Hi, my name is Dr Sameer Gupta and I’m a cardiologist at M.P Heart Clinic in Greater Kailash in New Delhi. Now, I’m a cardiologist and I treat heart disease. And as you know, heart disease is ubiquitous in India, it is actually an epidemic and it is affecting every one of us. When I say every one of us, all of us know at least one person in our lives who has a heart disease whether it’s your neighbour, your family, friend, and maybe a teacher, a colleague from work. But, unfortunately, a majority of us know at least one person who has a heart disease in some form.
Now the scariest part of heart disease and the scariest form of heart disease is Coronary artery disease that means you have blockages in the arteries of your heart. Now, if you have blockages in the arteries of your heart, there is less amount of blood flow that goes to the heart and you can have chest pain, coronary artery disease, and in severe cases even a heart attack. Now, there are various reasons why people have heart disease. You can have risk factors which increase the risk – diabetes, blood pressure, cholesterol, smoking, a family history, increased stress, poor lifestyle, poor dietary choices. These are just some of the risk factors that increase your risk of having heart disease and when I say heart disease, right now I am referring to blockages in the artery of your heart.
Now, how do you know you have a heart disease?
Well, most people have some sort of discomfort, some sort of symptom that makes them think they have heart disease like they have shortness of breath, they can have just generalised fatigue, feeling of tiredness, they can have chest discomfort, they can have trouble breathing, decreased exercise capacity. For example, they may say that they used to walk two kilometres before but now every time I walk only four hundred meters, I get short of breath, I get this discomfort in my chest, it goes down my arm, I get this increased sensation of gas. That means you may have blockages in the arteries of your heart and it is time you don’t ignore it and actually consult a cardiologist and get this evaluated because proper treatment of heart disease is essential. Early recognition is part of the treatment.
I hope you enjoyed this and feel free to contact your cardiologist. You can contact me via Lybrate or the M.P Heart Clinic website and I will be there to help you.
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Why headaches, you might ask?
That’s one of the most common problems that people face and the reason why they actually go to the doctor as well. Interestingly though, only one-third of the people actually get treatment for their headache. So when it comes to a headache, one of the most common types of headaches is called Migraine and a lot of people suffer from this migraine for years and years and years without realising that what they have is actually migraine, for which they can get treatment and they can feel better.
So what exactly is a migraine?
A migraine is, typically, a unilateral, a one sided, or a headache that happens on both the sides. It’s a thumping headache. People usually say that they feel a pounding pain. It is usually accompanied by nausea, light sensitivity – you do not like how the light makes you feel, noise sensitivity – even noise bothers you, and all you want to do is sit in a dark room and sleep.
So when it comes to a migraine, what are the different phases of it?
When there is a prodrome phase where you kind of start knowing the migraine is going to come on. You might feel very tired, very irritable. Then after that is the aura phase which not many people have. But some people describe flashing lights or some numbness in the hands. Followed by the headache phase which can last anywhere from four hours to seventy-two hours. Then after the pain goes away, there is a phase called the postdrome phase where you can actually feel exhausted and tired up to twenty-four hours even after a headache has gone away. So think about it, it can take up to at least two to three days at times for you to recover from one single migraine.
There are a lot of triggers of a migraine you can now about which includes lack of sleep, hunger, stress. Food triggers like red wine, chocolate, and many other triggers depending from person to person. But to know more about what you should do, you should talk to your doctor that you have a migraine.
You can always contact me on Lybrate or you can call us our M.P Heart Clinic number which is on the Lybrate website, to meet me and we can help get your migraines under control.
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Doctors in MP Heart Clinic
Peripheral vascular Disease
Cardiac Invasive Procedures
Varicose Veins Treatment
Radio Frequency procedures
High Cholesterol Diet Counselling
Treadmill Test - TMT
Radial Approach Angiography
Angiography Radial Approach
Carotid Angioplasty And Stenting
Peripheral arterial & Venous Doppler
Deep vein thrombosis - DVT
Arterial Thrombosis Treatment
IVC Filter Placement
Mitral/Heart Valve Replacement
Patient Review Highlights
I was having the body weakness, but the symptoms were not very visible. Metro Hospital and Heart Institute had all the amenities, a patient requires. Overall body weakness treatment given by Dr Sonia Lal Gupta was very effective. With the help of her treatment for body weakness I am feeling so great. Even though I was fit and fine, it was shocked when I got to know that I have body weakness. Sonia Lal Gupta has expert knowledge in the field. the overall atmosphere in the Metro Hospital and Heart Institute is very soothing. I have consulted so many doctors, but no one was able to solve my body weakness.
I am so happy that I chose this Sonia Lal Gupta for my treatment as now I am perfectly fine. One of my colleague referred Sonia Lal Gupta. It has been quite some time that i was suffering from nausea. Hygiene is very important, and I must Metro Hospital and Heart Institute was extremely clean. Sonia Lal Gupta certainly knows the in and out of her speciality. Metro Hospital and Heart Institute can handle all types of emergency cases. Due to my nausea i was feeling very depressed and had no hope. She is not just friendly, but also is very motivating.
I was shocked to experience the symptoms of neurological problemsThe waiting area in the Metro Hospital and Heart Institute is very comfortable for elderly patients. The overall atmosphere in the Metro Hospital and Heart Institute is very soothing. My boss referred me this Sonia Lal Gupta. She is very professional and is a really patient listener. I was quite impressed with Sonia Lal Gupta concept of holistic healing. I was quite depressed due to my condition, but my Sonia Lal Gupta guided me to change my attitude.
Initially the symptoms of hypercholesterolemia were not that severe but then it became worse . I consulted Dr Sameer Gupta, I owe him a big thanks for making me fine again. I was quite depressed due to my condition, but he guided me to change my attitude. He is one of the best physicians in city. The guidance he gave me has helped me immensely with my situation. Metro Hospital has all the latest technology in place to handle severe cases.
He is one of the best physicians in city. I found the Metro Hospital itself quite pleasant. The palpitations was increasing day by day. I read about Dr Sameer Gupta on one of the social media platform. he doesn't just randomly prescribes medicines, but first properly diagnoses the problem. Even in case of long queues, the staff was managing people in a very positive manner.
Initially the symptoms of hypercholesterolemia were not that severe but then it became worse . I consulted Dr Umesh Gupta, I owe him a big thanks for making me fine again. I was quite depressed due to my condition was degrading, but his guidance helped me deal with the issue. He is one of the best physicians in city. I am glad that I chose him for the treatment.
she is one of the best physicians in city. Even though there was a long queue, still the staff was very pleasant. i went there for my brain suite. By chance, I approached Sonia Lal Gupta for second opinion and thank god, i did because, she treated me without any surgery and all. It was amazing, the Metro Hospital and Heart Institutel was so nicely made.
I was in so much pain due to my headache. I thought that it is a minor issue but after consulting Dr Sonia Gupta , I got to know that It is something serious. She never gets frustrated, even when I ask a number of queries. I am quite benefitted with her treatment. I owe her a big thank. She treated me very nicely and I am quite relieved.
The high blood pressure issue was increasing day by day. Finally I consulted Dr Umesh, with his treatment, I am completely cured from the disease. Umesh Gupta has a very positive attitude towards all the patients. I found the Umkal Hospital itself quite pleasant. The best thing about himj is that he prescribes limited no. of medicines.
He is very patient with all his patients. My health was degrading day by day. Then I consulted Dr Umesh Gupta. His treatment for staying healthy suited me the best and now I am fine. I saw Umesh Gupta clinic's advertisement in newspaper and that is how we referred him. Umesh Gupta certainly knows the in and out of his speciality.
It was a bad case of high blood pressure. I consulted Dr SAmeer Gupta. He is very talented and seasoned doctor. Even though the problem was not so big, but still the other doctors were not able to treat it. The Metro Hospital is designed in such a manner that all requirements of patients are taken care of.
The entire experience of undergoing varicose vein laser treatment was very relaxing. I was panicked, because I never thought I will suffer from varicose like this. But Dr Umesh helped me immensly. I am no more facing any such issue. Thanks to the expert care and guidance, I feel much better than before.
Someone from the office, referred us dr Sonia Lal Gupta. My child used to cry alot. i did not know the cause . i consulted many doctors but nothing worked. Then I visited to dr Sonia Lal Gupta, she helped me alot. I was so depressed with my child's problem but doctor gave me a ray of hope.
I was suffering from stomach pain for which I chose to consult Dr Sonia. She is a very practical doctor. The way she treated me was appreaciable. She listened to my every single problem and then started the treatment. The overall treatment was quick and effective.
He is one of the best physicians in city. I took his consultation for staying healthy. Dr Sameer Gupta has so much knowledge that for everything my family takes his reference. It was an amazing experience as everyone in the Metro Hospital is so nice.
Thanks to Dr Sameer for the stent treatment he gave. I am quite benefitted with his suggested surgery. I must say that he is the best cardiologist in the city. He treated me very patiently and this was the best thing I found in him.
I got deep brain stimulation done by dr Sonia lal Gupta at herclinic Metro hospital and heart institute in Noida. she is a very nice and smart doctor. I really liked herservice throughout.
You feel your heart begin to beat wildly in your chest as you break into a cold sweat and have trouble catching your breath; is this a heart attack or panic attack? Your first thought is that it's a heart attack since you have an impending feeling of doom which you may even have felt before your attack began. This makes your heart beat even faster and you become so overwhelmed that the feeling gets even worse until you begin to feel light-headed or maybe even pass out. This is a panic attack.
When you suffer from anxiety, the slightest thing can trigger a panic attack and some can be so intense that you can't imagine it being anything other than looming death. It's very common for those having an anxiety attack to mistake it for a heart attack and this fear is enough to just take over and really wreak havoc on your heart rate, but no matter how fast your heart beats or how panicked you feel; you are not having a heart attack and this episode will not kill you.
One thing that will prove helpful in dealing with this is learning the differences between the two:
Signs of a Heart Attack:
- Pressure in the Chest (described as feeling like there is an elephant sitting on your chest).
- Chest pain - note that this is not always present.
- Shortness of breath.
- Pain in the right arm.
- Pain in the back or shoulder blades for women.
- Nausea or vomiting.
Panic attack symptoms include:
- Increased heart rate.
- Sharp or stabbing chest pain that lasts only 5 to 10 seconds.
- Pain that is localized to one small area.
- Pain that usually occurs at rest.
- Pain that accompanies anxiety.
- Pain that is relieved or worsened when you change positions.
- Pain that can be reproduced or worsened by pressing over the area of pain.
The bottom line: Be vigilant and get checked out promptly. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
A heart attack is usually characterised by the rupture of a plaque which can cause the spread of the cholesterol into the blood stream.
Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of pain, suffering and death around the world, today. Heart attacks are caused by coronary heart disease. This is caused by the narrowing of the coronary artery when substances like cholesterol block it. If not treated and revived on time, a patient suffering from a heart attack can meet a fatal result.
So how can you prevent a heart attack?
- Cholesterol: We are all affected to some extent by what we eat. It is important to keep a check on your cholesterol, especially if it is on the higher side, so as to prevent a heart attack. Cholesterol is known to directly cause a heart attack, because if applies layer upon layer to the walls of the artery, and chokes them until they cannot handle the pressure any longer. So watch your food intake and bring down the blood lipid or fat levels with proper diet and exercise to alleviate the risk of a heart attack.
- Assess your Risk Factors: So are you at risk of heart disease and possible heart attack? This will very much depend on your medical history and allied ailments. If you are suffering from high cholesterol or even diabetes, your chances of having clogged arteries and a subsequent heart attack may increase manifold. Also, you may have a family history of heart diseases which can increase the risk of such ailments in your case. So, it is wise to assess your risk factors and take measures like regular checkups, medication where required and even other measures like diet and exercise.
- Blood Pressure: To prevent a heart attack, you can also keep your blood pressure in check. Constant spikes and dips can lead to a malfunctioning heart which can weaken the heart muscles and lead to a fatal result like a heart attack. Further, high blood pressure can lead to wear and tear of the inner lining of your blood vessels, which makes it that much more difficult for blood flow and circulation. So keep a blood pressure measuring machine or cuff at home, or visit your doctor regularly to keep tabs on your blood pressure.
While these basic measures can help take care of the immediate and most direct causes of heart attacks, you can also avoid passive and active smoking, and indulge in a good diet with plenty of exercise to keep your heart healthy.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
A holter is a a 24-48 hour hour ECG that is used to evaluate disturbances in the rhythm of your heart. A holter monitor is a little, battery controlled therapeutic gadget that measures your heart's actions, for example, rate and cadence. Your specialist may request that you utilize one, in case that they require more data about how your heart functions, that a normal electrocardiogram (EKG) cannot give them. Twenty four hour holter monitoring is an important test to record your heart's rate and cadence for twenty four hours.
You wear the holter small monitor for twelve to forty-eight hours as you continue with your usual everyday routine. This gadget has cathodes and electrical leads like a standard ECG. It can get your heart's rate and beat as well as when you feel neck pains or display indications of an unpredictable pulse or arrhythmia.
Here is how it usually works:
- The holter monitor is very small. It is marginally bigger than a deck of playing cards. A few leads or wires, are attached to your body like an ECG. The leads connect with cathodes that are put on the skin of your chest with a paste like gel. The metal anodes direct your heart's movement through the wires and into the holter screen.
- You wear a little pocket around your neck that holds the recorder. It is important to keep the monitor near your body during the testing time frame to ensure the readings are precise.
- You will get guidelines that disclose how to deal with your monitor and what not to do while you are wearing it. It is vital to abstain from activities, such as washing, exercising, or running, while you are wearing the screen.
- You are urged to take an interest in your typical routine during the holter twenty-four-hour test. You will be coordinated to record your routine in a journal.
- A 24-hour holter test is effortless. Make sure to record any pain, fast pulse, or other cardiovascular symptoms you have during the testing period. Keep the Holter dry to guarantee it works properly. Scrub down or shower before your arrangement to have the screen fitted and do not apply any moisturizers or creams. Stay away from exercises that may lead to the screen getting wet.
- Electrical fields may meddle with the capacity of the holter screen. Keep away from zones of high voltage while wearing the screen.
The results can somewhat be determined as follows:
- After the suggested testing time allotment has passed, you will come back to your specialist's office to have the holter monitor removed. Your specialist will read your movement and examine the aftereffects of the screen. Depending upon the results of the test, you may need to experience additional testing before a conclusion is made.
- The holter monitor may uncover underlying disturbances in your heart rate that may go unnoticed and will help your doctor in treatment of the condition. This is an a very informative and useful tests specially if you have irregular heart beats, fast heart beats, unexplained dizziness or fainting.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Cardiomyopathy by literal translation means disease of the muscles of the heart. As we all know, the heart is the most powerful muscular organ, which pumps out blood to various parts of the body. It expands and contracts nonstop and performs its functions. There are 3 types of cardiomyopathy:
- Dilated: Where the muscles are dilated and blood flow is not sufficient to the rest of the body. Onset can be with age or in people who have prior heart conditions.
- Hypertrophic: The heart muscles are enlarged either due to some disease condition or due to extra load on the heart. This is most often seen as a congenital condition.
- Restrictive: There is reduced amount of contraction, leading to inadequate or improper blood flow. The heart muscles lose their elasticity and become rigid. People often develop this condition in advanced age.
Symptoms: This is not a condition that can be diagnosed with a set of symptoms. It is also not easily diagnosed in the early stages. Only as the condition worsens, symptoms begin to show up and then medical attention may be sought and diagnosis can be done. Symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat
- Chest pain
- Fluid accumulation in the feet, ankles, and then the lower half of the legs
- Fluid accumulation in the stomach
- Inability to lie down, because of constant cough
Risk Factors: The following increases the chances of developing cardiomyopathy
- Family history
- Poor food habits
- Lack of exercise
- Prolonged heart conditions like valve diseases or congenital problems
- Long term diabetes and high blood pressure
- Excessive smoking
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Thyroid disorders
Complications: While cardiomyopathy per se is not a problem, it can lead to various complications not just in the heart but the overall body.
- Heart failure: A cumulative effect of cardiomyopathy is the heart failure. The heart’s ability to pump out blood to the distant organs is reduced. Sudden, massive cardiac failure could even lead to death.
- Blood clots: The sluggish blood flow increases the chances of forming blood clots. People diagnosed with cardiomyopathy may need to be on a small dose of blood thinners for a lifetime.
- Valvular stenosis: The muscles of the heart and the valves work in synchrony, and so weakened muscles put pressure on the heart valves, leading to their narrowing.
Treatment: This includes a change of lifestyle, including exercise and dietary changes, medications, and in severe cases surgery. Advanced cases may require a heart transplant. Most cases are managed with medications and lifestyle changes though. Controlling blood pressure is very important to ensure proper heart muscle functioning.
A heart attack can wreak havoc, throwing a person's life completely off balance. The condition, also known as Myocardial Infarction, often catches a person unaware. As per a survey, close to 7.35 lakh people (both men and women) suffer from a cardiac arrest and associated disorders in the US every year. Early diagnosis and preventive measures can make a world of difference. Unfortunately, many people ignore or tend to miss out on the early symptoms of a heart attack.
A heart attack can be very much averted. All you need to do is, listen to your body and pay attention to the following warning signs. Act before it is too late.
- Indigestion, nausea: Nausea, vomiting or indigestion is important, yet most commonly ignored early symptoms of a heart attack. More common in women than their male counterparts, the symptoms are often mistaken for over exhaustion or stomach upset. Nausea, in particular, can be triggered by many conditions and hence the negligence. A person may also complain of stomach ache or heart burns.Though the symptoms may appear to be nothing serious, seeking an immediate medical assistance will not hurt either. A little alertness will only help you in the long run.
- Pain and discomfort in the chest: This is a warning that should be taken seriously by all means. The symptom can be an indication of a condition as serious as a blocked artery, an important trigger for a heart attack.
- Dizziness: Seldom will you find people losing their sleep over something as common as dizziness. While the lack of a sound sleep can make a person feel dizzy and light headed, the symptom (often accompanied by chest pain) could also be an outcome of a low BP (triggered by improper functioning of the heart). Look for the symptoms carefully and act accordingly.
- Sharp pain episodes: Many people experience a sharp pain that originates in the chest and gradually spreads outward towards the arms. The symptom is a clear indication of a heart problem, ignoring which will only spell doom. Sometimes the pain can also spread to the jaw or the throat.The symptom is a strong warning that your heart needs immediate care and attention.
- Sudden and unexplained sweating: Sweating due to hot and scorching summer is understood but unexplained sweating can be dangerous.
- Over exhaustion: If small or regular chores that you could do in the wink of an eye are suddenly leaving you tired and exhausted (climbing the stairs for instance), it is time for you to consult a doctor.
- Irregular heartbeat: The irregular beating of the heart can also be an indication of a heart problem.
- Swollen feet: A heart problem can interfere with the ability of the heart to pump blood. As a result, the affected person may have swollen feet, ankles, and legs.
- Cough: A cough that lingers for long (often accompanied with a pink mucus) is an important indication of a damaged or diseased heart. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.
The heart pumps blood to various body parts so they function smoothly. When this blood flow is impaired, then the other organs also cannot function to their full capacity. A heart attack is when there is sudden, abrupt, complete blockage of this blood flow from the heart.
Over the past few decades, a heart attack is one of the major causes of death. With changing lifestyles, it is spreading its presence, and people in younger age groups are seen to have heart attacks. There are various risk factors which put one at a higher risk, though. Identifying these and working on them is a great way to reduce the chances of developing a heart attack. Read on to know the most effective eight ways in which you can prolong the onset of heart disease as well as improve the overall quality of life.
- Diet: You are what you eat. It is as simple as that. Eating a diet that is heart healthy not only helps in preventing heart attacks but also improves overall health. Ensure the diet has variety, is rich in omega fatty acids, less of saturated fats, rich in fiber with fruits and vegetables, and whole grains.
- Move it: The sedentary lifestyle added with the poor dietary habits are the major culprits for increased incidence of heart attacks. Exercise in any form – walking, jogging, running, cycling, gymming – good for the heart. It not only keeps you in good shape but also keeps your heart healthy and active. The risk of heart attacks is greatly reduced.
- Stress: This is believed to be a major reason for increased incidence of heart attacks. Find a way to manage stress that works for you – meditation, music, travel, exercise, etc.
- Weight: Weight management is extremely important for a healthy heart and overall health. The difference between those who watch weight and others is very obvious if you just look at people. As soon as you are above your limits, work on reducing it.
- Smoking: The hazards of smoking are multiple, and upping the chances of heart disease is one of them. Reducing or quitting smoking can change your quality of life in multiple ways, and reducing the incidence of heart attacks is just one of them.
- Readings: In addition to weight, ensure your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels are maintained well. These are vital readings and are closely connected. They not just help in preventing heart attacks but in multiple other chronic conditions including diabetes and cancer.
- Stay happy: With all these, stay happy, have a good social circle. This helps improve health quotient to a large extent.
So, while a heart attack is beginning to spread its wings, there are definitely ways to control it.