The short stature syndrome is a condition where the height of an individual in significantly lower than the average height of that respective age, sex, racial group or the family. This is a form of growth failure which results in short stature syndrome. The specific cause of this syndrome depends on various conditions. You can have this syndrome if you face malnutrition. Poor weight gain is one of the common reasons why you can develop this syndrome. Some genetic problems are also associated with this condition. This syndrome is also known to be hereditary as the genes in your body fail to function with the growth hormones in your body. This syndrome commonly displays you to have abnormal body structure and a severe stunted growth. The skeletal structure might be abnormal as well and you might face difficulties in performing your day to day activities. Other symptoms of this condition are that you can have a delayed puberty and also experience abnormal weight loss. However, children who have this syndrome do not develop any specific diseases. These children continue to grow for a long period of time but the rate at which they grow are very slow. This condition is rare and occurs mainly due to hormonal disorders.
The treatment procedure first involves conducting various tests where the cause of the syndrome is recognized. It might be due to hormonal disorders or maybe due to malnutrition as well. An X Ray is conducted to confirm any defects regarding the anatomical structure of your body. Mostly an insulin tolerance test is conducted to check whether you have a deficiency in your growth hormone or not. Other forms of tests are thyroid stimulating tests, blood count tests, metabolic tests and many inflammatory tests which help to decide the course of treatment for this syndrome. After these tests hormone injections are mostly injected in the patient’s blood stream as these injections help to elevate the growth hormone levels and in return elevate your stunted growth. Pituitary hormone deficiencies are also a major reason for this syndrome and the medical expert might also use respective hormonal injections to cure the same. In severe cases of this condition nothing can be done to cure this condition and the affected individuals have a shorter life span compared to others. Hormonal injections are proven to be effective but the results mainly depend on the response of the individuals and their immune system as well. This condition is somewhat hereditary as well and if the parents are diagnosed with this condition then the chances are that their children will have this condition of short stature too.
You should seek medical attention if you notice that your child has a significantly shorter height than most of the other individuals of his/her age group. You are also eligible for the treatment if you notice that the growth rate is stunted, you have late puberty and sometimes abnormal anatomical structures.
Sometimes the growth is stunted only due to malnutrition and genetical factors. You might grow at a later stage but it will just take longer than the average growth rate of others. If that is the case then you are not eligible for the hormonal treatments for this condition.
The treatment procedure does not always work for everyone and has various complications along with it. The treatment might cause you to have pain in joints, various infections, improper bone formation, possibility of arthritis, bowed legs and various limb problems.
You should continue with the injections that you are prescribed with and apply them at regular intervals and whenever it is necessary. You should also have a nutritious diet to edge out the problem of malnutrition that you face. You should also continue with various physiotherapies so that the bowed legs and abnormal bone structures are corrected at a maximum level.
This syndrome cannot be completely eliminated and this lasts for the rest of your life. This syndrome might show a few signs of development but mostly it impairs your life expectancy with various complications.
The hormonal injections and the medications that are prescribed range from Rs. 3,500 to Rs. 15,000. The therapies that you might require also range from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 30,000.
The results of the treatment show a little improvement but it also comes along with various complications that adversely affect you. This syndrome cannot be cured completely.
Rs. 3,500 to Rs. 30,000
Out of the many things a parent can be worried about their child, physical growth and development are the major ones. Height development is indeed a very crucial part of the overall development of a child's body. But how will you know whether your child is short and should you worry if he or she is short?
When is a child categorised as being short?
A child is said to be of short stature when the height is two standard deviations less than the mean height for the specific age and sex. However, it does not signify that your child is sick or has some deformity.
What are the causes of being short?
The most common reasons that need not be worried about are:
What are the medical Conditions behind the short stature?
For children who show an excessive delay in growth, doctors can find out whether they are going through any serious medical condition that needs attention or not. Some of the medical conditions which can cause short height are:
For every 100 children of a particular age, 3 tend to be shorter. However, unless your child suffers from a medical problem, short stature is not to be worried, and it is recommended that they have a proper and balanced nutrition to ensure a proper height development. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Everyone wants their babies to healthy and grow up to be a healthy-wealthy person. However, little they focus on this issue or are capable of giving their infants the best of medical standards. Problems show up in children early and if overlooked, may hamper their future life a lot. Constant check-ups are necessary to be it pre-birth or post the birth of a baby, and for this, a parent should always be in contact of a pediatrician.
Pediatrics is the medicinal branch that involves the health care of babies, children, and adolescents. It is recommended that people should be under pediatric care up to age 21. Pediatricians are involved with important tests that are standardized by World Health Organisation Child Growth Standards.
Stunted Growth Of Infants and Children
Also known as nutritional stunting, it is a distinctive reduced growth rate in human body development. Stunted growth is the primary manifestation of undernutrition (or malnutrition) and recurrent infections after birth and early childhood. Another main reason is the malnutrition during fetal development brought by a malnourished mother. The accurate definition of stunting according to WHO stands for the “height for age” value to be lower than two standard deviations of World Health Organisation Child Growth Standards.
In 2012, an estimated 25 percent of children under 5 years of age i.e. ~162 million children were stunted. More of this count nearing 90 percent lies only in two continents, Africa and Asia. The affected children may never regain their loss of height, and most of them will never gain the equal weight.
Apart from shorter stature, the adolescent may get hit by the greater risk of illness, delayed mental development, lowered cognitive capacity and women with stunted growth have a higher risk of complications during delivery due to the smaller pelvis, and the child could have low birth weight during birth.
Causes of Stunted growth
Apart from malnutrition and some rare genetic disorders, South Asia and most developing nations are having a higher number of stunted children due to poor maternal nutrition, poor feeding practices, and poor sanitation.
Poor breastfeeding during pregnancy and maternal nutrition could be a leading cause for the stunted growth of the child. Also, women who are suffering from anemia or are underweight during pregnancy are more likely to perpetuate the intergenerational transmitting of stunting.
Ingestion of a high number of fecal bacteria through the soiled finger in a poorly sanitized area leads to intestinal infections. This affects the nutritional status of his/her by diminishing appetite, reducing nutrition absorption and increasing nutrient loss.
Inadequate feeding, lack of vital nutrients, poor calorie intake can lead to stunted growth. Minimum requirements should be met in the diet in proper frequency to avoid malnutrition.
A Note for feeding mothers
Lactating mothers should get themselves proper nutrition, and if they are in doubt of their health should postpone the decision of having a child.
Chronic diarrhoea, Celiac disease, thyroid disorders and growth hormone deficiency also contribute, significantly, to short stature. Regular measurement of height & weight on a growth chart by a trained Pediatrician helps to pick up the lags in these vital growth and development parameters.