Lodhra serves for several health benefits, such as; cures acne, blemishes, white and black heads; Beneficial in gynaecological or female disorders, Cures eye disorders, Cures dental problems, Treat Ulcers, Heals wound, Stop haemorrhage, Reduces heaviness in the body.
Lodhra is a very important Ayurvedic herb. It is an evergreen medium sized tree. Its. Leaves are 3 to 4 inches in length, circular or oval shaped, leaf stalk is small and it is velvety to touch. Its Flowers are cream coloured, small in size and are mostly found in clusters. Flowering generally occurs in the month of November and continues till the month of February. The fruits of Lodhra are Purple blackish in colour and are about 1.5 inches long, leathery, and contains 1 to 3 seeds. .Bark is light brown in colour.
Lodhra contains alkaloids namely, Loturine – 0.25%, Colloturine – 0.02%, Loturidine – 0.06% along with glycosides.
In acne, paste of lodhra and sphatika should be applied. In pimples, paste of lodhra, dhanyaka and vaca is useful. Being an astringent, it can clear the face of blemishes, black and white heads. It can also dry up the acne quickly.
Lodhra normalizes FSH and LH which regulates the development, growth, pubertal maturation, and reproductive processes of the body , manages the menstrual cycle and stimulates the ovaries to produce eggs and triggers ovulation and development of the corpus luteum. Water extract of Lodhra significantly stimulated serum FSH level along with rise in serum LH level in immature female Sprague-Dawley rats on oral administration. Lodhra has anti-androgenic effect and prevents ovarian cell dysfunction in PCOS and improved the fertility. Treatment with Lodhra bark significantly decreases testosterone level which is found to be elevated in PCOS. It significantly restores estrogens, progesterone and cholesterol level. Lodhra restores the histology of ovarian tissue. Lodhra is useful in inflammation of uterus due to its anti-inflammatory effects. Lodhra helps in maintaining the ratio of estrogen and progesterone in the female body thus preventing menstrual irregularity. Lodhra contains phytoestrogens. Thus it ameliorate mild to moderate pre and post menstrual depression by acting on the serotonergic systems.
White lodhra and Madhuka fried in ghee, powdered finely and softened with breast milk and applied, alleviates conjuctivitis caused by pitta and rakta. White lodhra fried in ghee and powdered finely is kept in a cloth pouch and mixed with hot water. Seka with this water removes pain. Aschyotana with lodhra fried in ghee and mixed with rocksalt, pounded with sour gruel and kept in cloth piece – removes itching, burning and pain. Aschyotana with putapakwa lodhra wrapped in nimba leaves and mixed with woman’s milk allievates netrarogas due to pitta, rakta and vata.
The anti-bacterial property of lodhra helps to cure oral problems. To cure it, after bloodletting paste of lodhra, musta and rasanjana mixed with honey should be applied.
Anti-ulcer property of lodhra protects against ulcers.Powder of dhataki and lodhra promotes wound healing. Lodhra, nyagrodha bud, khadira, triphala and ghrta made into a paste provides looseness and softens the wounds. Application of fine powder of lodhratwak promotes wound healing.
Powdered formation of the bark lodhra is used to heal wounds. Lodhra actually lowers the PH of the body; due to which inflammation process is fasten which gradually leads to increased wound healing process.
Lodhra is used in epistaxis (raktpitta ), the people who have high pitta generally experiences nose bleeding, the absorbing quality of lodhra helps in thickening of blood to stop haemorrhaging (bleeding).
Lodhra is Grahi ( absorption enhancing) Sheeta ( cooling ) and Laghu ( light ) which itself is a unique combination, which makes it very useful in reducing inflammation and heaviness in the body.
According to Ayurvedic texts the main indication of lodhra is to maintain the pitta (Agni) and the kapha (phelgum) in the body. Lodhra contains khashay ras (Astringent) due to this it’s formulations made from the bark are generally used to soothe the pitta and its ill effects in our body. The bark and leaves of lodhra are used in dyeing. Yellow dye is extracted from the bark and leaves.
Lodhra has direct effect on female hormones .It decreases testosterone and cholesterol levels and increases estrogen and progesterone levels. It is not suitable for males for long term use as it has anti-androgen effect and reduces male sex hormones such as testosterone. Lodhra is not recommended to take on empty stomach as it can cause abdominal heaviness, nausea & constipation in individuals prone to gastrointestinal upsets.
Lodhra is generally found in Nagpur, Manipur, Burma, Assam and Pegu regions of India. It can grow in full sun or shade and can tolerate dry soil.