tablet an antipsychotic medication. It restores the balance of certain natural chemicals in the brain which decreases hallucinations and improves your concentration. It controls your mood swings and decreases how often mood swings occur.

You should not take Arifine 5 MG Tablet if you are allergic to it, if you suffer from dementia or are breastfeeding. Before starting the medication, inform your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:

Some side effects like dizziness, nausea, excess saliva, vomiting, tiredness, blurred vision, headache, weight gain, constipation, and trouble sleeping may occur. Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including fainting, depression, suicidal thoughts, restlessness, increased anxiety, shaking, muscle spasm, seizures, fever and persistent sore throat.

The dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, age, and other medications you may be taking. Your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. This is done to reduce the risk of side effects. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.

Arifine 5 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of schizophrenia which is a brain disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, reduced speaking.
Arifine 5 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of bipolar disorder which is a brain disorder characterized by unusual shifts in the mood like hyperactivity and tiredness.
Arifine 5 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of depression which is a brain disorder characterized by feeling sad, irritable and devoid of energy.
Not recommended in the patients allergic to Arifine 5 MG Tablet or other antipsychotics.
In addition to its intended effect, Arifine 5 MG Tablet may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Muscle stiffness Major Common
Restlessness Major Common
Blurred vision Major Less Common
Dizziness Major Less Common
Headache Major Less Common
Acid or sour stomach Minor Common
Anxiety Minor Common
Dry mouth Minor Common
Running Nose Minor Common
Weight gain Minor Common
Tremors Minor Less Common
Tingling of hands and feet Minor Less Common
Duration of effect
The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 3 to 4 days.
Onset of action
The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 1 to 3 hours for an immediate release tablet and 5 to 7 hours for an extended release tablet.
Pregnancy warnings
This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women. Use only if clearly needed when no safer alternative is available.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendency has been reported
Breast-feeding warnings
This medicine is known to be excreted in human breast milk. It is not recommended for breastfeeding women. Use only if clearly needed when no safer alternative is available.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Arifine 5 MG Tablet, and hence can be used as its substitute.
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Sun Pharma Laboratories Ltd
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Missed Dose instructions
If you miss a dose of Arifine 5 MG Tablet, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed dose.
Overdose instructions
Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Dementia Major
This medicine is not recommended in the patients with dementia-related psychosis as it increases the risk of heart diseases like heart failure and infectious diseases like pneumonia. An alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol Moderate
Consumption of alcohol with this medicine is not recommended as it can result in dizziness and difficulty in concentration. Avoid activities that need mental alertness like driving or operating machinery.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Ketoconazole Moderate
Azole antifungal agents like Ketoconazole and Itraconazole should be avoided when you are Arifine 5 MG Tablet due to the risk of increased concentrations of the medicine in the body which may cause dizziness, dry mouth, and irregular heart beats. Inform the doctor if you are receiving these medicines when you are prescribed with Arifine 5 MG Tablet and dose adjustments or an alternative medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Metoclopramide Major
Concomitant use of these medicines is not recommended due to the increase the risk of abnormal body movements of face and limbs. Inform the doctor if you experience any symptoms of abnormal body movements, jerking of arms and legs.
Antidiabetic medicines Moderate
The desired effect of antidiabetic agents may not be achieved when taken with Arifine 5 MG Tablet. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is necessary. Inform the doctor if you develop any symptoms like excessive thirst, increased in the frequency of urination. Dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
Antihypertensives Moderate
You may experience hypotensive effects like dizziness, lightheadedness if these medicines are used together. Regular monitoring of blood pressure is necessary. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement of the medicine should be made under the doctor's supervision.
What are you using Arifine 5 MG Tablet for?
Depression
Schizophrenia
Bipolar Disorder
How much was the improvement?
Average
Excellent
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
More than 2 days
Within 6 hours
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Once a day
Twice a day
How did you take this medicine?
With Food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Anxiety
Dry Mouth
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am taking lithium 400 mg, serta 50, arifine 0.25,betacap tr 20 and lonaa 1 mg. Can I take 2 piece of dry figs daily. Does it cause any problems?

Diploma in Clinical Nutrition, Certified Diabetes Educator, Diploma in Sport & Exercise Nutrition, Diploma in Human Nutrition, Lifestyle Medicine, BSC IN LIFE SCIENCES
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
I am taking lithium 400 mg, serta 50, arifine 0.25,betacap tr 20 and lonaa 1 mg. Can I take 2 piece of dry figs daily...
You can take all kinds of nuts and dry fruits. That has nothing to do with your medication. Take plenty of fruits also.
1 person found this helpful

My daughter in bipolar she is taking olzeanplus 20 mg with arifine 5 mg for the past 2 month. Now doctor advice to take altura 40 mg. After taking the take tablet for 15 days she is ok from depression. Bt now she is more annixety pinching, slapping too much enthuastic. My question is is the tablet is good .can we continue .pls give a answer.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
My daughter in bipolar she is taking olzeanplus 20 mg with arifine 5 mg for the past 2 month. Now doctor advice to ta...
Oleanz plus with arifine does not seem adequate for maintenance as fluoxetine in it can produce manic symptoms like what you said. Altura seems to be a pharma company, what is the chemical nale of the 40 mg tablet. Immediately consult your psychiatrist and get the prescription revised. All the best.

Popular Health Tips

Autism Signs Parents Need To Be Aware Of!

MBBS, DNB
Psychiatrist, Jaipur
Autism Signs Parents Need To Be Aware Of!

Autism is a development disorder which is characterized by the problems that occurred while interacting with people socially. And, sometimes the person's behavior becomes repetitive or restricted. This is basically caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Several risk factors are also there such as rubella or valproic acid infection during pregnancy.  Autism affects the process of sending information to the brain by changing the synapses of the nerve cells. However, the signs of autism often evolve slowly usually parents notice these signs in the initial years of their child's life.


Symptoms of Autism
Autism is basically a very highly unstable neurodevelopmental disorder which appears initially during infancy and then firmly follows without remission. And, the eating behavior might also be unusual at times.

  • People affected with autism might be severely impaired in some way or they might be evenly superior in other ways.
  • Some symptoms begin gradually after for 6 months and becomes well established by the course of time when they reach the age of 2 to 3 years and steadily continuous through adulthood.
  • Symptoms of individual occur basically within the general population and it pretty much appears not to be associated itself highly, separating common traits from being pathologically severe.
  • Infants with autism show very little attention towards social affection and tend to smile less often and take time to respond to their own name.
  • Children who are affected by Autism that functions frequently, often subjected to intense loneliness if compared to the non-autistic children.
  • Sometimes behaviors on these children might be self-injurious like biting its own hand or banging its head, poking their own eyes.
  • The daily activities might not vary at all like them and not tend to change the menu or how they dress.

Treatment for Autism
When a child is being treated with autism, then the main goal to lessen the deficit and the distress of the family and improving your child's quality of life. Some medications also used to treat the symptoms of ASD. Some common drugs, antidepressants or stimulants or antipsychotics suggest aripiprazole or risperidone. There must also be a specific teaching method that will help the autistic child to learn some significant social skills that will encourage him or her to interact more with others. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2542 people found this helpful

Stereotypic Movement Disorder - How To Deal With It?

DNB (Psychiatry), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Stereotypic Movement Disorder - How To Deal With It?

We all tend to engage in some repetitive activities at various points in our lives. However, when a person continues to engage in the same activities which are rhythmic but purposeless, resulting in self-injury or injury to others, it is known as stereotypic movement disorder (SMD). In order to qualify as an SMD, the routine movements should continue for at least four weeks and should interfere with the daily functioning.

This disorder is more common in adolescent boys than in girls, and is associated with other mental conditions like Autism, intellectual disability (ID), and neurological disorders. The repeated actions tend to aggravate with frustration, boredom, stress, and anger. Some of the common movements include head banging, self-biting, nail biting, rocking, handshaking, waving into the air, putting objects in the mouth, and picking one’s own skin.
There is no known cause for this disease, though head injury and cocaine are said to cause SMD.

Treatment: Suspected children are diagnosed with SMD after a thorough clinical examination and interview with the parents is done. The treatment then includes a two-pronged approach—improving function and preventing injury.

  1. The environment is usually made safer so that even if the repetitive actions are being carried out, the damage done to the child is minimised. For instance, for a child who might be banging his/her head repeatedly, a helmet may be used.
  2. Antidepressants, in mild doses, may prove to be useful for some children to control their sadness, which is a trigger for the repetitive behaviour. Atypical antipsychotics such as risperidone or aripiprazole are also used for patients who might have associated autism symptoms.
  3. Another trigger is stress, which should be reduced for the child. This prevents the onset of repetitive action, which in turn prevents injury. The child is also trained on how to control his/her own emotions. For instance, children with this condition are taught to put their hands in their pocket if they get a strong urge to pick their own skin. This, when done over a period of time, can help control the habit.
  4. The child is also taught relaxation techniques, which can help in controlling the urge.
  5. Behavioural therapy approach known as differential reinforcement of other behaviours (DRO) is used where socially appropriate behaviours of the child are suitably rewarded. Over a period of time, this becomes a habit, and good behaviours are reinforced.
  6. Another behavioural approach called functional communication training (FTC) is used where the child uses alternative actions or verbal responses in place of the repetitive, harmful actions. This again is reinforced to form a habit with time.

All affected people can have significant reduction in symptoms with a combination of medications and counselling and supportive therapy. Early detection and intervention can help in curtailing the progression of the symptoms. Consult an Expert & get answers to your questions!

2847 people found this helpful

10 Ways To Manage Trichotillomania Effectively!

CIDESCO, DGA, DBT, DBC, MBBS
Trichologist, Mumbai
10 Ways To Manage Trichotillomania Effectively!

Trichotillomania is a condition that urges a person to pull out hair from eyebrow, scalp and other parts of the body. This can lead to bald spots and several other complications in the body. Compulsive hair-pulling often starts in the teenage years.

Trichotillomania coupled with depression can lead to social and work-related impairment in a person. Hair-pulling, therefore, is a serious condition that a person should get rid of. Here is a list of 10 ways to manage trichotillomania effectively:

  1. A plan to stop trichotillomania: It is important to notice when the urge of pulling the hair starts. Once this is being identified, it is time to interrupt the chain of feelings and listen to positive reminders in the head. Keeping a journal to note down the timings of hair-pull can help to identify a pattern. The time chart can then be used to keep one engaged.
  2. Eliminate stress: It has been found that stress plays a pivotal role in hair-pull. It is, therefore, wise to prepare a list of activities that can cause stress. Once the list is prepared, each activity can then be analyzed individually and tackle accordingly. Thus, hair-pulling can be avoided.
  3. Muscle relaxation: This is another method to release stress and refrain from trichotillomania. All it requires is to tighten the muscle for 5 seconds and then make the muscles loose. It reduces muscle tension and relaxes the body.
  4. Think positive: Negative thinking is certainly one reason for hair-pull. Refraining from the fear of failure, negative thinking, too-much critical thinking etc. can help a person stay away from tension and eschew the habit of hair-pull every now and then.
  5. Try Exercise: Various studies have shown that regular exercise regimen can go a long way in cutting down the tendency to pull hair. With exercise, the body produces an increased number of endorphins. The latter is believed to be the hormone that results in positive thinking.
  6. Get sleep: Getting enough sleep is another crucial step towards eliminating Trichotillomania. Eight hours of sleep is crucial for the body to function properly. It fuels the body with enough energy and positive thought to sail through the day without having the urge to pull-hair.
  7. Talk it out: It has been found that talking it out can help a great deal to reduce the tendency of hair-pull. It makes sense to talk to close friends, family, and relatives about the apprehension and other negative news that may be bothering an individual.
  8. Consult a health professional: A doctor is the best bet when the disorder has been persistent for a long time. He can give sound counsel on the ways to cope up with the disorder and chart out a plan to get permanent relief from the condition.
  9. Medication: If a doctor feels that the condition has surpassed the state of habits and lifestyle changes, he might prescribe drugs to reduce the symptoms and get relief from depression, anxiety, fluctuating emotions resulting in less pulling of hair. Some of the common medicines that are prescribed by medical professionals include Olanzapine, Fluoxetine, and Aripiprazole.
  10. Find a support group: For those who are not willing to take a bet on doctors and medications, one best way to eliminate this condition is to join a self-help group. They act as a learning center and can greatly help to cut down the habit of hair-pulling.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2757 people found this helpful

Schizophrenia - Know The Different Types & Ways Of Treatment!

Schizophrenia - Know The Different Types & Ways Of Treatment!

Schizophrenia affects over 1% of the world’s population and affects the way a person thinks, feels and behaves. In most cases, it is diagnosed when a person is between the ages of 16 to 25. This condition can be hereditary and is said to affect men more often than women. Schizophrenia is characterized by an inability to distinguish between real and imaginary which can lead to delusions, social withdrawal, hallucinations and other forms of social and occupational dysfunction.

Schizophrenia affects different people in different ways. On the basis of the type of symptoms exhibited, this disease has been categorized into 5 sub types. These are:

  1. PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA: This type of schizophrenia is characterized by delusions and hallucinations that may make the person exhibit paranoid behaviour. These people often feel like they are being watched or followed and may have delusions of grandeur. They may also get angry quickly on minor issues and show signs of anxiety and hostility.
  2. DISORGANIZED SCHIZOPHRENIA: In such cases, the person may behave in ways that are difficult to understand or speak in broken sentences and have difficulty structuring a sentence. They may also display inappropriate behaviour and react in ways not suitable to the occasion. People suffering from disorganized schizophrenia may also neglect their personal hygiene.
  3. CATATONIC SCHIZOPHRENIA: People suffering from catatonic schizophrenia may swing between immobility and periods of rapid movement. They may stay quiet for hours or talk rapidly repeating everything they hear. These people have a high risk of harming themselves as they are usually unable to look after themselves and complete daily activities.
  4. UNDIFFERENTIATED SCHIZOPHRENIA: People suffering from this type of schizophrenia exhibit behaviour that fits into more than one type of schizophrenia. From time to time they may have hallucinations, suffer from delusions or display catatonic behaviour and disorganized behaviour or speech.
  5. RESIDUAL SCHIZOPHRENIA: Even though a person may not be currently showcasing any signs of schizophrenia, they are said to have residual schizophrenia. Such people need to have had at least one schizophrenic episode. These people may exhibit symptoms later or be in complete remission.

With schizophrenia, an early diagnosis can make treatment easier and hence if you notice anyone exhibiting signs of schizophrenia, you must advise them to seek medical help immediately.

Typical and Atypical Antipsychotic Agents

Commonly prescribed typical antipsychotics include:

Commonly prescribed atypical antipsychotics include:

Most psychotropic medications produce the best results when paired with some type of psychotherapy. Medication can be of great service in helping a person treat and overcome debilitating symptoms, but pills by themselves cannot address behaviors, emotions, and root causes of mental health issues. If you are prescribed an antipsychotic medication, please consider finding a therapist you trust to help you learn more about what you are experiencing and to help you develop coping strategies to improve the quality of your life.

Schizophrenia cannot be cured but it can be managed with a combination of typical or atypical medication and cognitive therapy. The latter can be in the form of self-help groups, housing and employment programs, counselling and therapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4163 people found this helpful

Schizophrenia - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment And Prevention!

MBBS
Internal Medicine Specialist, Delhi

Schizophrenia:

Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that leads people to interpret reality in an abnormal way. People with Schizophrenia experience hallucinations, get false illusions, and display an unusually disordered behaviour, which negatively impacts their daily life .

Schizophrenia is a serious condition that requires treatment for a lifetime. Early diagnosis and treatment can keep symptoms under control and prevent any serious complications from building up.

Symptoms:

Schizophrenia is mainly associated with cognitive problems that is exhibited in a person's daily behavior or state of emotions. Though there may be difference in signs and symptoms across patients, but it majorly involves hallucinations, delusions, disordered speech, and impaired body  functionalities. Common symptoms are:


- Delusions. These are false conceptions and interpretations of reality. For instance, a person with schizophrenia can have various delusions. He might think that he is targeted or harassed; he has supernatural abilities or power; he remembers his past life; or a huge tragedy is going to happen.
- Hallucinations. People with schizophrenia  may see or hear things that do not exist. Such hallucinations have a powerful force and feel like a normal experience. Hallucinations can impact all the senses, but most commonly it is associated with hearing strange voices.
- Disordered thought (speech).Schizophrenia affects the cognitive abilities of a person. Often, it results in impaired speech ability and meaningless communication.  People experiencing this ask questions that are partially or totally unrelated. Their speech is broken and without any clear sense or meaning.
- Highly disoriented motor behavior. Schizophrenia might lead people to behave weirdly. Sometimes, they may show childlike absurdity to episodic aggressiveness. The behavior is erratic and without any intention. You may notice people suffering with schizophrenia showing resistance to instructions, improper or eccentric posture, irresponsible reactions , or silly and unnecessary movement.
- Negative/withdrawal symptoms. This happens when there a person shows lessened or resistance to function normally. For instance, the person may disregard personal hygiene or be immune to any kind of emotion; does not respond to eye contact, shows no facial expressions or talks in a monotone). The person may withdraw himself from the society and refuse to part take in daily activities. Such persons are incapable of finding happiness in any thing and remain negative towards life.
Symptoms differ in form and severity and may change over time, sometimes with worsening show of symptoms and sometimes showing reduced impact. However, they do not go completely.
Men with schizophrenia may show signs of the disorder in the early to mid-20s. Women start displaying the impact of the mental condition during their late 20s. The mental illness is rare in children and those who are aged 45 and above.

Symptoms in teenagers

Teenagers with Schizophrenia may have symptoms same as that of adults, though  it might be difficult to identify the condition in teenagers as in adults . This is because a few of the early signs of schizophrenia in teenagers are usually the same as seen during the typical growth in teen years and noticeable change in behavior, like:

- Withdrawal or secrecy from friends and family
- A low performance in studies
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Irritability or erratic mood
- loss of motivation
In comparison to adults with schizophrenia, teens may not have symptoms like delusions. But teens  might have visual hallucinations.

Causes

The real or exact cause of schizophrenia is not known. However, according to various researches and studies, a variety of factors like genetics, brain chemicals and external surroundings may lead to the  development of the mental disorder.

It is believed that difficulties associated with some naturally occurring brain chemicals, like neurotransmitters called dopamine and glutamate, may develop into schizophrenia. According to neuroimaging studies, there are visible differences in the chemical component and structure of brain and certain imbalances in the central nervous system of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Though researchers are not sure whether these changes or differences are of any significance, yet they stress that schizophrenia is a brain disorder.

Risk factors

The exact cause of schizophrenia is unknown, but there are some factors that may increase the risk of developing or inhibiting this mental disorder called schizophrenia. They are as follows:

- A known family history of schizophrenia

- Heightened immune system activation, emanating from inflammation or autoimmune diseases

- very old age of the father

- Few pregnancy and birth related complications, like malnutrition or vulnerability to toxins or certain viruses that negatively affect brain development

- Certain cognitive (psychoactive or psychotropic) drugs taken during teenage and adolescence period

Complications

If not treated, schizophrenia can lead to serious problems that hamper the day to day life. Complications associated with schizophrenia may be as follows:

- Suicidal thoughts and attempts of suicide

- harming and injuring self

- Anxiety disorders

- Depressive nature

- Alcohol or harmful drug intake, excessive tobacco use

- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

- low attention span at school and in studies

- problems understanding legal and financial issues

- Social withdrawal

- Health and medical issues

- homelessness

- Feeling victimized

- Sporadic bursts of aggressive or bizarre behavior

Diagnosis

A proper diagnosis of schizophrenia will involve looking out for and ruling out any other mental state illness and determining whether symptoms are  due to drug abuse, excessive alcohol intake, substance abuse or any other health condition. Determining a diagnosis of schizophrenia may include:

- Physical diagnosis. This is necessary to find and rule out any other issues behind the occurrence of the said symptoms and to determine any near complications.

- Clinical Tests and exams. All such tests and screenings may be done to aid ruling out similar symptoms for other medical conditions and checking for alcohol and drug abuse. The physician may call out for an MRI or a CT scan.

- Psychiatric evaluation. A person with symptoms of schizophrenia  may be checked upon by a psychiatric or mental health professional for determining the mental order of the patient. The doctor will check the physical behavior and emotional conduct and discuss  the patient's thoughts, mental state, experiences of delusions, hallucinations, drug abuse, and chances of for aggressive moments or suicidal attempts. This even involves finding out family and personal history of similar conditions .

Treatment

Schizophrenia is a severe mental condition that necessities lifelong treatment, even though symptoms may subside. Medical attention and treatment coupled with psycho-social therapy can help keep the condition under control. In few cases, hospitalization might be necessary.

Treatment involves regular consultation with a psychiatrist having experience in dealing with  patients of schizophrenia . Apart from that, the patient will require a social worker, a psychiatric nurse and often a case manager to manage the overall treatment and care. Treatment of schizophrenia involves a full-fledged team approach with expert clinical experience.

Medication

No patient diagnosed with schizophrenia can be treated without medications. Most commonly, antipsychotic medications are prescribed. They are meant to control common symptoms by impacting the brain neurotransmitter dopamine. Medications for schizophrenia are known to have various  side effects, so patients of schizophrenia often refuse to take them. Often, there is reluctance to such medications and long-term treatment.

First-generation antipsychotics: TSuch antipsychotics are known to have frequent and highly significant neurological side effects that sometimes may lead to a motor disorder (tardive dyskinesia). This condition is non-reversible and dangerous. The most commonly prescribed first-generation antipsychotics include:

- Perphenazine

- Chlorpromazine

- Haloperidol

- Fluphenazine

Second-generation antipsychotics: These are comparitively newer and safer medications that are usually preferred by many doctors. They have lower risks and possibilities of side effects as compared to  first-generation antipsychotics. The common second-generation antipsychotics are:

- Asenapine (Saphris)

- Cariprazine (Vraylar)

- Iloperidone (Fanapt)

- Lurasidone (Latuda)

- Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

- Brexpiprazole (Rexulti)

- Quetiapine (Seroquel)

- Aripiprazole (Abilify)

- Ziprasidone (Geodon)

- Paliperidone (Invega)

- Risperidone (Risperdal)

Prevention

There is no sure formula to prevent schizophrenia, but continuing with the treatment can help manage and control the disease from worsening or aggravating. Apart from this, one can try and know the risk factors for schizophrenia to call for early diagnosis and treatment.

Myths

Myth 1: People with schizophrenia are harmful and dangerous to be around.

Fact: There may be times when people with schizophrenia act erratically or behave weird, but  generally very few are violent. Moreover, people undergoing treatment are less likely to be violent. If people with this mental disorder turn violent, it is because of an underlying condition, such as childhood behavior issues or substance abuse.

Myth 2: Lack of good parenting causes schizophrenia.

Fact: Schizophrenia is a brain related illness. It has unknown causes. Various factors like genes, tragedy-aftereffect, and drug abuse can trigger the disease. Parenting has nothing to do with the development of the disorder.

Myth 3: People with schizophrenia should be admitted in a mental hospital.

Fact: It is not true completely. There are a few cases where patients need to stay at a meental health facility. Commonly, patients of schizophrenia stay with family or in supportive facilities within the society.

Myth 4: A person can never recover from Schizophrenia.

Fact: Schizophrenia is a long term illness, but nothing is impossible. With proper treatment,  medications and psychiatric therapy, it is possible that around 25% of people suffering from the disorder will recover . Again, about 50% cases show improvement in their symptoms. With managed care, people with Schizophrenia can live fully normal lives.

Myth 5: Schizophrenia is like having a split personality.

Fact: This is the most common myth about schizophrenia. A split personality is a condition medically termed as Dissociative Identity Disorder or a Multiple Personality Disorder.  There are rare cases of MPD or DID. But, Schizophrenia is a cognitive illness, relating to the thinking ability of a person and is vastly different from the split personality disorder.

FAQs

Question 1: What are the different types of Schizophrenia?

Answer: The following are the different forms or types of schizophrenia:

- Paranoid schizophrenia

- Schizoaffective disorder

- Residual schizophrenia

- Disorganized schizophrenia

FAQ:

Question 2: Is Schizophrenia curable?

Answer: Not exactly. There is no permanent cure for schizophrenia but one can get treated for the same.  With proper care and treatment, psychiatric therapy and social rehabilitation, people with Schizophrenia can lead a fully normal life.

Question 3: Can substance abuse  cause Schizophrenia ?

Answer: Not known. Schizophrenia is a mental condition that is still under research and studies. The causes of it are not yet fully deciphered. There are a variety of factors including genetics, environment and other substance and drug abuse factors that can lead to the disorder. Some people  are born with problems in the brain chemicals, which can get accentuated or triggered by substance abuse.

Question 4: What is the future of people with the disorder?

Answer: Though significant developments have been made in research and studies on schizophrenia but still it is not clear why some patients have worsening symptoms than others;  why some patients do not recover fast and why some people fail to respond to the given treatment and medication. However, there are also positive results in many cases where people have responded well and recovered with the right treatment, rehabilitation, and social support and care.

Question 5: Are Schizophrenia Patients Depressed?

Answer: Depression is common in patients  with schizophrenia. In fact, depression is a primary effect that is seen in schizophrenic patients. About 80% of people with this mental disorder get notable depressive attacks.

Question 6: Are there any chances of relapse?

Answer: Medication can help control symptoms to an extent; however, there is no guarantee that a relapse will not occur. Though majority of the medications are known to lessen the occurrences of relapse by up to 80%. TO counterfeit, doctors prescribe secondary medications that are particularly meant to control depression, anxiety, or psychological attacks.

Question 7: Is there any therapy apart from medicinal treatment?

Answer: Yes, additional therapy is necessary . Support and counseling from family and society  works like psychotherapy. Sessions of psychotherapy usually stress the emotive and functional effects of the illness, and how the family and near ones can help in managing the illness. The therapy involves discussion over the signs and symptoms of the disorder, the nature of relapse, the role of sticking to medicines and the possible side-effects, recognizing and living with the symptoms, behavior with family members or colleagues, or continuing with a job or school. There are many programs designed specifically to address rehabilitation and practical abilities.

Question 8: Is it possible for a person with schizophrenia to lead a "normal" life?

Answer: If appropriate treatment, social rehabilitation, psychotherapy and adequate family support is provided, it is easier to manage and control symptoms in schizophrenic patients. There are many examples of people leading an independent life with families,  routine jobs, and social involvement.

Question 9: How to manage depressive symptoms in schizophrenic patients?

Answer: To help patients manage depressive symptoms of Schizophrenia, you can do the following:

- Mingle and involve with them rather than leaving them alone.

- Put them on an antidepressant drug after consulting with their doctor managing their disorder.

- Supplement their medication with proper nutritional diet.

- Help them engage in regular physical exercise.

- In cases of  severe depression, consult with their psychiatric for electroconvulsive therapy or transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Table of Content

About Arifine 5 MG Tablet
When is Arifine 5 MG Tablet prescribed?
What are the contraindications of Arifine 5 MG Tablet?
What are the side effects of Arifine 5 MG Tablet?
Key highlights of Arifine 5 MG Tablet
What are the substitutes for Arifine 5 MG Tablet?
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Arifine 5 MG Tablet approved?
What are the interactions for Arifine 5 MG Tablet?