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Overview

Hernia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Hernia is a symptom that happens when an organ tries to push through an opening in the tissue or muscle that hold the organ in place. Like, our intestine may sometimes break through a weak area inside the abdominal wall. Although hernias can happen in upper thigh, groin areas and belly button, but hernia is most common in the abdomen. Generally hernia is not immediately life threatening. But hernias don’t get cured on their own and so requires surgery for recovery and avoid dangerous complications that can happen for this disease.

There are mainly four types of hernia:

  • Inguinal hernia
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Umbilical hernia
  • Incisional hernia

Hernias are formed as a combination of strain and muscular weakness. Depending on the cause, this disease can develop quickly or it may also take a long time. The causes of muscular weakness are, age, damages from surgery or injury and trauma, chronic coughing, failure of the abdominal wall to close rightly while in the mother’s womb (congenital defect). Strain factors that can cause this disease (especially if your muscle is weak) are heavy weightlifting, being pregnant, being constipated, ascites or formation of fluid inside the abdomen, persistent sneezing or coughing and also sudden gain in body weight.

Factors that escalate the risk of developing this disease includes chronic constipation, smoking that can bring about a chronic cough, being obese and having a family history of having a hernia. Incisional or inguinal hernias are generally diagnosed by performing a physical examination of the affected area in the body. The doctor can check for a bulge in your abdomen that gets bigger when you stand up or cough. In case of hiatal hernia, the doctor can recommend an endoscopy or a barium X-ray for seeing the internal locations inside the stomach. If children have umbilical hernia, the doctor can perform an ultrasound scan.

Whether a treatment is required for your hernia completely depends on the severity of your symptoms and the size of your herniation, Dietary changes are generally recommended for treating hiatal hernia. Patients are advised not to eat heavy meals. You can also be advised to give up smoking cigarettes or lose weight. For hiatal hernia, patients are also prescribed over-the-counter medicines that helps in reducing stomach acid to eliminate acid reflux or heart burns.

However, if your hernia has grown larger and is creating discomfort and pain, the doctor may decide to operate. The hernia surgery is most commonly done by patching the herniation with a surgical mesh. Hernia surgery can be done both laparoscopically and by open surgery.

It must be noted, that as hernia recurrence is much higher than other surgical procedures during the post-operative phase, absolute care is needed for total recovery from the disease.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Non communicable
Symptoms
Bulge or lump in the affected area. Pain or discomfort when bending, coughing or lifting heavy objects. Feeling of heaviness in the stomach. Burning, aching or gurgling sensation in the area of the bulge.

Popular Health Tips

What You Should Know About Hernia?

Dr. Sandeep Kumar 90% (31 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Phd
General Surgeon, Lucknow
What You Should Know About Hernia?
When an organ residing in a cavity such as the abdomen tries to push through the muscular layer it resides, it is called as hernia. Though said to be genetic, hernias can be caused by things such as improper heavy lifting, incorrect posture, or chronic constipation and as a result of surgical complication or injury. Factors like obesity, pregnancy, smoking, chronic lung disease aggravate the severity of the hernia. It is believed that about 27% of all males and 3% of females can have a hernia during their lifetime. Types of Hernias- Inguinal hernia - The groin is the most common area, where the abdomen pushes through a weak spot in the lower abdominal wall, causing a protrusion into the inguinal canal. More common in men than women. Hiatal hernia - The abdomen has the diaphragm separating it from the thoracic cavity in the upper border. When it pushes through the diaphragm, a hernia is caused and there is almost always associated food reflux in these cases. Though the most common cause is associated old age, due to muscle weakness, there also are cases of congenital hiatal hernias. Umbilical hernia - The abdomen finds a weak layer along its length and protrudes through the skin on the stomach. Most commonly seen in babies around the bellybutton, it gradually corrects itself on its own. Quiet rare in adults, seen during pregnancy and in chronic obese people. Incisional - These are post-surgical, and happen when the organ protrudes through the weakened wall due to surgery. The abdomen is again the most common area and the hernia can happen either onto the external surface or internally, when they are called ventral hernias. These are the most frequent types, though hernia affects other organs like the spine, brain, appendix, etc. Treatment - This includes a combination of constant monitoring followed by a decision to do surgical treatment. Hiatal hernias and umbilical hernias can be monitored for a while before deciding on surgery. Inguinal hernias may require surgery earlier in the stage. Post-surgery, a mesh is placed to hold back the tissue in its corrected place. The umbilical hernia in children could be self-limiting. If it does not get auto-corrected in the first year of life, that also would qualify for a surgical treatment. Dependent on each patient, hernias need to be managed under medical supervision.
1 person found this helpful

Hernia - What Should You Know?

Dr. M K Gupta 91% (133 ratings)
MBBS, MS- General Surgery
General Surgeon, Ambala
Hernia - What Should You Know?
When an organ residing in a cavity such as the abdomen tries to push through the muscular layer it resides, it is called as hernia. Though said to be genetic, hernias can be caused by things such as improper heavy lifting, incorrect posture, or chronic constipation and as a result of surgical complication or injury. Factors like obesity, pregnancy, smoking, chronic lung disease aggravate the severity of the hernia. It is believed that about 27% of all males and 3% of females can have a hernia during their lifetime. Types of hernias: Inguinal hernia - The groin is the most common area, where the abdomen pushes through a weak spot in the lower abdominal wall, causing a protrusion into the inguinal canal. More common in men than women. Hiatal hernia - The abdomen has the diaphragm separating it from the thoracic cavity in the upper border. When it pushes through the diaphragm, a hernia is caused and there is almost always associated food reflux in these cases. Though the most common cause is associated old age, due to muscle weakness, there also are cases of congenital hiatal hernias. Umbilical hernia - The abdomen finds a weak layer along its length and protrudes through the skin on the stomach. Most commonly seen in babies around the bellybutton, it gradually corrects itself on its own. Quiet rare in adults, seen during pregnancy and in chronic obese people. Incisional - These are post-surgical, and happen when the organ protrudes through the weakened wall due to surgery. The abdomen is again the most common area and the hernia can happen either onto the external surface or internally, when they are called ventral hernias. These are the most frequent types, though hernia affects other organs like the spine, brain, appendix, etc. Treatment - This includes a combination of constant monitoring followed by a decision to do surgical treatment. Hiatal hernias and umbilical hernias can be monitored for a while before deciding on surgery. Inguinal hernias may require surgery earlier in the stage. Post-surgery, a mesh is placed to hold back the tissue in its corrected place. The umbilical hernia in children could be self-limiting. If it does not get auto-corrected in the first year of life, that also would qualify for a surgical treatment. Dependent on each patient, hernias need to be managed under medical supervision.
4 people found this helpful

Hernia Surgery - Tips to Help You Recover Speedily!

Dr. Dinesh Shah 82% (49 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Jaipur
Hernia Surgery - Tips to Help You Recover Speedily!
Hernia surgery is performed for the correction of a hernia which refers to the bulging of internal organs or tissues through an abnormal opening. It is easy to detect hernia through any pain or discomfort while lifting heavy objects, cough and strain during urination or bowel movements or during prolonged standing or sitting. It can be found in both men and women. The Hernia can be congenital or can be developed over a period of time. If it doesn t get better over time and also does not go away by itself, then surgery becomes the only option. Types of Surgery There are two types of surgery for hernia treatment. One is the conventional open method, which requires an incision in the skin directly over the hernia. The other one is the Laparoscopic hernia repair in which surgery is performed using a small telescope known as a laparoscope. In this type of surgery minimal invasions are made and the hernia is repaired with only small incisions adjacent to the hernia. Most hernia operations are performed on an outpatient basis, which means that you can go home the very same day. Tips for early recovery Wear comfortable clothing with expandable waistbands. Keep yourself active by moving around as much as you can as it increases circulation, which further speeds up healing. Eat a diet rich in fibre, fresh fruits and vegetables. Drink lots of water and other fluids to avoid constipation. Do not lift any objects even if it is very light as it can bring back pain. Do not to pick up things from the floor as it will be difficult to bend. Hold a pillow against your stomach while sneezing or coughing to lessen the pain. Use stool softener for a few days before and after surgery to help you with your bowel movements. Avoid driving till the time you feel any pain and as long as you are taking narcotic pain medicines. Band-Aids which cover the incisions should be changed as and when needed. Refrain yourself from intercourse as it can be painful. Check with your doctor when to take a shower so as not to hurt your incisions, and make sure to gently dry your incisions and replace the Band-Aids after taking a shower. Do not consume any alcoholic drinks for at least 24 hours. The tips mentioned above will definitely provide help to cope up with post surgery blues. However, in case of fever, excessive sweating, difficulty in urinating, bleeding or any prolonged pain consult your doctor immediately.
3294 people found this helpful

Hernia Operation - What To Know About It?

Dr. Ashok Gupta 91% (5462 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Delhi
Hernia Operation - What To Know About It?
Hernia may be defined as the protrusion of an organ into an adjacent connective tissue or muscle. The protrusion usually occurs through a tear or a weakened area in the muscle (Fascia). The hernia may be Inguinal Hernia, Umbilical Hernia, Hiatal Hernia or Femoral Hernia. The hernia can also originate from an incision (Incisional Hernia). The Inguinal Hernia is commonly observed in males. Here, the intestine squeezes through a tear in the abdominal wall into the groin (inguinal canal). At times, the small intestine bulges through the abdominal wall (weak spot) near the bellybutton. This results in Umbilical Hernia. In Hiatal Hernia, the upper part of the stomach passes into the chest through the diaphragm. Of all the hernia types, the Inguinal Hernia is the most common. Severe strain and muscle tear or weakness can result in hernia. Obesity, chronic constipation, chronic coughing and sneezing, ageing, damage caused by injury, medical conditions like Cystic Fibrosis, contribute to increased incidences of hernia. In case of hernia, the affected area tends to protrude or bulge out. If left untreated; hernia can prove to be detrimental. One needs to consult a physician for proper diagnosis and treatment. Physical examination can help in the diagnosis of Inguinal Hernia. An ultrasound is needed to diagnose Umbilical Hernia. A Barium X -ray or endoscopy can be of great help in the diagnosis of Hiatal Hernia. The severity of the hernia depends upon its size. In case the hernia is rapidly increasing in size, a surgery is needed for the repair. The surgery performed can be Open or Laparoscopic. In open surgery, hernia is identified through an incision. Once located, the hernia is removed from the adjacent tissues. In Laparoscopic Repair, small incisions are made in the affected region. Through these incisions, specialized instruments are inserted. It is through these instruments that the surgeon visualizes and performs the surgery. In such repair, a mesh, held in place by sutures is used as a scaffold. This facilitates the growth of new tissues in the affected person. This technique significantly lowers the chances of a recurrence. Certain factors needs to be well addressed before performing hernia operation- Hernia operations, Laparoscopic in particular, should be performed by experienced surgeons. Inexperienced surgeons will do you more harm than good. Laparoscopic hernia operation should be avoided in case a patient has adhesions from previous surgery. Extreme care should be taken while performing a hernia operation in infants and children. In some cases, hernia surgery might affect or injure the vas deferens in men. This in turn can affect fertility in men.
2580 people found this helpful

Hernia: Time Not To Delay The Treatment

Dr. Hemendra Singh 84% (157 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Ghaziabad
Play video
A hernia occurs when an organ or fatty tissue squeezes through a weak spot in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue . Its important to treat this disease at the earliest to avoid any major impacts.
3 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from inguinal hernia (left side only). Pls say some medicines which can cure inguinal hernia. I have no pain. Left side inguinal canal is bigger than right. (i have no bad habits like smoking ,drinking alcohol, eating junk food. Pls help me.

Dr. Sudhir Jadhav 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship In Minimally Invasive Bariatric Surgery
General Surgeon, Pune
The only cure for any type of hernia is surgery. The reason for that is because hernia is an anatomical defect in the body which can be only be cured by operation and so no medicines or any kind of injection will ever be useful for it. But do not get worried by the term surgery. Nowadays the surgery is so advanced that you will not feel any pain and the cut on your body is also very small (approx 1.5 cm) with the laparoscopic approach. We at our center are doing laparoscopic hernia surgeries daily since last so many years and the patients are getting treated very well.
1 person found this helpful

I am 18 old since 4 months my stomach is bloating at upper left part and having watery stools after eating morning breakfast bowl moment starts with watery stools i'm having hiatal hernia and gerd ,i had taken ultrasound scanned report is normal, had endoscopy test result is sliding hernia ,i have bloating problem in my right upper abdomen, while taking breath it feels like air directly goes into right abdomen and feels like short breath.Please suggest.

Hussain Shabbir Kotawala 92% (90 ratings)
M.Ch. PAEDIATRIC SURGERY, M.B.B.S., GRANT GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE,SIR JJ GROUP OF HOSPITALS
Pediatric Surgeon, Mumbai
What medicines you taking take tblet razo 40 mg half hour bfre breakfast and diner 15 days syrup sucrafil o 2 teaspun 3 times a day avoid heavy meals take short frequent meals kep your head end propud up in bed.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from gerd and hiatus hernia please tell me what to do I am very worried I also have grade b esophagus ulcer I this is life threatening or not.

Dr. Jitha Shaji 93% (327 ratings)
B.A.M.S
Ayurveda,
I treat this condition with medicines prepared by me. I prepare it at my gmp certified company. you can have it without fear of peservatives. I suggest medicated ghee named pilodigin , fermented liquid of aloe Vera , tab and hingu powder. I will courier medicine if interested.

I have pain in the testicles. Feel something that is moving inside it apart from the testicle itself. Maybe some swelling in the spermatic cord/lymph nodes as I google it out. I wonder if its epididymitis or testicular cancer or hernia or stones or something else. Kindly guide.

Dr. Bhagyesh Patel 97% (7401 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, FMAS.Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Hello dear Lybrate user, Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly. Possible epididymal cyst, just get a doppler ultrasound examination done rather than getting panic Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance at my private URL https://www.Lybrate.com/gandhinagar/doctor/dr-bhagyesh-patel-general-surgeon Regards take care.

What does hernia means and why it requires to operated. If not operated what will be the consequence.

Dr. Jai Bharat Panwar 89% (84 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Paediatric Surgery
Pediatric Surgeon, Delhi
Protrusion of intestines through abdominal weaknesses is known as hernia It needs surgery otherwise complication may occur.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Hiatal Hernia - Know The Facts!

Dr. Preetham Raj 91% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Bangalore
Not all types of hiatal hernia requires surgical intervention. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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