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Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy - Diagnosing Unknown Infertility & Pelvic Pain!

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Anuj Sharma 92% (807 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship of Indian Association of Gastrointestinal Endo Surgeons (FIAGES), Fellowship in Sexual Medicine
IVF Specialist, Meerut  •  16 years experience
Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy - Diagnosing Unknown Infertility & Pelvic Pain!

What is infertility?

Infertility as a medical condition is said to have occurred when a conception doesn’t become possible after a full calendar year of unprotected sex. This happens due to reasons connected with both the partners. In the male partner, the cause frequently is a reduced number of sperms with every ejaculation or abnormal or immobile sperms. This often happens due to over-consumption of anabolic steroids, excessive smoking or alcohol abuse.

In the female partner, smoking and alcohol use seriously damages reproductive health, as does the consumption of marijuana. Also, mental stress can lead to inability to conceive, or inability to sustain a pregnancy for the full 9 months. Secondary diseases and defects in the uterus may also be probable causes for infertility.

Pelvic pain: The types and causes

Pelvic pain is discomfort in the pelvic region, situated just below the abdominal region. This pain may come on suddenly or be persistent for a long time and might be mild or intolerably severe too. The common causes are constipation, peritonitis, a urinary tract infection (UTI) or formation of cysts in the interior of the ovary.

The reasons that cause persistent pelvic pain may be lower backache or problems of the digestive system like diarrhoea. You may also get persistent pelvic pain if you have cysts inside the ovary or have a condition called endometriosis, where fragments from the womb lining enter it and cause irritation. For instance, the fragments may choose to accumulate in the ovaries and cause-specific discomfort in that region.

Diagnosis: Some of the most efficient methods

Diagnosing these conditions can sometimes be the most essential yet challenging part of treating them. The methods which typically yield the best results in this direction are laparoscopy and hysteroscopy.

Laparoscopy: The Ins and Outs

The complete procedure involves the insertion of a surgical device with an attached source of light into the abdominal region through a cut in the skin surface. This helps the doctor image and study better damage and diseases in the area. This method is especially useful in diagnosing infertility and related abdominal defects, and also has the added benefit of being less invasive and harmful than other types of surgeries.

Hysteroscopy: A complete guide

Hysteroscopy is the insertion of a tube called the hysteroscope into the uterus and the cervix, through the route of the vagina. In this case, defects of the uterus and the surrounding regions are detected or treated by your doctor.

Conditions of the body like infertility and deficiencies of the abdominal organs can cause great physical and mental discomfort. If you are facing anything like that, make sure you get diagnosed and treated as fast as possible.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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