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Electrolytes Test

Electrolytes Test

Serum is the part of blood that doesn't contain cells. Sodium, potassium, and chloride levels are usually measured as part of a basic metabolic panel. Electrolyte panel is very useful in assessing acid base balance in a number of medical conditions. Electrolytes affect a person’s body functions in many ways, including the acidity or alkalinity of the blood, the amount of water in the body and various muscle functions. Potassium is found inside the body's cells. Small amounts of it are also found in the blood plasma. It plays an important role in regulating the heart's rhythm and its ability to contract. Sodium is mainly found outside the body cells. It helps in regulating the amount of water in the body.

Electrolyte testing may be carried out as part of routine blood tests. The blood test for the electrolytic panel doesn’t require any fasting or dietary changes. However, it is best to consult your doctor and follow any specific instructions issued by him/her. Certain medications affect the sodium, potassium and chloride levels in the blood, hence you may be required to stop those medications for a while before the test. You should preferably wear light and comfortable clothing to the diagnostic centre.

You may be tested for electrolytes if your doctor thinks you have an imbalance of one of the electrolytes (usually sodium or potassium), or if he/she suspects an acid-base (pH) imbalance. The test is useful in evaluating cases of kidney disorder, high blood pressure or heart failure. It acts as a monitoring test for various medical ailments as well. Patients hospitalized with a serious illness are regularly monitored by their blood samples. Electrolyte levels may also be checked if you have been prescribed certain medication, specifically diuretics or ACE inhibitors.

The procedure is similar to regular blood tests. The skin is cleaned by swabbing with 70% isopropyl alcohol to prevent any contamination. The lab technician then usually wraps an elastic band around your arm close to the venipuncture site to allow your veins to fill with blood. A needle is then used to draw the required number of samples of blood from the vein. After the drawing of the blood, the venipuncture site is covered with a Band-Aid. The blood sample is then submitted to a laboratory where the serum is tested, the test results are usually available within 24 hours.

Serum (preferred) or plasma
2 mL
Gel-barrier tube (send entire tube) preferred. Red-top tube or green-top (heparin) tube is acceptable if centrifuged within 45 minutes and the serum or plasma is removed and placed in a tightly-stoppered secondary tube..
Type Gender Age-Group Value
All age groups
136 - 145mEq/L
All age groups
3.5 - 5.1 mEq/L
All age groups
98 - 107 mEq/L
All age groups
23 - 29mEq/L
Average price range of the test is between Rs.250 to Rs.540 depending on the factors of city, quality and availablity.

Table of Content

What is Electrolytes Test?
Preparation for Electrolytes Test
Uses of Electrolytes Test
Procedure for Electrolytes Test
Specimen Requirements
Normal values for Electrolytes Test
Price for Electrolytes Test
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Popular Questions & Answers

How to recover physical strength and stamina because I feel very weak after doing some exercise and running. I feel energy less in body and cause vertigo. Pls help me out.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Haridwar
Take ashwgndha and satawer 1 spoon daily with milk Do yoga Avoid oily and fast food Be happy And consult me online for diet chart.

Hi doc. After my first gym workout on 2nd day there was pain in my arms and I can't straighten them as before but on 3rd day there was swelling on my biceps and elbows although the pain has been reduced but swelling is still there. Is the issue I have to worry or it is a common problem. Should I continue gym or not. Please help.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD (AM), PGDPPHC, ACLS
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Chandigarh
Hi doc. After my first gym workout on 2nd day there was pain in my arms and I can't straighten them as before but on ...
Have plenty of water and give rest to your muscles from over exerting all of a sudden. Increase exercise in phases & challenge different muscle groups like arms, legs, abdomen, shoulders, back turn by turn. That way the muscles will get adequate time to rest & recover. Electrolytes & Protein intake through a well-planned diet is also very important. Perhaps even more important than exercise. You can subscribe to a professionally designed diet plan for better results from your efforts in the GYM. Stay informed & Live Life More!

I have suffering from black head as a pimples. I have used many kinds of medicine like homeopathy, and etc. But problems as its. Please provide good consultant as soon.

B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition, Nutrition Certification,Registered Dietitian
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
I have suffering from black head as a pimples. I have used many kinds of medicine like homeopathy, and etc. But probl...
Hello Use Tea Tree face wash and Toner twice daily. Use AHA Glow face wash once in a day. Use Sunscreen with SPF 30 daily. Use natural face pack of Multani Mitti and lemon 2 times a week. You can also use apple cider vinegar for 5 minutes after washing your face and splash it clean with water.

Dear SIr/Madam, My Mother age is 60 Years and height is 5.1 and her weight is 60-65 kgs. She is a diabetic from last 25-30 years and taking insulin 3 times before meals. Last month on dated 15.09.16 she had pains in all her body and mouth was curving to one side like paralyzed and she stopped some time while talking. We immediately rush to hospital at that time her BP was 95/180 and sugar level at 210 at home. Doctor took tests and CT all was in normal and discharged after 3 days once stabled. But she was not well and weaken after discharge and she was on medicines MEGATRON 10 MG CAP GABAVAL 1 TAB plagerine A TAB ZYCIOL 500 MG CAP ELREB DSR 1 TAB ELDO 30 MG TAB AMLONG 5 MG she was again admitted in hospital on dated 22.09.16 due to Electrolytes imbalanced after analyse thru tests but why electrolytes imbalanced after discharge. Please advice if you can this is due to medicines and was there in observation for 10 days. Now a days from 1.5 months she is taking DIVINE OD 500, BETA CAP 40, PREGABA 75 MG CAP PGM 75, ECOSPRIN AV 75/10. This was the whole story but I am not convinced with the treatment I want to know what happened 1st time when she admitted and why electrolytes suddenly gone to lower side. Please advice because my mother do not want to continue the medicines.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Zirakpur
Dear SIr/Madam, My Mother age is 60 Years and height is 5.1 and her weight is 60-65 kgs. She is a diabetic from last ...
To know the whole things you have to understand basics of medical science. As of stopping medicine, pl do not think of it. Having been dependent on such drugs for three decades, you can't switch to other things suddenly and that too at this stage. When chemical diuretics are given (in HTN/ oedema/ renal problems etc), electrolyte depletion takes place as a side effect such as potassium depletion etc which is again supplied through potassium drugs. This vicious cycle goes in. Here Ayurveda is different. SLOW but natural. Diuretics are such that there would not be electrolyte imbalance/ depletion. But this doesn't mean that allopathy is bad. It has wonderful life saving developments to its credit. On the other hand Ayurveda's stress on lifestyle and natural medicine has wonderful results but its limited too esp in critical life conditions. Need is to respect both approaches where needed. It has to be understood by both ailing humanity and medical fraternity. I would suggest you to gradually supplement your mother's treatment with herbals for introducing little comfortable life ahead without compromising on medical facilities. If agree, pl consult with more details.
1 person found this helpful

I am facing a stool problems from few years I am had blood loose motion in 5 months ago tht time my stool reports saw me pus cell in huge amount and one year ago I did my stool culture tht time also I had pus cell in stool and +++ bacteria now I am suffering from loose motion every week I am tried so much medicine but it's relief for some days then it's motion back again I am going washroom in morning 2 times some time 3 times in noon time it's change for all day I am scared for big problem stomach there for my doctor say I should do ogd scopy and there is mild antral gastritis is came I am very nervous person and I am very scared now please give me some suggestions what should I do now l m very helpless now.

Homeopath, Delhi
Loose motions may be due to viral infection, bacterial infection, due to any medical condition, or allergy to food or any vegetables, anxiety problems. So, First you should maintain proper dietary management. Rehydrate. Water replaces fluid but not electrolytes lost through diarrhea. Electrolytes are minerals that help your body manage its fluid levels, muscle activity, and other important functions. Go for soup and broth with sodium, fruit drinks or a rehydration fluid such as Ceralyte, Oralyte, or Pedialyte. Eat bland, safe foods. When you have diarrhea, stick with soup and broth. When you feel ready, add lean meat, yogurt, fruits, vegetables, and complex carbohydrates such as rice, potatoes, and bread. Avoid food triggers. To put an end to diarrhea, steer clear of foods and drinks containing caffeine and lots of sugar, as well as sugar substitutes and fried or fatty foods. Also take a break from high-fiber foods, spicy foods, dairy products, and foods known to cause gas, such as beans, broccoli, and cabbage. Wash your hands. When you have diarrhea, wash even more often than normal, especially after going to the bathroom and before eating.

Popular Health Tips

Potassium Deficiency - 7 Signs You Are Suffering From It!

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, P.G. Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics, B.Sc. Home Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Chandigarh
Potassium Deficiency - 7 Signs You Are Suffering From It!

Potassium is an essential mineral which is known as an electrolyte. Electrolytes are responsible for maintaining the ionic balance of your body. Other electrolytes are sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, chloride. These electrolytes bear an electric charge which manages the electrical activity of your health system. Potassium also helps the muscles of the body to function properly. In fact, it has its contribution in regulating blood pressure; a crucial role for a healthy heart.

Potassium deficiency is a kind of medical condition which is known as hypokalemia. The normal level of potassium in the human body should be in between 3.5-5.0 mmol/L. But the deficiency in potassium can cause severe problems including muscle weakness, nerve disorders, heart problems, etc. Kidney is the organ which is known to manage the potassium balance by removing the extra potassium through urine.

Causes of potassium deficiency:

  1. Lack of potassium in diet
  2. Dehydration
  3. Diarrhoea
  4. Too much sweating
  5. Several medicines also cause potassium deficiency

Signs of potassium deficiency:

  1. You are getting wiped out too often: Like it is discussed before that potassium is responsible for your muscles to work actively. Each and every cell needs the required amount of potassium to work effectively. So, a little deficiency of potassium can leave you exhausted throughout the day. If your normal working routine leaves you exhausted and if you are sweating too often, then there is a chance that you are suffering from hypokalemia.
  2. High blood pressurePotassium plays an important role in maintaining the blood pressure by helping in relaxing the blood vessels. Low potassium can cause the blood vessels to get constricted, due to which your blood pressure increases.
  3. Muscle weakness: Potassium plays a significant role in building the strength of your muscles. Lack of potassium can easily cause muscle weakness, aches and spasms.
  4. Irregular heartbeatAnything regarding your heart problem can scare you badly; especially when you experience sudden skipped heart rate or when your heart rate doubles. Low potassium can cause such palpitations and skipped heartbeat.
  5. Feeling dizzy: Lack of potassium in your body can slow down your heart rate and make you feel dizzy or you may feel that you are going to faint. Though many other medical conditions can be responsible for such symptoms but hypokalemia is one of them.
  6. ConstipationPotassium deficiency can affect your overall health. You might encounter symptoms like bloating, abdominal cramping etc.
  7. Numbness and tinglingPotassium is significant in keeping your nerves healthy. Potassium deficiency can make you experience numbness, needle sensations on your feet, wrist, etc.

These are the signs that people encounter when they suffer from hypokalemia. Hypokalemia can make you feel extremely sick and it causes several diseases which are discussed above. It is always advisable to visit a doctor when you encounter any of these above mentioned symptoms. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

7129 people found this helpful

High Blood Pressure

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurvedic Doctor, Mumbai
High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure Causes

High blood pressure is many times a symptom of underlying disease. You can visualize heart as a pump which is pumping blood (viscous liquid) across the body. It supplies the brain where it pumps against gravity. Similarly it also receives the blood from the legs which is again against gravity. In this closed circulation the blood vessels allow the gases like oxygen and carbondioxide and some liquid to pass through the membrane along with nutrients and waste products to and from various tissues.

Blood pressure increases

1. The heart has to pump with higher intensity due to a blockage which restricts the blood supply to a critical organ including the brain and heart.

2. Blood vessels become narrow due to constriction or fat and calcified plaques deposited.

3. Certain hormones (Chemicals) secreted by the kidneys and other organs cause the blood vessels to contract.

4. Stress which releases enzymes that increase blood pressure.

5. Electrolytes like Sodium levels increase the osmotic pressure thereby increasing the volume of blood and thus blood pressure. It is mainly due to an underline endocrine disease.

Considering these five points we need to investigate understand and try to address the cause by symptomatically managing the blood pressure.

High blood pressure has multiple effects on to the body especially on small blood vessels which can burst (bleed) in brain, eyes and other organs. It also increases the risk of pushing a clot into the brain as well as damaging the blood vessel itself. The cholesterol and other lipids which circulate in the blood get pushed towards the walls of the vessel due to high blood pressure thereby increasing the risk of atherosclerosis.

In short high blood pressure is a serious entity needs to be addressed objectively.

5 people found this helpful

Throbbing Pain in Your Muscles - 7 Ways You Can Deal With it

MBBS, MD - Anaesthesiology, DNB Anaesthesiology, PDCC - Pain Management
Pain Management Specialist, Mumbai
Throbbing Pain in Your Muscles - 7 Ways You Can Deal With it

The musculoskeletal structure of your body is what enables you do any physical movement. The bones provide the solid structure while the muscles provide the strength and agility for all the necessary movements. However, muscles can be affected either due to internal problems within the body or due to wear and tear. Pain in the muscles can be quite debilitating and problematic.

Some of the more common methods to treat and deal with muscle pain are mentioned below.

  1. Correct electrolyte imbalances in your daily food intake: Electrolytes are important minerals required in your body such as potassium or magnesium. A lack of these minerals within the body will cause muscle pain including cramps and spasms. These could be caused due to:
    • Strenuous exercising or physical activity such as playing sports
    • High blood pressure
    • The onset of the menstrual cycles
    • Dehydration
    • An imbalanced diet that doesn’t supply these minerals
  2. Proper stretching and massaging your muscles: You should get into a habit of properly warming up and cooling down before and after exercising as this will allow the muscles to get into optimal physical condition. If you suddenly start exercising, it may damage them and cause immediate pain or may develop into chronic pain over time. The best way to correct this imbalance is to include foods in your diet which contain these minerals, such as bananas for potassium, organic meat for potassium and magnesium, organic eggs, and legumes.
  3. Start exercising if you aren’t doing it regularly: Muscle pain may occur due to atrophy or weakening of the muscles. Bad habits and posture overtime will also result in muscle pain and the best way to strengthen them is to start exercising and stretching them slowly. Once they are strong enough, some of the muscle pain issues will go away on their own.
  4. Correcting bad posture: Bad posture is another culprit for muscle pain. Especially common with sedentary jobs behind a desk postures tend to deteriorate overtime and cause, muscle pain. Thus along with exercising, try to change your posture and correct any bad habit that may have crept in.
  5. Stay hydrated: Dehydration is another common cause for muscle pain especially from muscle spasms or cramps. Ensure that you are properly hydrated throughout the day to avoid pain from spasms.
  6. Use either hot or cold therapy: You can use ice packs or hot water packs to soothe muscle pain depending on the type of causes. For example, throbbing muscle pain and spasms can be relaxed through warm compress while inflammations can be soothed by icepacks.
  7. Medications: In certain disorders of the body such as fibromyalgia, you will need to take specialized medications in order to correct the problem. For excessive and chronic pain, you should visit your doctor as it may require more extensive treatment. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
4249 people found this helpful

Beat The Heat: 9 Reasons To Relish Watermelon This Summer

PGDCC (Cardiology ), CCEBDM (Diabetes), CCGDM (Gestational Diabetes), CCMTD (Thyroid), MBBS
Cardiologist, Udaipur
Beat The Heat: 9 Reasons To Relish Watermelon This Summer

Of the few things which make summers in the sub-continent somewhat bearable, the watermelon is certainly a chart-topper. Nothing can refresh our tired and dehydrated bodies more than juicy watermelon cubes after a day at the office. The very sight of the large green fruit quenches our thirst somehow.

For a fruit this delicious, the benefits may seem add-ons but take a look at the following and you are sure to jump into the watermelon fan club, in case you are not a member yet:

1. Hydrates the body

The water content in the fruit is more than 90%. Having as little as a cup full of watermelon cubes replenishes fluid level in the body. Electrolytes like calcium, magnesium, potassium and iron are present in abundance that aids the rehydration process.

2. Rejuvenates eye and skin health

Watermelon has a very high vitamin a content. This is a powerful anti-oxidant that fights free radicals in the body and is great for vision and skin. Vitamin a goes a long way in boosting the body's immunity as well.

3. Promotes health of vital organs

Watermelon is a source of potassium. This essential mineral controls blood pressure and the heart rate thereby ensuring proper functioning of the heart. Also, the kidney is another organ that is benefited owing to the water and mineral content of the fruit.

4. Relieves muscle pains

Arginine is an amino acid that improves blood circulation in the body and relaxes the tissue. Watermelon contains the amino acid citrulline that is synthesized into arginine automatically in the body. Thus, it is a food of choice for athletes.

5. Reduces tanning

Watermelon is the richest natural source of lycopene, an antioxidant that combats UV-ray induced free radicals which cause sunburns. Owing to this, only two cups of watermelon can help you get brighter and glowing skin.

6. Promotes sexual health

Studies have shown the fruit to beef up libido in humans. The improved circulation owing to essential minerals present in the fruit will certainly improve performance in the bed.

7. Improves sleep

A few slices of the fruit before bed-time induces the body to secrete serotonin that helps us get deep sleep that is necessary after all the action the fruit promises to help us get.

8. Combats cancer

The lycopene present in watermelon has been shown by some studies to combat the spread of cancer.

9. Low in calories

For its size and roundness, the fruit's calorie and fat content are incredibly low. Thus, using this tasty treat to satiate your hunger is a healthy lifestyle thing. The cholesterol levels also do not go up at all from having watermelon.

It is recommended to have 2 cups of watermelon daily or as frequently as you can get your hands on it. Going up to anywhere between three to four cups should be absolutely fine. So, go ahead and indulge in the goodness of this delicious and hydrating fruit this summer. Stay healthy, stay happy!