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Brain Stroke - Must Know Facts About It!

Dr. Kunal Bahrani 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Faridabad
Brain Stroke - Must Know Facts About It!

A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point of time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements

What are the different types of strokes?
There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic attacks. The The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supplyof of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have travelled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen. The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burstor or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage.

What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke?
The symptoms of the brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body.

Who is likely to have a stroke?
Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although ageing is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke.

There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pillssmoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.

Treatment for stroke:

  • Treatment depends on the type of stroke.
  • Ischemic strokes can be treated with 'clot-busting' drugs.
  • Hemorrhagic strokes can be treated with surgery to repair or block blood vessel weaknesses.
  • The most effective way to prevent strokes is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

What is TPA?
TPA is a thrombolytic or a “Clot Buster” drug. This clot buster is used to break-up the clot that is causing a blockage or disruption in the flow of blood to the brain and helps restore the blood flow to the area of the brain. It is given by intravenous (IV). This can be given only within 45.5 hrs of the onset of symptoms

Time is brain

Remember Every second Loss means brain cells die.

Rush to the nearest Stroke Centre whenever you experience such symptoms.

You can save the brain cells dying if you reach within 45.5 hrs by the CLOT BUSTER. 

Endovascular procedures:
Another treatment option is an endovascular procedure called mechanical thrombectomy, strongly recommended, in whichtrained  trained doctors try  removing a large blood clot bysending sending a wired-caged device called a stentretriever, to the site of the blocked blood vessel in the brain

Stroke prevention:
The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It startswith with managing keyrisk risk factors, including 

More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control. 

Rehabilitation:
The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehabilitation ("rehab"). In stroke rehab, a team of health professionals works with you to regain skills you lost as the result of a stroke. 

1 person found this helpful

Life After A Heart Stroke!

Dr. Kamales Kumar Saha 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB General - Surgery, MS General Surgery, MCh (CTVS)
Cardiologist, Mumbai
Life After A Heart Stroke!

A heart attack allows you to get a double take on life. Once you survive it, you tend to realize how close your brush with death has been and how important your lifestyle choices can be. Most people go on to live a productive life after a heart attack provided they can adhere to making healthy choices.
Here's what you can do if you have experienced your first attack and want to change for the better:

1. Start at the hospital: A person usually stays in the hospital for 3 days after an attack to monitor their condition. This duration increases if you have complications that involve procedures like a bypass surgery. Your first significant change will come to your medication routine. Your existing dosages may be adjusted and you'll possibly prescribed newer medicines that will treat and control your symptoms. You'll not only need to know the names of all your medicines but when you have to take them. Its best you know exactly why are taking each of them, if there are other more economic alternatives since this may last a lifetime and what side effects they may have.

2. Maintaining your mental health: Once bitten, twice shy applies for heart attack victims too. Not only do they live in a constant worry about another attack, every small symptom like a harmless muscle pull can trigger the fear factor. You also get into the "heart patient" dependent mode based on how much help you need to recover. Check for support groups and other heart attack survivors in your locality to see how they are coping. Read more about your recovery and try to keep a positive frame of mind.

3. Go for cardiac rehab: Many hospitals have a rehabilitation program that you can participate in as an outpatient or you can go to a clinic that specializes in it. Such programs help speed up your recovery. It is run by people who will hand hold you in bringing positive changes in your life to protect and strengthen your heart. You'll learn activities that positively improve heart functions and reduce your chances of developing complications or dying from heart disease. You'll also benefit from exercises that'll be taught by a certified exercise specialist. 

4. Making lifestyle changes: Quitting smoking is an obvious one. You'll now have to lead a more active lifestyle with daily exercise. You'll also need to actively manage your diabetes and obesity. None of these changes can happen in a day. In fact, behavioural scientists suggest that you need to practice a new activity continuously for twenty one days for it to become a habit. 
 

2 people found this helpful

Stroke And Ayurveda!

Dr. Krishna Kumar 90% (84 ratings)
MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Trivandrum
Stroke And Ayurveda!

When blood supply to the brain is interrupted, a person suffers a stroke. The brain cells do not receive the oxygen and glucose needed to survive and so they die. A stroke can be fatal and life-threatening. The brain can be permanently damaged. Many surveys reveal that 50% of people who suffer a stroke do not live for more than a year. A stroke usually happens to people aged 65 years or above.

How does a stroke occur?

There are two types of stroke caused by two different reasons-

1. Ischemic stroke: Clots are formed in the brain’s blood vessels or in the vessels in any part of the body which travel to the brain. These clots obstruct the flow of blood to the brain. The chief reason for the development of clots is deposition of fatty acids and cholesterol.

2. Hemorrhagic stroke: This kind of stroke happens when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures. The blood from the ruptured vein flows into the brain and damages the brain cells. The chief cause of hemorrhagic strokes is high blood pressure and aneurysm (thinning of the walls of the vein)

What are the symptoms of stroke:

The following are the usual symptoms that can tell you if are about to or just have suffered a stroke-

• The arms or legs on either side or the face feels numb
• Loss of vision in one or both eyes
• Difficulty of speech
• Sudden and splitting headache
• Disorientation and feeling unbalanced while walking
• Altered consciousness

Risk of strokes:

High blood pressure is the most common cause of strokes. If your blood pressure exceeds 140/90 you are at a risk of suffering a stroke. Diabetes or people with a family history of strokes have higher chances of suffering a stroke. More men suffer a stroke than women. Certain lifestyle choices like excessive smoking or alcohol consumption can actually increase the risk of strokes.

Ayurveda and the treatment of stroke

In the ayurvedic parlance, stroke is called paksha pakshaghata. The cause is Vata dosha (Vata is responsible for the sensory and motor activities of the body)

Ayurveda treats strokes by easing or relieving the symptoms or effects of a stroke. The most popular course of treatment consists of a combination of Basti, Nasya and Shirodhara-

• In Basti, a person goes through an enema to cleanse the body of internal toxins
• Nasya aims to clear the sinuses, nose and head.
• For a Shirodhara treatment, a person has to lie on her/his back and liquids mixed with medicins are poured down her/his forehead which the bloodstream absorbs through the skin.
• Dhanadanayanadi Kashayam, Dhanwantara Kashayam, Ashtavarga Kashayam, Bala Arista treatment restore the motor and sensory functions of the brain.
• Balaswagandhadi taila,Ksheerabala taila, Dhanvantara taila help rejuvenate the damaged brain cells.
• Some other forms of treatment include Ashwagandharishtaa, Brahmi Vati and Ashwagandhachurna.
• An effective home remedy is boiling 3-4 garlic cloves in 100ml of milk. Keep boiling till the mixture is reduced to half its original volume. This concoction should be taken right before going to bed. It helps to keep blood pressure and cholesterol under check.

After the treatment is completed, a person can expect relief from the symptoms of stroke.

Ayurveda can treat the effects of stroke efficiently with a combination of physical therapies and medication.

5610 people found this helpful

Why High Fibre Diet Is Good For Your Heart?

Dr. Saurabh Juneja 88% (242 ratings)
MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Why High Fibre Diet Is Good For Your Heart?

Most people associate fibre to be good for the digestive system. It helps to add roughage and therefore helps in avoiding constipation. When we dig deeper, the fibre seems to do good not just to the stomach but to the heart as well. Those who are prone to develop heart disease should make an attempt to include more fibre in their diet and reap the rich benefits it offers.

There are two classifications of fibres

  1. Dietary
  2. Functional 

Dietary ones are found in diet products and functional being added fibre through various food supplements. Soluble and insoluble fibre, based on their solubility in water. Most foods contain some amounts of both. The insoluble one has more digestive benefits, as it adds to the roughage. Both types have cardiac benefits.

Read on to know some of the benefits of fibres:

  1. Reduces cholesterol: There is good cholesterol which is essential for the body, and there is bad cholesterol that causes heart disease. What fibres do is reduce the amount of bad and overall cholesterol in circulation. The fibre binds to the cholesterol and removes it from the body, which otherwise would get into circulation and lead to plaque formation and heart disease.
  2. Reduces blood pressure: Because the cholesterol does not circulate in the bloodstream, the blood is not as vicious and therefore, the vessels exert much less pressure to allow for free flow. A diet change to whole grains can show a marked difference in people with hypertension.
  3. Helps in weight management: Eating fibre means more bulk and fewer calories so that a person feels full after eating smaller amounts. This is a great way to lose weight and bring preexisting heart disease under control.
  4. Helps in stroke prevention: The circulating cholesterol usually gets sluggish and settles down along the walls of the blood vessels. This attracts more cholesterol, which eventually forms what is knowns as plaque. When this plaque attains a considerable size, it gets dislodged, circulates in the bloodstream, and can reach any of the vital organs. When it reaches the heart or brain, it can lead to heart attack or stroke. By removing the cholesterol which leads to all these complications, fibre reduces the incidence of stroke and heart attacks.
  5. Helps in managing diabetes: Blood pressure, increased weight and heart disease all are predisposing factors and have common contributing factors as does diabetes. Controlling all these helps in prolonging the onset of diabetes and reducing its severity too.

High-fibre diet mainly reduces cholesterol which helps in multiple ways to maintain not just a healthy body but also improves the overall quality of life.

Foods rich in fibre -

  • Wholegrain breakfast cereals, wholewheat pasta, wholegrain bread and oats, barley and rye.
  • Fruit such as berries, pears, melon and oranges.
  • Vegetables such as broccoli, carrots and sweetcorn.
  • Peas, beans and pulses.
  • Nuts and seeds.
  • Potatoes with skin.
5204 people found this helpful

Types Of Haemorrhage & How It Can be Treated!

Dr. Rahul Jawahar 89% (44 ratings)
MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Thrissur
Types Of Haemorrhage & How It Can be Treated!

In simple language, Hemorrhage is when the blood escapes from veins or blood vessels. This escape may happen because of various reasons like, for example, injury, low platelet count, threatened abortion, piles (Hemorrhoids), cancersurgeryliver disease, brain trauma, acute bronchitis, menstrual problem and so on.  

Types of Hemorrhage: 

As a matter of fact, Hemorrhage is grouped into several categories. Hemorrhage can occur post surgery, and such a Hemorrhage is called as postoperative Hemorrhage. Similarly, for various reasons Hemorrhage can occur from the artery (Arterial Hemorrhage), vein (Venous Hemorrhage) or capillary (Capillary Hemorrhage). If Hemorrhage happens because of an injury, it is called primary Hemorrhage.  

Other types of Hemorrhage are delayed bleeding post injury (Reactionary Hemorrhage), bleeding following childbirth (Postpartum Hemorrhage), delay in bleeding following Sepsis popularly called as septic (Secondary Hemorrhage), bleeding from urine (Haematuria), bleeding while coughing (Hemoptysis) and bleeding caused in the stomach (Hematemesis). 

Further, Hemorrhage can be broadly classified into two namely internal and external:

  1. It would be needless to mention that excessive bleeding may lead to several complications. It can result in organ failure and there are instances that excessive bleeding can be fatal. On the other hand, blood loss can be external or visible Hemorrhage like those caused during an injury. There are also instances of blood loss occurring internally in which case the patient may notice blood either in the urine or stools, vagina or while coughing or through the nostrils or even from the mouth. In such cases, the patient should be rushed to a doctor who after careful examination, and tests would be able to identify the causes of the internal bleeding. 
  2. In case of external bleeding or external Hemorrhage like those caused due to an injury, you may provide the necessary first aid. When the bleeding is noticed, do not get alarmed and also try to keep the patient calm. Hemorrhage caused due to external injury would normally stop within one or two minutes. However, if the bleeding persists even after two or three minutes, such cases would require medical attention, and therefore, you should rush the patient to the doctor at the earliest. 

Remedies

There are several remedies to tackle the problem of Hemorrhage. Some of the normal procedures followed are IV fluid, oxygen, administering medicines like vitamin B12 and so on. In complicated cases, the physician may suggest bone marrow surgical procedure, Endogenous EPO or such other procedures. If Hemorrhage is left unattended, it can result in several complications. Therefore, you should rush the patient to the physician urgently.

Occupational Therapy For People Recovering From A Stroke!

Dr. Iram Parveen 91% (795 ratings)
Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
Occupational Therapist, Delhi
Occupational Therapy For People Recovering From A Stroke!

Stroke is one of the major reasons for disability in adults. In the US alone, 7 million people suffer from a stroke in a year. After a stroke, the affected individual suffers from lots of health issues. They feel week and fatigued. An ache in one side of the body, inability to walk, and social disability are experienced. Emotional and cognitive functioning is disturbed. Continuum care is recommended for the affected individuals and they need interdisciplinary care to ensure they can do things independently. This is where occupational therapy plays a vital role.

What does the therapist do?

Using a range of evidence-based methods, the occupational therapists can address the physical, emotional, and mental challenges caused by the stroke. Occupational therapy does not concentrate only on the ailment. It takes into account the emotional needs, desires, limitations, and activities of the stroke survivors. It helps them to recoup the skill to get the daily chores done independently. An occupational therapist surveys the home of the stroke survivor and evaluates the risk of hazards. The practitioner also helps the affected individuals in coping with the loss of vision and memory. The physical strength and fortitude are augmented. The major focus will be on making the affected reach the heights of performance in the valued occupations.

How does it help?

Studies prove that occupational therapy does not only help one to recover faster, but also prevents worsening of the condition further. The stroke survivor, who receives the occupational therapy, is independent when it comes to daily living chores. Wouldn’t it be a great improvement on the emotional health when the affected feels he or she can get things done with little or occasional help? Also, this reduces the caregiver burden. The family is relieved that the survivor can eat, bath, and take a few things without someone having to sit closer and help. This mentally boosts the caregivers and the family to motivate the survivor. The stroke survivor also looks forward to the rehabilitation treatment as the occupational therapy makes them feel great.

Transitional and community integration services can make sure that the patients are engaged in their specific environments, once they get back home after occupational therapy in the specialized care center. After a certain period, when the stroke survivors show considerable improvement, the practitioner again evaluates to find if activities like driving can be resumed by the clients. Community mobility of different choices is recommended if the client is not fit for driving. There are driver rehab programs and the driving skills can be regained.

An occupational therapist spends more time with the client than any other healthcare professional. This is because the practitioner is responsible for alleviating the challenges faced by the affected individual emotionally and physically. The practitioner not only helps the client to achieve the goals but also ensures that the client is psychologically motivated whenever he or she is discouraged. Rehabilitation can reverse the damage done to the brain. But it takes lots of efforts to learn the things to do them in a different way. An occupational therapist makes this goal easier for his or her clients.

3852 people found this helpful

Blood Pressure - Effective Ways To Control It!

Dr. Vishwanath B L 92% (100 ratings)
Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Bangalore
Blood Pressure - Effective Ways To Control It!

Hypertension or increased blood pressure is one of the modern lifestyle diseases. The changing lifestyles including altered dietary habits and lack of physical activity are the main reasons for the high incidence of hypertension. With this, it brings a host of complications including other chronic diseases like diabeteskidney failure, risks of stroke and heart attacks.

Alternative medicine proposes quite a number of remedies in addition to just increased physical activity. Read on to know more about how you can eat healthier and control your blood pressure.

  1. Eat walnuts: As most books and media depict, heart disease is directly related to physical reaction towards stress. Regular eating of walnuts helps control this response, thereby controlling blood pressure. It is also a great source of antioxidants and fibre, which adds to its heart-healthy features.

  2. Load up on minerals: Eating a diet rich in calcium, magnesium, and potassium is extremely beneficial for the heart. Sweet potatoes, bananas, dry fruits, dairy products, etc., have shown to reduce blood pressure extremely well in various experiments.

  3. Avoid salt: While the natural sea salt is almost out of use, most of us have switched to the processed variety, which is devoid of all minerals. This is one of the major contributors for increased blood pressure. Studies have shown that reducing salt intake helps in a big way in controlling blood pressure. Most of us are also used to adding extra salt so the food tastes better. This should be avoided. With increased consumption of processed food items, everything from bread to cookies to cheese has salt, which also should be reduced, and if possible, avoided.

  4. Have a colourful meal: Load up your plate with peppers, berries, dry fruits, and organic fruits and vegetables. Pomegranate juice is believed to control angiotensin, converting enzyme, which is responsible for controlling hypertension. They are also rich in antioxidants and help control blood pressure by reducing inflammation.

  5. Know your cholesterol: While cholesterol is generally used with a negative connotation, it is not always true. There is good and bad cholesterol and the bad one should be avoided. Watch out for labels, and ensure you are eating less of the bad cholesterol. Good cholesterol is required for the production of hormones and proper functioning of the body.

  6. Watch your medicines: While it is easy to just pop an ibuprofen when there is a headache or a back ache, it is advisable to watch out. These are best avoided in the long run, as they can induce hypertension and induce heart disease.

In addition, meditation, relaxation, green tea, dark chocolate, red wine, music, and quitting smoking are also shown to be helpful in controlling blood pressure.

6962 people found this helpful

Brain Stroke - How To Diagnose It?

Dr. Aveg Bhandari 88% (13 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Indore
Brain Stroke - How To Diagnose It?

A stroke, also called cerebrovascular accident (CVA), cerebrovascular insult(CVI), or brain attack, occurs when a part of the brain is deprived of blood flow. When the brain cells are deprived of oxygen they begin to die. When brain cells die, the functions controlled by that part of the brain also stops, which results in different types of disabilities among stroke survivors.

There are two types of strokes

  • Hemorrhagic
  • Ischemic stroke

The first is caused when a brain aneurysm or a weak blood vessel bursts. Most of the time, this type of stroke leads to death. The second one happens when a clot blocks the flow of blood to the brain. Patients suffering from stroke suffer from various side-effects, the most common ones being paralysis or loss of feeling in a certain part of the body, problem in understanding or talking and loss of vision in one side. The side-effects start showing up regularly after a person has had a stroke.

In certain conditions, blood flow to a certain part of the brain stops for only some time and hence the body suffers stroke like symptoms which only last a couple of hours before disappearing. This is known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Unfortunately, the effects of a stroke can be debilitating and also permanent. Hence its important to know the symptoms of a stroke and rush the patient to a doctor as soon as possible. Sometimes early treatment can save a lot of damage.

The primary symptoms of stroke are as follows:

  1. Confusion and problems with talking and comprehension
  2. Headache along with alteration of consciousness or vomiting
  3. Numbness of the face, arms or legs, especially on one side of the body
  4. Issue with seeing, in one or both eyes
  5. Inability to walk with stability, including disrupted coordination
  6. Problems with the bladder and bowel control
  7. Acute depression
  8. Body temperature fluctuates, and pain worsens with movement
  9. Paralysis on one side of the body along with fatigue
  10. Problem in expressing or controlling emotions

Risk Factors:

Diagnosis of stroke

Several tests are carried out to determine the type of stroke acquired. They are:

  1. Physical examination, which involves observing the patient's overall condition.
  2. Blood tests
  3. CT scans
  4. MRI scans
  5. Cerebral angiogram
  6. Echocardiograms

Stroke is a fatal brain disease and can cause permanent damage to your system so its best to check with your doctor to know how you can prevent it.

2955 people found this helpful

High Blood Pressure - Its Myths And Facts!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
High Blood Pressure - Its Myths And Facts!

High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is also called as hypertension. Blood pressure is the total force that is exerted against the arteries walls as the blood flows through the arteries. If you have a high blood pressure problem then you should visit a doctor. High blood pressure can lead to various health complications if left uncontrolled or untreated. These health problems include loss of the vision, kidney disease, stroke and heart problem. It is a common problem. But it is important to diagnose it early so that treatment can be provided on time. You should check your blood pressure regularly as it would help you and your doctor to find the changes if any. Hypertension can be treated with the help of prescribed medicines or by making some changes in the lifestyle related to health.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
It is not necessary that people will experience symptoms in case of high blood pressure. Many people do not experience the symptoms. That is why it is generally known as a silent condition. When blood pressure reaches around 180/110 mmHg then it becomes a medical emergency called a hypertensive crisis. You will experience the symptoms at this stage. Check out various symptoms of high blood pressure that you may experience:

- High blood pressure may lead to nosebleeds.

- A headache, breathlessness, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness are some of the symptoms that you may experience due to a hypertensive crisis.

- Blurred or double vision is one of the symptoms or signs of high blood pressure.

- A condition of hypertensive crisis may lead to palpitations or forceful or irregular heartbeats.

- Children with high blood pressure may experience various symptoms including blurred vision, headache, nosebleeds, fatigue or Bell's palsy in which it becomes hard to control the muscles on one side of the face.

- Very young babies and newborns can also have high blood pressure. They experience various signs including respiratory distress, irritability, seizure, lethargy, and failure to thrive.

Causes of High Blood Pressure
A person has high blood pressure when the arteries walls receive a lot of pressure on a constant basis. High blood pressure causes are categorised in two categories including essential high blood pressure and secondary high blood pressure. Essential high blood pressure has no cause while secondary high blood pressure has an underlying cause. As per some evidence, there are some factors that can be responsible for essential high blood pressure. Check out some of the causes of essential high blood pressure and secondary high blood pressure:

- The more your age is the higher the risk of developing high blood pressure.

- If you have someone in your family who has the problem of hypertension then you are at a greater risk of developing high blood pressure.

- Both obese and overweight people are prone to develop hypertension or high blood pressure in comparison to other people who have a normal weight.

- Adult men are more prone to high blood pressure than adult women. Though, after the age of 60 years, both women and men are equally prone to develop high blood pressure.

- Lack of physical exercises may lead to hypertension or high blood pressure.

- Due to smoking, the blood vessels can become narrow leading to high blood pressure. Smoking also minimises the content of oxygen in the blood due to which the heart has to pump the blood faster to compensate, leading to high blood pressure.

- People who consume alcohol regularly are at more risk of developing high blood pressure than other people who do not consume alcohol.

- High salt intake increases the chances of developing hypertension or high blood pressure.

- Having a high-fat diet may lead to an increase in blood pressure.

- If a person has some stress from a long-term then it can create a serious impact on blood pressure.

- People with diabetes have greater chances of developing high blood pressure.

- As per some research, it has been noticed that if you have psoriasis then you are at a risk of developing diabetes and high blood pressure.

- Pregnant women are at risk of developing high blood pressure or hypertension than women who are not pregnant and are of the same age.

 

How is it diagnosed?
High blood pressure or hypertension can be easily diagnosed by taking a reading of blood pressure. Generally, most of the doctors check your blood pressure during your routine visit. You should get your blood pressure checked regularly, especially whenever you visit a doctor. If your doctor finds that you have high blood pressure then your doctor will ask you to take more readings regularly over the course of some days or weeks. It is not possible to give high blood pressure diagnosis just after one reading. That is why your doctor wants to check your blood pressure over the course of some more days. The level of blood pressure changes throughout the day. Sometimes blood pressure elevates due to stress that you may have during your examinations. So, your doctor wants more readings in order to confirm the diagnosis. If your doctor notices that your blood pressure remains elevated then your doctor may ask you to get more tests done to find out underlying conditions. These tests include:

- Urine test

- Screening for cholesterol

- Other blood tests

- Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) test for recording the electrical activity of your heart

- Ultrasound of your kidneys or heart

Doctors ask you to get these tests done in order to know about the secondary issues leading to high blood pressure. Tests will also help to find out the effects that elevated blood pressure may have had on the organs of an affected person.

 

Prevention 
Check out various ways that may reduce the chances of developing high blood pressure or hypertension:

- You should add healthy food items to your diet. You should eat a lot of vegetables and fruits every day. Your goal should be to add 10 servings of vegetables and fruits in a day.

- You should avoid foods which have high-sugar such as flavoured yoghurts, sodas, and cereals.

- You should monitor your blood pressure regularly as it helps to avoid various complications associated with hypertension.

- You should set goals in order to lose the weight. It will be more beneficial for you if you would be specific about your goals.

- You should reduce the intake of salt or sodium.

- Excessive drinking can lead to elevated blood pressure so you should reduce or avoid the consumption of alcohol.

- You should not drink plenty of those beverages which contain caffeine.

 

Treatment of High Blood Pressure
The treatment that is provided by your doctor depends on many factors including its severity, type of hypertension, causes of hypertension, chances of developing cardiovascular disease or stroke. Your doctor provides you with the best treatment as per your condition.

- Primary treatment options for hypertension: If your doctor finds out that you have a problem of primary hypertension then should make some changes in your lifestyle as it would help you to reduce your elevated blood pressure. If lifestyle changes only do not work for you then your doctor may prescribe you some medicines.

- Secondary treatment options for hypertension: If your doctor finds out the underlying cause of elevated blood pressure then your doctor would focus on treating that particular condition. If there is some medicine that is the cause of high blood pressure then your doctor will recommend you some other medicine with no side effects. There is a possibility that hypertension continues even after treating the underlying cause. In such case, your doctor would suggest you some lifestyle changes and prescribe medicines to reduce the elevated blood pressure. Your doctor continuously works with you to evolve your treatment plan as it is not necessary that what worked earlier will work now.

Complications
If the hypertension is not treated at the right time the excessive pressure on the artery walls can lead to damage of the blood vessels as well as some other vital organs. The factors on which the extent of damage depends are the severity of hypertension and for how long it has not been treated. Check out various complications associated with high blood pressure:

- heart attack and heart failure

- the problem in brain functioning and memory functioning

- thickened, narrow, or torn blood vessels in the eyes

- blood clots

- kidney disease

- metabolic syndrome

- aneurysm

- stroke      

 

Myths
Check out some of the common myths about high blood pressure:

Myth #1. There are people in my family with high blood pressure so I cannot do anything to prevent it.

It is a fact that if someone in your family has the problem of high blood pressure then you are more prone to develop hypertension or high blood pressure. But it is wrong to say that you cannot prevent high blood pressure if it runs in your family. Lifestyles changes help people to avoid high blood pressure even if it runs in their family.

Myth #2. I am a patient of high blood pressure and my doctor checks my blood pressure whenever I visit him so I need not check it at home.

Blood pressure keeps on fluctuating. If you record and monitor the blood pressure at home then you will able to provide important details to your doctor. This will help your doctor to decide whether the treatment plan is working or not. It is important that you take blood pressure readings daily, every morning and evening, or as per your doctor suggestion. 

 

Conclusion
High blood pressure or hypertension is a common problem. People generally ignore high blood pressure in its earlier stage but this should be avoided. High blood pressure can lead to severe health complications if left untreated for a long time. The common symptoms of high blood pressure are nosebleeds, vomiting, nausea, dizziness, and more. A high-fat diet, high salt intake, smoking, and lack of physical exercises are some of the possible causes of high blood pressure. Your doctor can easily find out that you have high blood pressure by taking a reading. If your doctor finds out that you have elevated blood pressure then he or she may ask you to get more readings. Once your doctor notices that the readings are continuously high then your doctor will ask you to get some tests done including urine test, blood tests, electrocardiogram test, ultrasound of kidneys and heart, and more in order to be confirmed about the diagnosis. A lot of complications are associated with high blood pressure including stroke, kidney disease, heart failure and blood clots. People have many myths or misconceptions about high blood pressure. If someone in your family has high blood pressure then you cannot do anything to prevent it is one of the common myths.

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What Are The Common Symptoms Of A Brain Stroke?

Dr. Akhila Kumar Panda 88% (14 ratings)
DM - Neurology, MBBS, MD - Medicine
Neurologist, Bhubaneswar
What Are The Common Symptoms Of A Brain Stroke?

A brain stroke can affect anyone at any point of time when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted. It can threaten major physical functions and can prove to be fatally dangerous at times. The brain stem which is placed right above the spinal cord controls the breathing, heartbeat and levels of blood pressure. It is also in charge of controlling some elementary functions such as swallowing, hearing, speech and eye movements.

What are the different types of strokes?
There are three main kinds of stroke: ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes and transient ischemic attacks. The most common type of brain stroke is the ischemic stroke is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, which prevents the proper supply of blood to the brain. Sometimes it so happens that the blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body have travelled via the blood vessels and has been trapped in the blood vessel which provides blood to the brain. When the supply of blood to a part of the brain is hindered, the tissue in that area dies off owing to lack of oxygen. The other variant of brain stroke is termed as hemorrhagic stroke is caused when the blood vessels in and around the brain burst or leak. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage.  Remembering the F.A.S.T. acronym can help with recognizing the onset of stroke (Face, Arms, Speed, Time - explained below). 

What are the common symptoms of a brain stroke?
The symptoms of the brain stroke are largely dependent on the area of the brain that has been affected. It can interfere with normal functioning, such as breathing and talking and other functions which human beings can perform without thinking such as eye movements or swallowing. Since all the signals from the brain as well as other parts of the body traverse through the brain stem, the interruption of blood flow often leads to numbness or paralysis in different parts of the body.

Who is likely to have a stroke?
Anyone is at a risk of developing brain stroke although ageing is directly proportional to the risk of having a stroke. Not only that an individual with a family history of brain stroke or transient ischemic attack is at a higher risk of developing stroke. People who have aged over 65 accounts for about 33 percent of all brain strokes. It is important to point here that individuals with high blood pressure, high blood sugar, cholesterol, cancer, autoimmune diseases and some blood disorders are at a higher risk of developing brain stroke.

There are a few factors which can increase the risk of developing stroke beyond any control. But there are certain lifestyle choices as well which aids in controlling the chances of being affected by stroke. It is crucial to refrain from long-term hormone replacement therapies as well as birth control pills, smoking, lack of physical activity, excessive use of alcohol and drug addiction. A brain stroke is a life-threatening medical condition, and when an individual has symptoms that resemble that of stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical help.

Treatment for stroke

  1. Treatment depends on the type of stroke.
  2. Ischemic strokes can be treated with 'clot-busting' drugs.
  3. Hemorrhagic strokes can be treated with surgery to repair or block blood vessel weaknesses.
  4. The most effective way to prevent strokes is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

What is TPA?
TPA is a thrombolytic or a “Clot Buster” drug. This clot buster is used to break-up the clot that is causing a blockage or disruption in the flow of blood to the brain and helps restore the blood flow to the area of the brain. It is given by intravenous (IV). This can be given only within 4.5 hrs of the onset of symptoms

Time is brain

  1. Remember Every second Loss means brain cells die.
  2. Rush to the nearest Stroke Centre whenever you experience such symptoms.
  3. U can save the brain cells dying if you reach within 4.5 hrs by the CLOT BUSTER. 

Endovascular procedures 
Another treatment option is an endovascular procedure* called mechanical thrombectomy, strongly recommended, in which  trained doctors try  removing a large blood clot by  sending a wired-caged device called a stent retriever, to the site of the blocked blood vessel in the brain

Stroke prevention
The good news is that 80 percent of all strokes are preventable. It starts with managing key risk factors, including 

  1. High blood pressure,
  2. Cigarette smoking,
  3. Diabetes
  4. Atrial fibrillation and
  5. Physical inactivity.
  6. More than half of all strokes are caused by uncontrolled hypertension or high blood pressure, making it the most important risk factor to control. 

Rehabilitation
The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehabilitation ("rehab"). In stroke rehab, a team of health professionals works with you to regain skills you lost as the result of a stroke.

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