When a male faces problems with getting or continuing to keep an erection during sexual intercourse, he may be suffering from erectile dysfunction (ED). ED may result because of an underlying health issue such as heart disease, thus the problem should be discussed with a doctor as soon as possible.
As per the causes and extent of the problem the doctor will recommend a type of treatment which may include oral medication, penis pumps, penile implantation and even surgery. Psychological counseling is recommended to men who are suffering from stress and anxiety. Low self-esteem may also lead to ED. Counseling effectively helps men solve their mental health issues and overcome ED.
Oral medication may include drugs like Viagra, Cialis, Stendra, and Levitra, which enhance the nitric oxide effect in the body, thus improving blood flow in the penis. The dosage of the medicines will vary from individual to individual. These medicines do not aid in immediate erection, as they aren’t aphrodisiacs. Some form of sexual stimulation is necessary to trigger the release of nitric oxide and cause an erection.
Self-injections and Muse therapy, as well as testosterone replacement options, can also be suggested by doctors.
In the case of Muse therapy, a special applicator is used to insert a small alprostadil suppository into the penile urethra. This should be inserted into the penis before intercourse. It takes about 10 minutes for the medicine to do its work and the erection may last from 30 minutes to 60 minutes.
Testosterone replacement treatment is recommended for men who suffer from ED because of low levels of testosterone. The replacement of testosterone is generally done through injection or application of a patch. It may also be taken in gel or gum form.
A penis pump, which is also known as a vacuum erection device is situated just over the penis. The hollow tube is generally battery powered or hand powered. Once the pump is placed it removes the air from inside the device, creating a vacuum that triggers blood flow to the penis resulting in an erection. A tension ring is then placed at the penis base to keep the erection in place. The ring should be removed once intercourse is done.
Penile implantation is done through a surgical procedure in which the implants are located on two sides of a man’s penis. The implants may either be inflatable rods or semi-rigid rods. This form of treatment is very rare and is done only after other types of ED treatment have failed.
Erectile dysfunction can affect men at any age. Usually, older men tend to face this problem more than younger men. Men of all age can seek treatment for ED.
The treatment for ED generally depends on the diagnosis and will vary from individual to individual.
Depending on the health and certain other factors a doctor will advise a certain form of treatment to cure ED. While a type of treatment like oral medication may work for one patient, another may require a surgery.
Treatment for ED is safe, but there may be few side effects such as:
Post-treatment patients generally are asked to make changes to their lifestyle. This includes a balanced diet and regular exercise. They are advised to quit smoking and reduce intake of alcohol.
Treatment for ED is generally in the form of oral medication which needs to be taken according to prescribed guidelines. Recovery after penile surgery takes about 2 to 4 weeks. One can resume sexual activity in about 6 weeks’ time.
In the case of ED due to stress or anxiety, individuals seek psychotherapy and recovery as and when they distress and learn to relax.
The cost of treating ED varies upon the kind of treatment one is seeking. It generally ranges from Rs 25,000 to 40,000 and even more in some cases.
While effects of surgery and penile implants may be permanent, oral medication needs to be taken as and when a male who suffers from ED wants to indulge in intercourse.
A number of alternative treatment for ED are also available. These include: