Benign Prostratic Hyperplasia
Benign prostratic hypertrophy or BPH is a condition, which generally occurs with age. In this condition, the prostrate gets bigger than normal. This leads to the urethra getting squeezed and limiting the flow of urine from the body. An enlarged prostrate is often the underlying cause for older people to wake up frequently at night to visit the washroom.
BPH is not a very serious condition and may often go away on its own. However, there are certain treatments available for people suffering from chronic forms of the disease. Most people suffer from the misconception that BPH is a form of prostate cancer or that the disease increases the risk for the same. However, BPH is a very common disorder that does not have any connection with cancer or the chances of getting afflicted with cancer of the prostrate.
There is no consensus when it comes to the question of what causes the disorder. Most doctors feel that the hormonal changes related to old age bring about the enlargement of the prostrate. The prostate in men starts to grow by the age of 25 and continues to grow till their death. However, BPH is caused in only some men and not all.
The treatment for BPH includes several options and not every course of treatment is suitable for all patients. Primarily, BPH is treated by three courses, which include watchful waiting, medication and surgery. Watchful waiting is chosen for patients with mild enlargement and symptoms, while the medications are used for people with moderate symptoms. Surgery is the very last option and is only used if medications are unable to offer any relief.
Watchful waiting is the procedure where you ask a physician to keep an eye on your prostate if you suspect that you suffer from BPH. Under such a condition, yearly examination of the prostate is recommended. However, you may need to visit the doctor sooner, if you feel a shift in the symptoms of the disorder. Doctors also recommend making some lifestyle changes in such instances. These changes may involve drinking less fluids before bedtime and ingesting less caffeine and alcohol.
If the problem does not go away with lifestyle changes, you may need medications and supplements. Alpha blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors reduce the size of the prostate and facilitate the movement of urine through the urethra. Supplements such as Beta-sitosterol and rye grass are also used often to help deal with BPH.
Surgery is the last option, in case the condition is not alleviated by the medications and the supplements. In most instances, a minimally invasive surgery is conducted to help the urine pass from the urethra even when the prostate is large in size.
If you develop an issue where you need to go to the bathroom often or feel that your bladder is still full just after visiting the loo, you may be suffering from BPH. In such a case, visit a doctor and start the watchful waiting procedure. If this does not alleviate the symptoms, you may be eligible for the medications and supplements treating the same.
People who do not show any symptoms of BPH, do not require the treatment. Often, older men may have a large prostate, but may not suffer from any of the symptoms commonly found in men with BPH. In these cases, treatment is not recommended.
There can be many side effects of the BPH medications. For instance, the Alpha blockers used to relax the muscles in the urethra can lead to dizziness, fainting, fatigue, retrograde ejaculation and even nasal congestions. These drugs can also lead to erectile dysfunction and reduction of libido.
Similarly, the 5-alpha reductase inhibitors can also lead to erectile dysfunction and reduced sexual prowess. So, consult a doctor prior to taking any medication for the BPH. If you feel that any particular medicine is causing complications, talk to the physician and try to find an alternative medication that does not have the same side effect.
There are no guidelines as such that you need to follow after the treatment for BPH. However, doctors usually recommend avoiding fluids before sleep at night. Patients are also asked not to drink too much caffeine and alcohol if they suffer from the condition.
The cost for treatment usually depends on the course followed. So, if you suffer from moderate symptoms, you may have to spend anywhere between Rs. 500 and Rs. 1,500 for the treatment. However, in case of surgery, the cost may range anywhere between Rs. 10,000 and Rs. 25,000 in India.
The results of the treatment are not permanent, as medications cannot cure BPH. The treatment only helps to control the symptoms and deal with them. So, if a patient stops the medication, they may relapse and their symptoms may return.
Rs. 500-Rs. 2,500
The prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland located under the bladder. Its main function is to add fluid to the semen produced by the reproductive system. It does not cause any problems in men till later in life when it begins to grow. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or BPH can affect some men, but you can reduce your risk of this condition.
Risk factors for BPH
Knowing and understanding factors that cause BPH will help you avoid or reduce your risk of this condition. In addition to age the other risk factors of BPH are:
Although certain risk factors such as family history, age and ethnic background, are beyond your control, you can control a few others.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Urinary incontinence is the unintentional passing of urine. It's a common problem thought to affect millions of people. There are several types of urinary incontinence, including:
It's also possible to have a mixture of both stress and urge urinary incontinence.
What causes urinary incontinence in men?
Urinary incontinence in men results when the brain does not properly signal the bladder, the sphincters do not squeeze strongly enough, or both. The bladder muscle may contract too much or not enough because of a problem with the muscle itself or the nerves controlling the bladder muscle. Damage to the sphincter muscles themselves or the nerves controlling these muscles can result in poor sphincter function. These problems can range from simple to complex.
A man may have factors that increase his chances of developing UI, including
UI is not a disease. Instead, it can be a symptom of certain conditions or the result of particular events during a man’s life. Conditions or events that may increase a man’s chance of developing UI include
Treating Urinary Incontinence
Initially, your GP may suggest some simple measures to see if they help improve your symptoms. These may include:
The prostate gland in males surrounds the urethra, through which urine and sperm are passed out of the body. Its function is to secrete a fluid, which provides nourishment to the sperm. It is about the shape of a walnut and is present between the pubic bone and the rectum.
As a man crosses 40, the prostate gland begins to increase in size due to an increase in the number of cells. This is known as hyperplasia. The condition is usually benign and therefore the name benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). As it continues to grow, there is an increased pressure on the urethra. Therefore, there can be problems with urination. The bladder, being a muscular organ, compensates to some extent and so the problems with urination are mostly managed. If left untreated, this can continue to be a major problem and the bladder may not be able to compensate. In men who are 60-plus, BPH is very common.
Signs and symptoms
If you are having any of these symptoms, then the doctor will first test for an enlarged prostate through a digital rectal exam. Then a test is done to check a chemical called prostate specific antigen. Increased levels of this chemical is almost always indicative of BPH. In addition, X-rays and scanning may be used to confirm diagnosis.
Though medications are available, confirmatory treatment is through surgical removal. The procedure needs a inimum of 2 to 3 days. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a urologist and ask a free question.
Benign Prostrate Hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition which results in the enlargement of the prostate gland. The prostrate grand is situated near the Urethra (a tube which helps flush out the urine from the bladder). Generally, the chance of developing BPH increases after one crosses the age of 50. But it is yet unknown as to why some men experience more severe symptoms than others.
Causes of BPH
This condition generally occurs because of old age and affects almost all men above the age of 75. It occurs because of the various hormonal changes and changes in cell growth that the body goes through, as one becomes old. Sometimes BPH can set in due to genetics. If BPH sets in due to genetically reasons, it usually is quite severe and affects men before they reach 60.
Symptoms of BPH
Quite a few men who develop BPH, experience no symptoms at all. But when symptoms of BPH, known as lower urinary tract symptoms (LUT) start, they can be either mild or very severe. The severity of the symptoms is not related to the extent of the enlargement. Many a times men with only a mild enlargement complain about severe symptoms, while men with a highly enlarged prostate gland have not complained about any discomfort faced.
Symptoms of BPH tend to worsen due to cold weather and also because of physical and emotional overexertion. There are certain medicines, which should be avoided if you suffer from BPH, as they have a tendency to worsen your symptoms, for example diphenhydramine, pseudoephedrine, oxymetazoline spray and other antidepressants.
The symptoms of BPH are related to bladder emptying and issues with bladder storage.
Symptoms related to the urine drainage from the bladder are:
Symptoms related to storage of urine in the bladder are:
It however, has to be kept in mind that these symptoms may not primarily occur due to prostate enlargement, but are the result of other conditions like urinary tract infections, prostatitis, prostate cancer, neurological disorders and even diabetes. Thus, it is essential that you visit a doctor and get the cause for these symptoms diagnosed properly.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia(BPH) is the enlargement of the prostate gland which can lead to other serious problems of the urinary tract, bladder, and kidneys.
It might be the result of an infection of the urinary tract or a scar in the bladder from an earlier surgery. Prostrate inflammation or urethral narrowing can also cause an enlargement of the gland. Kidney or bladder stones may also be responsible for prostate enlargement.
Age also plays a role in the enlargement of the gland. The hormonal changes that are natural with advances in age can cause the gland to grow in size. The prostate, in fact, doubles in size when men enter puberty, and later when they are about 25 years of age, it begins to grow again. In most cases, this growth continues for the rest of their lives.
Symptoms of BPH
As the prostate gland continues to grow, it can begin to exert pressure on the urethra. This affects the flow of urine and leads to some of the most common symptoms of BPH. These include-
Though quite rare, you might find yourself unable to urinate or notice blood in your urine. If you notice one or more of the above-mentioned symptoms, consult a physician at your earliest possible. BPH can lead to a number of serious ailments that include bladder stones, severe damage to the bladder and even damage to the kidneys.
Role of Homeopathy
Given that in most men the prostate gland continues to grow throughout their lives, it is best to take the necessary preventive measures to ensure that it doesn’t progress to a serious health condition. Homeopathy, being both natural and effective, is one of the most popular methods of prevention.
A practitioner of homeopathy will evaluate all aspects of your lifestyle and health and prescribe a combination of medications designed to both reduce the inflammation of the prostate and regulate your urinary problems. You might even be prescribed natural pain relievers that will help manage any pain that you might be experiencing during urination. A pro-active approach is advised when it comes to the treatment of the prostate gland.