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Brain Hemorrhage: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

A brain haemorrhage occurs when there is bleeding either inside the brain or in the surrounding area. The reasons for brain haemorrhage are quite a few. They include hypertension or high blood pressure, drug abuse, trauma and leaking blood vessels. A brain haemorrhage that involves bleeding inside the skull area is known as an intracranial haemorrhage. When there is bleeding inside the brain, it is known as intracerebral haemorrhage. A haemorrhage that occurs between the brain covering and the brain tissue is known as subarachnoid haemorrhage. A situation of a subdural hematoma that is below the dura (tough covering) and epidural hematoma that is above the dura (tough covering) happens where there is blood clotting between the brain and the skull. An epidural or subdural hematoma can occur because of trauma or because of an accident (usually a fall).

A brain haemorrhage can occur when over the passage of time there is continuous increasing blood pressure against the artery walls. This happens during high blood pressure and can cause a rupturing of the arterial walls. Sometimes prescription medications can contribute to brain haemorrhage as well. Drug abuse overtime also weakens the artery walls. The symptoms of a brain haemorrhage include headache (throbbing pain as a result of rupturing of an aneurysm), vomiting, nausea, numbness, changes in vision, trouble swallowing, seizures, loss of consciousness; balance and coordination, trouble with reading or writing and lethargy.

How is the treatment done?

In case of brain haemorrhage, it is necessary to seek immediate medical treatment in the form of surgery. However, the type of surgery will depend on the age of the patient, his health condition in total and the intensity of damage caused to the brain and the location of the damage.

The decompression surgery helps to relieve the pressure possessed by the brain. A neurosurgeon will skilfully the pooled blood and also repair the damage that has been inflicted on the brain. If the hematoma is drained then size of the pooled blood is reduced and the patient can get relief from his/her pain. In order to do this the doctor can perform craniotomy or open surgery; In this surgery, the surgeon will partially remove a part of the skull and perform an open surgery in order to drain the hematoma. In the process he will also drain the blood vessels that have ruptured. This surgery is performed only when the hematoma has become very large.

In the Simple aspiration surgical method the surgeon will with the help of a needle make a hole in the skull in order to drain the hematoma. The difficulty of this surgery lies in locating the very source of bleeding. The endoscopic evaluation method is similar to the simple aspiration method with the only difference being in the use of an endoscopic or camera in order to locate the position of the hematoma. In the stereotactic aspiration method a CT (computed tomography) along with suction tool will be used for locating and draining the hematoma respectively.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

All those who have suffered a brain trauma or are suffering from bleeding inside the region of the brain or skull are eligible to go for a brain haemorrhage surgery.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Information not available

Are there any side effects?

The side effects one can encounter after going through a craniotomy surgery includes bleeding, brain damage, damage to the facial muscle/ sinuses/ head pin, adverse reaction to anaesthetic and infection of bone flap.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post-treatment guidelines of a brain haemorrhage surgery depends on a number of factors. An aneurysm that leads to a subarachnoid haemorrhage may require the patient to be held back in the hospital for at least two weeks so that he may be monitored for the possibility of a cerebral vasospasm. For patients who did not suffer a rupturing of the aneurysm, recovery time is quicker and less troubling. Such patients may be let out of the hospital within a few days time and they can resume their daily activities once again. For patients who went through a craniotomy surgery (clip ligation of the aneurysm), they will be held back further for a few more days in the hospital even after being let out of the intensive care unit. After being discharged such patients can resume their normal daily activities but should take precaution to abstain from any intense activity that can put a pressure or a strain on the self. The patients are also asked to visit the doctor from time to time as a follow up protocol.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery time for a craniotomy surgery or any other brain haemorrhage takes about 4-6 weeks to heal completely.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of an open surgery In India for a brain haemorrhage is about Rupees 70,000 and the cost of a craniotomy costs about 33,000 Rupees. The cost of OT is about 1, 000 and the cost of Coiling is about 3 lakhs.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

People who experience bleeding in certain regions of the brain or those with an elevated initial bleeding stage stand at the risk of dying. Over the passage of time, with required therapies and medications patients who suffered a brain haemorrhage can slowly go back to their normal daily functions. In other cases, post-surgery, patients can continue to suffer from headaches, memory retention problems and seizures.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Alternative treatment for brain haemorrhage includes consuming foods such as fish oils, herbal plants. Also, doing yoga and applying ginkgo biloba and healing crystals can help. However, in case of serious brain haemorrhage, opting for a surgery may be the only option.

Popular Questions & Answers

I want to ask about my brother in feb month he was suffered from stroke and left side was majorly imfaulted due to this stroke now his right side is paralysed n he can not even sit by himself he is taking steroid 500 mg, levipil 500 mg, ecosprin 75 mg n ceftum 500 mg from last 1-2 months pls suggest me any other medicine which can recover him from his paralytical condition.

Neurosurgeon, Ernakulam
Hi lybrate-user, I am a neurosurgeon. I would like to know if there is any movement in any of his limbs and the cause of his stroke. Brain cells, unlike other cells in the body will not regenerate once it is damaged. So recovery of movements depen...
5 people found this helpful

Hello sir, my mom is suffering from semi accued brain hemorrhage and diffused cloting. Now her platelets are aggregate and she prescribed medicines eptoin 100 mg bd levera 500 mg tds etd plus bd esom bd glycerol 6 tbs tds now my question is platelets are aggregate.

MBBS, DNB - Neurosurgery, Fellowship in Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Delhi
If platelets are low then she may re-bleed. Platelets should be atleast 80,000 to be on the safer side. Normal count - 1.5 to 4 lacs.
2 people found this helpful

My 80 years old uncle fallen down from stairs and suffering from brain haemorrhage last 4 days and he is unconscious. Report says a large clotting on his brain. Is there any chance of his survive? Is brain surgery is helpful in this condition?

MCh(Minimally Invasive & Robotic Surgery), MS - Surgical, MBBS
General Surgeon, Guwahati
It will depend upon the damage inside the skull. if the vital areas of brain are not damaged then it is always better to take an attempt which often yield good outcome. if it is left as it it, nothing better than the fate is expected.
1 person found this helpful

My father suffered seems like a partial paralysis or stroke. He had sudden problem in right hand and not able to clearly speak then after 10 minutes, he got normal. These kind of stroke come 3-4 times two day ago. We have done lipid profile and blood sugar, and CT scan head but all reports are normal. Can you please elaborate, why this is happens.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Certificate Course In Evidence Based Diabetes Management, Certificate Course In Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetologist, Sri Ganganagar
These are T I A. This is a strong warning and indication that your father can have an attack of Brain stroke at any time. You have to consider a Dr. of neurology urgently.

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MBBS,MS - General Surgery,MCh - Neuro Surgery
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