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Hypercholesterolemia: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hypercholesterolemia is a condition of really high blood cholesterol levels. Cholesterol is a fatty, waxy substance manufactured by the liver and found naturally in the body. Cholesterol has a number of functions and is often converted to hormones. The body produces sufficient amounts of cholesterol and you only need a very small portion of cholesterol from the outside in order to keep you healthy and fit. This additional cholesterol source comes from dietary cholesterol in form of meat, dairy products, eggs (egg yolk particularly), meat, fish and poultry. These food items are really high in saturated fats and Trans fats. So consuming these items in excess can trigger the body or more specifically the liver to produce an overabundance of cholesterol. This can in most cases lead to hypercholesterolemia.

Aside from hormones cholesterol is also needed by the body for the functioning of cell membranes and production of substances which is in turn required for fat digestion. A surging cholesterol level can heighten the chances of a coronary artery disease. The excess cholesterol levels in the bloodstream lead to the formation of fat deposits in the coronary artery walls. The rising cholesterol levels narrow and at the same time harden the walls of the artery. This condition is known as atherosclerosis.

With the passage of time the arteries can get blocked thereby cutting off the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This contributes to the risk of heart attack, stroke and angina. Other conditions where the fat deposits get stored in the tissues and tendons of the body are known as familial hypercholesterolemia. Hypercholesterolemia occurs due to unhealthy eating habits and unhealthy lifestyle with almost next to zero physical activities.

How is the treatment done?

Hypercholesterolemia shows very little symptoms and only way it can be detected is by getting a blood cholesterol level check done. This is referred to as a lipid profile. This comprises of an overall test of the LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. A cholesterol level that is 200 mg/dl is considered to be high. People who are diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia will be initially recommended by the doctor to make necessary changes to their diet and also advised to take part in physical activity on an everyday basis. It is advised that the saturated fat consumption for men should be about 30 grams everyday in case of men and for about 20 grams everyday in case of women.

If the cholesterol level continues to hover near the high range then the patient will be prescribed a set of medications. These include bile-acid binding resins, statins, and cholesterol absorption inhibitors.

The liver makes use of cholesterol in order to produce bile acids is required for the process of digestion. Therefore, the bile acid-binding resins bind to the bile acids. These leads the liver get access to excess cholesterol so that it can still manufacture the acid. This has a lowering effect of the blood cholesterol levels. Statins act as a barrier to a substance that is needed by the liver in order for cholesterol synthesis. In the small intestine the cholesterol is absorbed from food sources within the bloodstream. Cholesterol absorption inhibitors help to lower the cholesterol level in the bloodstream.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

All those suffering from high cholesterol levels are eligible to hypercholesterolemia treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People who are allergic to any of the ingredients contained within the medications mentioned above are not eligible to go for this treatment. Also women and people, who are aged 65 years and older, stand at a greater risk of developing certain adverse effects from taking statins. Also, people who suffer from kidney or liver disorder are more vulnerable to suffer from side effects of statins.

Are there any side effects?

Patients taking statins are most likely to experience side effects such as muscle pain, muscle damage, nausea, diarrhoea, constipation, liver damage, type 2 diabetes and neurological side effects. Bile acid binding resins can cause side effects such as flatulence, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation. Patients who have been prescribed to take cholesterol absorption inhibitors are likely to experience side effects such as fatigue, muscle soreness and stomach pain.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post-treatment guidelines for hypercholesterolemia includes lifestyle changes that should comprise of a diet that is low in saturated fat, managing their weight in case the patient is overweight or obese and taking the medications prescribed by the doctor on time. Also, regular exercise is highly recommended in order to keep cholesterol levels on the low side.

How long does it take to recover?

On an average it takes about three weeks to lower cholesterol in adults and about two weeks in children. If someone is put on the Pritikin Program of diet it will take about three weeks reduce the cholesterol levels.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

A monthly course of statins would cost you about Rupees 250 in India. A strip of 10mg of Ezedoc tablets which fall under the category of cholesterol absorption inhibitors would cost around 110 rupees.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment can be permanent in so far as the post-treatment guidelines which include lifestyle changes, exercising regularly and taking the medications on time, are strictly adhered to.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternative of a medical treatment for Hypercholesterolemia would be adopting some natural remedies such as making dietary changes that include foods rich in soluble fibres such as fruits, vegetables; olive oil; omega 3-fats; herbs; garlic. By eating the right foods and avoiding food that are high in saturated fats one can easily maintain their cholesterol levels.

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Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 100- Rs. 500

Popular Health Tips

Ayurveda Tips To Reduce High Cholesterol!

Dr. Ashwin Nirmal 91% (159 ratings)
Ayurveda, Jamnagar
Ayurveda Tips To Reduce High Cholesterol!
High cholesterol has become a very common phrase nowadays. With excessive consumption of fast foods and sugar, lifestyle disorders such as diabetes and high cholesterol have become very common. In order to know what high cholesterol is, you should first know about cholesterol. Cholesterol is a type of fat present in the body which is needed for regulating hormones in the body. It also plays an important role in Vitamin D production. Though you get cholesterol from food, the body has its own supply of cholesterol as well. Excessive cholesterol in the body can lead to cholesterol build up in your arteries, resulting in blood circulation problems. The arteries tend to narrow down, not allowing the blood to flow properly. High cholesterol levels are linked to heart problems and strokes. Ayurveda is a holistic system of medicine, the treatments of which are based on natural ingredients. It is very effective and free from side effects, unlike conventional methods of treatment. Ayurvedic remedies for high cholesterol levels in the body aim to bring down the cholesterol level and improve your overall wellbeing. The Ayurvedic tips to lower cholesterol levels are: Eat healthy: Diet plays an important role in maintaining healthy cholesterol levels, so eating healthy is of paramount importance. Include plenty of vegetables and fruits in your diet to get the required amount of Vitamins and minerals in order to keep your body healthy. Avoid refined grains as they spike your blood sugar levels. Instead opt for whole grains such as brown rice. Eat healthy fats: Eat healthy fats such as unsaturated fats present in foods such as almonds and olive oil. Keep saturated and trans-fats at bay as they increase cholesterol levels in the body. Exercise regularly: Regular exercise keeps your weight levels optimal and also brings down your cholesterol levels. Simple cardiovascular exercises such as running and swimming can be done on a regular basis. Avoid smoking: Smoking causes your blood vessels to constrict, thus hampering the flow of blood. In addition to accumulation of plaque, this can further hamper blood flow. Maintain optimal weight levels: Following healthy eating habits along with regular exercise will allow you to maintain optimal weight levels. So if your weight is on the higher side, then re-evaluate your eating habits and make the necessary changes.

Sage (Kamarkas) - 4 Reasons To Include It In Your Diet!

Dr. Mahesh Kumar Gupta 92% (291 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Certificate In Osteopathy, Panchakarma Training
Ayurveda, Udaipur
Sage (Kamarkas) - 4 Reasons To Include It In Your Diet!
A native of the Mediterranean, sage is known for its medicinal properties. This herb comes with a high antioxidant content and it will also add that extra dose of flavor to your meal. The leaves of sage come in a greenish-gray color, while the color of the flower can be blue, purple, white or pink. This herb is popular for its warm and musky essence, which resembles rosemary. However, interestingly enough, there are more than 900 species of sage that can be found all around the world. Additionally, it is noteworthy that sage has a history of its medicinal properties, which is capable of treating disorders that range from gastrointestinal discomfort to mental disorder. Health Benefits of Sage Protection of the body s cells: Sage has the ability to protect the cells of the body from free radicals due to its high antioxidant properties. The free radicals can be the cause of the death of the cells in the body, which can thereby impair your immunity and lead to the development of chronic diseases. Treatment of Alzheimer s disease: Studies have indicated that sage can have a positive impact on your cognitive skills. Moreover, this herb can also provide protection against neurological disorders. In another study, it has been seen that sage can improve memory in healthy adults. Control of cholesterol and blood glucose levels: In another study, it has been suggested that patients who have high cholesterol or diabetes can benefit from the regular consumption of sage leaves for 3 months. The study included 40 participants, who witnessed lower average glucose levels, lower fasting glucose and also a lower level of cholesterol. Thus, it can be concluded that sage is beneficial in reducing the level of glucose, after fasting for 2 hours. Control of inflammation: Sage is known to have a property that provides relief from inflammation. However, this property is yet to be confirmed as more evidence is required to establish this property. Nutritional Profile of Sage: Sage is a powerhouse herb that contains several nutrients and vitamins. This includes nutrients such as potassium, folate, magnesium, beta-carotene, and phosphorous. Sage is also said to contain vitamins such as vitamin K and vitamin A. However, since we consume very low amounts of the herb, the nutrients that our body gets through sage are in negligible amounts. Ways of Adding Sage to Your diet Sage is available in three forms, which you can choose from for consumption. This includes fresh leaves, ground sage and rubbed sage. Therefore, you can consume the leaves whole, or add the ground form to a dish for added flavor and taste, minus the calorie and salt. This herb goes great with poultry, meats, and also in the form of tea. Or, you can also have it by sprinkling it over cheese, egg bakes or with omelets. Apart from consumption, sage also finds its place as an ingredient in soaps, cosmetics as well as herbal supplements.

Good News: All You Lipitor Users Rejoice!

General Physician, Udaipur
Good News: All You Lipitor Users Rejoice!
Good news: All you lipitor users rejoice! Cholesterol is finally officially removed from naughty list. The us government has finally accepted that cholesterol is not a nutrient of concern. Doing a u-turn on their warnings to us to stay away from high-cholesterol foods since the 1970s to avoid heart disease and clogged arteries. This means eggs, butter, full-fat dairy products, nuts, coconut oil and meat have now been classified as safe and have been officially removed from the nutrients of concern list. The us department of agriculture, which is responsible for updating the guidelines every five years, stated in its findings for 2015" previously, the dietary guidelines for americans recommended that cholesterol intake be limited to no more than 300 mg/day. The 2015 DGAC will not bring forward this recommendation because available evidence shows no appreciable relationship between consumption of dietary cholesterol and serum (blood) cholesterol, consistent with the aha/acc (american heart association / american college of cardiology) The dietary guidelines advisory committee will, in response, no longer warn people against eating high-cholesterol foods and will instead focus on sugar as the main substance of dietary concern. When we eat more foods rich in this compound, our bodies make less. If we deprive ourselves of foods high in cholesterol - such as eggs, butter, and liver - our body revs up. The real truth about cholesterol. The majority of the cholesterol in you is produced by your liver. Your brain is primarily made up from cholesterol. It is essential for nerve cells to function. Cholesterol is the basis for the creation of all the steroid hormones, including estrogen, testosterone, and corticosteroids. High cholesterol in the body is a clear indication which shows the liver of the individual is in good health. Cholesterol is the biggest medical scam of all time. There is no such thing as bad cholesterol So you can stop trying to change your cholesterol level. Studies prove beyond a doubt, cholesterol doesn't cause heart disease and it won't stop a heart attack. The majority of people that have heart attacks have normal cholesterol levels. Our body needs 950 mg of cholesterol for daily metabolism and the liver is the main producer. Only 15% of cholesterol is being donated by the food we eat. Got to work more to maintain the level at 950 mg. If the cholesterol level is high in our body, it shows the liver is working perfect.

Dietary Management for High Cholesterol

Dr. Akanksha Tayal 91% (2364 ratings)
Homeopath, Delhi
DIETARY MANAGEMENT: Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits - 7 servings or more each day Eat whole grain foods rich in soluble fibre oats, psyllium and barley Include 2 Omega 3 rich fish meals per week salmon, trout, sardines Include 2 bean based meals per week kidney beans, chickpeas, lentils Eat nuts such as almonds and walnuts small portions 5 times a week Improve the quantity and quality of fats you eat. A diet rich in saturated fat increases the LDL level. Saturated fats are found in sausages, butter, meat pies, ghee or clarified butter, lard, cream, cheese, cakes, and coconut or palm oil. Saturated fats should be replaced by unsaturated fats, which increase the level of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) or "good" cholesterol. HDLs carry cholesterol away from cells to the liver, where it can be broken down and processed as waste. Foods that are high in unsaturated fats include avocados, nuts, seeds, oily fish, sunflower oil, rapeseed oil and olive oil. Oils are best for added fat use small amounts, avoid frying If your triglycerides are high, limit sugars and alcohol. Fibre is found in plant based foods. Vegetables, fruit, whole grains, nuts, seeds, beans, peas and lentils are all great fibre sources.Functional or "soluble" fibre helps to reduce cholesterol by binding with cholesterol in your stomach and bowel. Eat more barley, oatmeal, sunflower seeds, almonds, soy, tofu,chickpeas, black beans, kidney beans, lentils, Brussels sprouts, carrots, apples, bananas, pears, oranges, grapefruit, prunes, blackberries. Note[Note] Be active move your body 30 minutes each day If you are overweight, work to reduce your weight by 10%

6 Effective Tips To Help You Deal With Cholesterol Disorders!

Dr. Sunita Sayammagaru 90% (232 ratings)
MBBS, MRCGP ( UK), Diploma in Diabetes (UK), DFSRH (UK), DRCOG (UK), CCT (UK)
Endocrinologist, Hyderabad
6 Effective Tips To Help You Deal With Cholesterol Disorders!
There can be no denying the fact that health is wealth, without which we would not be able to enjoy life to the fullest. And to have good health, overall well-being is essential which includes a healthy heart for which it is to have a healthy level of cholesterol. So, if you wish to deal with cholesterol disorders, then here are some tips for you: 1. Reduce intake of animal fats: When you are dealing with cholesterol disorders, you should stay away from fatty meats such as bologna, salami, hot dogs and others. It is also recommended to avoid full-fat dairy items such as cheese, cream, whole milk, and butter. These foods not only contain saturated fats but cholesterol as well which together make the condition worse. 2. Opt for more vegetables and fiber: You should try to substitute animal protein with plant-based protein such as tofu, lentils, beans, and quinoa. You can have them in soup, salad or burrito for reducing the saturated fat intake and increase fiber intake. Also, soluble fiber present in oats, ground flaxseed, barley, legumes, dried beans and whole-grain cereals helps in binding the bile. 3. Be careful of your carbohydrate intake: Research shows that taking a low-carbohydrate diet not only helps in losing weight and reducing cardiovascular risk factors. You should, therefore, go for high-fiber carbohydrates such as whole grain starches, lentils, and fruits which will provide all the energy that you need while keeping you fuller for longer. 4. Take measures for losing weight: If you are obese or overweight, you should try to reduce weight through exercise and keeping your diet on a check. This is because weight loss helps you reduce LDL cholesterol causes buildup and accumulation of plaque that can be detrimental to your health. You will be surprised to know that a reduction of 10 to 20 pounds of body weight can have a big impact. It is advised to indulge in 90 minutes of cardiovascular exercise for improving your heart health. 5. Seek resort to the technological advancements: Numerous technological tools can give you feedback on your exercise. Even the smartphones today come with various apps that can help you track exercise, calories intake, and motivation techniques. You may also invest in the biofeedback devices like heart rate monitors and pedometers for effectively managing the condition. 6. Keep up the good spirit: One of the best ways to deal with cholesterol disorders is to work out regularly and eat healthy on a regular basis. It is a process. Not only taking medicines, but these healthy habits will help your bad cholesterol levels drop desirably. As you can see, dealing with cholesterol disorders are not so complicated, all it takes is a few lifestyle changes in the right direction for a lifetime of good health.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir butterfly feeling in my chest and throat heat beat stopped feeling 1 second I consult doctor ecg 2d echo cholesterol levels normal what is this problem sir any problem sir this symptoms.

Dr. Rajiv Bajaj 94% (533 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
Occasional heart beats can get missed, it is called ectopic beats. They are uncomfortable but not dangerous. If you want a firm diagnosis you can undergo Holter test. Don't worry, ectopic is a minor problem.

I did my lft just as a routine test no symptoms reported but sgpt and sgot were 87 and 60. Cholesterol 214 trigledrysis 240.

Dr. S.K. Tandon 95% (14542 ratings)
M.D. Consultant Pathologist, CCEBDM Diabetes, PGDS Sexology USA, CCMTD Thyroid, ACDMC Heart Disease, CCMH Hypertension, ECG
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar
Fatty liver and dyslipidimia. Life style modification and medicines are available. Please contact me.

Good evening sir or mam, I have cholesterol. I am also going for walk. Please advice or give me diet chart. I have also weight gaining. 90 kg se 91 kg ho gya hai sir.

Dr. Ramesh Kawar 89% (156 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Cardiology, DM
Cardiologist, Mumbai
Everyone has Cholesterol! Is it high? You need to avoid fried food, Junk food, excess of oil, gher, butter cheese, Mutton etc. Govfor Regular walk for 45 minuets daily, Reduce your weight.

I actually suffered from psoriasis skin disease so I just want to known about my report test In urea examination my leucocyte esterase is positive and RBC or pus cell is also seen in urea examination RBC is 5-7rbc/HPF and pus cell is also n5-7 WBC/HPF or ESR is also detected it's 23 range I also did thyroid test in lipid screen test HDL cholesterol is 39 or LDL cholesterol is 107.60.

Dr. P K Dhawan 87% (1332 ratings)
MSc Applied Biology, Diploma in Naturopathy
Ayurveda, Delhi
All tests raised/lowered in infections .so first step to get your skin problems away is to see your blood free from infections .skin being the largest organ in body is effected stat .use FLP products like gels/antioxidants / .for raise immunity and fight with infections more details must .use FLP OMEGA--3 Pomestin Power, BEE HONEY if not diabetic .relief be stat.
1 person found this helpful

I recently got a full body check up done and in my lipid profile HDL Cholesterol is 35 mg/dL (reference interval: major risk factor for heart disease: <40). LDL cholesterol is 118.2 (reference interval: Near optimal 100 - 129). Is there something I need to be worried about since my HDL is below the reference interval?

Dr. Namrata Anand 90% (10 ratings)
BHMS, PG In Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, DNHE
Homeopath, Pune
There are no of conditions and lifestyle choices that play a role in lowering HDL levels. Insteadusing on actual HDL count, focus on exercise, Ideal body weight, adequate nutrition-these measures can all effectively raise the HDL .Talk with your dietician for personalised diet plan.

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