A lining tear in the lower part of the rectum results in pain while passing stools. Anal fissures usually don’t result in grave problems. Anal fissures generally heal at home with proper treatment after some time.
They are termed as acute or short term fissures. If your anal fissure doesn’t heal after 12 weeks, then it may be a chronic fissure. A long term fissure might require medical treatment. It is quite a normal and treatable problem. All age groups of people may be affected, even otherwise healthy and young people.
If a person is suffering from the condition of anal fissure then he/she might experience the following symptoms:
Trauma or injury in the anal cavity may cause an anal fissure. Injury might happen when:
Few doctors believe that the sphincter tension might cause fissures. The inner anal sphincter isn’t controllable whereas the outer sphincter can be controlled at will. Thus this muscle has a lot of tension. If the pressure builds up too much, it may cause a spasm and reduce the blood flow causing a fissure. This pressure might slow the healing process for an existing fissure.
Your doctor can help in diagnosing anal fissures depending on a physical exam and the symptoms.
The doctor might wait for the fissure to heal before proceeding with anoscopy or rectal exams. If the exam is critical, local anesthetics may be used for numbing the area. A doctor may also look into any other conditions that may cause the fissure. Having more than one fissures or having it in a region where they don’t usually happen might indicate a graver problem, like an immunocompromised system or IBS.
90% of all short term fissures heal on their own or with Home Remedies. These include the use of fiber supplements and stool softeners and periodic sitz baths. 40% of chronic anal fissures heal with home treatment. Not all home treatments are effective in treating fissures. If the fissure lasts longer than 12 weeks then prescription medicines may be needed. These include high BP medicines, nitroglycerin cream and Botox injections.
Some of the side effects of the fissures include the following:
The best cream for fissures is the nitroglycerin ointment. It is a 0.2% nitroglycerin ointment and it helps in the healing for long-term treatment of the tear, in the fissure or tears in the anus. This cream is rubbed by taking a pea-sized dot on the fissure twice in a day. While applying the cream it is a very good idea to wear gloves.
The cream is to be applied twice a day. If the cream gets absorbed in the skin there are chances that side effects may increase. When there is an expansion in the muscle strain it prompts resting pressure consequently, it prompts crevices. The blood flow gets reduced to the anus due to the anus and it may occur due to the rise in pressure. It leads to stopping the healing of the existing fissures. Many studies have revealed that this cream works better in the conditions which are conservative.
Some of the home remedies which can be used for the treatment of the fissures are given below: