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Last Updated: September 03, 2019
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Hernia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Hernia? Types of hernia What Are the causes of Hernia? Factors and Risks Symptoms Of Hernia

What is Hernia?

Hernia is a symptom that happens when an organ tries to push through an opening in the tissue or muscle that hold the organ in place. Like, our intestine may sometimes break through a weak area inside the abdominal wall.Although hernias can happen in upper thigh, groin areas and belly button, but hernia is most common in the abdomen. Generally hernia is not immediately life threatening. But hernias don’t get cured on their own and so requires surgery for recovery and avoid dangerous complications that can happen for this disease.

Types of hernia

There are four types of hernia:-

  • Inguinal hernia
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Umbilical hernia
  • Incisional hernia

What Are the causes of Hernia?

Hernias are formed as a combination of strain and muscular weakness. Depending on the cause, this disease can develop quickly or it may also take a long time.The causes of muscular weakness are, age, damages from surgery or injury and trauma, chronic coughing, failure of the abdominal wall to close rightly while in the mother’s womb .Strain factors that can cause this disease are heavy weightlifting, being pregnant, being constipated, ascites or formation of fluid inside the abdomen, persistent sneezing or coughing and also sudden gain in body weight.

Factors and Risks

Factors that escalate the risk of developing this disease includes chronic constipation, smoking that can bring about a chronic cough, being obese and having a family history of having a hernia.Incisional or inguinal hernias are generally diagnosed by performing a physical examination of the affected area in the body. The doctor can check for a bulge in your abdomen that gets bigger when you stand up or cough. In case of hiatal hernia, the doctor can recommend an endoscopy or a barium X-ray for seeing the internal locations inside the stomach.If children have umbilical hernia, the doctor can perform an ultrasound scan.

Whether a treatment is required for your hernia completely depends on the severity of your symptoms and the size of your herniation, Dietary changes are generally recommended for treating hiatal hernia. Patients are advised not to eat heavy meals. You can also be advised to give up smoking cigarettes or lose weight. For hiatal hernia, patients are also prescribed over-the-counter medicines that helps in reducing stomach acid to eliminate acid reflux or heart burns.

However, if your hernia has grown larger and is creating discomfort and pain, the doctor may decide to operate. The hernia surgery is most commonly done by patching the herniation with a surgical mesh.Hernia surgery can be done both laparoscopically and by open surgery.

It must be noted, that as hernia recurrence is much higher than other surgical procedures during the post-operative phase, absolute care is needed for total recovery from the disease.

Symptoms Of Hernia

  • Bulge or lump in the affected area.
  • Pain or discomfort when bending, coughing or lifting heavy objects.
  • Feeling of heaviness in the stomach.
  • Burning, aching or gurgling sensation in the area of the bulge.

Key Highlights

  • Treatable by medical professional
  • Require medical diagnosis
  • Lab test sometimes required
  • Non communicable

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello doctor, i'm suffering from an inguinal hernia and will be undergoing an operation soon. As am a smoker and also drink alcohol i'm wondering if that would be a problem while having the surgery. Should I tell my surgeon about this?

Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. Smoking or drinking do not affect the general surgical procedure. But your surgeon should be appraised of the situation and you should not drink liquor at least 48 hou...

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Content Details
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DNB (General Surgery),FICS,MBBS,MS - General Surgery,FCCP (USA)
General Surgery
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